SMALL PREPAID ADVERTISEMENTS. One In- Three In- Six In- sertion. sertions, sertions. s. d. s. d, B. d. 20 words 0 6 1 0 1 9 cO words 0 9 1 6 2 9 10 words 1 0 2 0 3 6 40 words 1 3 2 6 4 6 60 words 1 6 3 0 Õ 6 In all c ses the Name and Address are counted as part of the Advertisement. These prices apply only to Advertisements orderea for consecutive insertions and which are prepaid. Trade Advertisements are inserted under the Heading Personal at 9d. per line. All Advertisements should be posted to the Office on or before Monday. Medical. OJ-PAGE BOOK ABOUT HERBS AND (;41 HOW TO USE THEM, post free. Send for one. TRIMNELL, THE HERBALIST, 144 RICHMOND ROVD, CARDIFF. Established 1879. Literary. tJNITARIAN PAMPHLETS on "The Bible," ?' "Heaven," and Hell," given post free.—Miss BARMBY. Mount Pleasant, Sidmouth A N Educative Percentage Book for Miners ?jL and Colliery Clerks, post free 6d E. EVANS, 38 Church Street. Penydarren, Merthyr. Situations Vacant. "IT 7" ANTED. TRAVELLER for CREDIT DRAPERY ineligible trade experi- ence not essential.—Box 10, PIONEER Offi. MisceHaneoJis ASTROLOGY. Life events, changes, for- A. timate days, business success, matri- mony two years' future added; send tirth date, 1/- P.O. PROF. GOULD, "The Nook," HeathMd Road, C?rdiS. GRAMAPHONE Exchange and Book Store. GBargains for the Reading and Musical; Records 10d., or exchange 2d.—8 PARK PLACB, Merthyr. ENLARGEMENTS from Photos co-loured and JLLt framed, complete, 8/ or weekly pay- ments in Oils, 15/—Permanent Address: 8 PARK PLACE, Merthyr. 1\ r ADAME EVERSLEY, the well-known Psyfrhio and Phrenologist, 8 Park Place, Merthyr (near Theatre). A consultation is a revelation; marvellous success; excellent testi- monials.
I Blackwood Educational Class. The above class held its usual weekly iiieet.irg n Tuesday night, May 9th, when Mr. Syd ( J oneK gave as the subject of his lecture. The Three Chief Historical Stages in the Deveiop- ment of Human Society," namely, savagery, ,.barharism, and civilisation. Starting with sav- agery, Mr. Jones graphically explained that be- tween the savage and the animal there did not exist a great amount of difference, owing to the fact that in the continual hunt for the neces- saries of life the savage had not any time at his dispos.al for leisure study, while it is a fact that practically the greater number of the savages existing at the present day have no powers of abstraction. They did not know in the savagery of the olden times anything about property; in fact, a man did not know his own son or daughter, so that the offspring were always traced from the mother hence there existed a system of matriarchy, or mother rule. To study the human mind it is necessary to start from below; hence's man's perceptions of his environments and how he tried to utilise them to his own advantage have brought us to our present day state of civilisation. In barbaric slavery was iiece?isaj- ,y times, or the 'dark ages, slavery was necessary .as an economic factor in social progress. Through slavery there arose a class of people who had plenty of leisure time to study science, while the most powerful men were those who had the greatest amount of cattle, etc., such -as Abraham. Solomon, and other Bible heroes. Practically everything was attributed to re- ligion, and we read of men talking about the Ends of the Earth," which shows that astro- nomy and the sciences were in a crude elemen- tary state. From this we judge that man's oon- "ceptions of natural phenomena were in a very crude state owing to the fact that the priests and prophets attributed everything that hap- pened, such as wars, plentiful harvests and blights, to the gods or God. Religion has, and always will be, the stumbling block to social progress, but gradually it is being undermined 'by scientific facts, and proof of this is the faet that practically no more than one-seventh of the people attend churches at the present time. After the lecture there was an excellent dis- cussion, which, from the observer's point of view. is proof that the class has already assimi- lated much of the subject (industrial history) that they have set out to study. All communi- cations and applications for membership should "be addressed to the secretary. Mr. J. Oakley, -40 William Street, Blackwood, Mon.
