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Bargoed's Thanks to Russia.

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Bargoed' s Thanks to Russia. SpLENDlD GATHERING IN THE INSTITUTEI ?ho I.L.P. held its May meeting, this time to i¡ehrate the Russian Revolution, on Sunday w  at the Institute, the New Hall 'being re- C'?d -) to us at the very last moment. If the Allt'-80ci-alists were at the bottom of it, and "M thereby to stop us, they failed again; for Ilutituto Hall was well filled (chairs were ?,1o 119 carried in as I got there), and the litera- lii.6 Sa^es ran to about £ 3 5s. The speakers fkfc'),(3 Miss Minnie Pallister, of Brynmawr, and P- onsonby, Jas. Wimtone, ?" A. Ponsonby, M.P., with Jas. Winstone, NV .F, in the chair. Mr. Winstone quoted ^°yd George, not many years ago, going all ? ?aleH to tell the people that conscience was -? the State; and John Wesley's words, "The .O:rla is my a? and to do good, my reli- ?' ?s Revoltion was only the outward gl1, of an inward change that had been long )??g about. He had himself spoken with a o hour member of the Duma, who was going ]? to Russia, with the certainty that once he ? ? there he would be arrested and sent to la; but he would thereby be serving the i Se' so he went. Winstone concluded by read- in»^he resolution, congratulating the Russians, calling on every government to follow their 411,Ple ? particular by re-establishing indus- ¡ e I, civil, and religious liberty, freedom of eeh and of the press; releasing all political ? religious offenders; abolishing all privileges ?lags, race, or sex; and renouncing all claim ? "'Vexations or indemnities.  Pallistm' seconded. She was astonished kt ??e of the people who sent congratulations nobody had any idea they were so d of liberty, democracy, and revolution. Some tl thought we wanted- reminding that 11] ere was a war on," ?? to that end they ?a?? ? Everybody as miserable as they could; t44h1 ?119 other things, they stopped the accustomed ta.^stmas morning eggs of the children in a cer- !¡¡.11 Workhouse. The only way, it seemed, to re- 1"d them of the war was to deprive them of 4"'es,sarie,s. And those who do so, are they in 4 sitioa to say anything about the treatment W ?elgian children P We were met to cele- (lf8., the establishment, in Russia, of freedom "?f. Peech and of the press, and the liberation of 411 ?° prisoners; the very opposite of Vnn,r^t)vernment did. She, "being a Hn?U11 °?^t Gove"nn) ent did. She, being a qn" ?? therefore having no brains and no ?standjng, couldn't understand why such adl:tlOnS' should be. Do suppression and  ?utlOn ever pay? Two thousand years ago l ? ???rmnent uf the-day was tr?uMfd about ,Ille victims of a disease called conscience, which ?d ~reri a rarer disease then than now; and an ¡ Councillor adviRed them to "let these men ?e, if they are in the wrong, they will come tj-??Ught of themselves; but if they are in the ^t, yoU cannot overcome them, and you will toting against God." But to-day, after tbousand y?ars, governments were not yet ?'?sible as Gamaliel. And in Russia, the Gov- W had been ti-y i .ll(, for, say, the last 200 ???t had been trying for, say, the last 200 (> to crush out its consciencious objectors  ? a very hotbed of them), with the re- 441t J, hif at the Government was overthrown in the ??? "'?on we are now celebrating. Indeed, has had them. The Greeks, 400 B.C., P1,;? tlleiz, best and wisest man (Socrates) to ^tlv because he wouldn't give up teaching that %? y didn't approve of; and so they accused him Cupting the youth of the city. Then, in ^jVv s time, there was a great fii?e in Rome, and !ai? ?'?s accused of having set fire to it, so he ? ? Mame on the Christians, and had num- Ks # them tortured to death. Then, in Scot- %<1 when the English Government tried to 10 re^8um on them that they didn't believe  of them laid down their lives rather i4 ?:1 'L%nt; and they, and their fellow martyrs li6,, gland won for us, with their blood, the ??? we have wantonly flung away, but \t() cb the Russians have now just gained. Are we ??e'Pal-E?d to go as far as the Russians? It is t:Englshl1la's peculiar arrogance, to preach W4t lle is afraid to practise. The Japanese were ii1q) rell?ed by the preaching of the missionaires QÆsInd o?t to the heathen," that they sari- ll:tti'J thought of adopting Christianity as their ?ti? '?? religion, but first they sent a commis-  0 Europe and America, to see for them- sives!. 0w it worked. The commissioners, when 1 wa:turne,d, reported against it, saying that ;va« ??'e impotent to restrain crime and vice, II ai1 ■iT)religion.they knew of; and that those vvh, p,roftts ,e?d it lived in direct violation of its ?achin And before the war, the War Office ,4id 11 ttrouble ?iliout preachers, wnters, and ?n't double about preachers, writere, and ? ?? herl'S ??S agamst war, knew they would \If the hl once war came, but it was afraid t? )S.?T.??S of individuals who, when war l ^ii}^ Ufec^ to hght. And considering how liav been treated, who are we to preach to  a.1 |)0Ut ??'ty ? So she offered the Rus- ? ?v? ?t?onaries our envious congratulations, the .? ?? "? .i^tiee, brotherhood, and peace. b ? ?ett  then read from Morgan Jones. ?ssi?t? Us a( "Ilown, t??t despots and diplomats P?pose +?t ?'ople dispose, and would ultimate-  overt hp?Rernhardiesm, whether in Berlin, lenna, I pa ol. I d on. j A. Pons??' London. i >e that an vy then said it was difficult to be- ) ?ye that a? f;?? could come of this war, but %I'swas the rat ^reat victory. I t was not t ?ed witho?? ??'sat v1CtOy, It ws not 4ilaf-,(l with ()lit ?ng preparation Voltairs and lisse-au, b- v t.h  teaching, had prepared the |>nch Revolution Land the Russian one had prepared bv ^e teaching of the greatest "lo<i' ern ELII?o ,t'.eans 'l'olstov Some unex- h'Modern EurotK. T<?stoy. Some unex" C?ed people w??. but not whole. t?ftedly Bonar L^°1C1I1K' hut *ot l e?- h theex-T?ar was, a l most condoling i4 1908, on the TurS?? ?r'n mlden-speech was tt tht;revolution:rYs revo]utI?n" congratulat- i4 L9 tll(-l revolutionaries and pointing Tlt that ?wa. another ???P??S cut ?t  ?eir Hardie-(clSS' R??