f WELSH FOLK-SONG. MR HARRY EVANS AND WELSH t COMPOSERS. i- Lecturing before the Denbigh Iiitorary and social Society on Friday evening on "Welsh folk-songs," with Mr R. E. Hughes, Ang'uorfa, in the chair, Mr Harry Evans, F.R.C.O., said it astonishing how the professional singers of 'Wales, with the notable exception of the "four ^avies's," had ignored their national songs, ■^hey had no idea of the beauty which such J songs possessed in the hands of such skiiled ^ocaiisrts as those ho had mentioned. They had woon too long under the swav of the hymn- lunes (hear, hear). The hymn-tune in Wales had rped the place of the national song, and it *3 hoped to seo the time when those hymn- junes would no longer be hawked about at fairs, ootball matches, railway carriages, and eistedd- forl platforms (loud applause). Speaking of the characteristics of Welsh fciusic, Mr Evans said its chief was its emotional strength. As a nation, however, they had been so long in the wilderness, they had wailed and "loaned to such an extent, that it had come to h n™0!' tunes must of necessity o Welsh; and the overburdening of the hymn by minor key tunes was one of the reasons for th w ^a,llacy (h°ar, hear). It had been said of Welshman that he was never so happy as When miserable (laughter), and especially when sjfging funeral tunes (renewed laughter). It was l"c swing and the spirit of the tune that made »u the difference m the world, and any emo- «onal musician knew at once that certain tunes woreWeish and could only be written and sung by Welsh people (applause). One could undergo ho' ^Painful experience, musically, than to nnfr-, Aberystwyth" sung in England. It waa os its home. It could only be sung by Wrebh- a( m3' ai a'ea> where it breathed the same and cou!d bc brought up in the soil sc titted to receive it. j ferririg to tlie works of Welsh composers, _r sPyaking with due regard to the importance ,!c subject, Mr Evans said that in spite of 0 fact of their being considered a great musi- dan, n^it'on there still remained one most tp SmS fact. When asked what.Jiad the -sti nation contributed to the world's great would have to answer "Nothing," n r.ie si1;nplo reason that it had contributed vi\ | that had gone outside the borders of »n u gfTat music had 1)0011 Produced, it u a have gone abroad—nothing could have Peventcd it. The monotony of style, together lith the paucity of rhythmic force and origin- 1 y» to bo found in the works of W^elsh com- am61^ anc* was'ono °f them (laughter)—was in view of the wealth of style and 'Jthm to be found in Welsh national folk-songs ud applause). This was due perhaps to the prevalence of the hymn-tune. As a nation they had got into a narrow groove. People clamoured for "wailing" music, with the result tfeat Welsh composers had given way and had met the de- mand. Who ever heard of dance music being written by a Welsh composer? (laughter). In fact, Welshmen had been so long' dawdling in the same narrow groove of music that whole. avenues ha.d become closed to them. Tho material, how- ever, was at hand; the hour, too, was here, and it now wanted the man or the woman to do the work (applause). Welsh solo singers for example, were notoriously weak in rhythm; they preferred to loll and dawdle over the notes in order to show off the voice. They had lost their art in respect of rhythm and counterpoint, but seemed to have retained the happy-go-lucky style of irre- spon.iibility (applause and laughter). This made liim think that there was an extraordinary gap between the soloists of the present day and the jolly c'd pennillion singers of days gone by. The lecturer concluded by recommending the Welsh Folk-song Society as one doing excellent work and one worthy of every snpport. During the lecture Mr Evans received material assistance from Miss Tregonning Townsend, who sang several of the old Welsh songs and ballads referred to by Mr Evans, who jiaid her a well- descrving tribute.
