TTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTT BEECHAM 8 I PILLS J T are one of the oldest and the best tried of family medicines. ♦Time tells T all things" says a truthful adage. The test of time has been applied, T most assuredly, to Beecham's Pills, for this preparation has been in T the public service for over seventy years. Such a record should surely T •4" be a safe guarantee. It proves beyond the shadow of a doubt that <4* people are fully satisfied with the results obtained by using this world 4 famous family medicine, and appreciate the fact that in it they find an A? ? easy and efficient aperient, a safe and sure corrective, and a speedy and 'T* reliable restorative of weakened or disordered digestion. No wonder, then, that Beecham's Pills ?: A?E ALWAYS t t TO THE FRONT f ￼ TO THE FRONT Sold everywhere in boxes, price 1/lh (56 pills) & 2; 9 (168 pills) I
I War and Politics. I In the second reading debate on the National Registration Bill, the key-note of the opposition to it was suspicion of "some ulterior object." In reply to Mr Alden, the Prime Minister had at ques- tion time stated that "no such change was con- templated" as the introduction of forced labour or conscription. But Sir T. Whittaker, v o moved the rejection of the Bill, insisted upo i treating the measure as a preliminary to compulsion, and those speakers who followed him in hostility to the Bill took up the same attitude. Mr A. Hender- son, President of the Board of Education, pointed out that, when it had been attempted to compile a register on the voluntary system, and some four million forms were sent out to heads of house- holds, only 45 per cent. of them were returned. The tactful speech of the. Chancellor of the Ex- chequer, with its apt description of the measure as "simply a statistical Bill," palpably eased the situation. The second reading was carried by 253 to 30. Amongst the most notable features of the de- bate were, first, Sir T. Whittaker's preliminary declaration that he was willing to do anything and submit to anything (including even conscription) to smash the enemy—a declaration which rather took the wind out of the sails of his subsequent invective against a "simply statistical measure" for enabling the country to make full use of its latent resources; and, secondly, the welcome which Mr Duncan gave to the Bill as a Socialist and Labour representative. There were two specially interesting announcements in the speech in which Mr Long, the President of the Local Government Board, introduced the Bill (1) That it was in con- templation to appoint a small committee of men daily engaged in the organisation of labour which would enable the Government to make the best use of the information afforded by the register; (2) that the Secretary of State for War had stated that the Bill would materially assist recruiting officers in discriminating between the men who ought to be accepted for service at the front and the men who ought to be retained to do war-work at home. » "To reduce the civil expenditure of the country" was the counsel which Lord Midleton urged upon the Government in the resolution which he moved in the House of Lords, and which was accepted by the House. Both Lord Midleton and Lord St. Aldwyn brought charges of waste and extravag- ance against the administration of the Old Age Pensions and National Insurance, and Lord Midle- ton laid stress on a proposal to reduce expenditure on Education. Lord Lansdowne, who replied for the Government in the absence of Lord Crewe, said that they were giving their most serious attention to the need for economy. They were prepared to institute a careful scrutiny over the action of all Departments concerned in public expenditure, and proposed in certain cases to set up special machin- ery to investigate the expenditure of those branches of the spending departments where the absence of sufficient control had made itself felt. "It was most unfortunate," Lord Haldane de- clared in a speech pregnant with the wisdom of far-seeing statesmanship, "to take the Education Department as a field in which economy should be exercised." It behoves us to apply our minds now to prepare for a situation when our manufac- turers and merchants will have to rely on their skill, ingenuity and enterprise to hold their own against such competition and such circumstances as our commerce and industry have never before had to face. It is essential, then, to provide efficient teaching for the future generation on which the country depends, and to bring about a condition of affairs in which the ^business men of the future will be better trained, disciplined and educated. The situation demands rigid economy, but that does not mean stinting expenditure on education, the protection of public health, and the preservation of infant life. The policy of soc- ial reforfh which had helped so largely in recent years was not one to be regretted. All oar best hopes for the future in the colossal struggle in which we are engaged are based on the content- ment and prosperity of our people, to which that policy has contributed so much. » In the Commons a long day was devoted to the Pensions Bill. This Bill merges the Royal Pat- riotic Fund in a Central Statutory Committee, with