r" I Me!!mee!!AU!7tre i f WeeK commencing Mon d ay, August 7th. • t CONTINUOUS PERFORMANCE FROM 2.30 TILL 1030 P. M DAILY. W Special Engagement for One Week only of ft I JENKIN WHITING Z The Famous Local Boy Soprano. I ) TRIPLE EISTEDDFOD WINNER ￼ Who will Sing to Ulustrated Slides of Well-known So*gs. | I A Change of Songs and Slides on Thursday I A Full Programme of Star Pictures each Three Days. I BOOK YOUR SEATS THIS WeEK t I Prices as usual—3d., 6d., and Is. Government Tax Extra. | ) Coming Shortly: "The Price of Her SHence." ) jTHEATRE ROYAIJ r" II It ITI1N?p!E,IiYRLI -L — rir—^ rrr~ — • i Special Great Attrctio-i-I:' Commencing Monday, August 7th, 1916. I I ?7?5.ONCE?N!GHTLY? 7-45. j .= Special Visit of Florence Glossip-Harris and Company Including HENRY BAYNTON, in I SHAKESPEAREAN PLAYS. I Monday, August 1th- Tuesday, August 8th- I I Thursday, August 10th- Friday, August Hth— 1 The Taming of the Shrew. The Merchant of Venice I I Wednesday, August 9t-Romeo and JuHet = Saturday, August 1M—Othe!<o. | INCTE—Special Prices for this Great Attraction I ? Circle Stalls Pit Gallery N Ordinary Doors 25. 6d. Is. 6d. Is.Od. 6d. a Ta*. 2d Tax, 2d. Tax, 2d. Tax, id. I I* EARLY DOORS or Booking te Od 25 Od I 6d 9d II Prices f'or Olrcle & Sta..s s. Tax, 3d. Tax, 2d. Tax, zd. Tax, 2d. I I Box Office (Telephone No. 2) Open Daily-Morni.g, '0.30 to I. Aft"on, 2.30 to 4.30 S 2 For further details see bills. 2 II It It It THERE 18 ONLY ONE OINTMENT THAT CURES And this is supplied by Chemists and the MANNINA OINTMENT CO., FISHOUARD, And is sold in Three Strengtbs-1, 2 & 3. 'Plllne 597. 'Phone 597. WILLIAM TRESEDER, Ltd. THE NURSERIES, CARDIFF. WREATHS, CROSSES, CUT FLOWERS, &c. BEDDING PLANTS. Asters, Stocks, Dahlias, Marguerites, Lobelia, &c. Tels TRESEDEK, FLORIST, CARDIFF. SALE!! Owing to depletion of Staff, the Stock must be re- duced, consisting of Clothing, Boots, Bedding, etc. At HARRIS'S, 5 Castle Street, Merthyr
DOWLAIS I PETITION FOR BIG DAN. "-A petition for the I reprieve of "Big Dan" Sullivan, the Dowlais coker now under sentence of death 'for the murder of his wife, is being drawn up. Signa- tures are canvassed from inhabitants and work- men of Dowlais, amongst whom there is a con- siderable amount of sympathy with the con- demned man. MEBTHYR GUARDIANS AND A MURDERER'S CHIL- DREN.—The future of the children of Darn Sulli- van', the Dowlais coker, who is now under sen- tence of death for the murder of his wife, was discussed by the Merthyr Guardians on Satur- day.—It was reported that the grandmother cf the two children, who are now in the work- house infirmary, was prepared to provide a home at her small farm in Glengarif, Ireland, provided they were sent to Cork.—Mr. F. T. James (Clerk) said the Board of Guardians had no legal right to pay the cost of the jour- ney to Cork.—Mr Patrick Mansfield: If there is any difficulty about that the Irish people in Dowlais will find the money.—It was decided to ask the Cork Union officials to communicate with Sullivan's mother and report. Meanwhile the children remain where they are. man.
This terrible war is killing a let 8f businesses. Make it a personal reselve that the Pioneer I stall net be killed.
