THE OMNIBUS. I lthings Seen and Heard by the Conductor.) Who was the miner who took his razor to be sharpened on the grindstone? In America butter costs 3s. a lb., whilst colliers have to pay nearly £ 1 a ton for house coal. < The Rev. Isaac Jenkins, who has died in Utica, W.S.A., at one time held a pastorate in Llandilo. He had reached the ripe old age of 82. < < The brewing of beer and other malt beverages in the United States will stop at midnight on Saturday throughout the whole of the States. The election campaign is proceeding very quietly in- the Valley as yet, but no doubt a little ginger will be put into it before our next issue appears. Owing to indisposition, Dr. J. H. Williams, the Labour candidate for the Llanelly Divi- sion, was unable to address the meeting at the lvorites' Hall on Monday evening. Public meetings in support of the candi- dature of Mr. Towyn Jones will not com- mence until this (Thursday) evening, when the campaign will be opened at Brynamman. An Irishman, seeing a vessel very heavily laden, and scarcely above the water's edge, exclaimed: Upon, my soul, if the river was but a little higher, the ship would go to the bottom." < It is reported that the quantity of fish u. the North Sea has never been so great living memory as it is at the present time This surely justifies our hope in having cheaper fish soon. < The outdoor paupers in the Llandilo-fawr Union will receive an additioanl 2s. per week in future. Not much danger of riotous living in future. There is no danger of riotous living on the strength of this increase. The Ministry of Munitions notify that there are now supplies of alcohol available for industrial purposes, while glycerine should, in a few days, be purchasable in the ordinary way from chemists, stores, &c. Methylated spirits is also available. See there," exclaimed a returned Irish soldier to the gaping crowd, as he exhibited with some pride his tall hat with a bullet hole in it. Look at that hole, will you? Ye see, if it had been a low-crowned hat, 1 should have been killed outright." The Government are considering the modi- fication of some of the restrictions on railway traffic. The local Urban Council and the Chamber of Trade should immediately agitate for the running of later trains up the Vallev on Thursdays and Saturdays. ? The supporters of Towyn are quietly confident of the their candidate's success at the forthcoming election, but they should not delude themselves into believing that it is going to be a walk-over, as the Labourists are working assiduously and are bound to poll well. ? < Tests made by an expert in the experi- mental department of the Coal Control at the Holborn Viaduct Hotel shew that in eight hours 16A lbs. of ordinary coal is consumed at a cost of 4}d., and in the same grate 8% lbs. of anthracite, costing 2|d.—a saving of 35 per cent., with no diminution of heating value. The Central Control Board have fixed the following hours for the sale of drink on Christmas Day in the Welsh area and the West Gloucestershire area:—Between 12.30 p.m. and 2.30 p.m. and between 6 p.m. and 9 p.m. for consumption on, and between 12.30 p.m. and 2.30 p.m. and between 6 p.m. and 8 p.m. off. < At a meeting of the Joint Standing Dis- putes Committee of the South Wales Coal- field, held at Cardiff on Tuesday, it was decided that the prosecution of the workmen at Pantyffynnon Colliery for stoppages with- out notice on the 22nd November and 26th October, and the workmen at Tirydail Col- liery should be proceeded with. Undoubtedly one of the most prominent questions likely to be put to the Parliamen- tary candidates will be in regard to their attitude in insisting that the cost of the war shall be paid by Germany. Whilst some candidates believe in imposing drastic terms upon Germany, there are others who do not agree with that policy. It will be interest- ing to hear what the local candidates have to say on the point. It is stated that all men on service in the United Kingdom will be given 12 days' Christmas or New Year's leave. To prevent m further undue congestion on the railways, not more than one-fourteenth of any unit may proceed on leave on any one day. As not more thaa 25 per cent. of men on the strength may be absent from camp together, the leave period, which starts this week, will not end until well in January. » The Ministry of Food announce that from Sunday, until further notice, the followinj classes of meat may be sold by retailers and served as part of a meal by caterers, without requiring the surrender of meat coupons:— Edible cffal, including tongues, kidneys, and I skirt, and all other edible offal of cattle; sheep and pigs mentioned in the uniform schedule of maximum retail prices for offal; and imported tenderloins from cattle. < Lord Haldane, speaking at Bedford on Friday night last, said:—" I do not think the public knew when we mobilised our Army, but I will tell you now. We mobilised at 11 o'clock on the morning of Monday, August 3rd, 36 hours before we declared war. Mobilisation is not a declaration of war. If desired, you can mobilise in time of peace in order to be prepared for war. Within a few hours after the declaration of war the Expedi- tionary Force, with the aid of the Navy, was across the Channel before anybody knew it.' <t <t $ The Westminster Gazette refers to the appointment of Mr. S. O. Davies, B.A as agent for the Dowlais District of the Miners' Federation as follows:—" The workers of the Dow lais district of the South Wales Miners' Federation have made an interesting departure in their choice of an agent. They have elected Mr. S. O. Davies, B.A., to th post. Mr. Davies is a brilliant scholar- product of Rusk in College, and a graduate of the University of Wales—who has for some time acted as checkweigher at Tumble Colliery, in Carmarthenshire. one of tke largest undertakings in the anthracite coal- field. He is an able writer and speaker, and much in request as a lecturer on literature and economics. It is significant that thousands of miners should choose such a man as their leader, and it is all to the good th. sufch a should be fgund willing to lead them."
