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WAR-TIME GARDEN WORK & ALLOTMENT INTERESTS. If Lettuces are wanted for salads during the winter, seeds of the cos variety should be !-own now thinly in boxes or pails, and placed in a temperature of about 60deg. If cut while still very young during winter they make a de- lirious salad. Lettuces growing in the open now, as a rule, need some protection. A hand- liirht placed over them is of great benefit to the plants; but if they are lifted carefully, so that the leaves are not damaged, and placed in a frame, they will, provided you keep away slugs, be in good condition for eating during the winter. Where lettuces have been planted out in frames careful attention to ventilation must be given during the winter. Free ventilation l- necessary so that the plants may be kept short-jointed and sturdy. In a too close at- mosphere the leaves often damp," and -the plants become spoilt. When the weather is w ry wet open the lights, but keep them tilted np at the back. The same method of treat- ment also applies to cauliflowers in frames. onions can be made a very profitable crop, or where the garden is only small even a few onions are worth growing for the winter sea son. The ground should be well prepared by a thorough trenching. Width as well as depth of trench should be considered, as onions are all the better (as are other crops) for rooting deeply. The surface of the ground should be left rough, so that the action of the sun. wind, and rain on the sol will break it up before sowing time comes. Winter spinach needs but very little atten- tion during the winter, provided that the plants are thinned out so that they do not uracil one another. The ground around the plants must be kept free of weeds, and hoeing should be done frequently. Hoeing is not only beneficial in keeping down weeds, but very considerably lielpg growth by aerating the soil. and also prevents insects collecting around the roots and stems. Now that endive plants are of a fair size they may be blanched indoors. Choose a drv day, or keep the plants s-heltered for a time, -<> that whatever the weather they may he dry when blanching takes place. Cover each plant with a box or pot, but take care ttiat these are large enough to allow for growth, and, of course, see that the holes in. the pots are stopped up, and that the boxes- can admit no lisht. A simple method of ensuring dark- ness to place a -late over the top of each pot or box. Currants are such useful fruit that wherever j possible some should be planted in the gaiden. The bushes should be planted between now and March, though autumn planting is the best. After thoroughly preparing the sou, make holes to the depth of tim. to Sin., and spread the roots out well in the hole. Add the soil gradually, then tread it down well after planting. Stakes must be put in at planting for standards, but cordon,, espaliers and fans should be loosely attached to a wail or fence. A good method where. the fence is lew is to train the cordons at an angle. On: of the v. erst troubles while growing are slugs. They attack all kinds of bulbs, but seem to prefer tulips. "Bulbs grow inn under empty pots are especially liable to atuaek, but a SUIt: methüd of keeping them away is to cover the bulbs with pure sand. This not only keeps away the pests, but. helps to draw the shoots up quickly, and when these are about lin. to 2in. high, there is no longer need to fear the slugs. Bulbs growing out- doors should be closely covered w th ashes or sand, or a quicker method after planting the rows is to scatter thinly all over the bed a layer of cocoanut fibre. A delightful and uncommon tulip which bears beautiful, blooms, somewhat resemb :n<^ those of a water IKy. is the Tulipa Kallf manniana. This may be planted row in fairly light- soil, or of the soil1 is somewhat heavy, make sure that it is well drained. It will bloom well in borders. The flowers are usually white or creamy, striped with crim- son on the underside of the petals and splashed with a yellow centre. I he petals are large and spread out very much in the waterlily fashion. When the foliage has dr'ed away after flowering, the bnlbs should be lifted, a3 they are very ]iab!e to rot if the weather is at all wd, and in any case the bulbs produce better biooias if they are lifted and stored each year. <

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