I THEATRE ROYAL & EMPIRE PALACE, Merthyr I Licensee—Mr. Will. Smitbson. Resident Manager—M r. Fred Dry. Is 6.30 TWICE NIGHTLY. 8.30 | Week commencing MONDAY, JUNE 10th, 1918. 1 Welcome Visit of Joe Morrison's Popular Musical Comedy Revue- i "THE DREAM GIRL" j ? SEVEN SCENES OF DELIGHT I I The CMto includes Jos. Bowling, Qua Ern, Nellie Bibbie, Agnes McKenzie, 2 and Eime Curzon. a I Margery Moore in Speciality Dances 1 ? Daisy Squelch and her Big Brass Six! I VW Circle, 1/- Stalls, 9d. Pit, 6d. Gallery, 3d. j II II I'-I PLUS NEW TAX. (flHItimmimHBtw j Merthyr Electric Theatre j I Mertkomi!!ne !eatre i ) CONTINUOUS PERFORMANCE FROM 2.30 TILL 10.30 P.M. DAILY. 1 1 Monday Tuesday) and Wednesday- 1 ic The Bottle Imp j I A Weird Romance, featuring Sessue Hayakawa. I ￼ AN ICE MAN'S BRIDE Triangle Comedy. I A Pathe's Gazette and another Drama and Comedy. j 1 Thursday, Friday, and Saturday- j THE PHANTOM'S SECRET j 1 A ThriU!n? Drama. ? 2 THE RED ACE—Part 7- Pathe's Gazette, &c. 6 I Monday, June 17th—A New Serial will commence THE LASS OF THE I I LUMBER LANDS, featuring the dare-devil Helen Holmes. I I ADMISSION 3d.—Tax, id.; 6d.-Tax, 2d.; 1/—Tax, 3d. I Children's Performance at One o'clock on Saturdays. I m Ordinary Saturday Performance starts at 3.30 o'clock. Other Days 2.30 as usual. 5 II II It II .Î BOOKS TiinbC COOCNIIHLa IN tnt minkiAl ARMOURY. SOCIALISM AFTER THE WAR 1/- By J. R. MACDONALD, M.P. THE STATE 1/3 By WILLIAM PAUL. INDUSTRIAL UNIONISM AND THE MINING INDUSTRY I/- By GEORGE HARVEY. The Democrats Handbook to Merthyr 6d., reduced to 1d., Postage 2d. (A Mine of local Historical and Industrial Information) OUR SHOP, Pontmorlais, Merthyr HOPE CHAPEL, MERTHYR, SUNDAY JUNE 9th, 1918. Rev. J.-Morgran Jones, M.A. A CORDIAL WELCOME EXTENDED TO ALL FIRST EDITION SOLD OUT! Second Edition Now in the Press! THE BOLSHEVIK REVOlUTIOM ITS RISE AND MEANING. By MAXIM LITVIN.OFF (Plenipotentiary of the Russian People's Gov- ernment to Great Britain). With Foreward by E. C. FAIRCHILD. 1/3 net. Post Free, 1/44 (Branch rates 13/6 per dozen, post free). Order in Advance to Save Disappointment. B.S.P., 21a Maiden Lane, Strand, Lond., W.C.2. ARB WE DOING YOUR PRINTING ? We have the most modern equipment, and good work is quickly turned out by Trade Unionists at reasonable rates. NOTE THE ADDRESS THE LABOUR PIONEER PRESS LIVE BOOKS 1 LARGE SUPPLY OF KERR AND CO.'S. PRACTICALLY EVERY I.L.P., S.L.P., B.8.P. AND "HERALD" BOOKS & PAMPHLETS IN STOCK. Afeo good selection of other rare Books not seen in any ather Bookshop in Wales. NOTE ADDRESS— Reformers' Bookstall, 42 HIGH STREET, TONYREFAIL. Pay us a visit or send a card stating your need. LITERARY. UNITARIAN PAMPHLETO on "The BiMe, H?TM," Md "Hell, einm post free. —Misa &axø, Mount P?samt, 8?dmoaih. '7" -=-c -=- I Merthyr Tydfil Local War Pensions Committee. riltiti tj?.?JMiiif?. prepared to -consider T apy?heations from wivæ and DEPENDENTS of men from the County Borough of Merthyr Tydfil serving with His Majesty's Forces for grants towards (1) Rent, (2) Rates, (3) Insur- ance Premiums on Policies taken out before 26th May, 