THE OMNIBUS. IThings Seen and Heard by the Cmducior.\ The leek predominated on Satmday last. There was no rationing. » ? Llandovery pays a salary of one shilling to its Mayor annually. To protect Buckingham Palace against air- craft attacks cost £ 4,828. XV, Are we going to have a Working Men s; Club at Ammanford? They say so. We are in for something great at the Palace Theatre duaang Easter week. Llandilo claims to be the only town wheTe the main road passes through the churchyard. ? No wonder the kiddies looked pleased on Tuesday morning last. It was Shrove Tues- day. ? The historic event at Westminster School of toss ing the pancake took place on Tuesday. We wonder if Mr. Horatio Bottomley, M.P., knows that he has his equal at Ammanford? Often we are tickled, yet cannot say why; often, when we say why ,the other fellow is not tickled. ? Recruits are joining the new Army at the rate of 1,000 a day. A case of Fall in and iollow me." ? Why is it that the local branch of the Dis- charged Soldiers' and Sailors' Federation has become defunct? ? A Swansea advocate gives a brilliant pic- ture of a Llandilo hostelry. He describes it as The Landmark." The Llandilo magistrates are keen on lengthy sittings. They finished at 7.30 p.m. on Saturday last. I have great sympathy with the work- men's children."—The Rev. J. Griffiths, B.A., B.D., this week. We came in for a share of sweetstuffs at the Police Court on Monday, and there were some jammy cases heard. Poor old Dilly and Dally secured a prize at a fancy dress ball held recently. It is best to be slow but sure. The American Secret Service, it is stated, have discovered proofs of a Russo-German conspiracy against the Allies. To meet the increased cost of material and other things involved a levy of 25 million pounds on the coal consumer. ? Brynamman has recently raised a fund of £600 towards providing an organ at one of the local chapels. Well done. The Ammanford magistrates' clerk is be- coming popular for his jocular sayings. On Monday last he created another hit." ? A correspondent enquires if the Amman- ford Fire Brigade is now in existence, and aa to when practices axe held. We don't know. At Llandilo, it was reported that there were five licensed premises within a hundred yards. And yet there is a shortage—of beer. Are we not building castles in the air "? A speaker recently hinted at a possible elec- tric tram service through the Amman Valley. » ? The Anunanford Rugby Football Club is cunning a tournament during Easter week. Numerous entries are expected and keen games anticipated. The chair was filled by Mr. So states a Swansea weekly. What can we expect, when the gentleman was of no small stature and weight? Canvassing for the County Council election, which takes place on Saturday next, is going strong. One candidate has divided the area into 18 separate districts. Aid. T. Watkins, Llandovery, who is 80 years of age, has been a member of the Llandovery Town Council for the past 40 years. A worthy record. A local scribbler complains bitterly of the profiteering going on in the sale of notebooks. Not far from Llandilo recently the sum of lOd. was charged for one. ? As a youngster the well-known Labour leader, Mr. J. R. Clynes, M.P., had to get up at 4.30 a.m. to go to work. A case of early to bed and early to rise. The perfect and historical phrases used by some of our lovers of the dancing art can be accounted for when their car bleaks down umpteen miles from nowhere. A defendant charged with drunkenness, bearing the same name as a celebrated brand of brandies, was at the Police Court on Monday advised to dissolve partnership. ? A case under consideration at the Llan- dovery Board of Guardians on Saturday was one of the first on the books since the appoint- ment of the relieving officer some 38 years ago. ? There is nothing new under the sun. The strike is not a modern invention. There is on record a strike which took place 33 cen- turies ago in ancient Egypt. The strikers were the masons at work on the Temple of Mut in Thebes, in the 14th century B.C. ? Sayings at Bryna.mman:- It is to be deplored that Labour suffers Godless men to Jead it on its way." —Mr. Roland Thomas, M.A., on Saturday last. There is more honour to be a deacon in the House of God than to be a member of Parliament. I mean a deacon in the true sense of the word, and not a Ciniema deacon." Rev. J. Lee Davies. The world is in a state of convulsion and unrest, and only a bold man would venture to predict what is going to happen. Russia has gone to destruction. Germany is also going to pieces. Both these countries are utterly lacking in cohesion, and their suffer- ings are acute. Great Bri/ain is once more called out to save the world."—The Prime Minister, speaking this, week at the National industrial Conference. ill A question was asked in the House of Commons this week as to why the output of coal per man employed in America was mow than double the output per man in Great Britain. The Under-Secretary of the Board of Trade said th? the Ifts of pits in the Ut?ted States were shallower than those in this couiury ill; easier to work; also that the application of machinery to the mines in America was more developed.
