Olympia Rink, Merthyr.. SUNDAY NEXT, NOVEMBER Ilth. Speaker: Miss Sylvia Pankhurst Commencee at 2.45. Silver Collection
Merthyr Notes. Baby Decorated with V.C. The Victoria Cross powt-humously awarded the late Capt. (temporary Lieut.-Gol.) Bertram Best-Dunkley was pinned at a private ceremony atib his home, Rosedale House, Barrow, tua the breast of the three month's old son of the dead hero and Mrs. Best-Dunkley. who is a niece of Mrs. Jno. Davies, the Rectory, Vaynor, by Col. Pedley, the garrison commander. Milk Up Again. The price of milk at Merthyr was advanced on Monday from 6d, to 7d. a quart. Alleged Stabbing AfiVsy: j An alleged stabbing affray at Dowlais resulted, in Joseph Davies, Apple-Tree Court, being' charged at Merthyr on Friday with unlawfully wounding his wife, Martha. Davies, at George- street, where she lived apart from him, It was stated that he caught her out on Wednesday night at her home and stabbed her in the back with a knife. Prisoner was committed for trial at the Assizes, The Reason Why, Summoned at Merthyr for riotous behaviour in Castle-street on Saturday night, Mary Ann Megan told the magistrates that she had just received news that a son had been killed in action and another missing. The case was ad- journed for a month. Out-Relief Increased. I On the motion of Mr. Samuel Thomas, Mer- thyr Guardians on Saturday decided to grant two-shillings per week extra out-door relief to recipients having to buy their own coal from November 1st to March 31st next. S,50 Sugar Case Appeal. H Kecognisances were entered at ivlerbnyr Jrolace Court on Tuesday by Mr. D. 0. Evans, J.P., Dowlais to appeal against the decision of the Merthyr Bench last Friday when a fine of zC50 was imposed upon him for alleged conditional sale of sugar. Epidemic of Measles- I Measles are prevalent m the town and lower district of Merthyr, and for this reason Troedy- 1 rhiw and Twynvrodyn infants' schools have oeen temporarily closed down. N.U.T. I Mr. William Harris has been nominated by the Merthyr branch of the N.U.T. for a- seat on the National Executive.
The Electric Theatre. I Topping the bill on Monday next at the Elec- tric Theatre, Merthyr, is another Metro super- production The Spell of the Yukon," a dram& woven around the grim realities of the Yukon with its golden lure. Star of the comedy featureil is the Triangle Company's "Rough Rogue," in- cluding a Keystone chase, in which a motor-car running amok under the impression that it was .an aeroplane, does a rescue act of mortals on a roof Then there is another exciting instalment of "Pearl of the Army," the serial which has "caught on, besides a sparkling galaxy of comedies, dramas, news and travel pictures. On Thursday's change-over, Ruffell's, the producers of the Metro features, again present a gripping ? drama, "The Devil at his Elbow," and in "Ring Rivals" G annum ts* funny people are at their best. The new Judex" serial production in- stalment is." The Mirror that Moved." This week's programmes have been of excep- tional merit, and "The Notorious Gallagher," the star-picture from Thursday onwards, is one of the greatest yet of the Metro productions. "How's Your Poor Wife" is a top-notch Bri- tish comedy, with the well-known revue players Jack Edge and Blanche Bella in the leading roles. In this programme Judex," already re- ferred to above, the latest aad most fascinating of the Gaumont serials, makes it debut, and will run for ten consecutive weeks. It possesses a fascinating plot and the unravelling of the mys- tery story week by week will be doubtless watched keenly by the big and appreciate follow- ing of this popular picture-house.