REFUSED FOR LIFE INSURANCE BEFORE USING BOAH'S PillS. PASSED BY TWO DOCTORS AFTERWARDS. ?: 1 'I 't¡l\ '?" Air. IVIn. Walker, of Braefoot Place, Vouglas, Lanark. N.B., who says:- "When I was stooping over at my work some 1 years ago I was suddenly seized with a violent pain m my back. It oamtplet.ely onipplo-d me, and I had to be helped homo; I couldn't walk "During the next week or two I grew rapidly ^orse. The water was sandy and difficult to although there was a repeated desire to relievo the bLadder, and I had to keep getting up in tihe night. What w'Cv these disturbances OLtd. backache and rheumatic pains, I never -knew what it was to ject a goc-d- night's sleep. "I took bottle after bottle of the doctor's medi- but it was doing' me 110 good, and for iVce months I had to be idle, without any in- Some—a serious matter for me, as I arii a man- ned man with four cltj)dteii. "I was in a nviaorablo. frame of mind, feeling hlPopen'ooto reed about Doan's Backache Kidney ^ppenod to readabout- Doan's Backache Kidney "ills. I thought I might aa weil try them, and to my great relief they soon seamed to be doing Ine good. My back wasn't so bad, I could stoop mMe easily, and the limbj weren't so stiff &nd rheumatic. The, water began to get clearer, and as I kept on with the pills tiiey gradually fetmoved every trace of the kidney complaint and bladder weakness. "That was EIGHTEEN MONTHS AGO Ilov'l and ever since then there lias been no sign of my old trouble, and I have been k^epinig_ a,t work regularly. I get u,p every morning feeling fit and well, and thinik nothing of the eight miles I have to walik c-i-ch day, I owe my life to Doan's Pills, and oannot pr-a-ise them too highly. r "Shortly before my breakdown I went to a -======= doctor to be examined for Life Insurance, but -'===:=' r a careful examination he said I had id- -===========-==-=-=: isease, and he could not pass me. For ygg-rsr before that I had been troubled occasion- -=:===-=-==-=-==-=- y with pains in my back, and many a time jftor starting out for work I have had to give Jjp and come heme. My eyes, too, used to_ be baggy when I got up in the mornings, and my fget swelled a great deal. -LSinre Doan's Backache Kidney Pills cuTed -_u_- -==-=-==-=-=- 5y>, I have aga-in been examined for Life In- surance, by two doctors, and have didly both times, although the water was care- fuü; tested for any trace of kidney disease. I -=-====.=.= jffli now insured with aw oU-known Insurance Office and two Friendly Societies. (Signed) "WILLIAM WALKER." No Medioal Examiner will pass anyone for In- surance who htus the least trace of kidney dis- or every doctor knows how serious this disease is, and how treacherously kidixy poisons ■attack every vital organ of tho body. Sarno of the symptoms tha.t should make you your kidneys are: Occasional twinges of '■hcumaUsm, backache, urinary disorders, the ap- Pearauoe of watery circles under the eyoj, puffy fcmkles, cod hands and fec-t, gravel, and u. con- stant drowsy feeling. you have any of these symptoms, begin a tJiorouigh course of Do-un's Backache Kidney ieiiis, and at the same time do ail you can to the tone of the system by rlriot attention to diet and the laws of health. Doan's Pitls stand the highest beoause of their lasting cures 0.£ oven serious eases of kidney 2 9d a box, 6 boxes 13s 9d; of ala dealers, or tireot, post free, from the Foster-MoCiellan Co., 8. Wells-street, Oxford-street. London, W. Be sure you get the same pills a3 Mr Walker had.
DR. LLOYD WILLIAMS (BANGOR) IN MANCHESTER. "Welsh Folk-songs" was also the subject of the Manchester Welsh National Society's meeting on Friday evening, when Dr. Lloyd Williams, of Bangor, gave another interesting lecture. He referred to Mr Frank Kidson's article on Welsh music in the new Dictionary of Music and Musi- cians, and said that the conclusions formed by Mr Kidson regarding the value of the older col- lections were very similar to those advanced bv the lecturers of the Welsh Folk-song Society, though some of the statements regarding so-called "doubtful airs" undoubtedly required further investigation. The lecturer gave some amusing instances of the difficulties of collecting old folk- songs A part of a song would be discovered in North Wales, another part probably in South Wales. One version was discovered in one part of tha country and a different \ersion in another. A melody first recorded in Anglesey was sent in, in a slightly different form, from Llanellv, and afterwards from Llanishen, near Cardiff. Newly recovered folk-songs of various types were de- scribed, special attention being given to the large number of songs in which birds fig-ured, the black- bird, the cuckoo, the dove, and the seagull figur- ing- most frequently. Instances were Z, given of game songs, "goat-counting" songs, cumulative songs, question and answer songs, old dance melo- dies, and a curious miller's action-song. The lec- turer dwelt upon the symmetry of form displayed, even when the songs were archaic in tonality. A small party sang a number of arranged folk- melodies. Mr Llew Hughes sang "Y Glomen" and "Y Deryn Du," and Mr Francis Williams gave an effective rendering of "Yr hen wr mwyn." Mr J. G. Jones, Moss Side, presided over a large audience. The next meeting will be held on November 13th, when Mr S. Maurice Jones, Car- narvon, will give his lecture on "Homes of Some Famous Welshmen."
