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I "CHRISTIANA" AT RHYMNEY j I A MERITORIOUS PER- I FORMANCK. j As briefly announced in our last, issue, a successful performance of the beautiful cantata Obriniinna (Dr. ■ F A. yen at Pfyn-" hyfryd Chapt! (kiiidiy lent) on Wed- Ti#tsday evening, t he 18.li inst., by the Victoria Ro-»d Presbyterian Church I H Choir, augmented by choristers from ■ other churches. Mr J. W. Price ■ (engineer) ably discharged the duties ■ of chairman. The artistes .V(ftre I H Soprano, Miss Sophie R tw lunds, A.R.C.I., Loudo-rf --Mtitt alto. Miss ■ Mary Hieha/d: U.O. W.. Hhymury; ,.Most;rs.Iwgo Williams, Po»itlortyn ■ David Rich and ■ Pi ice Getffiths H Rhymney, each of whom acquitted "tbemsely .in- a very-pr»ipewpci,^y H manlier. EflPcient service was also I ■ rendered by the Gwent Orchestral ■ Society (leader, Mr Morgan Lftwis ) i ■ The poopuction t h ranghout was a very ■ meritorious one, and reflected, great t'&dj.&; upon the euthnsiaatie-eonductor, ■ Mr Richard llees. To have under- ■ takers a work of .aqch pretensions was ■ no &mall undertaking, tho singrin? in ■ several of the ctiom'cs betog quit* ■ inspiring. ■ Christiana," which i* ri thne I parts, is founded on Pawt li.t John ■ Bunyau's Pilgrim Progress." The H music is of a bright and entertaining ■ character. The opening chorus, "These ■ are They," which was well received, B vrafriatpresrively rewaered by t ito-,ohoir, and Christian*" (Miss Rowlands) I gave a gOQd interpretation of the solo, ■ Whence flow those sweet and happy I Strains." The succeeding chorus, Whence away, 0 Christiana," was given with true devotional spirit by the choÍlr, wfhilbt .the duet t, Mercy nnd Christiana' (Misses Richards and Rowlands), was another pleasing item, and the choir gave a most effective rendition of the chorus, Love not the World." Miss Mary Richards did full justice to her succeeding solo. 41 Let the most blessed be my Guide," and the instrumental selection, The Journey to the Wicket Gate," was pleasingly played. by the orchestra. Other interesting items in Part I. in. cluded a duett by Miss Rowlands (Christiana) and Mr David Rich (The Keeper), wbilst Miss Richards grave an excellent rendering of At the Wioket Gate," and the chorus, They trat sow in Tears," was beautifully sung, and fully meritt d the 8p-: ptaiuse at the close. There were a number of excellent items in Part 2, the duet by Misses Rowland and Richards was artistically readered, whilst • rendered, whilst Greatheat" (Mr I lago Williams) was heard to advantage in the solo, It is the will of Him I Serve*" and t,hesucceeding item, a quartette, by the artistes,, was effec- tively rendered. The phornses, In the Valley of Humiliation" and the A nuel of the Lord received v. gpfotidid treatment* whilst r* dnet by 1, Mr Price Griffiths and Miss Rowlands, was well received. In Part 3 Miss Rowlands, in her final solo, 0 Blessed, Message, achieved a great success and was loudly applauded, whilst the cborns, Tiiese are They," formed a fitting climax to a most enjoyable performance. Daring an interval the Rev. W. H. Cooper, on behalf of the Vioto ia- road Church, uauved a hearty vote of thank s to Mr J. W. Price for his ser- vices in the chair; the officers of Bryu- byfryri Church tur the Joan of the building, ami to the members of the chairs of of her churches for the kind way in Ahich Lbey. had rallied round the cood uetor (Air Pteati) in providing -that mnsical treat.-—i'ue resoliatiori was heartily adopted, and the singing of-the Natioual Anthem terminated a ^successful concert. The accompani- ments were rdrairably played by Mrs Mftriou Moss (Pontlottyn) acd Mrll K. G. Juiwa, Gilfach (formerly or- garnet of the churah). The airanga- rments were well carried. ont by a com- j ►ijmitfcee, of which Miss S. VineJ. (Punt- v.vidfctiyn), and Mr Gomer Jones were the active secretaries. — I w ..w ————
