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MORE FEBRUARY LETTERS. Highly Commended. 8th. "Ffvnnon-Gynydd school, Gli-,bi,iry.- Dear Uncle Tom, Vavasour Powell was born at Knucklas in IM7, A.D. He was educated at Oxford, and was one of the earliest Welsh Nonconformists. Owing to bis views of Christian religion, he had to go to Lon- don in 1642, and was imprisoned in 1656 for re- belling against Oliver Cromwell. He was a prisoner until his death. John Penry was born at Llangammarch in 1559 A.D. To prepare himself for the work of a clergyman he went first to Cambridge and then to Oxford. In 1587 he published a pamphlet, declaring that the services of the Church should be read out in Welsh, and, for writing this, he was sent.to prison. Later, be was executed in the thirty-fourth year of his life, thus becoming a martvr. Howel Harris was born at Talgarth in 1714 A.D. He was well known, received a good edu- cation, and, after his fatherdeath, he obtained his living by teaching. With the intention of becoming a clergyman he went to Oxford. After being at home awhile he went about the country, preaching the Gospel. At last his fame spread throughout Wales. Prince Llewelyn was the last of the real Welsh princes. He was also one of the bravest. Sir Roger Mortimer was appointed governor of a large castle at Builth. Once, when this lord was art- tending the English Parliament in 1260, the sold- iers, in the castle, were surprised in the night by Llewelyn and his soldiers, who attacked the castle and book it. Offa's Dyke was a kind of trench, built by King Off a in 750 AJD. It extended from Knighton to Chester. The Welsh and the Mercians were continually fighting against each other. Some- times the Welsh would try to come into Mercia, so King Offa thought he would build a dyke to keep the Welsh out. His plan succeeded. Re- mains of the dyke can still be seen in some places. Maesyronen is the name of a chapel in the par- ish of All Saints, Glasbury. It is on the hill- side, overlooking the Wye. Maesyronen is half- way between Glasbury and Llowes. The chapel is one of the oldest in Wales. It is said that Oliver Cromwell worshipped there when he came to fight the Royalists at Painscastle.—I remain, your affectionate niece, Ruby Carver (aged 12)." 8th, "Rhulan School, near Builth Wells, Feb- ruary 25th, 1916.-Dear Uncle Tom, I will en- deavour to tell you aU I know of the required names and place-names. Vavasour Powell was a great Welsh Church re- former. John Penry, too, was a great Welsh Church re- former. He lived in the reign of Queen Eliza- beth and was bitterly persecuted for refusing to worship as Elizabeth ordered. He was a native of Breconshire, and as a boy, tended his father's sheep on the mountairs. Like the majority of Welshmen at that time, he was a Catholic, but, afterwards, changed his views and became a Puri- tan. He wished to preach to Welsh people in their own language, but Elizabeth refused to al- low him. In 1593, he was condemned to suffer a. martyr's death. He was only thirty-four years of age when his dying plea was that the Gospel might be preached to Welshmen in their native tongue. Prince Llewelyn was the last Welsh prince. Soon after succeeding David, he did homage to Henry III., of England. In 1272 Henry III. died, and Edward I. succeeded him. Llewelyn refused to pay homage to him, and Edward led an army into Wales. The English conquered, and Llewelyn fell in a skirmish on the banks of the Wya. His body is said to be buried at Ab'bey- cwm-hir in Radnorshire. It is also said that, on one occasion, while escaping from the enemy he had his horse shod the wrong way at Aberedw to deceive his pursuers-but the blacksmith be- trayed him. There is a cave in Aberedw rocks, where Llewelyn once hid. Offa's Dyke is a. rampart extending from Flint- shire to the mouth of the Wye. It is said to have been thrown up by Offa, King of Mercia, a bout the year 780, to confine the Welsh within their own country. Howell Harris was a great Welsh Church re- former, aad spent bis life in trying to reform the lives of the people and the clergy. Maesyronen is a Congregational Chapel on the hill-side between Glasbury and Llowes, and about

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