Gorseinon Notes. I Our Maintenance Fund. I Some time ago circular* we re addressed to the secretaries of some of the churches of Gorseinon and District. They contained a statement of the position of the Conscientious Objectors, and pointed out the need of maintaining their wives and children during the fathers' enforced ab- sence. No reply of any kind was received, and ft was taken for granted by some that the ch arches had once again failed to take the chance offered to them to put their Christian teachings into practice. Th,? comrades were, therefore, pleasantly sur- priaecl when last week a cheque arrived from the Congregational Chapel at Three Crosses, which, was followed in a few days by another from .J.f)enclawdd Congregational Chapel. These good >;ifw have not only helped in a material way, 1lmt have caused us to believe that there are sti jl a few practical Christians in the world. Now-, will the churches who were so anxious to find but what other churches were doing in the matter follow the lead thus given? Funds are urgently needed for the dependents of the ever lTpCTeasing band of men who have the courage to '.stand by their convictions. Tom Mann. The need for a great Public Hall has never been more keenly felt than at the present mo- ment. Persons of the ability of Mr. Tom Mann have to be content with a small room in which to &peak, whereas a very large building could be filled with people anxious to know all abou? The People's Charter. Mr. Mann will lecture at the Institute, Gorseinon, on November 12th, j at 7.15 p.m., and judging by the sale of tickets, i ticket-holders are advised to come early to se- cure a seat. The accommodation will be rather restricted—partly owing to prejudice. We must see to it that a hall is built worthy of OUir great speakers, and population-a hall which will be! at the disposal of all sects, creeds, and nationali- ties in turn, with no obstacles in the shape of minutes to trip up any organisation. I (
Miners' Ballot. I I MINORITY OF 24,000 FOR DOWN TOOLS." The figures in connection with the ballot of the South Wales Coalfield for or against a down tooh" policy on the question of the comb-out up to Thursday morning are: — Against 87,710 -For 24,146 Majority Against 63,564 The returns for Merthyr and Dow lais are: Maj. Merthyr- For Agst. Agst. South Pit N0. 1 203 288 85 Glynmil .1 48 155 107 Castle 340 444 104 Gethin .140 182 42 For Against For South Pit No. 2 154 128 26 Graig 231 185 46 Cwmddu 144 89 55 Llewellyn-Morthyr 104 69 35 Dowlais- For Agnst. Agst. Cwmfoarboed and Water Level 6 36 30 Surface Craftsmen (Bedlinog) 9 56 47 Fochriw No.1. 117 248 131 Fochriw No. 2 296 347 51 Bedlinog No. I 200 417 217 Bedlinog No. 2 142 174 32 South Tunnel. 89 272 173 For Against For Nantwen 164 98 66 Pits which gave- ,t, (lowil-tools are: — W t J êS err¡- For Ag.alllst FoV Samlet 117 57 60 I Glynea 100 96 4 Gorseinon No. 2 117 85 32 Trebanos 65 27 38 Glais v_ ? 24 1 New Pool, Burry Port 115 8 107 Oae Duke 200 147 53 Pentre (Swansea) 81 49 32 Clydach-Merthvr 303 80 223 Hills and Moody. 136 45 88 Morlais 214 94 120 Acorn 52 10 42 Birchgrove 105 65 40 Anthracite- For Against For Warnos *I'* *'I* 141 101 40 Ammanford 182 112 70 Yniscedwvn 197 50 147 Tvrbaoh 145 81 64 Pwllbach 76 33 43 Pantyffynon 231 65 106 Aberdare- For Against For Aberaman I. 386 260 126 Llwvnhelig 106 64 42 Bwvllfa N0. 1. 588 414 174 Windber 160 34 126 Afan VaIJey- For Against For Argoed 1. 45 44 1 Oynon 208 157 51 Torymynydd 173 93 80 Maesteg- For Against For Bryn 246 216 30
Theatre Royal. I The presentation of Lady Godiva at the Royal this week is so far the best thing that the clever little Morton Powell Company have given us during their visit to Merthyr. It seems to me that historical work is their forte; for they did" The Maid of Cefn Ydfa" with a dramatic flourish that gave life to the interpretation; and this week they have revivified the cream of the Saxon folk-lore stories, until the bad old times are relived for the few short hours that the play runs. Of course, they do not look like bad old times when you have such players as Horace Lionel play the "wicked" Leofrie; A. Stretton gives a. splendid interpretation to Carl Algar; and Miss Nina Blake-Adams and Miss E. Lor- raine are their inimitable selves in their great characterisations of Lady Aldyth and Lady Godiva. Underneath the necessary idealisation of the times for the sake of dramatic effect the author has managed to convey a very fair idea of the oppression of the feudal barons upon the populace; their uncouth personalities, and the strongly individualistic nature of their iron rule. In this respect "Lady Godiva" is far in ad- vance of most so-called historical plays in which the historical colouring is such as only exists in the imagination of the author. To all who have a taste for historical settings the Theatre this week will give as much enjoyment as would the discovery of an unpublished masterpiece of Scott or the translation of a forgotten novel by Dunas Pere. •For next week's programme the same company have made the happy choice of Hall Game's "The Christian," to my mind the best thing that the Manx novelist has done, and with the Manxman," the only work of his that will live a few years hence. Everybody knows the grip- ping power of "The Christian," its fine emo- tionalism, its catholicity of appeal, its simple grandoise of characterisation, and the artistry of its play and interplay, and with such players as these handling it it should have a great vogue next week. PLAYGOER. I
