￼ of Warm Coats, ￼ Furs, Blouses, Boys' and Men's ￼ ￼ ￼ Autumn Has Come! Duggan's, BuiKh Ms. -?- — ,??.?_ ?.?.?_?. _? ?<L.? petils Of us TIS T0 ward off throat and 11\ I chest perils everyone A Vi needs PEPS. The air-like i if medicine that comes from a 11 rablet is breathed straight (f || into the luugs. Old folks, jji » whose chests are torn by the §F !Î hacking cough of bronchitis | Ijif k get immediate relief from Peps. u r Soothing, comfort, and strength w to resist cold and damp are conveyed J ? to every part of the bronchial n m tubes and lungs. Inflammation set [A f| up by a sudden chill is allayed and If f# Peps also help Nature to repair |<| tf the injury caused by incessant -I ft coughing and sneezing. Pep9 get l there" direct in a natural way. 14 Ol\ Ii V \i"'f '¡' Fjr,lH I I ( l' I r I r&:2ê'SC-") 'fI .>«<\ By giving Peps to the children g whenever the weather threatens a I cough or cold, or when hoarseness J I indicates soreness in the throat, the 12 I danger will be averted at once. If ft Peps make weak-chested children 1\ strong and keep at bay Whooping U Cough, Croup, Sore Throat, Bron- II ij ahitis, Pleurisy and Pneumonia. fit if ¡ Peps are freo from harmful drugs. r.
Llandovery Eisteddfod. MUSICAL AND LITERARY COMPETITIONS. Llandovery eisteddfod, under the presidency of Mrs M. Williams (The Grange), proved a great success, ?d the proceeds were divided between the town recep- J'°n fund for returned soldiers and the comforts fund of '"? local Red Cross Fund. Adjudicators were:—Music, Mr Gwilym R. Jones, Ammanford; literature, Rev. Evan "?vies. Gwaun-cae Gurwen: ambulance Dr. Morgan, y!andoverv; and conductors, Revs. Evan Da vies and E. enkins, Cilycwm. Chief awards were- Soprano solo, "0 Gymru Wen."—Miss Blodwen Lloyd Williams, Gwalia House, Llandovery. Tenor solo, "Baner Ein Gwlad."—Mr J. C. Jones, Glas- r.vn, Llandovery. Chief choral, "Dyddiau dyn syddu fel glaswelltyn. t *Jansadwrn (conducted by Mr W. Williams). Party of sixteen mixed voices, "Sonen Bethlehem. j'ivided between "Bryn" and "Gorwydd" parties, both rom Llandovery. Contralto solo, "0 Llefara, addfwyn Iesu."—Miss x Mnry Williams, High Street, Llandovery. Penillion singing.-Mr John Evans. Cwmgorse. Amhulance competition. lst, Llandovery Station "Quad: 2nd, Pontardulais Squad. Essay on "Vicar Pritchard."—Rev. 1). J. Howells, Llan- "overy. A (lover.Ni-?I)ioii recitation (own setection).—?st. Miss Miriam *'?ans. Ctanamman: 2nd, "Brycheinog," Brecon.
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| BY "UNCLE TOM." j x s-Nt Brecon, November 14th, 1916. My dear nephews and nieces,-I have again to con- gratulate Miss Eleanor G. Evans (Upper Chapel) on her top-most position. Eleanor is a very clever girl and hard to beat. She still earns praise for her neat and careful writing, and her intelligence is of an exceptionally high standard for a girl of twelve. There were no spel- ling errors in the composition, but Eleanor lost a few more marks in English than usual through repetitions, difficult to avoid, in the first paragraph of her essay. She succeeded, however, in giving a good list of bridges, but showed a better knowledge of her own county than of Radnorshire. Eleanor must look farther afield and get a wider outlook. She introduced some useful infor- mation about various bridges, and displayed a possess- ion of historical facts. Eleanor also goes about with her eyes open, for, she was, in some cases, able to give the number of arches to the spans of the bridges. Her selection of terms was very apt here and there, and Eleanor will become a good descriptive writer by-and- bye, especially if she reads the right books and magaz- ines. I shall refer to the work of the second prize-winner in next issue, and now wish to call the attention of my nephews and nieces to a very interesting, and by no means difficult, competition for the present month. I remain, Your affectionate. I UNCLE TOM.
