Saturday, Nove'.v.l>!>r 14th.—Before: Ald. W. Llewellyn (chairman), Messrs. W. J. Lewis, T. Davies, T. Lucas, Gomer Davies, W. J. Lewis, M. Stradling, W. Powell and Aid. John Thomas. THOU GUTLESS ACT. W m. Thcs. Simmonds, ostler, Greenhill. Pontycymmer, was summoned for having stolen coal value 6d., the. property of the Ffaklau Colliery Co. P.S. n, deposed to seeing defendant on the pit top with a bag of coal. He stopped him and defendant said, "Don't take any notice of it this time." Witness told him he would repcrt him and defendant then said "AU right, ycu a,ru, doing your duty, and I *= doing wrong. Defe&dant admitted talking the coal and ex- plained that he took one piece only, which he thought would last him over the week- end. The Chairman: You have a feood character and we do not want to deal harshly with you. You will be bound over to be of good behaviour. PONTYCYMMER WOMEN. I Jessie Austin, married woman, Bridgend Road, Pontycymmer, summoned Alice Clark, Bridgend Road, Pontycymmer, for assault. Complainant asked for the case to be ad- journal to enable her to subpoena) witnesses. —Granted. SHOPS ACT. I Henry Laviers, draper, Commercial St., Maes teg, was summoned for having commit- ted a breach of the Shops Act. G. F. Williams, shops inspector, said he saw a boy employoo by defendant delivering goods at 9.45 p.m., after the hours allowed I by the Shops Act.-Fin 10s. ADJOURNED. I Margaret Alice Thomas, Herbert Street, Coity Fields, Bridgend, summoned George Williams, Suffolk St., Bridgend, to show cause, etc. Mr. D. Llewellyn, who appeared for com- plainant, applied for an adjournment for a week.-Granted. > BLAENCAERAU SUMMONS DISMISSED. I Mary Dillon, widow, Wyndham St.. Blaen- I caerau, summoned Thomas Clark, haulier, Wyndham St., Blaencaerau, fcr alleged as- sault. I The case was dismissed. DRUNK AND DISORDERLY. I The following were fined 15s. for having been drunk and disorderly: Thomas Tatchell, collier, Brynoethin; Sarah Clarke, Caerau; Albert King, collier, Blaengarw; Catherine I Henshaw, of Caerau, was fined. 20s. for a like offence. Griffith Bo wen, collier, of I Waun Street, Blaengwynfi, was fined JE2 ajid costs for having been drunk and disorderly on November 7th. It was stated defendant had been fined the maximum amount on two pmlous occasions this year. BAD LANGUAGE. I Frederick Jenkins, collier, of Caerau, was fined 15s. for having used bad language, and the following were fined 153. for like offences: Robt. Euston, labourer, Kenfig Hill; Walter Williams, collier, Bryncethin; Sidney Baker, labourer, Aberkenfig; Frederick Dowding, oollier, Caerau; Daniel Maddocks, collier, Cawau; John Bowden, labourer, Portheawl; Thomas Mills, collier, Pontycymmer; Evan Williams, haulier, Cefn Cribbwr. NO LIGHT. William Richards, labourer, of Bridgend, was fined 10s. for having driven a carl. with- out a light at Bridgend Road, Aberkenfig. STRAYING COWS. Rd. Jenkins, farmer, of Porthcawl, was fitted 10s. for having allowed four cows to stray on the Esplanade. SUNDAY TRADING. Fortunate Careni, Maesteg, and Rose Stephens, Maesteg, were each fined 5s. for ganday trading. Poly Grimaldi, Maesteg; Fanny Exton, Maesteg; and Giovanni Ster- ling, Bridgend, were each fined 5s. and costs far similar offences. NO LICENSE. Edgar Williams, Keafig Hill, was summon. ed for having driven a motor cycle without 1 license at Commercial St.; and was ordered to pa.y lOa. SCHOOL ATTENDANCE CASES. I Leri Bowen, of Cefn Guus Road, Bridgend, I was fined 5s. for not sending his- child to school. The following were also fined similar 6mounts for like offences: —Morgan Howells, of Cefn. Hirgoed, Aberkenfig; Annie Tilling, Tramroad Row, Gilfach Goch; John Stone, Greenhill, Pontycymmer; Hannah Thomas, Victoria Street, Blaenga.rw; Jas. Westlake, Penybryn Street, Gilfach Goch; Wm. Lloyd, Park Street, ordered to at- tend Jane Evans, Pwllcarn Terrace, Biaengarw, ordered to attend; Fredk. John, Ffawyddog Farm, Pontyrhyl, ordered to at- tend; Fredk. Sines, Penybryn Street, Gilfach Goch, ordered to attend. NUISANCE. I Silas Williams, collier, of Caerau, and Ed- ward Davey, collier, of Ogmore Vale, were each fined 15s. for having committed a nuifr- mm.
