Saturday, Noven-ber 7th.-Befcre: Ald. W. Llewellyn (chairman), Aid. John Thomas, Messrs. J. Rees, T. E. Hopkin, Evan David, Gomer Davies, W. J. Lewis, W. Powell and R. L. Jenkins. DRUNK AND DISORDERLY. I Fcr h?vi?g bMn drunk and disorderly Wn. John, wUi-ET. Bla?r?arw. was fin?d 15«. Ann Jones, wife. Blaengarw, was also nned 15s. I INDECENT LANGUAGE. I Tlie use of indecent language led to the fol- I lowing being fined1: Elizabeth Potter, wife, Aberkenfig, 20s. Cornelius Donoghue, col- lier, Cornwall St., Sandfields, Aberavon, 15s. Phillip David, collier, Nantymoel, 1. j Arthur Buckmaster, coU?er, ?s?ntvmoei. ios. I Wm. Jenkins, haulier, Kenfig Hill, 15s. I UNATTENDED CARRIAGES. I Morgan Nichol&s, haulier, Penybun FMm, Aberkenfig, for having left caxrii unat- tended, had to pay the costs, 5s.; James Woodward, fruiterer, Kenfig Hill, had to pay I 10s. and Herbert Winter, Nolton Street, Bridgend, had to pay the costs, 5s. STRAYING HORSES. I Finee were imposed on the following for I having allowed their horses to stray: Hugh Davies, collier, Cefn CTibbwr, 10s. William Thomas, collier, Cefn CTibbwr, 5s. (costs). SUNDAY TRADING. I ￼ The following Sunday traders were tinea: Chas. Moruzzi, shop assistant, Bridgend, 5s. and costs, 7s.; Bomzine Giovanni, shopkeep- er,, Kenfig Hill, 5s. and costs, 7s.; Cwetta Gwachino, shop assistant, Caerau, 5s. and costs, 7s.; Francesio Nariani, shop assistant, Caerau, 58. and costs, 7s.; Suige Cappekne, shop assistant, Aberkenfig, 5s. and ooste, 7s. Suige Sidoli, shopkeeper, Kenfig Hill, 5s. and costs, 7s. Cissunta Testa, shop aar sistant, Aberkenfig, 5s. and oosts, 7s.; Er- nest Sidoli, shopkeeper, Aberkenfig, 5s. and costs, 7s.; Andrew Baroni. shopkeeper, Maestegj 5s. GUN WITHOUT LICENCE. For having used a gun without a license, I James Ev&ns, collier, Blaengarw, had to pay irk- -n- NOT REGISTERED. Benjamin Lawrence, farmer, Llangewydd, was fined 20s. for having kept a boar which he did not register for service. TALE OF THE PHEASANTS. Idris Lewis, labourer, Bridgend Road, Aberkenfig, was summoned for having been on land in search of game. P.C. Lennox (53) stated that he saw de- fendant coming off certain land with two pheasants and stopped him. Defendant told him he had been beating for a shooting party at Court Colman and saw the two pheasants walking away wounded. He thought it was a pity to leave them like that so caught them and killed them. Witness, however, examine d them and found their necks had not been broken, neither had they been killed by a shotgun, but by a. bullet from a rifle. Fined L2 or 21 days in default. MAINTENANCE. I James King, collier, Bed was, was sum- moned in respect of the maintenance of his f athoer. Warrant Officer Thomas stated that do- fendant's father became chargeable in 1913. Defendant was a single man and the Board was asking for 2s. 6d. per week.-Order made. Joseph Clare, jeweller, Victoria Avenue, Porthcawl, was summoned in respect of the maintenance of his son, who was an inmate of Glamorgan County Asylum. Warrant Officer Thomas stated that de- fendant's son became chargeable in 1913, be- ing taken to the Asylum, and defendant had be-en paying 4s. per week, but the Guardians considered he was able to pay the full amount, 10s. 9id. per week. He was the owner of three shops and three houses at Porthcawl and one shop at Port Talbot.-Ile order asked for was made. ABSENTEE. Daniel Petty, Nantymoel, was arge<* with having absented hims?M from f t£ he 3rd General Service Corps, Welsh Regiment. He was remanded to await an escort. ADJOURNED. Ellen Hopkins, Llewelyn St., Nantymoel, summoned Wm. Williams, collier. Ogmore Terraoe, Na-ntymoel for assaul t. Mr. D. Llewellyn for defendant said it was desired to subpoena a witness who had joined the Army and he, therefore, applied for an ad- journment. -Granted. TRANSFER OF LICENSE. The license of the Wyndham Hotel, Bridg- end, was, on the application of Mr. Harry Randall, transferred from Mrs. Colquhoun to Miss Rees.. 4p
Monday.-BefoTe: Messrs. D. H. Lloyd and W. J. Lewis. BOYS ON THE RAILWAY. Albert Curtiss (11), of David Street, Blaen- garw; David Young (9), Railway Terrace; Stanley Davies (12) Blaengarw Road; David Harris (13), Nanthir Road; Henry Jones (10). Blaengarw Road; James Stoneham (13), Rail- way Terrace; William Bridgeman (13), Gwen- doline Street; Ernest John (13), Blaengarw Terrace; John Harris (12), Nanthir Road; Bertie Rome (13), Railway Terrace; and Idwal Daviea (13), Blaengarw Road, were summoned for having trespassed on the G.W.B. at Blaengarw, on October 8th For the prosecution, it was stated that the boys were a continual nuisance. Close to tIi. signal box, they climbed a telegraph pole and slid down the stay wires. For weeks they had tbeen warned it was dangerous, but they took no notice. They were liable to a fine of 60a., but the Company did not ask for that penalty; they suggested a nominal penalty should be in- flicted on the parents. William Wheeler, stationmaster at Blaos- garw Station, said the pole up which the lads climbed was 20ft. high, and if they fell they would fall on the railway line and would be killed. It was dangerous because there was always a train shunting there. Last Sunday some boys got on the railway, pulled a sheet of a truck, and left it off, and eight or nine sacks of flour were spoilt. The Chairman said it was evident the boyt were trespassing, and what they were, doing was a danger to themselves and to other people. They would be fined 29. 