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From Labour's Standpoint.

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From Labour's Stand- point. NOTES OF THE WEEK. THE SOUTH AFRICAN STRIKE I The great strike in South Africa, which last week promised to end in victor v for the men, has been crushed. "There" can be no mistake on the point. On Monday, the brief uprising was -virtually over, and no good purpose would be served in denying the fact. But it would be a very grave error indeed to say that the strike has been a. failure, even though the workers have been compelled to return to their .duties unconditionally, and apparently vanquished. In the first place the strike would undoubtedly have continued until some degree of justice had been obtained, but for the monstrous and intolerable action taken by the Government to cuppress it. Imagine for one moment the proclamation of martial "law" and all its restrictive provisions; leaders of the men arrested on a wholesale scale on no grounds whatever; the threat- ened bombardment of Trade Union headquarters by artillery, and subse- quently besieged, and the very lives of the great mass of the strikers placed in jeopardy by the orders of the I Governor General and the Premier! The men had absolutely no alternative but to go back to work, but the magni- ficent solidarity of the strikers dis- played by this great upheaval spells success for the future, and if for this reason only the strike cannot be re- graded as a failure. MILITARY DESPOTISM I Lord Gladstone and his chief hencn- man, General Botha, are doubtless chuckling at their promptness in crush- ing the strike, but we venture to say that a rude awakening is in store for them. They have yet to face the em- phatic condemnation and censure of the Labour members of the South Afri- can Parliament, as well as the wrath of the whole of the workers in the country, and there is not the slightest doubt that their real difficulties have hardly yet commenced. It has been freely stated in this country that Imperial troops were placed at the disposal of the South African authorities for the use against the strikers, and in regard to this matter the British Parliamentoxy Labour Party are taking a very firm .and decided stand. Mr. G. H. Roberts, M.P., Chief Whip, has approached the Colonial Office to ascertain if there is truth in the statement respecting the Imperial troops, and whether any authorisation from the office had been issued to that effect. Mr. Roberts was assured that no authority had emanated therefrom re- garding the use of Imperial troops, liut the matter will be further persued, and if necessary, prompt action taken. This last exploit points conclusively to the necessity of recalling Lord Gladstone. The Governor General of South Africa has proved himself totally incapable of fulfilling this very responsible office, not only in the recent strike, but also by reason of his action during the Rand miners' strike last summer, and he ought to be instantly relieved of the duties for which he is hopelessly in- competent. NORTH WEST DURHAM In the words of a special correspon- dent, "Things in the Durham bye- election are now beginning to hum," and interest in the contest deepens. Mr. G. H. Stuart, the postman's offi- cial and Labour candidate, is making 4 t really splendid fight, and whilst we a) re not too confident of the result, we re convinced that Mr. Stuart's poeei- tt "lity of success is greater than many -ade Unionists and Socialists appear to believe. The Labour candidate's election ad- odrt V3S is a splendid pronouncement, and af < mly the electors would assimilate its coon tents and register their votee ac- occr4 lingly, the issue of the election TOOU ld be beyond doubt. T here is a strong Liberal element in -file, division, and this must not be over- høJk, ^d- The Radical candidate. Mr. A\JDB1 trin Williams, an apostle of oo- <<speri tion. co-partnership, trade Uaion- iim md what not, has surely proved insincere are his professions in wnwwi iting to oppose Mr. Stuart who was frst adopted. Mr. Williams has lmy 1 >een fond of advertising himself jtibe friend of labour, but in future we she uld think that Labour will "beg -to 4&ff. etr." Nomination day has ieen fixed f< or this Friday, add polling will take pI. 100 on Friday next. CIP, F SHOP ASSISTANTS' STRIKE The w ave ot unrest which has recent- ly nsjanei id among shop-aesistante in South W ales, has again made itself manifestin Cardiff. On Saturday thirty qf ,fbo employers of Messrs. David £ vons an* i Co., drapers, cania out on etrike « £ 'aiasit against the > living-in svstem, bi It the local officiaja- of ilh.