Outlines of Local Government [By Rev. J. GRIFFITHS, B.A., B.D.] PUBLIC HEALTH. Chief Legal Enactments. Early sanitary legislation was in the form of local legislation mtroduced by progressive towns. The Industrial Revolution emphasised the necess-ity for collective action, with the result that, under the influence of the fol- lowers of Jeremy Bentham, certain Model Clauses Acts were passed between 1845 and 1847. The first Public Health Act was passed in 1848, establishing a Central Board of Health, which was an evidence of the tendency to centralisation which had won its greatest victory in 1834. This experiment failed, and the Central Board only existed until 1854. The reasons for Its failure were three:— 1. It had grave defects of organisatioo-no Parliamentary head. 2. The period was for laissex-faire," and the coercive powers of the Board ren i dered it very unpopular. 3. Whilst it had power to enforce action, it had no power to enforce efficient action. Note particularly the PubIic Health Acts of 1872 and 1875 (the one dividing the country into Urban and Rural Sanitary Dis- tricts, the other giving a definite Sanitary Code), the Public Health Amendment Act, 1890, the Housing of the Working Classes Act, 1890, and its Amending' Acts of 190Ql and 1903, and the Public Health (London) Act, 1891. The Authorities and Their Powers. A. The County Councils. The Council of each administrative county is chaTged with the oversight of the sanitary administration within its area (except in municipal boroughs), and for that purpose a medicdl officer is usually appointed to watch the work done by the various authorities, and report thereon to his Council. The medical officers of counties are usually men of con- siderable qualifications and ability, and their amroual reports are in many cases documents of considerable importance as contributions to scientific knowledge. B. The Councils of Sanitary Districts. From the point of view of sanitary legis- lation the country is divided into urban and rural sanitary districts—the former including all municipal boroughs and t4he urban districts established in 1894, and the latter being the rural districts. There are some powers which are common to the authorities of both groups of districts, whilst naturally there are others which normally are needed for urban areas only. The following are some of the powers and duties that are common to urban and rural sanitary authorities:— (1) Sewerage and drainage; (2) Provision of water supply; (3) Inspection and prevention of nuisances; (4) Registration and inspection of work shops and domestic factories, including bakehouses and laundries; (5) Collection and removail of house refuse; (6) Provision, oif hospitals, mortuaries, cemeteries, and crematoria, &c. Urban Sanitary Authorities have powers also in regard to:- (1) Cleansing and scavenging of streets; (2) Provision of baths and wash-houses; (3) Town improvements. The Councils of the more important muni cipal boroughs have further powers. C. The Sanitary Authorities in London. Note the powers and duties of:- (1) London County Council; (2) Metro- politan Water Board; (3) The Metropolitan Borough Councils; (4) Corporation of the City; (5) Metropolitan Asylums Board. The Officers of Sanitary Authorities. I Every Sanitary Authority must appoint a medical oiffcer and one or more sanitairy in- spectors, and County Councils and the Coun- cils of certain municipal boroughs appoint analysts. Powers and Duties of Local Government Board in Matters of Public Health. 1. Advice and Guidance-by conferences held both in London and locally. 2. Enquiry: (a) Routine; (b) Special. These are followed by recommendations or directions to the Local Authority. 3. Directoona to exercise certain dis- cretionary duties." 4. Authorisation of action in certain direc- tions. 5. Eniforcement of duties neglected. 6. The issue of regulations as in the case of Epidemics. 7. General Supervision; Collection of Reports; and issue of its own Report. 8. Control of the nnanciailactioos of Sani tary Authorities (except Municipal Coun- cils) Protection of Food Supply. Under Section 116 of the Public Health Act, 1875, any medical oiffcer or sanitary inspector may at aU reasonable times in- spect and examine any animal, carcass, meat, poultry, game, flesh, fish, fruit, vegetables, corn, bread, flour or milk intended for the food of -man and if it is diseased or unsound or unwholesome or unfit for the food' of man," it may be seized by the officer and condemned by a justice, apart from any other penality inflicted on the purveyor or other person concerned. Section 28 of the Public Health Amend ment Act, 1890, extends this to all articles intended for the food, of man, soldi or ex- posed for sale, or of preparation for sale." Proposed Ministry of Health. At present there is a large amount of over- lapping in the various Government Depart- ments supervising the health of the country. Medical matters are the side show of a host of Departments, including the Home Office, the Local Government Board, the Board of Education, the Insurance Commis- sions, the Port of London Authority, the Poor Law, to say nothing of the Colonial Office and the India Office. This, of course, can hardly fail to lead to friction, unneces- sary expense, and waste of energy. The only satisfactory method of removing over- lapping is to have one Health Department, and, m order to secure the necessary co- operation with the general practitioner, ÎiI: is proposed to have an Advisory Medical Coun- cil to assist the Department. On February 26th, The Ministry of Health Bill was introduced in the House of Com- mons. The Bill related only to the setting up of a Council, an organisation which would have transferred to it the powers and duties of the Local Government Board regarding public health; the duties of Insurance Com- missioners; powers cf the Board of Educa- tion with respect to the mothers and nursery children; the powers of the Privy Council under the Midwives Act; and the Adminis- tration of Part 1. of tike Children Art relat- ing to infant life protection. There was an- other group of matters in regard to which it was proposed to take process, viz., duties relating to the treatment of mental defectives, duties of the Ministry of Pensions in regard to disabled soldi ers, and the services of the Board of Education in respect of medical inspection. The reason why this group was put in a second category was that it was con- sidered the first group of subjects was quite enough to tackle at the beginning of the Ministry. There was another reason. The medical questions relating to the second category had to be disentangled from other questions. The Ministry did not propose to take over the central medical research organ- isation, but transfer it to the Privy Council. The reason was because it was the common servant of all departments." Bibliography. (1) I he Health of the State. Dr. G. Newman. Headley). (Is. net. (2) Public Health and Housing. J. F. Sykes. (3) Guide to the Public Health Acts and the L.G. Acts. L. Caches. 