Briton Ferry Notes. I J.M." at the Ferry. A public peace meeting was held at Jerusalem Baptist Chapel on Wednesday, October 31st. De- spite the boycott of the Billposting Company in refusing to put the bills on the hoardings, and the refusal of the majority of the churches to announce the same, the meeting was the best attended since such were inaugurated. The speaker was the Rev. J. Morgan Jones, M.A. (Merthyr). For an hour he gave the audi- enre something to think about. He told us in burning words what war really means. He re- ferred to the clean-limbed Britisher meeting the clean-limbed German; and how both with no personal quarrel were engaged ix a grim mortal combat. In a burst of indignation he said: "If I war is right nothing can be wrong." He re- ferred to the Government tables of the com- paritive value of an Englishman, German, Frenchman. We were reminded that man is more precious than fine gold" and that ao table could approximate to human value. The speaker failed to understand his brethren in the ministry who believed and justified war, and yet were against conscription and offered sympathy to the C.O.'s. He described it as "loose thinking." If war was right, then all means to make it victorious were justified. He referred to the Premier's reference to the "welding of the Allies blood in bringing about the Golden Age." The speaker compared it to a pavement, the cement of which was human blood. The pavement would extend and extend if there were sufficient cement. The Pastor (Rev. R. Powell) presided. The Last Weapon was sold out.
James Winstone on "War Aimers. 'Ii VI LI FI ERS OF THE WELSH MINERS." CROWDED MEETINGS AT DOWLAIS AND BEDLINOG. Big audiences of miners were addressed by Mr. James Winstone (President of the South Wales Miners' Federation) at Dowla,is on Sunday and Bedlinog on Monday. Mr. Winstone said that of late, the miners had been subjected to a good deal of advice—wise and otherwise. Some of it was given because of a sincere desire to serve the best interests of the Welsh miners and the nation; but a good deal was given for no other purpose than promoting the self interest of those giving it. He had one strong objection to the War Aims Campaign—as yet the campaigners had not dis- closed what those aims were. (Applause). It was true they had vilified the Welsh miners; they had called some of the noblest men in the Miners' Federation hard names—men who had worked to build up the Federation, men still, giving of their best to retain it. "I do wish," he declared, "some of them would have the honesty of purpose not to endeavour to stir up strife in this coalfield. After they have created difficulties they flit away to some other sphere and leave other men to bear the burden and re- medy the wrongs they have done. (Applause.) Why don't they tell us what the real war aims are ? They talk about everything but war aims. Are they waiting for the Cabinet to make iir its mind as to what the Allies are now fighting for? There is only one reason why we are not told, and that is because they don't know. (Applause.) I am in tobal agreement with General Smuts when he said that the people are entitled to know and should be taken into the confidence of the Government. And why not? Whilst I have every admiration for the other classes who have done nobly in this war I say at least 90 per cent. of the fighting men to-day belong to the class represented in my audience to-day. I don't want you to be deluded," he went on, "into the belief that you can wait for some external power to bring about your social salva- tion. The power lies within you. You have the power if you excercise the will. And you must act through organised Labour. You have one body and two arms—the industrial arm and the political arm. Both must be brought into use in order that you may be placed in the position in the economy of the nation to which you are entitled. We have a Triple Industrial Alliance consisting of mine-workers, railwaymen and transport workers and I am pleased to be able to say there is an arrangement in existence be- tween the steelworkers' and the miners' organi- sation. Personally, I am not ashamed of the gospel of Labour. It is the great gospel of humanity, the gospel that stands for the brother- hood of man."