ABERCYNON .FUNERAL-The funeral of Gilbert Barnsley, who was killed by a fall on Monday last at the Dowlais-Oardiff Colliery, took place at the Abercynon Cemetery on Saturday. Deceased, who was only 18 years of age, was employed aa a labourer. He was the son of Mr Henry Barnsley, of 9 Omerton Street, Matthewstown. Among the mourners were:—Mr and Mrs Hy. Barnsley (father and mother); Misses Isabella and Mildred Barnsley (sisters); Emrys Barnsley (brother) Mrs and Miss Collins, Penrhiwceiber; Mr and Mrs Wood, Tredegar; Mr and Mrs E. Sid away, Tredegar; Mr Charles Barnsley (un- cle) and John Amor. The Rev. T. Martin, Vicar of Ynysboeth, officiated at the graveiside. We tender our sincere sympathy to the ber- eaved family. FIRES AT hayrick, the property of Mr David Pricej Abercynon, caught fire on Saturday last near Parknewydd Farm. The Pontypridd and Abercynon Fire Brigades were promptly on the scene, and succeeded in putting out the conflagration—not, however, before a valuable quantity of hay had been ruined. On Sunday a similar fire occurred near the Berw Road, Pontypridd. This rick was the property of Mr Hawkins, wholesale butcher, of Pontypridd. About half the hay was saved. i)BIT-LTARY.-WO regret to announce the death of Mr John Griffiths, which took place at a nursing home in Cardiff on Wednesday. Mr Griffiths, who was manager of the Abercynon Workmen's Hall, was well known and highly respected throughout the neighbourhood. Our sympathy is extended to his family. "NIGHTINGALES" V. YNYSYB\YI>—The Aber- cynon Nightingales played their fourth match of the season on the home Recreation Ground la.st Saturday, against Ynvsybwl. The game was a good one, and by a surplus of 18 runs at the close the Nightingales maintained their unbeaten record for the season. The most not- able feature of the .match was the really good trundling of Will Evans and H. Bates, whose wizardey with the ball was responsible for the huge number of "ducks" that graced the scoring card The scores were —Abercynon Nigbting- ales--Ch,axle,s Ewington, b Llew Williams, c G. Evans, 0; George Venn b Williams 5 Bert Ew- ington b Williams 0; H. Bates b Williams 19; Gethin Brisland (captain) b Evans 10; Jack Nic- kory b Williams 0; Will Evans, run out, 7; Jack Ewington, c Elias, b Williams 2; Gomer James b Evans 1; Cyril Brisland, not out, 1; Harry Matthews b Williams 0; extras 7; total 52. Ynysybwl-LJew Williams b Will Evans 8; A. Smith, b Bates 0; E. Morgan b Evans 8; Th. Evans c and b Evans, 5; Th. Thomas, c and b Bates 4; Th. Watkins b Bates 0; R. Rasbridge b Bates 0; J. Bleddyn b Evans 0; Dick Rees b Evans 3; E. Lloyd b Bates 0; J. H. Elias, not out, 0; extras 6; total 34.
"PROPAGANDA, NOT PROFIT," is the motto of the Pioneer Press." If you are alive to the tremendous social improve- ments that the Party the Pioneer represents stands for, them it is your duty to aill that all your Trades Union, Co-amerative, and I General Printing comes to W. i s Square, Merthyr the Home ef the." Pioneer." Merthyr General Hospital. THE HALF-YEARLY MEETING of the JL GOVERNORS of the MERTHYR GEN- ERAL HOSPITAL will be held in the COUNCIL CHAMBER, in the TOWN HALL, on THURS- DAY, AUGUST 10, 1916; at half-past seven o'clock in the evening, to receive the Half- yearly Report, the Half-yearly Statement of Accounts, the Half-yearly Medical Report, and transact any other business. (Signed) WILLIAM GRIFFITHS, Chairman; EDWARD EDWARDS, Secretary. July 31, 1916.