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. The hospitality of our columns is extended to correa. pondents who wish to ventilate any legitimate grievanca in connection with political and religious topics, or oa Other matters of public interest, the Editor reserving to himself the right to delete portions of any conimuiii- Mtion which he thinks necessary in the interests oi the paper and its reaaers. The Editor does not necessariiy agree with the opin. ion expressed by correspondents, whose names and address must accompany their comJUunication. II this is not (lone the letter will not be inserted.
COLWYN BAY COUNTY SCIIOOIi CONTROVERSY (To the Editor of the "Pioneer.") Sir,—I see in your article on the subject of the proposed County School for Colwyn Bay you state tliftt Mr Ramsey, when speaking at tho meeting, held on Thursday last, advised those present to petition the Board of Education to reject the scheme. How this statement came to be made in the face of the report of Mr Rurnsey's speech in the same issue, I cannot understand. The fcpeakor merely suggested a means of op- posing the scherrio if the ratepayers disapproved of it, and stated plainly it was a matter for them to decide for themselves whether they would op- pose it or not. My immediate obejet in drawing attention to the matter is this:—It is being stated by friends of the Ratepayers' Association that the Executivo Committee of the Association have taken up a hostile attitude towards the proposed new County School. Had they done so, I should be the first to condemn them, but as chairman of the meet- ing of that committee, at which it was decided to ask Mr Rumsey to speak, I can say this sug- gestion is quite untrue. The committee felt that, the matter was an important one, and that the ratepayers were quite in the dark as to the advantages or other- wise of the proposed scheme (as indeed were j the committee themselves) and their sole object in asking Mr Rumsey to touch en the subject was that the ratepayers might have information n on the subject, and decide for themselves whether they would support or oppose it. I am very anxious that the public should be under no misapprehension as to the action of the Ratepayers' Association in this matter, and shall be glad if you will therefore kindly pub- lish this letter in your next issiie.-I am, yours truly, BERNARD LOWE. Croakley, Old Colwyn, October 27th, 1910. [Our report of that part of Mr Rumsev's speech referred to by Mr Bernard Lowe was "as follows: "As an outsider, he suggested that owing to tho financial position of affairs in the town it bchored them not to spend any more money upon those schools. If the local district education committee had made up their minds that that scheme was going through he suggested that thero should be a petition sent up to the Board of Education giving reasons why the rate- payers opposed, it. They had now in the Rate- payers' Association an organisation that could father the petition. He mado the suggestion, but, of course, it lay with them to decide." We "^iY C p^'jSU worc'li iustify our inference.—Ed.
(To the Editor of the "Pioneer.") Sir,—I tliink you deserve the thanks of Col- wyn Bay people for your leader last week upon the Colwyn Bar County School question. I at. tended the meeting convened by the .&I Association, and having, as a man in tho street, given some little attention to the negotiations in regard to the proposed elevation of tho Cohvyn Bay school I could not, but foel that the Rate- payers' Association were playing right into tho nanda of the Abergele people, and seriously en- dejigering the interests of the community they are supposed to represent. In my opinion it was a great mistake to seek the guidance of an English eduoa,tioniaiist upon a Welsh intermediate school question. Surely it is Wales that Should! teech England, in socom- dary scihool matters. It will 00 time enough for us to go to England for help when the English people have shown some capacity to run their own intermediate sdhools. May I put this qu-estiom to the Association ? Is it a fact that the gentleman whoml they invited to guide us in this very important matter is personally associated with an English private Hchool? If that is true, and I "have ground to behove it is true, I maintain that he waa not, even for that clause alone, the best of coun- selors upon this question. Before they enter into such matters the. Asso- ciation should consider the serious possibilities of their action, and I hope they will make what preparation they can in connection with this question before It is too late.—Yours truly, NEMO.