6d. each, ex- cept Stoneham, who did not appear, and he would be fined 5s. A BACK YARD THEFT. David Lewis, a collier, of Aberkenfig, was charged with having stolen two sheets, valued at 3s., the property of George Rogers, from a garden at the rear of 10 Park Road, Aberken- fig. He was further charged with having as. saulted P.C. (52) George Lennox while in the execution of his duty. Mrs. Alberto Rogers proved missing the sheets from the line, and next seeing them at the Police Station. P.C. Lennox said at 1.45 on Sunday morning he saw prisoner coming towards Bridgend. He had something white under his coat, but he refused to tell witness what it was. A little later on, witness pulled the sheets from under- neath prisoner's coat, and accused then struck him two blows in the face and also kicked him in the stomach. Prisoner denied the offence, and said h. picked the sheets up in Park Road. He saw the policeman coming along, and had he stolen them he could easily have gone up a turning and got out of the policeman's way. He al. leged that the witness struck him on the head with his strap. A fine of 10s. was imposed for the theft of the sheets, and 20s. for the assault. DRUNK. Arthur John Devnell, of Pyle, charged with having been drunk on Sunday night, was fined 15s.—Nothing was known about the accused, who pleaded that he "went quietly." (Continued on bottom of next Column.)
PENYBONT RURAL DIZTRICT I COUNCIL. I NO THOROUGHFARE." 1 G.W.R. AND THE COUNCIL. At the fortnightly meeting of the Penvbont District Council on Saturday, Mr. T. Davies presided over a full attendance. The Surveyor reported he had received a letter from the contractor, Mr. D. M. Evans, for the supply of brooms, stating that the cost of materials had gone up and he regretted their would have to be an increase in price. Originally the price had been 23s. a dozen, but for the two dozen which had just been received the contractor had charged 27s. a dozen. It was agreed to refer the matter back to thft surveyor with a request to him to ascertain why the price had increased. G.W.R.'s NOTICE. A letter was read from the G.W.R. Co., in reply to a communication from the Council with reference to a notice of "No Thorough- fare," they had placed at Brynllwrach Cross- ing. The Company wrote that there might be a public road for pedestrians, but the notice was only intended to apply to vehicular traffic with the exception of that connected with Bryn- llywrach Fawr Farm. Mr. Golledge repudiated that statement. It was an old right-of-way, and evidence could be called to show that the Cross was an old right- of-way from one parish leading to another. He suggested they should write to the Railway Company again on the matter. The question was left in the hands of the Surveyor to report at the next meeting. QUESTION OF FOOTPATH. I A letter was received from the Newcastle Higher Parish Council asking that Council to make a footpath from Park Terrace to Park Road, Tondu. It was stated that the cost would be < £ 125. It was suggested the local Parish Council should have the work done. Mr. Salathiel said while that Council were asked to do some pathways, the cost coming out of the general district rate, other parish councils did the work themselves. If they were going to be asked to make some foot- paths for Parish Councils they ought to throw upon the district rate the cost of the making of all the footpaths. The Clerk said he did not think the aPrish Council had any authority to make a new foot- path. It was agreed to refer the matter back to the Parish Council and ask them if they would do the work. STREET IMPROVEMENTS. The Local Government Board wrote sanction- ing the borrowing of JE1,560 by the Council for the widening and improving of Cornelly Road, Pyle. They also gave notice that they would hold an enquiry into the application of the Council to borrow the sum of L2,015 for the purpose of street improvements in St. Bride's Major. DANGEROUS. A communication was read from the Pencoed Parish Council calling attention to the danger- ous condition of the nad from Hampton House to Penuel Cross Roads. The matter was left in the hands of the Sur- veyor and the Councillors to report.
WAR RELIEF FUNDS. GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION ADVOCATED. MR FRANK HODGES AND "INQUISITION" At a conference of South Wales Work- men's Representatives at Card-ff on Satur- day, Mr. Frank Hodges moved a resolution dealing with civil distress, namely:- That all war relief funds be merged and taken over by the Government, to be ad- ministered by the Government; also that there be a general or uniform scale of re- lief, modifications or exceptions to be made to suit exceptional districts, the national revenue to be made responsible for raising the funds necessary. Mr. Hodges said that some of these char- itable agencies were "proper inquisitions." and because some people had declined to an- swer the questions asked they had been de- clined relief-and many refused to apply for reVef. Trade Union funds should not be used to subsidise charities, and he argued that there should be State control and State ad- ministration of the unemployed programme. Mr. James Henson, Barry, seconded, and the resolution was carried.