Local Committees which will deal with those cases of War Allowances that are not clearly covtered by the State Grants now authorised. At question time, Mr Herbert Samuel, Post-master General, had made an important statement on the meas- ures adopted by his department to deal with the situation created by the War. These measures include :— (1) The release of a large number of male staff for enlistment—already about 36,000 are serving in the Army and Navy)-and the more general employment of women. (2) Release of rural postmen for harvest work. (3) Employment in the Post Office of disabled soldiers and sailors, no more boys being taken on to deliver telegrams when dis- abled men can be properly employed. (4) Free collection from the public, through post offices, of books and magazines for soldiers and sailors. 1 Lord Haldane's truly great services to the coun- 1 try, of which the country has been temporarily I deprived through a despicable campaign of slan- der, were recognised in a remarkable gathering at the National Liberal Club. The Prime Minis- ter sent a letter to Lord Lincolnshire, who pre- sided, in which he bore testimony to Lord Hal- dane's selfless loyalty and devotion, to his epoch- making work at the War Office (to which is chiefly due the readiness and preparedness of our Army to undertake the mission to which it was called) and to his fertile and lasting contribution to the reconstruction and better organisation of national education in its best and broadest sense. "You do well," Mr Asquith wrote, "to honour him, and I predict with undoubting confidence that your recognition of his character and ser- vices will be ratified by history and posterity." 0;, Lord Haldane, in his speech of thanks to the National Liberal Club, surveyed the national situation with a sweeping range. It it only pos- sible here to refer to his vindication of the work of the Imperial Defence Committee against "the vast amount of nonsense that has been written recently by people who know nothing." The Committee had three courses before them (1) To organise efficiently a highly-trained pro- fessional Army, ready to go anywhere it might be required at a moment's notice, with the possibilities of expansion behind it in the shape of a Territorial Army. (2) To raise compulsorily a home defence Army, which would only have a short training and would be under no obligation to go abroad. (3) The raising of a Continental army of two miHion men, trained for two years. Course number two would have given us no army capable of co-operation at a crisis with our Allies. Course number three would have taken a genera- tion, and our enemies would have struck while we and our Allies were unprepared. The choice of the Committee was the result of deliberate judg- ment, and has been fully justified by events. ■ J
Try Magnesia for Your Stomach Trouble. IT NEUTRALISES ACIDITY & PREVENTS I FERMENTATION. Doubtless you have already tried pepsin, bis- muth, soda, charcoal, drugs, etc., and so you know that these things will not cure your trouble —in some cases they do not even give relief—but before giving up hope and deciding that you are a chronic dyspeptic just try the effect of a little mag- nesia-not the ordinary carbonate, oxides or citrates, but pure BISURATED magnesia, which you can obtain locally from Messrs. Charles and Gwillim (late R. E. Charles), Medical Hall, Brecon, and Mr T. A. Coltman, of Builth Wells, or any other good chemist, in either powder or tab- let form. Take half-a-teaspoonful of the powder or two compressed tablets with a little water after your next meal, and see what a difference this makes. It will instantly neutralise the harmful acid which now causes your food to ferment, giv- ing rise.to wind, heartburn, flatulence and many other unpleasant symptoms, and you will find that, provided you take a little BISOBATED mag- nesia immediately afterward, you can eat almost anything and enjoy it without any danger of pain and discomfort to follow.
Girls' Friendly Society. I PLEASANT GATHERING AT GLIFFAES. I USEFUL COMPETITIONS. I A festival was held at Gliff aes, by the kind invitation of Lady Salt, on the 29th ult. All the parishes of the Crickhowell Branch were repre- sented, associates and members numbering 76. On arrival at Gliffaes, visitors found all sorts of preparations for entertaining the party. There were competitions in various forms. One was how many nails one could hammer into a piece of wood in a minute and a half I This was a capi- tal preparation for anyone who had an idea of going into munition factory employment. Ano- ther was a good exercise in economy, etc., ne- cessary in war time, namely, how many candles could be lighted with one match? One member lighted over 30! After seeing the lovely gardens and the new poultry houses and other interesting items, the visitors were all assembled for tea, after which, Miss Turner gave a most impressive address, which was highly appreciated. A card of faithful memebrship for 7 years was presented to Lilian John, Llanelly parish, and the members were laden with prizes won in competi- tions. After this all walked by the river to Penmyarth Church for service at 6.30. The In- tercession service was used. An offertory was given to the Diocesan Sick Fund.