Monday:—Before: Mr. D. H. Lloyd acd Mr. M. Stradling. UNREGISTERED ALMN. I Fi Joseph, a labourer, of Nantymoel, waa charged with being an unregistered alien. P.S. 487 said at the beginning of the month he saw defendant and aaked him if ho was an alien. He replied he was a Russian Pole. Witness asked him if he had register- ed at Bridgend and he admitted he had not but he had been registered at his pre- vious residence. When charged he replied he did not know he ought to have registered himself. Accused said he did not know any better. He had been in the country for 34 years. Fined 5s. and costs. ABSENTEES. I Archie Grey was charged with having been an absentee from the 8th Batt., Wesh Regt., stationed at Swindon, and was remanded to await the arrival of an escort. George Lewis was charged with having been an absentee from the 4th Batt. of the South Wales Borderers, and he too waa re- minded to await an escort.
I^HrARCHERS^l1B PUENRETUpS j? Facsimile of one-omm PMW. Archer's Golden Returns TJtø Pcrfcctiftn o* Pipe TobaCCG. Cc u '¡'£F.1" .n 'lIh'C"AJC'T.
BRIDGEND ANU BOARD OF GOARDIiHS. I EXTRA RELIEF AT CHRISTMAS. I I ABSENCE OF "CASUALS." I There was little business to transact of pub- lic interest other than that of a routine nature at the fortnightly meeting of the Bridgend and Cowbridge Guardians on Saturday, when I Mr. T. J. Job presided over a full attendance. 1 EXTRA CHRISTMAS RELIEF. I Tho Cardiff Guardians wrote that they had resolved to give their outdoor poor in Christ- mas week, except in such cases as the Relief Committee specially excluded, 2s.- for each bedridden adult, Is. for each other adult, and 6d. for each other dependent, a course which the Local Government Board had stated to be legal. It was their wish that the same extra relief should be given to their resident poor in Bridgend unless the Bridgend Board thought it desirable to give a lesser sum or nothing at all. Will your Board therefore be good enough to relieve our own resident poor on these lines in Christmas week?" they asked. A second letter asked that the Bridgend Guardians should authorise the granting of similar relief to their poor resident in the Cardiff district. The suggestions were agreed to. I THE HEATING QUESTION. Arising out of the appointment of a tem- porary night stoker, Mr. Gibbon said that lately the machinery had not been kept as it had been before, and they should consider the whole question. On one occasion there was no hot water at 10 o'clock in the morinng or at 6 o'clock at night, and he thought it waa a question which ought to be gone into thoroughly. The matter was referred to the General: Purposes Committee. I VAGRANTS IN THE COUNTY. The second report of the Glamorganshire, Monmouth, and Brecknockshire Vagrancy Committee was presented, in which it was re- ported that as the result of the two quarters' working of the scheme the number of va- grants in the casual wards had diminished from 16,775 to 14,404. It would appear as if the alms and objects of the scheme were be- ginning to be realised. Although the scheme had only been in operation six months, there appeared to be a marked decrease in the num- ber of vagrants in the combined Unions. There could be no doubt that if all the Boards of Guardians were in a position to strictly en- force the Act of 1882 and indiscriminate alms- giving was stopped, the professional vagrant would be kept out of the districts of the oom- bined Unions. THANKS. I A letter was read from the English Congro gational Church thanking the Guardians for a gift of two sacks of sticks and one of logs for the Belgium Refugees at Southerndown. ANOTHER TELEPHONE WANTED. I I An application was received from the As- sistant Clerk for an extra telephone to be placed in the Board-room. The only cost en- I tailed would be that of erection. The application was granted by 18 votes to 17. I MAINTENANCE. I Mr. J. Edwards suggested that a statement should be prepared of those who were contri- buting to the inmates' maintenance but who had now joined the colours. This was agreed to.
I ASK YOUR NEIGHBOUR. I I Hundreds of Bridgend People Can Tell You All About It. Home endorsement, the public expression of Bridgend people, should be evidence beyond dispute for every Bridgend reader. Surely the experience of friends and neighbours, cheerfully given by them, will carry more weight than the utterances of srangers resid- ing in far-away places. Read the following:- Mrs. 0. Duffett, of 104 Nolton Street, Bridgend, says:—"I have had occasion to use Doan's Backache Kidney Pills for symptoms of kidney disorder, on and off, for some few years now. "I must say I have always found them most effective. I am in the best of health, I am pleased to say, and I recommend Doan's Pills without any hesitation whatever. (Signed) O. Duffett." Kidney complaint occasions many ailments, for when the kidneys are clogged and faulty, urie acid and fluid waste are thrown back upon the system, causing rheumatism, stone. bladder inflammation, dropsy, sciatica, and obstinate pain and discomfort. Incurable disease may follow if treatment is neglected, but timely help is generally succees- ful. Doan's Backache Kidney Pills have saved thousands of men and women from uric acid poisoning and kidney disease, and even in ad- vanced stages have effected many cures. Price 2s. 9d. a box, 6 boxes 13s. 9d. of all dealers, or from Foster-McClellan Co., 8 Wells Street, Oxford Street, London, W. Don't ask for backache or kidney pills,—ask distinctly for Doans' Backache Kidney Pills, the same as Mrs. Duffett had.
