DOES PEACE MATTE? ? SEE PAGE 4 I
The Knights of the Round Table. i SEE PAGE 4
The Clyde Arrests. THE EXAMINATION OF THE CAUSES The workers in other ai-eas. must have learned with surprise of the fate of the Clyde leaders. After the first shock, their surprise was temper- ed, most probably, with cynical understanding. It is as well, therefore, to review the cireum- ataneesof their arrest and deportation, the temper of the minister responsible for their fate and the excuses pleaded in Liberal and Conservative political circles for such drastic actions. Dr. Addison—once a sharp half-radical critic of Whig politics, with a illastetman tendency to bark without biting—now Parliamentary Sec- retary- of the Munitions Department was the Medium chosen to inform the public of the re- cent events on the Clyde. In the House of (Jonimons. on Tuesday, March 28 last, he in- formed the mem bers that six men had been deported for a strike commenced on March 17. this was the first intimation the public had II received of such a strike. We know that information is suppressed be- t, cause it is likely to aid the German Govern- ment against the British Goverment. But this information is not of this character. The sup- pression is calculated only to deceive the workers as to the true situation existing in other centres, and to aid the capica-list profit- ■ mongers, whose sacrifices in this war will finally t total up to a comfortable baJance on the ? ? right side of the ledger. The very comments of the capitalist press on the affair prove that the publication of truth concerning a strike I jj} a munition centre does not aid the "enemy." Thus the Daily ?ews says that the story of the Krupps' strike was circulated in this coun- ￼ ty by agents of the German Government, to mdu, bodies of workers here like those engaged on the Clyde, to strike! Very good! Then had the truth been published concerning the Clyde strike on March 17, and in due course been Made known in the German papers, would not Its effect have been to hearten the German Workers to strike? Would not then the German official press have urged that it was merely a trick of British agents? Which means, that we are so well used to the lies and tricks of war- ring governments that the publication of truth concerning Labour unrest leaves the situ- ation untouched. Unless the German workers reel a grievance, they will not strike. Unless the British workers feel a grievance, they will 110t strike But if the workers in both coun- strike strong enough and long enough, the apmies will evacuate the trenches; gloom will pass from the homes of many weary waiting mo tiiers, wives and sisters; and Peace will dawn. Yep. Labour will forget grievances of a local selfish, narrow character, and remember hu- manity. And then reckoning will come to the traitors of humanity. That is the last thing that the governments desire to happen. Though we wade through blood and tears to the end of eternity, peace must not dawn, the workers must not embrace in common fellowship. Why not ? AVe have seen then, that the case for secrecy is merely the offioial hatred of human under- standing. the old-time venom against Democra- cy and Truth. Again has secrecy failed. Again is the truth forced to light. And we see our Coalition rulers for what they are worth. It has been said that the Government has been driven with extreme reluctance to such a drastic measure as deportaton. Yes, every gov- rnment; is the best ?nd mildest of all govern- J merits until it is overthrowM. Every despot I has his apologists. But consider the character of the minister responsible for the outrage, and ask if he DID act with such extreme reluct- ance as his special pleaders pretend. [ I know Glasgow very well, and the nature of the movement there. To mv knowledge. the Ki. Hon D. Lloyd George knows the members of the Clyde Workers' Committee very well. They disturbed his Glasgow meeting. And time came his famous official false report, and I the oppression of F(-rward for publishing | the true report. Did Mr. George apply the De- fence of the Realm Act to our contemporary with extreme reluctance? If so. why did the Liberal Press, which excuses his present action. condemn his "extreme reluctance" as despot- ism and undignified funk at exposure? The y leopard does not change his spots, nor the tiger his skin. And a. reactionary Welsh law- yer does not suddenly become the attorney of judgment, calm, and mercy, when he feels that i those who have humiliated him once are in his K grip. In other words, Mr. George's Glasgow record is such that he is not a proper man to have the fate of the Clyde Workers' Committee in his hands. And were Democracy represen- ted in the House of Commons, there would be no peace until George tendered his resignation and retired from that political stage on which he has failed, even as the reactionary gramophone marionette of the disgusting Northcliffe Press. When George visited Glasgow, it