Reports of Meetings and Notices of Forth- coming Events can be sent direct to the "Gazette" Office, Queen Street, Bridgend. I
Saturday, April 17th.-Before: Alderman W. Llewellyn (chairman), Messrs. Llewellyn Jomss, J. Rees, W. Powell, W. J. Lewis, R. T. Jenkins, J. Thomas, and R. L. Knight. DRUNK. M For having been drunk, William mgely, collier, Keniig Hill, was fined 10s., and David Davies, collier, Blaengarw, was fined 20B. for a like offence. INDECENT LANGUAGE. I The use of indeoent language led to tines being imposed on Morris Pugh, mason, Bryn- menin, 15: Thomas Bevan, stoker, Bryn- menin, 15s.; David Garret, collier, Caerau, 20b. NUISANCES. I Edward Bryant, labourer, tfrKigena, was fined 10s. for having committed a nuisance on the highway. Summoned for a similar offence, Morgan Williams, farmer, Treoes, and David Davies, labourer, Treoes, were each fined 10s, NO LAMPS. For having driven a vehicle without lighted lamps attached, Ernest Pearoe, haulier, Brid- gend, was ordered to pay the costs, 56. SUNDAY TRADERS. The following Sunday traders were tined:- Angel Franchi, shopkeeper, Bridgend, 5s. and 5s. costs; Peter Morruzzi, shopkeeper, Pricetown, 5s. and 5s. costs; Antonio Sti- mate, shopkeeper, Blaengarw, 5s.; Henry Evans, shopkeeper, Blaengarw, 5s.; Esposito Stanesate, shop assistant, Nantyffyllon, 5s.; John Brugnoli, shopkeeper, Nantyffyllon, 5s. and 5s. costs; Plattuni Giovanni, shop assist- ant, Pontycymmer, 5s.; Florence Kear, shop assistant, Pontycymmer, 5s. Boreth Cileste, shop assistant, Pontycymmer, os.; Domico Grimaldi, shopkeeper Maesteg, 5s. and 5s. costs; Bridget Murphy, shopkeeper, Maesteg, 5s.; Moruzzi Giovanni, shop assistant, Ken- fig Hill. 5s. and 5s. costs; Rosie Nardone, I shonkeeuer, Kenfig Hill, 5s. and 5s. costs. I EDUCATIONAL. I For having failed -1 +h"ir children to school regularly, the following were dealt with: John Dibble, Cheltenham Terrace, Bridg- end, 5s. James Underbill, Maddox Place, Bridgend. 5s.; John -),I. Anstralian Terrace, Bridgend, 5s. SIDE CAR LIGHT. I William T. Davies, collier. Nantyffyllon, was summoned for having driven a motor cycle and side car without having .lighted lamps attached to the side car. P.S. David said he saw defendant driving through Aberkenfig. He had a light on the cycle, but not on the side car. There was no red light at the rear either. Fined 5s. ABUSIVE LANGUAGE. I Agnes Hyde, married woman, Fowlers Place, Caerau, summoned John Murphy, pumpsman, Wyndham Street, Blaencaerau. for having used abusive language towards her. Defendant was fined 15s. ABSENTEE. I John Jones, private m the Welsh 1-foegi- ment, Barry, was charged with having been an absentee from his regiment. Defendant said his child was ill, and he was refused permission to go home, so took French leave. The Chairman: You must not take French « leave in the Army. Defendant was remanded to await an escort. ADMISSION AFTER DENIAL. I David Thomas and Harry Harris, colliers, Penyfai, who with William Earl, Lodwig House, Burry Port, Carmarthenshire, were charged with having been drunk at Porth- cawl. The constable said he saw the three defend- ants staggering about the road. They were helplessly drunk and he had to take them to the police station, where they were detained for two hours and then were allowed to travel Iforne in a wallonette. At the last Court, the lads denied the offence, one saying he had never touched a drop of drink in his life. His mother also with empha- tic gestures denied that her boy had ever, to her knowledge, touched a drop of drink, and she would search Porthcawl. she said, to find witnesses to prove that her boy was not drunk. The case was ultimately adjourned for this to be done. One of the defendants now appeared, and admitted they were drunk. The Deputy Clerk: What made you deny it last week? Defendant: I am very sorry. Fined 15s. each.
Monday.—Before Mr. W J. Lewis (in the I chair) FOOTBALL IN THE STREET. I Ernest Watte (16), Victoria Street, Ponty- cymmer; David Morgan (16) and Amos Wood (15),, of Prospect Place; Llew. Harries (16), Mount Pleasant; Rees Coles (15), Garreg Road, Pontycymmer; and Daniel Harris (15), The Avenue, Pontycymmer, were all fined 2s. 6d. each for having played football in Pros- pect Place to the annoyance of passengers. William Webber (16), John Street, Prioe- town; William Vaulters (13), Owen Davies (14), Thomas John Turner (12), Selwyn Brown (12), all of Oakfield Terrace, Price- town, were dismissed with a caution for having played football on the public highway.
