Gardening Notes. LOGANBERRIES. N mv elm t this excellent fruit is becoming known, there is growing up an immense demand for it; and it is seldom that housekeepers can buy sufficient fruit of this variety at reasonable price, though tke berries can be most cheaply grown, as the plant is one of the strongest growing brambles. The very large fruit is of purplish red colour, and favours the flavour of both the raspberry an.d the blackberry. It is also very acid until properly ripened, when the Savour'Is just pleasantly acid. There are sev-I oral other berries of somew hat similar character -the best of them being the phenomenal berry, I produced by Luther B urbank but even t I ?l I'? is less productive and less lasting tham the l?o- sanberrv. Practically speaking, the plant will ?row in anv well-drained soils, thoÚgh it dOBs i not tht'ive so well when the subsoil is graveW In deep and rich loams it often bears well foif 14 or 15 years. Propagation can be easily ef- fected bv rooting the strongest tips in the au- tumn and only tips from specially productive plants should be grown, since many loganberries have been raised from seed, and the seed- lings differ widely from one another in pro- ductiveness, When grown for home use in the garden,, it is usual to train the plants on a wall or fence as a trailer. In any casa the plants must have good care during the first rear, in which they will not make very rapid" growth until the autumn comes. Pruning, so far as it fe yet understood, should consist me,rely of cutting out the old canes in July, or as soon as the fruit has been picked. The new shoots can then be trained out during autunaki in place of the- old ones. Leaving the old stems on the plant until winter simply encourages disease, without any corresponding advantage, Small berries are formed if the plants suiter from lack of water or manure and for this reason it is a good plan to heap up the soil somewhat above the roots. U, D to now, the plants have not been attacked by any trouble- some insects, though, of course, one can never say when they may be. Radish Culture.. Radishes .need quick and continuous grow Mi, and do best in fairly cool weather. They -e a very easy crop to grow and may be treated as a oompanion crop, which is to say, they may be grown oetween the lines of cabbages, peas, and other crops that mature later in the sea- son. Drilling is generally preferable, thougxi for home use the seeds can be broadcasted, pro- vided that the soil be clean and friable. The room should be ready for use in from four to six weeks after the seed is sown; and are bet- ter flavourod and more crisp if used while rela- tivelv small in size. Once rapid growth ceases the roots are apt to become bitteivand strin- o-y. It is a good plan to make frequently suc- oessiooal sowisgs, using hot beds in cold wea- ther. Radishes need a cool soil and situation in summer, and must have an abundance of water. They will not thrive in hard and dry -oil. Large seeds germinate better and more quickly than smaller ones. so that reliable seed firms'sift out the small seeds before selling their produce. Where only the large seeds are sown, the crop growl more uniformly. and maturity earlier. Almost any seed list will be found to contain "a good selection of lÓn ds. from which choice can be made according to the taste of the sower. Tomaiess in the Open Air. p In many parts of England excellent crops or tomatoes can be grown, in the open air if plants are set out when risk of frost is past in May. They require a good soil, rich in available nourishment, to ensure the best results and it is t 1, "?'' to give preference to the qmcKiy growm_ ot U, which are specially adapted for border bowing. Plants can De bought m pots or in small flat boxes, and those from pots are to bw preferred. Success depends very largely on getting stocky, vigorous plants, and on the selection of a warm, rich site upon which to grow them. Heavy applications of stable ma- nure do not seem desirable; and in any case are not of much use to tomatoes as this class of fertiliser gives up its fertility so slowly, The best plan is To use a soil that has been thoronghlv enriched by liberal applications of manure to previous crops or else by generous fertilisation with suitable artificial manures in early spring. A light application of nitrate or ( soda at about the time when the plants are set is very helpful indeed. Every plant should be trained to a single stem; supported on a cord or stalie and, when so managed, the plants may be set only 18 inches asunder in the rows. Pinching off the shoots tends to in- duce early bearing. What has been previously said must not be read as supporting the popular notion that manuring is not good for tomatoes. Liberal treatment is essential, but the food supplied must be in available form, so that the plants can use it during their snort period of growth iR the open. Thus, only thoroughly decayed stable