Brynamman Poultry Show. I The Brynamman Fanciers' Association deserve to be heartily congratulated on the fine success of their endeavours this year again in promoting a poultry show worthy of the reputation of the feathered world events. A previous effort of theirs yielded a surplus of £ 60, which grand sum was handed over to the Soldiers' and Sailors Welfare Society. The proceeds of last Thursday's exhibition are to be devoted to- 'wards erecting a memoria,l to the fallen heroes of Brynamman. The object deserved the splendid support accorded to the enthu- siastic and painstaking committee, which spared neither time, energy or money in making the affair such an unqualified suc- cess. It was held at the Church Hall, which building, though spacious, proved much too small to accommodate the record number of exhibits on show and the great numbers of sightseers and competitors. The hall was kindly lent for the occasion. This fact deserves special mention. The show was opened by Mr. J. Ernest Lewis, manager, Glynbeudy Works, and Mr. Harold Rees, Albion House. Appended is the list of prize-winners selected by the judge of this section, Mr. J. T. Morris, Mountain Ash:- POULTRY. I Classes I and 2.-Game, any variety, cock or hen: I and special, T. Bevan, Glyn- neath; 2, T. J. Edwards, Cwmgiedd; 3, Griffiths Bros., Llanelly. Class 3.—1 and special, D. L. Price, Ystradgynlais; 2, D. Owen, Brynamman; 3, D. Price; 4, G. Thomas, Grovesend. Class 4.-White Wyandotte, hen: 1, D. L. Price; 2, J. Walters, Sketty; 3, D. L. Price; 4. D. Owen. Class 5.—White Wyandotte, pullet: 1, special, and cup for best in show, D. L. Price; 2, D. L. Price; 3, Gomer Thomas. Class 6.—Wyandotte, any colour, cock or hen: I and special, J. A. Boardley, Lan- caster; 2, W. R. Havard, Glynneath; 3, Sydney Hiller, Standon; r., W. Demaid, Treherbert. Classes 7 and 8.—Orpington, cock or hen: I and special, H. Sweetland, Llanelly; 2, D. Rees, Pencader; 3, T. Rees, Llanelly; r., D. Rees; 4, J. Barton. Class 9.-Rock, cock: 1 and special, J. T. Jones, Brynamman; 2, D. M. Jones, Hirwain; 3, Mrs. G. Hughes, Grovesend; r., A. T. Curtis, Ystradgynlais. Class JO.-Rock, hen: I and special, W. J. Llewelyn, Brynamman; 2, D. and M. Jones, Hirwain; 3, W. G. Thomas, Bryn- amman; r., R. Morgan, Brynamman; v.h.c. and h.c., J. T. Jones, Brynamman. Class I i.-Ancona, cock: I and special, D Davies, Ffairfach; 2, T. D. Thomas, Brynamman; 3, D. B. Thomas, Abere dve; r., j Frost, Clydach. Class 12.-Ancona, hen: 1 and special for best Ancona in show, T. D. Thomas, Bryn- amman 2, E. Ashton, Gwaun-cae-gurwen; 3, J. Jones, Carmarthen; r., F. Hargreaves, Brynamman. Classes 13 and 14, 19 to 25—Judge, Mr. D B. Chesterfield, Glynneath. Classes 13 and 14.-Leghorn, cock or hen: 1 and special, J. D. Davies, Bettws; 2, J. S. Jenkins, Llanelly; 3, W. H. Murray, Llanelly; r. and special, J. D. Davies. C lass IS-Judge, Mr. G. Lewis, Godre r- graig. Class 15.-Rhode Island Red, cock: I, D J. Davies, Brynamman 2, R. Bevan, Cwmllynfell; 3, Sydney H. Standon; 4, B. A Jones, Cwmtwrch. Class 16.-Rhode Island Red, hen: 1, D. J. Davies; 2, D. J. Davies; 3, D. R. Jones, Brynamman. Class 17.-Rhode Island Red, cockerel: I and 2, R. Bevan, Cwmllynfell; 3, D. R. Jones; r., S. Hiller, Standon. Class 18.-Rhode Island Red, pullet: 1, special, and 4, D. J. Davies; 2, R. Bevan; 3, Rees, Glynnneath; r., W. H. John, Swansea; v.h.c., D. J. Davies, D. R. Jones, and D. Jones, Pencader. Class 19.-Campine, cock or hen: I and special, Ll. J. Williams, Glynneath; 2, J. Morgan and Sons, Bynea; 3 and 4, D. J. Jones, Llandilo. Class 20.-Any other variety, cock or hen: I and special, J. Griffiths, Cwmllynfell; 2, E. Mainwaring, Ystalyfera; 3, J. Griffiths; 4, W. M. Davies, Llandilo; r., Griffiths, Llanelly. Class 21 .-Selling Class, cock or hen: 1, W. J. Llewelyn, Brynamman, 2, Gwilym Evans, Grovesend; 3, J. Griffiths; 4, D. L. Price. Class 22.-Likeliest layer; 1 and special, W. J. Llewelyn; 2, W. Llewelyn; 3, D. Owen; 4, D. L. Price. Class 23.-Local Class, cock or hen: I and special, F. Hargreaves: 2 and special, T. Williams; 3, G. A. Thomas; 4, Wm. Phillips; r., Mrs. Hayward and C. Jones. Class 24.—Bantam, hard feather, cock or hen- and special, Morgan and Sons, Morris- ton: 2, N. C. Gower Williams, Codbridge; 3, T. J. Lewis, Neath; 4, 1. Pugh, Bryn- amman; r., Morgan and Sons. Class 25.-Bantam, soft feather, cock or hen: I and special, W. R. Havard, Glyn- neath; 2. D. Price, Ystradgynlais; 3, J. Havard, Gorseinon; 4, W. R. Havard, Glyn- neath. PIGEONS. I Class 26.-Racing Homer, likeliest old cock: 1, special, and cup for best in show: Wm. Stephens, Swansea; 2, W. B. Edwards, Gorseinon 3, E. G. Evans, Swan- sea. Class 27.-Racing Homer, likeliest old hen: I and special, J. V. Trant, Exeter; 2, Roberts, Lye; 3, Wm. Jones, Bryn- amman 4, J. Barnes, Gloucester. Class 28.