Though the Bank of England War Loan list closed on Saturday, small investors need remind- ing that that date did not shut the door upon ap- plications for the Post Office issue of the new War Loan, whether in the form of five-shilling vouch- ers or five-pound bonds, and the hope is strongly expressed by promoters of thrift that this avenue for investment will be kept open as long as pos- sible.
THE CAMBRIAN CYCLE & MOTOR WORKS, BUILTH WELLS. EMH JARMAN1 —?——?——— ?.?? -.? ￼ Agent for Singer's, Raleigh, Bradbury's, Rudge-Whit north's, New Hudson, B.S. A., and Various Makes of Cycles. —— Motor Oycleo and Cycle Oars. MACHINES ON HIRE, BOUGHT, SOLD OR EXCHANGED. REPAIRS OF ALL KINDS WITH PROMPTITUDE AND SKILL. ALL ACCESSORIES IJKT STOCK- » LARGE STOCK OF CYCLE-COVERS AND TUBES. Close to Wye Bridge, Builth Wells, and Strand House. br333 i ￼ 0
Welsh in Radnorshire. Why it Sbould be Taught. I EXPRESSIONS HEARD IN THE COUNTY. I A Why should Welsh be introduced into schools in Radnorshire? An answer may be found in the general report of H.M. Inspectors to the Board of Education (Welsh Department). Elementary school' in Wales, says the report, have two opportunities-one owing to a historical accident and the other to the increasingly practical spirit of parents and educationists for becoming the best schools in the world. The former is the possibility of teaching a second language in the elementary school,' an opportunity confined in other parts of the country to those children who are fortunate enough to be able to enter a secon- dary school. Welsh could easily be taught, with- out any further expense, in several Radnorshire schools, as the school already possess Welsh- speaking teachers. No other subject need be dis- placed, and the learning of a second language would bring into the school a new source of inter- est that would arouse intelligence and tell on the learning of other subjects. There are several reasons why Welsh should be introduced into schools which can teach it :—(i.) Radnorshire was, in comparatively recent times, Welsh-speak- ing, and its English cannot always be understood, and certainly cannot be explained, without refer- ence to Welsh. Expressions heard in the county, like "It will be fine to-day as it is all right in the bone of the wind," "as tare as a oont,' "the old bew," "put the crochan on the fire," could only be explained in the Welsh class, (ii) Practically all the place-names of the county are Welsh, eith- er easily understood words of poetic beauty or sug- gestive history, like Gwern Dyfnant, Rlios Grug, Ty'n yr Ynn, Cwm yr Afar, Carneddau, Ty'n y Waen, Bryn Draenog, Bleddfa; or slightly dis- guised Welsh names like St. Harmons, Lloyney, Rabber, Rhulen, Beguildy, Moity, Pool Redding, Mawn Pools. It does not conduce to the intelli- gence of the children that they should be continu- ally learning and repeating words which have no meaning to them. (iii) The elementary schools would get the benefit of second language teach- ing, especially the sense of power that comes to a child when lie finds himself able to express his thought in two ways, the more conscious study of English and the marked development of intelli- gence. Radnorshire can give its schools what Cardiff and Barry and Newport have given theirs, and reap the same rich harvest. It is significant that the only successful evening class held in the -county during the last year was a class in Welsh. Omitting all under three years of age, the dis- tribution of the population on the basis of lan- guage spoken in Radnorshire, according to the last census, was :-Fn,lisli only, 19,884; Welsh only, 11; English and Welsh, 1,128; other lan- guages, 4; not statement, 252 total, 21,279. Those able to speak Welsh form, therefore, about 5.4 per cent. of those over three years. Almost half of these, says the report, live in the Rhay- ader rural district, but some are to be found in each part of the county, Presteign having the smallest number.