POTATO DISEASE. I IMPORTED FROM GERMANY. j Another undesirable import from Germany, according to Mr. Hedger Wallace, the director of agriculture for Glamorgan, is the wart dis- ease of potatoes. He informed a reporter on Friday evening that they know positively that the disease came from Germany. The history of it told them that. Considerable portions of Glamorgan were suspected, including perhaps the whole of the Rhondda Valley, Aberaman, Aberdare, Caerphilly, Radyr, and the Vale of Glamorgan. This wart disease was a serious matter, and another disease in the schedule was what was known as "corky scab"; and the presumption that British potatoes were inflicted with the latter had led the United States Government to prohibit the importation of potatoes from this country. Active steps were now being taken to try to suppress the disease by insisting upon the use of only those species of seed po- tatoes known to be immune from it.
CANADA TO ENGLAND. I I I The youthful touch in time must pass, The green range back to golden; And back we fare from new-found homes, To homelands that are olden. For though we wandered far, and seemed To break the ancient tether, Time yet shall bring the Mother Land And far-flung child together. Aether STRINGER.
"Th's war is teaching us all to think on a Continental scale," says the "Nation" "but the lesson is slowly learned, and to most of us it is still something of a paradox that the security of our own shores is at issue on the Vistula, as certainly it is at stake between Nieuport and Ostend."
WAR AGAINST WAR. I APPEAL TO THE YOUNG MEN OF THE I VALE. The second of a series of Welsh Army re- cruiting meetings organised under the joint auspices of the Liberal and Conservative Asso- ciations of South Glamorgan was held at the Town Hall, Cowbridge, on Friday. Colonel H. R. Homfray, Penllyne Castle, presided, and was supported by Mr. W. Brace, M.P., Colonel C. S. Denniss (Penarth), Alderman T. W. David (Ely Rise), Mr. David Rhys, barrister- at-law (London), Alderman W. A. James (Mayor-elect of Cowbridge), Councillor W. L. Jenkins, Lieutenant German, Mr. Llewellyn i Davies (Liberal agent), and Mr. R. H. Top- ping (Conservative agent). The Chairman (Colonel Homfray) said that this was a most extraordinary meeting, com- posed as it was of men representing all shades of religious and political opinions, working to- gether for one common object. But the cir- cumstances in which the meeting was held were extraordinary. Meetings of this sort were being held for the people to do all in their power to remove any stigma that might attach to them if in this hour of peril for England any of the available manhood of the country failed to come to the rescue. (Applause.) He wished there was no reason to hold such meet- ings as these, but unfortunately there was. Colonel C. P. Denniss urged the men of the Cowbridge district to respond to a man to the call of the country to fight the gravest menace the world had ever known. All classes were combining in this struggle, and class distinc- tions were giving way before a spirit of na- tional brotherhood. Alderman T. W. David said it was a great thing that in such a crisis as this men of all politics and creeds could agree together in the national interests. There were no political parties to-day. (Applause.) This was a war against war-against the makers of war-and they all agreed that there could be no peace until the Prussian military caste had been de- feated. Germany had been the military bully of the world for many years, and must now be humbled. (Applause.) Germany had sought this war. Alderman David said that he had a strange personal experience when in Switzer- land in the second week of June la-st, which showed that others were alive to the sinister intentions of the Germans. He remarked to the hotel proprietor that there was nothing like the number of Germans there as in previ- ous years, and the hotel proprietor, a Swiss, said that the Germans were expecting a Euro- pean war, and that England had better keep her eyes on the North Sea. He (Mr. David) laughed at the idea of war then, but three jreeks after he thought differently of the words of the Swiss hotel proprietor. He urged young men to come forward and join the ranks of the Welsh Army. He was too old for the military forces himself, but he had encouraged his two sons to join. (Applause.) Mr. David Rhys said that Wales had not done jet what she might and ought toldo, for some reason or other. It could not be cowardice, for the history of Wales was very fine, and her record was particularly good on the battle- fields of France and Belgium. (Hear, hear.) At Cressy a fourth of the British Army were Welshmen. (Applause.) When the Black Prince fell he was covered from the enemy by the flag of Wales. (Applause.) Mr. W. Brace, M.P., also spoke.