If you want GOOD PRINTING, go to the Journal" Office, Bargoe(L j t
MARGARINE FROM COAL. GOVERNMENT SPENDS £ 1,000.000 ON RESEARCH. Professor George Knox, FG.S., P'incpal of the Somh Wales and Monmouthshire School of Mines, speaking at the Wiean Mining Col- lege, said he did not know whether it had been mad e public before, but during the war we had beem making margari ne from coa i. The worst feature of it, ho wever, was that, like all the other fatty prod ucts of coal, we might eat it, and it would help the bread to go over, but it didn't fatten one at all. He described the great value of coal in consequence of its constituent properties, and naid that if we could realise exactly the stages at which we could take away all its bye- products, coal would be three times more valuable to us than it is to-day. Pi ofessor Kncx explained that there had been attempts made to dissolve the different constituents of coal, but the difficulty WHS, he said, that a material was obtained in the dis- solving which is more complex than the coal itself. He 4iescribed how he had tried the complete .destruction of coal bv fientiuc, it to high tempera- turf-, having had furnaces running HI" 1J<.t continuously for nine months with experiments. It took at least a fortnight to complete one experiment. The Government bad ,pent nearly £ l,CO0,0O0 duriug the past three yeq,rs trying to solve the problem, and nearly every University was working on it. He said it would certainly be a most valuable thing if they could reduce the proteids from coal. When we realised that Great Britain had only about 2.6 per cent. of the coal reserves of the world it was about time we began seriously to consider what v?e were doing with our coal, and to cease wasting it, because after all our coal was the basis of our in- dustrial supremacy, and If. we were going to continue to throw it away we should suffer for it later. It was all very well for people to say that we had coal to last us for 600 years yet, but there would be people in Great Britain in 600 years from now, and it was a right we owed to posterity that we should not waste the riches whioh Nature has geologically preserved for us.
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THE BEDWAS DISPUTE SETTLED. The Bedwas dispute has at last been settled. At a mass meeting on- Monday, Mr D. Rees presiding, pro- posals were submitted and unani- mously adopted. Speeches were made by the Right Hon. William Brace, M.P., Messrs Noah Ablett and Rees Evans of the South Wales Miners' Executive. The building was crowded, and intense excitement prevailed. Seen by our representative, Mr Brace said the meeting followed on conferences with the Company at Cardiff and at the colliery on 'Satur- day. The terms arrived at were very substantial efforts towards safety, and it was creditable alike both to the workmen and management that they had. been able to mutually arrange the safety difficulty in the way it had been accomplished. Work will be resumed after the ex- amination of the colliery. The strike of 1,400 men in demand for the dis- missal of the overmen and firemen has lasted seven weeks.
