In Memoriam. DEATH OF ALBERT RUDALL, C.O. We regret to announce the death of Albert I Rudall, of Newport, Mon. Comrade Rudall was an old I.L.P.er, and one of the original C.O.'s to he arrested under the Military Service Act. After his imprisonment he was released on to the Home Office Scheme and worked at Keddingr ton, Warwick and Dartmoor. A short while ago he was allowed to proceed home to find work under the H.O. new scheme of Exceptional Em- ployment and, owing to the time-limit imposed in such cases, was compelled to undertake work for which he was entirely unsnited. The result is he has left us for good. His Newport com- rades are filled with grief at the loss of so sin- cere, unassuming, blit enthusiastic a supporter of freedom and international brotherhood—a grief which we feel sure will he reflected throughout the whole C.O. movement.
j THEATRE ROYAL & EMPIRE PALACE, Mert?r I t? Licensee—Mr. Will Smithson. Genera! Manager—Mr. Fred Dry. ■ ￼ ￼ z z 16.30 TWICE NIGHTLY. 8.30 j Week commencing MONDAY, OCTOBER 21st, 1918. I Monday, Tuesday & Wednesday-Marion Fawcett and I Louis Hector's Company PRESENT I P R E I WHAT HAPPENED TO JONES I I A Farcical Comedy in Three Acts. I | Thursday, Friday & Saturday—The Great Woman Play: j THE WOMAN IN THE CASE I _1.- ?* C!rcte, ?5 Stalls, 1/= Pit, 7d. Gallery, 4d. | PLUS N?W TAX. J r" U(- u_ j M ertemm! !!Obe!. ea tre j I Week commencing Monday, October 21st. I I | CONTINUOUS PERFORMANCE FROM 2.30 TiLL 10.30 P.M. DAILY. I2 I Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday- ■ "THE ROSE OF BLOOD" featuring | TMEDA BARA The Further Exploits of Judex "—Part 2—Three Reels. Charlie Chaplin in "Charlie's Night Out." I Pathe's Coloured Pictorial and Pathe's Gazette. J I I ThaYBËTaRYE.;mm!-m; |I B R A Y D ￼ With MIRIAM COOPER. I A SELF-MADE LADY—Sunshine Comedy. I I THE BULL'S EYE-Part 9. Pathe's Gazette, Comedies, &c. | I PRICES: 5d., 9d., 1/3 including Tax. Children: 3d., 5d. & 8d. I N ,Children's Performance at One o'clock on Saturdays. Ordinary Saturday Performance starts at 3.30 o'clock. Other Days 2.30 as usual. larnJ RL £ » k EM XX M H r%) g-i '?? unrivalled for all Irregularities, etc., they ?—?j- ??? ??t????tf?t ?? ?L? ? speedily afford relief and never fail to alleviate all suffering. They supersede Pennyroyal, Pill smm PILLS Cochia, Bitter, Apple, &c. Blanchard's are the ■ best of all Pills for Women. Sold in boxes, I/U2, by BOOTS' Branches and all Chemists, or post free, same price, from eESLIE MARTIN, Ltd., Chemists, 34 Dalston Lane, London. Samples and valuable booklet sent free, Id. stamp. BOOKS fa Ancient Society," Morgan, 6/6. Socialism and Philosophy," Labriola, 4/3. Economic Determinism," Parce, 4/3. Stories of the Cave People, Marcy, 4/3. Principles of Scientific Socialism, Vail, 4/3. Economic Causes of War," Loria, 4/3. War and the Balkans," Buxton, 3/6. International Socialism and the War," Humphrey, 3/6. The Commonweal," Hillier, 1/3. "The Eighteenth Brumaire, Marx, 1/- and 1/11 The Socialist Argument," Hitchcock, 1/- In ordering, please add postage. All Fabian, I.L.P. and S.L.P. literature stocked. OUR SHOP, Pontmorlais, Merthyr HOPE CHAPEL, MERTHYR, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 20th, 1918. Preacher- Rev. J. Morgan Jones, M.A. SUBJ ECT-" TH E CRISIS." Services to begin at 11 o'clock and 6 p.m. PONTYPRIDD AND MID-RHONDDA. A CONFERENCE will be held at THE I.L.P. ROOMS, PONTYPRIDD, ON SATURDAY, OCTOBER 19th, at 6.30 p.m., To consider the work of the I.L.P. in this district. All members of the I.L.P. and those wishing to join are invited to attend. IW HELP THOSE WHO HELP YOUR PAPER. KEIR HARDIE MEMORIAL MEETING Under the auspices of Merthyr I.L.P. THE OLYMPIA RINK, MERTHYR. SUNDAY, OCTOBER 27th, 1918. SPEAKERS:— Mr. J. RAMSAY MACDONALD M.P., and REV. J. MORGAN JONES Chairman — MR. JAMES WINSTONE (Labour Camlidat for Merthyr). Doors Open at 1.45 p.m. Meeting to Commence at 2.45 p.m. prompt. ADMISSION BY SILVER COLLECTION. P.S.