Trade Union Notes. By Trade Unionist. I The three great branches of the Democracy in this country, viz., the Trade Unions, the Labour Party (which includes the Socialist bodies) and te Co-operative Movement, are showing signs ,of an appreciation of the necessity that exists for strengthening their position in preparedness for the severe times that confront them now, and ^ill confront them, in a more intensified form, Probably, when the war is over. The Trade Unions, 'or at least the most important of them are busily engaged in altering their, rules, etc., *> as to meet the inevitable changes in indus- trial conditions which the war has brought foout, and in increasing their membership. The Inking up by absorption and amalgamation of nioIls catering for the same class of workmen 1s also making progress, although one could wish I the pace in this direction to be accelerated. The Labour Party Executive have also completed the draft of a new constitution for the Party, which IS to be circulated among the constituent organi- sations and presented to the Party Conference at Nottingham next January. The Co-operative Movement, at a national emergency conference held last week approved, with practical unani- mity, a scheme for closer union with the Trade Unions, and another for securing Co-operative tepresentation in Parliament. And truly, there is need to prepare, for signs 4re not wanting of a deliberate attack upon De- mocracy. The" Times" articles of a few weeks the furious advocacy by the Press of a Policy of suppression of all Pacifist propaganda, the breaking up of public meetings and private inferences, etc., are all indications of the pur- Pose of the reactionaries. Friends of democratic Methods of government will therefore gladly ^eltcome the powerful aid which the Co-opera- tors will bring into the fight. The war has cer- taInly done good in the Co-operative Movement, bY showing them who their frie»ds are. Up to I bow it has been found impossible to enlist their tive organised support. But by now they have h taught a few lessons. Unfair treatment of movement by the Government and Govern- blent Departments, the commandeering of their Pretni,se.s, and of their supplies (jam, for instance) ab being compelled to pay exhorbitant prices to PrIvate manufacturers for their supplies; the gi-al-ill, injustice to Co-operative Societies of the ugr distribution, and above all, the gross in- tfstice of the Excess Profits tax as applied to operatûr8 have succeeded, where all else had railed. # 01, Oc!to at. i Joiiit con- j On October 27th, at Manchester, a joint con- vince of trade unionists and co-operators is to held to further discuss the proposals for a lor working alliance between the two bodies. -?he operative Bakers are initiating a big "cement with the object of the absolute aboli- ?n of Sunday labour all over the country. At '?irlllin-,Iiai-ii the question is an acute one, the Lister of Labour having been asked to inter- ne. The abolition of night work is also con- ti111)lated by the Amalgamated Union of Opera- tive Bakers. On this point a postal ballot vote the whole of the Union is to be taken, asking j hether members are in favour, if necessary, of tking part in a national strike for the retention 01 the day work system. h-å. conference of railway men will shortly be fhl at Leicester for the purpose of ascertaining t heir views re demanding joint control of tIte railways along with the directors, and also t the increased bonuses on wages now obtained Id continue after the>-war. tJ he deputatioJ? from the Shop Assistants' "ioil which waited upon Sir Auckland Geddes, t e Minister of National Service, asking for the revocation of the Restricted Occupations Order far as it applied \0 the Distributive Trades. thaS successful in impressing the Minister with illf JUstIce of their request. He has written to Jnf T111 John Turner, general secretary, that it decided to withdraw the Order as far as concerns the engagement of anv persons ex- pt aliens. ? ?"'?shing Trades Association is en- ?a ??'? to secure a flat rate, of 1«. 3d. per }t'?.?'?cl the abolition of piecework, established fl)r all operatives. Partial success has already ?e? attained as a result of negotiations, at ijev ^V°0^' I^aekburn, Accrington and Preston, ??ood, Blackburn, Accrington and Preston, id advances have been gamed varying from ,I? d. to ??d. per hour. At Manchester the opera- I e Vs struck work and a keen fight between tio??ployers' Federation, backed by the Na- th al 'Pedel'atlOn of Furniture Employers, and tb?, ???'s Union, is in progre&s. Appeals are ?in ?? ant to the Trade Union branches in the ? ?try for contributions to supplement the dISpute pay to the mem bers. Th \vhi\ ^trike at the Dowlais Steelworks, and M,;( hjas spread to Cyfarthfa Steelworks, seems to ?? P? ? a most emphatic manner the change th ELt a," taken place in the last seven or eight 3?, l,ri the spirit of the men employed. Time ?? s?? ￼ both these works were a byword among III w 5- in the steel industry of the coun- lis here was absolutely no organisation, and v18 vSoi rates of pay and conditions of La- h?l, to which the men meekly submitted was 11 lily <ainazing- ?? they ?'e well organised 411d?, the ek,ent of the last few daYE, the part)cu- -? of 'which are well known to all readers of ?6 .