j I IHE?M ROYAL & EMPIRE PALACE, Smithson. 5 Merthyr j Managing Director—Mr. William Firth. Licensee—Mr. Will I 5 General Manager—Mr. Fred Dry. ? _? ￼ 16-45 TWICE NIGHTLY. -I t Week commencin?g MONDAY, MAY 26th. ?OiO I s I Enormous Attraction John Worth's Company j ? ? In a New Play on the Great Social Reform. I IGNORANCE 1 I The Story of a Submerged Family. For Adults only. I' I By Clifford Rean, I I s IGNORANCE may be a reason for wrong doing, jI t It is NEVER AN EXCUSE. I CIRCLE STALLS PIT GALLE.Y I 1 Prices of Admissice: Ordinary Doors— 1?5 1?- 7d 4d. 2 Tax, 4d. Tax, 3d.. Tax, 2d. Tax, Id. 2 I Booked and Early Doors- 1/8 1/2 9d. I I Tax, 4d. Tax, 4d. Tax, 3d. I I Next Week-Albert de Courville's London Hippodrome Success—ZIG-ZAG | '■■■■iliaaHMMaHMniMHai MHillMBBHMBHIMMHiMaHHBI r" II j Merthyr Electric Theatre I Mertl!comi!!aY !eatre I J CONTI NUOUS PERFORMANCE FROM 2.30 P.M. DAILY. j I Monday Tuesday and Wednesday- I 1 The Stoll Film Co. present Mr. Lauri de Frece in the Super Production Masterpiece- | | | ONCE UPON A TIME | | II: I ecramairmPh of the Bhl :r: I I N A sympathetic story which appeals to all. I Count Bernstorff's Secrets (Episode 18)-The Menace of the I.W.W., or the Plot I ? against the Coal Industry. I • The Paramount Comedy-His Wedding Night-The Favourite Fatty in a Rollicking ￼ Farce. Pathe's Gazette, showing the latest in Peace and Flying Events, B I Thursday, Friday, and Saturday- I ? The Stoll Film Company's Sensational Drama- I "THE DANC;ER CIAME! I When a nice girl becomes a burglar, there's a reason for it— good or bad. I The Sunshine Comedy — A TIGHT SQUEEZE — A Laugh from Start to Finsh. 2 ? Prices of Admission. 5d., 9d., 1/3 including Tax. I 1 Patrons please note evefully On Mondays, Thursdays, Saturdays and Holidays, I 5 Children admitted at half-price until 4 o'clock, and after that time at full price. 2 Lit II It .i j. _|j — Are unrivalled for all Irregularities, etc., they —?- m.t??t_t ? speedily afford relief and never fail to alleviate — all suffering. They supersede Pennyroyal, Pill iDII I 55 mm—mm Cochia, Bitter, Apple, &c. Blanchard's are the 1 best ef all Pills for Women. Sold 10 boxes, 1/1, by BOOTS' Branches and all Chemists, or post free, same price, fromi LESLIE MARTIN, Ltd., Chemists, 34 Dalston Lane, London. Samples and valuable booklet sent free, Id. stamp. HOPE CHAPEL, MERTHYR. SUNDAY MAY, 25th, 1919. Preacher- Rev. Thomas Jones (Abertridwr). j gervioes to bogln at 11 ololook and 6 p.m. j DEAFNESS CATARRH, HEAD NOISES, easily cured I in a few days by the new i" FRENCH ORLENE." Scores of wonderful cures I reported. COMPLETELY CURED. Age 76. Mr. Thomas Winslade, of Borden, Hants, writes I am delighted I tried the new Orlene," for the head noises. I am pleased to tell you, ARE GONE, and I can hear as well as ever I couid in my life. I think it wonderful, as I am 76 years old, and the people here are surprised to think I can hear so well again at my age." Many other equally good reports. Try one box to-day, which can be forwarded to any address upon the receipt of money order for 2/9. THERE 18 NOTHING BETTER AT ANY PRICE. Address, ORLEN E 11 Co., Railway Crcsoont, West Croydon, Surrey, Eng NATIONAL SOCIETY FOR THE PREVENTION OF CRUELTY TO CHILDREN. Children's Sunday in Merthyr and District. will be held on SUNDAY NICHT, JUNE 1st, at 7.45 p.m. in the TEMPERANCE HALL, MERTHYR TYDFIL. Chair to be taken at 7.45 p.m. by MR. H. S. BERRY. SPEAKERS: MR. ROBERT J. PARR, O.B.E. REV. ARTHUR JONES. REV. DANIEL LEWIS. COUNCILLOR W, T. C. MARSH. Items by the Penywern Male Voice Ohoir (Conductor, Mr. Evan Thomas). A Hearty Welcome is extended to All. Sermons or Statements willbe given in a large number of Churches on June ] st with reference to the work of the Society. OW HELP THOSE WHO HELP lw YOUR PAPERI. INDEPENDENT LABOUR PARTY (Welsh Division). A CREAT I DEMONSTRATION will be held at Porthcawl on Whit-Monday » AT 6 P.M. Speakers-MISS PALLISTER, &c. N.S.P.C.C. MERTHYR WORKERS COMMITTEE. HOPE MEMORIAL HALL, ON SATURDAY, MAY 31st, at 7 p.m. A meTtinq of Workers and all interested in the work of the N.S.P.C.C. are In- vited to meet MR. ROBERT J. PARR, O.B.E. Chairman—MR. A. J. BROBYN. A Musical Programme will be given. MERTHYR I.L.P. SUMMER PROPAGANDA. THOMASTOWN PARK, MERTHYR, SUNDAY, MAY 25th. AFTERNOON at 2.45- MR. ROBERT WILLIAMS (Transport Workers). EVENING at 7.30— MR. R. P. SHEPPARD (Wolverhampton). DRAWING for A. Stocks, Gilfach postponed. Result will be published on June 20, 1919. Note Secretary's changed address. Communica- tions addressed to Hy. Griffin, n Margaret Street, Gilfach, Bargoed. WINNING Numbers of Prize Drawing for TV Mrs. Thomas, Brithdir: 471, 108, 268, 175, 265, 740, 93, 689, 1109, 715, 1320, 1314, 276.—J. Harris, Secretary.
