THE umilintio. I [Things Seen and Heard by tHe Conductor.] I Wait and See-fve the result of the Election. WWW It is the opinion of many that Bolshevism ts rampant in the town. WWW A voice at the political meeting on Friday at the Palace: You wait until the boys come home WWW It is full time that the Church should have better sympathy with the working classes. "-Miss Jenny Vaughan at Bryn- amman. WWW In consequence of the recent heavy rains the Rivers Loughor and Amman are flooded, And in many parts the embankments are obscured by the overflow. 00 0. The women turned up in good numbers at the polling booths on Saturday, and appeared to be very keen in exercising the right to vote recently granted to them. WWW Judging by remarks overheard in the course of arguments during the past week, there appear to be many experts on the Russian situation in various parts of the Valley. 90 0 Level-headed Labour men are of the opinion that scores of votes were lost for the cause as a result of Friday evening's disturb- ance at the Coalition candidate's meeting. WWW One peculiar thing about some of the people who consider the removal of the Czar to be justified, is that they oppose the plea which has been made for the punishment of thi Kaiser! The di hwged have a lot to The discharged soldiers will have a lot to say when demobilisation will have finished. To be refused a hearing and jeered at is not the reward they are entitled to after fighting for our very existence. WWW People of all descriptions recorded their votes on Saturday. One invalided lady, who was almost helpless, was conveyed by motor 11;- L_ "nrl carried into th* W UK;; IWUM'K uvwi., —— -& I win to fill in her voting paper. W W W in view of the various opinions held regard- ing the position in Russia, it may be of some interest to know that under the Trotsky-Lenin regime it is not possible for a working man to hold any shares in a Co-operative Society 00 0 Do you see that man going along with his head in the air, sniffing with his nose? Yes; I know him." "I suppose he believes in taking in the good, pure ozone? No; he's hunting for a motor garage, I believe! 00 4D Pedestrians complain of the bad stat& of Tirydoail Lane. Something should be doae at once to improve the lane, and make it pos- sible for people to pass that way without experiencing a difficulty in extricating them- selves. WWW We hear a great deal about the farmers' greed nowadays, and complaints are general regarding the price of milk; but it should be remembered that increases in the price of farm produce were sanctioned by the Food Controller-a Labour man. WWW Solicitor at Ammanford Police Court on Monday (to complainant): Was there any- one present in the house? Complainant: Yes, sir; Jones, Ammanford." Magistrates' Clerk: What was his name, because there are a lot of Joneses in Amman ford." (Laugh- ter) WWW Now that the war is over, we may expect to see the Urban District Council taking up the sewerage scheme, which should be put in hand at the earliest possible moment. It is the most urgent local improvement required just now. Also, the roads are in a deplorable state, and pedestrians are continually splashed with mud from passing motor-cars, owing to the ruts in the roads. WWW -Mr. Willie Owen, checkweigher, during a speech on a Labour platform, vehemently con- demned the practice of certain persons who considered themselves .of the middle class going from house to house with the object of prevailing upon working men's wives to vote for the man they thought best. Working men's wives had enough brains to judge for themselves without their uninvited interference. WWW The Board of Trade announces the Con- troller of Paper gives notice that arrangements have been made by the Board of Trade for the immediate withdrawal of certain paper restriction orders, and that official notice to that effect will be published in due 'cou,steo The Orders are as follow:—Paper Restriction (Posters and Circulars ) Order, 1918, dated January 15th, 1918; Paper Restriction Order, 1917 (three), dated April 19th, 1917. WWW The Coal Controller, in an interview, stated:—" am afraid that there will be no relief from coal rationing this winter, but the system will cease the moment it can safely be done in the national interests. Rationing must continue until reserves of coal are created for transport, domestic, industrial, and public utility purposes. At present there are prac- tically no reserve stocks, and it will take three or four months before they are built up to the safety point." WWW At a recent Mock Election at the County School, the following was the Labour can- didate',s programme of reforms:—Reduction of school hours to three per day; no exami- nations free tuition free meals; three months' school and nine months' holidays; no German or Latin to be tatghtin schools; £ 1 per day and four days per week to all workers; abolish rainy days and establish universal sunshine. Evidently this aspirant is out for a place in the sun! WWW Dealing with quiet and boisterous careers during the preamble of a strong sermon delivered at Brynamman on Sunday morning, th-t Rev. John Llewelyn, Bethania, remarked that much unnecessary and unearned import- ance and prominence was attached to the career of persons who tore destructively over the road of life with selfish motives, while the mother of a large family, who quietly struggled to make a £ 1 note do the work of thirty shillings, was not deemed worthy of con- sideration. WWW Speaking from the Labour platform during the election, County Councillor T. E. Morris, J.P., Gamant, expressed his regret to see no ministers present. He resented from the bottom of his heart the remarks made as to the presence of Labour supporters in the pulpit lowering the status of same. He had been officially connected with a church for thirty years, and ventured to say that the working classes compared favourably in all respects with any section of the community. Dr. Williams, the Labour candidate, remarked that he did not mind the absence of preachers. He had there one above all-the Bible, the Book upon which the programme of Labour was founded. .I