I FREE CHURCHES SHOULD STAND SHOULDER TO SHOULDER. I REV. A. T. GUTTERY APPEALS FOR PATRIOTISM. A stirring and eloquent address was given in the Limes Chapel, Cowbridge, on Friday, by the Rev. A. T. Guttery, of Liverpool. The meeting was held under the auspices of the Vale of Glamorgan Free Church Council. The chair was taken by Mr. E. W. Miles, and the subject was A Call to Britons." It was also a clarion call to the Free Churches to stand shoulder* to shoulder at a time which the speaker described as the greatest crisis history had ever known. There was a very large attendance, and the address, which was full of thrilling passages, was lis- tened to with rapt attention. The speaker, in his opening remarks, re- ferred to what transpired a few weeks before was declared, to the thrilled utterances of Sir Edward Grey, who again and again made proposals that would have brought peace, but only to be thwarted by the infamous pro- posals of Germany, proposals which asked Britain to barter away her honour and to falsify her agreements with little nations. He would rather see Britain wiped off the face of the earth than stoop to such infamy. Little nations had always looked to us for a lead, and they had not looked in vain, and in a wider sense he was proud to see the sturdy farmers of Canada, the Red Indians, and the soldiers of gorgeous India standing shoulder to shoulder with our own noble lads to avenge this crime against humanity. Why ? Because they had all lfearned that the British Empire does not rest upon force, not upon the thunder of h.er guns, but upon the splendour of her services, upon her freedom and fair-play. The speaker recited a con- versation he had had with an American mil- lianaire. The millionaire said, You in the Mother Country Are a bit slow, but if the dear old Mother Country was in danger of being brought to her knees, America would give her last dollar and her last drop of blood." The speaker then paid a glowing tribute to the noble part played by Bel- gium. When this war was about to be settled; when that military monster, the Kaiser had been broken in pieces, when the Allied forces would march into Berlin—and to Berlin they were going-then in that march Belgium must have the crowning hon- our. The speaker appealed to the Free Churches to give patriotism a place among its virtues; he pleaded for a better apprecia- tion of our sailor and soldier lads in time of peace—the lads whom they had heard bois- terously singing, It's a long, long way to Tipperarv" the lads who took their sisters to "see the pictures" the lads who enjoyed themselves better when the lights were lowered—were the same lads who to-day on the bloody fields of France were cheerfully giving up their lives for the Empire; they were the same lads who were helping to keep our hearths and homes, our mothers and daughters, free from violation. They were the lads who formed General French's "contemptible little army," but they had got on the Kaiser's nerves Referring to the number of officers who had nobly fallen in the fight he (the speaker) said that he had many times said hard things about the aristocracy, but he wished to be honest and fair-the British aristocracy had again and again proved, and were prov- ing to-day that they knew how to fight, and they knew how to bleed and to die for their country'. Statements had been made by the press that Nonconformists were not rallying to the colours as they should. He gave figures he had obtained from the War Office. Leaving out every other Nonconformist body, 185,000 from the Methodists alone had re- cently enlisted.
R A T E. I "A CHANT OF HATE." The "Chant of Hate Against England" is by Ernest Lissauer, and appeared first in Jugend." It was rendered into English verse by Barbara Henderson, and sent to the New York Times" by Professor Henderson, who said: "It is a veritable war chant of hate, resonant with the note of ancient tribal rites, and the primitive ferocity of a people stirred to the topmost pitch of a passionate racial animosity. It is a symbol of the spirit which has welded together into a mar- vellous union the entire German people of seventy millions, and made of them a fight- ing unit of almost incredible force and cohe- siveness":— French and Russian, they matter not- A blow for a blow and a shot for a shot; We love them not, we hate them not; We hold the Weichsel and Vosgesgate; We have but one and only hate; We love as one, we hate as one. We have one foe, and one alone. He is known to you all, he is known to you all; He crouches behind the dark grey flood, Full of envy, of rage, of craft, of g41l, Cut off by waves that are thicker than blood. Come, let us stand at the Judgment place, An oath to swear to, face to face, An oath of bronze, no wind can shake, An oath for our sons and their sons to take. Come, hear the word, repeat the word, Throughout the Fatherland make it heard We will never forgo our hate; We all have a single hate; We love as one, we hate as one, We have one foe, and one alone— ENGLAND! In the Captain's Mess, in the banquet hall, Sat feasting the officers, one and all, Like a sabre-blow, like the swing of a sail, One seized his glass, held high to hail; Sharp snapped like the stroke of a rudder's play, Spoke three words only:—" To the DAY." Whose glass this fate? They had all but a single hate. Who was thus known? They had but one foe, and one alone— ENGLAND! Take you the folk of the Earth in pay With bars of gold your ramparts lay; Bedeck the ocean with bow on bow- Ye reckon well, but not well enough, now. French and Russian, they matter not— A blow for. a blow, a shot for a shot; We fight the battle with bronze and sieel, And the time that is coming Peace will seal. You will we hate with a lasting hate; We will never forgo our hate- Hate by water and hate by land, Hate of the head and hate of the hand, Hate of the hammer and hate of the crown, Hate of seventy millions, choking down; We love as one, we hate as one, We have one foe, and one alone— ENGLAND! The war has produced many verses and some poetry, but the remarkable stanzas, A Chant of Hate' are the most passionate ut- terance that has yet appeared," says the Times." And the passion they utter is hate—the hate of Germans for England. There is something frightful about it, some- thing deadly, concentrated, malignant. It is no hysterical outburst of weakness, but a revelation of collected, conscious, and pur- poseful rage. It will surprise no one who knows Germany well, for this hate of Eng- land is no sudden and passing emotion. No doubt it has been fanned white-hot by the war. but it has been gathering mass and sec- retly glowing for years, ready to burst into flame. This remarkable Hymn of Hate only sums up in concentrated form many previ- ous expressions of the same feeling. But it does so with an intensity which makes it a portent. Such verses spring only from the heart of a people, and we shall do well to note them." If we are at war," adds the Times," it is not for hatred, but because we have come to realise the hatred, the envy, the determination to cripple us and to des- troy our friends, that animates the Imperial, military, and political pupils of Clausewitz and Treitschke, the men who in Belgium and in France have worked out in blood and desolation the gospel of Might is Right."