BRIDGES OF BRECON AND RADNOR. First-Prize Essay. The bridges of Breconshire and Radnorshire are num- erous, but not many of them are of great importance. The chief bridges are the Usk bridge in the town of Brecon, the suspension bridge and the Wye bridge in Builth. the Wye bridge at Llyswen, the Tower bridge in Talgarth, Crickhowell bridge. Pontsarn bridge, the bridges over the Irfon at Llanwrtyd and Garth, the one at Sennybridge. the bridge at Newbridge-on-Wye, and the bridge near Rhayader over the Elan river. There are also a nuher of smaller bridges over the Wye which are of historical interest. The Usk bridge in Brecon is a large one with seven arches. The curious suspension bridge at Builth spans the beautiful river Irfon just above where it joins the ma- jectic Wye. This bridge, 100 feet in length, was the gift of the late Sir Joseph Bailey, M.P., to the inhabit- ants of Builth. The Tower bridge of Talgarth stretches over the river Enig. Crickhowell bridge has seven arches. It crosses the Usk at Crickhowell. Llyswen bridge spans the river Wye at Llyswen. The bridge at Senny-bridge is also a large bridge. This bridge forms a railway bridge, and, also. spans the river Senny. The Wye bridge in Builth has one end in Breconshire and the other in Radnorshire. The bridge at Orewyn, not far from Erwood. is of great historical interest, for, this bridge was held by eighteen gallont followers of our brave Prince Llewelyn against his enemies until they fell.-Eleanor G. Evans, The Council School, Upper Chapel near Brecon, aged 12. November Competition. Best answers to the following questionsi (1). Why is Llandrindod so popular? (2). Write what you can about Aberedw? (3). What is the length, depth and distance (round) Llangorse Lake? (4). Give the meanings of the place.names, Rhayader, Builth. Talgarth and Erwood? Open to elementary school-children in Brecon and Radnor. Include name, address, and age in your contribution. Marks will be given as followIntelligence, 160; English, 80; spelling, 80; and hand-writing, 80. Prizes.-Ist, 2/6; 2nd, 1/6; 3rd, 1/ The answers must also be the bonafide work of com- petitors themselves. The last day for receiving answers will he Thursday. November 30th, and these should be properly stamped and addressed to Uncle Tom, care of "Brecon and Rad- nor Express," Brecon.
) g? Breconshire Mystery i CRYXANT COLLIER'S VISIT TO CRAY. 1 The mysterious death of a young man, Idris Morgan (collier, Crynant), who was found dead on the side of a hrook near Cray, was investigated at an inquest held by Dr. W. R. Jones, the coroner for South Breconshire, on Wednesday. Catherine Morgan, the widow, said her husband left home on the previous Saturday and did not return. On Sunday she went to see deceased's friend, William Wil. liams. and asked him where he left her husband on Saturday night. Williams, who was surprised that he had not returned home, stated that they went to Cray together, and that he thought deceased had returned. Her husband was not fond of fishing. David Thomas, Twynnoyadd, Cray, said he found deceased dead on Mon- day morning on the river side. He was lying face down- wards about two or three yards from the water's edge. P.s. Morris stated that some little distance from de- ceased was a broken whisky bottle. William Williams, colliery repairer, Crynant. stated that he and deceased decided to go to Cray on Saturday to see witness's father. They arrived at Cray at 5.30, and went up the road about half-a-mile. Deceased turn- ed back. Witness did not go to his father's house, but went as far as Cray Mill, and turned back. On arriv- ing at the station he was too late for the train. He asked if a man had booked for Crynant, and he was answered in the affirmative, and he was satisfied it was deceased. Deceased was fairly sober. Witness had a bottle of whisky half-full. The Coroner: Did you not go to Cray with another object-that is, for salmon ?-Witness: No. we did not. Dr. Jeffreys stated there were no marks of violence on thu body, and. in his opinion, death was due to exposure. A verdict was returned accordingly.
