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SPORTS AND PASTIMES. I -I

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_[REVIEW OF THE CORN TRADE.

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WO UK AND WORKERS.I

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WO UK AND WORKERS. I 'The MOITSC of Lords has delivered judgment ii-i an appeal under the Workmen s Cc-m-ponca- ..t.ion A-ct, 1006, irom the Court of Sci-sion in Scotland. A:ji:,r met v\<Lh an acoiden;. -from wLc. 1?.; v-?s l¡Ù Jo have recoveitd, but ;his enforced icLVness iucvcused bis ijatuta. tel!dtiEY io obeso y to "ne,) ¡w (-xtt?t tn«t b found it dl?uit.u/r.l:fwh.sc<u'?!'a'i?s:. Tniiter. Wh?: iie Teicovei'-cd from tlie f. the 'em'n.ove? .c€?spd ? pay corepc-• ration. bNt :he" e I .M?) that l?y were suM i;h:c tc .hs.n'è)1r \,t7;h:eid¡;;lt. j:rft fhe aceident. H? ?ad ?cccme too fat to do manual labour. The arbitrator under tlve Act had found th.at tlie 'incapacity from work nnd •c-eased, and he ended the .eom-iev.sation. The ;Conet. of Session, however, decided otherwise. Their Lordshins now held thnt tlie :arbitra- itor's :av;ard iou:jh± to be Testored. ,,or f- I ,,e 'The "Lai?ea<&"pe and Clie^liire Board Tor the regulation of -m;POTS' wages, at a meeting in Manchester, heard an application from the uren "for an advance o<f the minimum wage for coal getters from 7s. to 7s. '6d. a day, the claim being based largely upon the fact that the -present rate is as low as. if not lower than any in the English federated area. The employers would not agree to the proposed change, and the matter will therefore go be- fore the independent (Che.irm&u, :his 'Honour Judge "Mell&r, JLCL The Caerphilly magistrates gave their de- cision <on Saturday in the summonses heard against the manager and owners of the Sen- ghenydd 'Colliery. The prosecutions, which were instituted by the Home Office, followed upon the explosion at Senghenydd Colliery Ilast October, when 439 lives were 'lost. There were seventeen -summonses against Mr. Edward Shaw, the manager and agent, and four against the Lewis Merthyr -Consolidated Collieries Company, as owners. The whole of the summonses against the company were -dismissed, while only five eottvietiotts weEfs recorded against the manager, as follows: For neglecting to appoint in writing a person to examine all safety lamps on the surface, a fine of L2, or fourteen days' imprisonment i* the second division; for neglecting to appoint a person :in writing to Mnlock fifty lamps -at the lamp station, a fine of C2, or fourteen days; for neglecting to keep a book to enter the reading on the barometer, thermometer, and ihygxomebfe-r, zC5, or fourteen days; for failing to provide means for reversing the air current, £10; and for not reporting the pre- sence of coal dus't, £ 5. The Bench ordered Mr. Shaw to ipay five guineas costs on each conviction. Messrs. Lever Bros., of Port Sunlight, have raised the wages of several grades of their employees. -Labourers were raised from 26s. to 28s. per week, while process labourers are to have a minimum of 30s. Boys', youths', and girls' wages are to be increased, and girls over twenty-one years of age and with not less than three years' service are to be raised from 14s. to 16s. per week. This wel- come intelligence, when posted outside the works, caused much jubilation on Saturday, and cheers were given by the employees for Sir William Lever when he emerged from the works. A proposal is afoot for facilitating sym- pathetic strikes between the Unions affiliated to the International Federation of Metal I Working Trade Unions, and it is oiot-eworth-, remarks' Reynold■> that this idea, often sup- posed to be entirely a Continental one, has i"becii mooted from the British side, although unofficially. This important Federation in- cludes 1,200,000 metal workers of various grades, spread over forty-eight different ecoun- tries. When it was formed, some years ago, I tli-e .German metal workers were earning con- siderably lower rates than obtained in most other countries, and its principal work has been to supply information which has led to this evilpeinglargdy rectified, and to a gene- ral levelling of rates and conditions all round..Information as to the rates and other conditions, and Also as to strikes and move- ments for