Hide Articles List

7 articles on this Page

I Gardening Notes. I


I Gardening Notes. I k% reader who is in a difficulty with refer- to bis garden will write directly to the ess given beneath, his questions will all answered free of charge, in full detail, and l return of post.—Editor. HE VEGETABLE GARDEN IN MARCH. hroom (-()!I-e(-t(-d f i-eqtietitly IS tables w h ere the horses are fed on corn ay alone. Shake out all strawy litter, the residue in a lieip in a covered (I. wti the separate layers, siW'mkling each with water if it be in the dry. kverv three oi- fotti- days remake j ap- P|: icing the formerly outside portions. i centre of the new bed, so that all may ente,(i, at the same time, liber- ■Plingling with water- if necessary, but ta- care that the manure does not become so Ellat a drop of water can be squeezed out « Conti.nue this until the manure becomes 'loured. sweet-smelling. and just sufficient to adhere when pressed in the hand. t4ell ill condition for use. If too 1tlte manure crumbles, and will not stick ?- Make the manure into convenient- t)d .lng, or rounded beds, about a foot in p'11 a ^ark; frost-proof cellar, shed, or ?"bot!se. or in a. sheltered position in ^Jood crops can be secured nushe!- &t' boxes. Tread the (¡ed firmly down or ? boxes. Tread the bed hrmh- down ticear*d wait IIT]tll. the j. lows a steady temperature of from 80 I -eSi'ess before spawning. If the tempera- T1|e to from 1?5 to 140 degree's. it will to make hoLes in the bed with a bar t oiV+ h¿> heat. This is effected Iv break- ^ch ^ke of spawn into some eight or nine ? a forcing them into the manure eight '?'cing them into the mamu'p eight Up (. '? ?? '?Part all over the bed. just v enOugh to be covered when the surface 'e? "?Mle smooth and firm again, and the  (.Ioii-it i-oiin d (,,ic l i piece  keen packed down round each piece m"' Cove.)- the bed immediately after ,"itll- ? 6in. layer of clean litter; and ws tme remove this covering to see t?he "??Ps of spawn are not blacker than i>, ,d I h ?-? ?- M ?? li?hac, or white threads yeellj Tn' .?Ppear to h? spreading, cover the ivith '?' ?? good and moist turfy loam, n .fr t in? down with a spad, and in?? Q +f ? "tter with as little delay as pos- ?Ppsa-rance of the mushrooms, ? are {fii e ? 8*x 01 seven weeks, the lit- taT j.p ??oved if the bed be in a warm pe\,| csheo or cellar, sheets of II Pa substituted. The bed must '? allowed to become dry, tepid w?ter, rJ) about 90 degrees, being given as d, the I)eiu,)- removed before, and ied. Instantly after wltel'ing, The bed Jjl1 over he soake d wIth moisture. Co1d g and t l i-e terij)  i-a- sI8 ?t?t be avoided, and the tempera- ??'be kept as uniform as possibie, i Tievei- 1)e to bc-- <i?. ?'ct must never be permitted to be- jj?, WIth mOlsturf'. The walls and floor e ttt 1TsV hroom house should frequently be ? ? t'm. deep!y-.worked and well pulverised ?y EL" open situation will do, though, na- n.fil''lll  ,aUd \e.} ,1 Pl:lh,el'ised  ?oist. rich loams in fine tilth are to ??1 ?1. If only Sight aad porous land be (H ii|' must be firmly trodden down at '%? ?"? beds shouid he prepared as Ing 1 as possible, those for the spring (r ?'Ug left rough through the winter, s, ,P°or and very firm pfot for IHcklmg 11 [,and intended for onion culture J;;Qfi 'ev'el and the (?e must be work 'r,el'Y. fine, c()n eli,); ,;()1.1, Iib'nll dressings of ('itd. partially decayed manure are most ipjjjij 'f ?"S some t'me before sowing. 1 ,{ &111 olll.ng ?e??in??ng.gweasu? ?.?kling of mixed soot and salt to co]- juiy e Sl|face of the bed. I 1 t ns of sii nanure, sheep and pig 1 •harred )-ipt?)od ashes, and other fertiliser.s ra- 'n P°tash are benencial. Select a day t-Ha surface soil is almost dry. and sow in ,j"IJûlll b to I?in. asunder, according to U:ll' of the variety and method of tn- ?  