"WE ARE FIGHTING FOR LIFE." .1 Mr. Sidney Low, writing in the "Daily I Chronicle," says:— "Bitter as is t,he conflict we are waging, one sees signs even now that there are many Britons who do not grasp the full significance of it. I am appalled at the lack of seriousness, one may almost say the levity, with which it is treated in some quar- ters. I read statements by eminent novelists and other guides of opinion in which we are earnestly warned against exaggeration and I sensationalism. We a.re admonished not to pretend that we are fighting for our lives. We may suffer grave inconvenience, but our existence is in no danger whether we win; or lose! Exaggeration is always to be avoided, but I venture to think that to call this war a fight for our existence is no exaggeration but the most sober and rigorous truh. If we fail we shall lose nearly everything that makes life worth living. I do not say that we shall all, as individuals, be deprived of our lives, because I take that even German vindactiveness will not go the length of slaughtering five and forty millions of human beings. But we have only to look scram to Belgium to see that the personal safety of a considerable number of Britons, not to say the sanctity of their homes and the honour of their women and children, will hang by a very slender thread if the fate of the Flemish kingdom should be ours. Everybody who has been in Germany recently, or has had oppor- tunities of examining German opinion, bears the same testimony. There is little animos- ity against Russia, and France a sort of con- temptuous pity; but for England there is to be no mercy, and sooner or later we are to be made to pay the penalty which the Teutonic fury is burning to exact from us. We are a niply forewarned; and if we do not employ the entire energies of the nation and the Empire to fight out the present quarrel to a completely successful conclusion, we shall only have ourselves to blame for the irrepar- able 3t1mity which will eventually v.=- Us.
COURT COLMAN HOUdE. I I PART 2. I I A Llewellyn Who Sailed With Collingwood, I I The Friend of Lord Nelson. I 1-1 (By Mr, T. í.1, PRICE, Late of BovÐrl.on). I Court Colman passed into the hands of the Llewellyn family about the year 1837. The purchaser was William Llewellyn, the grand- father of the late Mr. R. W. Llewellyn, J.P., and great-grandfather of Captain W. Herbert Clydvvvn Llewellyn, J.P., the present owner. The late Mr. William Llewellyn was the youngest son of Hopkin Llewellyn, of Brom- bil, Margam, and of Pentre, Rhondda Valley. Mr. William Llewellyn, who was a competent and qualified surgeon, was born in the year 1773. The following narrative is sufficiently curi- ous and interesting to be told. The story runs that when a small boy he was sent to a public school, and very soon after his arrival received a sound thrashing at the hands of the school bully a lad, who bore the name of Col- lingwood,-wbo is now famed in history as the intimate friend of Lord Nelson. Young Llewellyn took his severe thrashing quite courageously and manfully, and his plucky courage won the admiration of Collingwood, and from that time they became close com- panions and great friends. Eventually the older boy, Collingwood, left the school, tnd went to sea. Some years afterwards, when Mr. William Llewellyn had qualified as a sur- geon or doctor, his old schoolmate and friend, Collingwood, then a captain, wrote and asked him to become his shipi- surgeon. He ac- cepted the appointment which was offered him, and subsequently they saw many en- gagements together, both of them taking several prizes, and passed through many varied experiences, until Mr. Llewellyn was invalided home. Shortly before the great historic Battle of Trafalgar, October 21st, 1805, Collingwood again wrote to his old friend urging and imploring him, if suffi- ciently recovered, to rejoin his ship, but Mr. Llewellyn was unable to comply with this re- quest, and he never went to sea again. It is interesting to note that Collingwood's his- toric letter is still carefully preserved among the cherished possessions of the Llewellyn family. In the year 1818 William Llewellyn married the eldest daughter of Mr. Thomas Dumayne Place, of Glyn Leiros, Neath, and settled down or established their home in Glamorgan- shire. It was, however, late in the thirties that Court Colman was purchased by William Llewellyn, but, owing to the long litigation or law suit which ensued concerning the pro- perty, there was some considerable delay be- fore legal possession could be obtained, and in the year 1840 William Llewellyn passed away. His son and heir, William Llewellyn, who at that period was about 20 years of age, subsequently took up his residence at Court Colman House a year or two afterwards, and in 1844 married a Miss Knight, of Tythegston, and by her had a large family. In the year 1854 Mr. Wm. Llewellyn held the office of High Sheriff for the county of Glamorgan. He also played an active and prominent part in the formation of the Vol- unteer Force in Glamorganshire. He died in 1898, and was succeeded by his eldest son, the late Mr. R. W..Llewellyn, J.P., of Baglan Hall, near Port Talbot. RESTORATION AND RENOVATIONS OF I 1906 AND 1907. Very important in the history of Court Colman were the years 1906 and 1907, for during that period very considerable and ex- tensive alterations were carried out, greatly improving its residential qualities and out- lines. Previous to these alterations and re- storation the site now occupied by the east wing of the house and the conservatory were taken up by stables and out-buildings; while where the west wing is now erected was an old ruined building much out of repair, evidently a part of which was originally a portion of the old Tudor mansion ages ago. The greater part of the central portion of the present main front of the house existed prior to 1907, but the roof was then raised, and some addi-. tional windows were erected on the seoond storey, and the stables and old western wing of the house were demolished and additional wings were added at both the .eastern and western ends of the house, thus imparting to the main front the fine stately appearance which it has at the present time. During the alterations the old entrance porch was re- moved, and a new porch surmounted by a balustraded balcony was erected in its place. One interesting feature of this restoration was the erection of the old sundial over the front of the mansion, an old relic which had been lying unused for many years in one of the adjacent stables, and to the old inscrip- tion which it already bore, with the date 1766, Mr. R. W. Llewellyn very appropriately added a line indicating the date of the restor- ation and renovations, which were finally com- pleted