-MISS HELEN CRAWFURD (Clasgow) will speak at Bentley's Hall on Wednesday, October 30th. at 7.45 p.m. LIBERAL WOMEN AND 400. The Lancashire and Cheshire Union of W omen's Liberal Associations has passed a re- solution strongly reiterating its protest against the administration of Regulation of Vice Order 40 D, and demanding the imVnediate withdrawal of the order as now administered against women only. HP 1 rtirAft CATARRH. HEAD NOISES, easily cured HHt?Nf\\ in a few days by the new )" FRENCH DEAF NESS ORLENE." Scores of wonderful cures reported. COMPLETELY CURED. Age 76. Mr. Thomas Winslade, of Borden, Hants, writes: I am delighted I tried the new Orlene," for the head noises. I am pleased to tell you, ARE GONE, and I can hear as well as ever I couid in my life. I think it wonderful, as I am 76 years old, and the people here are surprised to think I can hear so we)) again at my age," Many other equally good reports. Try one box to-day, which can be forwarded to any address upon the receipt of money order for 2/9. THERE IS NOTHING BETTER AT ANY PRICE. Address, ORLENE 11 Co., Railway Crescent, West Croydon, Surrey, Eng.
Liberalising Germany. I THE events of the past fortnight have been be- j wilderingly fertile in promises of an early re- turn to sanity. Germany, who nine short months ago was pressing forward in a swift menacing advance that carried all before it during its brief zenith has admitted defeat and ltas asked for the negotiations to be opened, expresstng her wi llingness to evacuate the territory shp holds on the Western Front. And President Wilson has replied in a note which, in the lIsuul involve;) phrasology, says the sincerity of the German profession is to be gnaged from the absence of any huckstering spirit in respect to the with- drawal within her own borders and lias ill- cluded a clause that has become known as "The Kaiser must go," hut which in reality means much more than that. And it is upon this last point that any element of doubt respecting the probability of an early peace revolves. No one is more anxious to retire aiftocratic monarchy permanently from business than the Socialist. We dislike and cordially dislike a constitution that enables one man to arbitrarily dictate a na- tions policy and gamble with a nation's fate. But we are not so historically blind as to believe that what England did in her revolution of 1688 in defining her ruler as a constitutional mon- arch, would have been done effectively, if at all, at the dictates of even a triumph flushed coali- tioit of enemies that looked like passing from triumph to triumph. Even if monarchy may be limited under such conditions, it resembles too much a case of throwing Jofllli-to the whale to give any indications of the necessary change of heart that must go to the real liberalisation of Germany. The problem is not one of removing a single man. or a family it goes much deeper. To solve the problem of Prussian militarism means, if our newspapers, pamphleteers and even hook writers of the past four years have been correct, is to solve the problem of getting rid of a process of national discipline and State education consistently and continuously preached through every channel of instruction and sugges- tion for at least two decades • and getting rid not of a family but a whole class, and a powerful financial and political class at that. If that class is to be eliminated it can only be success- fully eliminated by a slow tedious process of liberal evolution withinthe German people them- selves, actuated by knowledge and not by fear. For if it is in the panic of the moment that a nation casts out a ruling family, there is 110 guarantee of the change of heart that is the real thing desired. If President Wilson's terms are minimum terms and the Hohenzollerns are retired from Kingship with all the spectacular I stage setting that would appease the Kaiscr- 111 list-go crowd, we shall still be no nearer to a real security from the menace of the Prussian or any other jack-boot. Momentary repentance attested by the whole panoply of bell, book and caudle expulsion carried out for the gratifica- tiol.) (ff cinema photographers and newspaper caption writers is worse than useless if it is a solution that we are considering. Only one cir- cumstance may make President Wilson's condi- tion possible, and that circumstance is one that would have made his purpose ultimately sure whether this war had occurred or not—especially if not. That circumstance is that the liberalisa- tion of Germany had begun and developed to a remarkable extent before the battle-calls sounded a halt, in the work, if halt -there has been. The German Social Democracy was a much more .real—and is to-day a much more real—menace to Junkerdom and Prussiamism that all the Notes that President Wi 1 son could write if he had hands enough to wield all the pens that are manufactured in America, or