im proving conditions are syste- matically collected and redistributed to all affiliated .bodies, a&d now some machinery is desired whereby the levelling up process can be accomplished more thoroughly and syste- matically. Over 250.000 British workers are included in jlhe Federation. At 8, meeting convened by the National Federation of Women Workers in Southwark Park on Saturday a speaker said they had had enough of .being fin-ad 4d. for letting a person go out of a shop without buying any- thing, 2d. for laughing at the dinner-table, and 3d..for being late in the morning. A resolution was carried calling on the Govern- ment to fulfil its promise and introduce a Truck Bill, and further demanding the aboli- tion of fines, deductions, a-nd? the living-in system. Miss Mary MacArthur quoted cases showing the fines and deductions to which women workers were liable. For being five minutes late a collar ironer, whose proper wages were 5d. a dozen, was paid 4d. a dozen, her fine totalling 3s. 6d. Her wages were fomething like 3d. an hour, whilst the fine worked out at £5 an hour. In another case a woman after doing eighty-three gross of pina was entitled to Is, 91d. After deduc- tions she received 31-d. Troubles over the eye test for North' Eastern railwaymen has led to further action, which thr-eateni to b-ring about a crisis on this vexed question. On behalf of the North JBasterD. F«d«rfiitjoB Nstiws] T njon J&JIAIW&jixivrn, J. c. Aller;, tile secretary, 'has sent out a circular convening a Confer- -ence of delegates at Darlington on August :23rd. Several improvements, he said, had accrued from negotiations by the Committee i46f the Conciliation Conference, but these re- fornus could not be regarded as sufficient. At the forthcoming Conference, he announced the delegates would be asked to formulate, a test, and make a simultaneous stand to have Tthsttest only. Seven hundred men employed at the Helsby Works, Chester, of the British Insulated and Helsby Cables, Limited, ha-ve come out oil strike for the redress of alleged grievances, rand upon this the firm hav-e locked ottt SfHl hands who remained at work. On account of slackness there have been suspensions, and the men allege victimisation of unionists. This the officials deny, and declare 'that there are no grounds for a strike. The Bishop of Chelmsford (Dr. Watts- T)itdhfield) presided at a conference held at Haverhill between farmers and agricultural labourers with a view to settling the farm strike in North Essex. A dozen farmers attended, and the men were represented by a labourer from each of the six parishes affected. After two hours' preliminary con- sultation the conference ended in failure, the 'farmers declining to di?eucs matters with some of the men's -representatives on the ground that they were the local village secre- ttaries of tbe Labourers' Union. Members of the 'Federation df "Master 'Cotton Spinners' Associations who spin American cotton have held a meeting in Manchester on the siibieet of running the mills short time. A resobuion was passed, almost unanimously, strongly approving the recommendation of the General Committee of the Federation that s-pinners Of American -cotton should stop their mil's for 16tj hours. exclusive of holidays, between July ?th and the end -of September. C-'r.-clarfc, with b ,?l l ot- p apers. 'ballot-papers, have been issued to ascer- tain if firms owning the i&ecesssnrv nercentage .of spindles (80 per cent.) are willing to cur- tail theirprodoucfion in accordance with the recommendation. The bnUot-papers arex re- turnable by July 29th, n nil the rcsuit is to be announced at the meeting :<!f the General Committee on Jufy 31st. Shortly "before -the Royal 'Mail Steam Packet Company's steamer Andes was due to sail from Southampton on Friday f o>- South America, over 300 men of the st^1c~boH, deck, and victuailincr department's-—-virtually the whole crew-walked orf ,the liner, owing to the presence- on board of a nm-un'onist. A con- ference was immediately it- rq (1, and eventually the situation was simn'ified by the non-unionist deciding pot to make the trip. The crew thereupon returned, and the ship sailed at the scheduled time.

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IAGIZIC ULTURAL NOTES.

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