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War and the Workers I Europe is plunged into a war, the end of which no man can foresee. It is not a war of the workers' choosing. The working classes of Russia, Germany, France, Bel- gium, Austria and Great Britain fiaye no quarrel, The rulers of Europe have caused this war, which will probably prove to be the most bloody and colossal crime in liuman history. Some of the ruling classes -wiU die on the battle-field, but the majority will suffer nothing 3but a diminution of luxuries. It is the workers who will sttffer. Their bones will bleach on the battle-fields of Europe; their bodies will be sent pulped and shattered to the bottom of the sea. Starvation will stalk the homes of the working classes. Women of our class will weep by desolate hearths for men who will never return. Children, our children, the children of the working classes, will cry for the bread that is not. For what? To gratify or thwart the ignoble passions, the base ambitions, the brutal in. stincts of kings and ruling castes. Useless to protest. The voice of reason is always drowned, temporarily, by the roar of the cannon. Labour men must watch and wait, and when the time comes, use all their power for peace. In this heur of terrible tragedy, at this moment of unutterable gloom, we must remember that ideas and Ideals in the long run rule the world. Ideas are stronger than dyna- mite. Faith will triumph over force. Right is the only true might. This throw-back to barbarism is not the end of all things. Reason will resume its sway. And when the workers of the world rule the world, there will be no more war. ——— ———
LABOUR MEMBERS AND THE CRISIS Interesting Interviews (By Our Own Correspondent from the I Lobby). House of Commons, Wednesday evening. Tense feelings prevailed in the House this evening, and members and their friends met in all parts to dis- cuss the situation as affecting England in view of the German reply to Great Britain's ultimatum sent last evening. Fortunately, I was able to have brief chats with a few of the Labour repre- sentatives, but the majority preferred to express no decided opinion on the matter, in view of the fact that the members had not then met to discuss their proTKJsed p-clvy. iI" MR JOHN WILLIAMS. Mr John Williams (Gower) said:— j "The organised workers, not only of Great Britain, but of Europe. are faced with a situation which pales the Napoleonic wars into significance. What are the Labour and Socialist movement to do? There are plenty, of counsellors,—wise and otherwise. In- side and outside the Labour and Socialist movement there are numbers ready to give us advice. Mr Ramsay Macdonald, in his verv able contribu- tion to the debate that followed Sir Edward Grey's statement, said all it was possible for any responsible leader to say at fl,it moment. THE WORKERS AND POLITICAL I POWER. "It ha, to be remembered that the I workers of Germany, France and Great ( Britain hove political power but not 'political control.' In a considerable measure our political destinies are de- ) cided for us by capitalists, and capital- ist parties Not until the workers of I the threo countries are organised politically in-I indiistriallv to the fullest possible extent can we hope to banish the .spectre of war. There is little that we can do now. It would be foolish to try to make a breakwater in a great storm that is the work of calm days. Passion now rules reason, and the la bour movement must wait until reason begins to reassert itself, and then cast every ounce of energy it possesses into the scale of peace. A CALL FOR UNITY. I Continuing. Mr Williams said he I thought it behoved every person con- nected with the T. U. and Socialist movement to endeavour to arrive at a common opinion as to the policy to be adopted under present circnmstances. The gfaat Labour movement was con- stituted of many wings, but he hoped that wise counsels would prevail, and that the Labour party, as a Party, would adopt a policy that would pre- serve their influence and power in the 'oountry. OTHER VIEWS. I Mr Robert Williams, secretary of the National Transport Workers', 'hoped that in this hour, the State in its collective capacity would safe- guard the material needs of the people. Mr Bern. Tillett said his answer to the qtery as to whether England could have remained neutral was emphatic- ally "No." Mr J. R. Clynes, M.P., thought what had happened effectively dis- proved what lea-ders of both sides had been saying, viz. that the British Navy wae merely for defensive pur- poses. MR JOHN BURNS. I I Mr John Burns, whose resignation as the President of the Board of Trade was accepted yesterday, was makimg his way to a ta.xi across the Palaoe yard, when I approached him, but holding up his hand, the Rt. Hon. Gentleman declared quite courteously, "No, I're nothing to say." ————— ————
SOCIALISTS' DUTY. I The general council of the Belgian Party has issued the following mani- festo "European war has been declared. In a few days, maybe, in a few hours, millions of people, who demanded to be allowed to live in peace, will be forced wifhout their consent into the most terrible of butcheries through treaties to which they were not parties, through powers who are strange to them. "The social-democracy has no re- sponsibility in this affair. She has done everything in her power to warn the people, to prevent the madness of I armaments, to avert the catastrophe which is now about to fall on the Europeon community. Our comrades called to the colours will show how the Socialists can behave in time of danger. I "But whatever the circumstances in which they are to be placed, we ask them never to forget even in the midst of the horrors which they will witness that they belong to the International I Socialist movement. I —————
TUB MORATORIUM. I In view of the partial Moratorium be- ginning with the opening of the banks to- day (Friday), is is useful to give the Encyclopaedia Britannica. definition of the word "The Moratorium is a legal authorisa- tion postponing for a specified time the payment of deW or obligations. A Moratory law is usuall y passed in some special period of political or commercial stress; for instance, on several occasions during the Franco-Werman War the French Government passed Moratory Laws. It is important to point out that the moratorium will not affect retail credit. ————— —————