was so hydra-headed that he could dictate at once to all the shorthand typists that ever chewed gum and drawled "say" as the expression of complete nationality. President Wilson's last note is a challenge to German Social Democracy, and if it is responded to as our frothy mouthed patriots would wish, it is because in the past German Social Democracy has done its work so well that its purpose is within the possibility of immediate achievement. Whether that point has been reached to-day and peace comes, or whether that point is not yet and years of struggle and slaughter are to pass away before peace dawns once more, is independent of any utterance from outside. Things happen not because we want them to happen, but because conditions are ripe for their happening. Tf Germany has not naturally tired of her thraldom, then the task that President Wilson is settiVig is one of weaving political images—and the threads he- uses in the future will be threads deep dyed with the blood of the needlesslv slain. If slw is tired, honestly and sincerely convinced bv the mad, bad happenings, that the Socialists within her own frontiers were right when they fought the forcps of reaction and privilege within them- selves, then we may have to thank the American President for saying the i%oi-d "Go! but the going will nevertheless be due to the impulse from within, an impulse that has been working up to the point for long years. We pray the l moment be ripe.
I LABOUR RESEARCH DEPARTMENT. I Mr. Sidney Webb presided at the annual meeting of the Labour Research Department, formerly the Fabian Research Department, in London last Saturday. It was reported at the meeting that the number of affiliated societies had increased from 55 to 246 during the past year. Among the members of the Executive for the year 1918-1919 are Messrs. G. D. H. Cole, Sidney Webb, A. Hainsworth (Co-operative- Clerks' Association), D. Carmichael (London Trades Council), H. H. Slesser, John Turner (Shop Asssit ants' Union) and Prof. F. Hall (Co- operative Union).
j Minority Becomes Majority I BALANCE OF FORCES IN THE FRENCH ?OCtAUST PARTY. LONCUET AND CACHIN IN MAJORITY. One result of the French Socialist Congress held in Paris last week has been to show that the old Majority Section of the Party led by M. Renaudel and Albert Thomas is now in fact the Minority fraction, and that the followers or MM.' Longuet and Cachin are now actually in the Majority. in the election of the Party Exe- cutive the new Majority will have twelve repre- sentatives, the new Minority ten, and the Kien- thalians two. M. Cachin has become political director of Hmnallité" in succession to M. Renaudel, who has controlled the paper for several years, and M. Frossard has been ap- pointed general secretary of the Executive in place.of M. Dubreuil. The triumph of M. Lon- guet and his followers was signalised by the adoption of a resolution by !)28 votes to 1,212, declaring that the Party while supporting na- tional defence reaffirms its adherence to the International, rejects all collaboration with the bourgeois class, and demands the convocation of an international Socialist conference. The re- solution declared that the party should set it- self against any government which continues to oppose the meeting of the International, and against any government which sets aside accept- able peace proposals, or attacks the working- class and its organisations. Against such de- monstrations of reactionary policies, both within and without the country, the Party confers a 1 inundate upon its elected i-ipresentatives to act by applying according to circumstances all the means in their power, including the refusal to vote credits. The reKohttion also condemn? a?! He() intervention in Russia and Siberia, and' de- 1)),I!l(ll(,(! fo!. ill tit(, themselves. The resolution proposed hy M. Renaudel, approving the reply made in the name of President Wilson to the German Chancellor's Note, was adopted with practical unanimity, only the Kientbalians who demanded an armis- tice pure and simple. Avithout conditions, dis- senting. M. Reminders resolution expressed satisfaction Avith the first serious employment of open and direct diplomacy, and declared that the door is thus opened for negotiations between the belligerents with a view to a just peace. It also approved the diplomatic and military guar- antees demanded by the President before an ar- mistice can be granted.