was not six p men that repudiated him, but the. Clyde work- ers. The Executive Committee of the A.S.E, r was against the Clyde Workers in this matter, but that committee did not soeak with au- thority in this matter, and represents them as I well as C. B. Stanton represents thR workers >; of Merthyr. Because of the failure of corrupt s official Unionism, and fearsome boss caucus, the Clyde Workers' Committee was formed. This Committee did not mould the Clyde feeling, but the latter evolved the Committee. And so the Government will find. Mr. George may be sacrificed to Clyde feeling yet. s The A.S.E. Executive did not represent the I men who made George's famous Christmas visit s a farce. It does not represent the men whose leaders have been deported. But it represents the Clyde as much to-day as six months ago. If it was not the representative organisation J then, how can it be the responsbile organisation to-day? Still, we are told that the Clyde Work- | | ersarea band of irresponsible Syndicalists. Maybe. But they brought MacLean back from Edinburgh Castle, and compelled the Glasgow Magistrates to release on low bail men to wKom they refused bail a few hours before. That is what their irresponsibility accomplished. Who is responsible these days? Lord Sel- borae is a responsible minister, and the Tri- ¡ bunals ignore him. Lotd Derby is without responsible Cabinet position, and his word is law. The Military Service Act No. 2 is a responsible document, and the War Office laughs at it. Mr. 2squith gives responsible pro- mises in the House of Commons re widows, soils, and the irresponsible Tribunals override his guarantees. The Rt. Hon. Walter Long ad- resses a responsible circular to irresponsible Tribunes, and the latter make a religious boast of their ignorance of its advice. Sir John Simon mah-es a respionsible analysis of Derby's "cooked figures," and is denounced. Then the latter admits his kitchen exploits in order to extend Conscription. If the Clyde Leaders are irresponsible, it can be only because they have imitated the fashion of their betters. It was Dean Swift who said that custom descends from the cultured to the vulgar, and is then lose. Perhaps the Clyde Workers' Committee intend to make an end of irresponsibility, which is more than many a well-paid govern- ment adept will ever attempt, much less ac- complish. The strike, we are told, concerned a thous- and It began over a dilution dispute, and was spreading. So the Government thought that the removal of six men would end it. Will it? Did Larkin's arrest end the Dublin strike? Or did the Government have to release him? Still, the Bourbons are above us. With extreme sagacity, they forget nothing. With sublime imbecility, they remember nothing. Let them learn—and forget again .Five works struck, and six men caused it! As though leaders make strikes when there are no grievances. The trouble began over a. dilu- tion problem and the leaders refused to submit it to the Clyde Commission. Why? Because it did not command their respect. It is complain- ed that the stnke was politcal. It was directed against the Military Service Act No. 2. and the Munitions Wage. Well, a mere wage strike may be mean. whereas a political strike may be no bie. Says the Libera] press, this action meant susr- i ending the only assembly we have for protect- itIL'. lil)e,rtv. But can we say that the House ol Commons is protecting liberty, when it has been st a impeded into enacting despotic meas- ures and a Conscription measure on a basis of false promises and bogus guarantees ? Finally. Sir A. Markham pit-oved his reason by wanting them sent to Germany. Perhaps Mark- ham would like to entèlrtaln L:febkneeht here. Sir Edward Carson wanted them brought to judgment for high treason! No wonder the blizzard increased in violence on Tuesday., The gods must have been writhing in agony to wit- ness this Daniel come to judgment! So much for Constitutional hypocrisy. How much longer are the workers content to suffer m silence such abominable despotism and reac- tionin the sacred name of liberty? We doubt not. that the Clyde workers will answer this question And if it be sedition to incite, let us assure the government of our lamb-like docility, our complete abasement under tyranny, and our desire to fulful the noble and most legal citi- zen/s function: warning the executive of the limits of despotic foil v. GUY A ALDRED. I
