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Six Hour Day

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Six Hour Day S.0RD LEVERHULME AND LEISURE FOR I WORKING-CLASS. The six-hour working-day was advocated by Lord Leverhulme in a speech at CIardiff on Saturday. Dealing with modern production, he laid overhead charges-, including renewals, do- preciation, and wear and tear if machinery, and maintenance charges showed little variation whether a factory was working eight or six hours a day. If, however, they worked two shifts of six hours each, the overhead charges were not. materially increased, except that their depreciation allowances might be a little heavier, but they would obtain double the out- put. The men would receive tho same amount ior working six hours as thoy did for working eight, and the only difference would be that the employers were taking it out of the machines instead d. out. of the human beings. Recent Government experience had proved that an in- -mxv.sed ntunb(,,r of hours, as compared with the -output per week when the people were working an unreasonable number of hours, and on the basis he had calculated the workmen (Wild ro- •oeive even more wages to enable them to pur- ehase the good s which they themselves pro- duced. We were not sufficiently well educated, and he did not see how, under our present sys- tem, we were going to improve, unless more leisure time were given for reading and study. That would only oomo by training, but there was no reason why the children of the work- people should not become as well educated as ihe children of the employer, (Applause.)

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