VAYAL OFFICER AND BOLDIEF. REFUSED TO TRAVEL IN SAME COM- PARTMENT. At Bridgend on Saturday, Bombardier Francis Ellis, Royal Field Artillery, was charged with having travelled on the Great Western Railway from Neath to Bridgend with intent to avoid payment of his fare, and further with having done damage to a carri- age window. W. H. Petty, platform inspector at Bridg- end Station, said that on the arrival of a train at Bridgend he received a complaint from Commander G. Gibbs, of H.M.S. Marion, who happened to be travelling in the train, that prisoner had been acting in a very disorderly manner in one of the compart- ments, and had smashed a window. Com- mander Gibbs asked that the prisoner should be ejected. Witness found that Kills had no ticket, and on getting him out of the train he became very violent. The Chairman: If we let you go, will you go back to your regiment. Defendant: I will proceed straight back to barracks, sir. I am a soldier and a man, and was in the Army seven years before war broke out. Defendant was allowed to go.
Up-to-Date Appliances for turning out I every class of work at competitive prices, at the "Glamorgan Gazette" Printing Works.
BRIDGEND AND COWBRIDGE BOARD OF GUARDIANS. COLONEL NiCHOLL RE-ELECTED I CHAIRMAN. APPOINTMENT OF COMMITTEES. I The annual meeting of the Bridgend and Cowbridge Board of Guardians was held on Saturday. Mr. J.-P. Gibbon was elected to the chair pro tem. I APPOINTMENT OF CHAIRMAN. u- I .1. I ir m T T 1 1 I On the proposition or ivir. 1. o. juo, jxi I J. I. D. Nicholl was unanimously elected to I the cha.ir for the ensuing year. Colonel Nicholl, on taking the chair, was greeted with applause. In response, he said it was a great pleasure to him to be there, and he thanked them all from the bottom of his heart for having elected him as Chair- man. because they had done so under more difficult circumstances than before. He had been absent from the Board for nearly eight months, and he must say he was sorry, under the circumstances that he had to come back. He was therefore bound to warn them that at the first opportunity he could get a posi- tion, he would be going away again. So long as he could not get away he would most certainly devote all the time he oould to the work of the Board. (Applause.) I VICE-CHAIRMEN. I Mr. T. J. Job was elected vice-chairman, I and Mr. D. H. Price second vice-chairman. I COMMITTEES. I The Committees elected were :— Assessment Committee.—Cow bridge Dis- trict: Messrs. Edward John, D. Thomas, and Henry Mordecai. Ogmore District Messrs. T. W. Job, T. C. Jones, and J. Cannift. Bridgend District: Col. J. 1. D. Nicholl, Messrs. Michael Davies. and Griffith Edwards. Maesteg: Messrs. John Edwards, J. P. Gibbon, J.P., and John Watts. Cottage Homes Committee.—Cowbridge: Messrs. Henry Mordecai, D. J. Thomas, Dd. Davies, Colonel Prichard, Messrs. D. Thomas and T. Thomas. Ogmore: Mr. W. J. Price, Mrs. Evans, Rev. M. Thomas, Messrs. Ed. Cox, Thos. Morgan, and George Jeanes. Bridgend: Miss Cole, Mrs. Williams, Mrs. Davies. Mr. Rees John, Mr. W. A. Howell, and Rev. T. Davies. Maesteg: Mrs. Howell, Miss Jor 3, Mr. H. G. Lake, Rev. Rees Davies, -ssrs. T. Rees and T. E. Hopkins. Da- i es, Building and Works Committee (i mem- bers): Mr. Michael Davies, Rev. D. Phillips, Mr. T. Rees, Colonel J. I. D. Nicholl, Mr. Edward John, Mr. Rees John, and Mr. T. Davies. General Purposes Committee :-Cowbridge: Rev. D. Richards, Mr. John Williams, Col. Prichard, Messrs. H. Mordecai and Thomas Thomas. Ogmore District: Messrs. H. Thomas, T. C. Jones, J. Canniff, T. W. Job, Edward Edwards, Howell Williams. Bridg- end: Messrs. Michael Davies, D. 