FOOTBALL! FOOTBALL! The Football Special" will be on sale at local Newsagents to-morrow (Saturday) night. It will contain all the result^ of English and North Wales matches.
The St. Petersburg oornesspAndicmt of the "Times" says :-Tho editors of the "Novoe Vrormya" and the "Russkoe Zuaanya" havo been cOiajrged with liigh treason, for reprodiie- ijug- from a BaJtic Proviiaioo journall particu- lates regarding the fortifications on the coast. The maximum punatftomeaiit for the offeaoe is eight years' hard labour.
OLD COLWYN AGRICUL- TURAL SOCIETY. REPLY TO A "PIONEER" CORRESPONDENT. A meeting of the Management Committee of the OM Colwyn ajid District Agricultural So- ciety waa held at the Murine Hotel, on Monday evening. Mr Ghas. Reynolds (the treasurer) drew at- tention to a letter signed "A Memlber" w!iiioh fc,re,d isi a. rects»b issue of the "Pioneer, tho fcn.i-J'wn which was contcii.etl in tie opening #e?<<ence: "Perhaps ycii, or ssciso of your readers, can kindly a/nswer the following :—If it takeo two wftoLs to pTeiparo and the baiaruoe-sftieet of the National Eisteddfod, how iong is it going to take to prepare -and publish, (he balance-sheet cf tlie Old Oolwyn Agricultural Show held early July?" Mr Reymods said that in the first place it was not tho action of a gentleman to write anonymously (hoar, hear). Again, the year of tho Society did; not end until Decemlber, &nd it was therefore impossible to make up a final balance-sheet when there was stilt money that had net been paid in (hear, hear). The poison who wrote evidently did not know much about sucJi thittgs, for the Eisteddfod balance- sheet not out yet, and would not be out for some time. A rough baknoe-sli&or. had been drawn up by tho E-istedidiod1 Committee, and a rough bala.nce-abect had likewise been drawn up by the Agricultural Show Conmii&tee. He (thought the letter was the mere outcome of spite, because the secretary or the treasurer could al- ways chows a statemeat- di. accoumte to any mem- ber who ariked for it (hear, hear). Mr Rey- nolds added thafcithcy bad :827 15s 3d balance in hand at present. lIe put it to the meeting whether ■thiey shouid answer the letter or ignore it. The meeting unanimously decided to ignore the letter because it was not properly signed. Mr Borthwick said tha idtia of iwoduci'as a baLa-nce-sheet then was abiui'd, for '\n'0 business- man thought of drawing up his balance-sheet in the middle of his business year." lie thought they had a secretary and treasurer who under- stood tdi& r business, and 1);3 proposed a vote of confidence ill both of them. This was seconded by Mr Wood, supported by the Chairmen, and carrriod unanimously. Mr Reynolds announced that tho money al- lowed to the secretary for his expenses was in- suffifneient, and he proposed that another 7s 6d ehouid be a-ddtd to the amount. This was agreed to. Mr Martin Smith (the hon. secretary) said some miaunderstanding had coouarred at the show in Jul v. Air David Morris 'ood a sheep eta ml oil i-dia field, and as the charge for siich exhibits 10S 6d he (the seer&tary) had subtracted t.hat ainount from Mr Morris' prizo mon.ey. Mr Morriis protested, saying that Mr Pendlebury had told hini to put the rack on the field. Mr Pendiebury said ho had seen Mr Morris, and asked him to bring his sheep stand on the fieid. He had rofusedi. a;j he did not wis^i to pay the 10s 6d. Mr Pendiebury, who wanted to make the show ground look as well as possible, told him he could have it free. He was sorry there bad boon a misTLindanstanding, and: he offered to pav tlio 10s 6d. Mr Martin" Smith said Me Morris had agreed to pay, but if he did he would not enter any- tihing in next yoar's show, -,N,h.eh would be a loss to ithem.. It was finally agreed to let the matter dro-p. It wn de'ciidod to arrange the annual dinner cbout the second week in January at the Marino Hotel. Mr Martin Smith then proi>osed that, a.s the members of the Society were not brought much together during the winter, they ehouid promote a few smoking ooncerts, but not at the expense of .the Society. The idea waa approved, and it was resolved that steps should bo taken with that object in view. AMAT AT