1916, (4) Payments for furniture un- der hire purchise agreements entered into be- fore 26th May, 1916, (5) Interest on Mortgages, (6) School fees of children, (7) Instalments pay- able on loans for the purchase of a dwelling- house, (8) Other like oontraclual obligations. If the application is for Grants exceeding 12/- per week the same should be forwarded to the Mili- tary Service (Civil Liabilities) Committee AS heretofore. Before a grant can be made to a wife in respect of the above mentioned obliga- tions, the Committee must be satisfied that, there is a disproportion between the net income of the household before the man's enlistment and the present income, after taking into ac- count the saving resulting from the absence of the man. In the ease of Dependants other than wives, J the EOIHPA.RISON is between the ASSESSED pre- enlistment dependence and the amount of Separ- ation Allowance paid, and special attention is drawn to the fact, that no grant can be made to a dependant unless the maximum State Separation Allowance is being paid, i.e., 12,1). 6d. for one dependent. For further information apply to the Secre- taries of the Ward and District Committees, or to Trevor Thomas, Genoi-al Secretary, Victoria Chambers. Merthyr Tydfil.
ML John Hodges and Gorton. NOMINATION OF MR. BINNS REGARDED AS VOTE OF CENSURE. PENSION MINISTER GOING TO APPEAL TO ELECTORATE. The nomination by the Gorton Trades and Labour Council of Mr. Binus to challenge the seat of Mr. John Hodge, M.P., at the next General Election has been received by the Pen- sions' Minister as a vote of censure, which he is not conscious, of deserving, and under which he feels that he cannot continue to Bit for the constituency until the electorate has had an op- portunity of declaring its will at the polls. In this attitude he is backed by his own union, the British Steel Smelters, who will finance the fight, and the Iron and Steel Trades Coiiiereda- tion has offered its official support to him should he press the matter to a by-election. Mr. Hodge declared at a joint meeting of the two organisations on Wednesday that he did not believe the vote of the Trades Council has the support of the majority of his constituents, and again declared his intention to test the feeling of the electors as to their approval of his atti- tude on the war and his conduct in Parliament. The National Labour Party is attempting to settle the dispute by conciliation. Mr. Arthur Henderson wrote to the meeting to say that the party has no direct information regarding the position at Gorton. THE executive of the party is extremely anxious to establish improved re- lations between the Gorton Labour Party and Mr. Hodge: and with that end in view the chairman (Mr. Purdy) and Mr. W. C. Robinson have been appointed to discuss the situation with all the parties concerned. The Gorton Trades Council will meet on Tues- day next, and will consider the situation. The present feeling is that a contest just now is out of the question. Mr. Binins (who is a member of the was only nominated as a candidate for the general election.