The Editor' s Appeal. "Shilling Fund. s. d. .J as. Pascoe. 2 6 Jclris T. Davies (Aberbargoed) 6 0 Twomev (Swansea) ] 0 WIn Prosser 5 0 •South Pit No. 1 42 0 E, Williams, AberdaM 50 0 106 6 hare Capital. -J?ck Williams 2 6 L c r 't I Jal11,<; loyd Griffiths 5 0 7 6
The Electric Theatre. I We are continually seeing films of outstand- ing merit at the Electric Theatre, and among them one of the begb is a 5-reel drama entit- led "His Worship the Mayor," which was shown last night, and will be shown to-day and to-morrow and judging by the reception it is likely to be a big draw. It is a noteworthy Production. aad likely to capture the interest •and enlist the sympathies of every audience that sees it. The incidents occur in a se- quence and after a fashion such as they are likely to do in real life, and a film which is -able to convey this impression insist needs be a fairly accurate reflex of the emotions, pas- sions. and frailties of human nature. The story is simple, yet convincing, and is presented in a thoroughly natural style; every point is made to tell; there is iao overloading of detail; the main incidents are made to stand right out, and by the deftest of touches contrast in a remarkable way with situations of minor importance. "His Worship the Mayor" should be seen by all picture goers, and we recommend it as a film at high lfavour. On Monday next, a special announcement must be made Sally in our Alley"-a ten- tier love story written round one of the most famous old-English songs. Those who remember England's greatest tenor, Sims Reeves, recall With pleasure his singing of the delightful old ballad. It is produced by Larry Trimble, the producer of "My Old Dutch," etc. The words of the song merely serve as an inspiration for what is unquestionably a very sweet and wholesome story. There is a quiet restfulness and complete absence of straining after effect In "Sally in our Alley," which is quite a wel- come change to the ordinary sensational and dramatic subject that so largely occupy cinema screens at the present day. There is a note of simplicity intensely human in its appeal in this beautiful song film that will touch the hearts of all who see it. It breathes love and tenderness of domesticity and unselfishness and chivalry in a way that is quite refreshing. Those of us who witnessed "Mv Old Dutch" will remember the closing scene as the coster passes down the vale. Sally" has a similar ftect-the hero and heroine ascending "Life's hill" together. On Thursday next The Nightbirds of Lon- don." a thrilling and powerful drama, will be lhown, written by George R. Sims2 and pro- duced by the Hepworth Manufacturing Co., of London. It is in four reels, and contains enough sensation in the first to what we usually see in five and six reelers. Stewart Rome, Chrissie White and Violet Hopson—"stars" which need no comment names alone, which is sufficient proof of the qaulity of the film. Mr. Bowen announces that on Thursday he has secured the longest Topical yet shown, of the Sinn Fein Revolt. Among the interesting scenes depicted are —Dublin before the re- olt; Phoenix Park; Parade of Sinn Feiners at drill; Scenes at the Post Office; Sharp- shooters who accounted for many snipers; Lewis Gun in action. Everyone should make an ,effort to visit the Electric next week. "The Second Mrs. Tanqueray," by Sir Arthur Pin- ero, with Sir George Alexander's first appear- ance on the screen, will be coming along very soon. A Diamond from the Sky," a new serial marvel put out in 30 chapters of two reels each. Every episode is a distinct "star" on its own. We shall have something further to say about this shortly. Pathe's great serial is also booked, entitled "Girl in Lost Island." We might mention that there is an exclusive comedy to be shown on Monday, A Pair of Birds," in which America's greatest and lat- ,est comedians appear. See this r it's the big- gest scream on earth.