in 1907. Most of the interior apartments of the house underwent very considerable changes and elaborate improvements, which will be re- ferred to presently. Since the death of Mr. R. W. Llewellyn, J.P., his widow, Mrs. Llewellyn, and other members of her family have resided at Baglan Hall, a picturesque mansion near Port Talbot. Court Colman is now the home of her eldest son, Captain W. Herbert Clydwyn Llewellyn, J.P., who at the moment is serving with his regiment, the gallant 24th, perhaps better known as the South Wales Borderers, a regi- ment with which he has been closely identified for a considerable period, and takes a special interest in. THE ENTRANCE HALL AND STAIRCASE. Although the fine Entrance Hall is not of very lofty dimensions, it is a spacious and comfortable apartment and the ceiling is beau- tifully decorated in an elaborate style gener- ally associated with the late Elizabethian plasterers, and the Tudor style. The walls of the entrance hall are-panelled to a height of about 7ft., the wood work terminating in a broad cornice, upon which are placed some dainty pieces of pewter and brass work. On the right-hand side of the apartment is a handsome fireplace of dark marble with large bronze figures. This is one o f the many beautiful treasures which were collected by the late Mr. R. W. Llewellyn, J.P., and Mrs. Llewellyn during their Continental visits some years ago. It may be mentioned that the late. Mr. Llewellyn had a natural instinctive taste for antique curios, etc. ,and was keen in his endeavours to secure many specimens of rare antiquity and value in accordance with his cultured tastes and individuality. The furniture of the hall includes some very an- tique furniture. In one corner are a couple of high-backed, quaint looking chairs of later Stuart days, while in another corner is a very antique oak gate-leg table, which lends a gra- tifying sense of homeliness to the cosy apart- ment. The grand staircase, which is made of teak wood, ascends in a broad flight of 16 steps, at the top of which it divides to right and left, and later rises in two more flights to the first floor. Half way up the stairs on the land- ing are a series of 4 small statues, placed in niches made specially for the purpose. These statues represent and are emblematic of the four seasons of the year. Many more inter- esting and notable curios, etc., may be ob- served in the entrance hall, on the staircsae, and in other apartments. THE LIBRARY, STUDY, AND DINING I ROOM. Another interesting apartment is the lib- rary, which stands on the Western side of the entrance hall. There are a large and very comprehensive collection of books, con- taining many volumes of historical works dealing with the Principality and other places of intere8t. From the Library an archway is constructed through a six-foot wall, leading to the study, which occupies a corner in the South-western part of the man- sion. In this apartment, as in many of the other rooms, are several interesting relics, including some ancient clocks of great value. It may be noted that the late Mr. R. W. Llewellyn took a keen interest in these, and accumulated quite a large collection of them. Returning or retracing our steps to the entrance hall, a doorway on the right-hand side of the staircase leads to the dining room, a commodious apartment, which, despite the fact that it has a Northern aspect and coxir- sequentlv little sunshine, is a pleasant and oosy apartment. Many notable paintings and portraits adorn the walls, including some valuable family portraits. Among them is a notable portrait of Mr. Wm. Llewellyn, the surgeon, (and friend of Collingwood), who is pourtrayed in a Naval dress uniform of about 80 or 90 years ago, and who it may be mentioned in passing, was until recent years remembered by some of the oldest inhabi- tants in the Baglan and Margam district and familiarly known as* the old doctor. Some other paintings in the dining room are of his wife and his son and daughter-in-law, the late Mr. and Mrs. William Llewellyn, grand- parents of the present owner. Other inter- esting portraits of the late Mr. R. W. Llew- ellyn, J.P., and Mrs. Llewellyn occupy a. position on the wall at the upper portion. of the staircase. I THE DRAWING ROOMS: INTERESTING FEATURES. I Occupying the whole of the Eastern end of the mansion is the spacious drawing room, which is one of the most beautifully decor- ated rooms in the house. It is oblong, and in every way a well proportioned apartment. Approaching it from. the entrance hall, you ave to pass through the smaller drawing room, and here may be observed a large china cabinet containing many choice and interesting specimens of the Swansea potter- ies and old Wedgwood china. Prior to the alterations, about nine years ago, this apart- ment formed the south-eastern extremity of the older structure. The large and commodious drawing room at Court Colman is a copy or imitation of a similar apartment at Versailles, in France, therefore, it is thoroughly characteristic of of the French Empire style. The decorative work was likewise executed by a French firm, and the fine plaster work is a triumph of the French decorative art, for though bright and flowery in colour it is highly artistic and possesses the qualities of lightness, grace and beauty. The general decorative scheme is in cream colour shade, and relieved with large decorative panels of vieux rose brocade. The line of the walls and ceiling is pleasingly broken by the appearance or presence rather more than half-way along the drawing room of fine pillars of African marble and from these a long archway crosses the room, and two pillars of smaller dimensions oonnect the pillars with the walls. On these handsome columns are elaborate capitals of Roman Ionic moulding, and the plaster work of the arches is very artistic, while over the nar- rower side arches are some very effective de- corated festoons. At the end of the room is a massive mantelpiece of white marble, upon which rest some large blue jars of rare old Delft. Some beautiful pictures adorn its walls, in- cluding one fine and exquisite copy of a Mad- onna, by Andra def Sarto. In the middle of the south end of the room stands a quaint and antique French clock,while some fine stat- uettes representing Victory and Narcissus, occupy both corners and near at hand is another elegant piece of statuary represent- ing Petrarch's "Laura." Almost every- thing in the room is in perfect harmony with the general decorations. The costly furni- ture is mostly of Louis period, in which gilt was de rigour, i.e., indispensable. A handsome side table of a distinctly French style, and on the other side of the room there is a Neut wrought cabinet containing Cer- amic (porcelain and earthenware