Outlines of Local Government (iii.) The Borough (Marwell, pp. 90-120). The official definition of a municipal borough is now any place for the time being subject to the Municipal Corporations Act, 1882"; and if any unincorporated town wishes to get itself made into a borough, it must petition His Majesty for a charter of incorporation under that Act, first giving notice to the County Council of its county, and to the Local Government Board. After due time has elapsed, and upon approval of the peti- tion by a Committee of the Privy Council, His Majesty may grant a charter of incor- His Majesty may grant a charter of incor- poration, which may prescribe the boundaries of the borough and the wards (if any), and fix the number of Councillors to be elected for borough and wards. But with the excep- tion of making provision for temporary arrange- ments, the charter can do no more it merely extends to the town the provisions of the Municipal Corporation Acts (Jenks). Constitution. The Municipal Corporation consists of Mayor, Aldermen, and Burgesses (or citizens in the case of a city). A Burgess is a person enrolled upon the Local Government register of electors. The ma i i The main rights and duties of a Burgess are—(1) That he is entitled to vote at the election of Councillors and elective auditors; (2) that he is eligible for any corporate office, and is liable to a fine if on election he refuses to 6erve; (3) that he is eligible and liable to serve on borough juries. I Council. The governing body of the borough is the Council, which consists of the Mayor, Alder- men, and Councillors. The number of Coun- cillors is regulated by the charter, but may be amended by the Local Government Board. (I) Councillors are elected by ballot for three years on 1st November by Local Govern- ment electors of the borough:- (a) From among themselves; or (b) From persons possessing property:— (i.) Where there are four or more wards, valued £ 1,000 or rated at £ 30 per annum (ii.) In other boroughs, valued at 1500 rated at £ 15 per annum; or (c) from any person of either sex if that person has resided within the borough during the whole of the twelve months preceding the election. (2) The Aldermen, one-third in number of the Councillors, are elected by the latter from their own number, or from persons qualified to be of their number. The Alder- men are elected for six years, but the senior half retire triennially. Aldermen are mem- bers of the Council, but any seats which they occupied as Councillors at the time of their election as Aldermen are thereby vacated, and they can no loager vote in the election of Aldermen. The election of Aldermen takes place on the 9th November in the triennial year, at the quarterly meeting of the Council. Retiring Aldermen, if otherwise qualified, are eligible for re-election. Their only addi- tional function is to act as returning officers for election of Councillors. (3) The Mayor is elected by the Coun- cillors and non-retiring Aldermen from among the Council or from persons so qualified. Election is for one year, and may receive a salary. The Mayor may be re-elected. Meetings. Meetings held by a Municipal Council in- clude :— (a) Four Quarterly as a Borough Council; (b) Twelve Monthly as an Urban Sanitary Authority; (c) Others as summoned by the Mayor or any five members of the Council. Committees. The work is principally transacted by Com- mittees, who are mainly appointed from among members of the Council. The acts of every Committee must be submitted to the Council for their approval, with certain exceptions. Officers. (1) Town Clerk holds his office during the pleasure of the Council, and his salary is fixed -by them. He has the custody of the charters, deeds, records, and documents of the borough, and it is his duty to issue the sum- monses for the meetings of the Council, and to act as secretary to the Council at their meetings and otherwise. (2) The Treasurer, whose duty it is to re- ceive and make all payments on behalf of thfe Corporation. (3) The usual officers required by an Urban Sanitary Authority. t 4) Such others as the Counci l think neces- sary Powers and Duties of Borough Councils may be divided under heads as those of:- (1) A Borough Council, including the making of bye-laws for the good rule and government of the borough. (2) An Urban Sanitary Authority having powers in respect of (a) Public Health; (b) Highways, &c. (c) Housing .and Town Planning (see sec- tion dealing with powers of Urban Dis- trict Councils) (3) Authority under the Adoptive Acts. (4) Trading Undertakers. (5) Authority to undertake additional functions prescribed by general or local Acts of Parliament, e.g., Local Committee under the N.val and Military War Pensions, &c., Acts, 1915 to 1917. Special Types of Boroughs. There are special types of boroughs, which possess one or more special features in addi- tion to those already dealt with. But it must be remembered that the existence of one feature neither as a rule implies nor excludes the possession of others. The distribution is arbitrary, and often the result of historical accident. Whether a borough does or does not possess such and such a feature is a ques- tion of fact. (1) Counties of Cities and Counties of Towns. A county of a city or town may be defined as a borough which obtained the full organisation of a county before the passing of the Municipal Corporations Act of 1835. There are nineteen of these counties or cities or towns; they are wholly independent of the surrounding counties; the county authorities have no jurisdiction within their area. They have their own Commissions of the Peace and Courts of Quarter Sessions, and each year they appoint a Sheriff. (2) County Boroughs. This special class of borough was first created by the Local Government Act of 1888. There are 72 county