< p-0necrj indicate a determmatlOn to im- ?Ov"?eer indicate a, determ i nat i on to im- !P.rciv fi.* which is in sharp contrast with fo '0101' tame^- A noticeable feature of t1. '1'1 t D ? str??? Dowdais is the unitv displayed by i e ?en ?" ?s? determination to resIst black- S?bo T? <, Tilb r'sQ, C-0 ,-out ballot of the South Wales (• 0^ri 0-011t ballot of the South Wales "?o?-'?Ms to exercise the minds of the Iar- 0 (I-()f South Wales. Every day columns e,I0? r:t various. ? ??s local Press giving the views .y ??'ious representative (?) wor k men and to -?lu??? Iepl'esentative (?) workmen and to i11,0111tio8 ￼ at miners' meetings condemn- ° 011 of the conference. What ?he o? r?e ??n of the conference. What ? t ??? forcibly about all this is the fia! ntir: efFm.+8 Illa de by the Press, which, I sup- f?.?c eff?n ?made by the Press, which, I Slp- v. Sfi) is nser] terested parties, to preJudIce >, blinds of j.? ?terested parties, to prejudice ￼ a ma- n?y agH.i? ?? down tools" p?icy. I am ??PrSS alY opinion as to the desirability t ^Ven the ??cticabilitv of adopting such a ?,cjtlr b,,t 'llust confess to a feeling of dis- ?? ?ith t? ??st confess to a feeling of dIS- ? ?eat. ???Mds adopted to bring about it's defeat. And, of cnrse; we are being treated t? ?ga.in to ? ??h?ition of ignorance and in- tql 1' ?ce (thp alwayso together) respecting th ? 1- L P a3 ?? So together) respecting ch' respOllsibl ¡he pacIfists, They, of course, 41-l? l?espolisible for ,apl,lac the trouble and the mis- ^he The intolm-Q ant ones w h o Would persecute ? i.??P?sS? ???? ? Would persecute hy n1'Sh coiymli-mov? It ????y unconscious of .^nowledgi + ??yPay to the Socialists, their influence and emphasis- ?.?" P?art, rrS?e????? ?? impotence. For :41"? O'Wll Part, I-"ld Sa'v that -if h I L P h an pacIfist I atl t e J. t e 4nd pa,-i fi?gtelern ent were eliminAted from the S.W.M.F., that organisation would be a very flabby thing indeed. My notes of last week seem to have roused the ire of Mr. D. B. Jones, w. is an agent for the Stirfa-ce Craftsmen Union. Let me add that I was expressing the opinion of every member of the S. W .M.F. who takes any interest in the affairs of the organisation, and further, from conversations I have had with many surface craftsmen, who are members of Mr. Jones' or- ganisation, I gather that very few, even from that body, would deny that there was ample justification for all that I said. The point that I wanted to make was that the surface crafts- men's union entered into the labour of others; and that is a fact which cannot be disputed. Let us recall the past for a moment. In 1912 a great fight for a minimum wage was carried to a suc- cessful issue by the S.W.M.F. The Enginemen and Stokers' and the other craft unions did nothing to help on the fight, but they came in when all was over and secured the advantages gained by the miners. In 1915 I am not aware that they did anything to raise, the standard rates by 50 per cent. Still they enjoy the 50 per cent, advance. With regard to. the recent ad- vance, the initiative came from the South Wales miners, the matter was sent to the M.F.G.B. Executive. It was ultimately referred to the M.F.GTB. Conference at Glasgow on July 24th. The application was for 25 per cent, on gross earnings. On September 13th, vafter two months' hard work by the Executive and the expenditure of much money, the Coal Controller made an offer on behalf of the Government, which was re- fused. A second offer was made on Septem ber 19 th, which was placed on the agenda for con- ference on the 26th September. It was here that the Craftsmen's Union came ii-i. They thought that it was now time for them to make a show. I have been told that on September 22nd they practically agreed to accept the Controller's se- cond offer, viz., Is. 3d. per adult, 7-J-d. for boys. They, wisely, waited to see what the miners were going to do, and having heard of the miners' de- cision to refuse, they also refused, and demanded Is. 9d. per man and 10 £ d. per boy. They were told by the controller to wait until a settlement had been arrived at with the miners, and were promised the same terms as them. All this, of course, goes to emphasise the point that the Craftsmen's Union were simply following the miners' organisations. Would the craftsmen's organisations ever have been able to secure » minimum wage or an increased standard rate? or can we imagine them initiating and winning a figlit for the last increase? Everyone knows that they couldn't. They are absolutely depen- dent upon the -M.F.G.B. what the M.F.G.B. wins the craftsmen also get; what the M.F.G.B. fail to win the craftsmen have to go without also. The moral is, that all men employed in and about the mines .should belong to one, organisation. It would strengthen the men's position and save ex- pense.