'J. Rees, T. Davies, D. H. Price, Griffith Edwards, and Miss Cole. Maesteg: Mrs. Howell, Messrs. Gomer Davies, G. Watts, T. E. Hopkins, and Miss Jones and Mr. T. Butler. Contracts Committee:—Cowbridge: Rev. D. Richards, Messrs. J. Lane, Lewis Jenkins, D. J. Thomas, and David Richards. Ogmore District: Messrs. J. Emanuel, J. Hodgson, Howell Williams, Samuel Evans, Mrs. Evans, and Mr. Thomas Morgan. Bridgend Dis- trict Mr. David Thomas, Miss Cole, Mrs. Williams, Mrs. Davies, Messrs. Thos. Wood and D. J. Rees. Maesteg: Mr. J. Watts, Mrs. Howell, Mr. John Edwards, Rev. W. R. Bowen, Mr. H. 1. Golledge, and Rev. Rees Davies. Workhouse Alterations Committee:—Maes- teg: Messrs. T. E. Hopkins, H. G. Lake, Gomer Davies, John Watts, J. Edwards, and J. P. Gibbon. Bridgend: Messrs. Michael Davies, J. T. Salathiel, Thomas Davies, Mor- gan Stradling, D. H. Price, and Jenkin Jones. Cowbridge: Messrs. Lewis Jenkins, John Williams, Edward John, Colonel Pri- chard and Messrs. David Thomas and D. L. Thomas. Ogmore: Rev. W. Reynolds, Messrs. J. Canniff, T. C. Jones, T. W. Job, T. J. Job, and G. Jeanes. House Committee, Finance Committee, Relief Committee, and Revision Committee: To consist of the whole Board. Asylum Visiting Committee :-Midsummer Quarter: Messrs. Henry Mordecai, B. Powell, J. Evans, and Gomer Davies. Michaelmas Quarter: Mr. J. Lane, Mrs. Evans, Mr. T. Davies, and Mr. J. P. Gibbon. Christmas Quarter: Messrs. D. Thomas (Llambad), E. Cox, W. A. Howell, and J. Edwards. Lady Day: Messrs. David Davies, J. Prescott, Jen- kin Jones, and Rev. Rees Davies Boarding Out Committee :-Cowbridge Col. Prichard, Messrs. David Thomas, David Richards, H. Mordecai, John Lane, and D. Davies. Ogmore: Mrs. Evans, Messrs. T. Prescott, Samuel Evans, T. J. Job, J. Hodg- son, and J. Thomas. Bridgend: Mr. David Jones, Miss Cole, Mrs. Williams, Mrs. and Mr. Michael Davies, and Rev. D. Phillips. Maesteg: Miss Jones, Mrs. Howell, Mr. J. Watts, Mr. T. E. Hopkin, Mr. J. Edwards, and Mr. Francis Cox. Co-opted Ladies: Mrs. O'Regan (Brynmenin), Mrs. Davies (Maesteg), Mrs. Llewellyn (Ogmore), and Mrs Evans (Kenfig Hill).
BRIDGEND GIRL'S BICYCLE. I TEMPTS A COLLIER BOY. f At Bridgend Police Court on Monday, Evans Llewellyn (14), a collier boy, of Bridg- end was charged with having stolen a lady's bicycle, valued at 10s., the property of Muriel Davies, from 28 Coychurch Road, Bridgend, on the 17th April. Muriel Davies, a schoolgirl, gave evidence that she saw the bicycle at the side of the shed at the bottom of the garden at her home, 28 Coychurch Road, about dinner time on the day in question. Horace Davies, her younger brother, said he was playing with the bicycle in the morn- ing, and about dinner time put it beside the shed. He went out for a walk in the after- noon, and when he came back he went to see if the shed was locked and the garden gate was shut. He missed the bicycle. P.C. 290 said from information he had re- ceived he arrested the defendant at his home about 8 p.m. on Saturday. He took him to the station, and charged him with the offence. He replied, I found the bicycle by the wall in the lane at the back." Witness recovered the bicycle at another boy's home. The boy, in evidence, said he saw the bi- cycle at the back of a house, and. did not know whose it was, so he took it. He was fined 5s.
The Germans as Chemists ,Htive. introduced some remarkable synthetic medicines, but in pharmacy England is not be- hind hand. Amongst British remedies none surpass Kernick's Vegetable Pills Miraculous qualities are not claimed for them, but sufferers from Wind, Dyspepsia, Liver Troubles, Bad Skin, etc., will find them invalu- able. Ask for Kernick's Vegetable Pills, and see that you get them. Sold in í!ù., 131.d,, and 2i. 9d. boxes of any Chemist, Boots, etc. 5021 X
WEDDING IK AUSTRALIA. I THE BRIDE AND BRIDEGROOM. The wedding took place at St. John's Church, Perth, Western Australia, of Frederick Bowden, son of Mr. and Mrs. Bowden, Crewkerne, Som., to Miss Ann Roberts, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. E. Roberts, South Street, Oldcastle, Bridgend. The bride, who was given away by Mr. C. Bowden, brother of the bridegroom, was tastefully attired in a gown of pale blue satin, draped over with rich lace, and she wore a veil with wreath of orange blossoms, and carried a shower bouquet of choice flowers. She also wore a diamond ring, the gift of the bridegroom. She was attended by two bridesmaids, who wore dainty white silk dresses with hats to match.