Swansea Valley Notes. I More War Aims! War Aims meetings were held throughout the Valley last week. On Monday night at Olydaoh the speakers were Mr. Cimie, M.P., J. Hugh Edwards, M.P., and Mr. Wilson. The speakers were continuously heckled and bombarded with questions and it was quite obvious that the majority of the audience was opposed to the speakers' views. Pontardawe Patriots. At Pontardawe tho" War Aimers" met with better success. That is, if we judge success by the smallness of opposition. The speakers here were Mr. J. Hugh Edwards and Prof. Henry Jones (Glasgow), and the cbairnmn Mr. John Edwards. In his opening remarks the chairman complained of the sparsity of the audience. The hall was only half-full, and the majority of those present were not workers. Most of them were women, and the obsequious satellites of the local steel manufacturer. Small woncler that a ques- tioner was greeted with so much hostility. After m any exciting "Lipioair, 11 ho managed to put two questions. One was in regard to a secret treaty concerning Constantinople, etc., and the other referred to the meeting of British Capi- talists with German financiers, and to a confer- ence of Roman Catholics in Spain. Prof. Jones, replied to both questions with a. frank I don't know." Evem this reply was loudly applauded! The chairman at this juncture wisely put the closure, and the resolution was carried with about twenty dissentients. Ystalyfera Sentiment. At Ystalyferea on Tuesday night Mr. J. Hugh Edwards addressed another W.A." meeting. Here again he met with a stiff opposition. The way he trotted out his cheap (but effective) sen- timent about "little Belgium" and "gallant little Walee was amusing to those who under- stand a little about speech-craft. But thanks to the pacifists present the audience was informed about "War Aims" of which they had never heard before. The speakers on the platform told them what they all already knew, but others had to reveal to them the real War Aims of the Government. The chairman was Mr. H. J. Powell, J.P. Brace Again Busy. But Mr. Brace's meeting at Gwauncaegurwen was a different sort of affair altogether. A bit- ter industrial struggle does not leave the com batants altogethei-blissful and contented. During their enforced idlenes8 the local miners had set their minds thinking and had learnt such songs as the "Red Flag." Before the meeting at the Public Hall they sang it, and so pleased were they with the lilt that they kept it on and on whilst Mr. Brace on the platform patiently twirled his moustache. After this impromptu little cymfatefa ganu," they politely told Mr. Brace that as they had already read his views 'in the Capitalist press they would excuse him from delivering his address, but would request him to answer a few questions. This he con- sented to do, and so the time was spent in joy- fully asking conundrums. A most delightful evening was spent, marred only by the smashing of a motor-car. Luckily no one was hurt (ex- cepting Mr. Brace's' feelings, perhaps).
Organisers Wanted. I THE National Agricultural Labourers' and Rural Workers' Union require the ser- vices of several Organisers, and applicants should at once apply for form of application to R. B. WALKER, General Secretary, National Agricultural Labourers' and Rural Workers' Union, Wensum House, Hempton, Fakenham, Norfolk.