3s. 6d. (4) A National Medical Service. F. Lawson Dodd. (Fabian Tract). 2d. HICHW A YS. STREETS AND BRIDGES. Note the chief enactments affecting the control of Highways:— ( I) The Act of 1555 created the Surveyor of Highways, and made occupying inhabitants responsible for the making and maintenance of roads. (2) General Highway Act, 1835, developed the system of maintenance with a surveyor for each parish, who might be a salaried official empowered to levy a rate. (3) Public Health Act, 1848, made the new Local Boards of Health as the Urban Sanitary Authority the Surveyor of Highways. (4) The Local Government Act, 1888, made County Councils responsible for the maintenance of imajirt Roads, but entitled the Urban District Councils to manage their several tengths of main roads and to be re- imbursed by the County Councils the exact cost thereof. (5) Secondary Roads are administered by the Sanitary Authorities—Borough, Urban, and Rural District Councils. (6) Footpaths. By the Local Government Act, 1894, the District Council was made liable for the maintenance of footpaths, as well as highways. Parish Councils may undertake the m-?mter.arce of any footpath not being by the side of a public road. (7) The Private Street Works Act, 1892, provides facilities for the recovery from the owner of expenses of making private streets. (8) Bridges. By the Act of 1888, the making of bridges was entrusted to County Councils. Highways are created (1) by statute, or (2) by dedication to the public. The method of closing or diverting a public highway as unnecessary, is a cumbrous one. The Parish Council and the District Council must consent, and even then the Parish Meet- ing may veto the proposal. The District Council is now the Highway Authority, and every District Council, whether Urban and Rural, has the duties, liabilities, and powers of a Surveyor of Highways. Note also that a Parish Council or Parish Meeting may make xepresentations to the County Council, which can do the work at the expense of the District Council if it thinks fit. By the Act of 1888, every main road and J every bridge carrying such a road is vested in the County Council, and repairs may be done by this body, or it may make arrange- ments with the District Council. The only ways which a Parish Council may maintain are those public footpaths which are not beside a road. See Notes on The Road Board and the Development Commission under the section, Central Authorities." A Bill is being introduced in Parliament I to establish A Ministry of Ways and Communications, and for purposes connected therewith. The object of the Bill is to co-ordinate all means of tranispofrt-railways, canals, roads.. It is also proposed to take over the control of elec- tricity. Bibiography. Guide to the Law Relating to Highways, I Bridges, Footpaths, Rivers, &c. L. Gaches. I 2s. 6d. THE POLICE. I Since 1882, no separate police force can be established in boroughs with less than 20,000 inhabitants, and the Local Govern- ment Act, 1888, transferred the policing of all boroughs with less than 10,000 inhabi- tants to the county authorities. The same transference can be made in the case of other boroughs by consent. The remaining inde- pendent police authorities are:— (1) The County Police. fit the counties the constabulary force is controlled by a Standing Joint Committee, consisting of an equal number of justices and of members of the County Council. The Committee re- ceives its funds from the County Council and reports to it, but is in administrative matters independent. It appoint stlhe Chief Con- stable and the Clerk of the Peace. (2) Borough Police. Most of the larger boroughs have a police force of their own separate from the county police. The con- troll of the borough police is entrusted to a I committee of the Council called the Watch Committee, consisting of not more than one- third of the members of the Council, together with the Mayor. (3) The City of London Police is in one respect unique, inasmuch as it does not re- ceive, like similar forces in other parts of the kingdom, a grant from the Government to- wards its support. It is raised and organised under the City of London Police Act, 1839, and is controlled by a committee appointed by the Court of Common Council. (4) The Metropolitan Force is a distinct force and has no connection with the City Police. It consists of 16,520 men, and ad- ministers a vast area, which includes the County of London, the County of Middlesex, &c. It is controlled solely by the Home Office, thought the local authorities bear practically the whole cost. Inspection. The Home Secretary appoints Inspectors of ConstabulLary for visiting and enquiring into Ae state and efficiency of the force, and each Inspector is required to report generally upon these matters to the Secretary of the State. Expenses. Un a certificate from tihe Home Secretary that an efficient police is established, one- half of the cost of pay and clothing of every force is contributed from the Exchequer Con- tribution Account. The balance is defrayed, in the 'case of the Borough, out of the Borough Fund or Watch Rate, and in the County as Special Expenses charge out of the County Fund. Officers of the Force. (1) Chief Constable. (2) Superintendents. (3) Inspectors. (4) Sergeants. (5) Constables.
