War Pensions. RADNORSHIRE COMMITTED WORK. A meeting of the Radnorshire War Pensions Com- mittee was held at the County Buildings, Llandrindod Wells, on Friday, when Mr J. O. Bufton, J.P., was voted to the chair. There were present Mrs Nicholls, Mrs Sims, Mrs Moseley, Dr. Harding. and Messrs. J. Hurst, W. Thomas, E. Price, J. W. Jones and T. Ten- rose, with the clerk (Mr H. Vaughan-Yaughan). A letter was read from the War Pensions Committee, asking the committee to submit an estimate of expen- diture, -and it was decided to leave this to the clerk, who was instructed to base his estimate on the expendi- ture of the past quarter. Another letter asked for the observations of the com- mittee with regard to the treatment of disabled sol- diers, and particulars of what was. being done- locally. Mr Bufton mentioned that there was one disabled soldier at Llandrindod Wells, Mrs Nicholls said there was one in her district, and Dr. Harding said there were three in his. it was left to the clerk to .-end a Mutable reply. Another letter referred to a convalescent home which a gentleman had kindly provided and fitted out for sol- diers on the cotst at Holyhead, and it was stated that, although there was accommodation for 12, there had never been more than four or the there at a time. Members were asked to make this provision known. and it was explained that there was -no other expense other than railway fare. The Surrev Committee wrote, suggesting that the members of" these committees should have railway ex- penses and subsistence allowance on the same scale as members of Insurance Committees, but it was pointed out that, as in Radnorshire the meetings were held on the same day as the Insurance Committee, it would not be necessary to pay the expenses of all members. The principle was, however, approved. A large number of pensions were dealt with.
XOH! DEAR DOCTOR! jt ?? STOP ONE MOMENT. W X MUST MY DARLING DIE? X THERE IS VERY LITTLE HOPE. BUT TRY TUDOR WILLIAMS' PATENT BALSAM OF HONEY. | WHAT IS IT? TUDOR WILLIAMS' PATENT BALSAM OF HONEY 18 an essence of the purest and most efficacious herbs, ?th?red Mthe Welsh hills and valkys in the proper i ?en their virtues are in full Perfection. and ?soP'e?Wh pure Welsh Honey. All the ingredients are perfectly pure. WHAT IT DOES? TUDOR WILLIAMS' PATENT BALSAM OF HONEY Cures Coughs, Colds, Bronchitis, Asthma, Whooping Cough, Croup, and all disorders of .hoi^oat. Chest, and Lungs. W ondprfu[ Cure for Children s Coughs after Measles it is invaluable to weai,-??e.,ted men, delicate women and children. It succeeds ?and Stor?e??s ????? medies fail. Sold by all Chemists and gtore3 in 1/li, ? and 4/6 bottles. Sample bottles sent by post for 1? 2/9 and 5/ Great MVtn? by purchasing larger size bottle. WHAT IT HAS DONE FOR OTHERS! A Stipendary and Magistrate in the County of Glamor- gan remarks ?I 'fee?'it mv duty to inform you that I have been using vour Tudor Williams' Balsam of Honey in my ??Y ?-hich is a large one. for many years, and have ?Dr°oned?g?t value, having used ?othing else (or Cough during Measles. Whooping Couh. and Bronchitis, and can highly recommend it, to all parents for such complaints. YOU NEED NOT SUFFER! Disease is a sin, inasmuch that if you act rightly, at the right time, it can, to a great extent. be avoided. Here is the preventative. The first moment you start with sore throat, take a dose of < TUDOR WILLIAMS' PATENT BALSAM OF HONEY. It had sawd tbollsads It will save you. It is pre- sxrAHsffi ?'t. ??"b/?ue?f its composition, eminently adapted for all cases of Coughs, Colds, Bronchitis, Asthma, etc.; it exercises a distinct influence upon the mucous lining of the throat, windpipe, and small air vessels, so that nothing but warmed pure air passes into the lungs. THE CHILDREN LIKE IT. t It's the product of the Honeycomb chemically treated tc get the best results. THEY ASK FOR IT! So different from Most Medicines. Nice to take. Cures Quickly. For vocalists and pabUc speakers it has no equal. It makes the voice as clear as a bell. Be not deceived. The popularity of Tudor Williams' Patent Balsam of Honey has resulted in many imitations being placed on the market. When buying, therefore, see that the name TUDOR WILUAIIS is on each bottle. and refuse any preparation advanced as being "Just as good, or "A little cheaper. Insist on Tudor Williams' BALSAM OF HONEY. Manufacturer: D. TUDOR WILLIAMS, MEDICAL HALL, ABERDARE. Inrti 4HFNTS—Me! ssrs. W. Tudor, Charles and Gwillim, ??CB' ?or Chemists. Brecon; G. M. Perkins: fh'?tr?hton- T. A. Cottm?n. Chemist, Builth Weflls; D. I. Williams, C?n?t. Lhu?vrtyd WeUs. W. Thomas, Chemist, Talgarth. b1l5/216
