From Labour's Stand- point. NOTES OF THE WEEK. THE SOUTH AFRICAN STRIKE I The great strike in South Africa, which last week promised to end in victor v for the men, has been crushed. "There" can be no mistake on the point. On Monday, the brief uprising was -virtually over, and no good purpose would be served in denying the fact. But it would be a very grave error indeed to say that the strike has been a. failure, even though the workers have been compelled to return to their .duties unconditionally, and apparently vanquished. In the first place the strike would undoubtedly have continued until some degree of justice had been obtained, but for the monstrous and intolerable action taken by the Government to cuppress it. Imagine for one moment the proclamation of martial "law" and all its restrictive provisions; leaders of the men arrested on a wholesale scale on no grounds whatever; the threat- ened bombardment of Trade Union headquarters by artillery, and subse- quently besieged, and the very lives of the great mass of the strikers placed in jeopardy by the orders of the I Governor General and the Premier! The men had absolutely no alternative but to go back to work, but the magni- ficent solidarity of the strikers dis- played by this great upheaval spells success for the future, and if for this reason only the strike cannot be re- graded as a failure. MILITARY DESPOTISM I Lord Gladstone and his chief hencn- man, General Botha, are doubtless chuckling at their promptness in crush- ing the strike, but we venture to say that a rude awakening is in store for them. They have yet to face the em- phatic condemnation and censure of the Labour members of the South Afri- can Parliament, as well as the wrath of the whole of the workers in the country, and there is not the slightest doubt that their real difficulties have hardly yet commenced. It has been freely stated in this country that Imperial troops were placed at the disposal of the South African authorities for the use against the strikers, and in regard to this matter the British Parliamentoxy Labour Party are taking a very firm .and decided stand. Mr. G. H. Roberts, M.P., Chief Whip, has approached the Colonial Office to ascertain if there is truth in the statement respecting the Imperial troops, and whether any authorisation from the office had been issued to that effect. Mr. Roberts was assured that no authority had emanated therefrom re- garding the use of Imperial troops, liut the matter will be further persued, and if necessary, prompt action taken. This last exploit points conclusively to the necessity of recalling Lord Gladstone. The Governor General of South Africa has proved himself totally incapable of fulfilling this very responsible office, not only in the recent strike, but also by reason of his action during the Rand miners' strike last summer, and he ought to be instantly relieved of the duties for which he is hopelessly in- competent. NORTH WEST DURHAM In the words of a special correspon- dent, "Things in the Durham bye- election are now beginning to hum," and interest in the contest deepens. Mr. G. H. Stuart, the postman's offi- cial and Labour candidate, is making 4 t really splendid fight, and whilst we a) re not too confident of the result, we re convinced that Mr. Stuart's poeei- tt "lity of success is greater than many -ade Unionists and Socialists appear to believe. The Labour candidate's election ad- odrt V3S is a splendid pronouncement, and af < mly the electors would assimilate its coon tents and register their votee ac- occr4 lingly, the issue of the election TOOU ld be beyond doubt. T here is a strong Liberal element in -file, division, and this must not be over- høJk, ^d- The Radical candidate. Mr. A\JDB1 trin Williams, an apostle of oo- <<speri tion. co-partnership, trade Uaion- iim md what not, has surely proved insincere are his professions in wnwwi iting to oppose Mr. Stuart who was frst adopted. Mr. Williams has lmy 1 >een fond of advertising himself jtibe friend of labour, but in future we she uld think that Labour will "beg -to 4&ff. etr." Nomination day has ieen fixed f< or this Friday, add polling will take pI. 100 on Friday next. CIP, F SHOP ASSISTANTS' STRIKE The w ave ot unrest which has recent- ly nsjanei id among shop-aesistante in South W ales, has again made itself manifestin Cardiff. On Saturday thirty qf ,fbo employers of Messrs. David £ vons an* i Co., drapers, cania out on etrike « £ 'aiasit against the > living-in svstem, bi It the local officiaja- of ilh.