I Garnant Funeral. I AN IMPRESSIVE SERVICE. On Wednesday of last week, a large and representative gathering of mourners and friends from a wide area attended to pay the last tribute to the mortal remains of Miss Maggie Morris, Brown Hill Villa, Gamant. It was estimated that about 800 were present at the sad event. This testifies to the high esteem in which the deceased lady was held. The cortege wes headed by the district police officers and the Valley Justices of the Peace, including Lieut.-Co!. W. N. Jones, J.P., Dyffryn, Ammanford; Ald. W. J. Williams, J.P., Brynamman; Councillor Jack Rees, J.P., GaTnant; Councillor Willie Roberts, Garnant; Mr. D. Lewis, M.E., Llangy- felach; Mr. P. F. J. Bosisto, Palace, Ammanford; Mr. John Parry, architect and surveyor, Ammanford; Mr. T. R. Thomas, schoolmaster, Glanamman; Mr. Edwards, schoolmaster, Gamant; and others. The Bethesda Chapel Choir was strongly repre- sented, the deceased being a faithful and assiduous member of same. The coffin was literally covered with floral tokens of respect laid thereon by Ann, Tom and Eleazer (sister and brothers) Frank and Jessie (brother-in-law and sister) Norrie Parfitt (nephew) Ray Morris (niece) Auntie Ann and Cousins; Claudia and Mrs. Thomas; BIodie Williams; Tom aid Mrs. Morris, Wellfield Works, Llanelly (cousins) Mrs. Parfitt and family, Bristol; Mr. J. Jones and family; Mr. and Mrs. Jones, Halt Moon Hotel; Mr. Griffiths, Greenfield House; Mary and Mary Ann Richards, Greenlands; Addie, Rosina and Maggie May; Mrs. Hill and Mrs. Bowen; Angharad Evans; Rosie and Florrie; Lieut.-Col. W. N. Jones, J.P., Dyffryn; Mrs. Lea and family; and Mrs. Thomas. The chief mourners were :-CoWbCillor T. E. Morris, J.P. (brother) Miss Ann Morris (sister) Mr. and Mrs. Willie Morris (bro- ther and sister-in-law) and family; Mr. and Mrs. John Morris (brother and sister-in-law) Mr. and Mrs. Frank Parfitt, Cardiff (brother- iw-daw and sister) Mr. Eleazer Morris (brother) Mrs. Davies, Bethesda Villa, Mrs. Parry, Telegraph Hotel, Ammanford, Mrs. F-astmert, Gwyn Villa, P ontardulais, and Mr. David Beynon, Albion Colliery, Cilfynydd (aunts and uncle) Misses Maude Morris, Cardiff, Irene May Thomas, Moun- tain Ash, Ray Morris and Blodwen Morgan, Garnant (nieces) Mr. and Mrs. Mordecai Lewis, Glanamman; Mr. Isaac Isaac, Moun- tain Ash; Mr. and Mrs. David Evans, Gar- nant: Mr. and Mrs. Tom Davies, Glan- amman,; Mr. and Mrs. Ben Jones (band- master), Glanamman; Mr. and ,Mrs. John Hopkins, Glanamman; Mrs. Tom Lewis, M.E., Abercynon; Mr. and Mrs. Gwilym Thomas, Mountain Ash; Mrs. Evan Wil- liams, M.E., Maerdy; Mrs. Willie Evans, Cilfynydd; Mr. and Mrs. John Francis, Isfryn, Pontardulais; Mr. and Mrs. Morley Lewis, Wellfield Works Offices, Llanelly; Mr. and Mrs. D. D. Thomas, Tanymynydd, Brynamman; Mr. Gomer Morris, Colliers' Arms, Garnant; Mr. W. J. Bowen and Miss Jane Bowen, Morriston; Mr. and Mrs. Wm. John, Llansamlet; Miss Mary Jenkins, Morriston; Miss Rachel Walters, Bryn- amman; Mr. Eben Morris, Gwaun-cae- gurwen; Mrs. John Parry, surveyor, Amman- ford Mrs. Owen Rees, Brynamman; Mr. T. i Morris Walters (Butts), Brynamipan; Messrs. John and Rees Cope and family, Ystalyfera; Miss Ann Davies; Mrs. Hicks; Mr. and Mrs. J. Evans, Gwaun-cae-gurwen; Mr. Isaac Thomas Morgan, Camant; Mrs. J. Davies, Cawdor Colliery; Mr. Walter Morris, Glanamman; Mrs. Jenkins, Cae- gurwen Hotel; and Mrs. Davies, Billiard Rooms, Cwmgorse (cousins). An impressive service was conducted at the house and graveside by the Rev. J. Thomas, pastor of Bethesda, where deceased was a faithful member and chorister. The Revs. G. C. Rees, Whitland; — Jones, Calfaria, Garnant; and J. Lee Davies, Bryn- amman, also took part, and referred to the immaculate character, genial disposition, and pious traits of the departed lady. A large number of letters expressing sym- pathy with the family were received from friends and relatives failing to attend.
— Forthcoming Musical Treat. Ammanford and district music-lovers are guaranteed a splendid feast in the near future. The visit of Mr. Charles Tree to our town will be hailed as the event of the season. His credentials are so well known that we need not here re-state them.. He is undoubtedly the finest artiste that has ever been invited to our midst. Mr. Tilee has stated that he is looking forward to this engagement. In submitting his songs before a Welsh audience, he knows that there will be critical and keen judges. We extend our congratulations to the English Baptist Church upon embarking on this magnificent effort to provide a musical treat. They deserve every encouragement, and we feel that the people of Ammanford and surrounding districts will not be slow in providing support. Support- ing Mr. Tree will be several National winners, who have proved their worth throughout Wales. Requests are coming from Llandilo, Brynamman, Garnant, Saron, and other neighbouring villages to reserve seats. We should not forget that in support- ing the church we are also providing financial assistance towards their Building Fund. In every respect we want this to be the event of the year. The Palace should be packed to the roof. Rally, music-lovers, and support in every possible way. Reserved seats can be booked with the following:—Rev. Morgan Thomas, Caerarba, Llandebie Road; Messrs. W. Walters, The Square; and E. irlowells, Anwylfan, High Street, Ammanford. Remember the date—April 2nd. Keep the evening open for this special occasion.
IOLD COLLEGE SCHOOL, CARMARTHEN. On Monday evening, a valedictory service was held at Banicyf elm for the purpose of presenting Mr. Frank Thomas, their pastor until the end of last year, with a testimonial, comprising Treasury notes and other gifts, 00 his leaving for Tredegar. As our readers are wdll aware, Mr. Thomas accepted a call from the Welsh Church in that town last November. He commenced duties in his new sphere of labour last Sunday. He will be ordained to the full work of the ministry next nth at Ab er- month at Aberystwyth. He was coached privately for the Synodical Examination by th- Rev. J. B. Thomas, Old College School,
AT EIN GOHEBWYR AC ERAILL. Y sgri/aa, Barddoniaeth, Nodhn, Hanesion, a Gohebiaethcm i'w hanfon cyn GYNTED YN YR WYTHNOS ag y byddo inodd (r GOLYGYDD, CRONICL DYFFRYN AMAN," I AMANFORD. ———————————————————————————
[Er ein bod yn rhoddi pob cyflenstra i ohebwyr ddatgan eu barn ar gwestiyrmcm lleol, nid ydyw hynny i olygu em bod yn cydsynio A'n daliadau.GOL.]