boroughs in England and Wales; most ot them have a population of not less than 50,000. The same place may be both a county of a city or town and a county borough though most county boroughs are not counties of towns; while a few counties 01 cities or towns, such ai Lichfield and Poole, are not county boroughs. A county borough is practically exempted from the jurisdiction of the County Council of its county, and its Borough Council has most of the powers which were conferred by the Local' Government Act of 1888 upon County Councils, except the powers conferred in connection with Parlia- mentary elections. A County Borough makes no contribution with a few unimportant ex- ceptions) to the expenses incurred for couniy purposes. And this has involved the neces- sity of making an elaborate adjustment of the financial relations between the County Borough and its County in respect of local taxation, licences, and probate duties, which may be revised by the Local Government Board after every five years. (3) Boroughs having a Separate Court 01 Quarter Sessions. The grant of a Court ot Quarter Sessions puts the borough almost on the footing of a county so far as local judicial business is concerned, and the County Jus- tices will have no jurisdiction in the borough, though, by arrangement with the Borough -I i?v may occupy A .5C$310n? House • A I vwuuvm magistrate^. A jointly w?th the ox* ￼ tlte: I Quarter *r?ion. bo-ugh 'w'11 ? ?quire ?.. ?} following additional Gr&ters:— (a) A Recorder, appointed by the Crown, bui paid by the Borough Council. The Recorder must be a barrister of five years' standing, and becomes ex-officio a Justice for the borough. He acts as sole judge of the Court of Quarter Sessions, in all judicial busi- ness, and sits either with or without a jury, as the chairman of a County Quarter Sessions would do. But he does not, as Recorder, undertake the administrative business of Quar- ter Sessions; he does not allow or make rates (though he may hear certain rating appeals), or grant liquor licences, although, in his capacity of Justice of the borough, he may take part in any Quarter Sessions having juris- diction in such matters. (b) A Clerk of the Peace, appointed by the Council, who will have the same powers within the borough as the corresponding official in a county. (c) A. Coroner, also appointed by the Council, to act in the borough as a county coroner does for the county. But in the case of boroughs with a population of less than 10,000 at the census of 1881, the powers formerly belonging to the Borough Council in respect of coroners shall be transferred to the County Council of the 'county in which the borough is situated. (4) Boroughs having a Separate Commission of the Peace. Such a separate Commission does not of itself exempt a borough from the county rate, or deprive the county Justices of their right to act within the borough at Petty Sessions, or in matters concerning the borough at Quarter Sessions. It only enables the borough Justices to act in the borough as if they were county Justices acting in and for a distinct petty sessional division. But, in practice, it is rare for the county Justices to sit in a borough having a separate Commission of the Peace. Such a borough, too, is a separate licensing division. (5) Boroughs having a separate Police Force. Most of our larger boroughs maintain a Police Force of their own, separate from the County. Police. They do this at their own expense. The supervision and control of the Police Force is confided to a Committee of the Council, called the Watch Committee. This Committee must not exceed in number one-third of the whole Council; the Mayor must always be a member of it. (6) Boroughs which according to the census of 1881 had a population of less than 10,000 are distinctly encourage to petition Her Majesty in Council to revoke the grant to it of a Court of Quarter Sessions, and also the grant of a separate Commission of the Peace. If it does not, it must pay the salaries of its own Recorder, Clerk of the Peace, and Clerk Peace to the borough Justices, and yet contri- bute to the cost of the County Sessions as well. It caitoot have a Police Force of its own. Nevertheless, the town remains a borough; it has still a Mayor and Corpora- tion it still audits its own accounts; it still has power to manage its own municipal affairs in its own independent fashion. (7) A Stipendiary Magistrate may be ap- pointed in any urban district with a population of 25,000, or in any municipal borough. He must be a barrister of seven years' standing. A Stipendiary Magistrate is empowered to do alone all that may be done by two Justices, and, when sitting in a court-house, he is deemed to be a Court of Summary Jurisdiction. (8) A Borough Civil Court. In a few cases (about twenty in all) a borough pos- sesses its own local court of civil jurisdiction, whose powers have not been superseded by the County Court Acts. These courts are always survivals of ancient institutions, and are not looked upon with favour by the Legis- lature. Examples may be seen in the Liver- pool Court of Passage, the Tobzey Court of Bristol, the Provost's Court of Exeter. Unless a local Act makes a contrary provision, the Recorder acts as judge, and the Courts are held four times a year. Borough Finance. This subject may be considered under the ( three heads of Expenditure, Loans, and Accounts. All moneys received by a borough in the ordinary course of its affairs (e.g., all rates, fees, and the rents and profits of the corporate property) are paid into a fund called the Borough Fund, and out of this fund is drawn all the money necessary for the ordi- nary expenditure of the borough. If, as is generally the case, the fund is not sufficient to meet the expenditure, the Council has no power to contract any temporary loan; it must from time to time cause a rate to be levied in the borough to make up the deficiency. This is called the Borough Rate. The Council assesses the amount to be