Ð Shop Jkmia tacts' Union also alle, 9° iI five Tnemb æ"8 of the Union we re vic- timized by dismissal from the 801»- pany'-« mn rice, and reinstatexnea is demanded. The employers in the). Ù"8' place expret s a desire to end living. and say that they have offered a parfcu 1,1 abolition of the system, whilst they oomptetwty d my any attempt at ncfei- mixatioc in heir disraiaeaJ of the f-re I member. of t he staff referred to. These oontentions, i however, will' hardly co- incide with tl ie case presented by the Union, the 08 icials of which can prove -that the firm have bewr dallying with the matter of living-in for some con- siderable time. LANCASHIRE F OR LABOUR' I A very deter mined effort is to be I made to capture) industrial Lancashire for Labour. Following the results of the ballots take, i by the various sec- tions of the cotton trade workers Under I -the Trade Union Act, the legislative council of the United Factory Wlorkeml Association met in Manchester and co "lected six men as ParliaxooaistaELfy • ■- z- dates representative of the textile trade, two being sitting members, Mr. A. H. Gill, M.P. (Bolton), spinners, and Albert Smith, M.P. (Clithefroo), overlookers. There are, of course, other Labour members sitting for Lan- cashire constituencies, including Mr. Philip Snewdea, M.P. (Blackburn), and Mr. J. R. Clynes, M.P. (representing a Manchester division), but the great ob- ject of this newer movement is to se- cure representation by men who have a thorough knowledge of the local in- dustry, and there is much to be said for this desire. It is earnestly to be hoped, however, that every possible preparation will be made in these Lan- cashire constituencies before the general election takes place, and a campaign i for the purpose of eduoating the elec- tors to the needs of independent Labour representation commenced without delay. In common with many mining and other industrial districts, there are to be found in Lancashire several towns where the workers remain Liberals and Conser- vatives, although they have grasped the necessity for trade union combina- tion. This state of affairs nee& to be altered before Labour candidates stand any reasonable possibility of success at the polls. I MORE DUBLIN DISCLOSURES I Try as they will, counsel for the police in the Dublin riota inquiry can- not altogether stifle the witnesses who are attending to prove the amazing excesses of the custodians of "law and order" in that memorable industrial battle last autuma. For example, they find it impossible to discredit the evi- dence of an influential customs official who has complained of the police break- ing the windows of his and three aeigh- Jxmring dwelling houses. When he mildly remonstrated, a constable struck him Tiolently on the jaw, and sent him reeling across the road. Astonishing stories of oruel attacks on inoffensive orowda and individualia standing con- versing together in the streets, as well as gross outrages on women and young people continue to be told, and all the justification that the police can ad- vance is that the people appeared to be dangerous! There has been a determined attempt to prove that the strikers were the agressors, and that their stone-throw- ing was responsible for the events on Sunday, August 31st, but no impor- tance can be attached to this conten- tion in view of the overwhelming evi- dence which has been given in direct contradiction. The report of the Com- mission should provide interesting reading. Already there is muck specu- lation as to what it's contents will be. CITY MEN AND ARMAMENTS I We asked in this column a week or two ago if the country had arrived at the "beginning of the end" of the armaments craze. This query may well be repeated in view of the notable meeting held the other day in London, when city magnates condemned in -no half-hearted fashion, the proposals for adding to our naval expenditure. The workers have been protesting for years against the criminal waste of increased armaments with but little or no re- sult, but now t,hatth. ,.ÐAptàina.- of pommeroo are aleo realising the peril of this mad rush, there is some hope that the Government will pay heed to the decisive warning offered them. Mr. D. A. Thomaa was one of the most out- spoken of the capitalists present, and he sounded the right note when he declared that business men were be- coming more and more alarme d at "The endeavours of the Navy League to bleed the industries of the coun- try." Sir John Brunner also did well to la-y stress on the point that they should be more afraid of the arma- ments ring which conspired all over the world to induce people to be angry with each other, than of Germany. I o 0 ? GAS- ) ————— « —————
I FAMOUS PA.R'iilA'NITrNTARIAN'S I RETIREMENT. Mr. Jesse Collings, M.P., who has represented the Bordesley Division of Birminghom since 16, will retire from Parliament with Mi. Joseph Chamber- lain at the next general election. la the letter announcing his decision Mr. Collings says that for over half a century he has been in close and un- broken friendship with Mr. Chamber- lain, and they worked together in per- fect agreement in social, municipal, and political affairs. It seems fitting, there- fore, even as a matter of sentiment only, he adds, that they should put off their harness together and at the sa-me timo. The son of a working man, Mr. Col- ling3 was born in 1831, and is thus in his 83rd year. In 1849 he started his career in Birmingham as an assistant to a hardware firm, of which he after- wards became the head. retiring with a competence in 1879. Mr. Collings in- ftroduoed the proposal of "Three acres and a cow," and was at one time ac- corded considerable support in his pro- posals.