I Gwyl Dewi ym Mrynaman. Dathlwyd Gwyl Dewi Sant ym Mryn- aman a chyngerdd mawreddog nos Sadwm diweddaf, pryd y daeth gynulleidfa weddol gref i Capel Gibea, y man cytarfod. Llywydd- wyd ar yr achlysur gan y Parch. W. D. Thomas. Agorodd y pwygraifft gydag aTaith yn detio ag amcan yr wyl, sef cynorthwyo y miliwyr a' r morwyr dychweledig o 'r frwydr fawr. Yr oedd yr amcan yn gydnaws a i Sarut, canys treuliodd Dewi ei oes i gynorth- wya ei gyd-ddynian. Hysbysodd y gynull- eidfa fod Isynys yn methu bod yn bre- sennol oherwydd marwolaeth ei annwyl dad. Efe oedd yr arweinydd bwriadedig. Cyd- ymdeimlwyd ag ef yn. fawr yn ei ofid. Galwyd ar y Bonwr Edward Morgan t roddi detholiad ar yr organ, yr hyn a wnaeth yn iganmoladwy iawn. Canodd) y Bonwr Hencry Roberts, Gorseinon, Y Marchog nes ennill edmygedd y dorf i'r fath raddau nes gorfu iddo ail-ymddangos. Canodd eto yn gymeradwy iawn. Y ddatganyddes boblogaidd, Miss Mair Jones, o Dref Myrddin, alwyd llwyfan nesaf, a gwefr- eiddiodd ei gwrandawyr a swynol ganiad o Ysbryd y Mynydd." Gorfu hithau ddych- welyd i dawelu y storom o guro dwylo. Torrodd y storm allan dlwaith wedi iddi orffen yr arall ddarn. Ymddangoaodd yr adroddwr nerthol, Mr. loan Roberts, o Lan- aman, o flaen y llu, a rhoddodd dehongliad effeithiol o Rhaid i mi garu Cymru," a rhaid fu iddo yntau adesgyn y pulpud i gyd- nabod a dam atrall uchel gymeradwyaeth y gynulleidfa. I ganlyni cafwyd araith beni- gamp athroaiyddbl gan y bonwr galluog, dwfn feddyliicl, Mr. Rolant Thomas, Meistr y Cetfau, Aberhonddu. Ei destyn oedd gwestiwn egluirodd ac atebodd yn feistrolgar dros ben, Beth aim Gwyl Dewi? Anelu wnaeth at gyfuno'r byd heb anwybyddu cenhedlaetholdeb. Rhaid oedd camu dros ffiniau cenedl er mwyn llesoli'f byd. Os yw cia plifCh i Ddewi yn golygu amharch I r gwedditl o ddynoiiacla, nid ydym yn unol ag athrawiaeth Crist. Carodd Ef y byd yn gyfan. Os yw ein cariad yn gyfyngedig i Ddewi a'n gwlad yn unig, diflaned yr wyl yn ebrwydd. Os na wynebwn y cwestiwn yn yr ystyr eang hon, gwna"r mudiadau ar fudiadau ffurfir y dyddiau rhain ein gorfodi i wneud hynny. Beth yw dynotiaeth? Yr egwyddor gysylltliol sydd yn rhedeg trwy drigollion y byd, neu, mewn ystyr arall, unol- iaeth rhwng bodau dynoil y byd. Eglurodd yr areithydd yn feistrolgar, trwy gymeryd y goeden yn engraifft, fel yr oedd y ddyncl- meth a natur yn organaidd; ond er yn cael eu gwneud i fyny o rannau, cyfryngau oedd y rhannau i wneud y cyfanwaith perffaith. Felly yr oedd mewn cerddoriaeth, barddon- ,iaeth, &c. Dadgysylltir un rhan o'r blodeuyn, amherir y tlysyn bychan. Tynner nodyn aldian o ddarn carddbrol, gwneir y daimi yn ddi-ddelfryd, ac felly hefyd bydd y canlyniad os gwneir hynny a phennill. Os anafir rhan o'r byd, fe deimla yr holl fyd. Rhaid yw cael dynoliaeth byd lydan, ond cyn gellir cael hynny rhaid i ni wneud -in rhaai yn y cylch bychan y bodolwn ynddo. Mae'iII: bwysig i ni beidio anghofio'r cyfan trwy orbwysleisio ar y rhan. Mae cenhedlaetholdeb yn golygu caru'r byd a mCioOLi dynOliaeth. Mae pob cenedl yn meddu ar nodweddion arbennig, a chymaru nod- weddlion Cymru ag erail o wledydd. Mae un peth neilltuol yn rhagon gennym ni, a hynny yw ein gwerm ddiwylliedig. Cawn yma bllant gweithwyr yn ysgolorion, beirdd, cerddorion o fri. Diolch i'r Eisteddfod am hynny. Gwnawn ymdrech i'w chadw yn fyw. Ond gresyn yw meddwl ei bod megis yn rhydu dan eir. dwylo, ac yn rhwydJ oddefcol yn cael ei Seisnigeiddio mewn ffurf a natur. Nid wyf dros gau dorau Cymru i bopeth esibronoi, ond ni ddylid agor et mynwes i ddim ond yr hym sy'n gydnaws a'i hanian. Ffuirfii bywyd dyn a chenedl dan ddylanwad traddodiadau y gorffennol a delfrydau y dyfodol. Felly tebyg traddododd y Bonwr Didymus yn awr gydag arddeliad. Cymerwyd yr adran olaif o'r rhaglen i fyny gan y dat- ganwyr a r adroddwr, a dangosodd y dorf yr un gweirthfawrogiad brwdlfrydig o'u cyfran- iadau adeiladol a melys ag yrt y Than agor- iadol. Gresyn fod cynnifer o seddau gweigion mudion yn y wledd, tra n gwarged yn myned i chwyddo Trysorfa y Milwyr a'r Morwyr, a chwmni uwchraddol eu safon wedi eu ymrwymo ^ar yr amgylchiad. Gwisgwyd y genmen werdd gan liaws yn ystod y dydd, a gwisgwyd diwyg Cymru Fu gan lawer o blaxit y pentre. Dathlwyd yr wyl yn y dull arferol yn yr ysigolion dyddiol ar ffurf eyngerddau Cymraeg. Gofod warafun rhoddi manylion y cyfryw yma, ond tebyg y ceir kwynt mewn corIgI arall yn llawnach, hwyr neu hwyrach. Disgwylir y cyfryw i law yn fuan. B.
