CYCLECAR AND MOTOR CYCLE I NOTES. [BY CELERITER. J I LIGHT CARS ON TRIAL: SOME I USEFUL COMPARISONS. I| The recent Light Car trial held by the Midland Light Car Club allows one to draw some useful comparisons between the various machines entered. The trial was conducted over a 92 mile course through ordinary give and take country with one or two bad hills such as Ankerdine and the Lickey, and had to be covered at a schedule speed y of 20 miles an hour. The trial was practically a test of the general efficiency and all round capabilities of the cars entered, all of which bad to come inside the A.C.U. 1,100 c.c. engine capacity limit. The tests included a stopping and restarting test on a gradient of 1 in 6 which not only tested the clutch, gears and transmission, but also the brakes. An engine test was also included in which the engines had to be started and the car moved away under its own power in less than 31 seconds. A flexibility hill climb was also included, but most important of all was the petrol consumption test. Unless each machine completed the course with a petrol consumption not exceeding one gallon for every 35 miles, 10 marks were deducted. The actual petrol consumption figures afford some useful data, the petrol was very care- fully measured under my own supervision, so I know that the figures obtained are reliable. Before starting in the trial each competitor's tank was filled to the brim, the filler cap attached and sealed. Then at the conclusion of the trial the tanks were again filled and the amount required to fill each tank was carefully measured even to the last fluid ounce. Many leading makes of machines were entered in the trial, including the follow- ing:-Caltborpe, Crescent, Enfield, Alldays, Standard G. W.K., A.C. Morgan, Humberette, Morris-Oxford, Swift, Warne, Horstman, and Melen. The highest number of marks went to an air cooled Humberette, which also bad the lowest petrol consumption of any machine in the trial, including the several Morgans entered. The actual petrol consumption works out at the very reasonable figure of 67 miles to the gallon. The weight of this Humberette with its complement of driver and passenger came out at 1218lbs, so that expressed in ton-miles the petrol consumption come out at 26 t-m to the gallon. Another Humberette entered in the trial but with a water cooled engine and driven by a lady, only did 40.9 miles to the gallon, weighing 13541bs. The ton-miles per gallon work out at 24.5. A Standard car weighing 17901bs with passenger and driver had a petrol consumption of 38 8 miles to the gallon or 31 ton-miles, which is quite a good figure. Another Standard, a new machine out on the road for the first time, did 40.9 miles to 4he gallon or—as it weighed less than the other Standard-30.6 ton-miles, showing the difference in efficiency between an old car with the engine well run in comparison to a new one with a comparatively stiff engine. A two cylinder G.Wruncing on Benzole put uo tlgùOd performance with a consumption of 49,5 miles to the gallon with a weight of 14001 bs, ton-miles 31, though with a two- engine one would have expected a lather higher efficiency than this as compared to the four cylinder engined cars. As show- ing the difference between two and four cylinder cars of the same makes, a two- cylinder Enfield Autolette driven by a lady and weighing 14551ba all told did 47.8 miles to the gallon which is equal to 31.2 n-miles to the gallon, whilst a four cylinder icar of the same make and weighing 1600lbs averaged 33.5 miles to the gallon, which is only equal to 24 ton-miles to the gallon. The best consumption by the Morgan, and there were five entered in the trial, was equal to 52.6 miles to the gallon. The car complete weighed 10571bs, so that the ton-miles come out at 24 5 to the gallon, a figure that does not compare very well with some of the figures for the four cylinder cars, and seeing that the Morpan has a two-cylinder engine it would be interesting to know where the loss 8f efficiency comes in, whether it is in the V engine or in the transmission—possibly it in in both. The next best Morgan did 42.5 miles to the gallon, or with the weight of 909 lbs. 20 ton-miles. Another Morgan with an air cooled M.A.G. engine—a now departure for the Morcnn-onlv did 34.8 miles to the gallon. This ie my second experience of the M.A.G. engine lately and each seem to point to the fact that the M.A.G. is an un- economical engine. The ton-miles per gallon of this machine comes out at only 13-a very poor figure. One would expect better results than this from an air-cooled engine, for providing that the engine was not over- loaded and consequently overheated, not underloaded and consequently too cool, it should give a higher thermal efficiency than a water-cooled engine, and should therefore have a lower petrol consumption. This par- ticular engine was driven by an expert trade driver, so that one can assume that it would be handled in as skilful a manner as possible, yet the results were not nearly equal to those obtained from a water-cooled engine in a similar car driven by a lady. There are many conditions affecting the results obtained all through, but in such a trial as this one can assume that as a whole the con- ditions are pretty eqiial-all had to cover the same course, all were trying to economise petrol so as to come within the limits allowed, and all had to run at the same schedule speed of 20 miles per hour or lose marks on the time checks; in fact none of the competitors whose machines are under consideration lost marks from any cause. The petrol consumption of other machines, which like those previously mentioned qualified for gold medals, came out as