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The Great Convention and After.

Labour in Ireland.

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I Merthyr War Pensions Committee.

* Aberdare Waterworks.I

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I British Duty in India. I

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I British Duty in India. I TO THE EDITOR. Dear Sir,—In these days of huge international I problems, the outlines of which, more especially in Europe, we have been forced to see in the glare of the present conflagration, it may be that questions relating to "subject" nations such as India may be overlooked for a moment. It is true that we were informed by Mr. Cham- berlain in the House of Commons last week that India will be represented at the annual ses- sion of the Imperial Cabinet by a nominee of the Government of India, as well as by the Secre- tary of State for India," which decisions, though they mark an immense advance in the posi- tion of India in the Empire," are not altogether satisfactory even in the present state of affairs. For we learn that though lohe Imperial War Con- ference had also under consideration "the posi- tion of Indians in the Empire as distinct from the position of India herself," there was no hint or suggestion given that would lead us to be- lieve that any change of position" was at present contemplated. Nevertheless we are glad to learn that system of identured emigration of Indian natives is to be stopped, and that the grossly unfair and often harsh treatment of Indian emigrants and settlers in the Dominions, and similar questions, are receiving considera- tion. But behind all these questions is India her- self. "It is becoming daily clearer that the familiar expression the unchanging East' no longer applies to India. In recent years, and that directly due to the influences of British rule, India has become politically aware of her- self as a nation, and has begun to seek, as the concrete expression of that realisation, self-ad- ministration according to her own ideals and needs. A new hope and magnificent ideal are stirring up her ancient life. A change in our mutual relations has to-day become imperative, so as to remove accumula- ting difficulties, and create a sympathetic un- derstanding. That Great Britain has conferred benefits upon India is a fact of which we are sufficiently conscious; that India possesses in- herently a complimentary power to supply certain of our deficiencies is not so fully realised. We cannot overlook the facts" that at the re- cent National Congress in India a resolution was enthusiastically carried that in the con- struction of the Empire India shall be lifted from the position of a dependency to that of an equal partner in the Empire with the self-governing Dominions. To ignore such a resolution, em- bodying a Nation's aspiratio/is, would undoubt- edly be fraught with grave, danger. Altered conditions require altered methods, and these altered methods India, has evolved and is pressing upon our attention. Her appeal for understanding is to the democracy of this country, to awaken it to the needs of India in her present valiant effort to establish herself as an independent unit in the British Common- wealth." There must be many readers of the "Pioneer" who are students of international questions who are in sympathy with the aspirations of India, and may be interested and pleased to learn that the question of mutual understanding and the fashioning of ideal bonds of sympathy and co- operation is being given closer attention in this country to-day more than ever. Recently I have received explanatory literature from the "British Committee of the Indian National Con- gress," the Home Rule for India League," and now comes a little pamphlet from an association called Britain and India (whose office is 33, Regent's Park-road, N.W.), which seeks to unite those who feel Britain and India, have reciprocal duties to perform and mutual services to offer each other, and in some way, in the works of General Smuts in a recent speech, to bring East and West into more familiar relations and understanding with each other.—Yours, etc., AMIENS.

Travelling without Railway…

The People's Food.

Bituminous Coal.

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