PENYGROES. Llongyfarchwn y brawd J. R. Morgan (Blaenfab) ar ei fuddugoliaeth yn Eistedd- fod Pontyberem, y Sadwrn diweddaf, Mawrth 1, yn ennill cadair arall. Dyma'r wythfed cadair ar hugain iddo ennill, heblaw y llu o wobrwyon erall, ac y mae yn ymddangos ei fod yn ad roddwr meistrolgar, gan ei fod wedi cipio cymaint o wobrwyon o dan wahanol feirniaid. Y mae bechgyn fel yma yn glod ac yn help i r ardal. Pob Ilwydd iddo eto yn y dyfodol. Yr wyf wedi clywed ei fod ef a'i gwmni wedi penderfynnn ail- berfformio y ddrama boblogaidd, Jack, y Bachgen Drwg," o ba un y cawsom wledd ardderchog ganddynt ers rhyw saitb mlynedd yn ol; ac y mae llawer fel minnau yn dyheu am ei chlywed eto. I GWYLIEDYDD.
I ADGOF. I (Baddugol). Aur udgom ydyw'r adgo'-hwn eilw Helynt oes o'i amdo; Dawn i waith mewn dyn yw o, Mewn henainf, nid yw' n huno. I B. H. JONES ( M ab-yr-Awen). I Penggroes.
Notiion o Benygroes. Social.-Da genoym glywed fod y Social a gynhaliwyd yn y We uchod wedi troi allan yn Ilwyddiannius, ac fod elw pur dda wedi ei wneud o'r cyfryw. Ctbyn Cyffredinol.—Deallir fod cyn cyfrredinol yn bodoli ym Mhenygroes oher- wydd yr arferiad o gadw arian y Band yn ol o gyflog y gweithiwT tlawd. Drama Netoydd.-Deanwn fod drama newydd ar waith gan rai o brif dalentau y Mystifydd Mawr, a mwy na thebyg, pan ddaw hon i berfformiad, cawn rywbeth a thipyn o adeiladaeth ynddo. Llwyddiant. Llangathen.—Nos Sadwm diweddaf, aeth nifer o fechgyn o Benygroes i Eisteddfod yn y lie hwn. Ond gwyddoch chwi, Mr. Gol., pryd daethant yn ol? Hanner awr wedi pedwilr bore dydd Sul. Yn sicr i chwi nid dyna i esiampl adawodd Dewi Sant aT ei ol i ni. Gorslas.-Pan ar fy adanedd yn ehedeg heibio'r lie hwn pa ddydd, cefais ar ddeall fod rhywun-ni wnawn ei enwi y tro hwn- wedi chwarae tro creulon ag un o wýr y brethyn llwyd, sef Iladrata ei gariad. Dyma'lf result, mae'n debyg, a basiwyd ar y Bont: Y bydd yma Demonstration cyffredinol ar fyr o dro os na ddaw eiddo Cesar yn 01 i Cesar. Ehedydd Caerbryn.Yr wythnos ddi- weddaif, darlilenasom benillion gan yr Ehedydd hwn ar Y Sosialydd Glofaol. Rhagor o benillion or fath fuasai o fendlith, o bosibl, i lawer German Socialist sy'n ddigon hy a beiddigar i fynd i bantri ei gyd-weithiwr. Ond cofied y Socialist hwn y geilw Duw ef i'r fam am hyn old. Cyngerdd.-Nos Wener diweddaf, cynhal- iwyd cwrdd croeso i nifer o feehgyn ar eu dychweliadi adref o ffwmes- Ffrainc. Cadeir- iwyd gan Mr. D. Williams (bandmaster). Yr oedd y Festri yn orlawn, a chaifwyd unawdau ac adroddiadau gan dalentau o'r cylch. Cyflwynwyd y rhodd arferol ,ïr milwyr, ac aeth pawb j' w le ei hun wedi mwynhau noson ddifyrrus. Gwyl Ddewi.- Y Sadwrn, diweddaf, dathlwyd yr wyl uchod yn FeSJtrïr Annibyn- wyr. Cadeiriwyd yn feistrolgar gan Mrs. Maggie Rees, Glanrhyd. Beimiadwyd y gerddoriaeth gan Miss L. M. Davies, Cwm- cadno; a'x amrywiaeth gan Miss Maude Evans (Llanferch), Llandebie. Yr oedd yna gyrwiilleidfa dda, a chystadhr brwd ymhob ad ran. Yr elw'n mynd i Drysorfa'r Ysgol Sul. Trodd y cyfan allan yn llwydd- iant, er mai y rhyw deg oedd wrtn wraidd yr oil y tro hwn. Dcallwn fod yma un. arall i fod diwedd y mis hwn dan nawdd y P wy liligor Croesawi. HEDYDD Y BORE. I
