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TRAIN MURDER CASE.

BURGLAR WITH A HATCHET.

SHOTS AT MILITARY GUARD.

-BUDGET SURPLUS.

BRAVE SHIP'S OFFICER.

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BUS SUPERINTENDENT'S SUICIDE.

AVIATION BY NIGHT.

THE POLITICAL ORTSIS.

POST OFFICE ROBBERY.

REASONABLE PAY FOR CLERGYMEN.

SILVER GfFT TO THE NATION.

NEWS IN BRIEF.

CHANDELIER FATALITY.

THE WRONG OFFICE.

"DEAD MAN'S" CURSES.

A FORGOTTEN BRITISH ISLAND.

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| ANCIENT SURGEUY.

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ANCIENT SURGEUY. OPERATIONS OF 2,000 YEARS AGO INT ERE STING DISCO VEIIIE S. A set of thirty-seven very remarkable am ient- Greek surgical instruments has been discovered near the site of Koloohon, in Ionia, and has been brought to England. The instruments, says a correspondent of the Tint* show a typo of workmanship un- equalled in any oHser extant speciim' 's, and generally reveal the very great- progress in s!'i.ery which the ancients achieved. The date. though somewhat uncertain, is probably the fir.t or -seeond century A.D. With two exceptions, all the instruments are of bronze. The blades of the knives were originally of steel, but in each case this metal 11) been almost completely destroyed i, oxidation (rust). It is an interesting fact that in ancient tims knives were made either of st< ae or bronze. This custom was followed net be- cau.e iron II nknow 11, but because that metal was hekl in superstitious fear. FOR EXTRACTING ARROW HEADS. Amongst tlio hve pairs ot torceps or grip- per-s in ihe find is a large and beautifully- made instrument, the handles of which are shaped to represent two dolphins. This is probably a pair of "polypus" forcep-s, used for removing growths. The" bitiJ" of the teeth is i-lrong and clos€. Another interest- ing pair of foreojis is that used for extracting arrow and lance h-eads from wounds. An elevator for raising depressed1 bone is another interesting exhibit. Its presence in the colkvron would seem to prove that after-, battle efforts must have been made to treat surgically even the most serious wounds of the skull. Modern surgeons are apt to ,+,ry is a r?ce-?,tit dis- imagine that brain surgery is a recent dis- covery, and that operations for the elevation of pieces of depressed bone were invented within living memory. Another and still more remarkable brain instrument is the "drill-bow" lor operating a skull trephine. EVIL SPIRITS' ESCAPE. Far from being a triumph of modern sur- gery, skull trephining or trepanning is a very ancient r-'e-,louvre. Skulls have been dis- covered again and again showing trephine openings, and the natives of the South Sea Islands are actually known to practise the operation. In Classic times this was not undertaken, as at present, to relieve the pressure from an abscess or an effusion of blood, but to allow exit to the evil spirit supposed to be troubling an insane or epileptic patient. That thf Greek and Roman surgeons achieved uood results is certain. Probably the nnrtv of the atmosphere in which they wovke-' made them to f-m" extent indepen- dent of antiseptics. They used mandragora juiee o-- i.tn.pi.j as antw li.et.ics. I

FRENCH STEAMER SUNK.

PICTURES ON GOOD FRIDAY.

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