treasures), old Delft, Cupa de Monte and old Swansea ware-the latter including one highly finished painted teapot in white and gold, with richly painted panels, containing artistic figures and flowers. In the corner to the right of the fire place, a decoration French screen at- tracts the eye, the panels of the upper part of which are of old types. In- many of the other various apartments of the house there is much beautiful furni- ture, including a notable suite in one of the bedrooms which is composed of some fine Ital- ian handiwork, inlaid in mother of pearl, copper, and brass. This valuable furniture is reputed to have occupied the place of hon- our in an Italion Palace in bygone days. All around the mansion there is distinct evi- dence of a cultured taste in the well laid out. grounds and gardens, which are graced by many varied beautiful vases and artistic pieces of sculpture, which were brought from Italy by the late Mr. R. W. Llewellyn, J.P., some years ago. These include a fine statue of Minerva, in Carrara marble, and the copy of the statue represents in size and design, a similar famous statue in the Uffize Art Gallery, in the City of Florence, Italy. A pretty drive leads from the terrace in front of the mansion, and winds down the hill to the main western entrance, where the ornamental lodge gates provide an unique ex- ample of old Italian work, in which the graoefu^ design and elegance of skilful work- manship and handiwork could scarcely be ex- celled.
DEDICATION. At Cilybebyll Church, near Pontardawe, a stained glass window, erected to the memory of the late Mr. Herbert Lloyd, J.P., Cily- bebyll, by his personal friends, was dedicated by the Venerable Archdeacon Edmondes, of Bridgend. The preliminary service was taken by the Rev. G. Griffiths (rector) and the Rev. J. G. Harris (curate), after which the Archdeacon dedicated the win low and de- livered an address. The window consists of three lights, the subject being, The Resur- rection of our Lord." Extending ar-ross the base of the window is a scroll, with the in- scription:—" To the Glory of God and in affectionate remembrance of Herbert Lloyd, Esq., J.P., of Plas, Cilybebyll, this window is erected by his personal friends, Nov., 1914."
Advertise in the Glamorgan Gazette." If you want to sell, buy or exchange; if you I want a servant, or need employment you eannot do better. Terms on page 6.
SMALLHOLDERS' NOTES. I HOW TO KEEP PIGS. I It is probable that no branch of animal hus- bandry can be more usefully extended at the present time than that of pig keeping. Few animals are capable of giving a quicker return for foods consumed and none is better adapted for turning into wholessome meat much material that is usually regarded as of little or no value. While pig-keeping, generally, might well receive increased attention, it is intended in this article to deal with the subject mainly from the standpoint of the cottager and rural householder whose facilities for keeping pigs are relatively limited. In so far as the same method of pig-keeping is applicable, however, ¡ the suggestions made may also prove useful to the small holder with more land and other facilities at his disposal. It is usually well within the means of most people who possess a fair-sized garden, and who can conform with the regulations of the local sanitary authority, to keep at least one pig. The garden and kitchen will supply a consider- able proportion of the animal's food. Should circumstances, however, necessitate the pur- chase of the whole of the food material, pig- keeping will not be very profitable. I Type of Pig. One of the first points to consider is the type of pig which should be kept. There are many breeds and crosses to choose from, but for the purpose of the small pig- kc-eper, pigs of large white Yorkshire or large black breeding will usually be found the most suitable. It is advisable to start with a newly- weaned pig, about 8 weeks old, care being taken to secure as good a specimen as possible. An extra shilling or two spent on a good pig will be amply repaid; the temptation to be satisfied with an unthrifty weakling, merely because it is to be had for less money, should be stoutly re- sisted. At the same time the buyer should not devote too much attention to fancy points. Above all he must have an animal with a vigor- ous constitution-a greedy, lusty fellow, active on his legs, lengthy and round in shape, with a clean and pliable skin covered with a fine coat of soft glossy hair,. I Feeding. For several weeks after weaning the pig should receive its food in a moderately sloppy condition, slightly warm if the weather is cold. I The food should be easily digestible, and may consist of potatoes, turnips, and other vege- tables, together with table scraps and grease from the kitchen, and a little middlings or sharps. The roots and vegetable matter should be boiled together, and afterwards well mashed and mixed, the meal being incorporated at the same time. Sufficient water should be added, or preferably a little skim milk if it is avail- able, to give the whole the consistency of gruel. A newly-weaned pig will usually require about 21b. of food per day, irrespective of added water, and, in the absence of milk, half the food should consist of middlings or similar material. The young pig should be fed regularly three times a day, the food being gradually increased, as much being given at each meal as it will readily clear up. Caution is necessary in the uso of kitchen waste, as such material fre- quently contains salt and soda in such quanti- ties as to be highly prejudicial to young pigs. Dried blood, meat meal and fish meal all have a high content of easily digestible flesh-forming material, and are therefore suitable for feeding to young pigs, a little at a time, in the absence of dairy waste. As the pig is naturally a graz- ing animal, it is important that succulent vege- table food should form part of its food at all seasons of the year. In the summer succulent green food is gener- ally plentiful enough. Young grass from the wayside, weeds from the garden, and similar material, will all be picked over by a young growing pig to its advantage. Tender young clover and lucerne are excellent green foods for pigs. Lucerne especially is valuable in that it is available early and late in the year, several cuts being obtainable annually. A small patch of ground could well be spared for this highly nutritious forage plant. Rape, vetches, and rye, or a mixture of these, if sown in small plots, which would otherwise be left bare throughout the winter, will supply highly nutritious green food at times when such material is scarce. For the supply of the neces- sary succulent food in the dead of winter re- course must be had to