Children Next. I By THOMAS THOMAS. I" In the Spring a fuller crimson comes upon the robin's breast; in the Spring the wanton lapwing gets him- self another crest; j 11 the Spring a lovelier iris changes on the hiii-nish(i dove; In the Spring a young man's fancy lightly in ",lie Spqlll, thoughts of love." Spring, and the merry month of May Nature is pulsating with gladsome new life. Sparrows chirrup merrily their vernal welcome, and from the coppice yonder ascends a chorus of sweet melody, each feathered ngste'r warbling the song of love to its mate. Trees are putting forth new leaves; plants are" bursting into blos- som—everywhere are signs of awakened life, of the joys of Spring. But. alas! To her fair works did Nature link The human soul that through me ran; And much it grieved my heart to think What man has made of man." While sweet melody emanates from the throat of Nature, man, the supreme creature work of the Imnipotent, revels in discordant war whoops. Instead of songs to Nativity we have requiems for the dead. Instead of the young man's fancy lightly turning to thoughts of love, he is called upon to walk in the valley of the shadow of death, to drown the clamour of his youthful instincts in an ever-flowing tide of military aggrandisement, and to trample his inborn desire for youthful gaiety beneath the Juggernaut of the military machine. Instead of being satisfied with the victims already sacrificed to the rapacious maws of militarism, children of 18 and married men must also be offered to appease the appetite of this insatiable monster. Ah f the tender flesh of inexperienced youth will be a delicious morsel to this vampire. Young men on the threshold of life must become soldiers to save the skin of elderly patriots whose patriotism is as shallow as their pretensions are dishonest. It is absolutely criminal to use compulsion on persons absolutely unfit by years, inclination and temperament, when there are so many willing patriots who are anxious to defend their country, but who ftfre barred by their age. The way these elderly daro-devils speak of the duties of youth, of the glories of war. and of the necessity for Conscription is a delight to the ear; and were the Government to in- crease the age limit in their present compulsory measure nothing, assuredly, would please these men better, for it is their perpetual regret that they are not young enough to shoulder a rifle, although many of them could easily pass for 40 years of age. But having a high sense of morality, they cannot think of going to the recruiting office and passing themselves off as younger than they really are. I don't think! So the young man must go; the youth who is looking forward to some of the pleasures of life which the bellicose civilian has tasted in full. The youth who is just beginning to repay the loving care expended on him by his par- ents He must go. Mr Lloyd George and Lord Northcliffe have decided that he must join the colours, and their will to-day is as the laws of tho Medes and Persians. The married man, .too, he must go, although he deserves no sympathy. He has stood idly by indifferent to the protests of the single man; he has even advocated Compulsion for the unmarried, now, his turn has come. The mills of militarism grind exceedingly small. No man can escape its meshes once it is allowed full liberty of action. The miner, through his Union, be- lieves himself safe, and rests contentedly by while his follows are being ground in the ma, chine. The over-41 man smiles, witfi serenity believing himself immune from the peril envelo- ping his younger fellow-man; but, let these men beware, militarism has a terribly long reach, and their acquiescence now will be the justifica- tion for their sacrifice in the immediate future. "The Wizard of Wales has said that vic- tory depends on a full measure of Mfctary Compulsion, and with his siren voice and allur- ing eloquence he has mesmerised his emotional and thoughtless fellow-countrymen into sanc- tioning this iniquity. Verily, Mr Lloyd George's action i-n the Clyde area, and his despotism towards Trades Unionists give a semblance of insinoertty to his public harangues. Whether he be sincere or not in his views on general compulsion to enforce children of IS into the maelstrom