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.TERMS WHICH ARE BEING USED…

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TERMS WHICH ARE BEING USED EXPLAINED. There is naturally a large and growing de- mand for information on military matters, and especially for clear dennitiona of the terms applied to the different units in the army. In the following short glossary it will be noted terms have a different significance in the differ- ent "arms". COMPANY. Infantry.—250 oSicers and men, Mounted Infantry.-163 omcers and men. Royal Engineers.—Between 180 and 200 Army Service Corps-About 100. BATTALION. The battalion is the infantry unit, and con- sists of 1,000 men. Above this is a brigade. SQUADRON. Cavalry.—160 omcers and men, divided into four troops. REGIMENT. Cavalry.-480 omeers and men. Above the regiment is the brigade. BATTERY. Horse Artillery.—Six 13-pound guns, 208 omcers and men. Field Artillery.—Six 18-pounders and 203 omcers and men. Howitzer. -Six 5in. guns and 191 officers and men. Heavy.—Four "Long Toms" and 171 offi- cers and men. BRIGADE. Infantry.—Usually 4,000. Cavalry.—Usually 1,520 men, with a batt- ery of Horse Artillery, a troop of Engineers (Mounted Engineer "companies" are "troops") and a Field Am bulance. Artillery.—In the case of Horse Artillery, two batteries and ammunition column; in the case of Field or Field Howitzer Artillery of three batteries and ammunition column. The strength of a Horse Artillery brigade is 671 officers and men and 756 horses. The strength of a Field Artillery brigade is 793 men and 733 horses. The Horse Artillery gun is lighter than that of the Field Artillery, and nres a 131b shell. The Field gun nres an 18tlb shell. The British heavy artillery nres a 601 b. shell. Above the Brigade is a division. DIVISION. Army.-12,000 Infantry, three Field Artill- ery and one Howitzer brigades, one battery Heavy Artillery, 326 Mounted Infantry signals and engineer companies, three neld am bulance and divisional baggage and supply train. Total 15,000 combatants. Cavalry.-6,000 men, two Horse Artillery brigades, signals, and engineer companies, four neld ambulances, and baggage &c. train. Total 9,302 omcers and men, with 9,307 horses and a number of motor-cars and motor-bicycles and tricycles. Total about 7,000 combatants. CORPS. No longer used to describe a British fight- ing unit. It is used to describe bodies distri- buted all over a fighting force, i.e. Army Service Corps, Army Veterinary Corps, and Army Ordinance Corps; the last deals only with the material of war, and furnishes every- thing TRAIN. The baggage and impediments of an army which is not carried with the' First Line Transport. Usually includes water and small arms ammunition and cooks carts of travelling kitchens. COVERING THE TROOPS. Each army, whilst it is effecting Its concen- tration, during its advance, or whilst it is stationary, pushes out in front of it a screen of troops c f all arms to feel for and get in touch with the enemy, and to prevent him from get- ing in and obtaining information. The outer- most fring of this screen is composed of cavalry split up into small parties or patrols. which work their way, if possible, into the heart of the enemy's country. In 1870 German cavalry screen was often nfty miles ahead of the main armies. RECONNAISSANCE. A complete force of all arms is sometimes seut on a special mission to penetrate into the enemy's country for the purpose of obtaining s:ppcial information. Such a force would, when In touch with the enemy, attack him vigor- ously and compel him to expose his strength. This is a reconnaissance lorce. ARMY CORPS. In Germany and France consists of 60,000 men, of whom about 48,000 are combatants Term not used in English forces. "Column" has no special significance be- yond that of a force of any size on the march. Strategy is the handling of an enemy up to the actual conflict. Tactics, the ordermg and movements of an army on the battlefield.

Salem, -Corwen.I

CARROGI

I AGENTS YR ADSAIN. I

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CHWAREL MOEL FFERNA.

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