ANXIOUS TO MEET GERMANS. j BRIDGEND SAILOR'S LETTER. We have received the following letter from First-Class Stoker W. G. Jones, who is serv- ing on H.M.S. Newcastle, and who resided at Cheltenham Terrace, Bridgend, before he joined the Navy:— Dear Sir.-Here's another Bridgendite come for a chat. Have just received a copy of the "Gazette" for the first time since war started, and am very pleased to learn that Bridgend has helped to keep up the traditions of the Welsh nation. I knew the boys would not be found wanting in the hour of need. I have only just learned, through the columns of your paper, of Alfred Lulard, A.B., going down on the "Good Hope." We were on this coast at the time, but north about 6,000 miles. We received the news by wireless, but the ship's company could not believe it until the following day, when it was confirmed. On November 9th, we received orders to pro- ceed south in company with a Japanese cruiser. About the 22nd of November we picked up three more of the Japanese Fleet outside Bartholomew Bay, California, and on November 19th, we were joined by the Aus- tralian cruiser Dreadnought "Australia." This squadron was considered to be of ample strength for the German Fleet, but our luck was out, for we received news of the action off the Falklands when about 500 miles north of Valparaiso, Chili. We were awfully disap- pointed, but glad that the deaths of the 1,400 heroes of the "Good Hope" and "Monmouth" had been avenged. A few days later we sep- arated, our ship going south in search of the Dresden. Altogether we spent about eight weeks looking for the German. After re- ceiving fresh orders by wireless, we turned north again, and had only been in harbour two days when news came through that the Dresden had been accounted for by the Glasgow (lucky Glasgow). We have steamed about 45,000 miles since war started, -and cap- tured two cargoes of coal intended for the German Fleet. We ar-o expecting fresh or- ders every day now, and are all hoping it will be the North Sea for us, as we are all anxious to come to grips with something which sounds like German. If we do there will be some- thing doing, as our ship was the crack gun- nery ship of the China station. Now for a bit of news about how we keep fit while at sea. One day, while the men off watch were enjoying a stand easy—smoking, reading, and writing letters, etc., quite unexpectedly the bugle sounded Off general quarter stations and clear ship for battle." Every man jumped up as if electrified, and in four minutes we were all at our posts with ammu- nition ready and guns trained ready for ac- tion four minutes may seem a long time to an outsider, but when one realises what has to be done in that time, then it seems mar- vellously short. Deadlights to be closed, mess deck cleared and flooded with 3in. water, kit bags and hammocks stacked in various parts to help protect vital parts of the ship, fire hose rigged and all spare gear on the upper deck stored away in the four minutes, goes to show how efficient our boys in blue are. Ready, aye ready," is our watch- word. I resided in Bridgend for quite a number of years, my last residence being Cheltenham Terrace. My father was the late George Jones, well known in Bridgend. He was employed for quite a number of years by Messrs. Sheppard and Sons, Newtown Works. I will close, hoping that every available able- bodied young man in Bridgend will rally round the dear old flag. Who wouldn't fight for it ? P.S. I joined the Canadian Pacific Sub- marine Fleet before war started, took a course of instruction for engineers' rating, afterwards volunteering for service in the ¡ Imperial Navy. I
Writing to Miss Woodforde, of Weymouth, an officer in the Ambulance Corps says that the mouth organs sent out have given much pleasure. "Our mouth-organ band is love-I ly," he writes. "I am sending the men to a I Church service in a house three miles away this afternoon, and the only instrument to I start the hymns will be a mouth-organ."
The most delicious I Rhubarb Fool is made I this way I r———— I RETTBARB POOL. 14-Iba Rhubarb i-lb. Sugar. X, 1 pii.t BIRO'S Custard. yss METHOD-—Stew the rhu\>arb until tender with thesugarand «xie tablespoontui o(wt"" Rub thro\l a siev« or through linen sfr*«tch<fl or-r a Uiaui. Prepare I pint ai <jjjJ?? B)Rtys ^rel. and white ￼ -U?<x. ?t? S B, RTYS -d hil-* !itill ht, ?t. S. when ?.iL I Rhubarb Fool is a delightful change t from Stewed Rhubarb or Rhubarb Pie t and BIRD'S Custard, and with this recipe you can make it to perfection. 1fJrU the NutritiousCustard B is just sweet enough to take the edge ■ I off the Rhubarb-just creamy enough H I to linger round the palate just B I "delicious enough for anything." 3 ."c Eoncn, ar d Jar.;a Ting* if c I
SOUTH GLAMORGAN LIBERALS I ANNUAL MEETING. I CANDIDATE WITH THE COLOURS. I On Saturday, the South Glamorgan Liberal Five Hundred held its annual meeting at Cardiff. A large attendance of delegates from all parts of the division included Mr. Samuel Thomas, J.P., Penarth, the president; Mr. W. Jones-Thomas, J.P., Barry, hon. treasurer; Mr. Llewelyn Davies, secretary; Messrs. John Lowden, J.P., Barry; W. Powell, J.P., Bridgend; Humphrey Wallis, J.P., Dinas Powis; Stephen Evans, J.P., and Wm. Evans, J.P., E. Walton Barry; D. J. Rees, Porthcawl; E. H. Clothier, Dinas Powis; J. O. Davies, Barry; Tom John, M.A., Penygraig; George Davies, Eli Rees, Ed- mund Lewis, Whitchurch; and Dapho L. Powell, Bridgend. Reports of a highly satisfactory character were presented by both the secretary and hon. treasurer, the former referring to the good work at present being done by means of a recruiting campaign organised jointly by both Conservative and Liberals in various parts of the division. The President alluded to the fact that their candidate (the Hon. Roland