LIEUT. WYNDHAM-QUIN WOUNDED I WENT THROUGH BRILLIANT CHARGE. Lieutenant R. S. W. R. Wyndham-Quin, whose nameappears in the list of wounded, is a son of Colonel W. H. Wyndham-Quin, D.S.O., formerly M.P. for South Glamorgan, and for some years commanding officer of the Glamorgan Yeomanry, and especially during the South African war. On August 28th, during the strategic re- tirement of the British forces, it fell to the lot of Lieutenant Wyndham-Quin to lead his squadron in the brilliant charge then made by the 12th Lancers against the pick of the Prussion cavalry. The squadron leader, Major J. P. Bailey, D.S.O., had been previously wounded, the second in command, Captain J. C. Mitchell, killed, and the young lieuten- ant, gallantly leading his men in charge after charge, fortunately then came out of the conflict unscathed. His father is the heir-presumptive to the Earl of Dunraven.
ROYAL SYMPATHY. 1 WITH RELATIVES OF CAPT. CRAWSHAY. Mrs. Mervyn Crawshay, widow of the late I Captain Mervyn rawshay oC,f the 5th Dra- goons, has received the following sympathetic telegram from the King and Queen: "Buck- ingham Palace.—The King and Queen deep- ly regret the loss you and the Army have sus- tained by the death of your husband in the service of his country. His Majesty truly sympathises with you in your trouble."
SECTION D" OF THE 2nd WELSH OFF ABROAD. Section D of the 2nd Battalion of the Welsh Regiment left Cardiff on Sunday afternoon for foreign service. The streets were lined with spectators, and the men, looking extremely fit, were heartily cheered as they swung along to the station. As the train steamed out lnsty I cheers were given for the "boys."
"Advertise in the Glamorgan Gazette." If you want to sell, buy or exchange; if you want a servant, or need employment you cannot do better. Terms on page 5.
If* HYARCH ER&C^iW OLDENRET ?__ ? REC.STEREO ?-? j? E- Facsimile of One-Ounce PaOet, Archer's Golden Returns The Porfcction of Pipe Tobacco. COOl.. SWEET AVY) rliCRAJtT.
HEOLYCYW NOTES AND TIEWS. It (By SILURIAN.) I One much regrets to note that there is no immediate prospect of the uplifting of the Endustrial cloud in which Heolycyw and dis- trict have been enshrouded since the kindling of the European conflagration in the first week in August. Only 24 men or so are now engaged at Brynwyth and Spion Kop Collier- ies, where 600 or 700 were formerly engaged, and the readers will appreciate the loss this must necessarily mean all round. General and deserved sympathy in tho r difficulties is felt with the Hedley's Collieries Co., Ltd., who have always been acknowledged as among the best employers of labour in South I Wales, and to whom the community of Heoly- cyw is indebted for man a kindness. The name of Mr. E. Hall Hedley, J.P., will be revered here for many a day, and if good wishes avail anything, his sun will not set in gloom. Fortunately, all the workmen form- erly employed there, have by now found em- ployment elsewhere. There are already from 20 to 30 vacant houses in the village, and until Brynwyth and Spion Kop restart, which may not take place till the conclusion of the war, the number will probably gradu- ally increase. At this stagnant time in the history of our parish the local overseers find it necessary to levy t,he unprecedented rate of 5s. 6d. in the 9, as compared, according to the "Gaz- ette" of last week, of 3s. 3d. for the adjoin- ing parish of Brynna, which has, to say the Least, everyth'ng which Coychurch Higher has for its money. One hears that attempts are being made to blind the ratepayers by at- tributing this rate of 5s. 6d., which is pro- bably the highest for any rural parish of this kind in Glamorgan, and indeed a-U Wales, to the County Council. It should be borne <n mind, however, that the County Council's eails on all parishes in Glamorgan are the same in proportion. The cause of the high rate, must, therefore, be sought for nearer home than the County Council, and he who has eyes to see need not be long in discover- ing the cause. Though Heolycyw has done much better than some similar villages, yet one cannot be satisfied with the number of men it has so far sent to the colours in this hour of our coun- try's supreme need. As far as I know, at the time of writing 36 have enlisted, and I .!8k you to publish the names of these heroes, who, if necessary, will sacrifice their lives, and no one can do more, for the honour and freedom of our beloved country. Here is the roll of honour, arranged alphabetically, and not according to date of en))stment:- Sid- ney Adams, R. E. Andrews, F. T. Bate- man. D. Campbell, Isaac Chillcot, P. Evans, T. M. Evans, S. Gregory, G. Gundrv. J. L. Hawkins, J. Harris, S. Harris, W. Harris, W. Howe (killed in action), A. Howe, S. Howe, J. Holt, S. Holt, J. Jones, J. Jordan, T. Kane, E. Lake, M. Lewis, I Mort. M. J. Murphy, W. Parsons, H. Pc-pe, F. Prosser, F. Roberts, E. G. Scurlock (killed in action), W. R.. ?c?rlSck' F. Smith, W. Smith, W. Wakefield. I. Warren, S. Warren. I hope to add cons derably to the above list in the near future. May it never be said of the man- hood of Heolycyw and Coychurch Higher that it lacks courage to go to its country's feacuo. Since writing the foregoing, I am glad to learn that several young men from Khiwceiliog, in the eastern end of the parish have enlis and left for North Wales and other centres. « Mr. H. V. Thornley presided on Monday evening over a well-attended meeting held at New Bethel, Heolycyw, to consider the ques- tion of organising a movement in the village and pa.rish to render some help. however small, to the Belgian Refugees. The Chair- man struck the proper key in his opening re- marks, which were emphasised by Messrs. J. Rees, C.C., W. Howell, D.C.. and I. > Jones, Chairman of Pencoed Parish Council, in able addresses. Briefly, the result of the meeting was the formation of a Belgian Refugees' Relief Committee consisting of 37 members. This committee met later and elected Messrs. H. V. Thornley, G. Withington, J. Evans and W. D. Jones, as chairman, vice-chair- man, secretary and treasurer respectively, with an executive of ten to co-operate with the officials in making all necessary arrange- ments for housing and maintaining a small party of refugees at Heolycyw at the earliest possible date. I HEOLYCYW QUERIES. I w no Killed lock Robin on Tuesday, the Srd inst? Will the Heolycyw Drama-tic Company be ready to give a public performance on Christ- mas evening? Why a.re Heolycyw ratepayers' burdens added to while those of others are lightened on account of the tremendous drain the war makes in the country? Is .not a 5s. 6d. rate in a parish such as Coychurch Higher a sufficient reason for try- ing the expedient of giving out all necessary work by contract? Should not Heolycyw a.nd Heol Laethog, with their population of 1,000 send .at least 100 valiant men to the colours?