follows :—Calthorpe, weighing 1,386 lbs. (weight includes passenger and driver in all Bases), 36.8 miles to the gallon, 22.5 ton- miles; Crescent, weighing 1,155 lbs., 38.8 miles per gallon, 19.8 ton-miles. This machine had a two-cylinder V" engine and friction drive. Four-cylinder A-C, weighing 1,483 lbs, 38.8 miles per gallon, 26 ton-miles. Two Morris Oxford machines were entered, but neither gained gold medals, for one lost 10 marks in the engine-starting test, and the other only did 27.4 miles to the gallon, so lost in the petrol consumption test. One machine weighed 1,840 lbs. and averaged 38.8 miles to the gallon or 32 ton-miles, the beat figure obtained with the exception of that achieved by the Humberette. The other Morris Oxford only did 27.4 miles to the gallon, equal to 21.5 ton-miles. A Swift which lost marks through losing the course and not going through the stopping and re- starting test inconsequence, did 43.3 miles to the gallon, and weighing 1,360 lbs the ton-miles came out at 26.6. This was a new car with a new driver. A Melan light car, weighing 1,516 lbs, did 33.5 miles to the gallon and 23 ton-miles. A Warne did 30.6 miles to the gallon, weight 1,307 lbs., ton- miles 18. These figures are interesting inasmuch as they show whether a car is efficient as regards fuel economy or merely a heavy conglomeration of parts with an engine thrown in to drag them along at any price- in terms of petrol consumption. If the engine is efficient it is safe to say that the rest of the car will, as a whole, be equally efficient as regards wearing qualities, and the above figures seem to amply bear out this deduction. In order co make these notes a more complete record of the petrol consumption of the various well-known light cars on the market I am giving below the petrol consumption figures obtained in the Cyclecar Club's general efficiency trial held last March by cars which were not entered or represented in the Midland Club's trial. Unfortunately the exact weights of the cars are not available, so the ton-miles figures, which afford such an excellent method of making a comparison, will have to be omitted. The general efficiency trial was held on a fine day over dry roads, over an 80-mile course very similar to that used in the Midland trial. There was, however, a speed test on Brooklands, which would account for the slightly higher petrol con- sumption. Eleven h.p. Lagonda 40 miles per gallon, 8 h. p. Perry 43.5 miles to the gallon, Singer (average of three cars) 36 m.p.g., 10 h.p. G.N. 39 m.p.g., 6 h.p. Baby Peugeot 30.3 m.p.g., 4-1 h.p. Carden Monocar 52.3 miles to the gallon. Petrol consumption is usually an im- portant consideration to the light car owner, and any owner who drives a car similar to any of the above which has a petrol con- sumption more than say 10 per cent. below the figures given above for that particular car, may take it that there is either some- thing wrong with his engine, carburetter or transmission, or else be himself is a very bad driver and steps should be taken to increase mileage obtained per gallon of spirit.
66 iWiM I -the ideal SOLO mount I fl This mount has firmly Mt'Mithed 'J its claim u the idtal SOLO mount- MB! H it is the PIONEER machine of its olass. ■■ M axpreasly built for Solo work. -It embodies a st h.p. Twin Enfins BOO IB e-o., Patent Countershaft Three-Speed Gear, Kick-Starter,All-encased Weather- H proof Chain Drive, Cats Change with H Handlebar Control Clutah, Spring Drive IH| (Shook Absorber) on Rear Wheel-lea- ^Hj H tares only to be found in the "JAMES." H Priee complete 60 guineas. H -This mount has proved remarkably H H snoeesaful in all Reliability Trials, eta. H H Write for "The JAMES Manual" NOW. ■ ■ n. JAMES Cycle Co., Ld. I ■ BIRMINGHAM; & LONDON. ■ ?? For pedal-cycling there h no mount to H H MfpaM The J?jazs — Mk for'The J?MM ■ Bicycle Book. Local Agent—H. C. CECIL Swan Cycle Works, Homend-street, Ledbury. -?:DISEASE d.Je, .F g Does nots i lipeh-? THE "SAH»TAS"C? Ltd LONDON.C.
I BOSBURY. SCOUT DISPLAY.—The Bosbury Boy Scouts' Association announce that there will be a grand scout display at the Cricket Meadow, Bosbury (by kind permission of Mr E B Thompson), on Bank Holiday Monday, August 3rd next, commencing at 2.30 p.m. The display will be given by the 1st City of Westminster Troop, one of the smartest troops of scouts in the country, and the 1st Bosbury Troop. The programme will include bridge building, the making of a Scout, waggon drill and broken bridge, obstacle race, tub-tilting, physical drill, wrestling, rescue from house on fire and ambulance work, rescue from wreck and rocket work, wireless telegraphy and signalling, musical march, cock fighting, inspection of troops by the County Commissioner (Major- General Sir Elliott Wood, K.C.B.), tattoo and sports. Tickets are now on sale, and can be obtained from Scoutmaster C A F Stewart at the Parish Hall, Bosbury. To conclude the day's proceedings a concert and entertainment is being organised and will be held in the Parish Hall, commencing at 8 p.m. Amongst the attractions will be :-Living Lilliputian Marionettes, by Mr G Stewart Chappie (of London), with his songs, anecdotes and dances (on a complete miniature stage), including items from Harry Lauder's, George Robey's, the late Harry Fragson's and Dan Leno's repertoires; Mr Percy Hume in Picture Building, a novel entertainment, pictures being built during the recital of a story dances by Miss Pippin Shew songs by Mr H Lane, Mr H Jupe, Mr C A F Stewart, and Mr Thomas chapeaugraphy and conjuring, by Mr H Murless; and Miss Taylor, A.R.C.M., at the piano. Tickets may be obtained from Scoutmaster C A F Stewart, 1st Bosbury Troop, Parish Hall, Bosbury.