COLWYN BAY. CREDITABLE PERFORMANCE OF "THE MSKADO." Miss Lena Thomas, of Capri, TVIIO has mani fested a keen practical interest in amateur opera- tics at Colwyn Bay during the past two or three years, presented "The Mikado" at the Pier Pavilion on Tuesday evening, and, though the performance was not so successful on this as on previous occasions, she and her friends are to be commended upon a creditable interpretation of a somewhat exacting work. Some of the principal parts were less well filled than hitherto, and the chorus, particularly the male section, was numeri- cally and vocally weak. Nevertheless, on the whole the entertainment was a thoruoghly enjoyable one. Mr Thornly Dodge was again the director of opera- tions and at the same timo the leading performer. No more amusing an interpretation of the Lord High Executioner's part than his could be de- sired. In manner, voice and speech his was a masterly performance. He was splendidly sup- ported as Poo-B:;h (Lord High Everything Else) by Mr A. E. Bird, one of tho cleverest amateur actors yet seen in this locality. Mr Bird has tho actor's temperament and, blessed with an excep- tionally good memory, ho is able to memorise his lines perfectly. His articulation is also excellent, and he lacks nothing in tho way of self-possession. Mr Bird undoubtedly made tho bit of the even- ing. Mr W, O. Roberta one of the best of local vocalists, did not do himself justice in his now role. His Pish-tush was too mechanical, but in the "Ding-dong" quartette his excellent voice was heard to advantage. Mr W. Hughes did fairly well as Nanki-Poo, a. good knowledge al his lines and songs counterbalancing a weak though pleas- ing voice. Mr G. C. Skelsey as tho Mikado at- tained some nscasuro of success. Amongst the ladies Miss May Thomas as Yum-Yum was tho most successful, though Miss Elsie Crowther and Miss Louie Clark got as much out of their some- what thankless parts as could be expected. Miss Lena Thomas represented Katisha with charac- teristic caro. Tho following took part in the chorus work :—■ Misses May Clarke, Amy Croker, Dorothy Davies, Ruth Gregory, Violet Harrison, Jennie Jones, Gladys Ll.yd, Clara Miller, Vera Malam, Laura Morgan, Elsie Potter, Kate Roberts, Mario Ro- berts, Nellie Smith, Mary Sager, Jennie Sager, Gladys Tozer, Lilla Trinnick, Hilda Wharton, Walker, Mrs Daley; Messrs A. Bregazzi, Daven- port, Daley, E. H. Fleet, Gilham, Hulme, Has- lem Hooson, J. Roberts, Taylor, G. Madren, G. Wadge, J. 0. Williams, R. E. Williams, H. Warlow. Mr H. Lyell-Taylor, the musical director and conductor, got a considerable amount of work out of his orchestra. Mr C. Montagu Birch accompanied artistically. The opera musio had been rehearsed under the direction of Mr Arthur Simpson, and Mr F. E. Schielo (Manchester and District Band), Miss Elsie Crowther, Miss Ruth Gregory, and Mr Reynolds rendering valuable assistance as re- hearsal accompanists. The costumes (by Liberty, through Messrs Allen and Sons, Colwyn Bay, their North Wales agents) were splendid in every respect, and the staging was excellent. Mr J. Barker, CoJwyn Bay, was the peruquier. The opera attracted a very good house, and enoorc-s were frequent. A second performance was given last evening, when there was again a good attendance. This (Thursday) evening tho company will pre- sent the opera at the Grand Theatre, Llandudno.
A BOON TO ANGLEKS. RAILWAY COMPANY'S ENTERPRISE. Punch's pictures and tho j outer's sneers against the lislheraraan are of 'the past, for the airtiet and the jester have diisoovered thet fishing provides for them abo the so>mcthii^ theft a holiiafy re- quires to make it perfect. Thitty years have gone by sdnoe the railway companies sympathetically, and favourably, lis- twied to a request that tihey ahouiki give in- craasod facilities for angiera to journey to thcee stations wboro fishing could be esnjoyed, and-dux- ing that time fishers bave multiplied atp«ajce. Hundreds bave beoome thousands, and thousands tena of thousands, to wbctiii fiahin" oomoa aa a real reiHef from toil. Booka on how and where to fiali are being published with such rapidity that before one has been digested another appears, buft they are of little use to tho busy man who baa to docide quickly where to -go with a hope of %)ort for the day, or week, that gives him freedom to enjoy his hobby. So the little guide which lias j'ust boen issued by the London and North-Western Railway may wdlt be cn. aroomg tisno's wsste- preventens, for it furnishes the names of over* one hundred angling stations aind, carrying its missions to the furthest ltimit, friven the waters that may bo fished, the kind of fish "t may be looked for, and the names and addresses of those to whom to writo for further information. Those who were .amongst the first to suggest i2tat there is woaitih in the water a.nd health upon the banks of every river adjoining a rail- way will rejoice at this effort to majco the moat of both; Awl the paifbiuo generally will welcome this further proof of the London and North- Western Railway Company'A desire to remder every poesihle aid to pleasura soakem.
