COLLIERY' TRIBUNALS. ANTHRACITE WORKERS CASES. i The Military Service Tribunal for the Western (Anthracite) area met again on Monday at Swansea, Mr J. Dyer Lewis presiding. The assessors were: For the oolliery owners, Mr E. Williams; for the workmen, Mr John James, miners' agent. Major R. P. Jessel represented the military author- ities. At the beginning. the Chairman said he had been in conference with the New Cwmgorse Colliery management with reference to certain exempted nun, and explained that these men, if desired, could make a personal appeal to that court. YSTRADGYNLAIS COLLIERY. The first oolliery dealt with was Ystradgynlais Colliery. Mr Featon- inn represented the oolliery, and Mr T. D. Jones the workmen. Eighty- one men have left this colliery for the forces. At present there are 350 working-a reduction of 29 since the war. In the matter of two stokers, Major R. P. Jessel thought that one could he dispensed with. The representative of the colliery stated that the work ￼ too heavy for a man of 45, and the men were exempted by the court. So were all others claimed by the I Military, save two cases, which were adjourned for a month. GURNOS COLLIERY. I Mr Abiather Lloyd represented the Gurnos Colliery, and T. Prosser Jones the men. On July 31, 1914, 227 men wero employed, and 320 have been ta.ken on since, 51 liad joined the colours, and 264 men are at present employed. The Chairman: So you are 34 to the good ? Mr Lloyd: Yes. We happened to be then in a very low state—not in a normal state. Answering questions, he said they were at the moment working only four days a week. The Chairman: You hayen't spared many men for the front? Major Jessel: This colliery appears to have more men now than before the war. Mr Lloyd explained that they had recovered in another seam during the past five months. For the first nine months after the war they were in a very bad state. It was stated that one man who was claimed by the military authorities had joined the Navy. TRAINING A LAMPMAN. Two labourers and a lampman were I elaimed as not indispensable to the colliery. The manager said it took come time to train a lampman, for mending of lamps was a trade in itself. Three months was given to procure anoither lampman, and one of the labourers was given a month's exemp- tion only. A banksman, two labourers, and a shunter were claimed under Form 4. Major Jessel suggested that the work of screening could be done by girls. Mr Lloyd: Isn't it against the law to employ girls at all ? The Chairman (smiling):' You know fcrryfrom1tW. girls employed not far from there. ￼ of tbi,, case was J uj-aed for a .th. NEW DIAMOND. I Mr D. W. iw*ejL rePre9ented the owners of the N Owners of the ?????.?°? Colliery, and Mr Rees WilHn "S the workme?. There were 286 w?r ? workmen. liery on July 31, 1914; fi(!, taken on since 65 h'a "??s been ofrces and 332 are now the Forces, ajid 332 &re ?now\? ????? .?? The Ch.irma.n= You are on the in- ?r««K0, began. ——— n w :r Mr Davies said that during +u ?? months thev had workS ￼ ￼ y but had ?t ime in the last two ?eeks cwin.? to??k of shipping-i^w aj°r A shOGing smi th was claiSmed v • j?JLe? l said there were too 0"0? ￼ employed as shoeing*^ ,A ?ing smith .ou?ht to be rt)V to work up to 60 or 70 years of a.g. this young rnan was 22. lir Davies: We oon't replace him, Sir; and We cannot carry on tbe col- ￼ ""?' k-ping ho tte^ |. ￼ ￼ FIve labourern were dt3.ime.cl by the militarv authorties. on the 0"^ that older men could be .?PP??re? to do thir work. ?'" The Tribunal decided to give the,, men a month's exemption only. BLAEN-CAE-GURWEN. I Mr Samuel, manager, represented I the owners of the Blaen-cae-Gurwen oolliery, and Mr W. Owens the work- men. Mr Samuel said that 380 men were employed at this colliery on July 31, 1914 12 have been taken on since; 20 have left to join the Forces ("A very low proportion," the chairman inter- jected), and 350 are now employed. Chairman: So you are 30 short com- pared with the number employed at the beginning of the war? Mr Davies said they had worked an average of five days a week since January this year. A banksman's case was postponed for a moTith.-A shunter, two stokers, and two labourers were claimed bv the military. Asked how many men could be released from the oolliery for a Tunnelling Company, Mr Samuel said he did not know.—The cases of the stokers were postponed for three i months. KEEP THE HOME FIRES BURN-I ING! The next colliery on the list is in liquidation, and no one is now em- ployed there. The next was that of GeUiwarog Farm Colliery where only two men are working. This, the Chairman ob- served, is the farm to which reference was made recently in the newspapers, where the fire has not been ex- tinguished for over 300 yea.rs! CAEBRYN. I Mr Rees represented the owners; Mr Richard Rees the men. On July 31, 1914, 527 men were working in the colliery, 88 had been taken on since, 95 have joined the forces, and 489 are now employed. The colliery has worked full time during March, but was rather slack in February. The Chairman: The Major claims the whole of the men on Form 2. Mr Rees: I cannot see the way to comply. Two men were referred to the Medical Board, three men's cases (the one a. shunter) were adjourned for three months, and another for one month.
