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IBargoed Notes.

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I Bargoed Notes. I" God and the Dr. Walter Walsh paid us his long-expected! visit on Friday, to lecture on God and the People." He urged that economic. selfishness is the natural outcome of the long preaching of selfishness as the religion of get yourself saved, no matter what becomes of everybody else"; and that a statecraft which assumed fear and greed to be the only human motives worth con- sidering, and all others to be foolishness, and which habitually assumed and believed the worst about everybody, was simply the nyan-of-the- world's translation, into his own language, of the theological dogmas of original-sin and total- depravity. He insisted on the truth that was in all religions, however mixed with error; and urged that, as we had had to go beyond mere nationalism to an internationalism, in which every nation would find its place, even so with religions. In conclusion he specially urged us to study Walt Whitman, as the, greatest of modern democrats. (We have in the branch librttry, Stead's selection in the "Penny Poets" Wallace's "Walt Whitman: a Study"; also Burroughs' monograph, and "The Flight of the Eagle" in his "Birds and Poets" all of them giving plentiful quotations). Home Rule for India. We have just had a lecture (Sunday, Oct. 14), on behalf of the Home Rule for India League,, from Mr. Iyer, of Madras. Billy Jones, in the chair, urged that our rulers professed to be fight- ing for the independence of small nationalities. There might be difficulties about applying it to Alsace-Lorraine and the Balkans, but not, surely, in Ireland and India; but. there seemed to be no statesman bold or astute enough to take them up. The spirit of the Russian revolution was anything but dead, witness the revolt in the German Navy. Mr. Iyet" urged that India, had the oldest civili- zation. This justified the people of India in sending a mission to us. He quoted a Whole series of testimonies to the splendour of India*} I civilization under native rule, from ancient and mediaeval travellers- who had visited and writte" accounts of it. The oldest was MegastheniS) a Greek. who resided, as amoassador from the, Greek King of Syria, at the court of the J1lOS0 powerful Indian king of the day, about 30 B.C., not long after Alexander the Great. Then Chinese Buddhists who visited India as pilgi'-in]fr well over 1,000 years ago, Arab traders of tll& Middle Ages, European travellers of later date.. the most famous being Buniceo; and AngIO-In- dian officials, e.g., Sir Thomas Munro, qUO by Keir Hardie (I noticed that our Grand Old Man was one of his chief authorities) to the effect that in the 17th Century, among othr things, there were schools ir. every Indian Vil- lage, and women (commonly alleged to be; specially downtrodden in India) were treated with confidence, respect, and delicacy. othe authorities that he quoted (to show that it not merely his private opinion) added that nO' country was more richly endowed bv nature th^ India, in many part? a very paradme; and th? in literature and philosophy, they were not oQv at least equal to any, but of special value as » corrective to a civilization and culture dominance by the exclusive innuence of Greece, Rome, and one Semitic race (the Jews). As for the condition of India to-day; fall1i?Ø' has become chronic; it comes every year accord ing to Sir Wm. Hmiter, 40 millions never haTr enough to eat; not that there is ever a lack d grain in India; when the crops fail in one P?- some other has a surplus, which might be ?se<* to make up, but (as in Ireland during the ?' mine) it pays the capitalist to export the grail? instead of using it to feed the hungry. Th? there are millions of British capital invested 151 India, and India has to pay 25 millions a y? in interest. Then there are the salaries and pensions of Anglo Indian officials, civil and B?' tary, bringing up the annual drain on India about 30 millions. These salaries, pensions, rcl dividends, pass mainly into the hands of Brit? capitalists at home, to be used by them in the? struggle with Labour at home. To raise -tbi? the peasantry have to pay half their income I taxes, which may be further brought up to three-quarters by local taxes, and these ta;1t:e5 are levied on the gross harvest. So the P?? santry who, under native rule, found six houljs work a day ample to supply all their needs)- under British rule are compelled to toil ?'? sunrise to-sunset for a bare existence. The war had done one good thing: it had ?_ ploded the myth of India being disloyal. ?j. the outbreak of war all the soldiers in India haii been sent to Mesopotamia, etc., and India been quite as quiet without them. The disloy?'? plea having thus failed, the general illiteracy? the natives is urged against granting them set government, yet the Governor-General had tually vetoed a law, proposed by an Indian, A establish compulsory education through0 India.

Merthyr Notes. I

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Hirwain Notes.

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Gorseinon Notes.

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