PLACE YOUR ORDER NOW. The Board of Trade has ordered that no more papers shall be sent out on "Sale or Return after June 24th, 1918. This means if you want "The Pioneer" you must order it. Those of our readers who purchase their copy through a newsagent should place their order at once since newsagents orders well in ad- vance through their wholesale houses. I Literature Secretaries should also observe the I new Regulation, and so avoid any misunder- standings. I
The Spirit of Wales. I THERE is no industrial population in the world that more thoroughly understands the spirit and practice of industrial solidarity than does the industrial democracy of South ■ Wales, and as a consequence it has acquired a consciousness of, its power, and a sense of its dignity that is the despair of reactionaries, whether in the rank# of its own leaders, or the massed forces of its political foes. To us in South Wales the re- mark that an injury done to one is an injury. inflicted on all is not a trite saying that trips smoothly off the tongue 80 much as the expres- sion of A ital truth, adherence to which de- mands that unity of action shall be observed without question of personal loss or inconveni- ence. This lesson has not been taught, as so many SEEM to imagine, by the pi»>mptinge of a national Celtic spirit, but by the bitter experi- ences of industrial life and struggle; lessons so deeply stamped home in many a bitter disciplin- ary conflict that. it has become part of the tex- ture of the life of every worker, and has aroused his consciousness to such an extent tha-t he has developed a capacity for action that is entirely outside of leadership, to which, in fat; it often finds itself opposed. It was this spirit that gave us the Unofficial Reform Gommit-tee, a child of this spirit was the Tredegar dispute, and it was i.his spirit which was spreading the SYMPATHY strike with the Tredegar dispute, just, as it was this spirit that brought 3,500 Ebbw Vale steel- workers out last week because in their opinion one of their comrades had been unjustly dis- missed. It is this spirit of independence and consciousness that lies at the heart of every for- ward movement and from it, we drsfw the bright- est inspiration as to the political and industrial future of South Wales. That future will be ex- pressed in the very van of the Social Democracy of these islands. At the same time we cannot overlook the fact that. this very strength has its weaknesses. This consciousness of itself stimulates the desire for knowledge, and this strength also draws to itself the doctrinaires of many tiehools. Young men acting under the ilJ). pulse of the uplift of this spirit of independent thirst for knowledge, assimilate that which is given them neat and heady; micl i-isk becoming doctrinaires of lop-sided Nielws that temporarily turn their strength into WEAKNESS from over em- NHFL-CIO ill ONE and under emphasis in an- other. An over emphasis of politics can contain potential weaknesses to the industrial prole- taries, just as an equally narrow absorption in the theory of the all-sufficiency of industrial unity, so I-ampantly preached by the opponent -of very seriously weakens the whole army of Social Democracy. Both weak nesses will ultimately disappear. They are the inevit- able outcome of the search for the right path to progress, but weakness is weakness whether it be the outcome of good intent, bad intent, or no conscious intent at all; and the task that awai tB the true democrat is to render those weaknesses as -short-lived as possible. If these weaknesses are to be overcame it will only be by a- sympathetic "ntroadmindedness that ap- proaches the problem of re-organisation with a sincere desire to winnow the false from the good and synthetise the good into a proper system of co-related truths. There is, fortunately, a grow- ing recognition of this need: and a marked movement towards a getting together of the two active wings of the forces that have too long been divided by unnecessary mistrust and mis- understanding. The recognition and the move- ment are the first STAGES of the evolution of a solution, which when it is found will not only winnow away our weaknesses, but will augment our STRENGTHS a thousandfold: and will spread the splendid spirit of Wales a conquering force o'er all the country; aye, o'er all the world.
