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- - - - ,The " Socialist Review."…


The Socialist Review." I AN APPETITE WHETTER FROM I BREEZY PAGES. 1. 'I' I I v i. I he Socialist Review, Oct.-Dec. Ii-net. I 9 Johnson's Court E.CA] In the October-December number of th-j 1.1,.P. quarterly Socialist Review (edited I. L P. quarterly ?oc  .? ?CT/<??' (edited ?y Mr. J. R. Macdonald) The Editor's Outlook." though dated September ist, is, as usual, full of valuable criticism. Among other matters touched upon by Mr. Macdon- ald, are the Parliamentary Labour Party v in relation to the Neil Maclean incident, and also the general policy of the Party in Int ernational matters. The League of Na- tions, the annexation of Persia, and the Practical transfer to Belgium by the Bri- tish Government of the two richest dis- tricts of what was German East Africa, are also commented upon, and there is some exceedingly interesting information and im- pressions of thtt meeting of the Acting Com- mittee of the International at Berne, and in this connection Mr. Macdonald touches upon points which must be discussed at the Geneva Congress in February next, in- cluding the difficult subject of a pronounce- tnent by the International on the attitude" of Socialists during the War. Here Mr. Macdonald is on firm ground when he tirges that attention should not be confined to the case of Belgium only, and points out that the documents which will enable national hlame to be apportioned are not yet pub- lished in their entirety, and those which are coming out are only from the defeated nations and the revolutionary governments. The articles in the Review are also of the greatest interest. For members of the I.L.P. there are Some thoughts 011 LL.P. Policy," by John Scurr, and Bruce Glasier writes 011 The Meaning of Socialism." This, by the by, is the concluding chapter of the author's new book, which is now in the press, and makes us look forward to it with additional interest. Bruce Glasier in this chapter here printed summarises the idealism of Socialism in a manner which it would be difficult to equal. He expounds the idea of Socialism not only as the sociali- sation of wealth, but all the means and op- portunities of life and happiness, declaring with emphasis that Socialism goes beyond all existing political systems, ranks in pre- cept with the higher religions, and belongs in ethical affirmation to the common stem from which the social idealism or religion is nourished. Incidentally he points out the present Statement of Principles of the In- dependent Labour Party, which best sets forth the aim of the political Socialist move- ment, contains substantially the definition of Socialism put forward in the manifesto of British Socialists in 1893, which mani- festo u as subscribed to by the then Social Democratic Federation, the Hammersmith Socialist Society, and the Fabian Society. Margot R. Adamson has a poem The Marching Song of Man :— Lo from the hills of heaven The red flag blowing wide Along earth's roadway ringing With blossom, fruit and springing Where late with last leaves clinging The winds of tempest clang; i Through lands and times of labour The Marching song of Man J. J. Eaton's contribution is Three Dy- namitards." They are not malevolent bomb- scatterers, but three writers. Dickens, Mere- dith and Galsworthy. Dickens," says Mr. Eaton, was an early and supremely important figure in the yet unconsummated revolutionary movement, and this on three counts; first, his unique success in making the slow-witted masses feel the community of their miseries; next the stimulus his works gave, by directing and energising the sympathies of the keen-witted few, to in- tellectual efforts towards full reforms; and, finally, the fact that himself, the central spring of these activities, was quite inno- cent of any intention to subvert the exist- ing social order." Meredith's revolutionary effort is studied in Beauc ha nip's Career, as daring a revolutionist's handbook as if it came from the pen of the Shavian John Tanner," and Air. Galsworthy, who weighs with concentrated and discrimin- ating supra-judicial nicety the problems of daily life, with giave insight pierces to their centre and bares the inmost core of all our social troubles," is the legitimate and chosen successor of Dickens and Meredith. One might be inclined to join issue on some of Mr. Eaton's conclusions, but he has certainly opened up a fascinating liter- ary byway. Douglas Deuchar writes on the Garden City, of which Letchworth is as yet the only true example," and there is an inter- esting extract from The Times dealing with France and Germany. It is a significant example of the fatuity and ease of misread- ing history, but there is one sentence which stands out France has never shown her- self so senseless, so pitiful, so worthy of contempt and reprobation as at the present moment." That was the opinion of The Times in December, >870, and readers will gather from the Review reprint, to quote the Editor's footnote, a rich harvest of sobering thoughts." One other article also deals with an as- pect of the International situation. This is the question of the Ukraine. The writer is Peter Didushok, a delegate to the Lu- cerne Conference from the Ukrainian Social Democratic Party, and he gives a most il- luminating summary of the history of the Ukrainian, and the circumstances prevail- ing there at present. The size of the coun- try, he points out, is twice that of Germany before the War, ï5 per cent, of the forty mittion inhabitants present "in their an- thropological, spiritual, and social structure a completely distinct national group," do- minating Bessarabia and other districts of pre-war Russia, the northern portion of Hungary, Eastern Galicia, and the Buko- vina. Mr. Didushok explains why the Uk- rainians found it necessary to conclude the Brest Peace Treaty with the Rulers of Ger- many, and he speaks bitterly of the heavy burden on the Ukrainian people which fol- lowed until the revolt which over-threw Scoropadsky, and re-established the re- public with a Socialist Directory, which still stands, and under which great progress has been made, including the establish- ment of three universities, 127 high schools, and 2,300 primary public schools. Seven pages of interesting book reviews complete a number of 96 pages, every one of which is of interest, as the above short summaries indicate. It concludes( volume 16 of the Socialist Review, and we under- stand that, although no index is included, a copy will be sent to every subscriber de- siring same in order to bind up the separate parts for the current year.


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