-Racing Homer, likeliest young cock: 1, special, and R.P. special, C. J. Edmunds, Falmouth; 2, J. Vicarage, Swan- sea; 3, W. B. Edwards, Gorseinon. Class 29.-Racing Homer, likeliest yo; hen: I and special, J. H. Hughes, Glan- amman; 2, C. J. Edmunds; 3, P. Clayton, Nantymoel. RABBITS. I Judge, Mr. D. B. Chesterfield, Glyn- neath. Class 30. Belgian 1 and special, H. A. Jones, Garnant; 2, J. Davies, Glanamman; 3, G. Poulet, Morriston. Class 3 I.-Dutch: I and special, R. A. Lewis, Ystalyfera; 2, R. A. Lewis; 3, W. J. Phillips, Llanelly. Class 32.-Any other variety: 1 and special, D. J. Davies, Brynamman; 2, J. C. Brown, Bedlinog; 3, A. M. Francis, Gar- nant. Class 33.-1 and special, A. Gteenwood, Brynamman; 2, W. Morgan, Glanamman; 3, G. Davies, Brynamman. The secretary was Mr. D. R. Jones, Peny- bank, Brynamman. The drawing for a fretwork design of Nelson s Monument, made and given by Mr J. Greenwood, and valued at 15, was deferred till a future date. <
Llandilo Board of Guardians. I The monthly meeting of the above Board of Guardians was held at the Union Offices, Llandilo, on Saturday last, Mr. Gomer Harries, J.P., Chairman, pressiding. There were also present: Mr. J. W. Richards, Vice- chairman; Mr. W. Hopkins, Mr. D. P. Davies, Mr. L. N. Powell, Mr. Roderick Evans, Mr. D. Davies, Mr. Jno. Lewis, Rev. J. Morgans, Mr. J. Hughes, Mr. D. Glyn Jenkins, Mr. Jno. Davies, Mr. Evan Davies, Mr..W. Roberts (Garnant), Mr. Arthur Williams, Mr. W. Roberts (Llanfynydd), Mr. Theophilus Harries, Mr. Chas. Price; together with the Clerk (Mr. R. Shipley Lewis), the Deputy Clerk (Mr. D. Jones Morris), the Relieving Officers (MrT W. Popkins and Mr. W. James) ,and the Master (Mr. D. Evans). POOR LAW CONFERENCE. The Chairman presented a report of the deliberations of the South Wales and Mon- mouthshire Poor Law Conference held at Swansea, which he attended as representative of the Guardians; and he said that a strong feeling was shewn against the proposal to abolish Boards of Guardians throughout the country, and it was decided to ask the various Boards of Guardians represented to pass resolutions against the proposal, and that resolutions be sent to the local members ot Parliament for the Union, as well as candi- dates at the forthcoming election. They should impress upon the Government that they did not think it satisfactory for the County Council to have any more work attached to them, as their action with education since the abolition of School Boards had not been such as to justify confidence. Mr. Jno. Lewis asked whether full parti- culars of the proposed scheme were submitted to the Conference, and he said that they could not very well IDass anything before they knew what the difference was. The Chairman replied that the scheme was submitted to the Conference. Mr -J. Richards said he thought the pro- posal had been discussed for the last ten years. Mr. W. Williams said the question resolved itself as to whether they believed in direct representation or in the appointment of a higher Council, when small committees would be formed in different areas. They had an example of the latter in the matter of educa- tion. In the time of the School Boards, the people who administered education were elected directly by the people. Now there was no election. It was placed in the hands of the County Council. He dared say that this new scheme was intended to work in the same way as education had been working, and they knew the result. Mr. Arthur Wiltiams said the democratic principle of direct representation on Boards of Guardians was not without its faults. Nevertheless, by handing over the work to the County Council, the poor will not have the same justice as they were having by direct representation to-day. The Chairman said that at the Conference the resolution was passed unanimously. Mr. A. Williams added that he was afraid that public bodies in this county were a great deal too conservative in this matter. He was afraid that they as a Board of Guardians were guilty of the same thing as the County Council. Things were not carried out in a proper spirit in view of their innate conser- vatism. He proposed that they support the resolution submitted, and that the Board oi Guardians as at present existing be a separate body which was directly elected. The resolution as submitted from the Con- ference was unanimously adopted, and the Chairman was thanked for his attendance at the Conference and for his lucid report thereon. HOUSE REPORT. The report shewed that divine service had been conducted in the House by the Rev. G. E Williams (Baptist), Rev. G. Davies (Methodist), and Archdeacon Williams. The Master asked if the Board would con- tinue to give Christmas dinner to the inmates th:s year. It was unanimously agreed to do so. ADDITIONAL RELIEF. With reference to additional relief for out- door paupers, the Clerk said that he had re- ceived