W. A. WILLIAMS, Phrenologist, can I te consulted daily at the Victoria Arcade I (near the Market), Swansea.
NATIONAL RELIEF FOR DISTRESS I Prompt Action by Labour Congress. Labour, Socialist, and Co-operative I organisations in the country have joined hands in a great scheme of national relief for the workers and their families who are already victims of the war. Over a hundred delegates from these bodies met at the House of Commons on Wednesday, with Mr A. Hender- son, M.P., chairman of the Joint Board, presiding. They were called to consider the industrial and social posi- tion of the working elates as affected by the war. The conference constituted itself a national committee, and elected the following executive committee: Messrs. J. A. Seddon, H. Gosling, and C. W. Bowerman, M.P., representing the Parliamentary Committee of the Trade Union Congress; Messrs W. C. Ander- son, John Hodge, M.P., and Arthur Henderson, M.P., the Labour Party executive, Messrs. Ben Cooper, Ben Tillett, and W. A. Appleton, the General Federation of Trade Unions; Mr Robert Smillie, the Miners' Federa- j tion of Great Britain; Mr Albert Bel amy, the National Union of Railway- men Miss Mary Macarthur, Women's Trade Union League; Dr. Marion Phil- lips, Women's Labour League Mr H. M. Hyndman, British Socialist Party; and Mr Sidney Webb, the Fabian Society. APPEAL TO THE GOVERNMENT. I The following recommendation were adopted: That arrangements be made at once to press upon the Government and municipal authorities measures for officially controlling: (a) the purchase and storage of food; (b) the fixing of maximum Drices of food and trade necessities; and (c) the distribution of food. That the citizen committees proposed, to be set up be urged to guard against the exploitation of the people If un- necessarily high prices. That an appeal be issued to all Lab- our, Socialist, Co-operative, and women's organisations to render whole- hearted assistance in the work of the citizen committees. That the Government be urged to appoint a standing departmental com- mittee to stimulate arl co-ordinate the efforts of Government depart- ments, local authorities, and other employers to maintain the aggregate volume of employment by keeping their staffs at the fullest possible strength, and, if circumstances allow, to undertake additional enterprises in ord or to prevent the occurrence of as much unemployment as possible. That an appeal be made to the Government for the powers under the Development Commission and Road Board, together with the Unemployed Workmen Act, to be put into extensive operation in order that works of public utility may be expedited. That an appeal be made to the Board of Education to use its influence on local education authorities to adopt the Education (Provision of Meals) Act, including the powers contained in the Amending Bill about to become law. Viat the Local Government Board be requested to issue a circular to health committees calling upon them to arrange to supply milk to nursing mothers, infants, young children, and sick people. The first meeting of the executive was held at the Commons on Thurs- day. ————— —————
AMERICA OFFERS MEDIATION. I President Wilson has offered his good offices and services for mediation to all the Bforopean PoNvem involved in tke war. President Wilson says, "I should wel- come an opportunity to act in the inter- est of European peaoo, now or at any other time that might be thought more suitable, as the oceasion might serve you.