of militarism wfll be a discreditable thing to do. ■ How often has the British Press sneered at the Germans for permitting young lads to face the nerve-shattering exper- ience of modern trench warfare? And now we are prepared to out-German the Germans bv enforcing youths against their inclinations— a crime to which the Hun has not yet stooped. Mr Lloyd George may hypnotise his audience by hts rhetoric, but it will require more than emo- tional oratory to convince sane thinkers that British interests can only be assured by the immolation of immature youths, and indeed, with the knowledge that, a voluntary .system of recruiting has produced upwards of 5 million. men, the country needs something more than mere declamation to justify any form of Mili-' tary Compulsion. When the first Compulsory Bill was mooted, Mr Asquith pledged his word that an extension of the measure would not be countenanced. Ho even went so far as to promise his resig- nation from the Government sooner than ba a party to General Conscription; but, it seems, that with all our boasted aversion to Prussian- ism, we easily fall victims to the vices of that nation. Pledges to Belgium are considered sacred but pledges to the British nation are treated with the levity of "worthless scraps of paper." German vices have become a pat- tern for British emulation; German virtues (and they have a few) are ignored. And our prescient Labour leaders, who, at the Trades Union Congress at Bristol, sagely aver- red their determination to withstand any more encroachments of the militarists on the liberties of the people-where are they now? The word has gone forth that General Compulsion is a military necessity, and without questioning the veracity of the demand, they have conceded the claim. And these be your Gods, oh I ye Israel! Spring I Alas Sad is the spring time of youth in this present year of our Lord 1916. The shadow of a gloomy December hovers around them, and the joyous song of hope, of youth-has become a melancholy dirge. Surely, with all the young men already in the forces, the few remaining lads of 18 could be exempt? It will be an inhuman act to force lads of this age into the service; it will be the last act in the tragedy of Conscrip- tion. That they wan't be called into active tion. That they wa, service until they reach 19 will be small con- solation. The evil lies in taking them away from the paternal roof before they have pro- perly matured; taken from college, or craft when in the process of learning to become useful citizens. But Mr Lloyd George says they must go, and to question his right is to expose onesself to the crime of lese-majesty. Hail, Caesar I
Tonyrefail Notes. I Compulsion for All, Considerable commotion was created this last week among the married class by the news of the introduction of the Compulsion Bill for unattested married men. The yoke of mili- tarism is fast burdening the people, especially7 the working class. The people will one of these fine days have a rude awakening irom their apathy. Then they will reiterate Mr Lloyd George's cry Too Lffce" Already the feeling amongst the women is highly strung at the thought- of their husbands being taken away from them. House Coal Grievance. The house coal question is again brought to the notice of the workmen of Cileily Colliery. The haulage contractor has posted on the pit- head an appeal to the workmen for arbitration of the grievance. An Appreciation. I Last Saturday (May 6) Mr Vernon Harts- horn expounded in the "South Wales Daily ',?oiit h Wa l ,,?s D ailN,, News" the National Wages Board. It is to be hoped that he will continue to explain and elicit the proposed scheme. Success and support to the proposed scheme would be more speedily attained if he would write through the organs of the rank and file as well as in other papers. Forging Aehad. It is pleasing to learn that of late Mr Phil Jones scored another success as a singer. He is already popularly known locally. Thts latest adds to nis many laurels. I ldwal Wiiiiams in Cardiff. We learn that Idwal Williams, who is de- tained in the guard room at the Cardiff Bar- lacks, awaiting court-martial, is in the best of spirits, and is istib—if not, more—determined than ever to persist in the stand he has taken against