instructions from other Unions respect- ing non-settled paupers to grant them addi- tional amounts varying from Is. to 4s. Still, he thought it was not advisable to grant vary- ing amounts, which would undoubtedly give ri.se to much dissatisfaction. Mr. J. Bevan then proposed that they grant an additional sum of 2s. to outdoor paupers, which should include non-settled paupers and children. Mr. J. Hughes seconded, and the proposi- tion was carried. It was decided to ask other Unions who had paupers chargeable to the Ltandi to Unic-n under their control to treat them the same as their own paupers. TREASURER'S REPORT. I The Treasurer presented his report, which shewed outstanding calls to be £ 451, and balance in hand £246. HEATING APPARATUS. I The Chairman complained of the heating I of the Board Room, pointing out the injurious effect upon health when having to sit there in such a cold atmosphere for several hours. The Clerk said there was something un- I doubtedly wrong with the apparatus, as the Caretaker kept a fire in both day and night, and had done so for the last fortnight. It was decided to ask Mr. D. Pritchard Davies to inspect the apparatus. THE ARMISTICE. I The Chairman expressed the Board's thank- fulness for the successful termination ot hostilities. A great deal of the credit was due to the Right Hon. D. Lloyd George, who in his masterly handling of the situation had been to a large extent responsible for the successful iurn of events and the complete subjugation of German militarism. He anti- cipated that a new era would now dawn upon Europe. Mr. W. Williams then said that he felt sure that the Chairman, with his usual liberality, would, when peace was actually signed, invite the members to a sumptuous banquet to celebrate the occasion. If it was not an imposition on good nature, he would propose it. The motion was carried with great hearti- ness. PREMIER'S WALKING-STICK. I Before the business of the Rural District Council was proceeded with, the beautiful walking-stick which it is intended to present to the Premier was handed round tor the mem- bers' inspection, they having subscribed to- wards the same.
Railway Smash at Pantyffynnon. TWO TRAINS IN COLLISION. I At 10.30 on Monday morning, a collision took place at Pantyffynnon Station between a mineral train and a passenger train, result- ing in about 15 persons being in jured. It appears that a L. & N.W.R. goods train, loaded with minerals, &c., from Shrewsbury was proceeding on the line towards Pontar- dulais, and at the same time the 10.2 passen- ger train from Llanelly was travelling in the direction oi Pantyffynnon, and was nearing the points which lead to the Brynamman branch line. The driver and fireman of the passenger train, realising their dagger, fortu- nately jumped from the engine after shutting off steam, and thereby saved what might have been a very serious accident. The two engines plunged against each other, resulting in a huge crash, and several coaches were telescoped. All the passengers received a severe shaking, and several sustained a shock and more or less minor injuries. It is remark- able that the results were so light, having regard to the circumstances. The compart- ments of some coaches were wrecked, and it is miraculous how the occupants saved from sustaining fatal injuries. Fortunately, the G.W.R. Ambulance Detachment of Panty- ffynnon, under the efficient charge of Mr. A. Jones, quickly arrived on the scene, and the needs of the passengers were immediately attended to. Dr. D. R. Price, Ammanford, was also soon in attendance. Thanks are due to Mr. D. Owens, Dynevor Arms Hotel, Pantyffynnon, for his at kind- ness in accommodating the injured persons and providing refreshments. Credit is also due to Mr. D. Jones, stationmaster, Pantyffynnon, and his officials for the efficient manner in which they dealt with the situation, and who, through their excellent services, enabled the day's traffic to be resumed without much in- convenience and delay. Among the injured were the following:— Mr. Max Reuben, 1, Hall Street, Amman- ford, severe shock. Miss Reuben, 1, Hall Street, Ammanford, serious facial injury. Mr. Thomas Jones, Plough Inn, Bettws, shock. Mr. Morgan Morgans, Dinas Terrace, Pontardulais, injury to right leg. Priv. A. S. Meyrick, Gianyrafon Road, Pontardulais, injuries to face. Mr. John Henry Thomas, RosehiH Ter- race, Swansea, injuries to back. Priv. Thomas Owen, R.A.F., of Berllan Court, Llandovery, slight injury to face. Inspector P. N. Rees, of Llanelly, injury to face. Mr. A. Ridley, Llanelly. Guard Esmond, of Llandovery, who was 01 duty on the passenger train, also sus- tained a severe shock. Some other passengers suffered from slight shock as a result of the collision. The incident attracted a large crowd of people, the noise of the impast being heard some distance away.