A CINEMA CITY.-America, the home of the moving picture industry, possesses a city that is always on the move. It is known as Universal City, and is situated in far-away California. It is one of the most remarkable cities of modern times. It has streets and houses and institutions, a mayor and corporation, and the usual civic equipment, but it is razed and reconstructed, may be, a hundred times in a year, assuming a different form at each removal. It is 11 ancient and modern" at one and the same time (says the" Millgate Monthly"). Elizabethan houses face a Norman stronghold, the wigwams of a trible of marauding Indians stand in front of a typically English country home, and a Roman forum vies with a frowning commercial factory. Universal City covers an area of over 600 acres, houses a community of over 1,000, all of whom, from the oldest to the youngest, find their livelihood depend on this moving picture produc- tion. A single house, or a series of houses, may be erected for pictures one day and be dismantled the next, so that a small army of builders and carpenters are always sedulously engaged; while for the various costumes and uniforms a contin- gent of eighty seamstresses are kept busily employed, despite the fact that the general wardrobe of the city contains over 9,000 varied types of wearing apparel.
No printer in Ledbury does Lithography, but we can get any kind of Lithography executed for you if you will send to oar office for your requirements, and perhaps at a cheaper rate than you can if you send your order away.
FETE AND SPORTS DAY AT I TARRINGTON. Anniversary of the "St. Edith" Lodge of the Manchester Unity,. The fete day organised by the St. Edith Lodge of Oddfellows, M.U., at Tarrington, was held on Saturday last in fine but some- what chilly weather for the time of year, due to a rather strong westerly wind blowing all day. But notwithstanding this the sports were got off well. The anniversary dinner was held in the large room of the Foley Arms, which was packed to overflowing. Mr H K Foster was in the chair and was supported by Mr W Griffiths (vice-chairman), Rev C L Money-Kyrle, Rev A B Spittal, Rev A E Green-Price, Capt. P A Clive, M.P., and also present were :—P.P.G.M. J H Portlock (Hereford), P.P.G.M. E Smith, P.G. R H Lewis, P.G. W Deem, P.G., F Hughes, N.G. G Mellins, V.G. T Jauncey, E G Toyne (secretary), J Toyne (hon. assistant secretary), Bros. A Campbell, E Porter, H G Jenkins, C Hodges, Wm. Caffelle, J Griffiths, G Turner, W McArthur, T Bannister, F Bunn, H S Stewart, P Oakley, W Baldwin, J Powell, E Morgan, G Badham, A J Bengrv, T Blackwell, P W Hughes, G W Griffiths, S, Da vies, W Brookes, A Brookes, F Davies, W Alford, G A Brookes, J H. Swaithes, C Hilly W Preece, G Green, John CaSelle, G Haines, Thos. Pitt, G James, F Meson, J Rock, W B Brooks, W Woods, A G Willis, T Rogers (Ledbury), J Hurdman, T Vernall, T Preece, W Richardson, T Pullin, E Griffiths, G Tombs, G Lewis, J Edwards, S, Marklove, E Jones, B Morgan, C Veale. THE TOAST LIST. I The Chairman submitted the loyal toast, and remarked upon the anxious time the King was going through and hoped he might have strength to fulfill his duties. (Hear, hear.) Capt Clive proposed the toast of the, Bishop and Clergy of the Diocese and Ministers of all denominations," which was received with applause. He said that a clergyman was the Grand Master of their order. That was a notable event. A notable event that day was that they had no less than three of the clergy with them. (Hear, hear.) He coupled with the toast the name of the Rev. A. B. Spittal. (Applause.) The Rev. A. B. Spittal, in responding. said it gave him great pleasure to respond to the toast. He felt it was an honour to respond himself, for he was but a boy in the order, it being only twelve months since he had joined. A union had existed between the Church and State for hundreds of years and it must be cemented by every possible means. The Church and State should go hand in hand. He thanked Capt Clive for the way he had proposed the toast and reminded them that the Grand Master was a Clergyman. (Applause.) Bro J Toyne, in proposing the toast of the Army and Navy and Reserve Forcee," said he was very pleased indeed to be asked to propose the toast. He hoped there would be continued'prosperity to both arms of their service. Some people had spoken about the excessive cost of the upkeep of the Navy, but that, of course, cannot be helped, as they had to keep the largest Navy of the world going. Their Army also must be strong to take their share. One father at Tarrington had two sons in the Army and two in the Navy, and one or two more that were going to join. (Hear, bear.) He coupled with the toast the name of Capt Clive. (Loud applause.) Capt Clive, in response, said he had the honour of responding to that toast before on similar occasions, and he did so again with great pleasure. It was interesting to hear of one family in the parish having a record like the one that had been mentioned. There was a feeling among people called militarism. To prevent war was to be ready for war was an old maxim. There were two armed forces at that moment that were not coupled with the toast-the Ulster Volunteers and the Nationalist Volunteers. He hoped that trouble over in Ireland would soon be over and that all those men training would not be lost to the country-(bear, hear)--that all those men armed against e ich other now may one day be found ready < < stand side by side and shoulder to shoulder a6 soldiers of the King. (Applause.) He thanked them for coupling his name with the toast and joined them in wishing long prosperity to their national forces. (Applause.) "THE MANCHESTER UNITY. Rev C L Money-Kyrle submitted the toast I of the Manchester Unity of Oddfellows and its Officers. It was a very sincere pleasure to him to be present at that gathering and to have a toast of that kind entrusted to him. He had not been an Oddfellow as long as he wished he had, and he could not think what he had been doing in the past years. The first thing a child-or rather its parent- should do was to make it a member of that order. Since he bad been a member he had felt