Womei-L Worlcei-s 1 Series-No.3. Tap, Tap. MS THAT'S Mother knocking at the door, and I don't m. H want to get up a bit. But ivhen she brings in a H BR lovely hot cup of Rowntree's Cocoa I soon liven up. ■ Mother makes it y/?? and stirs it well with boiling B JH water. That and a slice of toast sees one thrQugh B ? ?M the morning round splendidly. And it's such a B B cheery drink too, makes you feel you enjoy life. B I n I I IwmwmA Cocoa I I maAgs a-fmeuit inSb-a mxae R
The Uncertificated Teachers I Again I TRADES COUNCIL ACCEPT AFFILIATION I OF THEIR UNION. MERTHYR'S NEW COUNCILLOR. I THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT BOARD AND UNION DELEGATION ALLOWANCES. The item of most news interest to the Mer- thyr people at last Thursday's meeting of the local Trades and Labour Council was undoubtedly the selection by the delegates of Mr. David Per- kins, as the Labour nominee for the vacant Park Ward Town Council seat, filled so ablh until his recent demise by Mr. John Williams, our miners' leader. Mr. Perkins is a keen trades unionise, and an active fighter on behalf of Democracy on the political and municipal government field. He has held, with conspicuous ability, high offices in his lodge and in the district organisation of the, S.W.M.F. In local politics he has been a steady, vigorous and unflinching fighter in all the Town Ward contests of the past few years, and on one occasion put up a noteworthy fight as Labour candidate, being defeated by less than a hundred votes in the final. He will be a capable successor to his friend and chief. A discussion of some interest centred around the application of the newly formed local branch of the Uncertificated Teachers' National Union for affiliation to the Council, which had been re- ferred to the Council by the Executive Commit- tee. Their admission was moved by Councillor Parry and seconded by Mr. Harry Adams, but Mr. Hugh Williams, on behalf of the Trehanis miners, said that his lodge had instructed him to move against this course. The Trades Council the previous month had been almost unanimous in the expression of opinion that the uncertifi- cated teacher should be eliminated from the schools, and his lodge said, if you are desirous of eliminating these people then on principle you must not accept affiliation and thus hold out false hopes to them." Mr. T. J. Evans questioned the right of the Council to refuse affiliation. If there was nothing -in the rules or actions of this union which pre- cluded them from affiliation, then the Council had no power or right to object to their admis- sion. Mr. D. B. Evans (N.U.T.) pointed out that there was a, bad feeling existing between the teachers of the two organisations, but despite that his organisation would not have moved the amendment, though frankly they were agains t the affiliation. He took it that the Council was almost unanimous in its desire to elimin5.te the uncertificated teacher, and if that was the policy of the Council, then he failed to see how any- thing but difficulty would come out of their affi- liation. Mr. Harry Adams took it that the point of view of the Council was that so long as these teachers were employed it was the duty of the Council to insist on the payment of a. proper living wage; until they were eliminated by dis- ease or through some other means being em- ployed. For the future, uncertificatedtoochers should be employed only on a time limit, during which they would be expected to qualify by taking their certificate.. Mr. Price (I.L.P.) declared that the question of elimination was beside the point; the only question to be considered was whether this union was a bona-fide trades union, eligible for affilia- tion, and once that was ruled then they must be accepted. Mr. D. B. Evans said that neither he nor the N.U.T. felt any disrespect for the uncertificated teacher, but his union said that the children m elementary schools must be taught by qualified teachers. That did not mean that they would cast adrift those already employed by the author- ity, but that something should be done to get the young uncertificated teachers to qualify. With respect to the older ones this was almost impossible. A Merthyr Vale delegate said that it was ridi- culous to take up the cudgels on behalf of a 30s. minimum wage for these people, and at the same time refuse them affiliation. Councillor Francis said that the Labour Group on the Council had laid down certain rules which they hoped would be adopted by the Education authority, and these included a pro- vision that all uncertificated teachers of less than 10 years' service in the employ of the Coun- cil should qualify for their certificate; and further that no uncertificated teachers be em- ployed in the future. The Group