I. Hay Guardians. I ACCEPTANCE OF TENDERS. I There attended a, meeting of Hay board of guardians, on Thursday, Rev. W. E. T. Morgan (chairman), Mrs E. C. Crichton, Mrs E. S. Parry, Revs. G. Leigh Spencer, G. Hubert Griffith and W. L. Crichton. and Messrs. J. R. Griffiths, Wm. Jones, W. V. Pugh, E. D. Weaver, C. Butcher, J. Jones, J. Davies, H. Yorath, R. T. Breese, David Wall and A. Howard (acting-clerk.) Relief to boarded-out children and non-resident paupers was renewed. Collectors' monthly statements were received from Llanbedr, Painscastle, Llandewyfach, Clyro, Cusop, Hay Rural, Hay Urban, Talgarth, Llan- elieu, Llanstephan, Boughrood, Whitney, Tregoyd, and' Velindre, and Llandilo-graban. Master's and relieving-officers' quarterly state- ments of relief, as well as the district medical officers' quarterly lists of lunatics, were submit- ted and passed. Bonds in respect to assistant overseers for Bryn- gwyn and Boughrood and Llanstephan were seat- ed. Tenders, for the supply of provisions to the workhouse for the ensuing three months, were ac- cepted as follow :-Coal and cordwood, Messrs. Robt. Williams and Sons, Ltd.; meat, Mrs James (Castle street); and bread, flour and cake, Miss Harris (Castle street). I Mr F. B. Powell (master) reported that, during the past fortnight, 2 vagrants were admitted to the "house" and one discharged; 45 were reliev- ed as against 85 for the same period in 1914. The Assessment Committee met afterwards, and transacted its business.
Crossed the Boundary. I BRYNMAWR ALIEN DETAINED IN CUSTODY. Switzer Solomon (42), a Brynmawr alien, was summoned at Abertillery police-court, on Wednes- day, for entering a prohibited area without a per- rhit. Supt. Lewis said defendant wrote asking the chief constable's permission to travel to the county of Monmouth, but it was refused, and he was not allowed to travel from Brynma wr. Mr D. Gibson Harris (Brynmawr), for the de- fence, said defendant was an Austrian, who for 13 years had been travelling the locality as a draper in a small way. Defendant was interned in October last, and released in November. The chief constable of Breconshire warned defendant not to go into Monmouthshire, and defendant had not knowingly broken this -regulation. In any case, defendant was only a few yards over the boundary. Ald. S. N. Jones (chairman) commented on the seriousness of the offence. On defendant's prom- ise not to repeat it, he was fined JGI. Supt. Lewis said he would now keep Solomon in custody and communicate with the Home Office with a view to defendant being again interned.
Conspicuous Bravery. I Rhayader Guardian's Distinction. At Rhayader guardians' meeting, on Wednes- day, Hev. A. Jordan said they were proud to learn that Capt. Francis G. P. Philipps, a member of that body, had been awarded the military cross for conspicuous bravery on the battlefield. The rev. gentleman proposed, with great pleasure, that the hearty congratulations of the guardians be forwarded to Capt. Philipps. Mr Tlios. Hamer seconded. Supporting, Mr B. P. Lewis remarked that no man was more popular on that authority than Capt. Philipps. He was sure every member was proud to hear that he had distinguished himself on the battlefield. He (Mr Lewis) was pleased that Rev. A. Jordan had moved the resolution, and he gladly supported it. I Ald. A. Edwards observed that they were all proud of Capt. Philipps's achievements. They required more men like him at the front. Capt. Philipps was the right man in the right place. They all trusted he would be spared to return amongst them after the war had terminated. The resolution was carried unanimously. Capt. Philipps, who has been one of the repre- sentatives for Abbey-cwmhir on the Board for many years, joined his regiment at the outbreak of war, and has been at the front for some time.
School Nurses. I RADNOR M.O. 's OBSERVATIONS. I Dr. Laurence Pole, the School Medical Officer for Radnorshire, in the course of his annual re- port, says that to be of any service at all, defect- ive conditions should receive the treatment ap- propriate to them, and this treatment should be of the mos^tborough description and of an ade- quate nature. The Radnorshire Education Com- mittee has adopted the principle of establishing Care Committees in connection with every school in the county, and these should be of great ser- vicB, but any movement in this direction must be incomplete unless at the same time school nurses are employed. The number of nurses required for a country of this kind, where the majority of the children live in sparsely populated districts, would be large relatively to the population in order to secure effective visiting of the homes of the children. The nurses would not only be necessary for the children suffering from defects, e.g., discharging ears, skin diseases, etc., requiring some form of skilled supervision over the treat- ment prescribed by the medicel man attending, but their services would also be required for chil- ren having defests of a more chronic nature, and not so obviously requiring constant medical treat- ment. Such children would include those that are debilitated and poorly nourished, this condition in many cases being due to want of knowledge or carelessness on the part of parents as to the most appropriate diet for the children, and to ignorance or neglect of proper home hygiene. In general, much of the important work of "following-up" children found to be defective would be well done by school nurses who would be fully conversant with the condition of the children because of their presence at the schools while the medical inspect- ions were being carried out. In connection with the reports of head-teachers which have been received this year (1914), it has transpired that a large number of children have been absent suffering from illness or other con- ditions for which treatment or advice would have been of great value. In some instances a school nurse, had one been available, could have ren- dered much assistance to parents in carrying out treatment prescribed by the medical men attend- ing. From some of the reports it appears that in some cases the district nurses did actually attend, with good results. In the matter of actual treatment, the Educa- tion Committee has taken a most important step forward in establishing a clinic for the treatment of children suffering from defective eyesight. An arrangement has been made under which Dr. Russ Wood, of the Eye Hospital, Shrewsbury, will examine and prescribe for all children recom- mended to him by the school medical officer. The clinic will be established in the County Build- ings, Llandrindod Wells, and Dr. Russ Wood will attend, as required, several times during the year. The cost per child is estimated at 10/ in- cluding 2/6, for the provision of spectacles w-here these are required.