FEBRUARY COMPETITION. Best eSsay on "Musicians of Brecon and Radnor— Past and Present." Open to elementary school-ehildren in Brecon and Radnor. Include name, address, and age in your contribution. Marks will be given as f ollow: -Intelligen ce, 160; English, 80; spelling, 80; and hand-writing, 80. Prizes.-lst, 2/6; 2nd, 1/6; 3rd. 1/ The essays must not exceed 250 words. The com- positions must also be the bonafide work of competitors themselves. The last day for receiving essays will be Saturday, February 24th, and these should be properly stamped and addressed to Uncle Tom, care of "Brecon and Rad- nor Express," Brecon.
More About the Wonderful New Remedy for Backache and Rheumatism. Tilronsa-Jids of persons are talking to-day about I the marvellous cures which arc being' effected by Ba-kor's Backache PüNets-the wonderful new re- medy which has proved to be a positive cure for i Backache. Lumbago. Sciatica, llbeunKittism, Giravel. Dizziness, and all Kidney Troubles. Mr j •]. T. Brown, of Bridge Street, Smethwick, wci'tes :—"I am writing to ask you to forward me a box of Baker's Backache PeHcts. A friend of mine has told me what a wonderful cure they a,re. He onlv had tlwee boxes, and they have done him a world of good. He has started to work for the first time tor twelve months, and lie has recom- mended me to try tlvem." Ail suffc-irers from the a bove agonising complaints should get a. box to- day. Can now be obtained at all Boots' 655 Branches, Taylor's Drug Stores, and all Chemists, at 1/3 per box, or post free, in plain wrapper, direct from Baker's Medicine Co.. 1, Southampton How. Jjondon, \Y.C. Trial box post free for two I stam pS.
Total A bstinence. DOCTOR'S APPEAL. LLANDRINDOD WELLS MEETING. Speaking at Llandrindod Wells on Wednesday, Dr. J. .kdaiij Rawlings. of Swansea, said the war had thrust the drink question into a prominence in which it could not be ignored, and they were bound to ask themselves what was the best way to deal with it ? The question was being asked, would the nation gain by total ab- stinence? His reply was that the nation would actually gain. There were numerous scientific reasons why that opinion should be accepted. Xo individual could give his best service physically, intellectually, or spiritually without practising total abstinence. The belief in the value of alcoholic liquors wa.s a very old belief, but, one by one, the arguments advanced in its favour had been examined, tested, and proved to be without foun- dation. Alcoholic beverages contained an infinitesmal amount of nourishment, whilst alcohol itself could not supply suitable working energy for the human body. In fact. it always hindered. and could not be thought of as a food. Whisky did not keep the cold out, but, on the contrary, it let the cold in. The lowest temper- ature of the human body which had'been registered was after a man had been dead drunk. In proportion to the quantity of alcohol taken, the temperature of the body went down and down. As for work. all the evi- dence went to show that a man could do hard physical work, intellectual work, and all kinds of work, in all sorts of climates better without alcohol than with it. That was illustrated by the endurance of the Russian Army, which was a teetotal Army from top to bottom. Russia, so backward in many respects, was leading the civilised nations in this respect. The Russian Army wa" neyer so free from disease as now, and never had wounds recovered more quickly. Privation had been the lot of Russian Armies in the past—more so than was usually the case—but the present Russian Army were enduring hardships and doing their work better than any other Russian Army had ever done. It was I- A Scientific Fact that alcohol actually hindered, interfered with, and lowered the standard of health. He was not speaking now of intemperance, but of moderate drinking. Moder- ate drinking made for inefficiency. The influence of al- cohol in the blood was evil. The functions