Queensland Legislation. COMPREHENSIVE LIST TO COME BEFORE! PARLIAMENT. The following is a list of Bills wfiich ;l.t the recent opening of the Queensland Parliament it was announced principally comprised the en- sinno1 session's nroiected legislation — £ A Health Act Amendment Bill. A Meat works Bill. A Brisbane Tramways Fares Bill. A Brisbane Tramways Purchase Bill. The City of Brisbane Bill. A Popular Initiative and Referendum Bid. A Bill to Amend the Technical Instruction Act of 1 flOS., A Bill to Amend the Discharged Soldiers' Settlement Act of 1917. A Police Superannuation Bill. A Chillagoe and Etheridge Railways Pur- chase Bill. A State Iron and Steel Works Establishment Bill. A Public Works Standing Committee Bill. A Marsupial Boards Act Amendment Bill. A Dairy Produce Act Amendment Bill. A Valuation of Land Bill. A Land Tax Act Amendment Bill. An Income Tax Act Amendment Bill. A Harbour Boards Act Amendment Bill. A Loan Bill. A Wages Bill. A Diseases in Stock Amendment Bill. A Supreme Court Acts Amendment Bill. A Stamp Act- Amendment- Bill. A Succession and Prohate Duties Act Amend- ment Bill. A Jury Bill. A Constitution Ayt Amendment Bili. A State Enterprises Bill. An Elections Act Amendment Bill. A Local Authorities Act Amendment Bill.
An Appeal. A few days ago a charge- was heard at the Mansion House before Sir Charles Wakefield against C. W. Daniel, Ltd., and ('. W. Daniel, for printing and publishing a. hook entitled De- spised and Rejected." The book referred to was a remarkable psychological study in the form of a novel of two unique types—the conscientious objectors and uranians. The result of the hear- ing was that fines and costs amounting to £ 460 were inflicted upon the defendants, who were granted until November 7th to find the money Tn the great fight which is now prevailing for the freedom of the press and liberty of free speech this comes as a heavy BIOAV against the stalwart little firm of C. W. Daniel, Ltd. Un- less lovers of Freedont come quickly with assist- ance therein a certain danger of Comrade Daniel's business and home being sold up, and in order to avoid this calamity a fund has been inaugurated hy the author of the hook in ques- tion and subscriptions are urgently askeft for from all sympath isers in South Wales, and Avill be gladly acknowledged by Alan Davies, 124 Somerset Road, Newport, Monmouthshire, to whom they should be sent as quickly as pos- sible.
Pit Committees. I t_ I STILL LOOKINC FOR A BASIS OF AGREE- MENT. Another meeting of the Committee of the SMutI) Wales Conciliation Board set up to con- sider what steps should be taken to establish pit committees for the purposes of dealing with the question of absenteeism was held at Cardiff on Monday. Mr. Evan Williams presided over the ownels' representatives, and Mr. James Winstone over the workmen's representatives. The question under consideration was that of the powers to be entrusted to this committee. At previous meetings a set of proposals was made by the Avorkmen's representatives, which the owners contended infringed upon the duties of the management, and on Monday the owners submitted counter-proposals, which were dis- cussed, but the meeting adjourned without ar- riving at a, decision, each party undertaking to consider certain suggestions made so as to over-
A Deserved Tribute. I BUILDERS HONOUR W. T. LLOYD. UNSTINTED SERVICES FOR HIS CLASS I AND INDUSTRY. At- the district meeting of Operative Brick- layer's' Society there was a pleasant change in the business when the Chairman, W. R. Lee, J.P. (Barry), announced that they had a plea- sant duty to perform by presenting their dis- trict secretary, W. T. Lloyd, Avith an attache case- and a morocco wallet containing John Bradbury's." together with an umbrella for frs. W. T. Lloyd. .11. Harry .1, Moore (Newport), organiser made the presentations, and D, Davies (Mer- thvr), J. E. Williams (Blackwood), Councillor M organ .Jones (Bargoed), Mr. Trehar (Car- penters and .Joiners) added their tribute to the services as the Bricklayer's "secretary, as weli as the public and social duties carried out by W. T. Lloyd. Messrs. M. C. Price and E, Wadrup. who had been appointed as secretary and treasurer of the Presentation Fund read agreeable communi- cationstrotnseverat branches who were unable to send delegates to the meeting. Branches in the district contributing to the fund were Merthyr, Bargoed, Rhymney, Blackwood Ehhw Yale, Blaenavon, Abertillery. Panteg