HELP YOUR COUNTRY. I NATIONAL WAR LOAN. I Many people are, owing to war pressure, earning bigger wages than usual. Others, though less for- tunate, may still be able to save something each week. To both those classes the nation now ap- peals. You can help your country and at the same time put by money in a sound investment, guaranteed by the British Government, at 4l per cent. inter- est, against a rainy day. Four and a half per cent. is nearly lid in the £ and no such interest has been given on a British Government security within the memory of living man. This is the safest investment you can have, because the credit of the whole nation is behind it. At nearly every Post Office you can buy 5/- "scrip vouchers," and when you have collected 20 of these you can exchange them for £5 worth of war loan, and will receive a bonus of 1/ together with interest at 5 per cent. on the vouchers. Vouchers for 10/ and XI are also obtainable. The war loan (up to JE200) will be registered at the Post Office in your name, and you will receive each 1st December and 1st June a dividend of 2/3 for each X5, without deduction of any sort. If you do not want to draw the dividends you will be able to arrange for them to be paid in re- gularly to a savings bank account as they fall due, without trouble to yourself. These terms apply up to 1st December next. If, when 1st December comes, you find you have not saved as much as R5 in this way, the money can be put in a Post office savings bank account, and the war loan scrip vouijiers will be accepted for this purpose. This account will bear interest at the usual rate (2J per cent.) from the date you deposit the vouchers at the Post Office. War loan should be regarded as an investment, but if at any time you want ready money the Post Office will always sell for you, at the market price of the day, the stock you have purchased through them up to X200, a fee of 9d for any amount up to X25 being charged. Scrip vouchers can likewise be paid in to a Post Office savings bank account and withdrawn in cash if you wish. I Why Save? 1. Save for your country's sake, because it is spending now R3,000,000 a day, and must find most of the money out of the savings of its citi- zens. 2. Save for you own sake, because while work and wages are good now, hard times may come after the war. 3. Save, because if we save, we spend less, and, if we spend less, we keep prices down. 4. Save, because whenever we import things that are not absolutely necessary it becomes more difficult to import and pay for all the things that are absolutely necessary. 5. Save, because the more we import from abroad the more difficult it is not to export our gold in payment. Save, then, because our store of gold is vital to our credit and .to our financial power. 6. Save, because by so doing you will help your country to give financial help to our Allies who are less rich than we are. 7. No saving is too small to count. If 45,000,000 people each save an average of even half-a-crown a week, it means nearly R300,000,000 a year. If your savings are too small to invest in war loan, you can still put them in the savings bank. How to Save. 1. Eat less meat. 2. Be careful with your bread. 3. Waste nothing. To waste food is as bad as to waste ammunition. 4. Save especially in all things which have to be imported; food and drink of all kinds, tobacco, etc. 5. Use home products wherever possible. 6. Before you spend anything, think whether it is necessary. 7. If you possibly can, grow your own vege- tables. i.