Ð Shop Jkmia tacts' Union also alle, 9° iI five Tnemb æ"8 of the Union we re vic- timized by dismissal from the 801»- pany'-« mn rice, and reinstatexnea is demanded. The employers in the). Ù"8' place expret s a desire to end living. and say that they have offered a parfcu 1,1 abolition of the system, whilst they oomptetwty d my any attempt at ncfei- mixatioc in heir disraiaeaJ of the f-re I member. of t he staff referred to. These oontentions, i however, will' hardly co- incide with tl ie case presented by the Union, the 08 icials of which can prove -that the firm have bewr dallying with the matter of living-in for some con- siderable time. LANCASHIRE F OR LABOUR' I A very deter mined effort is to be I made to capture) industrial Lancashire for Labour. Following the results of the ballots take, i by the various sec- tions of the cotton trade workers Under I -the Trade Union Act, the legislative council of the United Factory Wlorkeml Association met in Manchester and co "lected six men as ParliaxooaistaELfy • ■- z- dates representative of the textile trade, two being sitting members, Mr. A. H. Gill, M.P. (Bolton), spinners, and Albert Smith, M.P. (Clithefroo), overlookers. There are, of course, other Labour members sitting for Lan- cashire constituencies, including Mr. Philip Snewdea, M.P. (Blackburn), and Mr. J. R. Clynes, M.P. (representing a Manchester division), but the great ob- ject of this newer movement is to se- cure representation by men who have a thorough knowledge of the local in- dustry, and there is much to be said for this desire. It is earnestly to be hoped, however, that every possible preparation will be made in these Lan- cashire constituencies before the general election takes place, and a campaign i for the purpose of eduoating the elec- tors to the needs of independent Labour representation commenced without delay. In common with many mining and other industrial districts, there are to be found in Lancashire several towns where the workers remain Liberals and Conser- vatives, although they have grasped the necessity for trade union combina- tion. This state of affairs nee& to be altered before Labour candidates stand any reasonable possibility of success at the polls. I MORE DUBLIN DISCLOSURES I Try as they will, counsel for the police in the Dublin riota inquiry can- not altogether stifle the witnesses who are attending to prove the amazing excesses of the custodians of "law and order" in that memorable industrial battle last autuma. For example, they find it impossible to discredit the evi- dence of an influential customs official who has complained of the police break- ing the windows of his and three aeigh- Jxmring dwelling houses. When he mildly remonstrated, a constable struck him Tiolently on the jaw, and sent him reeling across the road. Astonishing stories of oruel attacks on inoffensive orowda and individualia standing con- versing together in the streets, as well as gross outrages on women and young people continue to be told, and all the justification that the police can ad- vance is that the people appeared to be dangerous! There has been a determined attempt to prove that the strikers were the agressors, and that their stone-throw- ing was responsible for the events on Sunday, August 31st, but no impor- tance can be attached to this conten- tion in view of the overwhelming evi- dence which has been given in direct contradiction. The report of the Com- mission should provide interesting reading. Already there is muck specu- lation as to what it's contents will be. CITY MEN AND ARMAMENTS I We asked in this column a week or two ago if the country had arrived at the "beginning of the end" of the armaments craze. This query may well be repeated in view of the notable meeting held the other day in London, when city magnates condemned in -no half-hearted fashion, the proposals for adding to our naval expenditure. The workers have been protesting for years against the criminal waste of increased armaments with but little or no re- sult, but now t,hatth. ,.ÐAptàina.- of pommeroo are aleo realising the peril of this mad rush, there is some hope that the Government will pay heed to the decisive warning offered them. Mr. D. A. Thomaa was one of the most out- spoken of the capitalists present, and he sounded the right note when he declared that business men were be- coming more and more alarme d at "The endeavours of the Navy League to bleed the industries of the coun- try." Sir John Brunner also did well to la-y stress on the point that they should be more afraid of the arma- ments ring which conspired all over the world to induce people to be angry with each other, than of Germany. I o 0 ? GAS- ) ————— « —————

I FAMOUS PA.R'iilA'NITrNTARIAN'S…

J GIRLS STRIKE FOR MANAGER.

..............-. - "EMIER'S…

ITHE CHURCH AND THE MASSES

1An Ambitious Collier. -0

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