NO CLAIMS FROM CWM- GORSE COLTIERY. MILITARY EXPECTED A "HAUL" AT SWANSEA. Considerable discussion took place at the second sitting of the Appeal Court for the Anthracite District in regard to the position of surface work- men at the New Cwmgorse Colliery. The company had not claimed exemp- tion for any, except one of the single men working on the surface, and Col. Pearson claimed a haul. Mr J. D. Morgan (miners' agent). pointed out that notice ought to have been given to the men that they were not going to be claimed, so that they might have taken stops to appeal to the local tribunals of their own dis- trict. Mr Thomas (the checkweigher) said he was only told of this on Wednes- day morning, March 1, and it was then too late to formulate appeals for March 2. Mr Dyer Lewis (the chairman) con- sidered notice ought to have been given, but, under the circumstances, given, "had no jurisdiction at all. They must go to the local tribunal, unless it was now too late. Colonel Pearson: We have the right to take special circumstances into con- sideration upon the question of the extension <>f time beyond March 2. Mr Dyer Lewis: Very well, these men must appeal to the local tribunal or join the Army. Colonel Pearson: And if this case turns out all right I shall want those of the others who are on the attested list.
Parliament will Adjourn at Easter for about a fortnight. Macbeth in Welsh is a forthcoming dramatic event at Carmarthen "I was accidentally born in this country," said a Llandaff conscientious I, objector.
SOUTH WALES MIIIERS. I I Ambulance Levy Defeated. J a PARLIAMENTARY CANDI- DATES. NO CHANGE OF CONSTITUENCY. I The annual conference of the South Wales Miners' Federation was held at Cardiff on Monday, Mr James Win- stone, the vice-president, in the chair. Mr Winstone, at the outset, referred to the deat-h of Mr W. Vyce, and Mr W. E. Morgan, and spoke in eluogistic terms of their services to the Federa- tion. He also referred in gratifying terms to the recovery of Mabon, who appeared to be enjoying a new lease of life, and they were all very pleased to see him. DEMOCRACY AND THE WAR. Mr Winstone attributed the war to the capitalistic system and to secret diplomacy, and asserted that it was the duty of Labour and Demorcracy generally to ascertain the real cause of the war and to take steps to pre- vent the recurrence of such a calamity. The great developments in the scientific world were not being used for the benefit of the human not being used for the benefit of the human race, but for the destruction of human life. Enormous debts were being piled up which would have to be repaid after the war, and he as- serted that the capitalistic classes were already engineering Affairs in such a way as to place the burden up- on the workers by a change in the fiscal system. Labour should watch very carefully the trend of events. The one redeeming feature of the war was the discovery that the valour and courage of our young men rank-c-d bclll as high as ever. MINING PERILS. I The President dealt with the heavy death-roll in mines, especially in South Wales, and said steps were being taken to ameliorate this state of affairs Im- portant experiments were being made at Eskmeal, where it had been demon- strated that explosions in mines could be originated without gas being pre- sent. Experiments were also being made for the use of stone dust to counteract the effect of coal dust and he expressed the view that the dangers arising from the latter would be very much minimised if not prevented by the use of dust-proof trams instead of open cars underground. Mr Winstone also reviewed the work of the Federation. He criticised the decision of the independent ch Lir- man in relation to the general wage rate. He was of opinion that after the war many serious problems woald have to be dealt with, and fbr this reason he exhorted the workmen to a closer union. AMBULANCE LEVY REJECTED. I The following was the result of the I miners' ballot for a levy for ambulance I cars at the Front:— For 59,78G Against 67,682 Majority against 7,894 In the course of