contributed by each parish, and the overseers of each parish are responsible for the collection of the rate. All payments to the Treasurer of a borough are paid into the borough fund all payments to and out of the borough fund are made to and by him. Some payments may be made out of the fund without an order of the Borough Council; other payments may not be f made without an order of the Council, which must be signed by three members of the Council, countersigned by the Town Clerk. Loans for borough purposes nutt be repaid withia a period not exceeding thirty years. Other loans as prescribed by the respective enact- ments. Money may be raised by the issue of Stocks under Part V. of the Public Health Acts Amendment Act, 1890, under the Loans Act, 1875, and under local Acts. A muni- cipal Corporation may not now pay the costs ot promoting any Bill in Parliament out of the borough fund without the consent of an absolute majority of the whole number of the Borough Counc 11, and also of a public meet- ing of ratepayers convened for the purpose. Accounts. The Treasurer s accounts are made up half- yearly to such date as the Council, with the approval of the Local Government Board, may decide. Accounts are audited, unless there are provisions to the contrary, by the Borough Auditors, i.e.:— (1) Two elective auditors elected by the burgesses on 1st March from among persons qualified to be, but not being, members of the Council. (2) Mayor's auditor, being a member of the Council nominated by the Mayor. This does not apply to Accounts under the Education Acts and Unemployed Workmen Act. Some boroughs have a professional auditor in addition to the Borough Auditors, while others have an audit by the District Auditor in lieu thereof. A full abstract of the accounts murt be published yearly. A serious defect in our municipal system is the absence of anything in the nature of a town budget, shewing its f i nancia l Do?itio'l? (I e financial position- u-1 ill financial requirements for the year to come. J
Golden Wedding at Cwynfe. On Friday, the 6th inst., Mr. and Mrs. Morgan, Ddyfadfa Isaf, celebrated their golden wedding. The happy event was the occasion of a reception and tea given by the Ddyfadfa family to members of Capel y Maen Congregational Church and their numerous friends. Mr. and Mrs. Morgan, who are 72 and 73 years of age respectively, are both Gwynfe people, and are descended from some of the oldest and most respected families of the district. They were married at Capel Maen on December 6th, 1868, and' I Mr. and Mrs. MORGAN. have spent all their married life at Ddyfadfa Isaf. Mr. Morgan, who writes under the pen-name of Bardd o'r Bryn," is a well- known bard an<f litterateur, and has freely patronised local and provincial eisteddfodau for the last 50 years; while Mrs. Morgan is known far and wide for her hospitable dis- position and neighbourliness. There are five children—three sons and two daughters. The eldest son, Mr. Sam Morgan, in addition to being a prosperous farmer, is an excellent amateur actor and vocalist, and his services are in great demand at local concerts and soirees. Sapper D. J. Morgan, the second son, at present con- valescent in France, has seen active service for over three years. He was in civil life surveyor and estate agent for the Wingfield anJ Mackintosh Estates, Taff's Well, Car- diff; while the third son, Mr. John Morgan, is the winner of a gold medal presented by the Congregational Union of Wales for head- ing the list in Scripture Examinations for the whole of the Principality. Of the two daughters, one is married and lives at Cwr- waun, Llangadock. In the evening, Mr. Jones, Fardre, pre- sided over a miscellaneous concert, when Mr. and Mrs. Morgan were both the recipients of a pair of gold-rimmed eye-glasses, enclosed in suitably inscribed silver cases, as a token of esteem and respect for life-long services to the cause at Capel Maen. Mr. Jones, Fardre, as senior deacon, presented Mr. Morgan, and Miss Lewis, Llwynbrain, who deputised her mother, presented Mrs. Morgan. Felicitous speeches. congratulating the re- cipients on their good fortune and wishing them a further long lease of life were made by the Rev. G. G. Williams, pastor; Messrs. D. Morgan, Pencaegarw; J. LI. Evans, Blaencennen; T. Jones, Cefnfedw; J. Jamfes, Council Schools; and others. Topical verses and poetry commemorating the event were read by Messrs. M. Morgan Griffiths, Nant- fforchog; D. Griffiths, Brynmeilwch; Aneurin Morgan, Pencaegarw.; T. LI. Williams, Penrhiw; J. James, Carregcynffyrdd; Rev. T Thomas, Llannon, Cardigan; and Coun- cillor T. W. Morgan, Blaenllynant. Mr. Morgan responded on behalf of Mrs. Morgan and himself, and thanked the church for its thoughtfulness and appropriate presents. The following, among others, contributed to the miscellaneous section:—Master John Haydn Griffiths, Nantfforchog; Miss May Price, Rhandir; Miss Hilda Morgan, Blaen- llynant; Miss G. Evans, Blaencennen; Mr. J. Griffiths, Cwmeilwch; Miss Margaret Griffiths, Glynclawdd; and Miss Thomas, Tynywaun' s, quartette. Congratulatory letters were received from Rev. T. Gwyn Thomas, Briton Ferry; Mrs. (Rev.) Eurof Walters, Swansea; Mrs Henner Thomas, Aberaman Miss F. Thomas, Ffairfach Schools; and Mrs. Charles, Neath.
Victory" Bazaar at Ammanford. On Thursday last, the 13th inst., the fourth I annual Christmas Tree and Sale of Work was held at the Church Room, Ammanford, which was crowded. The opening ceremony was performed by Lieut. D. H. John, Glas- fryn, Llanelly. All who had worked towards making the bazaar such a brilliant success deserve to be congratulated. It is estimated that about 1.360 has been realised, which is conclusive proof that the event was efficiently organised and patronised. The following were the talk- The Lloyd George Stall, Marshal Haig Stall, Admiral Beatty Stall, Prince of Wales Stall, President Wilson Stall, Marshal Foch" Stall, King George Stall, Lord Jellicoe Stall, Bran Tubs, and Hoop-la.