potatoes, turnips, man- golds, sugar beet, artichokes, etc. Of these, potatoes and sugar beets are the most valuable, 41b. of either being considered equivalent to lib. of cereal meal. For the first month or two the pig should be allowed a moderate amount of exercise. An oc- casional run outside its sty will tend to promote a healthy appetite and to encourage growth. When the pig reaches about 100 lb. in live weight this form of exercise should be consider- ably curtailed, and feeding should be rather more forced. Wheat offals, accompanied by a little rice meal. maize meal, or barley meal, whichever is cheapest, may be given more freely, and the supply of the more bulky vege- table foods should be correspondingly reduced. There is no more suitable food for the final stages of fattening than maize, but sometimes other and cheaper foods can be substituted. With pigs of the weight stated the possibility of utilising such materials as acorns, horse chestnuts, and beech mast should be considered. Acorns have long been recognised as a suitable food for pigs, and in many parts of the country they still form a regular portion of the pigs' diet during the autumn and winter. Their value as gathered has been put at from Is. 6d. to 2s. a bushel, or about half the value of maize, which they resemble in composition, but 9d. to Is. per bushel is commonly paid for collecting them. Before using, they should be spread out in thin layers to dry, as in the dry condition they are both more palatable and less astrin- gent than in the fresh state. Their chief value for feeding lies in their high starch content and digestibility. They are best adapted for feed- ing along with the more laxative vegetable foods and foods rich in flesh-forming material, such as the wheat offals and gluten meal. From 1 to 21b daily per pig may be fed in this way. Horse chestnuts dried, husked and ground constitute an even richer feeding stuff than acorns. On the basis of analysis lib. of chest- nut meal is equal to lib. loz. of barley meal, or lib. 4ozs. of oats. or lib. 8oz. of bran. Chestnut meal, however, is bitter to the taste, and stock will not readily eat it if unaccompanied by other more palatable foods. Up to lilb, per head, per day, has been fed to pigs with good results. Little is known as to the food value of beech mast. Only the kernel, which is extremely rich in nitrogenous substances and in fat, should be fed. In small quantities accompanied by starchy foods it may safely form part of a pig's daily ration. It should be remembered that the pig is an omnivorous eater and requires variety in its food. Care should, however, be taken to avoid sudden changes in diet. Another important point to remember, especially with pigs con- fined to sties, is the necessity of supplying a re- gular allowance of gritty material, preferably emall coal or wood ashes, or, failing these, earthy turf. Such material has a valuable tonic effect. If carefully fed from the start a pig should weigh from 1701b. to 1801b. live weight at from 5 to 6 months old, when it should be ready for killing. The amount of food required at this stage will be from ? to 61b. of meals or their equivalent daily, and the dressed carcase should weigh from 1301b. to 1401b. Beyond this point the rate of increase gradually slackens, while the amount of food required to produce lib. of increase becomes greater. Fat bacon and fat pork are more useful as food than lean, especi- ally in winter, and the cottager who fattens only one pig for his own use would do well to bear this in mind. Housing. I I In respect of housing no elaborate structure is necessary, the main essentials being comfor- table and clean conditions. A dry bed, com- bined with suitable ventilation and the absence of draughts, promotes the general health of the animal, prevents chills and rheumatism, and minimises risk of disease. The foundation must be dry, and, if conditions permit, the piggery should face the south. Ac- cess to a small paddock is a distinct advantage; where,however, this is impossible, an arrange- ment for providing sufficient accommodation for two store pigs should answer the purpose of the cottager or small holder. Openings in the walls and roof through which the passage of air may be easily regulated ehould be provided in order that the tempera- ture may be kept as even as possible throughout the year. A close stuffy atmosphere destroys the appetite and is as harmful as. a cold sty. Provision for suitable lighting may be made either in the wall or in the roof. The walls will usually be built of brick, concrete or wood, or wood on a brick foundation, and the building may often conveniently take the form of a Jean- to. It should be high enough to obviate all difficulty in cleaning out. For the roof, slates, tiles or thatch may be used, or corrugated iron is suitable if the inside is lined with wood. A roof of wood, covered with thick tarred felt will also suffice to keep out cold and wet. There is less choice in respect of the floor, which is the most important part of the sty. From a sanitary point of view concrete is the most suitable. This should be grooved to afford a foothold. Part of the floor, sufficient to pro- vide bed accommodation for the pig, should be of wood, or, at all events, it should be covered with a wooden platform, cement alone being too cold and liable to give rise to rheumatism. Hard bricks are more comfortable than cement and make a suitable floor. Earth or clay, how- ever well beaten, is liable to get broken up and become puddled. The floor should slope gently to the front of the sty to help drainage. Sur- face drains are to be preferred, as they can readily be kept clean. The drainage should not be wasted, but should pass into some convenient receptacle for use in the garden with the solid excrement. Bedding. In the absence of straw, dried bracken, grass and leaves make thoroughly efficient bedding. Every effort should be made to provide an abun- dant supply, especially in cold weather, when the pig prefers to curl up in bed and is content I with the minimum of exercise. When it is re- membered that food is more expensive in winter than in summer, and that it takes more food in winter to produce lib. of pork, the supreme im- portance of comfort during the coldest season of the year is apparent. To be successful in pig-keeping the beginner must bear in mind local circumstances and con- ditions, which are best known to himself; he must study the individuality of the animal and the properties of the feeding material at his dis- posal, and direct his energies to securing the maximum production of pork at the minimum of expense. Where circumstances permit, breeding com- I bined with feeding, or even breeding alone, will be found preferable to feeding alone.