J GIRLS STRIKE FOR MANAGER. Because the manager of their works was called upon to resign by his em- ployers, 200 girls at the clothing fw- tory of Messrs. Hart and Levy, Nun- eaton, have struok work. The girls censidered t-hat the laaaa- pjer, who had 32 years' service in the firm, had been victimised, and they de- clared their determination to remain O. strike pending the receipt of a satis- factory explanation from the Leicester r headquarters of the firm. A meeting of the strikers was held w hen someone stated that the dismissal oi, the local manager was owing to im- Qect work being sent out from Nun- n factory. The strikers denied that the Jl anager was responsible for this. TV girls are most indignant over ?? )' -? nissal of their manager and de- l: ? will not resume work until (' a W'J\ L_.1 P. k.. b. --itated. Picketing is being re- he' M rwR sorted' M. a. a
"EMIER'S RETURN. TtlK 1;1\ Minister returned from The PJ.iÍ1i v on the Continent on a brief h- olidfe nanied by his youngest Mond:y; :oæmrrl my and the Ainik mpanion. l)a. rung; eM
I THE CHURCH AND THE MASSES Archbishop of Canterbury's New Year's Message A Labour Leader's Views I (By Vernon Hartshorn). "Can any clear headed observer doubt that the real power and goveranoo of the country in years that are not far off will rest indirectly, at least, with the organisetd industrial forces of English manhood, or possibly manhood and womanhood together ? It is a force cap- able, I unhesitatingly believe, of carry- ing into practical effect the very noblest ideals. It is in no sense an irreligious force. This is not the utterance of a Socialist or Labour leader, answering the venom- ous critics who yelp "Atheism" and "Materialism" at the heela of the organ- ised working classes, though it is prac- tically identical, almost to every word, with the phrases which have been uaed many a time during these few years by Labour leaders who really know the meaning of the organised industrial move- ment, and who have frequently been stung to indignation and justifiable anger by the false charges which have been brought against us. No, this defence and justification of the Labour movement from the moral and truly religious aspect—and by "truly re- ligious." I mean religion in its spiritual and ethical aspects as distinct from its sectarian dogmas and creeds-comes this time, not from a Labour leader who may be open to the charge of special plead- ing, but from no less a personage than the Archbishop of Canterbury. ARCHBIHOP'S NEW NOTE This remarkable tribute to the mission of the Labour movement as represented by the organised industrial workers and by the ethical ideals which animate that movement ought to lift on to a higher plane the discussion which has for some years past been proceeding as to the re- lationship between the churches and the maases. The utterances of the Archbishop of Canterbury in the course of the sermon which he preached at Canterbury on the threshold of the new year strikes a new note, and will, I rust, herald the de- velopment of a better understanding be- tween Labour and the churches during the year which is now before us. There are marked signs that the churches of all denominations are gradu- ally displaying a greater desire to study sympathetically the modern phases of the Labour movement. The hasty judg- ments of the past few years which jumped to the conclusion that the new Labour movement was materialistic and irresponsible in the most objectionable sense, and that its aim was simply de- structive and not constructive, are gradu- ally being discarded, and their place is being taken by a genuine desire to under- stand ajad eo-operate in all that makes for material and moral betterment. WELCOME FROM LABOUR FORCES I Without the concession of any principles whieh may be essential to the success of labour in its mission to revolutionise our social system, I am convinced that the whole of the Labour forces will welcome these enlightened words from the Arch- bishop of Canterbury, for though the misunderstandingB