Ystradgynlais Property. IMPORTANT SALES AT SWANSEA. Messrs. John M. Leeder and Son held a sale of free- held land and ground rents at the Hotel Cameron. Swan- sea, on the 3rd inst. The land was accommodation and building land known as Hen Noyadd farm. Ystradgynlais. A proportion only of the lots were sold, as follows Lots 1 to 5, including 13 freehold fields, about 25a. in extent, were sold together to Mr Thomas Jones for £ 1,100; Mr Evan Watkins gave £65 for a field, la., and a small plot of land adjoining. Lots 8. 9, and 10, com- prising 3 fields. 3a. 6p. in extent, were sold to Mr Kempth6rne for £ 272 10s. Freehold ground rents were also disposed of as follows:— £ 1 13s (id, to Mr Edward Morgan, for £ 43; 15/ Mr Rees Jones, £ 18; £ 1 4s, Mr J. S. Morgan, £ 31; C3 18s (on Ahercrave Co-operative Stores), the Co-operative Society for R97 10s; £1 7s 3d. Mr F. Taylor, 1935, C6 (on Ahercrave Council School, re- T-pr.ttion 82 vt1 iirs). Breconshire Colliery Company, R183 15s; 11/fi, Mr J. Watkins, £ 23: lis fid, Mr Powell, £24; £1108 6d, Mr 1). Roderick, R40, 12/3, Mr B. B. Williams, £ 15' £ 1 10s fid, Mr J. Watkins, £ 40; 91 148 M. Mr R. Watkins,. £ 44; 17/3, Mr Gravel. £ 24; 17/3, Mr b. R. Williams. 4C241. tl 6s, Mr 1). R. Williams,. £ 33; £ 2 Is, Mr Davies, £ 50; £1 15s 9d, Mr Rees Jones, £ 52 10s: fl 5s. Mr T. Williams. E33: 16/3, Mr Watkin Williams, 921. 10s: 17/11, Mr D. 19/10, Mr R. Morgan, £25; El 2s 9d. Mr D. S. Morgan, £ 3Q: £ 2 14s 7<1, Mr (.. Mor- gan, R80. Mr George Tudor, Brecon, was the solicitor. Messrs. John M. Leeder & Son, on the 3rd inst., held a sale of ground rents, etc.. forming part of Ynishydafe Estate. Ystradgynlais. A freehold g.r. of tl Os 9d on a house near Castle Hotel, sold for C25 to Mr Price, Maes- teg freehold g.r. of £18 on the Castle Hotel, with re- version in 221 years, sold to Mr Evans.Bevan. Seath. at £ 650; freehold g.r. of RS 8s on nineteen housepat Ynvs, reversion in 22?, vears, and a freehold g.r. of RI on a piece of land close hy, sold to Mr Williams. Penrhiw, for £ 390; freehold g.r. of £4 on nine houses and piece of land, Ynisisha ,to Mrs-M. Morgan for £185: freehold g.r. of f3 on nine houses adjoining reversion in 10-j years, to Mr C. B. Jenkins for £ 140; a freehold house. Bnll Villa, near the Castle Bridge, was sold to Mr Davies C Ahercrave Colliery) for The solicitor was Mr George Tudor, Breooa. <
i Talgafth Poultry Keepers! Are you pouring your profits down, your birds' throats, or using LIFO POULTRY MEAL and putting them in your pockets r LIFO POULTRY MEAL is 25 per cent. cheaper than biscuit meal, aud gives better results. Can be used wet or dry mash. Use Lifo and make your poultry pay. LIFO costs 1/5 per 71b. bag, or 18/- per cwt. SOLD BY- EVANS STORES, j HIGH-CLASS GROCERS, TALG-AR'I'H.