manure is desirable fresh manure being of little value, and sometimes more harmful than beneficial. A certain number of green tomatoes is sure to ba feft on the vine when frost threatens and these can be picked and allowed to ripen in aii ,y dry close plaoe. There they generally de- velop both good colour and quality. The small unripe fruits may be used with advantage to make pickle, as they are an excellent basis for chutney. Two Beautiful Salvias. I Many of the salvias or sages are exceedingly beautiful garden flowers, and they are readily ve is,.d fro tt' n k s, o tihat fised from either seeds or cuttings; so that it is remarkable one does not see them more frequently. Their foliage is. too, ornamental, and in many cases agreeably perfumed. They grow to perfection in any ordinarily rich gar- den soil, and prefer a free exposure during sKnmer. Sulva parens is one of the best sorts, and at the same time one of the finest of old- > fashioned flowers. The blue colour of its flow- eTS is particularly intense and attractive. It is not quite hardy in some gardens, so that the roots may have to be wintered in a place that can be kept free from frost. Salvia splendens, of which splendid varieties can be grown from seed is the most brilliant of the samilv, and nofWing is better for giving a splash of glowing colour to the garden in the aiitumn., Autumn struck cuttings can be wintered under glass if desired, but for ordinary purposes it is better to rely on sowing seeds annually. Manurial Notes. Rich manures are more valuable than poorer ones, as their fertilising constituents are avail- able much earlier for the use of plants. This is much more'important than might at first sight seem to be the case, because plants bene- fit more from manure during their early stages of growth than they do at any other time. Low quality manures should be well rotted before being applied, as a general rule. This increases their availability, even if some loss of fertility occur. A unit of plant food in a highly con- centrated measure is worth more from the cause already mentioned than is a unit of plant food in a lower grade fertiliser. Exposure of manure to rainfalls washes much of its manurial value out of it. While manure is so necessary, it does not take the place of tillage, and it is better not to use manure in much excess of the needs of the plants, as it is simply wasted when this is done. E. KEMP TOOGOOD, F.L.S., F.R.Met.S., l pro Toogood and Sons, The King's Seedsmen, Southampton,
D.r. Horton atidfMUftary I Bullying. I Dr. Horton addressed the folowing letter to I the London Daily News," from whose columns we have reprinted it: Sir,—N ow that Compulsion is a fait accompli, and the Government demands fche" service of every man, may not the Government with an equal severity repress the barbarities which are apt to accompany a military regime P I beg you to print the following letter from D. S. Parkes, written from the detention cells, Rifle Depot, Winchester, while he was awaiting court martial: — When I arrived at Whitehall, and refused to give any information, stating my reasons (that I was a conscientious objector) I was placed in the guard room and informed that I should be shot at dawn for refusing to give information. After a talk with the sergeant of the guard, in which I was insulted and a bayonet placed at my heart, I was taken into the next room to be shot. A rifle was pointed at me, and then I was graci- ously pardoned." .For a time I was left alone and was dozing, when he came in with an- other soldier, who in course of conversation placed his hand over my mouth and threw me to the ground. The sergeant said he would shoot me, and I was taken into the next room. The rifle was loaded and he ordered the man to fire. After that I re- mained in the comfortless guard room until the next morning, when I was taken to Winchester. Ifc may be said that such treatment, is inevitable under military rule. It may even be argued that if the State has the right to force its citizens into the firing line, it clearly has the lesser right of testing the reality of conscientious ob- jections by bullying of this kind. No doubt a patriotic young Englishman would rather be threatened with execution by his fellow-countrymen, whom he naturally loves, than actually shot by Germans, whom he natu- rallv hates. Furthermore, we have all to make allowance for the excitable nerves which betray many of us into saying, doing and approving things I which two years ago would have seemed abomin- able to us. But when all allowance is made, it surely must be the wish of those who have put us under military authority to prevent as much of the barbarity as possible. Perhaps D. S. Parkes has not suffered in vain, if the good sense and nobler feelings of the British public make it impossible for the martinets of the barrack-room to perpetrate such outrages in the future. ROBERT F. HORTON. I Chesrls, Hampstead, May 4.