HOW GERMANY HELD OUT. A CAREFULLY PLANNED SCHEME OF SALVAGE. How is it that the German who had been for nearly four years totally or at least partially blockaded, who was surrounded by starving peoples, who had east all his re- sources, human and material, unreservedly into the business of war. was still able to carry on with vast armies apparently as well equipped as our own, with all the world's markets open to us from which to draw our raw material, and with half the world's fac- tories working overtime on our behalf? This question was recently asked by the Director General of National Salvage, who pointed out that Germany's own production of wool and that of her iielg-iibours was not nearly sufficient for her own needs, and possibly of all materials this is one against the import of which Germany had been most effectively blockaded and yet her armies in the field were nearly, if not quite, as well clad as our own. And the same was true of most other materials, such as fats, oils, metals of all sorts, paper, and leather. Quite early in the war optimists predicted that Ger- many must s-con run short of this, that, or tiie other essential, but after four years she was still fighting, apparently strong, boastful, and well-equipped as ever. How was it done? Py salvage in its widest senses—organised sal- vage, carefully planned and developed for years as part of her preparations for war. I THE ROMANCE OF WASTE PAPER. I Paper has been called the nerve-plasm of the nation, and iC is certain that even if the lack of tmeant nothing more than the dis- appearance of the newspapers, we should fare ill without it. As a matter of fact, its scope i,- a good deal wider than manv people suspect. No fewer than 360 trades depend on a supply of paper. The waste-paper basket, of course, is one of the most important isolirecs of material for the making of new, paper, hut many other I waste materials contribute to our suppC;»."t.lv products ranging from fine writiim paper made from the remnants of white linen, to the I coarse brown paper, for winch old sacking, string, and rone are utilised ,?]!1 more ?urprtsing transformations may be seon in th? smup?es of paper made from sawdust, eoueh ?rass, old canes, and pieces of b?nbo' dunn:.?t- mats, and peapods. So- times the process is reversed. An interesting md hod enables waste paper to be interwoven v. ith waste texti,e, to roake sacking, string, and curtains, and in this connection the enemy's enforced experiments in paper cloth- im.' re wpl1 known. The war has made its claim upon waste paper in the form of cartridge cases, and it can he put to a surprising variety of uses after treatment with wax or shellac varnish. The war-time scarcity of paper has also led to a new use for disused posters. New posters have been printed on the back of them. TRANSFORMATIONS. I Salvage leads to some curious transforma- tions. Fragments of cambric, hosiery, and grey cotton are converted into cellulose, which in it-3 turn takes its place in a surprising variety of products. Here are a few of the new shapes into which cottons can be trans- formed Telephone receivers. Identity discs. Gramophone records. Mouthpieces for tobacco pipes. Fountain pen cases. Discs for gas masks. GARBAGE FOR PIG FOOD. HOW TO PRODUCE MORE BACON AT HOME. The National Salvage Council estimates the amount of pig food available in kitclen refuse at an -average of 51b. per household per week. Fifty local authorities are now keeping pigs mainly on garbage which would otherwise go to waste. The kitchens of Marylebone are j providing food for 200 pigs at the Zoo. j The town of Bury is able to support over 100 pigs on garbage collected from one- eighth of its population. In London, Grimsby, Portsmouth, and other places garbage is being regularly collected from ships in port. Vegetable waste from Covent Garden has been going to feed pigs kept by the City of London. In all parts of vTie country the cam- paign for the utilisation of garbage as pig food has made steady progress during the last six months and in many towns garbage has been supplemented hy food produced from con-. demned meat and slaughter-house refuse. It is interesting to note thai a vigorous cam- paign for the utilisation of garbage as pig food has been set afoot by the Food Adminis- tration in the United States.