AT EIN GOHEBWYR AC ERAILL. Ysgrtfau, Berddoriketk, Nodion, Hannien, d Gohebiedhow (m henfom cyn GYNTED YN YR WYTHNOS ag y byddo moid ft GOLYGYDD, CRONICL DYFFRYN A MAN," I AMANFOM).
[Er ein M gn rhoddi pob cpflemttrm I ohebour ddatgm «a fern ar gocsftmdw Ueei. nid ydvw kynif i dggm eta bed-Nn cmdsvnio "iaddw.-GOL. )
I Y CAISAR. I Y Caisar anwar, annynol-heriwr Ew r-p-teyrn dinystriol, Ac anghydnaws, traws. treisiol Tan ei wae! sydd eto' n ol. I T. D. JOHN. I .m I
I GORSEDD GRAS. I I Aur sedd i gri yw gorsedd gras—ei goleu I Wna galon yn eirias; Ddvry wm i f blin, a bias I Olew enaid Elias. BRYNFAB BRYNAMAN. I I Y SEIED. I Bur hyfwyn newydd brofiad-O Seied Win Seion gawn wastad Eirian wledd o rawn y wlad A diliw hedd yn daliad. BRYNFAB BRYNAMAN. I CYFLWYNEDIG I Mr. John Jones, Tylau, Manordeilo, arwr gwleidyddol a tharian Rhyddfrydiaeth y Dyffryn. Gwr annwyl dan goronau-Rhyddfrydwr Aeddfrydig yw'r Tylau Twr y gwir tery y gau A'i oludog fw ledau. I BRYNFAB BRYNAMAN.
I DUDENI'R GWERINWR. I (Darn o Bryddest). Slumber not in the tents of your fathers, the world is advancing, advance with it." -Mazzini. A mi yn gwylio ing fy unben trist. Gap frudio'n athrist yn lluestfa'r niwl, Na ddaethai gwawr ar fflur ei serch byth mwy Canfum gysgodion lleddf y fuchudd nos Yn araf ffoi rhag terydr aur y wawr, Ac mal ar uchaf drum y penrhyn bann Gwelwn ifemgwr hardd, a'i dirion drem (Na-welswn ei phrydferthed er ym hoed) Yn fflam gan leufer rhyw ddihalog nwyd: Ac ar ei ysgwydd geinffurf delyn aur;— Macwy fy Unben santaidd oedd efo. Yn fwyn, malpai yn angel gwyn ar grwydr, Mynwesodd yr offeryn ac a Haw Na wybu gryndod Gofwy na Thraha Dcffrodd rhyw firain gerdd o'r tannau main; Ail i felodus offrwm dwsmel bar Tan gyffyrddiadau seraff, ac ar chwa Y wawr ymdoirodd cainc Dadeni teg Y trist Werinwr fu tan groes cyhyd. Tyred, di freinfab anfarwol yr oesau!! Chwardd dy freuddwydion i fod gyda'r dydd; Cilio mae mentyll y duon gysgodau Fu hired yn orchudd tros fflur dy ffydd. Ysgar dy hun o'r creulon gadwynau Sy'n llethu dyhewyd dy wyryf hoen,- Clyw garol y plygain tros grib y bannau Yn sisial am lennyrch heb Siom na Phoen! Gloewach yw dwyrain dy lednals obeithion Nag owmael y Gwanwyn ar ddail y coed Glywi di latai'th brydferthaf freuddwydion Yn cymell dy enaid i'r hawddgar oed? Tyred, diflannodd tymp Gwae ac Wylolain Tan fedydd annisbur y wawr ddistaen, Mae angel dy ddeffro wrth bwrth y dwyrain, A rhideus llwytliw' r tymhestioedd ar daen. Gwybydd na pherthyn i' r trwm ei amrannau Ddyhewyd a geidw'r allorau'n fflam, Sang ar ysgyrion y creulon gadwynau Fu hired yn maglu'th luddedig gam. Cyfod dy gysegr telediw i'r Prydferth A'r bruddaidck. farwydos dy ddelfryd sarn, Golch dy ddyhead yn rhaedr yr Aberth Na wybu un cryndod wrth orsedd barn. Mae'r hef na ddringaist ei thalaf binaclau? Mae'r uffern na threiddiaist yngrym dy ffydd? Mae