Theatre Royal. I All the men who) are not in the army have vilsited the Theatre Royal this week, and many of them have paid repeat visits Nor is it difficult to understand the attraction of a second visit when one has sat through the great film fight for the fly-weight champion- ship and the Lonsdale Belt, between Jimmy Wilde and Young Symonds. The Welsh are no- torious in their love of fisticuffs, and though I am not a Welshman, I shared the general feeling of excitement. There were times when I could have sworn that theactual blows, and not a photographic representation of them, were being struck before me. There were times when I wanted to get up and shout, and the murmur that was running round the Theatre showed me that my feelings were but those of every man in the building. Ordinarily, I do not welcome kinema breaks in programmes, but all my prejudices go by the board when the film is ot the nature of this great fight film. It stirs the h100d, and makes one think of the great days of the past when England was pre-emin- ent 111 the world of athletics, and the gloves were the heritage of every healthy lad. b The New Macsare amongst the best of the duo co medians that we have had in Merthyr for some time past, and are quite worthy of the big line the,, are occupying on the bill. J. Al- exander s 9 Empire Singers are doing good work with the gems from man- schools of me- lody. Miss Maggie Clifton and Partner are responsiole for an act that is quite away from any otter equihbrist-ic turn that I have seen The fair-Maggic, is the finest woman athlete that has so far taken to the boards, and her work should do much for the spread of the cult of the healthy body among her sex. I believe that Wale,s-o,r rather this section of it-is far be, hind the rest of the country in relation to the participation of our girls in physical culture, and if Miss Clifton can do anything to rouse our public in this matter, she will have performed a needed public service. Frank E. Melville, light comedian, is a delightful entertainer with a. style sof his own: and Blanche Ray is one of the low comedy queens that we do not see so often as we might wish to. The Piquays are am- ongst the most enjoyable lines on the bill; and by their clever upside-down ragtime dancing have won a place for themselves in the affections of the Merthyr playgoers A very special attraction has been booked for next week this being the second edition of the RED HEADS"—a gorgeous production which has been presented at the Coliseum. Pal- ace Theatre, and at the Palladium. London, which fact alone .should be sufficient assurance that the piece is of unusual merit. A striking feature wiT! be a grand, dress parade, in which will be introduced some of the lovediest and costliest gowns on the stage. There is a, read- headed beauty chorus, and a splendid caste of artistes, whilst the scenery is of the most ela- borate description. No one should omit visit- ing the Royal next week.
i fade Union Notes. By TRADE UNIONIST. 1 learn from the daily press that a Dockers' Battalion for use to relieve congestion in the ports has been sanctioned. The battalion will be drawn from dockers enlisted in the army. It is to be mobile, and to be moved from one port to another as required. This fact proves that more men have been withdrawn from in- dustry to serve as soldiers than is good for the country, and is a sure indication to all that to increase the army in itself does not necessarily increase its fighting power. On the contrary, to enlarge the fighting, army by depleting the industrial army weakens its defensive and offensive powers considerably. The rabid militarists who diligently urge universal Ooriseripiton upon the country may very well he the cause of the country's undoing. But in reference to this Dockers' Battalion, can the Trades Unionists of the country afford to look upon its formation with equanimity? Is there not lurking in this scheme grave dang- ers to the working class ? I say emphatically, there are. The conditions obtaining for these industria.l soldiers may be all right as far as ex- ternal considerations are concerned — i.e., the wages may be those paid to the ordinary wor- ker the hours of labour may be the same, and yet the principle of employing military labour is so sinister as to warrant the gravest apprehen- sion. It must never be forgotten that they are soldiers, and soldiers must render unque-s- tioning obedience to orders from superiors. Should the conditions of labour be such at any port as to justify the workmen in withholding their labour in order to obtain redress, then the soldier docker will be, called upon to black- leg and he cannot refuse. The right to strike, whatever the circumstances, will have been ta- ken away from the men. Again .the very fact of the existence of such a battalianbeing at the service of employers will, of itself, be an inducement to them to be indifferent to the justice and sympathetic con- sideration that should obtain in the relation- ship existing between employer and employed. It will make them more intolerant disaffection among the men will result, while to obtain re- dress will become extremely difficult. It is stated that the Dockers'* Union have decided to approach the authorities with regard to the new battalion, and to suggest other means for overcoming the congestion difficulties. The oth- er Trade Unions should also help in this direc- tion, inasmuch as it is quite possible to extend the operation of the