PARLIAMENTARY BOROUGH I OF MERTHYR TYDFIL. (Merthyr Tydfil Division). I Representation of the People Act, 1918. 1 SPRINC RECISTER, 1919. N, OTTCE IS HEREBY GIVEN that Copies of 11 the Register of Electors in the above Divi- sion are published and may be inspected at the Principal Post Office, Merthyr Tydfil, and the Town Hall, Merthyr Tydfil. Copies of the part of the Register relating to any particular Registration Unit are published and may be inspected at the Sub Post Offices and Public Libraries throughout the Division. T. ANEURYN REES, Registration Officer. 1 ov ii Hall, Merthyr Tydfil, 15th May, 1919.
The Menace of Militarism. THE confession of Mr. Vernon Hartshorn, M.P., at last Saturday's Conference at Cardiff, that his trust in the good faith and pledged word of Imperialist politicians on the question of con- scription had been misplaced, and that it is per- fectly obvious that only the determined use of every available weapon by the organised workers of the country will serve to remove the menace of a perpetual compulsory military service in this country, should be brought to the attention of all Labourites who, with Mr. Hartshorn, re- garded the I.L.P. pacifist attitude as entirely outside the realm of practical politics. Unfor- tunately, not all the South Walians who split with us on the question of our war attitude possess that real greatness that allows Mr. Hart- shorn to admit a mistake, and hasten to rectify it. By an unfortunate kink of psychology the discovery of error too often betrays the dis- coverer to a still more envenomed opposition to those whom circumstances prove to have been right in opposing the things for which he stood. That must be avoided in the present circum- stances. Capitalism has come out of this war stronger than it went into it. Reaction has reached a pitch of consciousness, and has bgen prodded by the greatest factor of all—fear, to such an extent by the raising of the Red Flag of Socialism in Russia and Germany, and by the manifestations of the arousing power of the British proletariat, that from now forward it is unlikely that any strong body of opinion within itself will do other than seek. to fortify its tot- tering position at the crown of society by any and every means available. And the best means of all is Conscription—or so they think. Con- scription will be favoured from every forum of Capitalism; and the whole malicious Press will ere long openly and insidiously seek to super- impose the idea that compulsory service is both necessary and beneficial to our national- life, and essential to our international relationships. The consolidated power of money is going to be thrown into the scale—and that power controls almost every avenue along which ideas can come to the people. The Press, the platform, and to a large extent the pulpit and stage can be and will be enlisted in an attempt to militarise our lives that will not be cojitcnt until it can seize the plastic material of the child as well as the somnolent forms of the child's father and big brother. Already the strict, letter of the Mili- tary Service Act has been broken, and the deadly and damnable system shackled to us for another twelve months. And so far we have not displayed that concern that will lead to action to counterblast the heavy artillery and secret diplomacy that Capitalism is using and will pro- ceed to use in greater measure as the days pass by. It is true that an extremely militant and relatively large section of the trades unionists, co-operators, and even the churches and chapels have already allied themselves with the Social Democrats in undertaking the task of cleaning this hateful growth of militarism from the soil of the nation; but in view of the opposition to be faced and overcome it is essential that the fighting front should be so extended, and co-or- dinated and solidfied that the mere mention of the word Conscription will serve to raise a cry of execration against its utterer. There is no room for a divergence of opinion on this import- ant topic in the ranks of progressc, and for this reason Capitalism—and for the matter of that any and every form. of Government—stands or falls in the last analysis by the effective force it can bring to bear to compel the observance of its decrees and the carrying out of its wishes. The capitalists as a class are relatively an in- significant fraction of the numerical strength of the nation, and by no exertion (0 a moral or economic force can they superimpose their will upon an enlightened democracy. Their appeal must essentially be to the stark naked, ugly force of armed power. And the creation of that armed power, meaning as it does the segregation of its units, does create, as Mr. Cramp argued on Saturday, a buffer class that stands between themselves and Socialism. Democracy is awak- ening, and the process of statization that the heavy burdens of the war has made the inevit- able development of Capitalism, will assist the process of awakening. But when the process is complete, and when awakenment has accom- panied it, then progress will be barred except at the cost of bloody revolution, of agony and chaos, if Capitalism shall have succeeded in its present design of fortifying its instability with bayonets and swords in the hands of conscripts. Conscription, on the other hand, is neither necessary nor desirable to the workers in work- ing out their emancipation. The numerical strength of the working-classes allows them to control politics whenever they are enlightened enough to do it, and their entire control of the economic process of productin and distribution constitutes a force against which nothing that Capitalism as a system, unaided by an army of strike-breaking soldiers, can bring can stand for a day. It is, then, bur duty to see that this barrier that can be erected to stay the timely advance of Democracy shall not be erected; and in the absence of that real political consciousness of Democracy in the legislature the task is largely one of propagation until the trades union movement shall have been brought to realise that in this most important question there is no other course than to challenge the Government openly. What has to be worked for is the pre- sentation of an ultimatum to Westminster. An ultimatum that shall say in unmistakable terms withdraw conscription and banish the thought of Militarism from your politics; or on a specified date the wheels of industry shall cease to run, and vou will be toppled in the dust of defeat. South Wales as a whole is quite prepared to do that now5 but the issue affects more than South Wales alone, and Trades Union Congress must be made to tackle the question from the greater foundation of National action. J
Militarism in the Schools. I ["Militarism in Education," John Langdon I Da vies. Headley Bros., 1 and 216,1 "At school we used to be 'drilled in the playground once a week, I have but to think of it, even after 40 yeajs and there wmes back upon me that tremor of passionate misery. I hated the standing in line, the thrusting out of arms and legs at a signal, the thud of feet stamping in constrained unison. In- all serious- ness I believe that something of the nervous in- stability from which I have suffered since boy- hood is traceable to those accursed hours of drill. —GEORGE GISSING. AN OPPORTUNE BOOK. Mr. Langdon Davies' book comes at a most opportune moment. After four and a half years of war the general public is beginning once again to take a slight interest in what is hap- pening in the schools, in what is likely to hap- pen to the future generations whose characters ,are now being moulded in our educational insti- tutions, and it is just the time to get attention concentrated on some very sinister attempts to militarise the schools. The whole problem of military training in the schools is very thor- oughly dealt with, the case of the advocates of militarism examined and exposed, and the alter- native principles of physical training as opposed to military training explained and suggested. MILITARY TRADITIONS. It was a commonplace remark during the early days of the year "The Germans were pre- pared for it, they were taught it in the schools." That was quite true, the educational system of Prussia reflected the historical traditions and the national ideals of the military caste who had control over political power, and the Govern- ment took care that the schoolchildren were taught to respect and reverence the Prussian State and the people who had helped to make it. But the same can he said about the educational system in Great Britain. We. too, were taught the historical traditions and the national ideals of Imperialism. The reading books that we read in school were Empire Readers and "Nelson Readers," the poetry that we were taught was Ye Mariners of England and The Battle of the Baltic," and on Fridays we were given "Westward Ho," "The Life of Nelson" and the novels of Sir Walter Scott. We were not taught the history of the nation but only the naval and military traditions