gwynfyd y pleser a phurdan y gwaeau Na phrofaist ohonynt wrth ymdaith i'r dydd ? Mae'T deml na wybit gyfathrach ei duwiau? Mae porth y gyfrinach na thorraist ei set? Dyhewyd dy enaid sy'n herio'r heuliau Wrth ddringo i wynlys yr oes a ddel. Glywi di glychau melysber Avallon Mal islais angel ymhell dros y Hi'? Galw'th ddyhead o niwI ei bryderon I ram.:nt ddihewyd yr antur ffri. Er fod eigionnau r pellafoedd yn anwar, | Ni phalla'th ffydd yn y ddrycin fawr; Gwybydd na ddrylliodd chrysialis ei garchar Heb frifo'i adenydd wrth byrth y wawr. Pond gobaith dy galon yw' r en fys mirain A gyfyd ei babell yn nawns y crych? Pond breuddwyd dy enaid yw' r diwair blygain Sy n torri ar niwloedd Gormes a Nych? Deffro i anterth y gyfranc fendigaid A thi a gei brofi llesmair drud A yfo hyd fesur syched ei enaid 0 loew ambrosia gwynfaoedd hud. Cynnull dy luoedd tan luman Cynawnder 1 frwydrau digleddyf yr Euraidd Oes, Oni ddymchweli geysydd y Pryder Fu hired yn noddfa i Frad a Loes. Mae cerddi Rhyddid ar dannau' r awe lon Yn torri tros drumau'r gorwelion llwyd; Dring rhagot i orsedd dy glaer obeithion Yn angerdd dihalog dy rymus nwyd. Glywi di dduwiau'r Dadeni'n cymell Cedym dy obaith i r santaidd grwsad? Weli di'r plygain o drumell i drumell Yn ymlid tymhestioedd Gofwy a Brad? Offrwm dy enaid ar allor anfarwol Pantheon dyrchafael yr oes a ddel; Er trymed fu gwyll hirnosau'r gorffennol, O'th flaen mae rhamantau'r boreuddydd.- gwel!! TANT Y WAWR. I
ETHOLlAD UNDEBOL GLANAMAN. Mi welais lawer tro eye hyn Etholiad yng Nglanaman, A gweled John a WMWB bob tro Yn myned wrtho'i hunan; Ac yn pleidleisio yno'n hy', Heb neb i' w aflonyddu; Ac yna gwydraid, dau neu dii, Ym mysg y glan gwmpeini. Ond heddyw cyfnewidiad sydd, Bydd John yn codi'n foreu; A Mari hithau'n brysur iawn Y n chwiIio ei dillad goreu; Ac yna ant yn fratch ym mraich. Can siarad am y tugel Ond Ha! yn sydyn ar y ffordd Fe gyfyd poeth ymrafel. Fe ddywedai John mai'r meddyg oedd Y cymhwys ddyn i'r werin; Yn addurn byddai hwn bob dydd I deulu Tfr Cyffredin. Daw trwy ei gynrychiolaeth deg Fendithion i gymdeithas A gweld y meddyg yn M.P. Osodai amom urddas. Yn benderfynol felly 'rwyf I fotio dros y Doctor; Ni ddaw anhwyldeb byth in tf, I ffwrdd fe'i gyr o'n goror. Ar hyn, newidiodd Mari ei gwedd, A'i thymer fach ymchwyddodd; Ac yn ei gwres ymwyUtiodd hi, A buan y dywedodd:— 'Rwyn awr yn gweld yn eglur, John, Dy fod ar fin gwallgofi; 'Rwy n dweyd mai Towyn ydyw'r dyn A gaiff ein cynrychioli. Y prisoedd oil a dyn i lawr— Y cig, y caws, a'r menyn; Does di i'th ffordd, os mynni di, Pleidleisiaf fi dros Towyn. rtern jonn i are yn wyneo-ansr, A chanlyn ydoedd Mari; A disgwyl maent yn awr yn brudd Am doriad gwawr dydd cyfri". 'Rol hyn cant weled pwy sydd ben, A phwy yw' r gwr ffortunus; Ac yna Mari fach a John A deimlant yn gysurus. I JOHN F. JAMES. I Llwyncelyn, Llandeilo.