very prou i of being one of them. (Hear, hear.) It was a grand thing to have a record like Bro. Portlock. He thought they ought to have his portrait painted to adorn one of the lodge rooms of their district. The Manchester Unity also had a wonderful record it bad been running for over a hundred years and it rested upon a very firm foundation. When the Insurance Act was brought forward they wondered how it would effect their Society. But it did not affect them in the least and they were still running and he hoped they would keep on running for many years to come. (Applause.) He thought also with pride of the vast number of members who belonged totheirunity. There were members in all parts of the world, in all their colonies and dominions, and when- ever a man wanted to start in one of their colonies scores of hands were at once stretched out to him. Another point was that the Manchester Unity bad such a large capital behind them. They bad something like twelve to fourteen milions of money. Their society was not like those insurance societies where a man went on paying for years and when he wanted to draw some of it out he found that there was none to draw out. But it was different in their society, what they agreed to do at the beginning they would do. This vast amount of capital was built up by the pence of the working men of the country. In conclusion he fervently said God bless the Manchester Unity, long life and prosperity to it." He bad great pleasure in coupling with it the name of P.P.G.M. Portlock. (Loud applause.) P.P.G.M. Portlock said he was very proud to have listened to such an eloquent speech by their Brother. It bad been his privilege that year to have gone to that great conference at Aberystwyth. He could assure them that any one attending that conference could not but be proud of the Board of Directors, who led that great order. With their Grand Master (Bro. Davies) and the eleven other members he had listened to at their head, they need have no fear when they had such men at the helm of their great Order. (Ap- plause.) It was always a fortunate thing with the Manchester Unity for over a cen- tury and five years of their work that they bad always had capable men to lead them. They had over 15 millions of money behind them and the membersof the Manchester Unity ought to be proud. (Applause.) He bad put in 42' years of Odd fellowship, and if he had his time over again he would do just double the amount of work for the Unitv. He wanted more members to join and help their brothers to carry on the work of the lodge. They bad overcome all obstacles and they had surmounted great difficulties, and they could surmount the obstacles of the Insurance Act and bring it to the top of the tree. Their society was the largest society in the world, and the Board of Directors were determined, if they would help, them, to retain that proud position which they now held. (Applause.) THE HEREFORD DISTRICT. I P.P:GiM. Pbrtlock proposed the toast of the Hereford District, the Grand Master, Deputy Grand-Master, and its oiffcers. He said, they ought to be proud of their Grand Miaster. He had done a great deal of work during the illness of Prov. C.S. E H Hopkins. Bro Bishop was a very noble officer and was ably filling the place so well filled by men before him. The Depoty Grand Master, Bro Juckes, was a very worthy man and a coming: Oddfellow, and the Grand Master was very proud to have him as his deputy. He had much pleasure in proposing the toast. (Applause.) The toast was accorded the honours of the Order. Bro Bishop said he begged to return his heartfelt thanks to P.P.G.M. Portlock. He was sure they had overstepped the mark (cries of No, no.) In their Deputy Grand Master, the Hereford District had a very capable- officer. He remarked upon the serious loss of the District through the death of two ol their officers-Bros J S Norton and T S- Stanley-both these officers were very energeOie. Then there was the serious illness of Bro C S Hopkins. They could not pass over the day without returning thanks to the Almighty for restoring him to health. The Hereford District had 19 lodges, 16 male lodges- and 3 female lodges, and there were 3:,912" members, and 2,750 independent members. During 1912 they had something like 630 members joined. He was sorry that there bad been a falling off in their members during the past twelve months. He then alluded to the industrial section of the Society. In conclusion he would like to say that they still held that proud position of being sympathetic, loyal and true. ST. EDITH LODGE. j Ibe Ubairman then submitted the toast of the Loyal St. Edith Lodge and its Officers." He took that opportunity of thanking them for the honour they had bestowed upon him in asking him to be present that day. It was the first time he had attended a gather- ing of that kind, and it gave him great pleasure to hear Bro Portlcck's speech. They represented the best of everything in the English race. The lodge there was succeed- ing in spite of the tremendous difficulties. Now he had attended their meeting, and if he continued long in the neighbourhood, he would help to support it. (Applause.) He coupled with the toast the name of their very efficient secretary, Bro Toyne. Bru Toyne, in response, said it was a great pleasure to be secretary of the lodge. They bad during 1913 paid £ 450 in sick pay. They wanted to get some new blood into their society. The young members need not be afraid of getting their benefits. One member who had been paying in only 2s. Id. a month had drawn over .