CHRISTMAS CHEER. IVell now tor a merry Christmas, Wirh the old time Obiis mas cheers, A dirih of goodwill and wishes, To drive awny sonow and tears. Our advent from woe and horror, To the scene of far better days. Dame Fortune now smitt a upon us, To the future in feindied ways. The turbulent storm has vanished. The b )ur of freedom is nigh. The earth is sw. etened with wisdom, This power cometb from on high. We s e a new inst)i,ation Come to levy the things of earth. To wed and wield the vast forces, Into newness of life and mirth. The chains of tyrranv broken, The self style tods ail gone astray. A marvellous change now breaketh, The dark. sullen night into day. It gladdens the he-trts ot myriads, After sol ving and hercule test, To baun-h the foeq of evil For a future of peace and rest. How pleasant to sit in silence With the surroundings calm and fair. Knowing the folks are all happy With the dove of peace everywhere. There is joy among the Angels, Streams of love from a spirit throng. There's a universal sighing For a Thanksgiving feast of Song. To the dead we bow in silence, In the firm attitude of prayer. God bless every fallen hero, This dire loss we ill could spare. The valour of our brave htert es From the throes of a fiery flame, Be preserved and not forgotten, Thrice carved in the great Hall of fame. To the bramy prime dictators, For revelations of the past "God speed this good old fellowship, That the ties may forever last. From the ravages of warfare Numerous Kingdoms will arise. A Government of the people, Full quota of the Allied prize. An era df reconstruction, That our efforts be multiplied. In the old and new creations, Absorb'd in a fast flowing tide. Come, let us shout the glad tidings, That the peace we sign live for aye, Brotherly love in all nations, To aid us through life's vast broad way. America. GWILYM CARNO
WAR WAGE AND WEEK-END WORK. Mr J. Winstone presided at a meet- ing: of the Executive Council of the South Wales Miners' Federation at CirdifT on Satuiday. A circular was received from the Coal Controller Cl tiveying certain decisions relating to the payment of the war wags for week-end work. The Council not being in agreement with Some of the conclusion-, it was decided to ask the Joint Disputes Committee to consider the. matter with a view to further representations being made to the C,-);,i Controller. A resolution was adopted to the effect that in any colliery where dis- charged sailors and soldiers are em- ployed they shon Id be gi ven the rates of pay of the grade of labour in which they are employed, despite any p hysi- cal disability. The wotkmen at the Treharri a Col. liery were given permission to tender notices in consequence of the alleged refusal of the owners to carry out the previous practice of paying for road posts in the No. 4 seam. It was decided to hold a special meeting of the Council on the 30th inst. to consider the subject of a six- hour day, and any difficulties that might arise with regard to the num- ber of shifts and wages. A report WAS received from Mr Dyer Lewis, divisional mines inspec- tor for Wales. on the subject of gob fires at collieries, and it was resolved to draw the attention of the Home Office and the Miners' Federation of Great Britain to the dangers arising from this source and to press that all colliery workings should be properly I stowed and that all small coal should be sent to the surface. It was decided to ask the Labour Party to take immediate action to secure the abolition of income-tax on wages The Council decided that the officials, together with the nliners' ageti's for the collieries concerned, j wait upon tho Coal Controller with reference to the following disputes Price list at the Namgarw Coliiery, price list at the South Ceiynen Col- Jiery, the door-b\y and house coal deputes at the Arael-Grilffn Colliery, and the price list at the East and West Elliot Collieries.