Mark Hambourg's Visit to Ammanford. The appearance of Mark Hambourg—the world-renowned pianist-at the Pa!ace Theatre on Saturday next marks the most historic and important musical event in the history of the Principality, and it is to be hoped that all who have the cause of music at heart (and there are hundreds up and down the Valley) will take advantage of the magnificent treat in store. A gentleman, who has visited Ammanford in the capacity of a professional musician, was much impressed with its musical audi- ences and fine hall accommodation, and he suggested to Mr. J. F. Younge, who is arranging a series of Hambourg Concerts in Wales, that a Recital be given at Amman- fOId. Truly a fine compliment! The enter- prising proprietor of the Palace Theatre, Mr. Bosisto, with commendable promptness, de- clared himself ready to associate his valuable influence with the project, with the result that at 5 p.m. on Saturday next, December 7th, Ammanford will be honoured with the presence of a Master Pianist whose personality and renown are sufficient to fill the largest Concert Hall in London. The writer of this short article heard Mark Hambourg some 18 years ago, when he was known as the great Russian Pianist, and while he has heard in the meantime some of the greatest pianists of the day, the musical impression made upon him then has obscured all the others. How one is still haunted with the phenomenal tech- nique, contributing as it did to the divine inter- pretations of the classics that then constituted the programme. All who seek to know the highest ideals in Musical Art should not miss the rare occasion on Saturday. Pianoforte students (and their number is legion) will be given an opportunity of know- ing what their instrument is capable of ex- pressing. Parents of children learning the instrument should not deny them a musical experience that will be lasting and life-long. The recital has been timed at an hour that will give facilities of train service up and down the Valley. If this venture meets with the success it deserves, it is quite POssile that other stars will find Ammanford a convenient centre to visit, and thus bring Ammanford and district, as well as the Amman Valley, within the range of musical blessing enjoyed by such places as Cardiff and Swansea, &c. Let all turn out and give the great artiste a bumper reception.
PAPER-MAKING IN SOUTH AFRICA. I Mr. F. S. Malan, Minister of Industries, speaking at the Printers' Exhibition in Johannesburg, expressed the belief that South Africa was at the beginning of an industrial development which was going to have a far- reaching effect. As to raw material for the printing industry, the Government had been sending samples of all kinds of fibre to the Imperial Institute for testing, and had re- ceived excellent reports, especially of the tajibookie grass and wattle bark fibres. There was no doubt South Africa had the materials, but nobody seemed to have the requisite energy. Did they realise, for instance, that they were to-day paying people to cart away and bum waste paper which could be used again for the manufacture of other paper. There must be huge quantities of waste paper available.
WAR -MEMORIAL FOR CWMAMMAN. To the Editor, Amman Valley Chronicle. Sir,—In the previous issue of the Chronicle I noticed a very good suggestion brought for- ward by the Secretary of the Cwmamman Soldiers' and Sailors' Fund, Mr. W. A. Hay, re a Hall similar to the Y.M.C.A. Halls. As a ratepayer of Cwmamman, the building of Swimming Baths, &c., in my view, should be proceeded with, as the River Amman and stagnant pools are not fit for our children to bathe in. If we cannot bring the sea to the children, let us do what we can. There is no need to explain the scheme to parents who have seen their chil- dren come home from the River Amman after bathing; and no one will be so ready to endorse the suggestion as the soldiers and sailors.- Yours, &c., Cawdo, Vd! W. G. WILLIAMS. I Caw d or ViHa.
AMMANFORD BRANCH OF THE NATIONAL FEDERATION OF DIS- CHARGED AND DEMOBILISED SAILORS AND SOLDIERS. To the Editor, Amman Valley Chronicle. Sir,-Between now and Christmas, the members of the above Branch have decided to make a grant from their funds to all widows in the town who have lost their husbands in the service of their country during the present war. The grant will be based on the number in family, and by this means we feel that the money will be distributed fairly and without favour. We shall be pleased to receive the names of any widows who have not received the form issued by the Federation for the purpose of assessing these grants, and same can be had by applying to me or any member of the Federation.—For the Committee and Mem- bers, T. RAINFORD, Hon. Sec. P.S.—Any subscription to swell this fund will be greatly appreciated, and may be sent to the Secretary, which will be acknowledged and included in the Press report and state- ment of distribution.
"LIVELY MEETING AT LLAN- DEBIE." To the Editor, Amman Valley Chronicle. Sir—Will you kindly allow me space in your paper to correct an erroneous impression which the report of my speech in the above meeting may convey to people who were not present at the meeting? Had what I said been fully reported in your last issue, I would not have troubled you with this epistle. The meeting was, according to the posters, callea to discuss some means or other to relieve dependents of soldiers and sailors of rates due for the year ending March, 1919. After the meeting had opened it was plainly to be seen that there was no need to suggest proposals, for the Parish Council, overseers, and Clerk had already done the thinking. And It is their scheme that I strongly objected to, and also the majority of ratepayers present, though your report.tates that only two were against. What I said at the meeting was that the allowances granted by the Government were totally inadequate to keep body and soul to- gether. By an Act of Parliament (the Mili- tary Service Act) the Government took these men without asking them if they wanted to fight or not, separated them from their wives and dear little children, and broke up their happy home, and having done so, I maintain that they ought to be responsible for their liabilities. I further objected to this money being obtained from the ratepayers, inasmuch as there are many who are unable to follow their employment through sickness. Again, we have men who are in receipt of compen- sation and what of the poor widow who is the sole support of the family? Surely, these are people who are as deserving as any ot support. Again, what of we, miners, who have on!y been working at the rate of one and two days per week? We had on several occasions to get assistance from the Distress Fund, and now we are asked to meet a three- penny rate. I say, make the Government foot the: bill and all other obligations caused by the breadwinners being taken to the Army. It is quite an easy matter for the Government to increase the excess profit tax, and thereby meet all the liabilities of soldiers and sailors. That, of course, will have to be put in the next Budget; but in the meantime the money can be had from the Treasury. The incom- plete report of my speech certainly tends to lead people to think that I am against sol- diers and sailors' dependents. That is in- correct. I am a member of the Reception Committee here, and at a meeting held last week I was appointed to go round the village to get prizes in connection with an art drawing we are getting up in aid of our bevs, and succeeded in getting 30 prizes ranging from 5s. up to 30s. I have always done my best for the soldiers and sailors' dependents. In conclusion, I say make Lloyd George and his supporters realise the seriousness of the matter; and I hope that every voter in this division will show his and her disapproval of the conduct of the Government, by voting for Dr. Williams at the forthcoming elecion.- Yours, &c., E. IFOR EVANS. l Havre House, Llandebie, December 2nd, 1918.