between the churclies and the Labour movement may have estranged large sections of the working classes, there is, I believe, deep down in the heart of every working man and working woman an instinctive conviction thn.t if the Christian Church is true to her principles and high mission she must be the ally of the masses and not of the classes or moneyed interests. Whatever bitterness there may be on the part of the masses towards the church es has been largely caused by the suspicion, and in many cases by the practical conviction, that she has not been as true as she might have been to her own epeciaJ mission, and thiit she has fallen too much under the influence of classes and interests which are bitterly opposed to the ideals of the proletariat and which oppose step by step the struggle of the organised industrial workers to secure that control of our social system which the Archbishop of Canterbury now seems to regard not only aa inevitable, but also as desirable, seeing that he "un- liesitatingly believes that they are a force capable of carrying into effect the very noblest ideals." [ NATURAL ALLIES Between the masses and the -churches there ought to be no natural animosity. There is no fundamental or unavoidable reason why there should be. On the contrary, there ought to be every reason why they should be in the closest alli- ance. The working classes feel that the churches are their natural allies, and the very bitterness with which so many of the workers reeent what they believe to be thtir betrayal oby the churches is itself the best evidence that could be afforded of the intensity exf their con- viction that the Church can only be faithful to her sooial mission by being on the side of those who suffer from social and economic injustice. It is gratifying and encouraging that the note of good will towards the Lab- our movement should have been struck this new year by the Primate, and if it is token up in the sanie enlightened .apirit 'by t;h.e:ch.ujcliea of all denomina- tions, we-ought soon to be well in sight of an end to the bickerings which are doing the Labour movement no good, and are causing diasensions in the ohmrohes themselves and serious secessions from their membership. WHAT HAS THE CHURCH TO 1 SAY! I The Churches mu&t continue their efforts to understand us, with all our im- perfections, and with all our honest con- victions &nd ideals. The Labour and Socialist movement has oome to stay. It is destined to be one of the greatest movement which will create the atmos- phere in which it will be possible for the Christian Church to realise her earliest social ideals of equality and justice. As the Archbishop says, "What has the church to say to this world move- ment?'' If all the church has to say to it is to bawl "Atheist"; if, when we ask for better wages, better housing, social control of the production of wealth, food and clothing for the child- ren, the only reply of the church is to shout "Materialism"—then so much the worse for the church. As long as she does that ehe will fail to conciliate the meeees.
1 An Ambitious Collier. -0 APPLIES TO JOIN COAL- OWNERS' ASSOCIATION. I SAYS FEDERATION IS A FRAUD! An extraordinary case came before Judge Bryn Roberts at the Mountain Ash County Court on Tuesday, when a collier named Herbert Price, living at Abercynon, sued Chas. Maddox, sec- retary of the local branch of the South Wales Miners' Federation for 10s. which it was alleged, had been wrongly deducted from him. Mr. A. Ivor Parry defended, but Price was not legally represented. "I don't wish to impute fraud, your Honour," said he in his opening state- ment, "but I do say that the money has been wrongly kept back." I joined on the 7th June, when I paid 5s., which was entered as 4s. for entrance fee and Is. as the ordinary contribution. Plaintiff (with a forensic air): I have tried to avoid coming here, and have attended a meeting of the committee to see whether an error had been com- mitted. Some of them said "Yes," and some "No." Here, sir, is a