I TALE NOTES. i I (By PELA-GIUS.) I 1 With gloomy deans and dismal ministers preaching sermons full of forebodings that this war is the judgment of God on France and England for their insobriety, robbery, and infidelity, it gives the people encourage- ment and faith in the justice of God to hear the discourses of ministers who believe in the inherent goodness of the masses, even if the masses err often from the path of righteous- ness. What a fine note the speakers at the re- cruiting meeting struck when with one voice they sang: "No party, no class, no creed, but as a united nation we wage this war" I 8 Alderman David's wish that the bitter party spirit is now for ever dead, found ready echoes. But many faces generally seen in party meetings were missed, and it drew from a gentleman who for years has helped at party meetings the remark: "I fear the danger to England is not yet realised at Llantwit, for I miss people who always attend at meetings of the different political parties." w w To them the danger to their liberty is a myth, and a German invasion impossible, and they do not realise how disastrous to them a German victory would be. < Universal sympathy is felt in the Vale I with Mrs. Mervyn Crawshay and the late gallant Captain's father and mother at his death while defending his country's honour in the battle line. Private W. H. Mitford, 2nd Devon,s writ- ing from the trenches to his wife, on the 6th inst., says: "I have just seen Captain Owen Crawshay in the firing line." < May that gallant gentleman escape the fate of his brother, and return to Llantwit safe and decorated with honours, is the sin- cere wish of all who know him.
AEROPLANE NEAR LLANTWIT I MAJOR. ATTRACTS MUCH ATTENTION. I What was in all probability an aeroplane made its appearance near Barry on Thursday night. Crossing the Channel from the Eng- lish coast, it was first seen about mid-night off Llantwit Major, and thence moved up- wards in the direction of Aberthaw, where it hovered steadily for some time, and was both seen and heard quite distinctly, subsequently passing away in a westerly direction. The aircraft was seen in its B. ght by a large num- ber of persons, and attracted a good deal of excitement and interest.
Up-to-Date Appliances for t, ning out I every class of work at competitive vices, at the "Glamorgan Gazette" Printing iiorks.
-ENE= u_ R_- II 80 ouo 000 I Gold Reserve in the Bank of England. I Asquith at the Guildhall, this week. I I 8,000 Stealers constantly at worlf I I That is why we are ablr, to-day. to have such Large and Varied Stock j iij I at our command. ￼ ￼ Another Huge Consignment of Ladies' Coats and Costumes just arrived 'i ? from the keenest markets in Europe. Hundreds to select from. ￼ ￼ MiHinery Department New selection of Smart Ladies' Hats and Blouses. I J I Just arrived this week. 8 JONES & BEYNON, I ￼ General Drapers and Milliners, MAESTG. j | j j — The Noted Shop for Dependable Goods. j
COURT COLMAN HOUSE. A FINE STATELY MANSION. FORMERLY A MANOR OR GRANGE HELD UNDER MARGAM ABBEY. (By Mr. T. M. PRICE, Late of Boverton). There are few more attractive or charming country mansions in the county of Glamorgan than Court Colman House, the fine, stately re- sidence of Captain W. Herbert Clydwyn Llewellyn, J.P.; yet it is one of the least known in historical records and to the general public-and what is true to-day appears to have been true a century or more ago, for we find that the numerous historians and topo- graphers who toured and travelled through South Wales in large numbers during the latter part of the 18th century and in the early part of the 19th century, and who gener- ally had an eye to notable historical houses, appear to have passed it by, apparently un- noticed or possibly without being aware of its existence save in one particular instance. Proceeding from Bridgend to Pyle on the Great Western Railway, just a short distance beyond Bridgend the railway takes a turn in a north-westerly .direction, winding along the pretty valley to avoid Newcastle Hill; and a couple of miles further on the way towards Pyle the railway takes a bend round in a south-westerly direction, and here, to the right and northern side of the line, is a pretty little valley extending to the hills beyond in the distance. Pleasantly situated on the eastern slope of this little valley, set well back and above the level, stands Court Colman House. Travellers or tourists, keeping a sharp look out from the train, may catch a glimpse and bird's eye view across several hundred yards of pic- turesque greensward of the stately front of this fine old Georgian mansion called Court Colman. Similar to most of the larger man- sions or manor houses in the county of Gla- morgan, it is delightfully set against a charm- ing sylvan background, and faces nearly due south. It is well sheltered on the north and eastern side by lofty hills and some venerable old trees, many of which were probably planted ages ago and soon after the present stately mansion was erected. There are two roads leading from Bridgend to Court Colman—one known as the new road, which winds along up the Ogmore Valley for about a mile, and then turns to the left through the pretty little village of Penyfai; but the older road, if more arduous and diffi- cult for pedestrians, is much more picturesque and interesting, for it takes you right over the crest of the hill by Newcastle, and thence down a long slope ot bare hill, where it joins the new road at Penyfai Village. The eastern entrance lodge to the mansion at Court Col- man is in the village of Penyfai, the pretty drive being flanked at its entrance on the one side by the magnificent, picturesque church of