£400 in his lifetime. The juvenile branch had a balance of £ 64 in band. They could always find their way to pay the doctor's bills. He thanked them very much for receiving the toast as they did; (Applause.) OTHER TOASTS. The toast of The Visitors was proposed by the Vice-Chairman, who coupled with, it, the name of Rev Money-Kyrle. (Applause.) The Rev C L Money-Kyrle, in response, said since last year he had become a member of that lodge. He was sure that Mr Foster had carried out the duties of chairman very admirably. If he was staying in the neigh- bourhood they would get him to join, as a member. He proposed the health of the Chairman. (Applause.) The toast was accorded musical honours. The Chairman said it gave him great pleasure in coming there that day. He thought the best thing a man could do was to join their society. He again- thanked them for asking him to take the chair. (Applause). Bro. Toyne proposed The Vica-Chair- man," which was responded to by Bro. Griffiths. The Chairman proposed a hearty vote of thanks to the Host and Hostess, which was heartily accorded, and the gathering then dispersed. THE SPORTS. The company then proceeded towards the sports, which were held in a meadow adjoining the Foley Arms, where Peters' supplied All the fun of the fair." Appended is a list of the events and the winners:— 220 yards handicap—1 J H Watts, 2 G Cocks, 3 0 Jones. 120 yards, boys 10 years and under.-1 W Gale, 2 0 Caffelle, 3 A Hounslow. Blindfolded wheelbarrow race. — IS Preece, 2 A Jones, 3 G Alford. 220 yards, within three miles radiuB.—1 S Hollings, 2 F Chilman, 3 T Blythe. 80 yards, girls 10 years and over.—1 C Wright, 2 E Hemming, 3 P Atkinson. 440 yards open handicap.—1 F Harris, 2 J H Watts, 3 A F Goodwin. 80 yards, boys under 10 years.—1 P Hounslow, 2 F Griffiths, 3 W East. Half-mile scratch.—1 F Harris, 2 A F Goodwin, 3 S E Cole. 50 yards, girls under 10.—1 B Apperley, 2 B Atkinson, 3 H Atkinson. Tug-of-war.—Married v. Single.—Single won. Inter-parish tug-of-war between teams of Ashperton, Withington and Tarrington.— Withington won. Shooting competition.—1, lOa, C Hart- land (killed all birds); 2, 53, W J Chilman (4 kiJh); 3, 4, E Griffiths (3 kills).
MUCH MARCLE. FLOWER SHOW AND S.PORTS.-The annual flower show and sports will be held at the Recreation Ground, on Thursday, August 20. and the sports will again include a number of horse events, including two jumping competitions, a hunter claps, two pony classes, the usual gym- khana on horseback, and a class for decorated donkey and cart. Full particulars of these events can be obtained from the hon. secretaries, Mr Frank Taylor Moor Court, Much Marcle, Glos, and Mr W M Price, Welsh Court, Yatton. »,,
HEREFORD DISPENSARY.—The Dean of Hereford presided, on Monday, at the annual meeting of the Hereford Dispensary, and among others present were Alderman E G Gurney, the Rev C A Trehene, Mr R M Harding, and Mr T Hutchinson. The report stated that the patients relieved on application, independent of those who brought letters of recommendation from subscribers, numbered 1,263, compared with 2,956 last year. A useful work was being done by the provident branch. The weekly pence from the members amounted to £ 261.
MR CLAUDE, CRAHAME-WHITE ON I FRYING THE ATLANTIC. Among.the articlesin the-August" Windsor Magazine "'isoue ot- immediate interest to all who- are interested in aviation. in an authoritative statement,, full of valuable sug- gestiono, as to the possibility of ikying the Atlantic, by the distinguished aviator, Claude Grahame- White" in the course of which Mr Gfiabame-White say.& liaschemes most widely discussed, and those which promise an attempt-perhaps this, aummer-te, wiaa the cross-Atlantic prizei. the type of craft favoured may be described approximately thus: a machine with one thousand square feet of lifting surface or slightly more, driven by a motor, say",two. hundFed hcarse-power* and lifting into the air two pilots and flying with them for- approximately thirty hours without descending, at a speed of sixty miles an hour. This is areasonable proposition in building bat there ia a factor that must not be ignored. Ia stating tke machine's capacity at thirty hours, it is assumed that its single motor will survive without breakdown what must obviously be a severe ordeaL The aeroplane • engine of to-day, in those details born of experience which make for daily service, is a wonderful piece of mechanism it will run for many hours despite the intricacy of its parts;; it will stand up to bard and constant wear it has established the record already, of carrying a man across country without alighting for more than one thousand miles.. But never, so far, has a motor borne a machine through the air, without halt or respite, for thirty continuous hours. Is there any reason why it should not? No. Beach tests may be adduced to. show that a non-stop, run such as this, or one longer, is within the power of a modern-type engine. But a trial on the bench is not a flight through too air, and a pilot must not deceive himself. The motor is the heact of his machine, the, keynote of the problem; and he is asking it, if he uses only one ia an Atlantic nig?t, to do something no motor has done bafore. Of course such quest i ons are asked the pioneer is always asking them. And here,, as a mat- ter of fact, the aistaan has what seems a. fair sporting chance," But it is a chance,, none the less, and the- first and perhaps the most important. Quite the best of good company for sum- mer days of travel or leisure hours, by countryside or sea, is provided in. the brilliant- lv-varied August number of the U Windsor Magazine," which contains the new romantic story from diplomatic life by Justus Miles Forman, complete in the one issue, and short stories by tred M White, Halliwell Sutcliffe, Dornford Yates, and other clever authors. A further instalment of Sir H Rider Hag- gard's fascinating romance of African ad ven- ture, The Holy Flower* carries the story of Allan Quartermain's strange quest for the marvellous orchid and its white priestess, to a stage of intense interest. Various seasonable interests are repre- sented in the articles, prominent among them being one which no one who follows cricket should miss. It is written by that well- known player and far-seeing chronicler of the game, E H D Sewell, and is illustrated with many notable portraits of leading players. The fine-urt feature of the number is a sixth grou:\ of reprod actions from the Na- tion's treasures purchased under the terms of the Chantrey Bequest. Many other elements of variety and up-to- date attractiveness go to the formation of this notable summer number, which is lavishly illustrated throughout by some of the most distinguished of contemporary artists.