seed to 3 square yards. Cover with t QQf"n-llleh ef nne sod; ül'a,d lightly ??lus: touch the surface with a rake, the ''?? down all over with the back ye, p.rovided the soU is dry. Roe i??een the Jines directly the seedlings w, .? and thin out the first time with a tllltlllings will provide f lading material. the plants being ???? out at distances of from four to ? & ?part. Water is St?dom required, 'S()aking of weak liquid manure is [SS5ilft} durmg long-continued drought. S'WtJ? L ?eeds bv using a smaN hoe regu- !ip?t? -'? the rows. ?!?.P. sandy loam in open situations and ?  from stones are best. Trench the "t,{h' in autumn, and leave it rough ?' ?H ? winter. As oarly as possible in lt l ?? soil down into a fine seed-!)ed. ?? ) ??ssing of pariiaHy decayed dung, W.j 'Ve from straw, is benefiemJ 1f large '??ired. For kitchpn use we prefer ? t ?? globe kind, which should alwav8 ^arly crops. Sow thickly as early 4,? AN-e,,iiliei- iiid soil 'in shallow fi?q a" 14 to ?8 inchAs apaii. one ounce of ?,. ? "f 100 feet? and covel: with about "tL f;1(1 so'). It is well to sow radish or quickiy-gt-'rminating seeds with ? -? ?der to break the crust of soil over "?.? to maJ-k Un' lines, so admitting o a? d iiiitt. i n- ',?? ?ge. Commence systematic tillage !'1" plants a.re "??1e in the rows. hIt¡ jlie eciling,.? are about two inches 1 f}etn out to six inches apart. Finally ?t t'It' '? from 10 to 12, or even 15.  11Ildr. Keep the hoe busy amongst J ? ')h?1 the tops die in autumn. k' e. \,i Of hurnt vegetable refuse, road and '? -??. soot' decayed ?a.ves. &c., are ?q'? '? Priced in trenches or •WrtN '? the surface where dibbling is tk' a ?'?sing of artificials is necessary, ofsuperphospha-tes, two cwts. (Ow". of superphosphate, two cwts. I I of guano, and tiu'ee-quairte-i's of a cwt. of jnuri- of ,uano, and tlN'ee-quîlll'türs of a O\vt. of nuri-! ate c?i' potash per acre being put in under the sets. Potash manures, applied to the preceding <iiiop seem, specially desirable. Select tubers of moderate size, weighing two or three ounces each or. failing these, divide larger ones into pieces. When planting rub off all the shoots except one o-r two short and stout ones. The. rows should be about 15 or 20 inches apart- for early kinds, and about 24 to 30 for more robust-growing varieties, while the set must be placed m the trendies at from eight to ten inches .apart for early, and from 14 to 16 for later crops. Kaiiiv crops are planted in shel- tered positions during Marf-h, the main crop being left until early" April. The sets can- either lx' dibbled in some six or seven inches deep or may be placed in trenches or furrows of like depth, the earth being closed in on them. About mid-March will be found the best time to plant sprouted sets father shallowly in the ridges. If frames can be spared to place over the young plants, there will be much less risk of injury from frost. An open situation is most essential for April planting. If whole tubers are employed, it is well, to out a small piece off the bottom of each to expedite its decay after growth is fairly started. Hoe be- tween the rows direetiy the shaws are visible; rt-nd. cover them lightly with fine soil if frost ap- pear imminent. Earthing up should be done when the tops are about six inches high, the ridge of soil drawn up. to the stems of the plants being fur or five inches in height. Success de- pends verv largely upon continued surface til- lage. Radishes. A proportion of well-docayccl. mellow dung, is essential for rapid growth and good flavour. Continue to make successional sowings until November, scattering one ounce of seed to two square yards of ground. Cover with about an inch of fine earth. On light soils make the sur- face firm with the back of a spade. Protect- all sowings from birds. Large seeds, from which small ones have been sift.ed out, give the best and most uniform crops. Barliness and con- tinuously rapid growth are of the utmost im- portance. Eary thinning is vital, as crowded plants produce large tops instead of roots. In very hot weather the beds should be lightly, shaded. Water liberally. E. KEMP TOOGOOD, F.L.S.. F.R.Met.S., pro Toogood and Sons. The King's Seedsmen, Southampton.

The Future of the Labour Movement…


I Coquetting with Tariff I…

I Child Labour in Merthyr.

I Our Draughts Column.

[No title]