J & ) Are you FL/OIIT-OR-SORTS DON'T console yourself with the thought that you will be "alright in the morning." The trouble is bound to keep emt on recurring rfo long as that flaw in the working of your liver, M stomach land bowels remains unrepaired. s E Dosing with ordinary mineral compounds and physic will j? K not improve matters. The best thing to do, and the surest way to, JS m stop the mischief, is to take a course of Ker-nak. I Kr-nak does not ?M??. It soothes and rectifies. It Jm ?- removes the cause of that bilious feeling, sick-headache or jg 'Wfc distressing lassitude, and thoroughly revitalises the whole -S ?J? system. So safe, reliable, and beneficial is Ker-nak for Wf ?L old and young that it is recognised as the Family's ￼ ￼ ￼ Favourite Prescription for Stomach, Liver and Blood disorders. Ltd.. Leeds. ￼ Storti, Th' Ker-nak Natural Remeåy, ￼ ￼ ￼ 4Hf- I'NATURAL FAMILY RENE ??N????' ?i'i??'3SS??- ? '?. ?*?'" ￼ ￼ ??t??? ?r.?????? ???????ntM? time to loe;e if yo Nvis h to get t.lic pi k of the 2o,ooo 71 o f f ,i-e(-i it next t,z) FACTORY PRICES t | The w i n d ows at H. Samuel's ;7 L?rge Branches are crow d e d ??0'? t wk Gifts, ?nd you wi)l -ct just what you want at ?m?(*? fM 1^ ^Gifts^ and voir willgrt^ want at N CHARMINC COLD BROOCH. ￼ ￼ f ￼ ￼ ￼ t.??. ￼ § I CHARMING COLD B850CH. 3m** «ml.™V B New design. Set with Pearls and GOLD a: SM BWeMnOmIMCSe c Speci• al iT|\| New d esi g 21/ COLU f f€ Wedding BAquMnann ??? 21/- COLD ??.?<c? .?.,i-?.??S %—\ NATC?.?uHy jewelled. Perfect S????" t ￼ ￼ ￼ ?.?? f\ ?? a ?'?c?ee p er. Gold expanding S? CWO. 30/- ￼ "r"l( i e. fully a n d ad j usted. CYI pr(-,o f Sterling Bea tifully Silver screw CALL Re lial,)'?e t i in c- SEE NOW I kee p er. H an d some WHAT ?N icktlC-qsc l 7 6 YOU VIA Choose your SAVLE v t C(ill T(,-day !????????g???.Case of Six I The ?or/J < Lar? /et?e/?a EI 172, COMMERCIAL U.9 I ma?????=????-?ed Fish ￼ 22, 21 & 26a, HIGH ST. I Fork S.nr6wponT. t N ????T?1.?,nr ??-t'?-??'???????????jt?0/?? '< <t ttttt. Wtt? f<t ?« e<M<tMC??t ?? 1)0. MAMCW W STmT. ANCWHUTD. N0 matter how trivial is your cut or scratch, the safest treatment is to wash the injury and immediately dress it with soothing 2am-Buk. Zam-Buk is a unique Preparat-ion of her- bal extracts which are combined in a way that prodnces Healing, Soothing, Antiseptic powers.
PIG (SALES) ORDER REVOKED. The Pig (Sales) Order, 1918, will be revoked as from the 29th Deeern- j ber. The effect of this will be to I remove most of tho present restric- tions upon tho slaughter and sale of pigs in markets. It is, however, pro- posed to retain the maximum prices of pigs for slaughter, namely, 2Is. per score live weight, and 28s. per score dead weight, and including all offal, or 26s. 9d. per score without offal. Wholesale and/retail meat dealers and bacon curers will continue to buy pigs on permits. All per head charges will be removed, and the maximum retail prices for pork will be reduced by 2d. per lb. as from above date.
roil PKITIG GO TO THE Guard lany Offices' Rhymney.
DEMOBILISATION WARNING. The War Office desire it known that officers and men cannot at pre- sent be demobilised from certain corps in the Army which are essential to the work of demobilising the Army. Applicants for extension of leave or for demobilisation from members of these corps cannot be considered at present even on the production of approved offers of employment from pre-war employers. The fact that employment awaits an individual will be recorded with a view to his being demobilised as early as possi- ble. The corps in question are the Royal Army Service, Ordnance, and Veterinary Corps, Remount Corps, Army Pay Corps and the Directorate of Military Railways, France.
OPERETTA PERFORMANCES AT PONTLOTTYN. Few places have, during the last ten years, produced more cantatas or operettasth an Pontlottyn, aud as a re- sult various churches and other philanthrophic institutions have great- ly benefited. On Tuesday and WEd. nesday evenings in last week the local public were again provided with roost enjoyable treats, when two successful .performances were given at the Cosy Cinema of the pretty operetta, The Mystic Mirror," by the Bethel Sun- day School Choir, assisted by friends, under the efficient conductorship of Mr Tom Davies. The operetta was given in full character, the principal parts being admirably portrayed by the following Pearl, Madam Davies, Fochriw; Violet, Miss Rachel Davies; Betty, Miss Olwen Rees; Prince, Mr David Hughes; Jack Rattlen (a Sailor), Mr J. Pugh; Bill Baruacle, Mr Joseph Thomas Bouncing Billy MrD. J. Jones; King, Mr J. M. Jones; Fairy Sea-foam, Miss Nellie John. Both chorister and artistes, acquitted themselves in a highly meritorious manner, and the painstaking con- ductor (Mr Tom Davies) deserves to be complimented upon the production. The proc eds of the performances were in aid of Bethel English Baptist Church Funds.
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