Penyfai, and by the school on the opposite side. From' here about half a mile of undu- lating roadway leads to the inner lodge, bor- dered on the one side of the Roadway with rock, plants and creepers on a sloping wall, and on the other by a fine broad border of Rose of Sharons. Westward of the inner entrance lodge the drive is bordered by a long, neatly designed rockery upon its northern side. Pass- ing beneath a group of fine old forest trees, you emerge upon the terrace before the mansion, and from here a dainty prospect and pic- turesque scene is revealed. Looking down the pretty valley, the ground falls away steeply to the south-west, where the streamlet that clatters at the bottom of the ravine has been dammed up so as to form a miniatur/s lake. Oil every side, to right and left, the vegetation is of the most luxuriant character, and in addition to our own native trees, a charming variety of shade has further been added by the planting of Wellingtonia ( and Irish yew trees. No dwelling houses are > near to mar the pretty scene. The busy rail- f way line is well hidden by some lofty and stately trees, and further beyond, on the oppo- site side of the valley is a range of bare hill that adds a pleasing sense of wildness to the pretty romantic scenery surrounding the man- sion. I LANDMARKS IN ITS HISTORY. An old sundial which is fixed over the centre of the main front of Court Colman bears an inscription, which states that the present mansion was erected by H. Rees, Esq. in the year 1766; but this does not signify or in- dicate the beginning of things. The numerous old trees which fringe the sloping lawns on the eastern side of the mansion conceal from view a large and wonderfully productive walled garden of various fruits and vegetables. At the extreme end or upper end of this wall is an ancient stone gateway of Tudor mould, and over the top of it are inscribed the initials F.T. while in its spandrels is the inscribed date 1638 —which is direct evidence of the fact that the house which H. Rees erected in 1766 was on or near the site of a previous older house in 1638, as the date implies. At the western end of the present mansion the ground descends very steeply, and here, above a pretty waterfall, is an old ruin which may be described as a "sham ruin," in which there are several old windows of a distinctly Tudor type or style. These old Tudor relics were found lying bout in various unused corners near the mansion. Many other interesting points are to be noted. Among these is the fact that the wall | in the present mansion betwixt the library and the study is fully 6ft. in thickness. It is very improbable that any 18th century builder would have erected a wall of such immense thickness and solidity in such a house, and j there appears to be little doubt that this old wall is undoubtedly in reality the old original outer wall of the Tudor House ages ago. Previous to some extensive alterations at Court Colman which were made by the late Mr. R. W. Llewellyn, J.P., father of the pre- sent owner, in the years 1906-7-to which I shall refer in a subsequent article—there might have been seen in the eastern gable end of the house two or three quaint old Tudor windows. It is regrettable from an antiquarian point of view that these old Tudor relics were not pre- served and retained when these alterations and renovations were executed. I FORMERLY A MANOR HOUSE OR GRANGE UNDER MARGAM ABBEY. I History tells us that Court Colman was formerly held as a manor or grange under Margam Abbey a few centuries ago; and after the dissolution of the monasteries in the 16th century during the reign of Henry VIII., 1532- 34, it was held under the 1.;p)"1 family of Margam Abbey. When the oi-'r'n house was first erected, and who were definitely the ear- lier occupiers, there is meagre or little evidence to prove from old historical records, but we find that a family of Thomas, descendants of the Thomas family of Llanmihangel Place, an old Tudor Manor House, near Cowbridge, were connected with Court Colman as lessees if not actual owners, from the reign of Queeft Eliza- beth, 1558-1603, to about the middle of the 17th century, and the initials F.T." over the an- cient Tudor gateway at Court Colman, al- ready referred to, very probably refer to Francis Thomas, a member of the Thomas family, who resided at Llanmihangel Place, near Cowbridge, in the 16th and 17th centuries. At some period of the Civil Wars, during the reign of Charles I. (1625-49), the property appears to have passed into other hands, and John Watkins, a member of an old Brecon- shire family, settled himself and took up his residence at Court Colman, which, with other valuable property, had been conferred upon him by Colonel Philip Jones, of Fonmon Castle, near Barry, as a reward and recogni- tion of his and his father's attachment to the Parliamentary Cause led by Oliver Cromwell. John Watkins was the elder son of William Watkins, of Penyrwrlodd in Llanigon, in the county of Breconshire, who was an active par- tisan and prominent officer in the army of the Parliamentary Party led by Cromwell against that hapless, ill-fated monarch Charles I. William Watkins was one of the strenuous and zealous propagators or supporters of Cromwell and his gospel in South Wales during the Civil Wars. After the death of William Watkins, his son, John Watkins, resigned, and left Court Colman and other property in Glamorganshire to his younger brother, and removed to Brecon- shire, his native county. His descendants sold Penywrlodd, his residence in Breconshire. Benjamin Watkins, the younger son of William Watkins, of Penyrwrlodd, Brecon- shire, by Alice, daughter of James Pritchard, of