and New- port. Members of the secretary's own branch king away in p laces such as Middlesborough, Lincoln. Sheffield. Bristol. CbepstoAv, Ebbw Yale had also hastened to add their quota in ap- preciation of Mr. Lloyd's unflagging seiA-iee. All spoke with thankfulness of the wonderful strides the Operative Bricklayers' Society had made and hoped that under the new regulations of the Society there would be further advances in the direction of binding together all workersvin the building industry. Among the work carried 011 by Mr. W. Lloyd Avas mentioned the follow ing as show ing that his time was fully occupied District secretary of Fast Glamorgan and Monmouthshire O.B.S., chairman of Rhymney Valley Building Trades Federation, workmen's secretary of Rhymney Building Trades Federation Conciliation Board, representative of Building Trades 011 Local Ad- visory Committee, member of .Joint Committee of Advisory and War Pensions Committees. Executive M ember of Gelligaer Trades and La- bour Council, member of Rhymney Cottage Hos- pital. Committee, chairman of Disablement- Com- mittee, member Gelligaer War Pensions Com- mittee, chairman of Bnmoed and District Work- men's Institutes.
The Way To Do It. CONTROL COMMITTEE BREAK MILK BOYCOTT. Food Control Committee has broken the boycott of the far- mers there who ceased to deliver milk be-canse their demand for a retail price of 8V a quart, a halfpenny higher than the price fixed by the Control Committee f<w tJi»- pv^rbxi• Octo b er 1st to April ;30th was not conceded. The i boycott took place on September 30tii and i the Comm ittee appealed to the Food Coii- .ii) and the Committee appealed to the Food Con- troller for powers to requisition the milk at the | farms which was granted, and for a week the Committee undertook the distribution of milk in its area. In that time the farmers were brought to their senses, and the regular vendors are once more making their rounds and selling at a price of 8d. per quart for the Avinter season, Avith a provisional right to ask for a reversion at a later' date.
Not On Speaking Terms." LONDON CORRESPONDENT ON RELA- TIONS OF KAISER & PRINCE MAX. 'flu1 repeated implication that Prince Max is merely the tool of the German Emperor and the Junker class of jack-booted rulers, which is con- tained in the conversation of every "(;I't-a-bit.- of-our-OAvii-back-on-t he-devils," and in almost every other paragraph in the daily press these days, received a nasty blow from the London Correspondent of the Manchester Guardian" man conduct of the war. He has been virtually the best authority that Prince Max of Baden has had to pay for his critical attitude to the Ger- man conduct of he war. He has been virtually ostracised for some time by the Kaiser and the military party. It is significant of the straits to which Germany is reduced that the Kaiser should have been compelled to take for his Chancellor, a personage with whom he had ceased to be Oil speaking terms."
Ebbw Vale Quiet Again. MANAGEMENT MEETS MEN. We are pleased to be aide to report that things are smoothing out at Ebbw \~ale, and that the atmosphere of the works is calmer and mor e promising than it has been for some time. Mr. Mills, the general manager, has met the men and has promised investigation in the many small grievances that collectively produced the tension that Ifiad reached such dangerous limits. W e congratulate Mr. Mill s on his tact and good sense, and trust that once the tangle has been unravelled, the connection between the manage- ment and the men's associations will be direct a nd personal 011 all things touching both man- agement, and trade union rights. If that is done—as seems most likely—then there is no need to think of EbbAV Yale with anxious fore- boding as has been the case these last few weeks.
Intimidating Firemen. i EXAMINERS' ASSOCIATION ON ITS METTLE. At ,t meeting of the South Wales Colliery Examiners' Association held in the Park Hotel, j I Cardiff, on Monday, it was stated that in some | collieries where Firemen had recently joined the Association that were being intimidated by the management, and it was agreed that full parti- culars should be obtained in all such cases, and steps taken to bring them before the Joint Board, with a view. tQ putting a stop to such practices. It was also resolved to take steps to secure the membership of all non-members it was felt, were reaping benefits from th. s tivities of the Association towards whi I ?