the discussion which followed the declaration objection was taken to the fact that Mr T. Richards. M.P., secretary of the Federation, had sent out a circular urging tre miners to support the levy, and so e members asked why he had done so.t Mr Richards: In the first place, bø- cause I thought it was my duty. Secondly, I oould have done it on my own responsibility. Thirdly, I carried out the instruction of the Council. THE OFFICIAL REPORT. I Mr Thomas Richards, M.P., who supplied the official report, said:— There were 267 delegates present, re- presenting 144,961 members. The chairman announced that Mr W. Nixon Williamson was in the district making a special appeal for financial support for Dr. Barnardo's Homes, and he (the chairman) asked the dele- gates to sympathetically consider the appeal when it was brought before he district and lodges. A resolution from the No. 3 Griffin Lodge, Blaina. "That a rearrange- ment of the position of the registra- tion agents be considered by the con- ference'' was referred to the Execu- tive Committee. A resolution from the Bargoed Steam COlal Lodge "That in future no Lab- our candidate after having been adopted as a Parliamentary candidate for one constituency shall he eligible for selection as candidate in another division in the South Wales Coalfield," was carried. A resolution from the Monmouth- shire Western Valleys district, that it be an instruction to the Executive Council to refer the question of holi- days for them to determine, was carried. The audit.or submitted their report for 1915. There had been a. substan- tial increase in the funds of the Federation during the year, and they thanked the officials for the efficient manner in which the books had been kept and for the assistance they had rendered in auditing. THE FINANCES. The balance-shoe was not made pub- lic. We learn that whereas the total value of the funds in December, 1914 was £19,933, at the end of 1915 there was L77,952 on deposit, besides C4,250 invoOSited and £ 1,080 in current ac- count. The total income was £ 110,267, and the total expenditure £ 40.146. Of this later figure jES.481 was spent in strike and lock-out pay, salaries amounted to L, 1, 314, litigation amounted to £ 2,508. Meetings, con- certs etc. had cost L1576, conference attendance at M.F.G.B. and Trades Union Congress £ 1,005, and train fares and conveyances amounted to L 1. 226. The contribution to the M.F.G.B. was f,2,184, the political levy to M.F.G.B £ 6,474, and the "Daily Citizen" levy to M.F.G.B. E526. ————
AMMANFORD WOUNDING CHARGE. I Daniel Amott, Tycroes, was charged at Ammanford on Monday with maliciously wounding Edwin Law, of Pantyffynon MiU with intent to do grievous bodily ha.rm. Dr. Ernest Inman said the inj uries consisted of wounds on the upper and lower lips, loss of teeth, and loosened ja.w bone. The injured man was unable to appear, and owing to the complainant's ill-health the wounds might turn out to be serious. The magistrates remanded the defendant in custody. ■
MABON S EARLY DAYS. Telling the "Story of my Life" in "Lloyd's News, "Mabon," M.P., in the first of a series of articles, deals with hia boyhood and early days. He speaks in high terms of his mother's influence. Her ambition was to train him as a minister, and -lie did her best to shape his life in that direction. His early training has been of the greatest value to him in what he was afterwards called to do, and he re- flects that the work he has been able to do is as valuable as that he might have done had his mother's wish been ful- filled. "Mabon" married at the early age of 18, and was as fortunate in his wife as in his "splendid" mother, she having been his guardian angel throughout his life, having caused him to see the necessi- ty of educating himself if he wished to be useful in a wider sphere. The speeches of John Bright and Henry Richard in- fluenced him a great deal. "Mabon" was taught the grammra of the Welsh lan- guage by his old Sunday sehool teacher, Caleb Jones, but he admits he has never had the advantage of a systematic study of the English language.