WE'VE THE MONEY BUT NOT THE SHIPS. I I L Americans WariBomid in London. London is full of Aniericams in dis- tress. They are rich-in paper money- they were revelling in good holiday times in Europe, and they suddenly find them- selves as stranded, as though they had not a dollar in the world. It ia estimated that there are 20,000 of them on this side of the Atlantic. In the West End of London there ars d' least 10,000 and their plight, serioua enough for them, is not without fts hum- ourous side. For they cannot turn their paper money into cash, and they cannot get it accepted in lieu of oaeh. Many of them are with- out a shilling, and are reduced to walkiag j aimlessly about the Streets or osaiir in the hotels. « MILLIONAIRES WITH A FP-KNC I APIECE. A party of five Chicago people told a representative of "The Dally Citizen" that they had come all the way from Switzerland OIl Monday with three francs in ready cash, together with a passenger ticket apiece. The three men of tha party were Chicago wheat brokers, mil- lionaires all of them. They had ti light meal at Boulogne on the way over and paid for it with a 50-dollar bill, the pro- prietor of the restaurant, with trtoe G&Uic shrewdn.ese,ving them no change, for, shrewdnee% n,Ely said, he might ?&ver be abbs to change it. However, the Americans will be right enough in a week's time. Under the chairmanship of Mr. Oscar Strauss am an American Advisory Advisory Commit- tee has been formed, with headquarters at the Savoy Hotel. This, when formed into sub-committees, will see that all the Americans in London are properly fixed for hotel accommodation, and it is also arranging for steamers to take them back to their native country. The United Stated Congress is being asked by. Presi- dent Wilson to allow the Ambassador (Dr. Paget) the sum of 960,OW for the relief of the Americans stranded here, but, of course, until the banks are open no money can be arranged for. The chief anxiety of the Americans is to get home. It is expefoted that within the next few days special transports will be despatched from the States to convey the stranded tourists home.
KAISER'S APPEAL FOR UNITY. In the Reiohstag on Tuesday the German Emperor delivered a Speech from the Throne. His Majestv after- wards addressed the deputies as fol- lows "You have read, gentlemen, what I said to my people from the bale-ony of the castle. I repeat I no longer recognise any parties. I know ody Germans—(loud cheers)—and in wit- ness thereof that they are firmly re- solved, without distinction of party or creed, to hold together through thick and thin, through need and death, I call upon the leaders of the parties to come forward and give me their hands upon it." One wonders whotlipr the Kaiser in- cluded the Socialists in this invitation, for it is not many yetr3 ago that ho stigmatized a!! German Socialists as "blackguards with a Country" (Yater- laixlslose Gesellen).
SUGAR GOES UP. The price of sugar in London on Wednesday increased in the retail trade by 100 per cent. Ttate's cube sugar advanced from 2d. and 2d. a pound to d a pound to 5d. granulated sugar was raised to 3gd. and 4d. per pourid. Packet cereals have been raised 10 per cent.
CONSERVING SHOP STOCKS. I In order to avoid panic buying of food stuffs and the consequent infla- tion of prices, to the detriment of the working classes, the directors of the Home and Colonial Stores announced on Wednesday that they will close their branches on Mondays and Thurs- days until further notice. The directors are hopeful that these steps wil curtail purchases to normal quantities and so obviate any further raising of prices
RUSH FOR NATURALISATION. I During the last few days commissioners of oaths have been busy in London hotels and restaurants swearing in new citizens—foreigners who preferred to be- come English rather than go to their re- spective countries. They are men who have been in this country for more than the qualifying period of five years; they do not wish to leave their places and their employers do not want to lose them. There is hardly a Frenchman among them. The French, when not liable for service, are ready to volunteer.
Messrs. Elders and Fiffes, Limited, state that there are seven cargoes of bananas, representing 460,000 stems, or 10,000 tons of fruit, now on their way to this country from the West Indies, in addition to the banana sup- ply from the Canary Islands. The latter supply represents 120,000 stems a week.
