CONTROLLED TEA: WHERE IS IT? I Where is the Government tea? Is I it in the country 1 If so, is it proper- ly distributed ? The complaint that "controlled tea" Cannot he obtained, is pretty general throughout the country. In order that tea. shall be available at reasonable prices the official ar- rangement is that 30 per cent. of the total imports from India and Cevlon shall be rctiled at 2s.4d. a pound, 35 per cent, from 28.8d. to 3s., and 25 per cent, fwm 3s. to 3s.4d., the re- ?uainmg 10 per cent being un'Ontron<d I in price. The prevaiMng grievance is that the tea—what there is of it-is more "'uncontrolled" than otherwise. Customers go from shop to shop, to be told with wearisome monotony tha.t there is no Government tea in stock, but only a little at the higher prices, which mean 4s. a pound and upwards. Frankly, they do not beKevo that in every instance the Government tea, which is nine times the bulk of the rest has been sold out, and that "free" tea only remains. Their letter of com- plaint point to a general feeling that some traders are holding part of the Government tea. and mixing it with 1rlih the uncontrolled 10 per cent., which can command fancy prices. It is asked: Is there efficient super- vision to ensure that the graded tea shall be sold at the fixed prices? Where does it being and end ? What iire tile penalties for infringement ? When does the new control rule of the Ministry cf Food, which ha.s begun making purchases abroad, come into operation ? -<———. —————
LIFEBOATS SHELLED I AMERICAN SURVIVOR'S STORY OF U BOAT DEVILRY Another instance of open boats being deliberately shelled by a sub- marine was described on the arrival at a British port on Tuesday of the surivore of a British vessel which was sinnk on Sunday. Describing the sinking of the ship, an American, one of the, survivors, said: "It was murder pure and ri.mp'le. They shot away our boats, gave us no time to launch these that were left, a.nd then fired on us in the open boats wounding and maiming men who who were powerless to protect themselves." Included among those who have been landed are twelve AmNiœ,m. In alL, three members of the crew killed, and there are new eight in I hospital, all seriously lvounded. .Byron Wood, one of th«» Americans, telling the story, said: "We wore at- tacked early cai Sunday mr>rriing by two German submarines. They let us have it pretty hot from the first, and their gunners soon got our range. We tried to. escape from them by ziz-zagg- ing and put cai every ounce of steam, but it w.as no use. The shells came bursting along. the deck, breaking in our sides. About fifty of us got off in two lifeboats. As we rowed away from the vessel the Germans opened fire on us, and James Fri-nger, of Roanoke, Virgvna, was killed. Another fireman in the same beat as Fringer was wounded, and died twenty minutes after the rescuing ship picked us up. "At first I etuld only discern one submarine, but a. minute or two after they opened fire I saw a^second very near the other. They fired high ex- plosives at us as well as shrapnel. We succeeded in launching the two life- boats on the starboard side—the life- boats on the port side had been all shot away. We got well clear of the vessel, and both submarines continued to make towards us. When the near- est was only about a quarter of a mile off she directed her guns oil us and opened fire. They fired about haM a dozen shrapnel shells at us, but only one took effect. After our ship had sunk, fire was again directed on the open boats, both of which were already badiy damaged."
POLITICS IN THE FUTURE. There is nothing like a war to make men think. We are thinking hard about hosts of things to-day that we gave little heed to previous to August, 1914. One of these is the thing called "Politics." Many a man thought of politics as merely a game in the old pre-war days, and was not greatly con- cerned whether one party was "in" or "out." What did it matter? To-day we are finding it did matter, and to-morrow it will be pressed home to most people much more forcibly that "Politics" is something that very greatly matters, 11 the near future the game of politics is going to be played in grim earnest.—Maurices A'nnson, in the "Millgate Monthly,
I LABOURS ROLL OF I HONOUR PROPOSED INSTITUTE AS A I MEMORIAL. I At the joint meeting cf the Parlia- mentary Committee of the Trade Un- I ion Congress a4nd the National Execu- tive of the Labout Party, heid in the Hoiuse of Commons, on Tuesday Mr J. W. Ogden, chairman of the Parlia- mentary Committee, presiding, the fol- lowing resoloution was carried. "In order to comemorate the heroic deeds and unselfish devotion of those members of the British trade unions and other Labour organisations who fell in action or were incapacitated by wounds or impaired in health as the result of service in the forces or muni- tions work in the great struggle for freedom and peace, we strongly recom- mend the trade union and Labour movement to ma.rk its appreciation of these services and sacrifices by insti- tuting a permanent memorial by secur- ing a, suitable site in London and the erection of a. memorial of freedom and peace, to be known as the National Labour Institute, which kjiidl be the headquarters «f the Trade Union Con- gress and the National Labour Party, and shall have accommodation for all requirements of these two bodies, with office aeommodation to be let to trade unions and other Labour organisations a conference hall,, eommittee rooms, reference library, and hotel accommo- dation for trade union and other Lab- our delegates to London on Labour business. "Further, that a part of the memorial be the foundation of scholar- ships and other education assistance, and where necessary hoarding school or university charges, for the children of members of trade union and Labour organisations who have fallen or been maimed in connection with the war."
