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oil NEAREST AND DEAREST ENEMIES.

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oil NEAREST AND DEAREST ENEMIES. Wo recommend to the extreme pacifists, who were so thoroughly trounced at the Labour Party confer- ence in Bristol, a persual of the in- terview with Herren Liebknecht, Kautsky, a.nd Bernstein, which appears in another column. They will see that the strongest Socialist movement in the world, which can muster four mil- lion Parliamentary vot-es, and has the largest number of Members of any angle, party in the Reichstag, is as powerless to influence the course of events in Germany as the Little Peddlington branch of the I.L.P. is in this country. What h<"s neutralised the power of the impressive organisa- J tion built up by the working classes of Germany? ID is the might of the Kaiser and the military caste. Are thase people, who ruthlessly suppress democratic opini-on in their own coun- try, going to show any leniency to British workers and British institu- tions, if ever, through & malign destiny, they gain the power of direct influence over thom ? We think not, and it is the realisation of this, and a, robust patriotism as pure and natural o3.B love of a mother, that leads the official representatives of trade union- ism, and the trcle unionists them- selves, to turn a deaf ear to the fool- ish talk of the non-resisters, the peace- «,t-any-price people, and the Won't Fight Gang. One of the I.L.P. delegates at Bris- tol had the crass folly to suggest that there was a third course, in addition to the alternatives of voluntary or compulsory service, applicable to the present circumstances, and that was the conclusion of an immediate peace. A man who speaks like this is not merely a fool, but a treasonable fool to his' class. If there ia one thing more cer- tain than another it is that the Kaiser and the Junkers would gladly make peace now if they could. They would go back to Berlin, wearing the laurels of victors, and appealing to the Ger- man people as the heroes who had en- abled them to meet and beat a more formidable combin-ation of nemies than has faced any single country since the world's history be- gan. Liebknecht, Bernstein, and Kautsky oould whistle for their fol- lowers. International Socialism would have as much chance of life as a Lim- Jjurg cheese. Nor would this be the full tale, by long odds, of the dis- astrous consequences. The war would have to be fought over again, for when the Will to Power seizes a whole people, it is not knocked out of them by a partial rebuff. The Prussiams would fight again, and we should be an extraordinarily lucky people if we resumed the fight. with as many fac- tors in our favour as when we en- tered the present war. Everybody in this country would be expecting an- other war, and the interval of peaoe would be occupied by us, and other -countries, in preparing for it. No one would listen to Socialist propaganda, except in so far as certain oollectivist measures would make us the stronger to bear the shock of conflict. Some people regard this war as merely a disagreeable interlude in the inevitable progress of reforms leading to the Socialist State. They do not realise that not only Socialism, but civilisation itself, is fighting for its very existence. And the issue is not yet decided. The Germans are only some forty miles from Paris, and if they cared to sacrifice half a million men they might, conceivably, take the French capital. Actual defeat for us is impossible, and whatever happens, we shall finish the war with a much stronger navy, and an infinitely stronger army than when we began. But after the war, if the peace is at all inconclusive, we shall have con- scription, and protection, and a few other measures that the I.L.P. and the working classes of this country have good reason to detest. The future of Socialism is bound up with the victory of the Allies in this war. Mr Ramsay Macdonald admitted this when he declared at Bristol that the last thing he desired was that Ger- many should win. The obvious coroll- ary of this is that every Socialist and Labour man should do all he can to prevent Germany from winning.

GE^.YUNY'd FOOD DAYS.|

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YSTALYFERA NOTES.

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