of the ruling elapses, and so when war came in 1914 i the people were easily misled by any ranter who shoutedvthe old catchwords which they had seen in the Standard Y. reading books. Now if we are going to teach children history, it might be taught as Mr. Davies suggests, in the way it is taught in the Danish High Schools, where the adolescent is taught to revere his country's spirit as it is revealed in folk song and myth- ology. music and art, to express in himself all that is best in this spiritual heritage." CADET CORPS IN THE SCHOOLS. Since the war the militarists have had much their own way, in the schools as everywhere else, and right throughout the country military train- ing has become an important part of the curri- culum. Sir Richard Hannell in "Looking Ahead says, It will be sufficient here to re- cord the steady progress of voluntary Cadet Corps in our county secondary schools through- out the country." These corps which before the war were to be found largely in the big aristo- cratic public schools, are now to be found in the secondary schools, where the scholars are largely drawn from the working classes. It is for work- ing class representatives on Education Commit- tees to see that they have not come to stay. In the secondary schools of South Wales the boys are being trained in these corps—trained to sub- mit meekly to all the servility of military dis- cipline. Some of the boys have stood out against it. I have in mind one of the local schools where two boys have stood out for the last three years, and now five more have joined them, and the re- sistance is likely to spread. It takes a great deal of courage for a schoolboy to stand alone against the headmaster, the teachers and his comrades, and these boys should be backed up by their supporters outside and the headmasters should be given to understand that there is a strong organised body of public opinion that ap- preciates the stand these schoolboys are making against militarism and tyranny. There Is one grander thing than. fighting against tyranny oneself, it is to see a boy fighting it. It is not true to say that the boys want it. no boy with the slightest spirit likes to be shouted at and be made to mark time" and "left turn." Alec Waugh in the Town of Youth" gives an excellent description of one of these corps in one of the large public schools, and the attitude of mind of a natural healthy boy to- wards the drill sergeant. THE MILITARIST ARGUMENT. Now the chief argument that the militarist uses is this: Introduce military drill into the schools, and it will make the boys physically stronger, it will make men of them. This on the surface sounds plausihlp, for there is little doubt that the open-air camp life that the sol- dier leads tends to make him a healthy animal. But that is no argument for military training, it is only an argument for an active open-air life. Military training carried to its logical conclu- sion means men in hospital blue, the men whom we see about the streets with arms and legs and eyes missing, physical wrecks, broken men in- capacitated for -life. The latest books written by specialists on physical education tell us that the forced automatic movements are of much less value than the free, spontaneous movements of the child at play. "So far," says Dr. Saleeby in 'Parenthood and Race Culture," "as true race culture is concerned, we should regard our muscles merely as servants or instruments of the will. This is a matter, however, not of muscle at all, but of nervous education. Its foundation cannot be laid bv mechanical things, like dumb-bells and exercises, but by games in which will and pur- pose and co-ordination are incessantly employed. In other words, the only physical culture worth talking about is nervous culture. The principles here laid down are daily defied in very large measure in our nurseries, our schools and our barrack yards. The play of a child, spontaneous and purposeful, is supremely human and char- acteristic. Here we see muscles used as human muscles should be used, as instruments of mind. In schools the same principles should be recog- nised. From the biological and psychological point of view the playing field is immensely superior to the gymnasium." WHAT GERMANY IS DOINC. Tn an interesting appendix Mr. Davies gives us some of the points of the policy of Herr Haniseh, the new German Minister of Educa- tion. I commend them to our local educational authorities:— (1) All chauvinism (Jingoism) is banished from the instruction and especially the instruc- tion of history. (Continued at foot of next column).