I FEWER PRISONERS I If there is a height side to the war lit to be found in the report of the Prison Commissiimiers ,Jf England and V- ales for the year ended March last Including thoce sentenced by court martials, the number cf prisoners re- ceived under sentence was 48,362, com- pared: with 64,160 in the previous year 'i decrease of 15,798. Sin(-e t'h lest pre-war yeaf 1913-14 there has t;cr:1 an actual decrease of 68 per cent, in tho prison population, and this. the report says, its', of course, principally attributable to causes arising out of the war—enlistment, restriction of drinking facilities, and the great qe- inajid for labour.
MR. ROBERT SMILLIE. I R. J. Davies, in the "Millgate 1 Monthly" for October, says Mr. Robert Smillie stands out to-day as probably the greatest industrial leader living. He is president of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain, a position he has occupied for several years with- out opposition from any amateur. And it is doubtful whether, had he en- tered the House of Commons, he would have been able to do as much, especial- ly for the miners, as he has outside by direct action. In fact, he himself is rather inclined to the belief that his life work lies in tho, industrial sphere. Mr. Davies sums up the character of the miners' leaders as follows: "When a man of rebellious moods, whose tongue utters scathing words against tyranny and despotism, commences his career among the common people, lie1 seldom travels very far unless he is transparently honest, big-hearted, and unwilling to be bought by favour or position. He must mean what he says, translate into actual life what he speaks, and must not err, except it be by way of being biased in fnvour of his class. The possession of these at- tributes and faculties is just the key to the success of Mr. Smilie. He is a man who must be a tremendous suc- cess in life or an utter failure. There can be no compromise on a ladder made of honest and noble ambitions."
HUN QUALMS ABOUT RE- PRISALS. Referring to the suggestion that the Allied air services should make air raids against Southern Germany as reprisals, the 'illuencli(,n(,r Post' says: "Air attacks on open towns have proved to be the means of strengthen- ing rather than weakening the deter- mination of -people and this applies to all belligerents. It would be a matter of rejoicing if all the belligerents agree no longer to make this fearful world catastrophe still more horrible through the slaughter of defenceless persons."
VALLEY COLLIERY CLOSED. I On account of the difficulty in ob- I taining the necessary tonnage, Messrs. Moody's Graigola Colliery (No. 3, Small Vein), Clydach, has been closed down, work having been suspended for the past couple of weeks. It is stated that for this reason, the man- agement fail to work the colliery ex- cept at a financial less. About 110 men have in consequence been thrown out of employment. A meeting of the men thus affected was held at the local Public Hall on Saturday, when it was decided to make representations to the Coal Controller regarding the matter.
CO-OP. ALLOTMENT HOLD- ERS An energetic movement has been started with the triple object of large- ly extending the allotment cultivation which war conditions have fostered, banding together all allotment holders into a powerful asociation, and creat- ing machinery for the purchase of seeds and fertilisers and the sale of surplus produce through the Co-opora- tive Wholesale Society and the distributive co-operative societies. The movement originated recently at Birmingham where the National Union of Allotment Holders was formed. The Co-operative Union has taken up the scheme and has appointed a represen- tative to the provisional committee of the Allotment Holders' Union. Mr. B. Williams, the southern secretary of the Co-operative Union, has undertaken the task of organising this side of the movement in a way which will link up both producers and consumers. "CO-OPERATIVE M.P.'s" The National Conference which is to discuss a scheme for direct Parliamen- tary representation of the co-operative movement, and the declaration of a democratic program, opened at the Central Hall, Westminster on Tuesday. Many more Labour candidates will take the field to the support of the millions of new voters, men and women, whom tho Representation of the People Bill will bring on to the register, and the great industrial j centres will provide favoura ble fighting ground for both Labour and Co-opera- I tive candidates.