j COWBRIDGE KESERYIST'S I OPTIMISTIC LETTER. SENDING GERMANS HOME TO BERLIN. Writing to Mr. A. B. Thomas, of the An- cient Druid Hotel, Cowbridge, Mr. F. J. VVright, a Reservist, who has been at the r01-- throughout the war, expresses1 optim- i. sm as to the progress of the war "I don't think you need fear the Germans coming to London," he writes. "We are starting them back home to Berlin. It is a pitiful sight to see the town we have just driven them out of. There is not a whole house lefft standing. Scores of fires are raging, and the church is completely battered to the ground. We have taken a lot of pris- oners, and are driving the enemy back stead- ily. When we start them going nothing is going to stop us, but they are burning every house, farm, and stick around here." After remarking that he is woll-cared for, the writer adds: "I am keeping in good health, but it is very cold at nights lying out in the mangold fields and in the rain and mud, but we must expect all that these times. I would enjoy a whisky and soda now. We can see plenty of empty bottles lying about that the Germans have left-but that is all!"
I HEOLYCYW. SOCIAL.—Under the auspices of St. Paul's Church Choir, a successful social evening was spent on Monday at the Mission Room, when a goodly number attended. The expenses in connection with the evening were generously borne by members of the church and choir. The ladies who attended to the tables were: Mrs. Kensie, Mrs. Williams, Miss Edith Dando, Mrs. Chant, Mrs. Easterbrook, Mrs. Jarret, and Mrs. Ruffle. Tho carving and cutting were expeditiously performed by Mrs. Griffiths and Mrs. Hall (The Stores). Thanks are due to Mr. and Mrs. Dando, who are never sparing in their efforts to assist in every social function. Miss Dawkins played a few choice selections on the piano prior to the commencement of the repast, and in the absence of Mr. T. J. Davies, Mr. Kensie pre- sided at the instrument afterwards. During the evening solos were splendidly rendered by Misses E. M. Gore and Katie Hawkins, Mr. Tom Evans and Mr. W. H. John. The pick of the evening's recitations were the selec- tions of Mrs. Kensie. The chairman (Mr. Dawkins) proposed a vote of thanks to the donors and the artistes. The proceeds will be devoted to the soldiers' and sailors' fund.
Up-to-date Appliances tor turning out #Ivery class of work at competitive pnoes, at the Glamorgan Gazette I Printing Works.
r- 101' I Jones & Beynon. j I General Drapers & Milliners, I I XK.HJBSmBG, I I Have purchased a Huge Quantity of t I' [j:;d a ::atos I I T SpECITKla PRICES. I These will be marked very low for immediate clearance. ) ———————————————— I I Huge quantities of FANCY LACE COLLARS, BOWS, I and GLOVES in stock. ) We retarp Casb for all Goods pot appoved o ) „.„„—, 11 .u_-
YALE NOTES. I (By PELA-GIUS.) I ————— ————— The appeal to the young men of Llantwit Major recently made by one united national party has brought forth a fine harvest of young recruits who have placed their services at the disposal of our country. The following, to our knowledge, have joined the new Army, but possibly there are others, for the numbers increase daily, which goes to prove that our young men only wanted the danger of delay brought home to them and they would nobly answer to the roll call:—William Drew, Frank Deere (West Street), William Hugh, John Lake, Percy Hallet, Thos. Morgan (Penybryn), Thos. Williams, Arthur Smith, Gilead Evans, Max Davies, David Rawles, Arthur Elward, Thos. Price, Thos. George, Wm. John, Arthur George, G. Gardner, A. George, Thomas Thomas, and Albert Hopkins. Some of the above are married men with families. 0 0 0 To those who heard the Rev. A. T. Guttery's appeal at Cowbridge, to an audi- ence largely composed of young men of the farming class, the disappointment that the appeal has so far apparently fallen on deaf ears is great. < < < The Vale has no longer the excuse that the danger to their country has not been brought to its notioe, and some classes have nobly re- sponded, but where are the farmers' sons? Have they no patriotism ? If so, is it im- possible to arouse it ? One solitary recruit at Llantwit Major, Mr. Thomas Morgan, Penybryn, another at St. Athan's meeting, Mr. Lane, junr. We raise our hats to these young men. If the light that beats on a throne is bright, it is no brighter than the light of public opinion that shines on the "slackers" in our midst. They are numbered, weighed, and found wanting. At the first meet of the Glamorgan Hounds at The Ham there were two things conspicu- ous-the absence of any young member of the Hunt fit for military service; and the presence of a large number of young men of the farming class fit for military service. ) An old soldier present made the remark that there was the nucleus of a cavalry squadron present; to which remark a friend replied that the German foxes were more difficult to drive out of cover than the foxes iI1 Colhugh Gorse. v • » • In the "Life of Sir John French" we read that his only hobby is hunting; but to-day that gallant Field Marshal has given up hunting foxes for the more serious purpose of driving the Prussian vampires out of Europe.