Workers' and Soldiers' Council. FIRST MEETING DEFINES AIMS AND OBJECTS. 1. ine election tor tIle two bcottish representa- tives on the Workers' and Soldiers' Council has resulted in the return of Messrs. J-ohn McLean, I M.A., and David Kirkwood. The full list of district representatives is, as follows: — District 1 and 2 (Scotland), Messrs. John Mac- lean and David Kirkwood. District 3 (N.E. Coast), Mr. G. H. Warne. District 4 (Yorkshire), Mr. D. B. Foster. District 5 (Lanes., Cheshire, and N. Wales), Mrs. O. A. Findlay. District 6 (N. and E. Midlands), Aid Geo. Ban- ton, J.P. District 7 (S. and W. Midlands), Private C. J. Simmons. District 8 (East Anglia), Councillor H. E. Witard, J.P. District 9 (London and Home Counties), Miss Sylvia Pankhurst. District 10 (Southern Counties) Councillor F. Perriman. District 11 (Wales and N.W. Monmouth), Mr. Jas. Winstone, J.P. District 12 (W estern Counties), Councillor G. W. Brown. The first full meeting of the Council has been formed and the following has been agreed upon as a. statement of the objects of the Workers' and Soldiers' Council: — (1) The Workers' and Soldiers' Council has been formed primarily as a propagandist body, not as a rival to, or to supplant any of the existing working-class organisations, but to infuse into them a more active spirit of liberty. (2) The Council strives to create public opinion in favour of a people's peace on the lines of the Russian Declaration of no annexationSj no in- demnities, and the rights of peoples to decide their own destinies, secured by co-operation amongst the democrats; and to that end it de- mands that the Governments shall remove all obstacles in the way of any international confer- ence of the Workers' representatives, at which the issues of the war and the peace will be dis- cussed and defined. (3) The Council is determined to check the de- struction of industrial and political liberties which has taken place during the war, and de- mands the restoration of the rights of free citi- zenship to the workers. Further, it claims for soldiers and sailors of all ranks the right to take part in every political and industrial activity which is necessary to advance their interests as enfranchised citizens. (4) The Council defends the interests of sol- diers and sailors and their dependents, and calls for such increases in pay and allowances as will bring them up to the standards paid to the workers in civil industry. (5) The Council aims at the consolidation of the efforts of all working-class organisations to obtain an ever increasing share in the wealth produced by the labour of hand and brain, to- gether with control over industry. (6) The Council agitates for effective action to eliminate completely the operations of profiteers and others who are exploiting the needs of the nation and the continuance of the war in their own personal and class interests. (7) The Council, in order to give effect to the foregoing, strives to create public opinion by conferences, meetings, the publication of leaflets, communication with existing societies and other means which from time to time are called for by circumstances, its aim being to create in co- operation with kindred societies in other coun- tries, such a movement as will lead to Labour- Socialist Governments being established in every country. A Sub-Committee is preparing a manifesto on "A Plea for a People's Peace, and a vigorous campaign is about to be inaugurated. ALBERT INKPIN, (Oh behalf of the Workers' and Soldiers' Council)
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Fisher Grants at Merthyr. I REVOLT OF THE SECONDARY AND IN- I TERMEDIATE TEACHERS. COLLECTIVE NOTICES TO THE EDUCATION I COMMITTEE. Another bomb-shell has fallen upon the Mer- thyr Education Authority; this time from the graduate and non-graduate assistant masters and mistresses. From what we gather, although there was no recommendations on the subject appearing in the Fisher Report, or the report of the sub-committee, the Authority when allo- cating the Fisher grants finally decided to raise the salary of two individual non-graduate as- sistant masters at the Cyfarthfa Secondary School to the scale of graduate masters on the grounds of long service. The other non-graduate masters are opposed to any such differentiation, and the graduate, iiiasters object to the graduate scale being applied to non-graduates. The pro- testing non-craduates admit that the graduates are entitled to a higher scale than themselves. Non-graduate assistant masters and mistresses at both schools apparently fail to see any justi- fication for what they regard as exceptional treatment in the two cases referred to, and they feel that the questions involved are of consider- able importance to themselves and to the pro- fession at large, and to emphasise their protest they have collectively given notice to terminate their engagement at the end of the term.