w Pantydwr Treat. SCHOOL-CHILDREN ENTERTAINED. EDUCATIONAL VALUE OF THE COOKERY VAN. On Thursday last. in the Assembly Hall, Pantydwr. the children of St. Harmons and Nantgwyn School, to. gether with their teachers and parents, the pupils of the cookery class (with Miss Randall), the old people of the district and a large number of friends, were enter- tained to tea by Mrs Richard Hughes, London House. Rhayader. A good number arrived by the train from Rhayader, and by 3.30 quite a large number had as- sembled in the spacious hall. Three large tables were laid out and presided over by the following ladies: Mrs Vaughan. Alltgoch (assisted by the Misses Watkins and M. Lewis), Mrs Pugh, The Manse (assisted by the Misses R. Lewis, G. George and E. Powell), and Mrs E. W. Jones, Garmon View (assisted by Mrs Rees and the Misses M. Powell and M. Ingram). Mrs Ingram, Mrs Lewis and Miss C. Watkins were in charge of supplies "at the base of operations," whilst Mrs Evans and Mr T. Lewis were in the "firing line" keeping the tea hot. Mr R. Hughes, C.C., and Mr J. R. Ingram took care that all partook of the excellent spread. The children marched from the van to the hall, headed by their in- structress (Miss Randall). After tea, a large number sat down and listened with rapt attention to an excellent programme gone through by the Pantydwr Party and friends. Mr Ed. Price ably presided, pointing out the kindness shown to the children, and, also, speaking highly of the sweet singing and the tip-top style ich the reciters had acquitted themselves. During the programme, Mr Councillor Hughes pre- sented each pupil of the cookery class with a beauti- ful book, and prizes were also collected from friends in the neighbourhood. Mr E. W. Jones was called upon to give the adjudi- cation. and, in his remarks, pointed out the importance of training voung girls in cooking, etc., and further stated that it had been a great pleasure to him to pay a vtsit to the van in working hours and to see the pupils so diligent in their endeavours to please their mistress. He also considered they were greatly indebted to the County Council for their thoughtfulness in establishing the van, and, in his opinion, the council were very for- tunate in securing the services of Miss Randall. The adjudication was as follows --Nant ,vyn School- Competition keen, first prize Mati la Le vis and Annie Evans, 2nd Agnes Lewis, and 3rd, Agnes Jones. Bwlch- sarnau School—1st prize Edsie Edwards, 2nd Mary Pugh, and 3rd, Annie Powell. A special prize was also given-to all the other pupils who failed by only a narrow mar- gin. Mrs Vaughan, Mrs Hughes, Mrs Pugh and Mrs E. W. Jones presented the prizes. Miss Randall also received a souvenir from the Misses Peggy and Jen Jones, Garmon View. The former presented the books. The chairman proposed a hearty vote of thanks to Mr and Mrs Hughes for the grand treat that the company received that afternoon, and this was seconded by Miss Warrington. Mr Hughes responded, and, in a lengthy speech, urged the children of the different schools to attend regularly. He also proposed a hearty vote of thanks to the tea-makers and able assistants for the excellent way they had carried out the arrangement*, and further to the magnificent way the singers, accom- panists and reciters had gone through their work-also, to the trustees for the use of the hall, which he con- sidered was a great boon to the neighbourhood. Mr Hughes also proposed a hearty vote of thanks to the chairman, who so ably filled the chair. This was seconded hy Miss Randall in a neat speech, thanking the inhabitants for the way they had treated her during her visit at Pantydwr. The programme was as follows :-Anthem, "Hear my cry, 0 Gcd," the party; recitation (selected), Miss Clara Watkin: song, Miss Jones. Rhayader: recitation, "The Day," Mr Bert Lewis; trio, Messrs. Rees, Lewis and Meredith: recitation. Mrs Hughes, Rhayader; sing, "City of the Jasper Wall," the party; recitation, "The Dream of Pilate's Wife," Miss M. Powell; trio, Messrs Rees. Lewis and Meredith; recitation, "A Leap for Life," Mr H. Rees: song, Miss Hamer, Rhayader; distribution of prizes: and singing, "Mizpah," the party. Mr E. W. Jones conducted the party, and the accom- panists were Miss Hamer (Rhayader) and Miss Ingram (Pantydwr).
Radnorshire Urgency Committee I SUPPORTS RENEWAL OF SUMMER-TIME. I Ald. C. C. Rogers presided at a meeting of the Urgency Committee of the Radnorshire County Council on Fri- day. when the salary of Mrs R. M. Morgan, B.A., who is doing her husband's work at the County School af Llan- drindod Wells in his absence on Army service, was fixed at R120 per annum. The Headmaster of Presteign County School reported the resignation of Miss Pugh, assistant-mistress, and he was instructed to take the necessary steps for filling the vacancy. A letter was read asking the County Council if they could spare any men for road-making in France, but it transpired that the county road surveyor was now exceedingly short of labour, and that it was impossible for him to release any more men. The Home Office wrote asking for the views of the council with regard to the renewal of the Summer-Time Act in 1017, and it was unanimously agreed to reply in favour of its renewal. It was decided to allow a gas stove for the evening. cookery lessons at Llandrindod Wells. circular was read asking for the observations of the committee with regard to education after the war, but the chairman stated that that was a matter which would require careful thought and consideration.