copy of the letter which I wrote to the Federation secretary. You will see from the con- tribution card, your honour, that I have paid 20s., but that only 10s. was due, according to the card. CANDIDATE FOR A TREASURER- SHIP. A letter sent by Price to the lodge officials, read as follows: "I offer my services to the Sout-h Wales Miners' Federation lodge, Aber- cynon, as a treasurer. In sending my card, as requested, I wish to point out to you that, possibly, there is Borne er- ror. You will note that, since June 7, 1913, I have paid 20s. If your secretary will refer to his book, 5s., I think, was to entrance fee; so I venture to say that I have paid, perhaps, more than any candidate who may offer his ser- vices. Further, I believe there are scores who haven't paid one penny; I know some. Is it fair that they should vote in the coming ballot, and a would- be candidate barred ? I ask for a run for my money. "Yes" or "No." (Signed) Herbert Price. Plaintiff was cross-examined by Mr. Ivor Parry, who suggested that Price knew that the entrance fee was JE1. Plaintiff: But there is no mention of the entrance fee on the card, sir. Mr. Ivor Parry: But why did you pay Ss. in June, then, when only Is. was due? Plaintiff: Through the tyranny of the Federation. Mr. Ivor Parry: Did you see this poster, where it is mentioned that the entrance fee is 20s. ■' Plaintiff: I did. Mr. Ivor Parry: Am I right in sug- gesting that it was your disappoint ment at not being allowed to apply for the treasurership that prompted you to take these- proceedings ? Plaintiff: Tut, tut; no. (Laughter.) In discussion between his honour and Mr. Ivor Parry the latter admitted the possibility of the items having been entered in the wrong columns, but ho added that there could be no shadow of doubt as to the fee being Ll. TRIED TO JOIN THE COALOWN- ERS. Mr. Ivor Parry (resuming his cross- examination): Have you tried to be- come a member of the Coalowners' Association ? Plaintiff: I have. Plaintiff said the following was his letter to the Coalowners' Association on May 22, 1913:— "I am desirous of becoming a mem- ber of the Coalowners' Association. Will you be so good as to say whether I need an introduction, or what form is to be used. What are the fees? I may say I have resided at Abercynon over eighteen years." Plaintiff said he received the following reply "I am in receipt of your letter of the 22nd inst. I don't quite understand the meaning of your letter, as the as- sociation is a combination of colliery owners, and only owners are admitted into partnership.—Finlay A. Gibson (assistant secretary)." Plaintiff (to plaintiff): Of course, you replied to that letter? Plaintiff (buoyantly): Certainly, I did Mr. Ivor Parry: I guessed you would (Laughter). FEDERATION A FRAUD. The acknowledgment was as follows: "Thanks for your reply. I was not aware that the association was for col- liery owners only. My object in wishing to join was that I preferred to pay to my emplovers than to the Federation, which is a fraud. I am sorry to have given you trouble to reply. Herbert Price." Addressing his Honour, Mr. Ivor Parry submitted that, assuming there had been a mistake on the part of the lodge secretary, he would have no power in the matter. plaintiff (interrupting): You have discretionary powers, your Honour? His Honour (after reading the speci- fic rule): No, I haven't. This rule states "that the power lies with the council, and their decision is final." You must go before them. The case ia dismissed.
—————« < <————— A Welsh divine—an elderly bachelor —was asked by a member of his flock for advice. It seems the young man had two strings to his bow—one a charming girl who was penniless, the other a less prepossessing young wo- man well dowered with this world's goods. "My dear brother," said the divine, "don't let the matter trouble you for a moment. Go and marry the girl you love-and give me the address of the other." 0
W k, WILLIAMS, Phr-eniologist, I "rm*ulted daily at the Victoria ^rcstde Ilieipr th* Market). ;wnsfen.