Bhghty ,I A NOVELTY IN WAR NEWSPAPERS. A soldiers' paper called "Blighty" is the newest development of the war. It is to be It present to our fighting men on land and sea, produced weekly, and sent free of charge to the I Fleet and the Army abroad. It will not be circulated at home, and therefore the propriet- ors of the leading humorous and illustrated papers have consented to tend their pictures and stories to it for ,re-printing, so that it will contain the cream of the Home Press. Its sub-title is Life and Laughter at Home" and it expresses its purpose. It will have no bad news, no dull news, no news of the war. or politics, or crime, or the City, or anything stupid. It will aim to have all the best pictures, and to tell all the best stories, with the aid of authors, journalists artists, ac- tors everybody who has a fannv story to tell or a marry messago to send to the North Sea or the Trenches. It has been invented because our boys are I short of reading matter, since paper got so scarce and dear, and the newspapers no lon- ger have tons of unsold copies to send to them. The Y.M.C.A, the Church Army, the Red Crosa Society. British and Foreign Sailors' Society, and the Post Office will give special help to en. able it to be well distributed, so that every battleship and every regiment may receive its share of copies. The paper will be about the I size of "Panch," It is managed by a Committee of Journal- ists, whose services, are given, gratuitously, but, money is wanted to pay for its production and postage to the Front. The paper and printing- I alone will cost about £ 300 a week, and a sum of £2000 is wanted to ensllre a good start, un- til an advertising revenue is established. Dona- tions should be sent to the Offices-30, 31 and 32 Fleet Street, London E.6I. Cheques made payable to "The Committee of Blighty," and crossed London and South-Western Bank, Every donor of £ 1 or more will receive a sou- venir copy, and can nominate a soldier or sailor to whom a personal copy will be sent weekly by post.
'Phone 597. 'Phone 597. I WILLIAM TRESEDER, Ltd. THB NURSERIES, CARDIFF. WREATHS, CROSSES, CUT FLOWERS, &c. BEDDING PLANTS. Asters, Stocks, Dahlias, Marguerites, Lobelia, &c. Tels TRESEDER, FLORIST, CARDIFF.
International Socialist Bureau. MANIFESTO OF THE EXECUTIVE COM- MITTEE OF THE AFFILIATED PARTIES. TIP HAGUE, 1st May, 1916. On the traditional day of the First of May, the working class manifest their desire for Peace. This is the 637th day of the world-war, and the workers, who find themselves compelled to fight against one another on the battlefields, represent in spite of all that class in society which will establish a world wherein right will be substituted for violence. Our constant action has never ceased to be inspired by that thought. From the statement made on behalf of the Executive Committee at the Dutch Socialist Congress recently held at Arnhem, you could see that we -have never for one moment ceased to fulfil, as far as lay in our power, the mission charged upon us by the International Congresses. We have maintained the links between the centre and the affiliated parties which, by the conferences of Copenhagen, London and Vi- ,en, London a, d Vi- enna, have testified to their fidelity to the guiding principles of our international resolu- tions. Ever since the commencement of hostilities, requests have reached us for a convening of the Bureau, but from the first, we replied that, even if it were a practical possibility to bring together a plenary meeting of delegates, it would still be neccessary to act with the consent and co-operation of all the parties concerned, some of which considered that the time had not yet arrived for such a meeting. This prudent attitude has exposed us to criticism. Impatient comrades have not hesi- tated to ignore the parties as at present con- stituted, and have attempted to introduce into the International those methods of dissolu- tion which have been too characteristic of the Socialist movement of certain countries where Democracy has yet to be established. At first, they modestly described themselves as organs of the minorities and protested that they had no wish to usurp the place of the International So- cialist Bureau. Recently, however, they be- came more frank. They proclaimed, of their own authority, the end of the 2nd Interna- tional. and announced the birth of a third International, in which, however, the parties of the great nations, without which no Interna- tional is possible, refused to take thei-r places. Experience has already proved that our policy was the right one. If fresh proof of this were needed, it would be sufficient to refer to the appreciation of the French and British minori- ties who, though decidedly in favour of an im- mediate meeting of the Bureau, nevertheless declare that the Executive Committee cannot violate the decisions of the affiliated organisa- tions In spite of all, the life of the International has not been arrested for a single instant. The parties have continued to act within their historic sphere, and they have had to contend with difficulties the complexity of which was in just proportion to their responsibilty. They have net done that which they wished to do. They have generally tried to do what they could. It is this understanding of their mutual responsibilities that constitutes the true reason for the attitude taken up towards the Inter- national Socialist Bureau by the Parties of France, Germany, Great Britain, Austria and Hungary—to mention only some of