Campstone, near Monmouth (gent), suc- ceeded to Court Colman. He died in the year 1703, leaving a family of nine children by his wife Mary, daughter of John Bennett (gent), of Laleston, near Bridgend. Mary Bennett, one of the daughters, married Miles Basset, of Bonvilston, near Cardiff, in 1697. STORY OF A LOST WILL. I As years rolled on, we find in the year 1782 that the Watkins family or their descendants had setlled themselves in New York, U.S.A., and had at this period sold nearly all their valuable property to various persons in the I county of Glamorgan, and Court Colman had been acquired some years previously by Hopkin Rees, Esq., representative of an old local family descended in the male line from Einen ap Collwyn, representing an ancient lineage in Wales. Mr. Hopkin Rees served the office of Sheriff of Glamorgan County in 1736. He mar- ried Florence, one of the seventeen children of Edward Thomas, of Tregroes, a relative of Francis Thomas, Llanmihangel Place, previ- ously mentioned, and died in 1758. aged 71. His eldest son, Hopkin Rees, died in the year 1780, aged 51, and was succeeded by William Rees, who died without issue in 1820. Al- though it was definitely known that the late Mr. William Rees had made a will, no trace of his will could anywhere be found after his death. It was generally thought and suspected that his widow had probably concealed it for reasons best known to herself; and certain of his immediate relatives who had fully expec-tpd to benefit largely under his will (including three local magnates or squires who were in- fluential men of social position in the county), attempted to exhume the coffin a few davs after I the funeral. Robert Thomas, of Glyn, heir at law of William Rees, died in 1837. Subse- quently, by an arrangement between the widow and the heir at law, Robert Thomas, the estates were sold. The estates comprised a large area of lands in the parishes of Coy- church, Newcastle, Oldcastle, Llanilid, Llan- 1, gan, St. Mary Hill, Monknash, Marcroey, and several other places within the county of Gla- » morgan. It was at this period that Court Colman mansion and lands passed by purchase into the hands of the Llewellyn family, who still retain possession of it. to-day. (TO BE CONTINUED).
5 I TO Farmers and Stock-breeders. As all sorts of Grain and Meal are likely to be very high m price this season owing to the War having entirely stopped the export of Barley. Maize and Oats from Russia and Germany, we would direct the attention of all Farmers and Stock-breeders to excellent substitutf s which are to be found in BRAN AND SHARPS. 'I, I These are splendid feeds for all kinds of Stock and are likely to be far cheaper than any oth: r article. They are rich in nutriment, are good aids to digestion, and also have high i|j manurial value. [ I The Bran and Sharps manufactured by WEAVER & Co., Ltd., Swansea, are of the best quality, and buyers would do well to place their oiders with their Merchants for a regular Ir ¡ supply of WEAVERS BRAN & SHARPS WEAVER & Co., Limited, SWANSEA.
PENSIONS FOR DEPENDENTS GOVERNMENT'S SCHEME. d RANGES FROM 7/6 TO 23 6. i iii The Government scheme regarding pen- sions to be granted to sailors and soldiers and their dependents is being awaited with keen anxiety. It is rumoured that their pros- posals will be somewhat on the following lines: — widows without children 7s. 6d. to 12s. 6d. at the discretion of the old age pension officer, who is to act as referee in such cases. in suc h (?ases. WDmen with children are to receive con- stderabty highti- rates, vix: 5s. for the first child, 2s. Gd. for each subsequent child up to f four, and then 2s. per child. Thus a woman [ with tour children will L,,et Li. ti,- old age pension officer has discret ion to gra nt I up to 25%. If s he marries again sh? will get ??. and the aHowances to the children will be continued. A (k?scd man's pay 's to be continued to ? h)s widmr for 26 weeks after his death. Men totally disabled will receive.' including insurance benefits, in the case of single men, Ll Is. 6d. per week, and in the ease of mar- ried men increased allowancps in accordance with the size of their families. j The maximum scale for partial disable- || ment' has been substantially raised. Provision is to be made for the dependents [ of deceased men. including grandparents, |I parents, brothers and sisters. ° The State iP to undertake a proportion of I the cost of maintaining the soldier's children, j which he now b-c,im out of his pny. that Is. ,v h at is sevenjwu-e per week per child! In other I the of a man with o"? child will get • .eyenperce per week extra, from State; two children. Is. 2d.: three c-li ildr.pn. 1s. Ðt1.; four children, 2s. 4d. etc. "Whether this forecast i« correc4' remri'ns to be '••'•en. and it is useless tr. f'm^er't upon it I until it is known whether the/; are the de- I finite proposals.
BORWICK'S AS GOOD AS POWDER NO ￼ ?POWDER 'N PR'CF The Best BAKING POWDER irv the World. I
(Continued from previous column.) I ADJOURNED. I Josiah Crowley, of Caerau, was charged with having left his wife and child chargeable to the Bridgend Guardians since November 3rd. Warrant Officer Thomas gave evidence of the woman going to the Workhouse, but said he had since ascertained from prisoner that the wife had sold the home up, and when he found accused he had three children with him. Under those circumstances he did not wish to press the charge, but suggested the case should be adjourned for a month to enable the man to take the woman and child from the Work- house and repay the Guardians the amount ex- pended on them. I The man agreed to these conditions, and the case was accordingly adjourned.