principle to other indust- ries. Let Trades Unionists remember that Mr. Lloyd ries. George as Minister of Munitions is ex- tremely anxious to apply it to the; engineering industry. ■ War always provides the reactionary with the opportunities of realising h is sinister de- signs. A powerful and extremely arrogant sec- tion of the ruling class have for years been clamouring for a system of universal compul- sory military service. In that way only, said they can Britain maintain her supremacy, etc., etc. ana, further, in that way only can. the growing power of the democracy, as manifested by the growing strength and influence of Trades Unionism and Socialism, be checked. When war came they pushed their propaganda under the guise of patriotism and military necessity, with such effect that they are in a fair way to seeing it come to fruition. Now it is Tariff Reform that Is being urged upon us, and again it is a love of country and hatred of Germany that is made the medium of conveyance of idfeas hitherto repugnant to the majority of working men. And there is grave danger that with the extraordinary blindness which charac- terises the war-fever stricken people, the little game will succeed as well as the militarist game succeeded. The real reason for thrusting larifr Reform upon the cauntry, of course, is to increase the power and influence of the proper- tied and governing classes, but the war pro- vides them with a patriotic excuse, and they are not backward in takng advantage of such an opportunity. The visit of Mr. Hughes, the Australian Pre- mier has also proved a God-send to them and their exploitation of him is not to be wondered at. -AfT. Hughes is an avowed Protectionist, and IS the leader of a party that is Protection- ist; and it is urged upon Labour men that what is good for working men in Australia. can- not be bad for working men in England. I have wondered, at the silence of Labour Leaders anpnt this new propaganda, and asked myself if it meant acquiescence in, or indiffer- ence to it. I was therefore more than pleased to read Mr. J. H. Thomas' (M.P.) speech deliv- ered to the railwaymen at Grimsby on Sunday last, in which he warned the workers of the dangers ahead, and pointed out to the advocates of the policy some things not pleasant for them to reflect upon. I will quote his words:- I am satisfied that the workers of this country would welcome the Australian policy als a whole. I want you to understand that whilst it is true that a system of Tariff Reform is in operation in that Dominion, it is also true that an 8 hours day for workers is also in operation, that there is a legal mi- nimum wage, that there is preference for Trade Unionists as against non-Unionists by statute, that old-age pensions of 10/- a week are given to men and women at 60 years of age, and that every person over 16, if in cap- able of earning a. livelihood, is entitled from that time to a State disablement grant. (Cheers. ) So that, if there is to be. a change of fiscal policy here, and if the workers are asked to consent to the adoption of such a change, the Australian policy must not be put into oper- ation as to only a particular section of it. I (Cheers.) I am watching with peculiar interest to see what is going to be said by that particular section of the press which, to put it no high- er, has not been favourably disposed to eight hours or to a legal preference for Trade Un- I ionists. (Laughter.) What have they to say! for a demand that it shall be the full bloom of Australian policy or nothing ? That is where you as workers must insist that your voice shall be heard," Mr. Thomas concluded. You have got to make your position perfectly plain. You have to say: If there is going to be a change we are not going to suffer from increased prices, from increased cost of living, unless it be accompa- nied by the higher standard of living recog- nised in your Overseas Dominions to-day. (Cheers.) It is because I believe that no sufficient attention has been given to the sub ject by the papers which are lauding this proposal that I think it wise to take advan- tage of this opportunity to lay my views be- fore the railwaymen." (Cheers.) A little more plain talk of this kind on the part of those who are recognised leaders of the workers will do much good. and compel the advocates of Protection to reflect that it may mean more for them than they bargain for. This long silence on the leaders' part ra,ises a suspicion in our minds that they will allow these friends of Labour (?) to thrust this bur- den upon the country in the same way as Com- pulsory Military Service was thrust upon it. The matters in dispute between the S.W.M.F. and the Ooalfownørs' Association viz., the bonus turn for ostlers, the Sunday night shift, and rates for surface craftsmen, are to be decided bv arbitration. Mr. Runciman, who, as Presid- ent of the Board of Trade, had been appealed to has selected Judge Connors as arbitrator.