LABOUR'S DEMAND. HerefordaJUro Farm-workera' Dispute*. SetttMMnt Exacted. It is raw, probable that the, trouble inti connection, with the agricultural labourers, in Herefordshire who hvt8 been threatening a strike in order to secure, better conditions- and higher wages, will blow over. It ia. stated that if there is a strike,, it will be. connned-fto a few parishes, and the number of man coming out willlbe very small. The. Workers'. Union, having dropped their- demaral .for recognition" have helped con- siderably to smooth the way. Farmers hareo, been ready to meet ttiair men, and they are. now redeeming their promises If recognition, had bean insisted u3çm. there is no doubt the struggle would,, have been prolonged for the farmers had. made up their minda., not to deal with thoir men through trade, union, officials, arguing, that they were always in personal contact with their workers and to hpne, to deal with oaiaida oSeials was out ob the. qpaotion. Of-the 1,500 Entices, said to have been sent out by the Workers' Union, the majority have been, stbhxnitted, arA will expire on Friday,, but unless something; unforeseen occars the- harvest will bo gathered as usual. The men's officials explain that these notices have been, submitted pending a settlement, and say that w here the- farmers offer an increase which will satisfy the men there will be The programme first submitted by the Workers' Union has been abandoned. Farmers on all. hands have described it aa ridiculous, and) a prominent Liberal farmer in Sout Herefordshire, and a member of theh Coupty Couacil,, has said no farmer outside a lunatic asylum would think, of adopting it. In the Sellack district, in the neighbour- hood of Ross,, where the stride fever origin- ated and was the strongest,, everything ia now said to be peaceful the men being satisfied with the advances which thet farmers have made them. In other quarters increases of from 2s. ta 3.3. a week bave, been granted, an d the: men are 8atisfied If the farmers and their naen are left alone* it is stated, there is &o- reason why an amicable settlement should not be arrived at.
PtusoN FOR CRUSTY.—At Hereford 00 Monday, John Griffiths, aged 48, plasterer's labourer, who lived at 10, • West-street, waa sent to gaol for two months for cruelty to. his three children. It was stated that tha prisoner came to Hereford with his family last year, and he had been in the city about a month when the attention of the Inspector of the N.S.P.C.C. was wdled to him. Defendant and his wife and four children oocupied one room in Gaol-street". The woman was in a filthy con- dition, and the children ill-clad and dirty. Ha was warned to get a better place for his family. Afterwards they went to live in West-street. Here the family lived and slept in a basement kitchen which was 12 feet square, and their only source of ventilation and light was through an iron grating, looking on to the street. Prisoner, it was stated, earned 22s. or 23s. a week.
f LIFE IN NORTH QUEENSLAND. I Old Ledbuiy Boy's Impreoeions. [By Geo. T. Smitb, of Charters, Towers, N órtb "Qø.eensland'.]: (Continued from July 251 One morning on glancing throwgh our daily paper here I ivas surprised: to read in the Cablegrams "School teachers' strike in Herefordshire." There was a still greater shock in store fofr me a few days later. In a paper (the- Northern Mimer "),, there was a more detailed' account of the strike, where it memtioaed Girls at Ledbury take possession of school. A pandemonium reigns." fiittl did the children or the people of Ledbury, at that time, think that the news of the strike would have been flashed to almost every corner of the globe, and it is surprising to thiak that Ledburians liting 15¡000 milea away woold, be able to read in their daily paper, eTents which only! happened the day before at their old native town clt Ledbury. Yiet such is the case, and it even mentioned-the names of the ringleaders of the strike, and- the ctergy who intervened. About six weeks afterwards I received a Repottel-containing.- the news of the occurence in detail, and when B received my mail I was just about to start oma fishing expedition, so I took, the Rtpprttn with me and read it that night by the light of the camp fire. Since commencing this letter things on the Goid Field have been taking rapid Fft ides downhill. Several more mines have i»"iQ forced to auspel-d, operations owing tu the companies' inability to, get the calls in. The firm by whom ,Dam, employed are shortening hands, so Ii suppose. I shall Tie looking round for a new place to obtain work soon. I have been thinking that up in the Northern Tafrritory, the plaos of magnifi- eent distances-and unchartered lands,, woiald be &n ideal plaee for pioneering. Land ought to be bought for a mere song now,, whereas in a few years time it willi be valu- able. Th'e TrMs-continental