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I PROFITABLE POULTRY CULTURE BY RALPH R ALLEN, Lecturer to the Herts County Council; Editor of Monthly Hints on Poultry, &c. (All rights reserved.) A SUCCESSFUL BREEDING SEASON. (CONTINUED.) [Readers are particularly requested to note that this series of articles commenced with the first issue in January. In order to obtain their full value, the earlier articles should be read in conjunction with the current one.] SYSTEM OF FEEDING. Birds are fed in order to produce certain results, therefore the desired object must first of all be considered in order to decide on the course to be adopted. Young Chicks are fed in order to promote growth, both in frame and feather; this topic will be fully discussed when we arrive at the care and attention of young stock. Other birds are fed in order to sell as table- birds due consideration will be given to this later on. We have now selected our birds, provided them with comfbrtable quarters, and are desirous of obtaining eggs —fertile eggs-strongly fertilised eggs— in order to enjoy a successful breeding season. Keep this object in view. I am not going to write on how cheaply poultry can be fed in order to exist, but to attempt to show bow to feed to secure strongly fertilised eggs. The whole of these articles, however, may be compared to a chain a single link is comparatively useless, the continuity must not be broken and equal attention must be paid to the previous suggestions as well as to those that follow. To quote from one of the Board of Agri- culture and Fisheries leaflets In. order to keep birds in the best possible state of health, so that they may not contract disease themselves, and also that they may produce youug ones with no inherited tendencies towards disease, they must be fed on foods containing the correct amount of matter for the production of beat, flesh, fat, bone, muscle, and feather." This is the keynote of the situation. The evening meal is quickly decided upon. There is no better gram for egg-production than sound wheat, after which good stout oats are a close second in fact, even when you have plenty of the former, the latter can occasionally be substituted with advantage in order to stimulate the appetite. Indian corn, or as it is generally termed, maize, should only be used in the coldest weather, and then somewhat sparingly it is apt to cause internal fat, in which condition the heus won't lay. Regarding quantity, one handful per bird may be accepted as a rough guide, though on extra cold nights and during inclement weather it is as well to err on the side of liberality. Don't feed just before darkness sets in distribute the grain over as large an area as possible while there is quite an hour of daylight. This will necessitate the I birds working for their supper, and activity is the keynote to health. The breakfast ration demands more con- sideration. If you require the best in com- bination with the least trouble, and a slight —very slight-increase in cost does not matter, I cannot do better than recommend you to use Spratt's Laymor. This mixture is scientifically compounded, and is the result of many years' experience. It can be obtained in practically every village and town in the United Kingdom, in sealed bags at Is, or direct from Spratt's Patent, Ltd., in hundred- weight sacks for 1f,3. Some, however, will prefer to mix their own mash, and I can confidently recommend the following formula. Take equal quantities, by weight, of coarse biscuit-meal, bran, Sussex ground oats, and middlings (the product of wheat), and a half- quantity of granulated meat. Overnight the biscuit-meal and bran should be scalded, a stout sack being placed over it to retain the heat. In the morning mix together, in a dry state, the middlings aud granulated meat, adding Column's Poultry Mustard in the proportion of one teaspoonful for every six hens. Then thoroughly mix the whole mass until it is reduced to a crumbly consistency, adding a little warm water if too stiff, or a handful of bran if too sloppy. Of course, any household scraps should be utilised— they are an excellent egg food—but on a large plant they would only prove a drop in the ocean. During the cold weather the breakfast should be given warm, not hot, and as soon after daybreak as possible. The meal should not be a heavy one, so that the birds could eat to repletion, then stagnate aud mope like an over- fed man and cultivate liver troubles it is a light feed only, but highly nutritious. Just a sufficiency is thrown on to their feed-boards, or into their troughs, that they will pick up eagerly and then go off scratching, looking for a worm or some other tit-bit. [Any enquiries concerning poultry- keeping addressed to our expert, Ralph R Allen, Sawbridgeworth, Herts., will be answered through these columns free, but. those requiring a postal answer direct or sending birds for post-mortem examination must remit a half-crown postal order.,


Ledbury Produce Markat.

Ladbury Corn Market.