militarism and for conscience sake. It seems absurd that the authorities should take such a co-urse m attempting to force such against their beliefs, when there are plenty who have no such objections. Those who "know Williams know him to be a strong personality, and admaie his courage and sincerity, even if then- beliefs are diametrically opposed. It is to be hoped that the Government will meet such objectors on a more common-sense policy. Singin.g Festival. I The annual singing festival of the Welsh Baptists of il onyrefaij and District was heJd in Ainon feA-iapei on Monday last. The choir was 'f- L,, e choir was made up of members of two Sunday schools- lonyrefad and PejM-hiwfer. The following tunes, apart from the children's tunes, were rendered ver- enectively:—" GwinMan" "Mawl" "Ty- nant, and Al,?)e,l-p,orth"' being a -t j le. l attei- b-e i iio, Lt composition by Dr. T. D. Edwards, of Treh?Ti.s. The anth6ru,,? ii,c?i-e Praise Ye the ir jord (. 1. Gabriel), '??? yw ein Brenhin" (W. Georgo),alld "Gweddi ? Arglwydd" (Dr. FW?? T1 6 'endenng of these was admirable. The audiences were very large at the three meetings, and the quality of the singing was up to the average high standard reached in foimer festivals. The conductor for the occa- sion was Mr J. Oweit Tones, Musical Bachelor, of Whitohurch Oatfdiff. He showed ability to command the attention of tli4 choir, which res- ponded well to his instructions. A few re- marks on the work done were made by the Rev. Thomas Thomas and Mr. John Morgan, Porth. On Sunday, during the united rehear- sial the Rev. Daniel Jones gave a short ad- dress. In this he iid that music tends to unite us m harmony. What if such a unity to-day? °^ren the different nations of Europe to-day? ? The success of the festival is d? T? th« committee, of which Mr. William ? E. &Mat& thews ls the secretary, and the following leaders: Messrs. John H. Richards, L?is W. Ihoimas and I?wjs M. Thomas. P?rhiwfer. The accompanists for the day were Miss Gethin Evans; Thomastown, and Mr. Gwilv" m Morgan, Penrhiwfer. Pioneer Debates. -1 At the last Pioneer League meeting, Mr. E. O. Jones read a delightful and intellectual p.a.p?r on "Leo Tolstoy and his work." Mem?rs of he Le?giM know that Mr. Jones leaves no Slto unturned to mak? his papers equally in- teresting and edifying. Those who were not present missed a treat. A Wrrection. I The Coed Ely S.W.M.F. Lodge have written to us denying in toto the assertions contained in our issue of April 22 and two following weeks. We are sorry if any statements contrary to the facts of tfe* case have been stated, and witl welcome an official, statement at any time.
Man or Mole? I I do not think the Mighty "Caster" Made me for slave and. Thorn's Master; He would not let such sad disaster Pass through His hand • Nor that He gave the'Cottar' Master All this fair land. Why am I doom'd by circumstances To grope in da.-I,- and gloomy trenches, And work with artificial lances Turn after turn Why Thomas swanks to balls and dances On what I earn? I do not think the Lord intended For me in earth to be demented, And for my bread to be depended On dirty coal. For had He so with me intended, I'd be a mole. Moles are gifted at their birth With implements to work the earth, Whilst I must pay, and more than worth, For tools to toil So that I may add to the worth Of Mother Soil. Fain would I be as birds that fly, So swiftly through the mystic oky, For they are free. Ah, me 1 whilst I rn;o, I whilst I Am but a slave! For lord made law bind you and I To mongering knaves. Come ye that g-aide the plough along; Come ye that work the wheels among; Come ye that drive the train along; Join hands with me, And let us march along with song To Liberty! MAN.FIELD. I