Philipps) had joined the 9th Service Battalion Royal Fusi- liers, and that two members of the Executive Committee (Messrs. Dudley T. Howe, Barry, and Tom Evans, Cymmer) had also joined the colours. A resolution was approved congra- tulating those gentlemen and wishing them a safe return. Resolutions were cordially endorsed urging action by the Government in further restrict- ing the drink traffic and calling upon them to see that the Welsh Church Act was not de- cayed in its operation. Mr. Samuel Thomas, J.P., was re-elected president, and the other officers were also re- j elected, the same gentlemen being again 00- opted as members of the Executive and as vice-presidents. I PRESENTATION TO PRESIDENT. At the close of the meeting a presentation was made to the president of a silver salver, in recognition of the able manner in I which he had occupied the position for the past four years and as a token of the esteem and regard of Liberals throughout the divi- Sion. Mr. W. Jones-Thomas, J.P., Barry, made the presentation, and in felicitous terms re- ferred to the active interest in Liberalism displayed by Mr. Samuel Thomas for over 40 years. During his term of office they had passed through critical times, and difficult situations had been met and satisfactorily overcome, thanks to the guidance of the pre- sident. Speeches were also delivered by Mr William Powell, J.P., Bridgend; Mr. Edmund Lewis, Whitchurch; Mr. George Pile, Penarth; Mr. Phillips, Pwllgwaun; Mr. Clement and Mr. J. T. Rees, Porthcawl; Mr. Tom John, M.A., Mr. George Davies, Whitchurch; Mr. H. Read, Cardiff; Mr. Humphrey Wallis, J.P., Dinas Powis; Mr. Llewellyn Davies, and others, who eulogised the recipient and wished him long life and happiness. Mr. Thomas, acknowledging the gift, said he was proud to have it because of the feel- ings which prompted it. It was as unde- served as it was unexpected. As a genuine gift from their hearts he accepted it, and would cherish it because it came from true- hearted Liberals. If there was any cause to which he felt proud to belong it was that of Liberalism, for by its means he felt that pp was able to do a little good in the world. It was the cause of humanity and the cause of freedom and equality; of fair play for every- one. He also cherished the amount of real, genuine friendship he had experienced amongst them in trying to uphold the prin- ciples which they all held so dear.
MADAME HUGHES-THOMAS SUED BY THREE LADY MEMBERS OF CHOIR. There seems to have been a rift in the lute when the Royal Welsh Ladies' Choir (conduc- ted by Madame Hughes Thomas) reached Detroit. Three of the girls—Miss Dorothie Smith, Miss Peggy Herbert, and Miss Esther Wilkins—sued the conductress "for back salaries," as the "Detroit News" puts it. Miss Smith was awarded £ 45, and Miss Her- bert and Miss Wilkins £ 35 each. The three are now touring with Miss Ada Cosgrove, the Canadian humorist and entertainer, through the Eastern States, and expect to reach the Panama Exposition before it closes.
BROGDEN HOTEL, I PORTHCAWL. Seven Days Licence. Free House. ) Noted for all Ales of the Best Quality. All Blends of Spirits always in Stock. I MR. W. W. ASTON, Late of Garw Valley, begs to announce that he has taken over the above Hotel under his personal supervision. CATERING A SPECIALITY IN ALL ITS BRANCHES. Good Stabling and Cycling Accommodation. ORDERS PROMPTLY ATTENDEp TO. » <
Gathered Comments ON THE WAR. Our Lack of Imagination. I Whatever may be said as to our short- comings in realising the present situation," says Mr. Chiozza Money, "there can be no question that war is better realised than the conditions of peace. Lack of imagination is our chief difficulty in all matters of reform. We are spending £1,000,000,000 on the war because we needs must do it. If we had been asked to put up a similar sum within a similar period: to give us a national power system, to establish and co-ordinate a national transport system by land and water, to establish new industries and to regenerate old ones, and to eradicate every slum in the country, we should have been laughed at for our pains. I I wonder if the war will teach us anything in that direction." No Bread. We reach the following conclusion," says M. Thery, the managing director of the "Economiste European," "namely, that be- fore June 15 next Austria will give in, since by that time her population will have no more bread to eat, and Germany is not likely to give them any." The Young Turks de- mand the despatch of a German army of 300,000 across the Danube for the purpose of punishing Serbia and intimidating Bulgaria, in order to open a road for the despatch of munitions of war to Constantinople. In case of refusal the Young Turks threaten to make a separate peace with the Entente Powers. It seems improbable that Germany will be in a position to comply with the demand," says the Sophia correspondent of the "Times." I What is Achieved Counts. News reached Hawarden on Sunday of how Lieutenant W. G. C. Gladstone was killed. The First Battalion Royal Welsh Fusiliers went into the trenches on Sunday, the 11th, And on the following Tuesday, Lieutenant Gladstone was on the parapet of the trench endeavouring to locate a sniper when he was shot in the forehead. The Rector of Hawarden in his sermon on Sunday morning spoke of Mr. Gladstone's ex- traordinary dutifulness and courage, and said he wrote from the trench to his mother:— Really you will be wrong if you regret my going, for I am very glad and proud to have got to the front. It is not the length of ex- istence that counts, but what is achieved during that existence, however, short." Impossible Under Germany! I I -1 I,- A writer in the Jrankrurter Zeitung, says:—" It shall be proved that the cause of humanity, truth, and justice could not be