the belliger- ents. Notwithstanding the profound discord which separates them, they agree with us in thinking that it is not for the Executive Committtee to pretentiously set themselves up as judges over the parties-to act without them or to act in their place. The Executive Com- mittee is and must remain the connecting link between the various parties. And it will so remain! From the interviews which we have had with the delegates or central committees of the various parties, we have come to the conclusion that the disagreement chiefly referred to the determination of the moment when peace should be concluded. Some want peace immediately and at any price. They are concerned a bove all with terminating this war. Others reject- immediate peace, not because they are opponents of peace, but because, in their opinion, peace under present conditions would be precarious. They -are concerned above all with putting an end to wars in general. Both, however, deoIarer in their resolutions, their speeches and their press that peace will be nearer in proportion as the aims of the war are better and definitely known. We have formed the impression that this view offers possibility of finding a way towards unity of action of the working class. It is true, we have not yet the power to put an end to the war. But in. pursuing this object we can exert an influence on the conditions of peace, for it is upon them that the future political constellation and the fate of the new generation depend. It is in the supreme inter- est of the working class that their voice should be heard, so as to prevent the coming peace from containing the seeds of a/fresh eonflict-to ceiii bat a policy that would tend to prolong the military war by an eccyromic war. They have the greatest interest in establishing a democratic Europe and to lav the foundations of an international public law that would hasten the hour when we shall be finally delivered from the nightmare of war. The peace must not be dictated solely by the Governments, and, if we oppose secret diplomacy in ordinary times, w must doubly do so when, at the termination of a world-war, the basis must be arranged of a treaty which is bound to determine for a Long time to come the political, social and national life of minions of men. We therefore ask all affiliated parties, without exception, to examine with as little delay as possible, the whole of the political problems which in their opinion ought to find a solution in the terms of peace. These problems concern both the end of this war and the end of all war. They comprise all the actual possibilities to which the resolutions passed at Copenhagen, London and Vienna have reference. With a view to instituting a preliminary in- ouiry. we have called a conference of delegates of the Socialist and Labour Parties of neutral countries, which is to meet at the Hague on June 26. This date has been fixed at the re- quest of ttie United States and Argentine delegates. Comrades The war. whilst raising conflicts between the Socialist and Labour Parties, appears more and more to have consolidated the empitalist system. If it would defeat this system and gain liberty, the whole working class, with out distinction of race, and nationality, must find itself again.
This terrible war is killing a lot of businesses. Make it a personal resolve that the Pioneer shall not be killed.
Correspondents are requested to condense their letters as much as possible. Letters of a personal character will not be inserted. The Editor wishes it to be distinctly under- stood that he will not hold himself responsible for the opinions or statements of correspond- I ents., nor undertake to return rejected manus- cripts. Correspondents MUST write on one side of the paper only,
SOLDIERS' PENSIONS. (To the Editor of the PIONEEB,) Dear Sir,—The following case is an example of the scandalous delay which takes place be- fore pensions are granted to disabled soldiers and the appalling inadequacy of the pensions which are at length obtained. Private Frederick Cooper, late 2,470, A.S.O., who, before the war, was a motor driver, was discharged from the Army on February 26th, 1915 suffering from shattered nerves. He has a wife whose, eyesight is so bad that she has difficulty in getting about, a step-child of seven, years, and a baby boy was born two months after the soldier's discharge. Mil's. Cooper made various efforts to obtain a pension for her husband, and at last applied to us. We wrote to the authorities on her be- half on December 7, 1915. After several appli- cations from us Chelsea Hospital promised on •February 2nd, 1916, to grant a pension of 12/6 a week for six months' conditional. We were to point out that a man suffering from shattered hcrves with a wife and two children could not subsist on so small a pension; but the reply was that the soldier was not considered to be entire- ly disabled, and that allowance could not be granted on account of the girl aged 7, because she was a child of the soldier's wife by a former marriage, or on behalf of the baby, be- cause he was born two months after his father's discharge. In the meantime, Mr. Cooper, who had been a motor driver prior to the war, tried to ob- tain work, but the state of his nerves made it impossible to retain employment of any kind. He was twice summoned on account of his driving, and. of course, immediately lost his employment. Owing to the state of his nerves he cannot control himself, and although this is in no sense his fault, has caused his wife and children