Our New Organiser. WE congratulate the I.L.P. in South Wales on having seoured Miss Minnie Pal Lister to fill the long-felt want for a woman organiser in our area. At the same time we congratulate Miss PaUister on the signal honour that the move- ment has paid her in the selection an honour which it is only just. to add she has fully earned by the whole-heartedness of her propaganda on behalf of Socialism and the I.L.P., and, in par- ticular, by her. display of her organising ability as honorary organiser of the N.C.F. during the past two years. It is in the last sphere, rathe: than in the I.L.P., that she has conspicuously won her spurs as an organiser before the eyes of the South Wales movement as a. whole. At the same time we must not overlook the possi- bility of Miss Pal lister's misuse owing to the action of branches in mistaking propaganda, for organisation, a weakness to which any political organ isa-tion is subject, and a democratic poli- tical organisation peculiarly subject by reason of its close interest in all p ea-of life; and its desire to vocalise its aspirations and protests on every subject; engaging attention. Miss Pallister always has been a successful platform propa- gandist, probably the best of her sex that we have in Wales, and we must not overlook the fact that the intoxicating effects of the great meeting possesses a charm that might seduce even one of her level-headedness and cool sanity to occasionally forget that organisation is a genius for taking pains in the little things of THE movement; if she is cajoled oy branches to misdirect her talents to the platform instead of to the serious consideration of the minutae that are more particularly her province in her new post. That this is a. danger anyone who knows the movement must recognise. Branch secre- taries and branch committees share the desire of the members to make a big show from the plat- form, and for the most part will be rather more inclined to back up a desire to stage Miss Pal- lister. than to exert an influence in the direc- tion of suppressing that desire and turning her energies into the direction where they will be of most service to the movement, though less ar- tistic or noisy. We are thankful that Miss Pal- lister is of the type that wiH resist the tempa- tion to yield to the popular desire, once !Ùle 6; ch?arly the row that she has to hoe; but it is N • up to every branch official to recognise that the efficiency with which Miss Pallister can carry out. her duties is dependent upon the sympathy and co-operation which he or she personally ex- tends to Mies Pallister, as well as to a decision his, or her, part to observe faithfully the 3n etail work which Miss Pallister wiM be able to suggest out of her experience and train- ing. An organiser is not only largely wasted if turned into a propagandist pure and simple but an organiser is also largely lasted if the suggestions on organisation that he or she sug- gests for the better working of a branch or Fed- eration are regarded as matters of opinion that do not call for anytliing more than passing inter- est. The success with which Miss Pallister, or any other organiser, will crown her position is entirely a matter of the extent, to which the member-, and especially the officials, of our brandies are prepared to co-operate in the work.
Bureaucracy or Democracy W. C. ANDERSON ON THE FUTURE OF THE LABOUR PARTY. NO DESIRE FOR SUPER-IMPOSED SOCIALISM. Mr. W. C. Anderson and Mr. Sydney Webb | were the principal speakers at a largely at- tended Labour Party Conference held in Liver- pool last week-end. Mr. Anderson, who had a great reception, said that Labour was determined to make a strong hid for power in the next general elec- tions. Already there were not far short of 400 candidates cither in the field or* prepared to enter r,he field vvhen the time came. Labour had a tr?m?ndous oppornini.ty now. The war had destroyed nufny things—perhaps more than the rulers, of Europe had ha-r?ain?d for. It has iiiil?,, -i?< rir Fitr(,pe foi- It, | systems and destroying pre-war political parties. For years to come the big question which would dominate politics was that of reconstruction. We now had. a Ministry of Reconstruction, and he believed there about- 90 different commit- tees sitting somewhere behind closed door* ar- ranging how we were to live and mot e and have our being after the war. The people rheniselves Would have to. haw a. voice in that. (Cheers.) BROADEST CO-OPERATION. ()it(, of the issues to be faced would l>e a kind .o f bureaucratic, as against a democratic, org.ni- i sation. The Labour party's view was that in- stead pi' trusting rulers the people themselves; ■should rebuild their lives oil the principles of freedom and liberty, and of co-operation in its widest sense instead of competition and t-ucii profiteering as there had been during the war. There must be no more unemployment, the work-house must go altogether; everybody in the country must have the opportunity of living a decent, and respectable life, and the exploita- tion of labour wa, more important than dividends. (Cheer.) "He did not wish to see a Socialism super-imposed upon the people in such a way that the people could not control it. (H car, hear.) Besides public ownership there should ho in an increasing de- gree democratic control of Midlistry by the workers. Mr. Webb's address dealt with dlC ntW con- stitution of the Party, and details of organisa- tion.. A very interesting passage in his s peech the variously received clauses providing for individual membership of the Pa rty. Mr. Webb took the line that, unless considerable number of the electors w('r en- rolled as individu,TJ members the Party would tlit? Partx- wolil;l must be secured, or they would be swept away by the Primrose League and other political or- ganisations.