I ATGOFION MEBYD. I 'Rwy'n hoffi rhoddi trem yn ol r r hyfryd amser ilnt, Pan oeddwn laslanc ar y ddol Yn chwarae ar fy hynt; Heb wybod fawr am helynt byd, Nac am ei dwyll a'i frad, Ond llechu mewn dedwyddwch Hawn Dan gysgod mam a thad. 'Rwy'n cofio mynd yn llaw fy mam r r ysgol gyntaf 'rioed; Ac un ystafell iddi oedd, Mewn bwth gerllaw y coed. Fan honno oeddem, dorf o blant, Yn hollol cydymddwyn, Tra meistres âï gwialen lem, Aï spectol ar ei thrwyn. Ble mae fy hen gyfoedion cu Chwaraeum gynt me t n hedd? Mae rhai yn yr Amerig bell, Ac eraill yn eu bedd A rhai mewn parch ac urddas mawr 0 fewn Senedd Dfn gwlad, Tra eraill yn nyloty'r plwy' Mewn prinder a thristhad. Daeth adeg yn fy hanes i, Fel llawer llanc o'm bla'n, I chwilio am enethig dlos Wneud cartref cynnes, glan Yn wir, mi fum yn ffodus iawn Gael geneth brydferth, hyf. A rhywbeth ynddi gwerth i'w gael, Sef gras a synnwyr cryf. Os llwyddais di, hen angau erch, 1 gipio' m gymar lion, A briwio fy nheimladau'n dost, A thorri'm calon bron, Ti fethaist oeri'm cariad mawr, A'm serch sy'n para'r un, Fe bery yn dragwyddol mwy, Sef at fy annwyl fun. Er cael cyfeillach mwyn y plant 0 dan fy nghronglwyd glyd, Rhyw deimlad o unigedd dwys Yw'm mywyd yn y byd Ond hyn rydd gysur mawr i mi, Ar ol tymhestloedd blin, Caf eto gwmni'm gymar cu Ac lesu Grist Ei Hun. I JOSEPH WATERS (Glantywi). I
CAN LLONGYFARCH I Band Penygroes, Llandebie, ar ei lwyddiant yn y gorffennol ym myd y gerdd. Cyflwyn- edig i Mrs. Nicholas, Emlyn Terrace, Penygroes, Medi 28, 1918. (Tôn-H Lili Lon.") Penygroes sy' n gorfoleddi Gwrando miwsig mwyn y cewri: CanfocKclodydd mewn ffenestri Yn darianau am wrhydri. Cydgan- O! mor hawdd bod yn lion, I O! mor hawdd bod yn lion, Tra mae' r Band o hyd yn ddiwyd Ennill clod y byd o'r bron. Cryfed ydyw swn y fagnel, All y Band ddim bod yn dawel; Ac ar waethaf brad y Rhyfel, I Llifai'i fiwsig i bob cornel. Tra mae mil o anhawsterau Ar ei ffordd i Eisteddfodau, Hudant glyw y barnwyr goreu Gyda swyn eu hofferynau. Cofiaf rai o'r Boys yn dechreu, Heb adnabod dim o r nodau, Gyda' u llygaid ar y dyddiau Chwythent gan o dan fanerau. Curwyd cewri Gwaun-cae-gurwen, Ystalfera, Pontyberem. Amanford, hen gartre'r gynnen, Boys y mynydd bia'r blien. Tra bydd graen ar Lyn-LIech-Owen, A thra bri ar galch Rhydychen, Tra bydd dwr yn Afon Cennen, Cwna ein Band ni oil yn llawen. Dylem gofio Williams hefyd Am ei wen a 1 fedr ddiwyd Byd y gan yw byd ei fywyd, Can yw cysur y cyfanfyd. Hawlia r Pwyllgor ein canmoliaeth Am eu sel dros fwyn gerddoriaeth; Hawlia r Llywydd ei gydnabod Am ei gymorth gwerthfawr parod. Nid oes neb a fedda synnwyr I Ddwed bo Penygroes yn segur; Na, mae'r Band yn ennill sylv6 Ac anrhydedd, taw-ni-marw. REES D. REES (Rhydfab Hendre). Penygroes, Llandebie. Dringai bugail yr Hen Hafod Dros y graig lie pranciai r wyn Ac. fel arfer, methodd wrthod Cwmni lion ei eneth fwyn. 0 dan aur yr heulwen hawddgar Gwisga'r mynydd sidan glan Rhydd i'r blodau gusan dengar Wna i'w grudd i,.wrido n din. Mynd wna Non ei hun i'w casglu, Gyda nefoedd yn ei gwen; Hoffa'r blodau wêl yn tyfu Dlysed ar y creigiau hen. Mynd a wna lie sangai r gaeaf, Nes ysigo'r creigle mawr- Dacw'r tir, a'r blodau tlysaf, Daa e¡" throed yn mynd i lawr! Mae'r dibyn yn rhuthro i' r dyfnder islaw, Caitf hithalSÏ malurio, a'r blodau n ei llaw: Na! dacw hi' n hongian wrth greigle sy n serth A eUir mynd ati cyn pallo ei nerth? Ha! gwelwch y glaslanc yn dringo fel cawr O'r dyffryn. 0!'r nefoedd, rho'th gymorth yn awr! Ei ddwylo sy'n friwiau, ond dringa fel dvn I'w hachub, ei galon sy'n gwaedu ei hun: Ei freichiau sy'n c'lymu am dani. Try'n ol; Mae'r eneth a'r blodau yn fyw-yn ei gol. Gwelwyd wedyn yn y dyffryn Gartref clyd i ddeuddyn lion Harddu moes a llawer blodyn Fynnai Dewi gyda < Non. Cwmifor. W. J. W.