THE NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR THE BLIND I The Rev. David Griffiths, of Manchester, The Rev. David Griffiths, of Manc h ester, will deliver a lecture at Ebenezer Chapel on Wednesday evenling next, December 11th, at 7 p.m., in aid of the above Institute. The Institute, in addition to iis far-reaching and varied work for the blind in general, is en- gaged in the training and after care of the soldiers and sailors at St. Dunstan' s Hostel, blinded in the war. The beneficent work accomplished by the Institute, under the distinguished patronage of Their Majesties the King and Queen and Queen Alexandra, and under the presidency of Sir Arthur Pearson, Bart., G.C.B.E., will, we feel sure, appeal to the Ammanford public, and the tickets now on sale throughout the town will, it is to be sincerely hoped, find a ready sale. It is also to be hoped that Ebenezer Chapel will be filled with interested hearers, for the Rev. David Griffiths, himself blind, who, previous to the war was a minlister at Colwyn Bay, is now chaplain to the Institute, will have an entrancing story to tell. He is a gentleman possessed of great eloquence, capable of "doming his tale with wit and anecdote, and of embellishing it with much native humour. The lecture is organised by the Free Church Council, and the president, Mr. W. Cathan Davies, will preside.
Y Colofnau Cymraeg. AT EIN GOHEBWYR AC ERAILL Yigrifa a, Barddoniaeth, Nodion, I-Itmuffln. a Gohibiaethan fto hanfon cyn GYNTED YN YR WYTHNOS ag y byddo medd ft GOLYGYDD, CRONICL DYFFRYN AMAN," AMANFORD. [Er ein bod yn rhoddi pob cyfleastra i ohebvoyr ddatgan ea barn ar gioestiynrum lleol, nid ydyw hynny i olyga ein bod yn cydsynio 6'a daliadau.—GOL.] Nid ydym yn ymrwymo i ddychieelyd anrhyts ysgril annerbyniol os na anlonir amlen S tiamp gyda chais am hynny ar y pryd. Cofier hyn, gan y rhoddir toll drom t'f jasged bob wothnos. Rhaid bod yn Igr ac i bwynt.—GOL.
I I Eisteddfod Castelirhingyil. I Cynhaliwyd eisteddfod yn y lie uchod, nos Sadwrn diweddaf, o dan lywyddiaeth Mr. David Mainwaring, Penygroes. Bamwyd y gerddoriaeth gan Mr. Gwilym Evans, Cross Hands; yr amrywiaeth gan Mr. John Jones, Cross Hands; a'r gwaith gwnio gan Mrs. L. Berian James, Penygroes. Y cyfeilydd oedd Mr. D. W. Hughes, Gorslas. Gwobrwywyd fel a ganiyn-- U.wd dan 10 oed: Lily Maude Lloyd a Willie Davies, Cefneithin. Adroddiad dan 11 oed: Rhannwyd rhwng Bessie Lloyd, Cwmgwili, a Doris Lloyd, Cefneithin; 2, S. J. Williams, Cwmgwili. Unawd i ferched dan 12 oed: Doris Lloyd, Cefneithin. Darllen ar y pryd: GwiIym Morgan, Gorslas, a Percy Morris, Penygroes. Unawd ar y berdoneg: Handel Hudles, Gorslas. Am y brat (pinafore) goreu, gwaith llaw: Iris." Unawd i fechgyn dan 12 oed: James Daniels, Cross Hands. Ateb chwe' cwestiwn: Rhannwyd rhwng pedwar o gystadleuwyr. Unawd i ferched dan 15 oed: Doris Lloyd, Cefneithin. Adroddiad i blant dan i6 oed: Johnny Rowe, Cwmgwili. Unawd i fechgyn dan 15 oed: Rhannwyd rhwng James Daniels, Cross Hands; a Gwilym Morgan, Gorslas. Par o fenyg goreu: Miss Cissie Taylor, Penygarn, Penygroes. Cyfieithu chwe' gair: Percy Morris, Peny- groes. Unawd i rai heb ennill o'r blaen: Mr. W. J. Davies, Gorslas. Telyneg: Mr. B. H. Jones (Mab-yr- Awen) -Penygroes. Deuawd: Mr. W. Adams a Mrs. Nicholas, Penygroes. Pedwarawd: Blaenau Friends (arweinydd, Mr. Luther Davies). Wyihawd: Chwech Heol, Gorslas. Her Unawd: Miss L. M. Davies, Saron. Prif adroddiad: Mr. Tom Walters, Hendre.