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Navvy Pat's Views. Pat was melancholy; there was no doubt of that. General talk was going on all round him, but he never attempted to take part in it till Sandy woke him up. 'Eallo I Pat; are ye in mournin' for your countrymen that's been shot tins week?" "Aye, aye! lad; sorry, sorry I am, an' me heart's bruk entirely. Ye see As- quith doesn't think has'n't got time to think ov the eentery an' a half ov oproosion that's made such divvilish hullabaloos possible in Ire- land. For a honderd an' fifty years or more Ireland has been under the British heel; her religion persecuted; her childer widout edica- tion unless they risked their sowl's salvation by larnin' ondher Protestant taitchers; her trades an' manufactures taxed out ov existence to benefit English trade the best produce ov her small holdings sold to feed the extravagance ov rack-rentin' landlords nothin' but spuds left for the tennant and his family; an' whin the spud crop failed for a cupple oy years an' famine was killin' men, women an' childer by the honderd a week, while shiploads ov the best produce was goin' to England to help them landlords to cut a dash, an' crowds ov starvin' families was evicted to make room for big farms for English an' Scotch farmers, an' the sight ov their starvin' families druv the starvin' men frantic, an' soldiers was sent to keep 'em quiet, an' they kep shooting their landlords an' gettih' hanged, an' transported, an' prisoned, yet thankin' God for ivry landlord shot in Tipperary, an' the landlords wanted to bo put on the game list so as they cud have the same purtection as the pheasants an' part- ridges, an' nobody allowed to shoot 'em widout a licence; an' Coercion Acks was passsed. an' the population fell from 8 million to 5 mil- lion. an' America got the best blood ov the owld counthry; an' whin Lord Salisbury got indignant at the persecution ov the Jews in Russia, a.n' wrote to the Tsar telling him to stop it, an' the Tsar wrote back to him; to stop persecutin' Ireland before he interfered wid other people's diversions, an' Salisbury had to shut up. Parnell began the '110 violence cam- paign among the Irish, an' Gladstone was ashamed that the rebels we the first to take up peaceable methods, an' Bfe interduced his Home Rule Bill, an' Chamberlain, the Carson ov that day, ratted from the Liberals and car- ried a crowd ov Liberals wid him into the Tory ttunp. an' owld Gladstone was defeated. An' Asquith's Home Rule Bill was opposed by Carsen, an' whin he found it was goin' to be passed in spite ov him, he raised an army ov volunteers an armed 'Gill', for which he cud have been shot or beheaded, even though his army nivver fired a shot. An' now this rebel chief has offered his rebel axi-ny to the Guvvernment it was raised to fight agin, an' wan ev our papers tells us Asquith has ac- cepted the offer, an' is goin' to suppress the Sinn Fein rebels wid the help ov the Oarsonite rebels. What a muddle Mebbee, ye think I'm romancin; but if ye do, just go to the Irish National Olub or the Hibernia Band Club, there's members in both that will gladly put ye in the way to get books where ye can read oy horrors an' atrocities committed in Ireland beyond any the Kaiser ivver dreaaned ov; an' if ye read, ye'll come to feelave wid me that the best way to end this burst up wud be to send Carson an' his army to the treaiches to swell the ranks ov the loy- al Irish who are givin' their lives in the cause ov liberty; to send wid them the best ov the captive rebels, the worst would want to go, too, if they had just a; month or two ov chokey wid Army Chaplains ov the proper faith to luk afther their spiritual interests. An' while ye're at reformin', just make John Redmand Irish Secretary an' don't bother wid Churchill, who has been mentioned for the job. Let the politicians lave the war to soldiers an' sailors, put a good splash ov green on the red, white an' blue, an2 malae England, Scotland and Wales a united nation, each section keepin' its own hearthston clean its own way. an' all standin' shoulder to shouder whin dalin' wid the rest ov the world, whether frinds or enemies. Lave the Sinn Fein to last as long as it is needed: it'll die naturilly whin Socialism is established. But "bother take it! One thing an' another is keepin' me off Soshalism altogether, an' here's Hartshorn comin' out strong to prove his right to high rank in the adult infancy class. "Here's the South Wales Daily ov May 3; just listen to this bit. Mr Hartshorn made some important statements on the application of the South Wales workmen for a 15 per cent. advance, and on the coalowners' counter de- mand for a 7t per cent, reduction. It had at first been decided by a maj ority of the Federa- tion Executive Council to ask for a 20 per