(l It is the I fM olive oil in PURITAN SOAPwhich saves the D clothes. M. 181
Rhayader and the Red Cross. I SUCCESSFUL SALE. I A successful sale took place on fair day (Friday), in aid of the funds of the Rod Cros.s at Rhayader. A strong committee had been formed to make the arrangements, the chairman being Mr II. P. Lewis, C.C., J.P., treasurer. Mr J. Roberts, hon. secretaries, Mr Jarman and Mr Llew Davies. The first part of the sale took place in the Cocks Field, Mr Jarman being the auctioneer. Miss Prickard had kindly promised to open it, which she did expertly, delivering an interesting address. In the afternoon Mr R. A. Campbeti, F.I.A., sold the remainder by the Market Hall, an egg realising about 911. The farmers had given of their stocks generously. Sub- scriptions also had been collected in the town and neigh. bourhood, and here again the response was equally gener- ous. Young ladies were busy with. collecting boxes and flags during the day, the whole proceeds realising about £200. The prize winners for guessing the weight of a sheep, whose weight was 93 lbs., were Mr J. Roberts, whose guess wa s931 II)s. Jones. Dyffryn, 93 tbs. and Mr Evans. Natitymei;tyll, Ibs.
Brecon Town Council. I The Lighting Arrangements. CHRISTMAS BRKET. Besides the election of Mayor, there was very little business at the Brecon Town Council last Thursday. A letter was read from the Lord Lieutenant asking snpport to the national movement in aid of the Anglo- Russian hospital at Petrograd. The matter was left in the hands of the Mayor to arrange a flag-day for the purpose. Mr James Morgan, a member of the local tribunal, wrote asking the council to appoint another member to the tribunal in the place of Mr C. J. E. Large, now on military service. Mr David Powell moved that the Ex-Mayor (Mr G. T. Jones) be appointed, since he took it that the new Mayor would act as chairman of the tribunal. Mr E. A. Wright seconded, and this was agreed to. The medical officer reported that during October nine (L'aths were notified, equal to a rate of 18.3 per 1,000. Christmas Market. Mr E. M. Meredith moved that the Christmas poultry market he held on the Thursday prior to Christmas Dav. Mr Parry de Winton suggested Friday. Mr E. A. Wright said that would he very short for people sending poultry away. especially now with the lessened facilities due to the war. 3ir Hest supported Thursday. Mr David Powell said that in future it would be well to get the opinion of the Chamber of Trade in this matter. The Town Clerk said in 1905 and 1911, when Christmas Day fell' on a Monday, the markets were held on the Thursday. Thursday was decided upon. The Town Lights. The Lighting Committee reported that in compliance with an Order made under the Defence of the Realm Act, 141 out of 185 public lights were now not lit, and that the directors of the Gas Company proposed to make allowance for the lamps not lit at the rate of £35 for the summer quarters and zC70 for the winter quarters. The committee fully considering the legal aspect of the case recommended the council to accept the offer, and order payment of last quarter's bill, less £ 20, being the proportion of the zC35 allowance for the lamps not lit from the 7th August. Mr Meredith proposed the adoption of the report, re- marking that the committee thought the council were being treated very fairly by the Gas Company. It would be a saving to the rates, but he liopeo the time would not be far distant when thev would see all the lamps lit again. (Hear, hear.) At the Works Committee it was suggested that the lamp post and telephone posts should be whitened at the bottom, and he hoped this would be carried out, for, no doubt, some accidents had already happened owing to the darkness, and this would lie a precaution. Mr Best, seconding, said he thought the arrangement come to with the Gs Company was on the whole very satisfactory. The report was adopted.