a — NEWS FROM ALL QUARTERS I I I The Week at Home and Abroad SPANISH MINERS' STRIKE. A telegraphic message says the posi- tion of affairs in connection with the strike at the Rio Tinto mines appears to have become more aggravated since the interruption of the negotiations be- tween the official arbitrators and the representatives of the employers and workers. The English representatives of the company are due at Madrid, and the Government are hopeful that their presence may a.id in a solution of the difficulty. DEATH ROLL OF THE WORKERS. I Exclusive of seamen, the number of workpoople reported as killed in the course of their employment during De- cember was 300, an increase of 30 on a year ago. The total number of fatal accidents in mines was 119, an increase of seven on November and of 16 on December, 1912. The total number of fatal accidents reported under the Fac- tory and Workshop Act was 135, an increase of 31 on November and of 19 on December, 1912. The total number of fatal accidents to seamen reported during December was 118, as compared with 35 a month ago, and 73 a year ago. RICH WOMEN STARVED TO j DEATH. Remarkable details were given at an Essex inquest on Adelaide Playle. aged 80, of Herongate, who died of starvation and senile decay amid an I extraordinary collection of valuables. The woman's bankbook showed a ba- lance of £ 100 and £ 500 on Consols in her favour. A nephew named Matthew Playle said that the woman regarded her relatives with the bitterest hatred and had rejected all their advances. A verdict of death in accordance with the medical evidence was returned. THE GARDEN CITY MOVEMENT. The annual meeting of the South Wales Garden Cities and Town-Plan- ning Association, of which Mr. David Davies, M.P., Llandinan, is president, will be held at the Y.M.C.A.-bulidings, Cardiff, on Tuesday evening, January 27. This association, which is a non- party and non-proift-making organisa- tion, has been established for the pur- pose of influencing public opinion in favour of housing reform on the most approved lines, including especially the adoption of the Garden City principles by the limitation of the number of houses per acre and the systematic planning of the future development both of the outsgirta of older towns and of all new centres of population. Proposals for the amendment of exist- ing legislation relating to public utili- ty housing societies will be considered at the meeting. THE THREE SHIFT SYSTEM IN I NORTHUMBERLAND. At a meeting of the Northumberland Miners' Council at Newcastle it was decided by 52 votes to 1 "That the question of the threhift system be now left in the hands of our members at eaeh three-shift pit, and that they have power to make locally the best arrangement they can with the manage- ment at each pit so as to have the system abolished or modified at their own collieries. No final agreement is to be made in any case until the pro- posals have been submitted to the exe- cutive committee in order that the [general working conditions may be safe- guarded." The resolution will be sub- mitted to the men for confirmation or otherwise. FOREMAN SHOOTS AT PICKET. I There was a sequel to the Blackburn strike at the Blackburn Police Court when George Gray, described as a fore- man gasworker, was fined 20s. and costs for discharging a revolver to the danger of the public. Evidence was given that defendant drove to the gas works in a taxi-cab at midnight. A picket stepped up to open the door, and defendant putting his arm through the window, fired two blank shots into the air. The defence was that Gray was afraid of the picket entering the taxi. The chief constable described the act of firing as indiscreet and rash. Such conduct, he said, was likely to cause a tumult. There was no need for a man to carry a firearm. ODDFELLOWrS AND THE INSUR- ANCE ACT. An important conference of delegates from all parts of South Wales and Monmouthshire was held at the Odd- fellows' Hall, Cardiff, to consider the position of the Manchester Unity in Wales under Section 16 of the National Insurance Amendment Act, 1913. This is the section under which it is open for Welsh members of Approved Socie- ties to make application to be treated as a. separate unit for valuation pur- poses under the Act. In short, this is the section which in the popular mind presents the patriotic appeal, enabling for example, Oddfellows living in Wales to remain, if they so wish, under the control of the Insurance Commissioners for Wales. The conference rejected this proposal, it being the prevailing opinion that the interests of Oddfel- lows living in Wales can best be served by preserving the complete unity of the Order. AGRICULTURE IN GOWER. At the annual meeting of the Gower Agricultural Society held in Swanom the eighth annuaJ report, submitted by Mr. A. Anthony (the hon. Becretary), showed that the last