Red and Khaki." A BOOK REVIEW. ["Red and Khaki: Impressions of a Stretcher- Bearer, by Cris. Massie, R.A.M.C. Black- friars Press.] The name of Chris Massie is familiar to .all those who have kept in touch with the From the Front literature, those infinitely pathetic little booklets which have come to us straight from the trenches, as it were, full of pain and longing, full of tenderness and courage, and full of bitter contempt for liatebreeding war-mon- gers. This book of short sketches now published by the Blackfriars Press is sad, not because of the pictures of pain and longing, and weariness of the life out there," but because of the pas- sionate longing to prove that the immense sacri- fice of the soldier must bear fruit. Written by a soldier, himself surrounded by wounded and broken soldiers, these sketches have one key- note "Surely all this must somehow make the world better." Thus in Atonement," the author says: "Out of the earth that men have made with their bodies, it is askinl that something may grow green and ripen, that through this there may be a promise of life." His closing sentence is If there is to be no change, why are men dying? They are dying that other men may live decent lives in a decent world." This sol- dier who has actually faced the enemy, insists over and over again that we are fighting not only against Germans but against the ignorance and superstitition of our own countrymen, against the sinister methods and calculated du- plicity of men to whom has been entrusted the destiny of nations." Like all healthy young things he hates shame and hypocrisy, he revolts against the professional God, old, inefficient and grey-headed." Created by the careless preaching of careless priests. His God is "young and beautiful, swift and strong—a splendid Christ." If any man still thinks of a military victory as the accomplishment of the war, we commend to him the-poignant letter To one I love," where Chris. Massie dreams of the new world which must come. There will be a race of vise mothers and public spirited men, in- stead of workhouses and prisons, attractive in- stitutions for the education of the people. Ig- norance is painful and dangerous." Alas, since these charming little sketches were penned, the soldiers have returned to find that the real enemy of which the author speaks has yet to be fought. To all those who earnestly long for the dawn of a real peace we heartily commend this book. Not only ha.s it the charm of dainty descrip- tions, but it is of real value in putting the Socialist soldiers' point of view. The letter, "To my Socialist Friends at Home," should be read by every member of our movement. It is a clarion call fof unity—for the acceptance of personal responsihility for our country's failure, which comes with great freshness and force, while to some of us who have heard the adjec- tive unpatriotic applied until we are sick of the sound of it, it is very comforting to read from the pen of a fighting man that The Patriotism which sets up enmity between country and coun- try is another name for murder. We congratu- late the Blackfriars Press on the clear and at- tractive printing of the book and advise our readers to secure a copy as soon as-possible.
I The Explosion. "Twas summer morn, when golden corn Adorned fair rural Wales, 'Twas summer when, the coal-grimed men Trooped forth in blacker vales. They hie from work where terrors lurk Deep down. the gloomy mine, Where daily toil their faces soil, Far from the summer shine. No warning passed, the awful blast With suddenness rent the gloom, The timbers reeled, Death quickly sealed Tliat raging fiery tomb. Oh. God! those moans, and piteous groans; What mean those awful shrieks? Tis man, and lad, Death-haunted, mad; Who for their safety seek. The papers lack, not headlines black Or sympathetic column, They give the news, condoling dues, And start donations for them But as the black gets further back Their sympathy goes, too, For now, the press, instead of bless, Will curse the dirty crew." I "1" No human wants suc h idle vaunts, But sympathy that last1 Not only when Life's storm-tossed men Are scorcned with fiery blasts. Ah, let us think of those who sink Far down the mine for bread, If when they live no cheer you give, You should not wail them dead. We sing a lay of brighter day, The darker ones are passing, But comrades all! Ideal Hall i-vill ne'er lx? got by asking. Yes! fight we must, for daily crust And likewise for conditions, To got our share of God's free air Wo must suffer more abrasions. I APUlLYM.
I. L. P. at Porthcawl. OPEN-AIR DEMONSTRATION TO FOLLOW CONFERENCE. On the occasion of the Annual Divisional Con- ference in Portlioawl on Whit-Mondav an open- air demonstration will he held in the evening. The speakers will include Miss Pallister. Many branches are making special arrangements for the members to reach the popular seaside resort, and a big muster is already assured. The Agendas should now be in the hands of the Branch Secretary. Any Branch which has not yet received one should write to the Divisional Secretary.
(2) Physical culture has been deprived of its military character. (3) Teachers who have been punished for their political or religious convictions are to be re-instated. (4) Wherever hitherto the reading of history or any other subject has been used as a means of installing hatred for other nations, this must now be absolutely discontinued. It gp must be replaced by instruction completely in harmony with the facts and real history. All partial or inexact information regarding, the world war and its causes is to be avoided. (5) All books glorifying war as such shall be banished from the school libraries. Mr. Davies' book should be in the hands of all members of Education Committees, teachers and I students. E.H.