-?? ?, forbidden to attend 6 kT^ S ^ard,en- k.t orbldd8> totend the king's ?rden- ?- The Tzar was awe?? ?? au?tocrat, worse ?? a ?rr? .?. ?? ? ? ? ?t,?.ng p?ty f Govert ?? thh?ev ? The new Russian Govern- %t liad r-c?nou..need ??" ? desire for anBexatioM, W \Vand c 1 or annexa, ons, %44 ',alited -onRtnt1ll0p e ""wnationaliMd Wt t iollaw their example, especially now that the war has eome to a competition in star- vation. Resolutions were infectious, as shown in 1830 and 1848, which began in France, but spread over a great part of Europe. It was said that democracies can't wage war; they won't wage this sort of war, but that against destitu- tion, disease, and the like. In Germany, before the War, Bernhardi had only run through three editions (and never a cheap one, as here in the early days of the war); Baroness Suttner's "Lay Down Your Arms" through 210. We had never had democracy here, we had been deluded by great orators into believing thatxwe had it. As Zangwill said, Lloyd George with the Constitu- tion was bad enough, but unalloyed George was insufferable. Those who were filling their poc- kets out of the war, didn't want it to stop; but the people were not going to starve in order to break up the Austrian Empire or annex the German colonies. Military victory didn't matter much, its fruits were often thrown away when it came to making peace. The differences be- tween peoples were superficial compared with their resemblances. Ignorance was the main cause of war; diplomatists forming, as they did, a class by themselves, were among the most ignorant of mankind. In 1742 we were against Frederic the Great of Prussia, and regarded him as a villian; in the Seven Years War (1756-63) we were in alliance with him, and regarded him as a hero. So also with the French, under Napo- leon and now; with Russia (the Crimean War and now) with the Boers (Smuts was now one of the few successful British generals); while in 1898 the "Daily Mail" held up the Kaiser to us as a friend in need! Were the people really so capricious? No; the Governments. But it is no use blaming them unless we assert ourselves against them. Foreign policy was not taught in the schools history was begun at the wrong end, so that the children didn't get to modern history; officials didn't want the people to know aioout Iti. I've been one of them, so I know." Knowing the .Foreign Office, as he did, from within as well as without, he knew where to attack. One thing, we had learnt it was all nonsense about there not being money in the country for old age pen- sions, housing, education, etc. And if it was right to make men under a certain age, sacrifice their lives, much more was it right to make men over a, certain income, sacrifice their wealth. It was a fatal error of the Government to suppress discussion in consequence, they didn't know what they were about. There was a ory of "helping the enemy" whenever something was found in a German paper, on a German, which had been copied from an American paper, which copied a British paper. But our object ought to be, to strengthen the German Socialists; that would weaken the German Government, and make for peat*? instead of which, the knock- 1 out interview, Bottomley, Maxse, etc., were alone allowed to reach Germany as the voice of the British people; and were published broad- cast over Germany, by the German Government, as proof that the British people sought only to destroy them, and that their one chance was to fight it out to the very last. The Study Circle. I In the evening we had our usual study-circle meeting, with Ponsonby unexpectedly present. Comrade Matthews remarked on how alliances were shuffled about; thirty years ago we were in alliance, or at least entente, with Germany against France, and our papers saw nothing wrong in the idea of the German armies march- ing through Belgium, to-morrow we might pos- sibly be again in alliance with Germany, against China and Japan. The Tories might very pos- sibly have a big majority in next Parliament on the strength of the Liberals having blundered into the, war and then mismanaged it. We must consider how to deal with the U.D.O. in such a case. But the new electorate and constituencies should give us more chances. Comrade Will Jones urged that we needed more education, to put an end to our traditional niuddling-tlil-ouoh We must capture the educational machine. Comrade W. T. Lloyd doubted if the existing democracy was competent to rule. How many were able to criticize the ordinary press? We were not ready for a revolution. Ponsonby (some people's names are above all titles), in reply, asked if we could afford to wait for a better educational system. Meanwhile there was public discussion, which he considered better than any amount of reading; and train- ing by responsibility, e.g., having the vote, would do something to train people to use it. We must make an end of having our life in water- tight compartments, confining our religion to Sundays, our politics to the House of Commons, etc., each with a different morality. We wanted the same sort of people in parliament as out, to be really representative, but M.P.'s shouldn't be mere delegates. We must put an end to the absurdity of a hostile vote turning out the Gov- ernment, which, in turn, produced the undigni- fied absurditv of the snap division. Treaties should be revised periodically. The people must be given a, chance to make mistakes, that they might learn by them. M.P.'s usually had nothing much to do in the House; this might be got over by having more committees. The permanent officials, like other experts, were good servants but bad masters, apt. to be mere specialists. The referendum was good as an education; but how many questions can be reduced to a plain Yes or No? Usually there is a third course possible.

Coun. Dollar], Glasgow, ArrestedI

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