Well-Known Farmer. THE LATE MR. EVAN WATSON, J.P., KINNERTON. We regret to record the death of Mr Evan Watson, .J.P., Kinnerton Court. Mr Watson who was a well- known farmer and public man passed away on Sunday, i November 5th. at the age ofj8 years. He was a Jus- tice of the Peace for Radnorshire, and had, during his career, served the county in different capacities. For a long period he was a member of the old Board of Guardians, a County Councillor, a member of the Rural District Council, and also a Commissioner of Taxes. Mr Watson was a faithful member and steward of the Wesleyan Chapel at Kinnerton where he will be greatly missed. The funeral took place on Thursday, November '9th, at Kinnerton Church, the Rev. T. Lloyd, Rector of Old Rad- nor, officiating in the church and at the graveside. Pre- vious to the cortege leaving the house a service was held when the Rev. G. Bullock, Presteign, read appr". priate portions of Scripture, the Rev. W. Standle, Kington, offered prayer, and the Rev. H. Rees, Nl Radnor, made certain announcements in regard to tJ. Memorial Service to the late Mr Watson to be held' Od the following Sunday. The chief mourners included the following:—Mr and Mrs J. Watson, Cascob (son and daughter-in-law); Mr and Mrs J. Watson, New Radnor (son and daughter-in-law); The Misses Watson, Kinner- ton Court (daughters); Mr R. Watson, Withington (son); Mr and Mrs Heber Watson, Upper House (son and daughter-in-law); Mr Watson, Hymns (nephew): Mr D. Watson, Beech Grove (nephew); Mr J. Watson, Badland (nephew); Mr J. B. Watson, The Rack (nephew); Miss C. Watson, Kinnerton (niece); Mr J. Kinsey, Hoddell; Mr E. Kinsey, Whitton Court; Mr T. Kinsey, Kington; Mr J. Watkins, Stormer Hall, Leintwardine: Mr and Mrs Price, Crump Oak: Mrs Price, Mansel Lacy; Mrs Price, Leominster; Mr and Mrs Price, Fisbpools, Bled- dfa: Mr and Mrs Gordon Price, Fpper 'sipool?. Bleddfa. Floral tributes were sent by the following:- The Misses Watson. Mr and Mrs Heber Watson. All at Court House. Mr and Mrs Watson. New Radnor. T. and M. Price, Woodville. Mr D. Watson. From all at the Bach. Mr and Mrs Watson, Badland. Mr and Mrs T. Meredith. Kinnerton. Mr and Mrs Davies Ednoll. Mr and Mrs Gailev, Woodville Major Thompson, Newcastle Court. Mr and Mrs Phillips, Field's Stile. Mr and Mrs Pugh, Clun. J. Davies and family, Blacksmith's Shop. Mr and Mrs Jones, Yonkin. Mr and Mrs Griffiths, Post Office, Evenjobb. Mr J. Watkins and family, Stormer Hall. Mr J. E. Morris Church House. From all at the Rack. All at the Shop. All at Illington. Mr and Mrs Jones, Kinnerton Common. The funeral was a very large one and included the follow- ing well-known local residents:—Messrs J. Welson, The Bank, Hergest; L. T. Turner, Kinnerton; T. Lewis, Bar- land; T. Meredith, J.P., Kinnerton: W. Evans, Court Farm, Evenjobb; E. Lewis, Vronganllwyd; E. Pugh, Clun; Lewis, Vrongoch; Mr and Mrs Clee, Foesidoes: Mr and Mrs Davies, Ednoll; T. and D. Mills, The Bach; T. Mills, Vron, New Radnor: Davies, Hangenheld; T. Gailey, Hillside; J. P. Lingen, New Radnor; R. Croose, Huntington; A. Jones, Gladestr.v: E. G. Gittoes, New Radnor; Henry Hope, New Radnor; J. Davies, Black- smith. Kinnerton, and others.
Penybont Farmers' Union. 11 PROPOSED JUMBLE SALE. A general meeting of the Penybont Branch of the Farmers' Union was held at the Severn Arms Hotel, Penybont, on Thursday evening. Mr J. W. Owens, J.P., Llanevan, presided over a fair attendance. Mr Owens was unanimously re-elected as chairman, and Mr T. R. Pryce (Great Cellws) as secretary. The collectors were re-appointed and fresh names added to the list. The financial statement showed a balance of a little over jM in hand. Mr J. P. Griffiths, general secretary of the Brecon and Radnor Farmers' Union, gave an interesting resume of the work of the Union during the current year. The question of holding a sale for the Red Cross and other patriotic funds was fully discussed, and it was decided to hold a sale early in the New Year, and a committee was appointed to make the necessary arrange- ments. The committee was authorised to add others to their numbers, and, also, to send out collecting books. Mr .1. Hamer, C.C., J.P., was asked to act as chairman of the committee, and he kindly consented to do so. The general secretary dealt with the wool question, explaining the present position. A good deal of discus- sion followed, and several of those present expressed much dissatisfaction a. to the mode of sorting the I wool. pointing out that farmers were getting much less for their wool than they were led to expect.