of the blood were two-fold, viz., it carried nourishme' t to the or- gans, tissues, and the ultimate clls of Uie body, and brought back the waste material, d ad n-out material which must be got out of the system. Experiments and experience proved that alcohol in the blood interfered with this work. It prevented the body from being suitably nourished, and it prevented the oxidisation of the worn-out and and dead tissues. In other words, it hindered nutrition and the cleansing of the body. Generally, fat was the result of imperfect oxidisation. There was a wonderful defensive system in the human hody. The white cells in the blood constituted a kind of standing army. a standing police, and they were watching the coast. The.ir great object was to keep awav the enemy. They were alert and vigor- oil, Alcohol, even in very small doses, inter- human system not only more liable to take disease. diseases the microbe got a firmer hold and grip it the patient were a drinker than if he were a total ab- stainer. Kansas was a Prohibition State. Out of 100,000 deaths in Kansas the percentage from tuber- culosis was 64. and in other States, 149; from pneu- monia. S5 in Kansas and 132 in other States; and from Bright's diseases 64 in Kansas and 92.5 in other States. When these diseases reached organisms free from alco- hol there were less fatalities. Alcohol rendered the human svstem not only more liable to take disease, -but il.,o less able to throw it off. When the in- vader broke through the defences which Providence had given them, then the white cells made for the place where the enemy had got in, and grappled with the enemv. In a sense, it might be said that the enemv could only get in over the dead bodies of the white cells. The fact which emerged was that, where alcohl was taken, disease was more easily able to en- ter the human hotly, and, gaining an entrance, the power of the human body to drive the enemy out was less than if a man were a total abstainer. Disease en- trenched became master of the situation. Proceeding, Dr. Rawlings drew upon his experiE'nee as a honorary physician of Swansea Hospital, with which his associ- ation began in 1871, showing how, as a result of his long experience, he had arrived at his present con- clusions. People would and did die, but he was quite sure that many would not die at the time they did it they were not given alcohol. This he illustrated by a reference to the United Kingdom General and Temper- ance Provident Society, an assurance association which has two sections—one for total abstainers and the other for moderate drinkers In the general section, the number of deaths expected in 49 years was 17,587, and the actual number was 16,131, a percentage of 91. ?r the same period, the deaths expected in the t,em- neran" ce were 14 ?'7. and the actual number was 10.298, H? ?cen?e of 69 In view of those figures and the facts pre?ntcd along with many others which could 1) resented. there w?s no escape from the c0"c1^1^ that their ideals were practicable, and that, if their country became a total abstaining country, there would he a wonderful rise in the scale of e.mcieney. would be freer from disease, and people would live longer healthier and more happily.
The Late Mrs. A. l. Careless. PROPOSED MEMORIALS AT LLANDRINDOD WELLS. Deeply touched by the high and general esteem in which hi. late wife was held, Major A. L Careless of th?SW.B.. who is at present home on furlough from India, proposes to perpetuate her memory, through their son (M??ter Paget CarelMs). by suhst?ant. gift,? to each of the churches in the town, mctud? tn? the Hov.ev Baptist Church. The proposal seems an ex- ceedingly suitable and appropriate one, as ?th?e .tat? Mrs Can !? had m?nv friends in all the churches, m the work of each of which she showed practical 1"fc"es^1 s-verti occa-ion< The announcement ha.s been com- munieated to the clergy and ministers of the town, and it has awakened feelings of warm gratitude. The exact form of the .several memorials has been kindly left to the discretion of the several churches who. in due course, will communicate their intentions to Major Cardess, Major Careless is also conferring with the managers of the Council School (of which -.Nlr,, Careles-, was a greatly valued manager) as to some suitable memorial there.