— 1 There are many vastly more expensive cars. There are cars of greater ostentation. But for serviceable power, for comfort and convenience, and for quiet, unassuming, ever-ready reli- ability, there is no car in the world that can justly claim to be the Ford's superior; not one. ￼ ￼ I TOURING cAR. £1 25 Com let at Manchester Runabouts £ 115. Five-passenger Tour- ing Oar £ 125. Town Oar J6176. 20 h.p. efficiently equipped. All Prices at Works, Manchester. Full particulars from- rilch & SONS, Motor Engineers, e1.23. BRECON. I i
Agricultural Bias. J I Suggestion For Radnor Inter- mediate Schools. LACK OF EVENING CLASSES. The main problem of the two Radnorshire In- termediate Schools, says the report issued by the inspectors of the Welsh Department Board of Education, is the adaptation of their curriculum to the needs of their respective neighbourhoods. Clearly, agriculture is the most important in- dustry in the county, and this fact should always be kept in view when drawing up the curriculum and syllabuses of each school. It is easier, pro- bably, to give an agricultural bias to a good general course of education than any other bias, and such a bias is invaluable in the education of an intending teacher. The continued success of the schools will depend on the extent to which the curriculum is based on the needs of the pupils, and not on external examination require- ments. At Presteign the agricultural bias is, so far, not very pronounced. The staff is small, and, possibly, not verys the parents do not understand that an agricultural bias does not mean that all the chil- dren are prepared for farming. A good general education with an agricultural bias would be the best education, not only for the farmer and the teacher, but, also, for all those whose lives are to be spent amid rural conditions. Woodwork is well taught, but, so far, the spacious school gar- den has not been utilised for teaching purposes. A domestic subjects' course has been establish- üd, girls in their third year dropping physics for, cookery and needlework. Llandrindod, with its more numerous staff, has been able to develop more definite courses of rural science and domestic subjects, but it has not yet developed to the extent desired. The aim is to have parallel forms, with a technical bias and a general bias, respectively, right through the school, and it is to be hoped that the school can eventually, with its new buildings and a still stronger staff, make its dual curriculum an an- nual one, and not a biennial one, as at present. The technical forms drop Latin and French, and specialise on subjects connected with an agri- cultural or commercial pursuit. In the cage of boys, agriculture and gardening, woodwork, che- mistry, botand and shorthand, and, in the case of girls, hygiene, needlework, cookery, laundry- work and commercial subjects. The development toward s more practical and useful courses en- abjes the secondary school to base its curriculum more completely on that of the elementary school. Practically all secondary school pupils come from the elementary schools of the county, and it is satisfactory to notice that questions in the en- trance examinations are on the English and the arithmetic taught in the elementary schools. So, without interfering with the work of the elemen- tary school in the least, the secondary school is able to pick out the best pupils. Further Education. I In the last general report, some of the difficul- ties and some of the possibilities of development in respect of evening schools and further educa- tion generally were discussed. It does not ap- pear that any of the suggestions there made have been carried out. The attention of the authority is again invited to the importance of taking what- ever steps may be possible to strengthen this side of their work. The authority are to be congratulated upon the support they give to teachers who desire to avail ￼ of h.. given in tile SUJMnlcr themselves of t e training given in the 8 ￼ schools at Abergele, Aberyatwyth and B?rry.? fair number of scholarships are offered by? committee for this purpose. Radnor teaches have, on the whole, responded well, and it is M?' ed that this may continue to be the case. Lack of Evening Schools. U nfortnately the record in other directions? not so encouraging in fact, evening echoo' have all but vanished. There was only one b? < during the past s8ion in the whole couD? This was a class in Welsh; it may be said ? once that it was quite successful. It was co?' ducted by the new head teacher of Llal1 school. The failure to form any other eveDID g schools in the county calls for the serious coO' sideration of the committee. The only expla? tion given is that in the past the attendance ?- such schools has not been well ma-intaio? throughout the session. But during the past sion, with the one exception mentioned, no evely ing school has been begun. The authority's to gulations for evening schools appear to ha? ￼ mained unchanged since 1910. Teacher ? paid 3s per hour (assistants 2/6 per hour). "t? regulations remain as an offer to teachers bOtbeY disposed to organise evening schools. But -f should be supplemented by reminders and ,iuqlJl to xes at suitable places, and by advice civeO .? scholars who are about to leave davacb?' It should be possible to establish or re-est? evening schools at Knighton, Presteign, P?' der, and Llandrindod; at the last a class of ??, ery should prove useful. The experience &?e?? gained suggests strongly that there is room the development of evening cookery classes io rural districts; these would be of service both W way of continuing the instruction already talyel3t and also by giving opportunities of instruction ? girls who had left the day schools before t? cookery van began its pioneer work. It is 0 suggested that the teacher responsible for tO peripatetic wojk should conduct classes morni ng afternoon and evening some relief from day wt1! should be given in the case of the few centres which classes for adults are held. Another matter for consideration is the abseO? of any facilities such as Saturday classes to eoa? teachers who possess either no qualincation 01 but partial qualifications (supplementary and ?5- certificated teachers) to receive instruction ? they may have reasonable opportunities f? lfn proving their status. Such classœ, if they be estabhshe, could also provide guidance methods of instruction suitable for infants au for the special conditions of rural schools. Conclusion. On the whole the last three years have beeo a period of educational progress. The authority* under good guidance, have dealt efficiently aD without friction with the great work entrusted to them. The school buildings are gradually be, coming more healthy and better adapted to their purpose, the education is becoming more prac- tical, and the interest in education is extending- With regard to future progress the following suggestions are offered :-I. The gradual intro- auction of gardening should be extended to all schools. 2. It should be the aim of the author- ity to provide all schools, where possible, wit» education in woodwork and cookerv. 3. The I1- troduction of Welsh into schools where practic- able, thus gaining for elementary schoof children the mental discipline obtained by learning Lat1" or French, should be seriously and sympathetic- or French, should be seriously and ;?hoob ally considered. 4. The intermediate should not be expected to aim at external el, amination results or be judged entirely by thelu; they should be allowed to adapt themselves to the needs of the county.