MOTHER OF GOWER M.P. The death is announced of Mrs. Hannah Williams, aged 78, mother of Mr John Williams, M.P. for Gower. Mrs. Williams lived at Aberaman, Aberdare. We-
A census taken at Swansea on Saturday of the number of people leaving five public houses gives the fol- lowing results:—Men, 5,800; women, 3,914; total. 8,794. J Grave allegations are made by "The Times respecting the arrangements for our troops in Mesoptamia. It is stated that the medical arrangements are very bad. and there is a scarcity of doctors. Seriously wounded men are alleged to have been left for two or three days without any attention other than the first field dressing. The vessels which carry the wounded through the Persian Gulf to Bombay are imperfectly staffed, and one cor- respondent says that wounded have been arriving at the Bombay Docks in a condition which recalls Smollett's account of the attack on Cartagena. Bitter complaints are made about the deficiency of bombs and hand gren- ades, and also about the defective quality of such of these munitions as are manufactured in India. It is im- possible to tell how far these com- plaints are justified, but if a tithe of them are true there should be immed- iate reform and a strict calling to ac- \1 count of persons responsible. )
SERIOUS CHARGE AT PONTARDAWE. ALLEGED OBTAINING OF MONEY UNDER FALSE PRETENCES. A serious charge of obtaining money by means of false pretences was opened before Mr G. H. Strick, the chairman, and other sitting magistrates at the Pontardawe Police Court on Friday. The defendant was Frederick S. Davies, metal merchant of Chemical Road, Morriston, who surrendered to bail of £1,000 allowed bv the Swan- sea County Bench a. week ago, and the prosecutors were Messrs. Gilbertson and Co., steel and tinplate manufac- turers, Pontardawe. Mr C. B. Jenkins appeared for the prosecution, and Mr Ed. Harris was for the defence. Mr Jenkins. in opening, said that he intended confining his evidence that day to one 'charge of obtaining by false pretences JE123 Os. 7d. on the 31st of January last. Defendant had been in the habit of supplying Messrs. Gilbertsons with scrap iron, and the arrangement was that he was to be paid for it at current market prices which were, as a rule, arranged by correspondence. The mode of dealing was that defendant would send Messrs. Gilbertson an advice note, and on the date in question he advised them of trucks of steel Nos. 66,183 and 26,894, and of wrought iron, Nos. 16,416 and 21,522. Any trucks that came would be handled by the Mid- land Railway Company, passed into Messrs. Gilbertson's works, weighed and duly entered into the inward book. On December 30th the four trucks, the numbers of which he had given were advised, and in due course £ 123 Os. 7d. was passed for payment, and the cheque sent on to defendant, who paid it in to his bankers. The in- ward book would be produced, and it would be proved that the entry of the four wagons was not in the hand- writing of the two weighers named Edwards and Auckland. Tho&e weighers would prove that the wagons were never received at all, and rail- waymen would prove that they were not delivered at the works. The cheque for payment was passed by another clerk who saw the entry in the in- ward book, and defendant could not have secured the money unless he had had some accomplice or accomplices. "I do not know who they are," said Mr Jenkins, "but I may say that the defendant, now he finds he has done wrong, is willing to do what he can to make reparation for what has hap- pened. But the fraud has taken place and the money paid, and the matter must be left with your worships. inomas ueorge, cierk witn Messrs. Gilbertsons, proved passing the cheque for payment upon seeing the entry of the four wagons in the inwards book. Replying to the Clerk (Mr J. W. Thorpe) witness said that payment would not have been passed, but for the fact that he thought the entry in the inward book a true one, and that the trucks had duly arrived. Wm. John Baker, invoice clerk, also gave evidence. D. G. Edwards, weigher, who worked alternately with Abel Auckland on night and day shifts, explained that when arrivals bv the railway came he and Auckland entered the numbers of the trucks into a rough pocket book, and afterwards copied them into the inward book. The entries of the wagons in question were not in the rough pocket book at all. but, were in the inward book, though not -n his nor Auckland's handwriting. Replying to the Court, witness said he did not- know in whose handwriting the entries in question were in the inwards book. Mr Ed. Harri-es pointed out the numbers of tho trucks in question were conta.ined in the weighbridge scrap book, but without- the weights. Witness said that those would be office