An engagement is announced between the Rev. Gerard Leigh Bourdillon, actin, chaplain. Royal Navy. and Cara Phyllis, third daughter of the late Com- mander Algernon Evan-Thomas. R.N., Caerwnon. Builth Wells.
HAVE CURED WILL CURE YOU. Robt. Eades. of WTeybridge, writes :1 bought a box yesterday, and after I had taken the second two I felt better than I had done for over four years. The pain in my back was entirely gone." Mrs King, Runwell Road, Wickford, states :Duty compels me to tell all who s<'<fe<; that me after years of pain." HOLDROYD'S BHRYM. PILLS, a positive cure for Gravel, Pains in the Back, PtU-S Bright's Disease of the Kidneys, G< Sciatica, ]/U all Chemists. Post fr", 12 sta.mps.-?HO?LDRO?YD ?S MEDICAL HALL, Cleckheatoo.
Concert at Knighton. I SIR FRANCIS EDWARDS PRESIDES. The annual concert in connection with Victoria Road Baptist Sunday School took place in the Drill Hall on Friday evening, and the success of the effort will com- pare very favourably with that of past years. The event is always looked forward to with keen interest, and the large audience which filled the hall at the time an- nounced for commencing, consisted, not only of the lead- ing residents of the town, but of persons who had come from all parts of the surrounding district. A good muster of convalescent soldiers and attendants from the V.A.D. hospitals were also present. Sir Francis' Edwards, M.P., who presided, gave a brief, bright address, but stated at the commencement, that he felt compclle-d to touch a note of sadness. He had been, asked to preside at the concert, which should > have been held a few weeks ago, but had to be post poitca owing to the regretted death of one of the priti cipal workers in the school, the late Mr Wm. Lewis. H (the speaker) felt very grieved to hear of the sad eve) and lie was sure he jvas expressing the feelings of a who knew him, when he said they were all deeply sorr. to lose Mr Lewis from their midst. "Our sympathy." said Sir Francis, "goes out to Mrs Lewis, and to her gallant son, who is now serving his country, so far away from his home." There were representatives of the British Army in the audience, continued the speak- er, some frmn the Upper House (No. 1 hospital), and some from the lower (No. 2 hospital. The Cottage). He belonged to the lower house. He did not like to wish them a "speedy" recovery, because it might lead them to think he wished to get rid of them, which was by no mean, the case. He was glad to see them in the hall, but he hoped they would recover and that their recovery would be a perfectly satisfactory one. Among other matters, the chairman dealt briefly with the War Savings Scheme, and spoke of the splendid results of efforts which were being made in other parts of the county. He was glad the day schools in Knighton had taken up the War Savings Certificates, and that assoc- iations had been formed, and he had heard with much pleasure that Victoria Road Church intended to have an association. He hoped all the other churches would follow the example set. and that there would be many associations in the town. Why should not adults have an opportunity of saving their money? He advised all who could to join an association and so get the maximum advantage to be derived from the scheme. An attractive programme containing nineteen items had been provided, and was rendered in a matter credit- able to the artistes and delightful to the audience. Under the baton of Mr W. E. Hughes, the choir, assist- ed by friends, sang the part-songs. "Rest. soldier, rest" (Roberts), and "How sweet the moonlight sleeps" (Les- lie), with that beauty and variety of expression which always characterises their efforts, and were listened to with profound interest. The children's choirs, which had been carefully trained by Miss Marion Davies, a" 1 have always been among the programme's? strongest «i- tractions, gave pleaing renderings of three songs: "Wc? Red Cross Nurses," the girls; action ong. "Tiie jolly waggoners." the box,?, and the action song, "Goc?d night," the children. These were done in character, with suitable dresses, and received well-deserved "en- cores" the last-named song, being capable of much variety, caused a good deal of amusement. Misis M. Bennett and Master E. Baker excelled in the humorous duet, "Where are you going to. my pretty maid," the questions and answers being clearly given and the duet parts were very harmonious. Miss Gwen Felton. a little girl (accompanied by Miss Deacon), delighted the audience with a perfect rendering of the solo, for which she had been