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SENGHENYDD PITi DISASTER.

Swansea Valley Trade

German Coal for LondonI

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FROM LABOUR'S STANDPOINT.

!Short Factory Hours. II

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Short Factory Hours. II SUCCESS OF REMARKABLE LABOUR I EXPERIMENT. Students of labour conditions are watch- ing with particular interest the experi- ment at present being carried out by Sir Richard Cooper, M.P., for Walsall, and principal of the firm of William Cooper and Nephews, the well-known chemical manufacturers, at his Berkhamstead works. Impressed by the quality of the work done in the firm's Chicago factory, where the hours are materially shorter than in England, Sir Richard told some. two hundred men at the Berkhamsted factory that for a trial period of three months work would begin at eight in the morning instead of six. The men's weekly wage remains unaltered. "The start at six on a practically empty stomach is altogether bad," de- clared Sir Richard to a press representa- tive. "As it is, the men come after a good breakfast and get right on to their work at once. When I made the change I appealed to the men to show their ap- preciation by reducing the waste of time to a minimum, and so far they have genuinely responded. It is, of course, too early to pronounce definitely on the scheme, but I have little doubt that its permanent adoption will be justified." One interesting result of the change has been a complaint from a, local publican that since the hours have been reduced his takings have so fallen off as to threaten his prosperity. This is largely due to the fact that the men now break- fast at home instead of carrying their food to work and going out for a glass "to wash it down." After six weeks' working Sir Richard's general verdict is that waste has been re- duced, the standard of efficiency raised, and that the firm will have no cause to repent of the change it has made. In the case of piece-workers the wage is kept at its former level during the experimental period by a system of bonuses. Should the new hours become permanent wages will be raised so that no one will suffer by the reduction of working time. —————— I

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I -LAND REFORMER'S DEATH.…

MINERS' WAGE DEMANDI

IDEA TH OF LORD WIMBORNE I

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