placed in better hands than those of the Ger- man nation. Why do we say this? For the simple reason that no other people, notwith- standing all the confidence it may have in it- self, notwithstanding the strength of its na- tional instinct, thinks as universally, as justly, and as humanely as the German. This world is at present in the throes of a malignant disease which threatens its disin- tegration. From that fate nothing can save it but final and decisive German victory. That alone will bring the permanent cure of aU its ills, for under the German rule of equity the existence of national disease and corruption will be made impossible." I The Pope and France. I Very painful questions are being asked by Roman Catholics in the countries of the Allies about the Vatican," says the "British Weekly." The last Pope was a firm sup- porter of the Allies. It is being taken for grant-ed that the present Pope has been cap- tured by the Austrians and Germans. What will be the result? Men who have a right to speak say that the Roman Catholic Church might at this time have recaptured France. But what has France to say to a Church whose heads have forsaken her ? What is Bel- gium to say to a Pope that has not even ven- tured to remonstrate on the treatment of Cardinal Mercier? For the Pope's letter was no real remonstrance, nor has it been taken as such in Belgium. What are the Russian Poles to say, who are Roman Catholics even to a man?" I The Dardanelles. j In the "New Statesman" an article entitled "What has happened in the Dardanelles" contends that as the possibility of success de- pends on the co-operation of an adequate land force, and that as no adequate land force did, in fact, co-operate in the operations of last month, the ships failed, as they were bound to do. After pointing out that nothing was done by land operations to prevent the rein- forcing of the Gallipoli Peninsula, the writer proceeds:—On March 18th the Allied com- manders resolved to attempt a coup de main. Their fleet entered the straits, and failed dis- astrously. Not only were three battleships sunk by mines, but the Italian Press, which appears to be on the whole, trustworthy, sug- gested that very great damage was inflicted on many other vessels by gunfire. The strongest corroboration of this is the sequel. The allied commanders held a council of war, and decided to keep their fleet in the neigh- bourhood. A formal abandonment of the at- tack would have had too serious a moral effect throughout the impressionable East. But, in fact, save for mine-sweeping and a little re- connoitring, nothing more appears to have been attempted from that day to this. How and why was this quasi-inevitable failure courted ard incurred ? The explanation seems, to lurk in the sudden reversal of Greek policy following the downfall of M. Venizelos. M. Venizelos had made arrangements for Greece I to co-operate with the allies. They were to have the aid of a division of Greek troops, and (still more important) could use all the Greek islands and harbours as bases. Relying on this, they started their operation, and then at the critical moment the Greek Premier was unable to carry out his part of the bargain. King Constantino and his German Queen and Germanophile effioers dealt the allies one of the shrewdest blows possible. Having begun their attack they had to go on, though they had, as the event showed, little chance of success. Moreover, their difficulties increased. They had occupied Lemnos as a base for troops, with M. Venizelos's tacit or express consent. They have now had to abandon it. The despatch of the French Expeditionary Foroo to Alexandria shows how much this has embarrassed the allies. They need now a very large army to overcome the German- Turkish position. The total force which was originally arranged for seems to have been about 100,000 men (20,000 Greeks and the rest French, British, Australian and Indian). It could have used Lemnos, Mitylene and Salonika as bafes, so that its accommodation, supply, and handling presented no difficulties. Now men on the spot talk of 250,000 troops being necessary. Even if this large force can be collected, where can the men be put? Im- bros and Tenedos, the only islands which are Turkish and can be used by the allies, are small, timberless, almost wasteless, and with little accommodation. The bases to which Ihe allies must apparently be reduced are Alexandria and Cyprus, which are about equidistant from the Dardanelles, and each over two days' steaming for transports. The handicap imposed by these facts is obvious. I Archbishops and the Drink. I The Archbishops of Canterbury and York, Cardinal Bourne, and the President of the Free Church Coucil have issued a joint mani- festo urging abstinence during the war. Its text is as follows:—In view of all that is now happening, and following the unprecedented lead of his Majesty the King, we desire to press ,seriously upon the minds of those whom we can influence the duty and privilege of bearing voluntary part in the nation's self- discipline and self-sacrifice by abstaining from all alcoholic drink during the continuance of the war. Some definite act on the part of us all is due to our brave men, to the nation at large, and to God. A Liar 1 I Lord Rosebery took part in several public functions in Edinburgh in connection with the Rosebery Bantam Battalions raised by the city, in which his lordship has taken a keen interest. Speaking at a luncheon given in his honour, Lord Rosebery said there was a time when the War Office were sup- posed to have frowned on bantam battalions, but he had received a letter from Lord Kit- chener in which the War Minister said:— Anyone who tells you that I am opposed to bantams is a liar." "Nothing more concise in the renunciation of a heresy," said