Marxian Economics. COMMODITIES. I By J. B. ALLEN. I The faithful few had gathered once again at I the I.L.P. local headquarters. Comrades," said Billy; "you remember on the last occasion we had a chat concerning the use-valu,e and exchange-value of a commodity. If I remember rightly, when we dispersed we had discovered that that which is common to all commodities and which causes exchange bet- ween them, or rather makes exchange possible, is that they are embodiments of human labour." "Yes," interjected Moses; "I've made some notes, and you promised to explain what kind of labour." I should have stated," continued Billy, that the kind of labour we are about to dis- cuss makes exchange possible and likewise makes commodities bearers of value. When we say a watch is worth a bike,' we mean the value in the watch is equal to that in the Got that?" We have shouted the company, Now listen," proceeded Billy. "T'he labour which creates value which is that something that is common to all commodities is called so- cially necessary labour.' Explain what yo. mean," exclaimed W.T., cleaning his glasses. That is," said Billy, the labour socially necessary which is required to produce an article under normal conditions of production prevail- ing at the time." Is this what you mean?" asked Stanley. If it were individual labour time which deter- mined the value of an article, it would mean that the slowest and most incapable workman would produce an article possessing more value than the man who made a similar one in half the time, he being a quick and skilful crafts- man "You are on it," answered Billy. Since the magnitude of value in a commodity is determin- ed by the quantity of labour in it, it follows that if individual labour measured value, the slowest workman employing obsolete tools would add the most value." I see it," shouted Moses, unable to con- strain himself. "The wheelbarrow you have made took you a week to make, because you are not a carpenter by trade, and the few tools you possess are of little use; therefore for you to be amply paid for this barrow you naturally ought to have P-2 for it. But seeing one wheelbarrow can be made by a skilled workman in a.bout one da.y we can purchase one for about 10/- we'll say. Therefore the labour time that society says is necessary for the production of a bar- row is not a week, but one day." Well done, Moses," cried t'he company. Your grasp of Economics is becoming amaz- ing." When the tumult had subsided and Billy was able to make himself heard he said "The labour time socially necessary to produce a barrow is at the present one day of ten hours, but who knows, a machine may be invented which will shorten this time yet again, and then one bar- row may be produced in five hours. This new time will then become the time socially necessary to produce a barrow. Furthermore," proceeded Billy. "If a barrow is made in 10 hours and a table is knocked together in the same time, we say these articles are of the same value, and will therefore exchange. Commodities, there- fore which contain the same amount of labour or are produced in the same time contain the same value." Wait a tick!" shouted W.T. Value is that something which is common to all com- modities. Before we said that human labour was the common attribute to all commodities. Now- Yes," interposed Billy, "since socially ne- cessary labour is contained in all commodities, and this socially necessary labour alone is the creator of value, it is one and the same thing to say all commodities contain socially necessary labour, and all commodities contain value." Put it this way," exclaimed Stanley. "Va- lue is congested or materialised labour." Good!" shouted the company. "We can remember it bv that name." Do you not see?" explained Billy, how the relation of all workers is seen by their products? The worker is governed by his com- modity. The exchanging of the numerous com- modities on the markets, both nationally and internationally, convinces us of the identity of all labours irrespective of craft or station. The exchange tells us it is the same kind of labour that is contained in all commodities, and to that kind of labour we apply the term value. Therefore value is purely a social relation. The term value tells us that all workers engaged in producing commodities enter into a distinct so- cial relation. Half a Tnol I" shouted W.T. "I think I can upset your Marxian theories of the identity or equality of all labour. I am