awarded the prize at Newtown eisteddfod, "What will you do, love?" Unfortunately. Miss Ethel Pugh (whor-e namk, was on the programme), was unable to be present owiiil, to the illness of near relatives, but her place was filled by Master Hector James, the eleven- year-old son of Mr T. L. James, the popular Llandrindod choir conductor. The boy sang "Killarney" with a mar. vellously clear and spirited expression, and in response j to an outburst of applause from his audience he gave th. song. "Flee as a bird." The solos "Home that, is calling for me," and "Sink. red sun," by Miss 1f. Tho. mas: "When you come home," Miss M. Davies: "The sailor's grave," Mr T. L. James: "Stars of the summer night." and "Waft her angel. Mr W. E. Hughes, as well as the duet, "Love and War," bv Messrs. Hughes and R. Davies, were well received. The last-named ar- tiste. who has for several years, assisted at these con- torts. has lost none of his popularity (judging by the re- ception accorded to him), nor does it seem likely that he will, and his songs "The deathless armv," and "Drake j goes west." brought rounds of applause, 'to which he re- sponded with "The Randalero," and "Up for Somerset." 1Ir Davies' recitation of the poem "If we only knew," may truly be characterised as "fine sentiment, finely ex- pressed." The accompanists were were Miss D. Prince and Miss M. Davids. The pastor proposed a vote of thanks to tITe chairman, and the entertainment closed with the National Anthem, after which quantities of buns were distributed among the scholars. These W T^ given by M'rs Lewis, High Street, in accordance with a wish expressed by her late. husband a little time be- fore-his death.
— I Cefn-Coed Adventure The suspected perpetrator of the Cefn Coed window- smashing outrages has added vet another escapade to hi-, alleged "achievements." On Tuesday he was re- ctoved to the Merthyr. Workhouse Infirmary. On Fri- day he escaped. Scaling a high wqll. he dropped into a churchyard odioinins and made off in the direction of Penydarren. and eventually -reached his home at Cefn. ITe made tea, and subsequently departed, remarking th;tt lie was going hacl, to the Infirmary. He cr0S,;pd 11 brook about a quarter of a mile above the Cefn bridce. and. travelling by way of the Gurnos Farm, landed back at the Infirmary before darkness set in.
j A Puritan Greeting Original Drawing by Hy. Collet ￼ i ?.?? PURITAN SOAP pure by name and pure by nature Mad* by Thomas, Bristol, Soapmakcrs for nigh 200 years. 189W
Brecon School Attendance. MAYOR'S WARNING TO PARENTS. LARGE NUMBER OF PROSECUTIONS. A number of school attendance cases were heard at the Brecon police court, on Monday, when parents were summoned for not sending their children to school regularly. The bench comprised the Mayor and Messrs. H. C. Rich and W. J. Nott. Mr A. Leonard (secretary) appeared and stated the facts on behalf of the Education Authority. The bench considered the cases together. Wm. Rees. Maendu Court. Brecon. was the first de- fendant, who was summoned for not sending his daugh- ter, Ada Rees, 13 years of age, to school.—Mr A. Leon- ard stated that the girl had not been to school since January. She had missed 54 times, and had he-en ab- sent from January 9th to February 14th.—Mrs Rees appeared and said she kept the girl at home because she was suffering with rheumatism, and because she thought the girl was old enough to leave school. The Mayor, addressing Irs Rees. said, "You have taken your girl away from school two months before time, and you have no right to do SQ, a$ it is illegal. You will be fined 10/ Defendant was allowed time to pay. Edward Brown, Silver Street, was summoned in re- spect of his daughter, Lily.-Mr Leonard said the child had not been to school since June 2nd. rp till Christ- ina. however, he admitted she was ill. The doctor at- tending the girl had informed him at the end of Decern- bert last that the child was fit to attend school. He had since asked defendant to let the child he examin- ed by the school medical officer. and later by the county medical officer, but he-had refused.