GAIR 0 GYSUR MEWN YSTORM I Mrs. Jones, Penpolion, Abergwili, yr hon a amddifadwyd n 'i phriod hoff ysbaid yn ol, gan adaw yn ei gofal saith o blant bychain. Y dydd o'r blaen collodd ei hail fetch drwy angau, a hi yn ddeng mlwydd oed. Yn ferw ddaeth i' n clustiau Dros lawer canrif bell, Cri storom erch Tiberias gynt Y m mrig yr hwyr pan oedd y gwynt Fel llew yn rhydd o'i gell. Y llynfor oedd yn drochion, Pob ton yn gadam fur; Y nos yn dwyn y dydd i gol!. A'r llestr bach a'i forwyr oil. rt-j IT- J-.— i r-Kiir 'U\.I. Ildli lyuvil rf-sr. Dirfyddiog rai frawychwyd, Y llong ar fynd i lawr; Gwaeddasant ar Waredwr byd A gysgai ar obennydd clyd, A bu tawelwch mawr. Un parod yw ein Ceidwad, Mewn cyfwng atom daw; Gwna dithau eto, weddw dlawd, Yn ffyddiog fyned at dy Frawd, A'th chwe bach wrth dy law. Paid torri rhes o eiriau Wrth fynd, nac uchel lef; Y n ostyngedjg ato dos, Eich gwylied mae y dydd a'r nos; Unwaith y cysgodd Ef. Cewch gysur o dan groaw, A hedd o gyrraedd haint: Mae'th briod hoff a Mary fach Yn cyd-fwynhau ar oriel iach Y Nef, a'ch disgwyl maent. Cenhades bur yw'r storom Sy' n troi y daith yn brudd Ac yn ei chanol y mae Duw, Trugarog Dad, Duw cariad yw, Yn profi plentyn ffydd. I DYFFRYNOG.
PARCH. L. BERIAN JAMES A'R COALITION. At Olygydd Cronicl Dyffryn Arran. Syr,-Caniatewch ronyn o' ch gofod werth- fawr i mi am yr wythnos hon. Carem wybod hyd sicrwydd a oes rhyw sail i' r si sydd ar led yn ardal Penygroes, sef fod y Parch. L. Berian James, B.A., wedi bod yn siarad ar lwyfannau y Coalition ar hyd a lied y wlad? Ni fedrwn gredu hyn hyd nes y caffom atebiad oddiwrtho, gan i mi gael ar ddea!1 mai cefnogydd Plaid Llafur yw Mr. James. Felly, os nad oes gwir yn y dywediad, mae' n drueni gwneud cam ag ef, rhag ofn i hyn maes o law effeithio arno, ei eglwys, ai braidd yn y lie. Mab Tangnefedd yw Mr. James, yn cashau rhyfel ymhob agwedd arno, ac yn annog ei ddeadell yn v lie ganlyn a Tywysog Tangnefedd," yr i-lwn sy n gwasgar y bobl sy'n dda ganddynt ryfel. Felly, eredwn yn gydwybódol nad oes gwir yn yr hyn a gyhoeddir ar draws y wlad am dano. A wnaiff. efe ei hun ateb? CARWR CYFIAWNDER.
CARMEL A'R CTLCH. Nos Iau diweddaf, cafwyd cyngerdd yn y lie uchod, o dan nawdd Bwrdd Croesawi y Plwyf. Prif amcan y cyfarfod oedd rhoddi rhyw gydnabyddiaeth fechan Sapper Idwa! Williams ar ei ddychweliad o garchardy y gelyn. Canwyd ac adroddwyd yn darawiadol gan rai o'r lie, pa rai bob amser sydd yn barod mewn ach os o'r fath. SiaraciNvvd hefyd yn bwrpasol ar ran y. milwr dewr gan hicer y plwyf, Mr. Thomas, Carmel, ynghyd as eraill. Cawsom gasgliad da, a throsglwvdd wyd yr oU ohono i' r milwr. Well done. Carmel. Ni welsom ddiwedd blwyddyn mor oleu a r un bresennol er 1913. Buom mewn tywyllwch pedwar Nadolig; ond diolch Dduw, y mae gobaith am Nadolig melysach a thawelach eleni. Felly yr wyf yn cyfarch y Golygydd, gohebwyr, ynghyd a holl ddar- llenwyr y Cronicl gyda Nadolig a zwyliau llawen. LLEW CARMEL.
GARNANT. Damwain.-Dydd lau diweddar, fel yr oedd Mr. Thomas JLewis, o gyd-fasnachaeth Mri. Lewis ac Evans, yn myned âï gerbyd llwythog o nwyddau prisfawr i'w aneirif gwsmeriaid, yn sydyn brawychodd yr anifaii ddwywaith. Y tro cyntat, rhwystrwyd ef ai Bont y Pedol, fel na chafodd gyfiawni e: fwilad hollol annymunol; ond yr ail waith. er pob ymdrech o eiddo y gurwyr, yn rhydd yr aeth, gan garlamu tros y Twyn, gan ddymchwelyd y cerbyd a'i chwalu yn chwi!- fnw, a'r nwyddau gwerthfawr yn wasgarediz trwy yr holl le, gan beri colled drom 1 r perchenogion. Yn ffodus, yr oedd y plant yn yr ysgol ar y pryd, a'r ffordd mewn can- lyniad yn rhydd, fel na ddigwyddodd yr un ddamwain i neb o'r hil ddynol. Lie poblog- aidd am do ieuainc yw y Twyn, ond yn ffodus cafodd yr anifail gwvllt linp rip" y tro hwn. J. F. J.
Danfonir y Cronicl yn wythnosol trwy y Llythyrdy i unrhyw gyfeiriad am 4/4 yr haner blwyddyn, neu 8/8 y flwyddyn blaen- dal. Printed and Published by the Amman Valley Chronicle, Limited, at their Offices, Quay Street, Ammanford in the County of Car marthen, December 19th, 1918.