much suffering. To make a little money his wife took in washing, but he de- clared tha.t he could not boar it. and that the washing must be clofared away. A child's crying or other noise drives him frantic, and on the occasion of one of the Zeppelin scares he terrified his wife and children, so much, that the baby became ill, and had to be taken to the hospital, where it died. The doctor said that the distress of the mother, who was suck- ling her child, caused its illness. The little girl is also in hospital owing to fright and lack of nourishment. The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty has threatened to prosecute the fa- ther but his behaviour is due to his illness, and he is, of course, quite innocent. All this time appeals have been made to Chel- sea Hospital to increase the allowance. It is urgently necessary that this poor man should be taken away to be cared for. and that an adequate allowance should be paid to the wife and child. If this is not done, something seri- ous will certainly occur. When the question of allowances and pensions was last raised in the House of Commons, Mr. Forster stated, on behalf of the War Office, that 15,105 men had been invalided out of the Army without pensions of the remaining num- ber w ho have be?n discharged, how many have received the 25/- a week and 2/6 a week for each child that was promised P-Y ours, etc.. E. SYLVIA PANKHURST. I 400 Old Ford Row, Bow. E., 12th April, 1916. MARCHING TO THE CEMETERY. (To the Editor of the PIONEEB.) I He raised a mortal to the skies, She drew an angel down."—DKYDEN. Sir,— W e are a nation marching to the cemet- ery; we are marching to the cemetery not because we will not marry sooner or later, or because the birth rate is declining, but we are marching to a collection of bones because we do not value the most precious thing in the v,,orld--hu,n-ian life. The people, for whom Cardinal Mazai,ii. liad such contempt, are getting petulant. Mazarm, who alas! is no longer with us, would say that that was a sign which should be noted. We shall waish our mouths, my comrades; ana after saying "•Allah! Allah!" twice for the health of our souls, make a note. of It.. The people ask why should they bear children to be tramped upon and blown to atoms P Why should they rear sons to be food for worms before their time, and foreign worms at that? II A mother lavishes her wonderful love upon her child, rears him in the light of truth, and guards his eveiry footstep until he reaches man- hood and the grave We are a nation marching to the cemetery. j All sons are equal to their mothers. A boy reared in poverty is as much to his mother as is the Prince of Wales to the Queen. But to think that these young men are dragged before bodies of men who call themselves Tribunals to be bullied; bullied, by men who generally know more about the different brands of whisky than they ever will of a pure conscience. Ha!" says Mr, Ci-adgii-lild. says Mr. Fat; "Burr," growls Vere de Vere, These men have no right to a conscience Con- science Conscience! What is conscience P It is a thing which imperatively impels its owner to decimate Turks, Austrians, Germans, and irre- » sistively drives r, man into the seventh grade of in tolerance. If your conscience does not tell you to do these things; if it does not tell you to burden yourself with chains and forsake your Trade Union rights and liberties; if it does not justify the Clyde deportations; the importation of Chinese labour into 'La Belle France,' and the arrogance of the little Welsh attorney; if it does not allow you to accept a Bill of Con- scription for married men and little boys just left their mother's knees; and with a meek and servile air say. when the price of food goes higher than your pay, "It is the grace of God. He made the world. He made our fiscal sys- tem He sent a Welshman to amend our laws. He sent the daisies and the buttercups and man. proud man, suri,ounck them with a slum. We must obey our masters. God gave us our little span to live 111, and dusters, and the great Bottomley, the egregious, infal- lible Horatio! If your conscience does not al- low you to accept these dire impositions with a becoming meekness, you have no^right, no damn right, sir, to a conscience." We are a nation warching to the cemetery. The penalty of life is death. We are given a lease of life on the condition that we shall die again. Fortunately or unfortunately, this law does mot apply to nations, but a nation with all its glories, pernp and circumstance, its far-flung branches of an Empire can, like the | queer Australian Prime Minister's speeches, all end in smoke. It is ene of the ironies of war in general, and this one iu particular, that the greatest patri- ots are also the greatest scoundrels and traitors. They will fight to the last drop of somebody else's blood; they will kill the Ger- mans and the Austrians with their mouths; they will shed oceans of good ink to prove that Conscription for those without whiskers and "bald pates," and a daily diet of blood and: iron is as necessary to the health of the nation as air. Willingly they would shoot our great- est men who will obey no law but the law of conscience. Their saving grace—if it is a saving grace- is that they do not believe in marching to the Cemetery; they believe in making a ceme- tery around us. They say "Pooh! Bah!" when a man pleads for exemption, and send: him to the wars with as much sang froid as they would send a prime Hereford pig to market. I pity these poor devils when they reach