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*These columns are freely open to the ventilation of any matter of public interest, local or general. Offensive personalities or abusive epithets are, however, rigidly excluded. Every communication must be duly and properly authenticated. In cases where anonymity is desired, the writer must privately and confidentially furnish the Editor with hie name and address, as a guarantee of good faith. The Editor cannot undertake to return any rejected communication. Letters received on the Saturday preceding the week of publication are more likely to be in- serted than those arriving later. -0-
I POSER FOR BUILTH FARMERS. I Sir,I read "A Contented Farmer's" letter on the above subject in your last issue with considerable amusement, and, in some respects, I feel he is not very wide of the mark. I can fully endorse what "A Contented Farmer" writes of my trade, for, everything is so keenly cut that the margin for profit is extremely small—barely sufficient to cover trading expenses. It is also certainly gratify- ing to find one farmer willing for a tradesman to live, and we can take it as a fairly safe and sound rule that I the best all-round policy is life is "to live and let live." This "A Contented Farmer" is prepared to do, and I heartily congratulate him upon it.—Yours, etc., I The Mills, I The Mills, T. C. HANDLEY. I I Builth Wells, Xovember 14th, 1916.
I WELSH DISESTABLISHMENT. Sir,-The Executive of the Welsh National Free Church Council announces that it regards the Welsh Church question as closed, and hopes for the co-operation of the Anglican Church in Wales in dealing with the social problems which has arisen in connection with the war. The leaders of the Church in Wales distinctly state that they do not consider the question closed, and the Execu- tive of the Welsh National Free Church Council will cer- tainly have to change its policy if it is sincere in its desire, for closer co-operation One of the grievances of the Church of England is that part of the funds of the Disestablished and Disen- dowed Church are to be used for national objects such as museums and libraries. It is conceded that such ob- jects are noble, but not that they are distinctively re, ligious. Could not a conference take place between the Welsh Executive of the F.C.C. and representatives of the Disendowed Church with a view to arriving at a settlement of this vexed question?—Yours, etc., H. D. PHILLIPS. I
FOOD PRICES AT LLANDRINDOD WELLS. I Sir,-There is a great deal of criticism in this town concerning food prices. There does not seem to be much ground for some of the advances which have been made, and there is a strange lack of uniformity. People do not seem to be always dealt with best in the shops where they spend most of their money, and whilst some have to beg for a few pounds of sugar, visitors have been known to make big purchases to take home. Milk- has been advanced to 5d per quart by a "ring" which has got most dairymen into it, and yet it can still be purchased here for 31d per quart. The U.D.C. might employ its time worse than in considering what can be done to promote the interests of consumers.-Yours, etc.. etc.. WAGE EARNER. I Llandrindod Wells. Nov. 4th. 1916.
WELSH MOUNTAIN PONY. I gir,-iay I just add a few words on this matter, and, at the outset, I wish to confirm and support "Cymro Llwyd" in almost all his contentions. I should like to state that the veteran, Mr W. S. Miller, was quite consistent with himself in his attitude at the general meeting when advocating his views on the height ques- tion, for he has always been in favour of the 12.2 class, looking at things, I suppose, mainly from a commercial value standpoint. I think it should be made clear that, when Mr Miller supported the stipulation that the 12 hands' class should he abandoned in case the prize-money would not be forthcoming, he never intended to exclude ponies 12 hands and under from competing in the 12.2 class. The class would be for all ponies under 12.2. This does not look so bad after all, and I beg to venture an opinion, without much fear of contradiction, that the winners in the competition at the present time would be the ponies under 12 hands. The pure mountain pony is a pony 12 hands and un-I der, and a pony of the former height is a very substan- tial size, and the designation "toy pony" is not by any means a fair one. That should be kept for the Shet- land. I admit that the ponies more often shown than not are animals about 11.2. Another 2 inches makes a vast difference, and, I think, we should endeavour to breed nearer the 12 hands than the 11.2. If the 12.2 class comes to stay, I am prepared to predict that the winners again will he "Starlights." bred from ponies 13 hands or thereabout, for, alas. the majority of judges have gone to disregard the pure Welsh mountain in the show-ring when in competition with the "Starlight" breed. The latter, of course, have a pre-dominating Arab strain, which shows up in their quality, smartness and courage. Many breeders view this with regret, and they see, to be successful, they must follow suit and breed 'Starlights,' so that, by-and-bye, we shall only have this strain exhibited at all our shows-both big and small. To preserve the Welsh mountain pony, pure and simp1e is it not possible to arrange classes apart from the ,IStarlight" pedigrees, especially at the coun- trv shows ? I think "Cymro Llwvd" is quite right in drawing attention to the yearling class. Certainly there ought to he a class for these, but, I presume, the prize-money question would be the difficulty. Why not have c&sses for yearlings and two-year-olds, and let the three-year- odds take their chance with the older classes? If we want to encourage breeding, I believe classes for the ex- hibition of yearlings would be an inducement. Yours, &c., BREEDER.