a mason; a skilled artisan, having served a long period of apprenticeship—-I—I mean I am not a farm- house mason. Now, do you mean to tell me that the labour of an unskilled man is equal to my labour?" You have risen a bogey," repiied Billy. Skilled labour is merely simple labour intensi- fied. A quantity of skilled labour is equal to a greater quantity of unskilled labour. And I'll prrove it. A motor-car is the product of I highly skilled labour, but cannot this motor-car exchange with so many cwts. of potatoes P Gar- dening is largely considered unskilled labour, yet the illustration I used tells us that a quan- tity of this simple labour can exchange with a definite quantity of higher skilled labour P" I see the point now," retorted W.T. "I therefore must not think I am superior to the chap that carries the mortar to me." I want, Comrades," said Billy, to point out a pecularity of commodities. Do you agree with me that all commodities in so far as they all contain a quantity of value, are equal?" Yes," exclaimed the company. Now, then," answered Billy; whilst com- modities are equal, they are at the same time different. Take the watch and the bicycle. As use-values they are very different. The watch is the product of a definite form of a particular kind of labour, namely, watch-mak- ing. This is also true of the 'bike.' In this repect they are clearly different. The particular kind of labour which produces different commo- dities is called concrete labour. You see they must be different, or they would not exchange. A watch will not exchange for a watch. But when they exchange we see a different form of labour. No longer concrete but abstract. In exchange commodities, so to speak lose their particular form of concrete labour, and we only see that form of labour in which they agree which is termed abstract labour." I suppose," interjected Stanley, concrete and abstract labour is what Marx called the two-fold character of labour." Yes," answered Billy, Marx was the first to discover and examine this two-fold character of labour. Now, gentlemen, this talk has per- haps been very dry. Of course, Economics has been tabulated as a dismal science. If you chaps will only stick we will reach a point in Marx which possibly appeal's more interesting. We are now doing the spade work. Hang on a bit, and you will be rewarded for your patience." What will you deal with next?" asked W. T. "If you will come along next week," replied Dilly "we will explain away many of the, mysti- cisms of gold acting as money. In general we will show how it arose and how it functions." [Seeing that these talks are of a brief char- acter, and the subject so deep, it is possible that many who are anxious to obtain a grasp of Marx would like a little further enlighten- ment. If this be so, any who care to make inquiries can do so by enclosing a stamped ad- dressed envelope.-—Editor.]
z I Hirwain Miners' Victory. DOMESTIC COAL AT REDUCED RATES. For a period ranging over 30 years the miners of Hirwain have been deprived of the facility of getting coal for domestic purposes at cheap rates, although they were daily toiling on the coal and receiving about 2/6 per ton for hew- ing it, they had to pay about 35/- per ton for their household use. For many years the men tried to get redress. In July of last year an agitation was vigorously taken up. The men decided to put 14 days' notice in, but before ta- king *hat action they took the, matter to the, District and to the Executive Council. The leaders took to the matter with a good heart, and sent Mr Noah Ablett to Hirwain to inves- tigate the, matter. Information was given him by the local workmen's representatives. Then the matter was placed before Mr G. R. Ask with of the Board of Trade, with the result that this week we have been informed that the Bute is to grant house coal to their workmen at the rate of 8/- per ton, plus 1/- haulage to the place, and 9d per mile extra for an outstanding distinct. I Delegate's Instructions. At a meeting held at the Victoria. Hall on Friday, July 28, the miners instructed Mr Gwilym Richards (the Minimum Wage Agent), who was the delegate to the Miners' Conference at Cardiff on August 1, to vote for three days' holidays in protest against the action of the Government in taxing the workers and also in protest against the Board of Trade conceding to the coalowners an increased price of 2/6 per ton for coal above the 4/- provided in the Price of Ooal Limitations Act.