TSAGIQ DEATH OF WELL- KNOWN NOVELETS DROWNED AT SEA IN TORPEDOED I SHIP. Great regret will be felt jit the news that Mrs. Alice Askew and her hus- band, Claude Askew, have lost the.r liv-es in the Mediterranean cai a vessel which was sunk by » submarine on October 5. These popular novelists, who have worked together in an ideal literary partnership for so many year, set cut together to the Near East as soon &s the war broke out, and later minister- ed to the sore needs of the Serbian, refugees when the couontry was over- run. Thay participated -in the re- treat across Albmia, and have re- corded their experiences during this period in "The Stricken Land." m — •
(>00 000 CHILDREN ON WAR WORK MR FISHER'S PROMISE OF BETTER EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES. There were a large number of child- Ten-lie bcll-ved P,)o,ooo-w,,Iio. had had their education curtailed in order that tliey might assist the country in the war, said Mr Fisher, Minister for Educat lot), at Bristol. Mr Fisher was the guest of the the Dockers' Teachers', Engineers' Railway Clerks' Miners', and the Workers' Education Association, and, continuing his referenc-c to youthful war-workers, he said there were child- refn who had been labouring in the field, the factory, and the milne. They had suffered injury to their education- al growth which it would be very diffi- cult to repair: but he had not for- gotten them. (Cheers). In fact, he distinctly stated in the House of Com- mons. when he introduced his Bill, that he thought the care of these chiidren ought to be treated in an ex- ceptional way and ought to be financ- ed in an exee?) tional measure. It was not an altogether easy prob- lem to solve ;atisficV)rily, but he would do his best to, provide for those children faciHties for recovering some part <Ji »vhat they had lost. 4
I POTATO WART DISEASE. I I DRASTIC ACTION IN GLAM- ORGANSHIRE & PORTIONS OF BORDERING COUNTIES. NO LICENCES NECESSARY. "The Labour Voice" is officially in- formed that in view of the widespread presence of the potatip wart disease in Glamorganshire and adjacent areas, and the urgent necessity for the pro- duction of food crops, the Board of Agriculture have decided upon the drastic step of prohibiting the planting of any varieties of potatoes other than those which the Board consider to be immune from this devasting disease. The closed areas are :—Glamorgan county, including the boroughs of Car- diff and Swansea, together with the following portions of the countries of Brecon, Carmarthen, and Monmouth :— The parishes of Ystradgynlais Higher and Lower, Penderyn, Ystradfellte, and Veynor (Brecon). Cwarter Bach, the whole of the Amman Valley, including Llandebie, through Llanon parish, Llanelly rural district and Pembrey, as far as, but excluding Kidwelly borough. The East- ern and Western valleys of Monmouth- shire are also restricted. The Food Production department have obtained the crops of the follow- ing immune varieties from the North of England:— Great Scot, King George, Lochar, Templar, and a few Abundance; while the Irish Queen and Shamrock varieties have been obtained from Ireland. SQed potatoes will be supplied to Allotment and Gardening Societies and kindred associations, and may also be obtained through the usual trades channels. Wholesale merchants will reoeive supplies direct from the Board of Agriculture. NO SCARCITY OF "SEED." I It is gratifying to understand that there will be no scarcity of "seed" next season and that in all probability the price will be about one-third of what was paid last spring. NO LICENCES NECESSARY. I No licenee to plant potatoes will be I necessary next year. There are other good sorts immune to wart disease that can be obtamed from reliable sources, particulars of which may be had upon application to the District Inspector, Mr B. L. Wolf, 58 Malvsrn- terrace, Swansea. 25,000 CASES IN GLAMORGAN. I It appe rs that the number of known cases in Glamorgan alone where the wart disease has shown itself exceeds 25,000; probably the number is actual- ly double this, but owing to the diffi- culty of tracing they have not come under official cognisance.
I SUGAR RATIONS I CANNOT BE GUARANTEED UNTIL I DECEMBER 30. As the result of recent advertise- ments, an impression has been created that special arrangements have been made to enable certain firms forth- with to supply to all customers regis- tering themselves with such firms, under the new Sugar Distribution Scheme, the amount of sugar which it is suggested they will be entitled to under the scheme. No arrangements have been made for any firms or individuals to receive any sugar beyond that to which they .aT,e at present entitled, says the Sugar Commission in an official statement, and there is no intention of basing supplies upon the demands registered under the new scheme until that scheme comes into operation. The Commiss-ion also say that the quantity of sugar per head that will be available under the new schcme will dpend upon the supplies available from time to otime. and that no definite ration can be guaranteed beforehand.