Avan Valley Notes. I (BY DEMOCRITUS). I That Militarism knows no compunction was ex- emplified at Cwmavon recently in the arrest of Mr. Morgan Rees. This young man was the sole support of two invalid sisters, and although a conscientious ooiector to war on religious grounds, consideration for his sisters induced him to appeal for exemption on domestic grounds. His claim was at first granted, but now, alas, the exemption has been withdrawn, and the young man is a prisoner in the hands of the military. # & Mr. Rees was not identified with any pacifist movement, but was an active member of the Church, with well-known strong religious views. Unfortunately, the chapel of which lie was a member is more noted for its jingoism than for the peace of Christ; and having no sympathy with the practical observance of Christianity, allowed Mr. Rees to be arrested without any protest. The dearly-beloved Christian brother, Bib- bings, again stood forth at Bethany-square last Saturday night to preach his gospel of hate. This time he was subjected to much heckling and jeers. Not a word did lie utter about War Aims. As an exhibition of inveterate rancour, of libel- lous accusations against I.L.P. leaders, Mr. Bib- bings' performance, however, could hardly ¡be surpassed. If the Government think that letting such men 1 loose among the Welsh people will strengthen the belief in the necessary prosecution of the war they are greatly mistaken, for many who listened to Mr- Bibbings, and who are op- posed to any pacifist intervention at the present moment, were heard to say that unless the justi- fication for continuing the' war could be based on something better than vile abuse then the sooner negotiations for peace are begun the better. Many, even among the Socialists present at the meeting, decried the interruptions to-wbich the speaker was subjected, for, it was contended, that the men who are fighting for the rignt of free speech should be prepared to grant to others what they demand for themselves. Against this contention it should be remembered that the I.L.P. are not allowed to hold meetings at Bethany Square; that throughout the country organised gangs of hooligans with the acquies- cent sanction of the authorities have succeeded in breaking up I.L.P. meetings, and, what is more important still, an audience has a right to protest against a speaker who abuses the pri- vilege of free speech by resorting to the. public calumny of men of spotless character. Let the War Aims Committee speakers speak on War Aims, and not indulge in a wild, venomous, slan- derous attacks on men and movements that are working for the only thing worth working for- a. peace by negotiation. If they do this they will probably escape a great deal of the interrup- tions which their own folly invites. To expect men who i-evere MacdonafcT and Snowden to quietly listen to the dastardly and caddish charges and insinuations made by men of the Bibbings type is expecting too much, and the young men who resented this method of conduct- ing the War Aims Campaign -it last Saturday's meeting merit every commendation. Last Sunday evening at the New Dockers' Hall, Mr. Harry Davies, Cwmavon, gave a lec- ture on the work of the War Aims Committee, and he exposed, by argument, the whole falsity of Government war aims, and, in parsing, refuted the charges made by Mr Bibbings in the pre- vious night's meeting. As an example of the spurious accusations of the I.L.P. renegade, Mr. Davies, in answer to a question, said that Mr. Bibbings was not discharged with three other organisers, because the I.L.P. had no more use for them. The facts are, that when the foul organisers were employed by the S.W.D.C., it was distinctly told them that the work was only temporary, and that a permanency could only be considered in relation to the result of the work achieved. The experiment of employing four or- ganisers proved a failure, with the result that the Divisional Council, over which Mr. Davies presided at the time, decided to dispense with the services of three organisers and keep on one, and, marvellous to relate, the one kept on was Mr. Bibbings. Mr. Davies dealt with other