ehow of the society had no less than 780 entries, and was pronounced by the judges to be the finest one-day show in South Wales. The mountain pony classes were get- ting more popular every year. The weaker section of the show appeared to be the harness classes, which it was hoped to improve by the offering of increased prizes. Considering the society was only seven years old, a balance in hand of nearly C400 must be regarded as very satisfactory. The chairman expressed the opinion that the report was very satisfactory. THE ARMY CANTEEN SCANDALS. ) A trial which promises to be one of exceptional gravity, reflecting upon the methods of the Army canteen depart- ments has been opened at Bow-street Police-court, before Sir John Dickin- son, when sixteea pers-ons were charged under the Corrupt Practices Act with conspiring to obtain favourable treat- ment for Messrs. Lipton (Limited) in relation to the affairs and business of the Crown. The summonses were issued at the instance of the Public Prosecutor as a result of the recent inquiry into the Army canteen departments' methods. Eight of the defendants are officers in the Army, and the others connected with the arm of Messrs. Lipton (Ltd.), provision merchants and Army oaterers. I DEATH OF SIR JOHN DUNCAN. I Much regret has been expressed at j the death, which occurred at his resi- S dence at Penarth, on Sunday morning, • of Sir John Duncan, in his 68th year. He had been unwell for two years. The I deceased gentleman had been promi- | nently associated with the public and commercial life of South Wales. He was j! one of the proprietors of the "South Wales Daily News" and associated pub- lications, a prominent Liberal and educational authority, and was knight- ed by King Edward in 1909. 1 COLLIERY FIRE AT PORTH. At 5.30 on Saturday evening a fire broke out art t&o tapping screens of Haynes Hease Coal Pit, Cymmer, Porth, mntM by Messrs. hnelaa, Ltd., and the greatsr portion mi the struo- ture warn satted. Hearimg 8f the out- break en his arrival at Porth from Cardiff, Mr. D. Watte Morgan, inincre agent, ma4le straight for the cslliery, and was aweag \hese who at some per- sonal risk restored every possible as- sistance ia qaaHiag the fire. An hour and a half aftaor the Mttbrsak the bri- gade ha raceeaded in getting the fire under eeaCcel, tat as a precautionary measure Bcrme ef the brigade members remained at the ptt top far some hours. TUB JAPAXJ86S DIMASTHR. The Japaaese Embassy has received the following efleial report regarding the eraptioa of Sakarashima from Tokyo;- "Of about 3,500 lkou&m ia the Islanc of Sakarashinaa, nearly a half wen destroyei by Are ia ooasequeaoe of th. recant eruptioa, aad the inhabitant took flight by boat to the mainland The list of casualties is not yet to han4 but it is not believed to be very heavy According to a report, it is estimate at 200. "The city of Kagoehima, lying oj posite the island, has been subjected t showers of ashes and to earthquake: The whole town is practically deserte< The casualty roll there shows 24 kil!E and wounded, and nearly all buildinj were more or less damaged."
￼ ?ic. <??' 'Wf? Sh?PP? WHtH t'4."Ib a(trh.t 9 C,-t b f PC dhe",rt of 3a4,ttl.- 1?3uf pou must caff af e £ >§oppe Wo. 10 Zproansea o prooc if B—I—MTOTTlTllttf nf ITIfTlTmilHIIMiMIBHIII I nil IIIWI>llif ITTim ,ri I11lirlir, THE OLD WIVES AT TEA Mrs. JONES Indeed you must excuse me for being so I long with the tea. The fire had gone low, you see, and I couldn't get the kettle to boil. Mrs. EVANS Why don't you get the gas in, Mrs. Jones; it would save you heaps of work, and be a big comfort too, with your weak eyes. Mrs. JONES: Merch fach i, I hare lived to go without it, and bring up a family of ten, and I am too old nuw to bother about things like that. Mrs. EVANS: Yes, my dear, but you don't know how much easier it is to do your cooking, without making a. mess of the fireplace. Mrs. THOMAS And so clean it is. Before the Tawe Gas Co. put in a stove for us, I had to clean my fireirons and fende; every day, and blacklead the fireplace twice a jj week. Now I have only to wipe them over. It is so 1 much nicer. 8 Mrs. EVANS And it is so cheap. We can cook a dinner §1 for seven, and it only costs a penny. Mrs THOMAS They put in a penny-in-the-slot meter ] for us, a stove and three lights, for nothing. The gas is much better than the messy old lamps and candles. Mrs. JONES Will they put it in for nothing ? Mrs. EVANS: Yes, merch i; just send a post-card to the Gas Works, Pontardawe, or to the Office at Ystalyfera, and they will send a man up at once, and the stove and lights will be fixed up in no time. Mrs. JONES: Then indeed I think I will do it as scon as | we have finished tea. Because I do believe my eves would be better if we had gas instead of the old-fashion lamps. For particulars, drop a Post Card to the MANAGER, GAS WORKS, PONTAKDAWE.