Railway which has just been oommenced will run due North from Adelaide through this vast stretch of country. So 2ar as I have been able to ascer- tain the miniag iadustrys is going ahead on sound developmental lines, but, there are difficulties in the way of rapid progress. To name some of them, bad roads and lack of inter-communication" is the first,, but the failures of the past have frightened the investors so that capital is hard to- obtain. The advent of the new railway will do much to develope the mines. It will enable the speedy acquisition of miaers from the dis- tricts of Queensland and other States to open up the enormous tracts of mineral country in the Macdonnel Ranges, and between Barrows-Creek, Torreae. Creek, aad Tanami. The new tin neldat.a place called Maranboy is going ahead. Copper lodes are opening up well, and there is an increasing production of silver-lead. People are using strong terms against the pig rooting methods of mining adopted by the Chinese. They say that if strong companies systematically: worked some of the mines they wouid become profitable, and pay- white men good wages. To-day they only keep a horde oft" Chinese miners in a condition of abject poverty. Don't believe the romou rs of digeoveries of Oil, Coal and Oil Shale in the Northern Territory, as I have never heard of any true fields being dis- covered yet. Ii don't think I have much imore news to write at present,, as I shall be j'fatrly busy during-the next few weeks prior fto my departure*. As I have no definite idea Jas to where my next move will be I would thank any of my friends with whom I corres- pond to address all communications to me, care of my parents at Kelvin Grove," Hyde Park, Townsville, North Queensland, until further notice. I am very pleased to note from time to time in your paper, the progress of affairs in Ledbury and district, which shows that your worthy Councillors are keeping fairly up-to-date. I see that yju have at last got the Electric Light installed in the town, and I notice that some of your energetic Cbuncillors are rapidly pushing forward the Swimming Baths and Recreation Ground schemes, so I suppose if I could have a look at the old place in a few years time I should' see marked improvements. We have the Electric Light in Charters Towers, which costs 1/3 per unit while Gas costs 12/6 per thousand cubic feet for lighting purposes, and lW per thousand cubic feet for power. Coal is very expensive, costing from 35/- to 40/- ppr ton, but very little of it is used for domestic purposes, wood being used as fuel. We also have a public park which is used as a recreation ground. There is a nice Band Stand where a local band plays selections on a Sunday evening, a photo of it is enclosed herewith. There is a Kiosk where afternoon tea may be obtained at town prices, a minia- ture lake, and an aviary. In the city we now have five motor cars running for hire, but the life of a car here is very short owing*; to the very rough roads. To give you an idea of the rough usage they get I will telfl you what happened a few weeks ago. The Ambulance Brigade here received a telephone message about seven o'clock one evening from an out-station, thirty-five mile9 distant, to the effect that a man had just been brought in there dying from an accident caused at the Tin Mines some fifty miles further out,. and from whence be had been conveyed by a buggy and pair. To save time in getting the unfortunate fellow into the Charters Towers Hospital, the Brigade obtained the services of a big 45 H.P. Cadilac Car and left immediately. Although the car was epuippad with powerful electric lamps, progress was slow, and it was not until about 10 o'clock the following morning that they returned with the injured man. It appears that the punctures were so numerous that they had to take out the tubes and pack the outer covers bard with grass in order to reach home. I shall always be pleased to hear from any old friends who care to write, or to answer any questions in my power as regards prosp-ctfi here. Wishing the Reporter every success. With kind regards, Yours faithfullv. I GEO. T. SMITH.
I Ledbury Produce Market. There was a very good attendance, and a large supply of produce on offer. Batter was in fair supply. Prices :— Butter (wholesale), Is Id „ (retail) Is 2d per lb Eggs (wholesale), 11 and 12 for Is. (retail), 10 for Is Fowls, 4s to 4-s 6d per couple Ducks, 5s per couple Rabbits, 6d each. Potatoes, Id per lb.
I Ledbury Corn Market. The markets are very firm. No English wheat on offer. Quotations :— Wheat 4s to 48 7d. Beans, 4s to 4s 3d Peas, none offering. Vetches, none offering. Rye, none offering. Oats, 22s to 28s per qr. Flour, firm. Maize, 26s to 28s per qr. f.o.r. Sharpness. Maize, 28s to 30s delivered. English Barley, 288 to 32s. Foreign Barlev, 22s to 25a 400 f.o.r. Sharpness. Bran, £5 to £ 5 10s per ton.