FOOTBALLERS AND THE ARMY. I SHOULD JOIN THE FORCES. I Mr. H. J. Tennant, Under-Secretary of State for War, replying to an inquiry from the president of a Scottish Football Club, writes that no objection is taken by the mili- tary authorities to occasional recreation. It is considered, however, professional foot- ball does not come within that category, and that it can only be admitted on grounds of contract or employment. It is much more desirable that professional football players should find employment in his Majesty's forces than in their old occupations.. With regard to the question of a. bffeach of corn- tract, it is considered this is a time when all should be prepared to make sacrifices.
Up-to-Date Appliances for t ning out I every class of work at colii etitiv, vices, at I the "Glamorgan Grzette" Printing *orks. TO Farmers and Stock-breeders. As all sorts of Grain and Meal are likely to be very high in price this season owing to the War having entirely stopped the export of Barley, Maize and Oats from Russia and Germany, we would direct the attention of. all Farmers and Stock- breeders to excellent substitutes which are to be found in BRAN AND SHARPS. These are splendid feeds for all kinds of Stock and are likely to be far cheaper than any othpr article. They are rich in nutriment, are good aids to digestion, and also have high manurial value. The Bran and Sharps manufactured by WEAVER & Co., Ltd., Swansea, are of the best quality, and buyers would do well to place their orders with their Merchants for a regulir supply of WEA VER- av BRAN & SHARPS WEAVER & Co., Limited, SWAN- EA. ￼ ￼ ￼ ￼ ￼ ￼ ￼ Save when Spending," and at ;SaSSjSfcffiE p^ S entered on your book. Many of our Members, who have allowed their Dividends to accumulate, hava large amounts standing. Just think for a moment, what a nice Sum it would be if YOU had tr receive 2s. to the X on all your purohases during the pst 12 months. THAT is wSt ?ou?r Me.m'b?m Si ih^ra^e^°n th6ir savings.) ?"——— Membership is inere&sing, and our Sales shew SHch a large increase. Our Departments are:- Grocery, Bakery, Butchery, Drapery, Boots, Outfitting, Tailoring, Millinery,-every want for Home and Person. A postcard will bring one of our Travellers to your door. Caerau and Maesteg Co-Operntivt Society, Ltd
PRINCE OF VALES FOR THE FRONT CONVINCES KITCHENER OF HIS FITNESS. In Court circles it is stated that the Prince of Wales has at last convinced Lord Kit- chener and also the King and Queen of his proficiency to serve at the front with the Ex- petitionary Force, and, further, that the necessary permission has been obtained. It is quite probable that his Royal Highness will leave for France within a fortnight. I Whether the Prince will be attached to General French's staff, or remain with his re- giment, is not yet divulged, but it is ex- pected he will adopt the first course. The Prince, it will be recalled, was greatly disappointed that he was not allowed to ac- company the 1st Grenadiers, in which he holds his commission, when they left for the I front in the earlier stages of the war, and an official announcement was then issued, on the authority of Lord Kitchener, that his Royal Highness's application had not then been granted. Unofficially it was stated that the War Minister did not think the Prince was suffi- ciently experienced at that time. His Royal Highness then attached himself to the 3rd Grenadiers, and has since then been assidu- ously training, and is to be congratulated on having at last won his wish.
During the bombardment of a French vil- lage a fleeing family was already on the road to safety, when a boy of seven broke away, calling out that he had forgotten his school- books. He ran through the bursting shells, entered his home, which was already in flames, and came running back unhurt. He ex- plained that he wanted to take his echool- books because he did not want the Germans to learn French.
LADIES. BLANCHARD'S PILLS th Are unrivalled for all Irregularities, etc., they speedily afford relief and never fail to alleviate all suffering, etc. They supersede Pennyroyal, Pil Oochia, Bitter Apple. Blanchard's are the Best of all Pills for Women. Sold in boxes Is. lid., by BOOTS' Branches and all Chemists, or post free, same price, from LESLIE MARTYN, Ltd., Chemists, 34, Dalston Lane, London. Sample and valuable Booklet post free Id.