—Defendant stated that the child was very weak and unable to at- tend school. The Mayor (to defendant): I am rather surprised at your conduct. You have had a very good education yourself and you ought to know the value of it. The bench order you to pay 5/ The eaise of E. T. Griffiths. Newmarch Street, Brecon, next came on for hearing. Ir Leonard said that the girl. Eliza Griffiths, had recently been withdrawn from school and sent out into employment. She had not been to school since the 5th February. Fined 10. The case of Dd. Watkins. Silver Street, Brecon, was first adjourned, but afterwards Mrs Watkins appeared and the ease was heard forthwith. Mr Leonard stated that the boy had lost 30 per cent. of his marks. Mrs Watkins said her husband and several of her children were ill, and that was the reason she had kept the boy at home. The Mayor said they were sorry to hear of her husband's illness, but it was a serious offenee. and she must pay a fine of 5/ Mrs Watkins was given a month to pai. Employer Summoned. Pte. Blake, Moderator Terrace, the employer of Eliza" Griffiths, was also summoned. Mr Leonard said the child had been employed by defendant while she should have been in school. Defendant-aid on the 3rd Inst, the girl applied for the situation, and he asked her how old she was, to which she lvplied that she was 14, and said that the schoolmaster had told lier she could leave when she got employment. On another occa-sion she said she wa-s not yet 14, and defendant then gave her a week's notice. The chairman said that, in view of defendant's ignor- ance of the girl's age, they would take a lenient view of the ease and dimliss it with a caution. S. A. Lloyd. Newgate Street, was next summoned for not sending his child to school. The boy had only at- tended 110 times out of 265. The Mayor: Mrs Lloid is an old acquaintance of this court, and we order her to pay a fine of 10 Mayor's Warning. The Mayor said that keeping children away from >choo! was a very serious matter, as the Education, Authority -lost, "O:l1 thousands of pounds annually through children not attending school.. It was the duty of magistrates and others to do their best to cause children to attend school regularly. He hoped that the large number of cases before them that day would be a warning. They were doing children a great injustice by keeping them away from school. Mr A. Leonard said there was a growing tendency to think that, when a child was about 14, they could take them away from school. It was a tendency that he relied on the bench to put a stop to.
RDPTPRE. i The thing that robs you of health and of money, the thins that is a constant source of worry to you. No matter whether you wear a truss or not you would like the great Specialist's advice. If you cannot come to Swansea to consult Mr Rich, you can bring him to your home-to the privacy of your own bed- room-because Messrs. Rich, The Chemist, Ltd., have made arrangements, whereby a limited number of readers of this paper who are Rupture Sufferers may consult Mr Rich personally free of charge or by post. thus saving the time and expense of a visit to him. Here is the chance you have been waiting for-to get Specialists advice on your particular rupture with- out incurring a big fee. Mr Rich will impartially diagnose your case. and if a long sufferer the probability is your past treatment has been preventing instead of aiding a cure. Coupon for One Private Consultation-Free. I would like a free consultation with Mr Rich by post about my rupture. Kindly send me the form to fill in to give you particulars of my case. Name (Mr, Mrs or Miss) Address B.R.I. 30/11/16, Please write plainly and post to- RICH, THE CHEMIST, Ltd., 30, HIGH STREET, SWANSEA. I T. M.t ;i.S Rp .• nli;<r, Surlier) Fitt.-r, MemK-r ,»!'tli PhH;ni:>cuticai Soeiotv of Great Britain. Doa't Buv Truss without liivt eoii-ulting Mr RiGh.
We Hold a Splendid Selection of M. Davies & Son LONDON HOUSE (:eHI)' TAL GARTH. ——————————L———— ——————————MdotherW!n?erWear.SSH09!.CMTHMASfEC)4!.tn. ?'?Haa.vYii?p??A <? R?JnUHn Lt-VOMMOmON i HHUOUUUS!E ??Mar?ket H? at)?. ItHAL?GUAHRttItHn. 1 — IF YOUR CHILD does his lessons in the position 1 of the illustration above you I should lose no time in having his sight tested. His eyes are being I strained and his sight needs help. § With the heavy strain put 1 upon children during school-days 1 there are few who would not be I benefited by the help of scienti- g fically fitted glasses. If worndur- « ing school-life they can often ha 1 discarded later. If not, the strain 1 sometimes becomes chronic and I leaves permanent defect, I The greatest care is necessary | in testing children's sight. Our i methods are so exact and h:ised upon such recent discoverie in Optical Science that v. ? c::n | ensure the best possible re^iUs. i SIGHT TESTED DAILY, J It is the imperative duty of § parents not to neglect their § | children's sight. T. HAMMOND, Practical Optician and Jeweller, HIGH ST., BUILTH WELLS. OcuHsts Prescriptions accurately made up. 25 years' experience.