I ENGLYNION Ddarllenwyd yng nghyfarfod anrhegu Priv. Johnny Davies, R.A.M.C., a'r Military Medal, ynglyn a' r Discharged Soldiers and Sailors a rhieni y gwroniaid cwympedig. -Am aberth rhown i'n meibion—gan a pharch, Gwcn a phob cysuron A goleu teg y wlad hon Dorrir ar ben y dewrion. Y Gwir a'u hoes a garasant,-i'r drin Arw draw cerddasant; Yn nawdd Duw cawd newydd dant. Ac i' r miloedd ceir moliant. Diolch, wroniaid diwyd-am roi gwawr Ym mro gudd yr adfyd; Ar rhwyg enfawr-rhoi gwynfyd, Hedd i fôr-a Newydd Fyd. Brynaman. ALFA.
CALFAR1. (Ton—" Dyffryn Baca "), Wele Obaith gwynn yr oesau Ar Galfari, Alpha--Omega'r dalguddiadau Ar Galfarv t Wele Fywyd Creadigaeth, Doeth Reolwr Trefn Rhagluniaeth, A Thywysog Iachawdwriaeth Ar Galfari. Dyma fan ï r enaid clwyfus Ar Galfari, Dderbyn falm i'r fron ddolurus Ar Galfari. Iachawdwriaeth faith ddiddarfod Gaed i'r isa' n nyfnder pechod, Duw Ei Hun sy'n taro'r gwaelod Ar Galfari. Fe barlysir hen bechodau Ar Galfari; Tyrr y byl!t, a syrth y barrau, Ar Galfari. Gwaed y Galon Fwyn yn llifo Yrr galonnau garw i wylo; Corff marwolaeth gadd ei am do Ar Galfari. Gwthiwyd ymaith Nos y Fagddu Ar Galifari, Can ddihafal Ddydd yr lesu Ar Galfari. Gras Tadolaeth gafwyd yno Mewn Mabolaeth wir yn gwreiddio, A Brawdoliaeth sy'n egino Ar Galfari. Doed cenhedloedd i gymodi Ar Galfari, Fel bo'r cledd am byth yn rhydu Ar Galfari. Peidied swn pob gwaedlyd drafod Yng nhangnefedd gwaed y Cymod Be gaed Pabell i gyfarfod Ar Galfari. R. K. f. Bod Feir'i" B B. E. J. I
CADEIRIO I .I Mr. Rees Evans (Alltfab), Cwmgors, yn y TabemacI, Sadwm, Tach. 16, 1918. Fardd mwyivaf, rhwydd i minnau-yw canu Cynnes ddymuniadan; Arhosed ar uchaf risiau Byw awen iach heb wanhau. Brydydd mad, di-frad dy fron,-gwel addurr. Teg llwyddtant dy geinion Gwel ein Gwaha un galon Yn dwr hedd ï r gadair hon. Wyl awenydd! C!yw he-,io--iach heddwch Yn chwyddo drwy'th henfro; Uwch dy fraint raae serch dy fro Yrt d'arwaia i th gadeirio. Brynaman. EMLYN AJVIAN. Brynaman.
CARMEL A'R CYLGH. Bu y gorchwyl o newid athrawon yn y Church Hall, y Sul diweddaf. Penribdwyd fel a ganIyo :-Dosbarth y bechgyn. D. Hutcheon; dosbarth y merched, D. Watkins; dosbarth rai dan 16 oed, D. J. Roberts; dos- barth dan 12 oed, Miss Lily Jones. Y mae'r ardal uchod yn llawn llawenydd. a hawdd vdyw gwybod paham. Y mae Priv. ldwal Williams, mab Mr. a Mrs. Williams, Tynewydd, yr hwn sydd wedi bod yr. gi1,.f'r')r yn mvylo y gelyruon creulon am ryw ddeg mis, wedi dychweiyd i' w gartret yn ddiogel. Y mae wedi gweled amser cated. ond yn awr y mae y cyfan drosodd; felly cyd-lawenhawn a theulu T ynewydd yn y fath amgylchiad hapus. Y mae y brawd yma yn aelod ffyddlon o Eglwys y Bedydd- wyr, a siaradwyd yn bwrpasol ar ei ran, nos Su! diweddaf. gan Mr. Thomas, y gwein- idog. Bydded i'r Hwn aï cadwodd yn amser ei gyfyngder ei gynnortnv.yo yn was- tad er gogoniant tragwyddol i Dduw y Nef- ocdd. LLEW CARMEL-
LLANSADWRN. Amheuthyn i mi oedd cael y cyfle wrando ar un a fagwyd ar fronnau y phvyf uchod yn gwasanaethu yng ngwyl fly-,iyddol Bethel, Garnant, y Sul diweddaf, ym mherson y Parcfi. D. Marlais Davies, B.A.. Cwmafon. Un o blant y mynydd ydyw Marlais," ac y mae wedi gadael ei ddelw yn gryf arno. Mae cadernid y mynydd yn ei ffeithiau, a phurdeb y mynydd yn ei ddiwinyddiaeth. Ganwyd ef ar !ecyn pryd- ferth o r enw Pantyrhendre, ac afon Marlais yn rhedeg wrth ei draed. Bu ganwaith wrth ymyl yr afon fach, a'i chroesi yn ddyddiol dawyv/a)th t'r ysgo!; ac i bob tebygoirwydd, wedi cael rhywbeth mwy na i enw odd wrthi. Fl yr oedd yr afon yn enni!l nerth wrth fyned rhagddi, felly yntau. Troai pob carrcg rhwystr yn garreg gamu i fwy o ynni a phenderfyniad, aes y mae Keddyw yn un o feistriaid y gynulleidfa ym mulpud ei enwad ac nid rhyfedd chwaith pan gofiwn ei fed yn disgyn o linach Dafi Jones o Ca"o (cyfteithydd Hymnau Dr. Watts Har a' Marlais" c deulu parchus a goleuedig. Yr oedd ei ddi- weddar dad, y Cynghorydd Daniel Davies (coffa da Ï w enw), yn gerddor o fri, ac yn w!e idyddwr pybyr dros egwyddorion Ymne If- tuaeth. Hefyd ei fam, medda hithau at synnwyr cyffredin cryf, ac yn barchus iawn ym mysg ei chydnabod. Collodd "Marlais" un brawd ar faes y frwydr, y diweddar Priv. Trefor Davies, ond hyderwn y cyfannir y teulu ) gyd maes o law. Nerthed lor hwvnt hyd ymgyfarfyddont oil yn deulu liawn hwnt i r lien. Arhosed bwa ein cyfaill parchu.