their last eternal home—the everlastin-L,, bonfire! Said Madame Roland, a few minutes be.fore her head was severed in the name of Liberty, Fraternity, and Equality: Liberty What awful deeds are done in thy name The Conscientious Objectors are being ridiculed and reviled, but while they' are being persecuted, they are earning an imperishable crown of glory When our dear obliging Labour leaders have, by the Grace of God, departed this life with- out a tear being shed for their departure — unless it is a tear of thankfulness—we can ureaim and work again, some with pens and some with tongues, for that state, Socialism, with its happy community of citizens, its frisk- ing children dancing in the Spring as freely as the lambs and pretty birds; when life will not be marred by that grim spectre, poverty. The Summer is coming—and so is Socialism. But in the meantime, we must use our strength ia trying to prevent international governments Bending more men on the march to the ceme- tery from which no man returns.—Yours, etc., 10 AN,
Wages and Military Service ENGAGE ATTENTION OF CARDIFF CONFERENCE. FORMER RESOLUTION RE-AFFIRMED. Mr James Wins tone, J.P., presided over the Special Delegate Conference of the South Wales Miners' Federation held at Cardiff on Friday to consider the wages question and the Military Service Bill. Mr Winstone was sup- ported by the General Secretary (Mr Tom Rich aids, M.P.) and Mr Alfred Onions, toge- ther with a full attendance of the Executive Council. Mabon travelled down from Lon- don especially to explain the present military situtation. Mr Winstone. in opening the conference, said no president of the Federation had been called upon to conduct so many conferences in such a short time as he. At this conference some ilm- portant matters had to be dealt with, ',and he. impressed upon the delegates the necessity of conducting the discussion without heat or pas- sion. The wise leaders were not those who led their men most hurriedly into battle, but led. them through the battle to victory. Mr Win- stone then gave a report of the deliberations of the Executive Council respecting the general wage rate and the application made for a 15 per cent. advance, and he expressed amazement that the employers were seeking a reduction of 7| per cent. In reference to the Military Ser- vice Bill he desired the conference to calmly consider the new situation. He was still op- posed to compulsory service;, which he considered- contrary to all British traditions. This matter had to be considered at a national conference in London the following Tuesday. Mr Thomas Richards. M.I., the general sec- retary, gave a detailed report of what trans- pired at the Council, with respect to the de- mand formulated for a 15 per cent. rise in wages, and stated that a 10tte,r had been sent to the codiowiiBis informing them That the miners considered that the pre- sen t Inthod of arriving at decisions for the i eg matron of the general wage rate of this. coaJheid is an unsatisfactory condition, and that steps be taken at once to secure a. set- tlement of the equivalent selling price to the minimum wage under the agreement. Pend- uig this, that an application for an advance in wages shall have reference otilv to the present uitKT e in the selling price without any cotm- mi L-tt of the Council to the acceptance of the position oreated by the previous decisions since the 1915 agreement has been in oper- ation. There.fore the application is made for anadvano0 of 15 per cent. with the foregoing proviso. After some discussion, in the course of which S6tme of the delegates thought an application should have been made for a larger increase, it was resolved to accept the report of the Council. The question of the attitude to be taken up with regard, to the Military Service Bill w a.% then discussed, and short speeches were deliv- ered by several of the leaders and by Mabon, the last-named explaining the reasons why the Government had introduced the present Bill. The Conference parsed a resolution reaiffrm- ing the one adopted a,t the previous conference, and the South Wales delegates at-the National Conference in London will vote accordingly.
Rheunlatisnl Kidney Trouble. FREE TREATMENT. 4 Rheumatism is due to uric acid crystals in the joints and muscles, the result of excessive uri" acid in the system that the kidneys failed to remove as nature intended, to which every qualified physician agrees, and this acid is also the cause of backache, lumbago, sciatica, gout urinary trouble, stone, gravel and dropsy. The success of Estora Tablets, for the treat- ment of rheumatism and other forms of kidney trouble, is due to the fact that they restore the kidneys to healthy action and thereby remove the cause of the trouble, which necessarilv re- moves the ill-effects that spring from it. and have cured numberless cases after the failure of other remedies, which accounts for them fast superseding out-of-date medicines that are sold at a price beyond all but the wealthy and so often fall short of the wonderful claims made that confidence has been lost in them. To prove Estora Tablets fully warrant their description—an hostest remedy at an honest price-one full bOX of 40 tablets will be sent to readers of the Pioneer as a free sample on receipt of this notice and 3d. in stamps to cover postage, packing, etc. Sold by chemists, 1/3 per box of 40 tablets, or, 6 boxes for 6/9. For fuTI box sample address Estora Co., 132 Charing Cross Road, London, W.C. Bargoed and Aberbargoed WILMAMS, M.P.S., Chemist.