II BY "UNCLE TOM." I _-r Brecon, February 20th, 1917. My dear nephews and nieces.—I was very pleased to receive a long and interesting letter from one of my little nieces a few mornings ago. The niece in question was Miss Blanche Davies, Nantyscallen, Llanigon, near Hay. Blanche is only ten years of age, and I must con- gratulate her upon the excellent specimens of school work she enclosed for me to see. Her correction of some half-dozen sentences was exceedingly well done and so was the spelling of a variety of words, place-names, I people's names, etc. Writing too. was good with, per- t,fic ex(-eption of a few blind "e',s." Blanche also wrote two brief compositions for my perusal—one on the "Primrose" which we hope to see soon, and the other on "Soap," an article we should al- way have hy, The compositions read as folloA, "Soap is a most useful thing. We could not be clean without it. nor could we keep our houses and clot lies clean either. The best A-iiit-c sotp is made of tallow and soda. Some kinds of soap are made of palm-oil instead of tallow. Palm-oil comes from Africa. Some tallow is made in England and some comes, from South AmeTiea. Soda is made from salt. Soap is manufactured in many parts of England—particularly Bristol at Messrs. Christopher Thomas's." "The Primrose is one of the earliest wild flowers. It grows in woods or by the side of a brook. It is a beau- tinil. pale-yellow flower. Each flower grows on a separ- ate stalk, and has five yellow leaves or petals, partly joined together. Its root is not like that of the crocus. It is like a bunch of string and is called a fibrous root, The soft, velvety, pale-green lea vets of the plant grow out from the root, and have no stem. The buttercup looks something like a primrose in form, but is very different when we compare them." Don't forget that February's essay-competition closes on Saturday. With sincerest regards to you all. Yours affectionate UNCLE TOM.
Tricks of tha Trade. î THE ART OF PARODY. Johnson's dictum about pastoral poetry, that most j of it, is "eas" v, vulgar, and therefore disgusting," might he applied to parody; but Mr .1. C, Squire whose "Tricks of the Trade" (Martin Keeker) is just out would escape the censure. The art of parody is as old as the hills. One has only to mention The Rattle of the Frogs, and Mice, a travesty of the heroic epos to demonstrate its antiquity. This parody which has been ascribed to Homer himself is probably at least as old as the 5th century. Even Shakespeare parodied the extravagant heroics of an earlier stage, while Marston's humorous burlesque Venus and Adonis is a mimetic travesty of Shakespeare himself. -Nir J. (,. Squire like that Prince of Parodists C. S. Calverley can not only easily repro- duce the rhyme and rythm, but even the manneristic turns of thought. There is something subtle in the verse of Sir Henry Xewbolt which almost defies re- production. Mr Squire however has learnt the trick. "It \lit' eight I",lIs in the forenoon and hammocks running sleek, (It's a fair sea flowing from the West), When the little Commodore came availing up the Creek (Heave Ho! I think you'll know the rest). i ThuiKlir in the halyards and horses leaping high, Blake and Drake and Nelson are listenin' where they lie, Four and twenty blackbirds a-bakin' in a pie, And the Pegasus came waltzing from the West." There you have the Newbolt lilt reproduced to a Hied" His Xo. 4. Mr John Minefield is a masterly repro- duction of that poet and were it not for the evident one have a difficulty in believing that it was not the work of Ma.etield himself. Not only does Mr Squire reproduce with humorous effect, but his parodies may be said to have a critical value. The foibles, literary conceits, manneristic turns are shown up in parody as well as they could be in a cirtical lec- ture. Mr W. H. Davies the docile poet of the green grass and fat sheep is done to a turn. Other targets for the mimetic shaft are Mr Chesterton, Canon Rawns- ley, Mr Wells, and G. 11. S. Where there is such good fare it would be almost invidious to select any for special mention, but a few words must be written of N o. e, "If Gray had had to write his elegy in the cemetery of Spoon River instead of in that of Stoke Poges." This is really an excellent number. Mr Edgar Lee Masters in the Spoon River anthology reienttessfly revealed to us the lift history of the people who lie in in the cemetery of Spoon River, and Mr Squire has in- vested it with the style and muse of