|| icr « BANISHES SFFAINTI
"Queen of the Wye." I BEAUTIES OF BUILTH. I "Builth Wells," said a prominent medical gentleman the other day, "only needs to be known to be fully appreciated. The picturesque little town on the banks of the Wye is visited this time of year by thousands in quest of health and re- newed vigour", especially from the coalfields of South Wales. An old gentleman from Dowlais told a friend of the writer that he had never missed coming to Builth for 47 years in succession, and that the waters did him a "world of good." An Irish lady, once visiting the resort to inspect I the pupils of the Intermediate school in French, was charmed with Builth, and spontaneously re- marked, on arrival, that she had never seen such a I beautiful locality. A singular incident, in regard to Builth, occur- red in British Columbia, some time ago. A group of Americans, among whom was a gover- ness, toured parts of British Columbia and Cali- fornia, and, naturally, members of the party were enchanted with what were some of the finest glimpses of scenery in the world. Obtaining a remarkably fine view the governess remarked, "I've seen a place quite as fine and as pretty." When questioned she replied, "In Europe." ed as to what part, and the reply came, "Wales. In the company was a nurse who knew Wales, and she put a further question, "Where in Wales"? "Builth" was the reply, and strangely enough the nurse knew it, and both readily agreed upon its superiority in point of natural beauty. Years ago the late Mr W. E. Gladstone had occasion to travel from North to South Wales, and, while passing through Builth Wells, stepped on to the platform, and looking towards Welfield-that wonderful mingling of sylvan charm—exclaimed, "What a beautiful country I" Mrs Gladstone was with him, and Kilsby Jones had come to give the right hon. gentleman a welcome. This was the occasion when "Kilsby," falling on his knees, was decorated by a rosette at the hands of the then Premier's wife. One of the numerous visitors to Builth Wells is the secretary of the Gorsedd-a gentleman who knows Wales through and through. Knowing he possessed the faculty of the poet and artist's eye, a friend, Dr. Rhys Davies (formerly of Swan- sea), once asked him what he thought of the beauties of Builth. His reply was, "There is one other place in Wales very beautiful-The Vale of Clwyd, but Builth is more woody, more varied, and thus prettier." Holiday makers often ask what is there at Builth? The charms and attractions are as var- ied as they are many. River-boating on the beau- tiful Wye is certainly unique and a source of at- traction to hundreds. This is the only river boat- ing available in any Welsh holiday resort. Strangers have no idea of what the Wye affords in this way. A Llandovery gentleman going over the ancient Builth bridge (with its six arches) a day or so ago passed the remark, "I see there is no boating now—the water is too low. But if he had gone some three to four hundred yards up the Groe—the pleasure grounds-he would have found nearly quarter-of-a-mile length of first-class boating in a, river where at any point a man can- not throw a stone across to the other side-such is its width, and this in the driest period of the year. Visitors to some leading health resorts claim that the moment they step out on to the platform, on arrival, they feel the better for the change. This is not so at Builth-the effect is more men- tal than physical—and people feel better on leaving than coming in. "Builth" might be de- scribed as a natural tonic which requires time to build up or renew the broken system. The ex- perience of Builth is rather fatiguing at the out- set, and it is not till the fourth, fifth, sixth, or even the seventh day that the good begins to be felt, and then improvement is gradually marked till the moment of departure. Thus, the visitor finds the effect of a holiday at Builth abiding. This can- not be said of all fflaces. There is usually so much artificial stimulation about most holiday re- sorts. Visitors take violent exercise, eat too much food, and the result, on reaching home, is a re- action, and the full benefit of a holiday is not ob- tained. Builth is quiet, restful, and Nature's soothing, natural way of recovery. People live at such high tension to-day that-nothing but a temporary stimu- lant suffices. But, alas, it is mostly too tempor- ary. Builth, so