- yn gryf am lawer o flynyddau yn ei faes, Seion, Cwmafon, lie mae yn fawr ei batch gan ei braidd. Gu arwr dan ei geroi-yw Marlais, Mawr elw i Seion; I lesu oes un gwas ion Mwy ufudd yng Nghwmafon. D. B. T.
PENYGROES. Yr oedd yn dda gennyf fi a llawer eraill oedd yn methu bod yn brcsennol, i glyweo fod penderfyniad unfrydo] wedi ei wneud yn y cyfarfod cyhoeddus gynhaliwyd yr wythnos ddiweddaf i d-alu trethu gwecidwon a gwragedd y milwyr ar morwyr. Yr oedd y:i dda gennym glywed hefyd fod materion pwysig eraill wedi eu codi X fyny, ac fod sy!w y Cyngor Plwyfol wcdi ei alw a: ddiffyg y dwfr. Cobeithio y bydd y cais am gael y post yn foreuac h i'r lie yn llwyddo. Dylasai rhywun fod wedi codi y cwestiwn c gael gwell cyfieusterau i gyrraedd y rheii- ffordd. Nid yw y motor- bus yn bresenno] V! fawr o wasanaeth. Mae aiffyg cyfleustra 0'1 fath hyn yn Ilawer mwy o anfantais i'r bobl yn gyffredinol na cholli awr cyn derbyn llythyr. Ni ddisgwylir i'r bobl sydd a motor- cars at eu gwasanaeth i gydymdeimlo ag angenion cyffredinoJ. Nid cyflcusierau per- sonau unigol ddylai gael eu hystyried gyntaf, ond angenion y werin. Cwestiwn arall ddylld ei ddwyn ymlaen ydyw yr angen mawr o gael goleu ar yr heolydd ac yn y tai. Mewn pen- tref. cyfagos ceir electric light i bawb sydd yn dew is ei gael, ond yn y pentref hwn, rhyw bersonau arbennig a ffafr-ddynion yn unig sydd yn cael eu hystyried. Nid dymunol ydyw gweled siop ar un llaw yn disgleirio gan y trydan, a' r siop gyferbyn mewn banner tywyliwch chcrwydd prinder olew. An- foddlongariawn y teimla y person sydd yn gorfod byw wrth lewyrch cannwyll, tra y mae ei gymydog agosaf a 1 dy yn oleuedig ym mhob ystafeJI. Bydded Ïr Cyngor Plwyfol symud yr anghysondeb a'r annhegwch hyn. drwy ddod a public supply i'r arc'al. GWEITHIWR NOS.
FA8UINS FOR BOYS. Some time ago, the Government of Wes- tern Australia initiated a scheme for placing boys on farms within the State, in order that they might have the most practical kind 01 training in the years before they are ready to take up land for themselves. The farmers shewed considera ble eagerness in securing the services of the boys, and last year the Govern- ment had applications for 600, of which num- ber only 339 could be supplied. The Govern- ment keeps in close touch with all boys sent, and receive piles of letters shewing that both they and the farmers are pleased with the scheme. The Colonial Secretary, the Hon. H. F. Colebatch, recently remarked: Some parents may think their boys too clever or too well educated for farm work. This is a mis- take. There are many boys too dull or too ignorant to make 'a success of farming—none too bright or too well educated. In modern agriculture the race is to the keen and highly- trained intelligence.
Lord Robert Cecil, dealing with the events leading up to the war, says the only excuse which Germany tnadfe for her action was the fear of being attacked by Russia. I now believe, though I did not always believe (he said) that this excuse was absolutely untrue. Germany knew better than we fhe condition of Russia, because she had highly placed Russians in her pay. Printed and Published by the Amman Valley Chronicle, Limited, at their Offices, Quay Street, Ammanford, in the County of Car- marthen, December 5th, 1918.