charges such as Mr. Snowden's connection with the putrid meat business of Lyons, Ltd., which charge has leen previously exposed in the columns of the Glas- gow Forward." Mr. Davies also clearly ex- plained the reason why the War Aims people avoid discussing the present objects of the Allies. The meeting was a crowded success. The War Aims speakers may bellow as loudly as the bulls of Basan, but one quiet, reasoning meeting as the one afforded by Mr. Davies', will achieve more influence than a thousand addressed by pot-house vilifiers, and Billingsgate spouters. Mr. Fairchild, of the B.S.P., will speak for the Taibach branch of the I.L.P. at the Dockers' Hall, next Sunday evening. Mr. Uiairchild's re- nutation as a cogent speaker will ensure a good attendance. If the members of the branch will condescend to come in time to the meeting per- haps a little less notice of moving chairs and shuffling feet, which somewhat marred last Sun- day's quietude, will result. V
<?? LLOYDS BANK II ?? LIMITED. ??SES?? HEAD OFFICE: 71, LOMBARD STREET, E.C. 3. NATIONAL WAR BONDS. APPLICATIONS MAY BE LODGED AT ANY OF THE BRANCHES OF THE BANK. S COUPONS AND DIVIDEND WARRANTS CASHED FOR HOLDERS j WHO HAVE NO BANKING ACCOUNTS. I DOWLAIS SO-OPERATIVE SOBER Limited, j I DOWLAIS CO-OPERATIVE SOClEl Y, Limited, I 16, 17, 18, and 19, Union Street, Dowlais. I I DRAPERY DEPT. I j 1 We are now showing a Large Assortment of New Goods for the 1 1 coming Season:- I Household Linen. Blankets. Quilts. Sheets. =1 Carpets and Rugs. I —— j MILLINERY DEPT. I ) s Costumes. Jackets. Blouses. Ladies and I| (Children's MHHnery. ￼ | VALUE AND QUALITY GUARANTEED IF YOU BUY AT jI ? 16, 17, 18 & 19, Union Street, Dowlais. j I* Pantscallog, Dowlais. Caeharri,s, Dowlais. =1 High Street, Penydarren. I Station Terrace, Bedlinog. I lot j MADCML Amalgamated LMMKEM'MttmM. I Registered Office -1 ST. DAVID'S PLACE, R!E:!s.N. The Live Fighting Union for South Wales. We Don't Merely List Benefits on Paper-We PAY Them. General Secretary JOHN TWOMEY. Organiser: "BOB" WILLIAMS, 220 Blackfriars Road, London, S.E. District Secretaries: A. BARTON, 5 Stuart Street, Docks, Cardiff; JOHN O'LEARY, Century Institute. Winmill Street, Newport, Mon.; Coun. J. POWLESLAND, 10 Picton Place, Swansea I ALL CLASSES CATERED FOR-MALE AND FEMALE. B Affiliated to the National Transport Workers' Federation, Trade Union Congress, and I National Labour Party. Jj Approved under the National Health Insurance Acts. FOR SALE. I PIGS.-Grand Littp.,r from a Middle Yorkshire JL Sow. Sire a very large white. Very valuable for breeding.—JOHN ELLIS, Corner; House, Cefn. LITERARY, UNITARIAN PAMPHLETS on The Bible, "Heaven," and I I Hell," given post free. —Miss BARMBY, Mount Pleasant, Sidmouth. MEDICAL. d A -PAGE BOOK ABOUT HERBS AND Ut: HOW TO USE THEM, Post Free. Send for One. TRIMNELL, THE HERBALIST, 144, RICHMOND ROAD, CARDIFF. Established 1879. MISCELLANEOUS. A?TROLbGY.—Life Events, Changes, For- Atunate Days, Business Success, Matrimony; Two Years' Future added.—Send Birth-date, II- P.O., PROF. GOULD, "The Nook," Heathfield Road, Cardiff. 'Phone 597. 'Phone 597. WILLIAM TRESEDER, Ltd. THE NURSERIES, CARDIFF. WREATHS, CROSSES, CUT FLOWERS, &c. BEDDING PLANTS. Asters, Stocks, Dahlias, Marguerites, Lobelia, &c. Tels TKESEDER, FLORIST, CARDIFF." By HELP THOSE WHO HELP "W YOUR PAPERJ THERE 18 ONLY ONE OINTMENT THAT CURES And this is supplied by Chemists and the MANNINA OINTMENT CO., FISHGUARD, And is sold in Three Strengths—1, 2 & 3. The action taken by the Joint Board and the "Statement" issued by the Labour Party, which are referred to in the following pages, deserve a reply. Here it is. It is addressed to the entire Labour, Trade Union, and Socialist Organisations of Great Britain. Study it well, and discuss it in your Societies, for the future well-being of the Working-class Movement depends upon your verdict. N?W Ready. Price Sixpence 1\ y. Post Free sevenpe? 'THE TATTOOED MEN,' OR I LABOUR LEADERS AND THE WORKERS' MONEY The full story told by FREDERICK TEMPLE, (Author of Interest, Gold and Banking," War Finance and the Worker," &c.). London THE COMMONWEALTH PRESS, 118, Cannon Street, E.C.