Cray. "The curfew tolls flic kill II of parting day. The whippoorwill salutes the rising moon. And wanly glimmer in her gentle ray. The' Muuoiis windings of the turpid Spoon. Here where the. flattering and mendacious swarm Of lying epitaphs, their secrets keep, At iast incapable of further harm i The lewd forefathers of the village sleep. The earliest drug of half-awakened morn. Cocaine or hashish, strychnine, poppy seeds Or fiery produce of fermented corn Xo more shall start them on the day's misdeeds. Full many H, vice is born to thrive unseen. Full many a crime the world does not discuss, Full many a pervert live- to reach a green Replete old age, and so it was with us. In the second part of the book, "How they would have done it," there are many good things e.g., "If Words- worth had written The Everlasting Mercy." "If Mr "Masefield had written Casabianca." "If Pope had writ- ten "Break, Break, Break," etc. I W,- can thoroughly recommend this little book during a leisure hour in these days of stress and strain. i
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DRINK AND THE WAR. Sir,—Your correspondent. "Cymro," claims that he has been set thinking by the letter of "A Voice from Wales." It seems to me that this must be a very un- usual exercise for him, a" the re-sult. of this thinking of his does not impress mt) very much. He accuses the temperance man of having failed to grasp the true situation, but "Cymro" has not only failed to grasp it, but ha^> not the least notion what the true situation is. He fails to see any further than his favourite glass of beer, which he seems to take "occasionally." To treat this large and urgent question in this paltry way > hows a total absence of a sense of proportion and a ,.iminal disregard for the highest interests of the ition. Must the nation perish in order that "Cymro" ,d his tribe may get their alcoholic stimulants., One of his friends of the brewing industry recently boasted that the people of England would rather lose the war than do without their beer! I refuse to credit such a libellous statement to be true of Britishers, except in the ca'e of a small minority of the type of "Cymro." According to Lord Devonport, it is now a case of "bread versus beer," and we know that the British nation will not tolerate the wholesale destruction of food for the manufacture of alcohol. I would advise i "Cymro" to think and to get out of his small sheU. He pretends to know all about "real small shell. by which. I suppose, he means moder- temperance, definition of temperance does not agrt?? ation. My definition of temperance dœs not agree- with his. I define it to be moderation in that which is good, and total abstinence from that which is evil. I maintain that the drinking of alcohol, even in moder- j ation, is evil, not only because it injures individuals, but because it entails the establishment of drinking dens, whose collective power for evil is incalculable, Let me give him an example of what prohibition has accomplished. Toronto, Canada, is the largest city in the American continent that has adopted prohibition, and it has a population of half a million people. The business men of Toronto declare that their stores do three times the business which they did before the city became "dry." o idle men are in evidence, and poverty is reduced to the minimum. The children are all weil housed and fed, which was not the case when the saloons were at work. Dees "Cymro" think that improved conditions such as these are not desirable in Britain, and that we can alTord to ignore the blessings of prohibition? Let "Cymro" feel assured that the I temperance of the so-called "cranks" is bound to sue- ceed. It is* winning great triumphs in the rnited States, in Canada, and other British colonies, and has become a force to be reckoned with even in this coun- try. All pioneers of thought and action have been dubbed cranks by unimaginative nonentities. In that glorious company stands Columbus. Galileo, Lincoln, and others of the mighty. Let "Cymro" study the | question intelligently and have regard to higher con- siderations than the dictates of his appetite for strong drink, and. perhaps, he may come to wiser conclusions, Yours. &c., Brynllys. D. REES.
The record in motor tyre life 11a" probably been reached by a "Clincher Cross" cover which ha.s been in use by Mr C. Collins, of South Bank. Nottingham, and his 16/20 Fiat limousine for over 12.000 miles. Is more needed to prove the superiority of Britsih tyr"'?