I I Penywern Choir at Bedlinog. I I SPLENDID MUSIC AT AMBULANCE I CONCERT. The visit of the Penywern and Dowlais Male Voice Party to Salem, Bedlinog, in support of the local Ambulance Brigade, will be long re- membered by the large audience, over which Mr G. N. Evans, M.E, presided, on Thu-.day last. I am partial to the work of the choir over which that hard-working musician, Mr. Evan Thomas waves the baton of true artistry, and partial because, as I have said before, they represent to me a very high water mark of musical expression. My standard is the standard of visualisation, a standard difficult indeed of attainment b the. vocalist, but a standard that has -b^en aci. uVed by ihe Peny- wern Male Voices. There is a purity of tone that aft-ei, all is more English than Welsh, particularly in the tenor voices and they have what the Welsh choirs excel in, and the Eng- lish choirs too often forget—a capacity to enter into the inner soul of their work, to interpret with temperament and vigour passages that ara alive with meaning, and vital with truth under such treatment as they mete out. Of the programme at Bedlinog I cannot speak too highly, though one could have desired that the constructor of the programme had restrained his linguistic ability and remained content with the familiar "choir," instead of the more grandiloquent "ensemble." I have no liking for pedantic demonstrations of polyglot knowledge. Of the choir's work I would speak in particular of the extremely fine interpreta- tion given to "The Crusader," with its fine balance and light and shade, and with its magnificent recitation, in which Mr. Dan Dan- iels shone with his usual brilliance. I believe that the verve with which Mr. Daniels enters into this work the truth to the spirit of the music that- he expresses, acts as a tonic on the whole choir, enheartening their work, and awa- kening the Cymric love of melody that is the most glorious gift of the race. And also I would compliment the performers on the pret- tiness of their rendering of "Y Gwcw Fach," which I heard for the first time. I have heard much of the Dowlais musician's—Mr. E. T. Da- vies—setting to this charming piece, and wen it possible I would like to add fxtra praise to what has already been said of it. The work is good. and it was entrusted in the proper hands. The soloists were Dowlais singers, too, or so I understand and I want to add my thanks to them for their contributions to an enjoyable evening. In particular was I struck with the graceful work of Mr. T. Phillips, one of the best tenor voices in the choir. He has a, rich, full clear voice as sweet as a silver bell, and reson- ant as a note from a Strad; but even more than the beauty of his voice was I pleased with the delicacy of his selections, from the best of the writers. Mr G. P. Jones, aaiother member of the party has, I believe, one of the best baritone voices in South Wales, and, more im- portant. the knowledge of how to use it. His rendering of "The Trumpeter" was something to remember with pleasure and trust to hear again. Miss Gladys Morgan forced me to a full appreciation of the purity of her soprano voice by opening with a Welsh air of H. S. Hughes, the word s of which I could not, of course, follow: and Miss Beryl Williams was equally sweet wtih her two mezzo-soprano songs My space is almost run out. and I feel that I have not done justice to the two ladies, and that to add to it by saying that I would not have preferred the choir to them would sound unsatisfactory, though it is really the highest praise I could give. And it is sincere. The usual vote of thanks concluded one of the most enjoyable evenings I have spent in South Wales. I -1 A. p. y.
I PENYDARREN. I ELrM Y.P .S.—Last Tuesday evening the ab- ove society held its last meeting of the session, when iqie Rev. W. A. Jones ( Seion. Mer- thvr) gave a very interesting lecture on "Ad- gofion Boreu Oes." There was a good number present considering the weather, and they all thoroughly enjoyed themselves. The speaker was accorded a most hearty vote of thanks on the motion of Mr. W. Lewis. B.A., seconded by Mr Thomas Hughes. The Rev J. M. Hug- hes (pastor) presided.