Llsffisd 0 Latifibanpi. I Disgyn i'r fynwent yn barhaus mae rhai o ffyddloniaid y cylch. Y bedd oer a'i safn agored sydd o hyd yn derbyn ei ddeiliaid. Yr wythnos o'r blaen claddwyd gweddillion marwol Mrs. Roberts, Bryngwyne. Torrwyd hi ymaith braidd yn sydyn wedi gyrfa faith a heinyf yn nhaith yr anial, pan yn 75 mlwydd oed. Gosodwyd hi i orwedd ym mangre'r teulu ym Milo, a gwasanaethwyd gan y Parchn. W. Bowen, ei gweinidog, a T. Thomas, Carmel. Heddwch ïw llwch. Eto, dydd Mawrth diweddaf, gosodwyd cymeriad arall uchet ei barch i ddisgyn i'r pridd, ym mherson Mrs. Williams, Berrach. Er fod yr adeilad i'w ganfod yr: araf ym- ddatod o hoel i hoel bellach ers dwy flynedd, eto ni feddyliasom fod y dadfeiliad llwyr mor agos. Diffoddodd ei bywyd gwas- anaethgar ar hanner llosgi allan. Cafodd gyn- hebrwrug lluosog, a damgoswyd iddi y parch dyfnaf drwy yr afrifed gwelnidogion wasan- aethant. Nerth gaffo'r priod annwyl a'r plant galarus i sychu eu dagrau yn yr ym- wybyddiaeth sicr fod asgraff y Brenin wedi ei chludo drosodd yn ddiogel drwy rydiau'r afon. < Wedi tymor maith o hiT nychdod, dis- gynnodd ym mhellach .j',r glyn fywyd di- ymhongar Mr. Morgan Evans, gynt o Banty- Ibm. Syml);lor1 r!¡ J yr wythnos cyn y diweddaf i ardal Penrhiwgoch, ond daeth symudiad pellach t'w ran—croesodd i wlad yr hedd tragwyddol, a gosodwyd ei weddillion marwol i orwedd ym mynwent Cefnberrach dydd lau diweddaf. Nawddi y Nef fyddo dTos y weddw ieuanc a'i phlantos bychain yn eu hamdifadrwydd blin. Esmwyth hun i'r marw. m Yr wythnos nesaf, llenwi'r colofnau'r newyddiaduron a helynt yr etholiad. Cawn ninnau yn y plwyf yma hefyd weled o ffrwyth yr ymdrech. AERO.
Y GAEAF. (Buddugol). Wynebpryd anion welwodd, A byr yw cam y dydd, A'r barug oer a roddodd Ei Iwydni ar bob grudd; Yr awel sydd yn cwyno Ac wylo, bob yn ail, A llawer prep yn crino Mewn hiraeth am ei ddail. Ymlidiodd dlysni'r meysydd, Mae prudd-der yn ei drem, A rhewodd yr afonydd Yn awch ei awel ilem. Mae'r goedwig wedi colli Ei deiliog fantell hardd, A llais gaeafol gynni O i chaion didofn dardd. Y mynydd sy'n ymsynnu Uwch ben y glynnoedd gwyw; Ond eto deil i ganu Ei Salm i'w gadam Dduw. Er rhewi'r byd o' i ddeutu Can oemi yn ei ddig, Deil gobaith haf i wasgu Ei wynder idd ei frig. I nù, trwy foes, mae'r gaeaf A blodeu ar ei lwyn, Ac ysbryd y Goruchaf Yn gwneud ei gan yn fwyn. Deil haf o hyd heb wywo Yng ngwyrdd ei gelyn cain, A'i oerni Ti, faidd grino Ei dlysni yn y rhain. lB. H. JONES (M&b-yr-AwM). ? Penygroes. )
I ETHOLIAD CYNGCRWR SIROL DROS LANDEBIE. I At Olygydd Cronicl Dyffryn Aman. Syr,-Gati fod etholiad y Cyngor Sirol yr. ymyl, priodol fyddai roddi cyn-gor i bob etholwr i bleidleisio dros yr hen gynrycbiolwr, yr hwn sydd wedi gwasanaethu yr ardalwyr gyda phob parodrwydd a hunan-abert-h, heb ofyn i neb na gorfodi neb i daiu ato. Gresva na. fyddai digon o ddynoliaeth, heb son am frawdgarweh a Christnogaeth, mewn pool sydd yn newynnu am swyddi, heb un teilyng- dod jmddynt ond haerllugrwydd hunangeisiol. r ydym ni fel etholwyr wedi profi fod Mr. 1.11--id Davie., Cilrhedyn, yn ddyn crwjxido, wedt gwasanaethu y bobl yn dda, ac yn an.d i wneud cymwynas i bawb fel eu giijdd. Y mae Mr. David Davies yr ago, i c.8 o oedrac, ac os nad oes parch gan y Dojl sydd yn ceisio ei daflu alLan iddo, gadewch i ni, yr etholwyr, bkidleisio a'; ddodi i mewn yn anrhydeddus. Pe buasai rhyw German neu Russian Bolshevist yn cyncyg, buasai yr holl SosiaHvyr ainryliw yn gwaeddi nerth eu ceg drosto; ond am e; fod yn Gymro sy'n caru ei wlad a'i geneUl aÏ grefydd, rhaid i gyfeillion Soermus, &c., geisio ei daflu allan er mwyn cael y s'vydd. Dangoswn barch drwy voio dros IVIr. David Davies, Cilrhedyn, efallai am y tro olaf.- Yr eiddoch, j ETHOLWR.