Lord Rosebery, "could be made." Referring to the need for men, Lord Rosebery said that the constant pressure from east to west by the allies, which cost many gallant lives for small advances, was not likely to end in a short time, and must devour numberless ranks of their gallant oountmnen. I The Tide Has Turned. The tide in numbers has already turned fully upon the west. It is not far from turning upon the east." This—says Mr. Hilaire Belloc in the current "LLà and Water"—is the explanation of the whok; bcua- ation during the last fortnight (i.e., the French successes at St. Mihiel wedge and the Russian advance in the Carpathians). The immense German and Austrian wastage has brought about a turn of affairs in our favour earlier than the best judgment had thought possible. Mr. Belloc's remarks upon the St. Mihiel wedge fighting emphasise a point ig- nored by those who think in the expression "nibbles" and are opposed by the smallness of the territorial gains. The French objec- tive, he points out, is to compel the enemy to withdraw from St. Mihiel and to straighten his line. But neither nt NTeuve Chapelle, nor in the Champagne, nor here in the Woevre, was the end in view a mere ad- vance, whether of one mile, or twenty. The end in view was the wearing down of the ene- mies' numbers and the fretting of that long line of his until it should be too thin to lose. Dauntless People. Mr. Henry James, the novelist, in an in- terview with the "New York Times," says:— "Personally I feel so strongly on everything that the war has brought into question for the Anglo-Saxon peoples that humorous de- tachment or any other thinness or tepidity of mind on the subject affects me as vulgar impiety, not to say as rank blasphemy; our whole race tension became for me a sublimely conscious thing from the moment Germany flung at us all her explanation of her pounce upon Belgium for massacre and ravage in the form of the most insolent, 'Because I choose to damn you all!' recorded in history. The pretension to smashing world rule by a single people, in virtue of a monopoly of every title, every gift, and every right, ought per- haps, to confound us more by its grotesque- ness than to alarm us by its energy; but never do cherished possessions, whether of the haaid or of the spirit, become so dear to us as when overshadowed by vociferous aggres- sion," continued Mr. James. "How can one help seeing that such aggression, if hideously successful in Europe, would, with as little loss of time as possible, proceed to apply itself to the American side of the world, and how can one, therefore, not feel that the Allies are fighting to the death for the soul and the purpose and the future that are in us, for the defence of every ideal that has most guided our growth and that most assures our unity? Of course, since you ask me, my many years of exhibited attachment to the conditions of French and of English life, with whatever fond play of reflection and reaction may have been involved in it. make it inevitable that these countries should peculiarly appeal to me at the hour of their peril, their need, and their heroism, and I am glad to declare that, though I had supposed I knew what the ce- tachment was, I find I have any numbe.. of things more to learn about it. English life, wound up to the heroic pitch, is at present most immediately before me, and I can scar- cely tell you what a privilege I feel it to share the inspiration and see further revealed the character of this decent and dauntless people." They Will Not See All Come Home. I Professor J. Arthur Thomson, of Aberdeen University,, devoted his Galton lecture to the problems of Eugenics and the War. "What Darwin said of even ancient times is true to- day The bravest men, who were always wil- ling to come to the front in war, and who freely risk their lives for others, would on an average perish in larger numbers than other men.' In the making of our armies there is a process of discriminate selection which works in the wrong way from the eugenic point of view. The call of their country at- tracts a larger proportion of the more chival- rous, the more virile, the more courageous. In the patriotic response not only in this country, but throughout the Empire, we are proud to recognise a multitude of men of a character that is precious. We have to face the fact, of which we are socially proud, that Britain is sending to the battlefields large numbers of the best of her sons, whose early death would mean an impoverishment of the race. They will not all come home. Already one knows of many irreparable losses in fine families. It is said that there are in Britain about 6,250,000 men between 18 and 45, 13.8 of the total population; if we have, as may be necessary, an army of three mil- lions, that would mean almost every second man between 18 and 45. Even if it were every second man by lot, the thinning might mean only a terrible mortality, but if the fitter join the army in large numbers and are thinned in larger proportions, war must be regarded as a dysgenic eliminator. If the war is sifting out from the possible parent- stock of the future a larger proportion of those who are relatively more fit from an evolutionary or eugenic point of view, what is possible in the way of counteraction ? Among the re-valuations after the war may we not expect some change of public sentiment in re- gard to eugenic ideals, some more marked disapproval of selfish forms of celibacy, some more cordial encouragement of those desirable people who marry chivalrously while it is still Springtime with them, without waiting till the bridegroom has secured twice the income his father had? There is patriotism in dying for our country; there is a conceivable pat- riotism in marrying for her and in bearing children for her."