Unless Capitalism is Destroyed. BOB SMILLIE SAYS THERE CAN BE NO RECONSTRUCTION FOR WORKERS. Bob Smillie was the principle speaker at 2. big gathering of Co-operative employees held in Manchester last Sunday, :1t which [I. resolution asking the Executive of the Amalgamated Union of Co-operative Employes to-take into serious consideration rhe advisability of giving public notice to all unorganised co-oj>erative employees that they must become trade union- j sist before January 1st, 1919," was adopted. Mr. Smillie that although the authorities Were now very much eon corned ibolit recon- struction after the war, no reconstruction pro- posals, as far as he could see, would improve the situation ol tho workers unless the capitalist, svstem was destroved. (Cheers.) M iss E. C. Wilkinon. who dealt with demo- bilisation problems, said nothing could be more cruel than the way tho War Office wa? turning <?uT of th? army a? fit for industry men who I ought to be in c<?'.va?t,epn? ro?? c?.mp?. T?)er? wa great dan?pr of filling mdusHy with sick men with small pensions who were roaUy not fit to work. »
In Revolt.* .1 AVON DISTRICT OF MINERS STILL KICK-! ING AGAINST ABERAVON CANDIDATE. J Tho Avon Valley District of Miners are still determined to di.regard the constitution of the Labour Party in re?pe<4 w the selection of Par- lia.tii?UMry f?jxHdaK'?. Our ro?d?r? n.t'e rtiny acquainted with the facts of the case as they witli t'tie fac-.t,; of the tl)(,v' correspondence which we have published, ve- j sp?ctjag the Ahor?vou CMi?t.i.m?ncy selection conference. Last Saturday The Avon district met at the Dockers' Hall. Port Talbot, and the official report states; ''the question of the selection of a candidate for the Aberavon Divi- sion, which had been placed on the agenda, was I again considered, and it was decided, in view of tlie refusal of The local Labour Party to ac- I cede to the democratic principle of a ballot vote, to ask permission of tho Central Executive Council of the Miners' Federation to support the candidature of Mr. William Jenkins, and a deputation was appointed to wait upon the Executive Council at an early date."
Messrs. Howell & Co., Cardiff. I RECOMPENSE FOR MEALS. j Negotiations have been proceeding between the National Amalgamated Union of Shop As- sistants, Warehousemen and Clerks, and Messrs. Howell and Co., Cardiff, concerning payment in lieu of meals formerly token on the premises. An aJtrooment has now been reached for the payment of 5 per woek in lieu of four teas and one dinner. This payment is instead of 39. 3d. which the firm had arranged to pay. The gro- cery staff are still negotiating for complete abolition of meals in.
Offence in a Sermon. NICHOLAS (GLAIS) SUMMONED UNDER D.O.R.A. MILITARY WITHDRAW CASE AT LAMPETER. 'Our Comrade the Rev. T. E. Nicholas. Con- gregational minister at Llangybi, but better known by his colleagues in the Socialist move- ment from his old incumbency of Glais, and I.L.P. nominee for the ABerdare constttuency, fell under the displeasure of D.O.R .A. for a statement he made in a sermon recently, and on .Friday he nppeared before the Lampeter magistrates to answer a summons for uttering a statement likely to eause disaffection amongst the civil population. However, the case had a happy ending, for when it was called Chief- Constable Williams announced that the matter had been engaging the particular attention of the civil authorities, and having regard to all the circumstances of the case they thought that justice would be met by withdrawing the sum- mons. The military authorities, however, took a serious view of this kind of thing, and hoped that their leniency would not be misinterpreted. Mr. W. P. Owen, Aberystwyth, for the de- fence, ;aid the alleged offence was said to have been made in a sermon preached on the 1-lfTi 0f April in the parish of Llangybi. He had read the sermon, and if the magistrates read it the result would have been the same as that day. Had the case come on he wou ld have produce d a resolution from the church, at which the ser- mon was preac-hed, and alfio from another j church. In which the petitioners expressed com- plete satisfaction that there was nothing in con- travention of the Defence of the Realm Act.. De- fendant wa, perfectly willing for the case to go on. The Bench granted the chief constable's appli- cation to withdraw the summons. The happy result of the proceedings was an- nounced by the Rev. Geo. Neighbour, as chair- man, at last Saturday's Divisional Conference of the I.L.P., and universal satisfaction was ex- I pressed. with the way things have worked out.