cent, advance, and to fight for it if necessary, but afterwards, for the sole purpose ov avoid- in' industrial trubbles in these difficult times, it was resolved to fix the demand at a figure so moderate that it could not in reason be refused, and therefore the demand was 15 per cent. Holy Moses! repeatin' last year's blun- der whin they asked 12t per cent. instead ov 30, an' whin the owners afterwards asked for 5 per cent. reduction, calmly axed them to drop it, as they had dropped 17 £ per cent. at the settlement, an' got laughed at for their pains. Adult infants; why, every infant learns to know the differ between the teat ov the nursin' bottle an' that ov the irory ringed soother; but our infants keep the soother be- tween their gums an' give the milk to the coalowners I Drown the lot as ye do superflu- ous pups, an' for the same reason-it's costin' too much to rear 'em. Brace wance told us that our leaders' duty was to see that our demands were always within the bounds ov practicability, an' Mabon sang Don't overload the ship; don't ask too much, an' the plain English ov both is, Don't ask anything that won't release the coalowners. The Privy Council an' the Cabinet have coll- ared these, the most ponderous. sprags ivver shoved in the wheels ov our progress, an' it makes me wild to see that the small sprags they left behind are made ov the same stuff, follow the same policy, preach the same rubbish. Cast yer eyes on this column to the left ov the wan I've been radin' from. an' beginnin' just about level wid the end of Mr Hartshorn's speech, an' ye'll see Colliery Shares; steady rise in values; then follows a list ov shares that have risen in wan month from 65s to 79s; from £ 4 to C4 17s 6d; from £9 10s to £ 10 16s; from £6 5s to JE7 15s. Mr Hartshorn can see there the fruits ov his labours; can he show where we cum in? "Ye've had enuff ov 6th standard figgers flung at ye to make wan half ov ye able to beat the coalowners before the independent chairman; not only because the figgers proves our claims, but in opposin' them figgers they are bound to give ye chances ov drawin' 'em on to the question ov the capitalisin' ov their companies; an' if ye ivver get the chance ov meetin' them before that o,fficial I want ve to keep yer eyes open for capitalisation chances. for ivry chance will bring ye a 5 per cent gain or more if he grab it hard an' work it wid all yer steam. Here's a chalk drawin' ov capitalisation for ye. ABC and Co. opens a colliery, an' by the time it is in payin' form it's cost 'em £ 50,000. Coal runs high, an' their output is near the pit bottom, an' thev declare some splendid dividends. 50 to 75per cent. Then they float a new company XYZ l Co., Limited, to buy the colliery as a goin" concern from ABC & Co., capital £ 200,000 the price to be £100)000 fully paid up shares, the other £ 100,000 shares go on the market an' are bought up. ABC and Co. sell L50,000 of their shares. an' get back all they laid out. an' still hold £ 50,000 interest in the new company but the miners have to produce dividends on £ 2Q0,000 instead ov on £ 50,000 or there's trou- ble. This is a moderate picture; ye may have to find dividends on 10 or 20 times the real cash laid out in opinin' an' extendin'. Lord Rhondda said his collieries were not excessively capitalised; I'd like to know what excessively" means ? "lvell, there ye are; go i. an' win; an' watch out for ivry chance figger ye can catcli about capitalisation; note it down. index it for reference, an' in a year or two ye'd have en- uff to lay before the Government an' demand Nationalisation on the plea that the coal trade was now a gigantic gamble in which the miner is fos ced to find the stakes an' the owners, pocket the returns. J' ust take a squint at Hartshorn's finish: 'I hope that some day the men will refuse to hand over their important questions to th-, tender mercJfes of independent chairmen.' This is a piece of brazen adult infancy impudence, seeing that at the settlement our leaders ask- ed for the award which reduced our rate ov ad- vance from 7! to per cent per 1 that they admitted the owners were entitled to the 5 per cent. reduction, an' that they are now playin' the same game wid their demands, throwin' our money away an' blamin' the Chair- man.