LEDBURY POSTAL GUIDE. Postmaster-Mr. J. BELL. Counter Attendance*:—8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Week-days; 8.30 a.m. to 10 a.m. Sundays. Money Ore era, Savings Bank, Inland Revenue Licenses, Ac., Government Life Insurance and Ajmuit3f and i elegrap a and Bxpreas Delivery Basiaesa-, 8 a, ra. to 8 p.m. Week-days. Sale of Stamps, Registration of, Letters, Issue and Payment of Postal Orders, and, Delivery of Callers* Corresponden ce, 8 æ.;m.,¡to 8 p.m. Wbek-dayiw. Sundav & ile of Stamps, Registration of Letters-, Delivery to Callers, and TelearaAoh Business, 8.30 a.a* I to 10 a.m. Telegrams can be forwarded on Payment of extra fees after close of office up to 9 p.m. on Week-daya and between t he hoicrs of 5 p.m. and 6 p m* on Sundays, notice being given. Bank B olidaya the public counter is closed at noon for all business exoepti-pgi. Telegraph hnninnnn. Telegraph Mol ley Order-business, Express Delivery business, the Reception of Parcels, the Sale of Po&kfto*- &s, and tile Registration of Letters.- Coantry Letter Carriers go out as on other Week-da'va. and return earlier. Telephone ( 'all OGee* 8 a.m. to 8 p.m., week-days. 8-30 a.m. to 10-30 a»m. Scndays. • The Letter 1 iox remains open at all hours-forthe posting of Letters. LETTERS. PARCELS Latest time of DESP&MHBS—WEEK DAYS L, at, est U,nm a*- Pbstin?. s.v Posttngx 7.30 am. Birmingham (delivery noon), London and Midlands, and North No geaerally (London delivery, 4.15 p.m.), Worcester, Makere,. Parcels. 'Aloitcester and 9.45 a.m. Gloucester (delivery I pm.), London, South and West of Eatdand 9.40 a ra. (London delivery 11 a.m. | mrmiagham (delivery 4 p.m.), London (delivery 7.15 p.m.), Mid- 10 50 a.m., lands and Nortk of Eaglandi I P.M. Birmingham (delivery 4?p^m.), Malvern (delivery 4 p.m.), Midlands 12.55 p » and North, Gloucester (delivery 4 p.m.), South and V7'est of England and Lendon (Lond&o delivery 9.15 p.m.), Hereford, ated Worcester Dm ted States and Canada (Saturdays only). 4 p.m Gloucester (delivery 8-pun ) and all parts 3.55, P.M. 6.45 pm. Ristai ngham, Mid landsMfelver n and Worcester. 6.40-,pan, (None of the, foregoing Mails are despatched on SuBday or Bank Holiday). 7 p.m. Ireland, Scotland, and North of England generally.M 7 p.au<i 8.5 p.m. Lcndon, Birmingham,, Gloucester, Hereford, Malvern, Stafford, 8 p. Worcester, Midimids;, and, North of England, and West of Sngland. (General night mail). I.ottm can be registered ;up to half-an-hour before the despatch of any.Mailottithe prepayment of fees of 2d., && SUNDAYS. 6.45 p.m. BiStaingham,. Malvern, Worcester, and Midlands, and NbstiL 01 England; 7.45 p.m. Lsodon, Gloucester South and West of England No peseels-are despatched on Sunday. ^BLI¥ssies. Town. -We-ek-dwja,-Letters and Parcels are delivered, beginning at 7 5 « 884. 7 p.m. on Week-day* and Letters only at 7-30 a.m. oa SUNDAYS. PJUBAL DISTRICT.—Week Days. Latest time of (Letters and Parcels). Posting 6 a.m.-All posts; 12.10 p.m.—-Bosbury, Castle Frome, Fromes, IEII, Coddington. 12.45 p.m.-Aahperton, Canon Frome, Putley, Trumpet, Lower-^rgieww.. Little Marder2teettefl Grandiaon. 3 p.m.-Ross.lte&d, Leddington, Greenway, Donnington, Haffield, Lftomsgreon, Parkway .Berrow B&ostoesberroww 4.45 p, m. -Eastiaor, Holly B;a*, Wellington. Hsath. SUNDAYS.:—(Letters cely). 6 a.m.-Br, Parkway,. Donaingto** Eastaosr, Bosbury, aomk plasell, on Maia Etoad from Ledbury to Canon Frome. Homend Street T^wn Sub,O&be. -Open from. & a.m. to 8 p.m. Sale af Stamps,Puoel Post* Money Order, Postal Order, Savings Bank, Annuity and Government Stook; Licenses, &c»,, business. Newtown TowmSab-Offiee.—Open from 8 a.m. to 11-30 a.m., and 3-1.5¡1,p.m. to, 7-45 p. m-, for sale of Stamps and sale, and payment of Postal Orders, Registration of LetterS) andl Parcel Post business. Express Delivery.—Letters and Parcels up to a weight of 51bs. are accepted for delivery .immediately at a charge of 3d«. a mile, at the Htod Office and at Telegraph Delivery Sab-Gffioes between -the hours of 8 a.m. and 8 piqa.on Week-d&yo. Town Collection^ from. .0.80811 and, Wall Boxes on Weekrdagft for relative Despatches mA., Deliveries from Head Office,. a. m. a.m. a.m. P-ri6 F-M, p.m. p.m. Dm. Homend StreeiTown Sub-Office. 5-45 9-30 11-40.- — 3s-4& 4-25 ,„ 9-45 7.50 Homend Terrase- Wall Box> — 5-40 9-25 11-25 3^35 4-20- 6-40 7-45. High Street Wsdi Box 5-50. 9-35 1150 12-5& .„ 4-3Q. t„ 6-45 7-55, Newtown Town. Sub Ofif.ee.„ 9-5 11-30 3-15.- — 6.30 y-45 Southend .1 — 9>-40 11-55 12rW 3-50 4^3S& 6*50 7-4 £ » 8-50 11-15 — 3-0 <315 7-40- NO GGLLECTIONS ON S 2ND ATS.
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