The Electric Theatre. Although our office thermometer agrees with the daily papers as to the temperature of the past week being the greatest we have experienc- ed for about three years now, I was glad to no- tice that the houses at the Electric this week had not been unduly adversely affected. I have said many laudatory things about the Electric programme of recent weeks, and here was tangible evidence to bear out the truth of all I have .said. This week the main items have been of more than ordinary attraction— as indeed I have come to look for from all Electric programmes now. The three reel Trans-Atlantic special which headed the prog- ramme during the first half of this week—"The Cry of the First Boi-ril'-was a, story quite away from the ordinary run. both in conception, dra:rÏlatjc intfrest. and staging. The producers know they had a good thing ih this story of Hawaii and they spared neither care nor ex, pense. in producing it in the very best possible manner. The story was played m Hawaii, am- idst natural surroundings, and thereby its own SWeet delightfillness was considerably enhanced. Episode 11 of The Diamond from the Sky was justa. engrossing even in hot weather— as those sensational chapters that have preceded it. The Face in the Moonlight," the big special attraction for these last three days, has an unusual interest just now when interest in Continental militarism is so acute, and when Napoleon has never been so keenly studied as to day- "The Face in the Moonlight" is a story of Napoleonic conspiracy, and has all the breeze arid glamour that is associated with the period of Nelson and Wellington. It is to the France and Britain of the Buonapartist terror a pic- ture that throbs with the heroic qualities and breathless interest that Baroness D'Orczy has wrapped around the Revolutionary period in her "Scarlet Pimpernel" novels." It is an excell- ent picture full of the romance of history, and Robert Warwick is quite in his element as the chief character. "Greed y too, is unusually gripping in its intensely strong story of the struggle with the Copper Trust, showing the laying of the dynamite trap by the Copper King who, however meets his own deserved doom. The Girl of Lost Island" episode — Backed bv the Na.vy"-is one of the strongest chapters so far published of this absorbingly interesting Pathe serial As a special holiday attraction for next week the Electric have booked that wonderful boy so- prano-.J ellkin Whiting triple Eisteddfod win- ner-who is to sing to illustrated slides right through the week. Jenkin Whiting is without doubt one of the best known of the younger Welsh vocalists, and I am told that his selec- tions and his pictures are beyond the cavil of the most hypercritical. In a music-loving centre such as Merthyr is, there should be crowded houses all next week. There will be a complete change in his programme as from Thursday; and, of course, a big budget of the very best pictures on the world's markets. Taken all round next week's programme promises to es- tablish a new record in local cinematography, one as distinct as the original visit of the talk- ing pictures here. In particular I would call attention to the interest that centres in next week's instalment of "Greedd," when the In- surance Trust is to be the subject, and during which the hero is trapped in an air tight vault. How he escapes and wins his way ag- ainst the Insurance King must be seen. PLAYGOER.
Mr. Oockeray and His unties. (To the Editor of the PlONEElt.) Dear bir,—Will you permit me to reply briefly, to me letters 01 Key. VV. Rees and Air U. J. Williams? I'he Jtev. W. Rees is, 1 believe, an aged minister: as such he is entitled to the utmost kindness and respect. But may 1 suggest that lie so much on one point that he forgot the second point ,a,nd the conclusion. lie has shown eloquently that the oificial represen- tatives oi religion have often defended wrong causes. bureiy the second point is that they have more often defended right causes, and the conclusion that tares are everywhere am- ong the WhLCat." A love ol alliteration caused Mr Rees to speak of me as the divine Dockeray; 1 assure Mr Rees that I am very human. Mr D. J. Williams grasps the idea of my letter better than the others. He sees my point: that the interest of the mass of men stand before the interest of a few. That solid good (moral, spiritual and physical) should take the place of illusion; that available and present good is better than impossible hopec,. In replying to this, the general tenor of Mr Williams' letter is that my attitude approaches the time-serving spirit. We must. he would say stand with the minority and keep our eyes on the idea. This is certainly half the truth, and Mr Williams will agree with me when I add the other half. It is true that we must stand with the mino- rity. But we must stand with the minority for the sake of the majority. Christ died alone, but He died for the world. It is also true that our eyes must be on the Future Ideal, but. the future ideal must equip us to serve the present. The Great Idealist said "The Kingdom of God is among you." As, a test this truth He said, "Go and tell John what ye see." Thus the. test is: Does our isolation serve our brethren? Does our ideal serve the present? My fear is that the Democratic campaign as at present conducted does not serve our brethren nor the present age? Indeed, I am convinced that there 1-; a serious danger of doing our that there C, a serious dange?r of doing our It is this conviction which has compelled me to speak. Let mo say again that I am not an opponent of abstract political Socialism. That must be tried by the test of time and experi- ence. I deplore the spirit in which the cam- paign is conducted, and fear its immediate re- sults.—Yours sincerely. I ,Jnly 23, 1!H6. W. DOCKERAY. July 23, 1916.