DRINK AND THE WAR. Sir,—Your correspondent, Mr A. G. Harries, in his first letter on this question, as a preliminary to his re- marks. brands his opponent. Mr Wainwright, as as ex- tremist. He thus pays homage to the old rule of de- bate. "When you have no case, abuse your opponent." He makes a brilliant attempt to prove, by implication, that teetotallers are unpatriotic, just because a class of people, called conscientious objectors, whose total num- ber is only about two thousand, happen to have. in their midst, a proportion, small or great, of total abstainers. It has probably never occurred to him that there are large numbers of total abstainers in the Army. Accord- ing to this wonderful argument, His Gracious Majesty the King, who is a total abstainer, must be disloyal to the State. Such a position is, indeed, extremely ex- treme. He assumes that no more money is wasted on drink than on other luxuries. This is certainly a gross fallacy. There might be some justification for expen- diture in other directions, but money spent on drink is an absolute waste, and the products of the drink traf- fic are altogether evil. I should like to know what other luxury has held up 500,000 workers, who might have been used for productive work? What other luxury has absorbed between 60 and 70 million cubic feet of space in our shipping, and this at a time when we have the greatest difficulty in importing the necessaries of life through shortage of shipping? What other luxury is there that absorbs £ 500,000 daily from the finances of Britain? In his second letter he laments the fact that R50,000 is spent annually on temperance propaganda, but the fact that £ 300,000,000 was wasted on alcohol during the first twenty months of the war does not concern him in the least. Like all champions of the drink traffic, he suggests that prohibition does not prohibit. If pro- hibition does not prohibit, why should the liquor traffic oppose it so strenuously. They have too much of the wisdom of this world to waste their energy in fighting an imaginary enemy. It need not follow that because prohibition does not prohibit absolutely that it does not prohibit. We have prohibited laws against mur- der, burglary, etc. Yet, in spite of this, we find that murders and burglaries are committed. Who would ar- gue from this that because the law has failed to pro- hibit absolutely murder and burglary that the laws pro- hibiting murder and burglary should he abolished. I happen to know something of Prohibition States, and I am convinced that they do prohibit to a great extent. I have no doubt that total prohibition is the only solu- tion to the drink problem, and the sooner we recognise this the better it will be for our national welfare and prosperity. Yours. &e-- D. RCCS. D. RE
Sir.—If I have said anything in my letters on the above which entitles Mr Wainwright to describe as abuse, then I very humbly apologise. I am sure your readers will understand how difficult it is always to keep one's feelings under thorough control, when one reads the extreme statements occasionally made by teetotal advocates, and, if I did allow myself to lapse for the moment, this must be my excuse. There is really only one point in Mr Wainwright's letter of this week' which it is necessary to deal with. He gives us the figures showing the reduction in the number of weekly con- wctions for drunkenness in the country, showing a re- LI-It i on. I put it to him that although these figures do show a falling off, that they do not truly re- present the amount of drunkenness that actually exists. One of the most dangerous results of the partial Pro- hibition introduced by the Liquor Control Board, has been to drive the drinking by a large number of people from the public houses, where it could be seen and con- trolled, into the private houses where it becomes in-is- ible and, unfortunately, uncontrollable. To some people this may be Ratisfactor. tut to me, I say quite frankly, it appears extremely dangerous. As to the charge Ire makes against the "trade" of harbouring men who ought to be fighting. I must refer Mr Wainwright to the Trihllnals,-VOIITS. etc.. I A. C. HARRIES., r
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