had no.instruc- tion from the Trad as Council to do this, and the' position would be difficult unless before letting these people in the Council very earnestly con- sidered its policy in respect to these mattei-s, otherwise they mights have resolutions coming, from this body as an affiliated organisation cal- 1 culated to perpetuate the uncertificated teacher. Councillor Parry declared that the Labour Group was divided on this question. At the meeting at which the teachers' salaries was dis- cussed that discussion was immediately followed by a motion to employ an uncertificated teacher. This was negatived by a lady member, and he seconded, and he was surprised to find those who desired the elimination of the uncertificated teaeiier supporting the motion to engage. There was no consistency. They were accepted for affiliation. A letter was read from the I.L.P. expressing the opinion that owing to the high prices of necessities prevailing and the low incomes of cer- tain classes in the town—especially the depen- dants of men serving in H.M. Forces-it was in- cumbent that steps should be taken immediately to alleviate the distress that was now arising and that the best means to do this was by the Bor- ough Council opening communal kitchens. Mr. W. J. Davies, on behalf of the I.L.P., put up a fine case for communal kitchens, which was supported amongst others by Messrs. Price and Adkins, but ultimately it was decided to let the matter stand over pending a report on communal kitchens in other districts to be submitted by the Executive Committee. Mr. H. Evans, in presenting the Guardians' report, stated that the Local Government :aoard had supported the auditor in his limitation of delegation fees to 6s. Sd. per delegate of the Board and rail-fare to-day. The Board from time immemorable had been paying 10s. Probably all would agree that 6s. 8d. did cover the cost of subsistence, but Labour members who had to lose' work to represent the Guardians on these dele- gations could not afford tlft1 sacrifice that this- limitation imposed. Personally, he could not see why the same Local Government Board should differentiate between Town Council depu- tations and Guardians' deputations, for in the '< termer case ti Is. a day was allowed, whereas j it was stated to be illegal to grant more than 6s. 8d. in the latter. This was a matter which would seriously affect the Labour members on all the South Walian Boards and he suggested a collective meeting of the members of the differ- ent unions for the sake of a common policy in protest against this action of the L.G.B. He mentioned that the estimates for the next six months had been drawn up recently, aId the- I sum required was estimated to be £ 65,000, or f £ 5,000 more than the last half-year; the in- crease being due to the enhanced cost of indoor maintenance, higher outdoor relief and advances in salaries, whilst £ 2,000 was allocated to the Assessment Committee in view of anticipated new legislation. The £ 65,000 represented a rate of Is. 2d. in the zc-similar to the last half-year —the increased yield being due to increased as- sessments in rateable value. Ihe Hospital question was begin,niag to effect I them as Guardians. During the past month or so there had been a great influx of patients who should have gone to the General Hospital; and during the last two or three weeks they had had: eotete serious accidents from the collieries in the Infirmary. These people were pauperised be- cause of the quarrel existing between the work- men and Executive of that Institution. It was a crying shame, that these people who had con- trihurted for 20 or 30 years towards the upkeep of an institution should be denied its use when they were in need of it. He personally did not think that the Guardians ought to call upon-, these patients to pay for their maintenance; nor should it fall upon the ratepayers. It should be- taken from the funds of the General Hospital. (Cheers) Mr. Enoch Jones moved a protest against the. j action of the Local Government Board in adopt- ing the course it had with regard to delegation- fees. This was seconded. Mr. B. J. Williams (Minors) said that the- ;j Executive of the S.W,M.F. had had the question. under consideration, but had failed to get any satisfaction. He thought Guardian Evans' sug- gestion of an united action on the part of the, various Boards would prove the most efficacious means of dealing with the matter. The protest was passed. Councillor Francis presented the Town Council" report.
PLEASE MENTION THE PIONEER t WHEN ANSWERING ADVERTS. J Printed and published by the National Labour f Press, Ltd., at the Labour Pioneer Fress? If Williams Square, erthyr Tydfil, & SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 10th, 1917-