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Interesting Lecture to Allot--ment…


Interesting Lecture to Allot- ment Holders. At the Y.M.C.A. Hall, Amman ford on Tuesday evening, a lecture was given on the cultivation of potatoes, the use of artificial manures, &c. The chair was taken by Mr. T. M. Evans, M.A. The lecturer, Mr. S. G. Jones, M.Sc., Aberystwyth University, said 'the wart disease was not prevalent in the soil itself. If the soil was light it could be carried from horn to horn. The germ could be carried by a person to the garden on a fork or spade. It had been known to trace wart disease in a healthy garden through the previous using of the fork or spade in diseased soil. If you don't want to lend your spade or fork to your neighbour," said the lecturer, tell them it has wart disease." It had also been known to be carried on people's boots and in par- ticles of soil. It was recognised that wart disease was common in gardens in the indus- trial centres. The people were herded to. gether, with the result that it was more easily carried. It was the worst thing out to grow potatoes in the same patch every year. It had beeen known for a second-hand plough used in an affected area in Glamorgan to carry wart disease. There is no disinfectant that will kill wart disease. Gas lime will kill it to some extent, but there was a great drawback by its use. If the allotment holder used too little it would have no effect, and by using too much there would be no crop of potatoes. There would be for the coming season some 70 or 80 varieties. They are first tried by the Board of Agriculture. King Edward and Sharp's Express take wart disease. Golden Wonder and King George were not liable to the germ. Why, it was not known. The constitution of the potato had something to do with it. The potatoes h? (the lecturer) would recommend were King George and Great Scet. The former was a grand cropping potato, but quality not very good. The latter was an all-round potato. The nature of the soil would not hinder the ideals of Great Scot. It could be grown in either heavy or light soil. The using of too much farmyard manure was not recom- mended. It had been proved that farmyard manure breathed all kinds of germs, and it was advisable to use only half quantities. The Ally was a more recent potato, and had been grown on the special farms of the Board of Agriculture. The potato to keep the blight entirely away was the Shamrock. With reference to the using of artificial manures, the speaker said that it would be preferable to use farmyard manure with it. Sulphate of ammoniia gave nitrogen. It had, however, a tendency of forcing the potato to grow a tall horn. It could be used at the rate of 3 cwts. to the acre. Nitrogen created growth and forced the potato. It was not a feeding manure. Superphosphate contained phos- pherous. It was advisable to use this again in quantities of 3 cwts. to an acre. This arti- ficial manure helped to produce quality. Growers were advised not to use basic slag and superphosphate together. The former could be used for heavy soil. It was recom- mended, to produce good crops, to have a little distance between drills. The ideal d;s- tance would be 27 to 30 inches. For culti- vation Scot seed was recommended to be used, and it was always to the grower's advantage to sprout the seed first. They should earth the potatoes on two occasions. The usual votes of thanks were accorded at the close.

Forthcoming Events.

Llandilo Rural District Council.

Brynamman Presentation. I



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Ammanford Burning Fatality

Carmarthenshire Cinemas.'