medical men say, is specially adapted to brain-workers and the educated class- those who can rest and keep their bodies quiet- and those who can also exercise mental control over themselves. Ordinary folk, like children, cannot settle down to what is best for themselevs and the result is that a holiday does them but little, if any, lasting good. Builth enjoys a uniquely sheltered position from the north and east winds, and, therefore, is warm- er than most places in Mid-Wales. Elevation, perhaps, is a great inducement to some holiday- makers especially in August, but this one lacking feature should be more than compensated by its humid climate, its greater variety of vegetation, and the possibilities of an earlier and later season. But the town is not too immediately surrounded by mountains, for, there is a square mile of perfectly flat country, the natural dip being "saucer," not "cup" shaped. This is a feature not to be found at any other Welsh watering resort, and one that is much appreciated by invalids suffering with heart disease and chest weakness. Elderly people can also have plenty of open-air exercise. The brim of the "saucer" is formed of accessible hil- locks in all directions, and these rise to altitudes varying from 700 to 800 feet, affording remarkable and expensive views of inspiring Welsh scenery. No fewer than eleven roads lead into Builth, and every one of these walks is full of interest and diversity. The soil is gravelly and always dry, and there is not a more sanitary or cleanly kept town of the size of Builth in Wales. House ac- commodation is excellent, the noted Llanelwedd stone, used in most of the buildings, rendering them of clean, artistic and durable appearance. The pretty, woody knolls are a feature. The Wye, undoubtedly the finest river in the Kingdom for picturesqueness, should be a fortune to Builth. The Rocks between Builth and Builth Road and those at Aberedw have ever been sources of ad- miration to the Wye Valley tourist. Welfield plantation is also a wonderful example of artistic forestry. The Wye has become very notable, of late years, for its salmon fishing, and the Nyth catch near Erwood is said to be the best in the country, and is often let at the fabulous figure of X400 per month. At one point on the Wye, be- tween Builth and Builth Road, visitors often amuse themselves, in August, by watching huge salmon jumping up in front of them and within twenty yards of their feet. Rarely, can a holi- day place be found to afford such a combination of charm, interest, pleasure and profit as Builth Wells, or as she has been appropriately called, "The Queen of the Wye."
Wedding at Llwyel. I EVANS—JEFFREYS. I 1 As announced in last issue, Miss Florence Mary Jeffreys, Castle House, Trecastle, was married to Mr Walter. Bowen Evans, of Rhayader, on the 7th inst. There was a large attendance of the parishioners, and the historic church, where the bride's ancestors had worshipped for centuries, was tastefully decorated with white flowers, and triumphal arches were erected over Llywel Bridge and in front of Castle House. The paths, trodden by the bride, were carpeted and decked with flowers, and the village was generally de- corated. The bride, who wore a dress of silver grey eolienne, with hat to match trimmed with white roses, and carried an ivory bound Prayer Book, was given away by her eldest brother, Mr D. T. Jeffreys, of Camden House, Trecastle, the popu- lar under-sheriff of the county. The only brides- maid was Miss Mary F. P. Jeffreys, of Camden House (niece), who wore a dress of Saxe blue crepe de chine, with collar of cream shadow lace. Mr R. J. Brychan Jeffreys, of Castle House, Tre- castle (brother of the bride) was the best man. The marriage ceremony was performed by Canon T. Jones, of Penboyr (formerly vicar of Llywel), assisted by the Rev. P. W. Green (vicar of Llywel) and the Rev. W. J. Teague (vicar of Traianglas). Miss Evans (Penvay) was at the organ and played wedding marches. The bride and bridegroom motored to Llan- dovery to catch the Central Wales train to Shrewsbury, en route for the English Lakes, where the honeymoon is being spent. The bride's present to the bridegroom was a mahogany writing-table, and the bridegroom's present* to the bride included a fur carriage robe, fur rugs, a pair of water-colours, and diamond ring.
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