1 i 1 I i ic Peace Society's Annual Meeting. FEROCIOUS FOLLY OF WAR GENERALLY RECOGNISED." The 102nd annual business meeting of the Society was held at the Society's Inter- national Headquarters, New Broad Street, Lon- don, oil Tuesday last, nnd was largely attended. The annual report was presented by the Rev. Herbert D tinnier who aid notwithstanding that, they met amid days of perplexity the Soc iety had reason to be encouraged. They had I had a most, successful year and there were in- dications on all hands to-day that what the Peace Society had proclaimed for more than 100 'I about the ferocious folly of war was gen- erally recognised. lie was confident that the desolating error underlying war>would be de- strowd by the reason and the faith of mankind. Lasting and real Peace could not be obtained by j'nfe." BUT hy agreement, and only kept by a change of heart in the peoples. The statesmen and diplomatists of all the belligerent nations had badh failed their peoples and the failure Mr. Dunnico said the S<K't?ty f?ucd for the was apparent.. i,-? F-roo d for t h (,- abolition of ('on-f'npnon and a)I fcrm? of com- pulsory military service in all countries, and a grr-DUAL but continuous reduction of armaments. Referring to the proposal to form a League of Nations he saic^that to lose this opportunity of making war once and for ;\LL an illegal and Ix,opl ?' %nd hideous crime among civilised peoples would be an appalling disaster. Ecp?-i? were presented from branch ? ?nj -?enrs throughout the world, including India, (!Ii iia, i-.id tli(? West Coast of Africa, as well as the Colonies. I H. G. Chancellor, M.P., Thomas Richardson, J M.P.. I)r. Walter Walsh, Professor Steadman Aldis, M.A., and Mrs. Swann were a.mong the speakers..
Hill's Plymouth Collieries. MEN'S NOTICES WITHDRAWN AND PITS RE-ORGANISED. conference between the representatives of the Merthyr miners and the Hilltf-Plymouth Colliery Com pan y (Ltd.) on Friday agreed as to a means 01 dealing with the situation created by t.he tendering of notices to cease work to aootrt 350 of rhe workmen at the Pentrobaeh and the Aberoanaid pit-s. Work is being guar- anteed. by the employer^ to all underground workers—although in some instances it may be found desirable to remove iron from one work- ing-place to another—the notices in respect to i them being: accordingly withdrawn. Every effort j will also be made to find employment under- ground for such of the surfacemen, under no- tice. as are experienced as colliers and in re- gard to those, whose services must unavoidably be dispensed with in spite of the re-organisation of the working of the pit, endeavour.3, will be made to procure them work at other collieries in. the district-. The drafting and placing of the surfacemen is being dealt- with individually by a..joint-committee of the workmen's repre- sentatives and the management.
Society of Fi-iends. THIRTY OBJECTORS TO SERVICE COM- MITTEE POLICY. About thirty influential members of the So- ciety of Friends have signed a statement in which they say; "We feel bound to dissociate ourselves completely from the decision arrived at by the yearly meeting of the Society when it endoised the action taken by the Service Com- mittee of the Society in printing and publish- I I and p-tihlish- ing an uneensored leaflet contrary to the Df- fence of tho Realm Regulations. As loyal and law-abiding citizens, we recognise that under circumstances in which aiii- country is now placed some limitation of our civil liberties is -,ill? 1)?, in inevitable, and should loyally be acquiesced in by ail sections of the community."
Paris Resolutions. ol UNIONISTS DECLARE FOR ECONOMIC WAR AFTER THE WAR. The Unionist War Committee at the House of Commons on Monday discussed the Paris econ- omic resolutions and the report of the Balfour of Burleigh Committee on after-the-war trade. Lord Salisbury presided, and. a resolution urging j the Government to carry out the policy of the Paris "Jut; "'mQh w" propo"d b?v Sir E. I Ck?mn, was pa."ed. ￼