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I VALE NOTES. (By PELA-GIUS.) ¡ I It, IV, Ar IN, Ir Ir I I Notwithstanding the good-natured banter of "Ve lox," the new Agricultural Co-opera- tve movement is making good progress, for on Monday, at the weekly meeting of its mem- bers, we find that the secretary, Mr. Glyn Morgan, booked orders for over E140 worth of seed, cake and manures. 0 0 & This is the last year of office of the present Parish Council, and we fear the attendance of some of the members will not be pleasant reading for their supporters. Nor will it be a recommendation for re-election. • mm An amusing bungle took place at Llantwit Maior through contradictory orders of the Divisional Officers of the Coastguard and the commanders of the Cyclist Battalion on coast duty. • • • A civilian body of coastguards has been formed to assist the regular men in patrol I work, and very proud they were of the hon- our of keeping the shore clear of German invaders. All went as merry as a marriage bell until one night, while patrolling the beach they were met by the Cyclist patrol, who had not received information of the for- mation of this new force. 0 9 o The Cyclists, who were armed, at once did their duty, and proceeded to arrest the doubt- ful night patrol. For a time things looked ¡ black, but the civilians being unarmed sur- rendered discreetly, and were marched off to spend a night in the guard room, awaiting the orders of a superior officer before they again became free.
• ■- LLANTWIT HI JOR GIRL'S BABY DEFENDANT SHOUTS OUT IN COURT. At Cowbridge Police Court on Tuesday, Elizabeth A. Thomas, of Llantwit Major, summoned Alfred Petty to show cause, etc. The complainant, a prepossessing young girl of 22 years of age, interrogated by Mr. Jackson, solicitor, of Barry, who appeared on her behalf, stated that she had been keeping company with defendant for about five years. Intimacy first took place in January, 1914, and continued over February. They continued to keep company up to Whitsun. The child was born in October. Asked who was the father of the child, complainant re- plied, "Alfred Petty." Defendant then startled the Court by shouting, "You are a liar," but was quickly called to order. At this stage, a letter was put in, written by defendant after the summons had been served. After pointing out the possibility of "someone having to pay a pretty penny for this," followed by a few mild threats, the let- ter concluded by suggesting a meeting be- tween them at which they could try to settle matters. Defendant was afterwards sworn, and de- nied on oath that he was the father of the child. The Magistrates retired to consider their decision. Upon returning into Court, the Chairman announced that they had very carefully considered the case, and had ad- judged the defendant to be the father of the child. He would have to pay 3s. 6d. a week till the child was 14, and pay the costs, which included the doctor's, the nurse's and the advocate's fees.
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COWBRIDGE POLICE COURT. 0- Tuesday.-Before: Mr. C. Acland Allen (in the chair) and Alderman W. A. James (Mayor.). EDUCATIONAL. m1 Ill-e ioiiowing school cases were disposed of: -William Morgan, Welsh St. Donate, fined 2s. 6d.; William Davies, Cowbridge, fined 5s. j Jos. Williams, Llanharry, fined 5s. SUNDAY DRINKING. u-e.orge llowells and ueorge Payne were discovered by Sergt. Lee drinking in the Gro- now Arms, Llanharry, on Sunday, April 11th. They each gave an address at Tonyrefail, but the officer subsequently proved these addresses to be false. Payne, it appears, hailed from Cymmer, and Howells from Coed Ely. They were each fined L2, or in default 14 days. ALLEGED ASSAULT AT BOVERTON. Morgan J. Morgan, of Boverton, sum- moned; H. Hughes, of the same place, for as- sault. Mr. V. S. Gwyn, Cowbridge, appeared for Morgan. There was also a oross-summons. So conflicting was the evidence, and so varied the charges put forth by the parties against each other without any material cor- roboration, that the magistrates, after a lengthy hearing, decided to dismiss both sum- monses, each to pay his own costs.
BEN EVANS AND CO. (LIMITED). Presiding at the annual meeting of Messrs. Ben Evans and Co. (Limited), Swansea, Mr. James Jackson, J.P., chairman of directors, alluded to the magnitude and deadliness of the present fighting as having never been ap- proached in previous history, yet they found thoughtless people going about saying, "Busi- ness as usual." It was false. Nothing was as usual, and the whole outlook and perspec- tive of life had been changed. Up to the outbreak of war steady improvement had f been made on the figures for the correspond- ing period of the previous year in that busi- ness, and even under the altered conditions the ordinary business was maintained. Their resourceful manager (Mr. Lewis), in face of keen competition, secured some Government contracts, which, being carried out in ap- proved Ben Evans" fashion, led to further successes in that direction, so that the volume of sales exceeded that of any previous year. At the same time he bad again reduced gross profits, so that customers were buying cheaper than ever. The profit for the year- E17,784-was £ 1,605 in excess of last year, whilst the debits were practically the same. The net profit was £8,165 11s. lOd. A higher dividend might have been paid, but they pur- sued a conservative policy, believing these were no times to raise dividends. Speaking of the trade outlook, Mr. Jackson said there had been a steady improvement, particularly in the last few months, from the low-water mark of last August and September, and the returns of the harbopr trust, a reliablo, bar- ometer, marked "Fair," with a rising ten- dency. He did not believe the attempts of America to capture the Welsh tin-plate trade would be successful, as when the war was over the genius of the Welsh tin-plate makers would re-assert itself. Upwards of forty of the firm's employees were serving with the colours, and half-pay was being given to all married ffieft, Mr. Gery seconded the report, and it was adopted. Mr. Gery was re-elected a director, and the auditors (Messrs. P. Mason and Co.) were re-appointed. Warrants for the dividend on the ordi- nary shares have been posted.
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