Mr. Macdonald at Blaenavon and Pontypool. it was on a stony hill side, under a blazing sun, that Mr Ma-cdonald addressed the comrades at Blaenavon on Sunday last. His audience might be termed a scriptural one—for while there were a large number of Socialist sheep sitting in front of him, there was also a crowd of literal goats standing round them. In his opening remarks, Mr Macdonald com- pared the enforced open-air meetings of to-day "rith the old religious gatherings, when persecu- ted sects met on the bill sides, because they were denied the use of churches or other buil- dings. He then proceeded to deal in a brilliant and masterly manner with the position of the I.L.P. in relation to the war. His dciqrice of immediate preparation for negotiation was un- answerable, Although many in the crowd did not agree with our point of view, they gave Mr Macdonald a fair and uninterrupted hearing, reserving their questions until the end of the meeting. Then some of the supporters of the orthodox party asked a great many question, and the crowd gradually edged in closer and closer while the speaker patiently explained the points over and over agawi. The meeting finally had • o be broken up for lack of time to continue. The audience seemed prepared to stay all night if they could get their doubts solved. It was a most valuable and interesting meeting-more valuable than a meeting composed entirely of 1 hose already in sympathy with the I.L.P.. could possibly be. The meeting was presided over by Mr Plaisted, ajd Mr Cook (of Blaenavon) spoke in his usual able manner. He is rapidly becoming famous for his calm, reasoned, strong utterances, and Blaenavon is lucky to have him in their branch. The Pontypool comra,des were fortunate in being allowed to use a large pavilion at Pontnewynydd. A fine audience, again largely composed of people not in sympathy with us, met for the evening meeting. Again Mr Mac- donald was given a hearing, although the ques- at, the (?,ncl in. their (. tioners, at the end, in their eagerness. gave Mr Winstone (who was in the chair) a little trouble. The Male Voice Party sang under the conductorship of Mr Barry, of Blaenavon, whose little daughter recited admirably at both afternoon and evening meetings. It was at great personal trouble that Mr Macdonald addressed these meetings, but his sacrifice of time and strength was greatly appreciated by the two branches he so generously helped; and he certainly reached a large number of outsiders M. P. —— P-
Soldier's Wife. SERIOUS MERTHYR CHARGE. [ A soldier s wife, Maud xJorton, living in Francis Street, Bargoed, was charged at Mer- thyr Police Court on Friday last with obtaining by false pretences 7 guineas from the Secretary of State for War. Mr G. F. Forsdike, Cardiff, instructed by the Director of Public Prosecutions prosecuted, and Mr J. Evans (Bargoed) defended The Prosecuting Solicitor said that defendant, as the wife of a soldier, received 12/6 a week separation allowance respecting herself and children. She had the custody of two children .v of two (?. h i l ?h-en named Kelly, whose father was also in the Ar- my. Kelly and his wife had lived apart. Defen- dant instead oi applying for an allowance for the Kelly children, for whom she would receive 12/- a week, represented herself as Mrs. Daisy Kelly, and in that name drew a guinea a week at the Deri Post Office. Meanwhile at the Bar- goed Post Office she was obtaining an allow- ance for herself and her own children under her proper name. The defence was that Mrs. Horton received the money with the authority of Mrs. Kelly, who was defendant's sister, and was now in New Zealand. Mr R. A. Griffith (Stipendiary): You are one of a large number of people who have ta- ken advantage of this war to rob the country right and left. I do not believe for a moment you did this innocently. Defendant: I did, sir. The Stipendiary: No. no; do not say that. To send the woman to prison would be to dis- grace the children and the father fighting for his country. Fining her would hurt the family financially. Accordingly, she will be bound over for 12 months.