BRYNAMAN A'R ETHOLIAD. At Olygydd Cronicl Dyffryn Aman. Syr,—Mae twrrw tonnau yr Etholiad Siroi yn torri ar ein clyw. Gwybyddir erbyn hyn pwy sydd yn cynnyg eu hunain i'n cyn- rychioli ar y Cyngot yng Nghaerfyrddin. Un o honynt yw y Cynghorydd Comer Harries, Penybont, yr hwn sydd wedi em gwasan- aethu am lawer o flynyddau ar y Cyngor Dosbarth, ac, yn ddios, wedi gweithio yn galed i gael gwelliantau i bawb yn ddiwahan. Nid oes ei ffyddlonach wedi bod yn Lian- deilo dros y trethdalwyr mewn ymdrechion dros eu hawhau, na chwaith mewn mynychu cyfarfodydd y Cyngor. Y mae wedi taflu ei hoH nerth 11 1 ymladdfa er sicrhau yr hyn sy'n deg, ac wedi siarad yn hyglyw dros gyfiawnder y werin bodl. Saif un nodwedd bwysig iawn o'i ochr fel ymgeisydd am y sedd. Y mae ganddo brofiad maith yn y gwaith, a gwyr mewn canlyniad y modd j sicrhau angenion y rhai y saif drostynt. Hawlia ein cefnogaeth lwyr am y safiad mae wedi wneud drosom yn y gorffennol, ac y mae yr egni aberthodd dros hawlio y mynydd-dir i'r bobl i dyfu bwyd, aroser y rhyfel, yn teilyngu ein sylw a'n cymeradwy- aeth. Gwna Gynghorydd Sirol iaw. yn ddios. Cofiwn am dano ddydd yr etholiad am yr hyn a wnaeth, ac am yr hyn y mae yn sicr o wneud drosom yn y dyfodol. GWEiTHIWR CALED.
Brynammaii ladies' Choir's Concerts. The Brynamman Ladies Choir as such made its debut, under tne conductorship of Madam K. M. Williams, at the Alpha Cinema last week. Two concerts were held, aptly scheduled as Victory and Peace Concerts. The proceeds are to be devoted towards defraying the cost of a reception to the gallant local lads who have survived the tempests of fire in Flanders and ekewhere. Coupled with the unstinted endeavours of the promoting lady ticket-sellers, and the really deserving object, anticipations of crowded houses were realised to the full. The idea of a local combination of female voices making its first appearance also proved a strong attraction. The choir numbered about a hundred, and was constituted of the best talent available on the whole. Each member was attired in Welsh costume, and presented antique, rustic but picturesque scenes. The programme opened with a rendering of Harlech," and' a splendid performance it was. The sopranos had the best of the altos at most times. Many of the latter, un- fortunately, had been held up by colds which are so prevalent in the district just now. Miss M. A. Harris next sang Myfi sy'n magu'r Baban," acting the sentiment of the song the while. It was dons and sung very nicely indeed. Then, we had a Sncwflake Dance." The worshippers of Terpsichore must have enjoyed the item. Mrs. M. A. Jones and her brother, Mr. George Ernest Davies, Ystalyfera, entertained the audience with a mirth-provoking vocal duet. In re- sponse to an encoTe, Mr. Davies gave a whistling song, whilst Mrs. Jones sang Somewhere in France as an acknowledg- ment. Miss Jane Williams sang sweetly Laddie in Khaki." The ladies' drill in khaki was a most enjoyable feature of the programme. They had been well trained. Miss May Jones did well as instructor. Awelon y Bryniau," by the choir, was a most creditable performance. The voices blended well here. Considerable richness of tone was manifested by the altos, while the sopranos had a tendency to dominate again. At this juncture, Misses Williams, Amman- fryni, and Sinfie Jones moved a vote of thanks to the President. Yr Haf," by the choir, again was a pleasing contribution. A short drama by Mr. Jenkin Jones and Company, entitled Gogerddan," took well. A num- ber of little lassies appeared on the stage, each one representing a particular fallen hero. They bore a laurel wreath, and made appro- priate expressions pertaining to a fallen bro- ther or father. The tableau of Women War Workers had been dexterously and effectively arranged. The audience mani- fested their appreciation fully. The choir next sang The Soldiers' Chorus," and gave a commendable interpretation of this intricate piece. Another tableau of the Allied Nations was then presented, and was very attractive. Miss Mary Davies sang I Glory w, The Land of Hope and Glory with fine voice and expression, the audience joining in the c hor,is. Hem Wlad fy Nhadau ly the youthful vocalist of Glyn, Miss Dorris Jones, was sung to terminate an enjoyable programme, which, whatever it lacked, did not in variety. Another similar list of events, with changes to suit the occasion, were produced on Tues- day evening last in honour of the Belgian Refugees. Although the order of the eiqter- tainments left some room for improvement, Teal hard work had been thrown on the alfty of the events to get them to the state of suc- cess they attained. A substantial surplus must have been netted for the object aimed at. Miss Sal Jones, Upper Brynamman Schools, and Miss S. A. Rees, Banwen Schools, acted as secretaries. It is to be hoped that the choir will not disband, but will continue to rehearse until it becomes a prominent factor in the musical routine of the village.
The Chronicle will be sent by poet to any address at 4/4 for the half-year, or 8/8 pel annum, payable » advance. Printed and Published by the Aaoias Valley Curaawie, Limited, at their Offices, Quay SINet. Aanaoford, in the County of Cat- marthen, March 6th, 1919.