I IN MEMORY OF AN IRISH PATRIOT. An Irish deputation on its way to France to lay a palm wreath on the grave of the late Major W. H. Red- mond, M.P., visited the House of Commons on Tuesday. They are tak- ing with them a sod of shamrock, con- secrated by a Catholic Bishop, which is to be planted on the grave of the Irish hero, a sprig of heather plucked on the mountain slopes behind Mr. John Redmond's house at Augliavan- agh, and some ivy from the tomb of Major Redmond's ancestors in Wex- ford.
I ABERCRAVE I TEA. The Sunday School members of Noddfa Baptist Church were entertain- ed to a tea on Thursday afternoon of last week. The tables were tastefully decorated with autumn flowers and about 80 people sat down to a thoroughly enjoyed tea. In the even- ing a. mLcelaneous meeting was held, and the following took part:- Recitations: Tommy Jones. BetTy Watkins, M. Griffiths, Gretta GriffitILF, Orwell Jones, Wyndham Richards, R. Thomas. David John Griffiths, Tommy Lewis Sydney Ruehards, Eluned Wat- kins, Myfanwy Watkins, E. Watkins, Myfanwy Morris, Maggie Gambold, M Jones, Messrs. Evan J. Gam bold, Eè. Preece and Miss Jennette Jones. Solos: Ruth Thomas, Beatie Row- lands, Mary Gwen Griffiths, Mr Henry Jones, Mr Tom Thomas, Misr, Bessic Morris and Mr John Morgan Jones. Duetts: Dilys and William Henrj Grey Maggie Gambcld and Ruth Thomas, and Misses J. and E. Jones. Mr D. C. Jones, Paris House, pre- sided, and Mr J M. Jones, Polycoed, was the organist- THANKSGIVING SERVICES Harvest Thanksgiving Services were held at St. David's Church on Sun- day, and Monday evening, the special preacher being the Rev Twynog Davies Vicar of All Saints, Church, Cardiff, who delivered eloquent sermops to very large congregations. Thanksgiving services were also held at Caamei C.M. Chapel on Tues- day afternoon and evening. EISTEDDFODIC SUCCESSES. We heartily congratulate the follow- ing on their success at eisteddfodau held last Saturday:Air William Walters, Caerbont, who captured the first prize., for the novice solo at Ys- tradgynlais Competitive Concert; Miss Lizzie Evans, Bristol House, who was the winner of tie adult recitation, and Master Dan Jones, son of Mr BeD Jones, Morgan street, who was award- ed the first prize for the boys' solo. At Birchgrove eisteddfod on the same day, out of 19 competitors. Miss Lizzie Ann Jones, sister tMI Master Dam Jones, shared the first prize for the girls' solo, with a winner at last year's NationaJ Eisteddfod. A general meeting of the Tawe and District Angling Association will be held at the Yniscedwyn Arms on Monday, October 22nd, at 7.30. All members are earnestly requested to attend. —1020. HOME ON LEAVE. Mr Esiah Jones, son of Mrs E. Jones, Dolyooed, visited his homro during the week-end looking well. Ho is now in the Wireless Telegraphy School at the Crystal Palace. On Sun- day morning, the Rev. Gilbert JoneSi LlanglofFan, the special preacher at the anniversary services of Noddfa, presented him with a pocket Bible, on behalf of the Church, where he was a. aiiember Last week, Pte. Henry Tom Potter, S.W.B., now residng at Bridgend row, visited his home from the front for a few days' rest. He returned to Flanders on Monday. Pte. James Mallows, stretcher- bear- er, attached to the S.W.B., is now home for a few days' well-earned rest, from the Western front, where he has s-erved for many months. I SLIGHT ACCIDENT Mr loan Davies, Abercrave terraoe, sustained injuries to the foot whilst following his employment at the Aber- crave colliery last week. Fortunately. no bones were broken, and he is now progressing very favourably.
I FROM THE AMMAN VALLEY An inquest concerning the death ef Wm. Brook Lewis, a repairer at the Tirydail Colliery, was held at Amman- ford on Monday, before Mr. J. Vi. Nicholas, country coroner. The acci- dent occurred on Friday afternoon, and John Morgan (the rider) said the deceased rode down from the shift iii his journey of empty trams. They had gone down the drift all right, and had proceeded about twenty yards on tbe fiat when a fall came down on the last tram, in which was the deceased. The trams were not derailed, and had stepped dead. Wheii the rubbish was cleared, deceased was found occupy- ing the same position as when ridir.^ down, r.nd was quite dead.—The jury returned a verdict of accidental death.