entries when there were no weights and t?t when goods ar- rived that were not advised he would mreUporrt ? to the office, but not otherwise. ^\h-V is it ? <? to -Port rucks that have arrived and not and net to report trucks adviqed and not arrived? Witness: It. is a matter of form. Mr Harries: Do vou make it a custom of paying for goods that do not come In ? Witness: I know nothing of what is paid. In other oross-examinations. witness said that the strange handwriting in the inwards book wou!d not have been madef till the end of the month, so that there was no need to turn back to see. if the trucks (to which weights had been added) had arrived. < I Abel Auckland gave corroborative evidence. In answer to Mr Edward HarriB, ) witness said that he had never seen' defendant about the works. Thos. Price and John Evans; goods foremen in the employ of the Midland Railway Company, and John Thomas, clerk, proved that the wagons in question were not delivered to the prosecutors, and Mr Frederick *D. David, an official of the Capital and Counties Bank deposed to the passing of the cheque for JE123 into defend- ant's bank. P.C. George Roach proved the ar- rest of the defendant- on a warrant, a-nd Davies said in reply, "I shall not say a word." This concluded tnêevidenoe. Defendant was now-formally charged and in answer he said he wished to reserve his defence. The Bench then committed Davies for trial at the County Quarter Sess- ion. at Swansea on .April 4th next. Mr Harris asked for bail, and sug- gested that it should be less than a week ago, as the amount of bail af- fected the public opinion that it waa an extremely grave case.. -N. The Clerk: Are there any other charges to be preferred against him. Mr Jenkins: Yes, there are a num- ber of others involving a considemble,, sum. The Chairman: We think it better that the bail should not be varied. Bail of £500bv himself, and two other sureties of £ 250 each was then allowed the defendant. The same bail as before was forthcoming. a T
PONTARDAWE PIIJct COOK Friday before Messrs G. H. Shick, J. H. P. Llovd, H. J. Powell, F. R. Phillips, D. T. Williams and J. M. Davies John Evans, was summoned for being drunk and disorderly at Clydach on Sun- day. March 12th. Defendant was found in Hebron-road, Clydach al 10.45 on the night in ques- tion by P.C. Marsh. A fine of 15s. was imposed. Thomas Davies, Ystalyfera, was simi- larly summoned. This happened on Feb. 20th. P.C. Cook .proved the case and defen- dant was ordered to pay 12s. John Griffiths was charged with neg- lecting to maintain his wife and family who were chargeable to the Pontardawe Guardians. David Thomas, relieving officer, said defendant's wife and children had er-iss the Guardians J310 Is. lid., and all he had paid was 5e. on tWQ occas-iüns. Defendant had been shifting about from Morriston, Gorseinon, Blaengarw, etc. Defendant said he was willing-to pay 30s. then. He was sent to prison was a month. Emily JOn.5, Ystalyfera, was charged with stealing coal value 3d., the property o fthe Tawe Valley Gas Company. P. C. Gibbard gave evideiic*e of .Silellng defendant picking up ooal near a truck belonging to the oompany. i Defendant was fined 7s. 6d.
HIGHLY-PAID WOMAN CLERK: A woman clerk employed by ore 01 the City banks is said to be paid at the rate of L7 a week. She is in the foreign exchange department where special arithmetical abilities are re- quired. According to some of the bank clients she is a lightning calcu- lator, and worth double the, high wage the bank pays her. ..————
Canute Milome was the name of a coloured sailer summoned at Barry. "Seiliau'r Fydd," a book by Rev. J. Lewis Williams. Aberystwyth, has beea translated *n to Chinese. A tomato was thrown at Mr W. C- Anderson, M.P., during an I.L.P. meeting at Bargoed. Some Oa.rdiff shipowners tried to buy the defunct "Standard." but the prioe was too high. By a majority of 104, BrynctxA miners decided for a levy for the mo to* am bulance scheme. Barry seamen ask the Government to bombard Cuxhaven, Friedrichs- haven, Heligoland, and Essen. At the Rhondda was an invasion of Pembrokeshire wasn't there?" "Yes, but the womam stopped that." Mr Rhys Nicholas, Cwmavon. save that the N.D.T. will resist the Gliin- organ Countv Council's regulation re- quiringhead teachers to reside v.'tldli reasonable distance of their schools.
NEATH BOYS GET THE BIRCH. I Three schoolboys wer charged at Neath with stealing pigeons on St. Patrick's Day, the property of Frank Brinkworth, and game merchant, Windsor-road, Chief-constable Higgins gave one of the lads a bad character, stating that he slept out at nights and led other boys astray. Mdlward was sent to a reformatory school for five years, and the other lads were ordered to receive six strokes of the birch. j