mr- MENTION THIS PAPER -I WHEN YOU BUY! I
COMRADES NiCHOLAS AND WILLIAMS CARRY THE MESSAGE OF LIFE. The Rev T. E. Nicholas and his Comrade D. E. Williams, of Mountain Ash. visited Llechryd last Sunday. Both were aflame with the enthu- siasm of humanity, and the place was illumined by their presence and proclamations with the Shining Light of Christian Socialism, which is the Esse and Essence, the Alpha and Omega of the Everlasting Gospel. The Rev. T. E. Nicholas, in the evening, reveale d and de- monstrated the contrast between this Gospel of Christ and the Gospel of the Anti-Christ, tvhich is the gospel of devils containing the mystery of iniquity, spreading after the work- ing of Satan with power and lying wonders, and with all deoeivableness of unrighteousness and oppression, and with strong delusion deliv- ering the enslaved people by the millions to the slaughter. The vivid disclosures of Nicho- las strongly affected the imagination of an ap- preciative audience, and will help them to real- ise the stupendous changes which the Gospel of Socialism is destined to produce in the spir- itual and material conditions of the world. It will perform for one thing the miracle of a society founded, not on the self-interest of sel- fishness appealing to the anti-social and brutal side of human nature, but based on the self-interest of wise unselfishness, and appealing to the social and friendly instincts of men. Looking on the inhuman, wolfish and anti- Christ ian spectacle of Christendom we cannot but bittefriy bemoan the total depravity of the pulpit, debauched by the gospel of devils, priests and preacher's all over Europe have become sons of perdition, preaching from self, and for pelf and pecuniary prizes; keeping Europe in name Christian whilst the governments. the armies and the commercial and industrial frame of society are incarnations of Anti-Christ. But we despair not. The golden day of Christian Manhood comes with tremendous vicissitudes in heaven and on the earth, and we are now in the whirlwind epoch of the transition. T. E. Nicholas on Sunday touched the lever to whose touch the centuries of wrong tremble, the tremors and trepidations will pass on in spiritual electric shocks to shatter the chains of Anti-Christ into shivers. Human oppression, so often and vainly scotched, at last will be killed, and the reign of equity will leave char- ity: and alxr -giving. -vitfcwut occupation. Christ, as the speaker said. is the revelation of the Humanity of God in Man, and by Him in every man repudiating carnal laws and carnal creeds: therefore, repudiating popery, and Protestant- ism with its brood of carnal sects, repudiating thrones and empires and governments founded on the gospels of devils. He made it clear that the societies called churches appeal not to the Christ in the sotil of man. inasmuch as thev are not in accord with the Christ of God. but in accord with Christless kingdoms built on blood and cemented by blood. In this light the parasites of the pulpit are the blackest blots on our planet, and the most deadly pest on the body of humanity, which is also the mystical body of Christ. Not onlr do they justify the war with ingenuous distortion of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, but they also endeavour to make it appear that all justice is on our side, and all injustice on the other side. The preachers of Europe, through taking different sides. are united on the side of the Anti-Christ. The true Christ cannot be a party to the clash of na- tional passions and hatreds. To preach Him as such is blasphemy and a shameful betrayal of Him • nailing Him on the Gross, and making" the Continent a Golgotha. The archbishops, bishops and their subordinates are the chief ones to pierce His Divine Humanity. And all kindreds of the earth wail because of this hor- ror sanctioned and sanctified b^ the hideous holiness of pompous and over-paid officials, com- mingling the Holy Spirt with infernal spleen, spreading abroad in poisonous spheres of deadly gases. It is a great and marvellous sign that the churches are declining in numbers and effi- c-ienlev Such are the complaints on all hands. The pillars of Jerusalem fail flatter than the cursed walls of Jericho in the rendings and ravages of this fierce war. All the angels of love and lights are frightened away by the fearful frowns and dire revenges of the phophefs of lies. The Sword of the Spirit fades or turns into a satanic sceptre in the hand that liolds a sword of steel. The world can never receive the Love and Light of Heaven, with peace and goodwill to all, as long as it tolerates the An- ti-Christs and their Churches, their thrones, and their soldiers. Man must be revealed to man as an immortal brother in Jesus Christ, before he can apprehend God as .Father. The Gospel of Anti-Christ is a diabolical wall between man and man and between man and his merciful Ma- ker. Under the sway of the gospel of devils, men's hearts have become cold and hard as adamant towards each other, grounded in hate and suspicion; the moment that wall will be cast down by the Gospel of Socialism, a bro- therly. Chnstly Society will prevail, and men's hear ,g therl?v. wiU be melted and stream forth in love and tenderness towards each other and in uni- versal devotion to the common weal. The sublime and prophetTc vision of T. E. Nicholas should be made otain as upon tables to tell the people, that he may run that read- eth and heareth it. The vision is for an ap- pointed time, and it will surely come and be fulfilled; it will ont tarry. Aleluia! Llechryd. W. REES.
BARGOED. BABGOED 10-ROTJND CONTEST.An excellent 10-round contest took place at the Bargoed Pavilion on Saturday night between Jack Jos- eph (Pontypridd) and Dannv Morgan (Tirphil). The lads were weU matched, anq, put up a hard and clean fight. which went the full dist- ance. Mr. Lunty Price declared Joseph the winner on points.
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