FOLLY OF PANIC j PRICES. Energetic State Action. Ener g etic State Action, HOW TO AVOID BEING OVER- CHARGED. There have been many examples of panic-buying from retailexs during the week. All over the country, says the Daily Citizen," people were wasting their money laying in stocks of foodstuffs at absurd prices, and merely adding to the panic profits which many shopkeepers have not hesitated to reap. It is necessary to repeat that there are stocks in the country of all the neces- saries of li, meat, groceries, canned goods, butter, and the rest enough to last at the ordinary rate of consumpton for months, even if we did not import another ounce, and if all the ports in Great Britain and Ireland were closed. Not only is the closing of our ports a geographical impossibility, but large ad- ditional supplies of wheat and meat are now on their way and must very shortly arrive. Prices are therefore in a week or two bound to drgp sharply. An addition?] reason which makes buy- ing at pa.nip prices merely throwing money away is that the State has taken on the insurance of war risks at sea, and the effect of this is that importers and exporters can carry on their business with confidence. If there are losses the nation will make them good. At present these risks can be amply covered by a, premium of 21s. for every 9100; that is a charge of only 2id. in every L an.d 2id. in every pound is all that, on a business footing, needs to be paid by the public to have all its needs met as usual. TO DEAL WITH "VULTUREERING." That charge ought hardly to be put on retail prices at all. When therefore 3d. or 4d. more per pound is demanded for meat, "and Id. per loaf more for bread; and other prices are rushed up in the same fashion, it is nothing more than preying on groundless fears. People who are asked for these prices ought at once to write to the Commercial Depart- ment of the Board of Trade, London, SW., as they have been officially in- vited to de- Do not hesitate to write. There is a good reason for so doing, because the Gov- ernment are now working out a plan of distributing foodstuffs so that the public may get them at honest prices, and they want to know, and know as soon as pos- sible where the "scarcity profits" are being matched. The substance of the scheme is that wherever it is necessary and advisable the, Government will open retail stores, under State management, to sell at fair prices, and will take over at a reasonable whatever wholesale supplies may be needed for that purpose. The scheme is now being worked out in consultation with leading men in both the wholesale trades and in the stores and catering busi- nesses. At the present time private "vultureering" cannot be allowed. OFFICIAL STATEMENT. On Wednesday the following official statement was issued by the Home OfEoe. The Cabinet Committee of Food Sup- plies met yesterday afternoon the re- presentatives of certain great companies owning 3,000 distributing shops and the Grocers' Federation representing 14,000 shops. Measures to be adopted to regulate the retail prices of gro- ceries and provisions were discussed. The Government are seeking the co- operation of the trades concerned is preventing an undme rise in price, and have received satisfactory assurances of vsaistanoo. Evidence was given that the present demand on the stocks of shops is not justified by any actual shortage of supplies. Excessive pur- chases are being made by needlessly alarmed customers, whose unreasonable conduct cannot be too strongly depre- cated. A representative meeting of the whole of the groceries and provision trade waa called for Thursday, and the result of its deliberations will be laid befcre the Cab- inet Committee at once. 00
WAR PARAGRAPHS Servians and Austrian who left Grimsby together to join their respec- tive armies were quite friendly. M. Vandervelde, leader of the Bel- gian Socialists, has accepted a Minister's portfolio for the term of the war. Gustav Herve, the famous French anti-militarist, volunteered for the front. The Labour Exchanges are working 4sy and night, chiefly engaging extra men for the dockyards. In London the newspapers are runn- ing short of paper, and already they are obliged to reduce the size of their issues. Welsh miners ha.ve been jeered at by the London newspapers as "un- patriotic" because they refused to work on Tuesday and Wednesday to swell the profits of the coalowners. The German ship "Belgia," seized at Newport, is said to have had R200,000 worth of food on board, in- eluding 400 tons of cheese. Mr D. A. Thomas, the Cambrian Combine chief, is among those said to sympathise with the Neutrality League. Only one Liberal newspaper—"The Manchester Guardian" -.has made a definite stand for peace. Sir Arthur B. Markham, M.P., the well-known coalowner, has expressed his determination not to raise the price of coal during the war. Sir Jesse Boot, proprietor of the well-known chemist shops bearing his name, has stated that he will pay half their regular wages to all employees serving as reservists, territorials or any in other capacity. From the Nottingham branch alone there are 120 such. Messrs. Harrod Stores Ltd., Lon- don's premier Emporium, arrange d to paYI half wages to married members of their staff who are called up. Believing that a big rise in the price I of corn must result from the war, West Sussex, farmers are ploughing up pas- tures to sow wheat. David Drage and Sons, furnishers, announce that the monthly payments due from customers attached to the Army, Navy, or Reserve forces will be suspended until the men return. Manchester City Council with give half pay to all reservis.ta in its employ called to the colours. Birmingham Chamber of Trade de- cided to address a letter to trade As- sociations asking them to fix a limit to the amount of food purchased by cus- tomers. Judge Grainger announced at Wool- wich County Courte his decision to ad- journ all judgment summonses. National Insurance Commissioners announced that contributions of Re- serves and Territorials during service will be at Army rate of 3d. per week, I-2Id. being deducted from pay. Lord Mayor of Newcastle said that the response for special constables, and to conserve the food supply had been nobly, given. Council of the Dublin Horse Show decided to abandon the show, having regard to horses in Dublin having been commandeered. M. Viviani, the French Premier, was formerly a member of the Unified Socialists of France. Mr Gwilym Lloyd George, second son of fche Chancellor of the Exchequer, has been appointed a lientenant of the 6th Battalion of the Royal Welsh Fusiliers (Te r v i t o r i a 1). Captain A .0. Vaughan ("Owen. Rhosycymyl") will probably be ap- pointed to command the regiment of Welsh Horse, which is now being raised. Lord Kensington and Lord de WalcLen will also be officers. Lloyd's agent at Odessa cabled that all the Russian lights of the Black Sea are extinguished. The export of grain. has been prohibited. A National Committee has been- formed in connection with the Labour organisations to protect the poor. Provision shops have been attacked" in Paris, but the police soon restored order. A suggestion has been made to work- men's committees connected with every colliery should constitute themselves into committees for the protection of life and property and prevent rioting- A riot occurred at a grocery, shop. in Bermondsey on Wednesday owing to- the advanced price of foodstuffs. The multiple &hop in Ystalyfera was the first provision store to advanool prices. Over 10,000, "soldiers" of 1Ile Salva- tion Army have been called to the- colours as British and naval reservists. Bord Morley, Mr John Burns, and Mr C. P. Trevelyan have resigned their Ministerial offices. There have been many arrests of supposed spies. The number of port workers and others thrown out of employment by the stoppage of Continental traffic al- j ready reaches on art or of' a- ion-
.a..¡.=.33:.=..=.=.=.=.t:z. ID ELYSIUM vi | HIGH S T • i SWANSEA. | •° HIGH ST. -SWANSEA. = *s Lessees — — THE ANIMA Coy. LTD. £ « ss 11 —^— so —————————————————————————————————————— Matinees-Monday, Thursday and Saturday at 2-30. s^: Twice Nightly, 6.15 and 8-30. ts | •o S — ———————————————————————————— S ♦ 9 loth, and during the week- i g* Monday. Organ. Recital. Special Engagement of + I Madam ELIZABETH BURGESS I •° From Covent Garden. ? ? ALSO ALL THE LATEST WAR NEWS IN PICTURES f Prices, 1/- (Reserved), 6d., & 3d. § Children Half-price to 6d. and 1/- Seats. Seats booked at Theatre Daily from 11 t. 5, and 6 to 9 (without + extra charge). Telephoue: No. 1330 Central. gf SS I, -4' ￼ TEA. THE OLD WIVES AT TEA. Mrs. JONES Indeed you must excuse me for being so long with the tea. The fire had gone low, you see, and I couldn't get the kettle to boil. t Mrs. EVANS Why don't you get the gas in, Mrs. Jones; it would save you heaps of work, and be a big comfort too, with your weak eyes. Mrs. JONES: Merch fach i, I have lived to go without it, and bring up a family of tea, and I am too old now to bother about things like that. Mrs. EVANS: Yes, my, dear, but you don't know how much easier it is to do your cooking, without making a mess of the fireplace. Mrs. THOMAS And 80 clean it is. Before the Tawe Gas Co. put in a stove for us, Thad to clean my fireirons and fen de: every day, and blacklead the fireplace twice a week. Now I have only to wipe them over. It is so much nicer. Mrs. EV AN And it is so cheap. We can cook a dinner for seven, and it only costs a penny. Mrs THOMAS: Tbey put in a penny-iu-the-slot meter for us, a stove and threo lights, for nothing. The gaa is much better than the messy old lamps and candles. Mrs. JONES Will they put it in for nothing ? Mrs. EVANS: Yes, merchi; just send a post-card to the Gas Works, Pontardawe, or to the Office at Ystalyfera, and they will send a man up at once, and the stove and lights will be fixed up in no time. Mrs. JONES: Then indeed I think I will do it as soon as we have finiahed tea. Because I do believe my eyes would be better if we had gas instead of the old-fashion lam ps. For particulars, drop a Post Card to the MANAGER, GAS WORKS, PONrrAHOA WE. ■W—■—— n una—awa—m