WELSH j CHURCH COMMISSION. SUMMARY OP THE REPORT. CONFLICT OF MEMBERS. ESTABLISHMENT PROBLEM. REMARKABLE CHURCH. GROWTH. STRENGTH OF THE SECTS. The r'iport of the Royal Conuni&sion on the Church of England and otlier religious bodies in W.al,es and Monmouthshire has now been fimal'y adjusted, sayt3 the "Dail'y Maii." Tho Oaznmis:-ioa has had to tread a thorny path. Within twelve momhs of its appoinitanent three of its roam be re reigned — Bk Samuel Evans, Dr. A. M. Fairbairn (then pcincipal of M'aaisfieid College, Oxford), and Professor lienry Jones (oÍ the University of Gca^gow). On the other hand; no sooner had the C-om- mi'i'.ion cc:nme<iiced ..ts inquiry than (sharp djffer- cnoes cf opinion uroce between the ebuiiraan and tlie No-neonicranist members, .both on tho ECOJIDO of the inquiry and the evidence whidii should 00 accepted oa tho points actuary agreed upon. Evea to the end agreement was not reaohed> wth the rcwult thait the r>i>ort will oontajn fouir memoranda stating the pointj at issue from the side of the Cbxyxih pa.rt:y on. the (Xnoe hand, and from the side of the NonoojifoirmiBio on. tiie other. In theso memoirand'a tihe stitoss of the controversy which will arbe on the report will •ueubteef.'y centre. Tiie repoit wil't probably be found to have no d) rect bearing on the question of disestablish- ment and disendtowment. 0:i this question the Co'numissione,rs pronounce no opinion, regarding it as beyond the scope of their reference, which was to liquire into the origin, nature, amount-, and a'/pideation, of tho temporalities, endow- ments, and other pix>j>9rti-ea of the Church of E-niglcmd in WaLcs and Monmouth, and into the provision made and tho work done by the churches of aQ denominations for the spiritual we of the people and the extent to which the people avail themselves of such provision. NUMBERS OF THE SECT'S. At the same time the report contains a xasm of facts and fispwes which will at once become the battl-egrcujid of tho sects. There is e- to jis-itify the oou^fcectien of the Bidhcp of Sb. David's that during recent wais the Church of England bas been prcgreesiin.g in the number of its communicants and in all the branches of it3 work, so that it is now largeir than any otluer denctminahon in Walcu. Its comtmumoaiits aT roturned at 193,081, tlie next •b-i^hc-Btb being the CoTtgregataonalsst^ wi-tb 175,313, and the Gaivinistio Methodi-iti wittJi 170.617. This tol-al, bowever, has to b3 compared with 550,566 members of N'OmoaricOTnist dtenomiina- tions and 64,600 Rocman Oathofeics, feo that the ocmimunioants of the Cihurch of England num- ber 23.7 per cent, of the total-n-umbotr of do- clared conmiumcaxta in a'il ooogregationis and churches outside the establishment. Dealing with tlie position af tlie churohes in detiail, the report pr-eij-rared by toh) ciha-'iirman, Lord Justice Vaugban WfHsamis, stales that in the four Webih dioceses there are 1059 parishes and tweaaty-fou'* other parishee 'belonging to the diocerses of Chester, Harerford, and Liohfieid, situated wholly or ^partlj- within the boundaries of Wales. W'.thin these parishes thdre are 1546 churches and 318 ri rooms, with ee-ating accommodation for 458,917. This gives the Church of England approximately one plajoo of wonship for evevy 1000 of the pQ]>ulation, and two ooal." for every nine cf the pa|Tulat,' on. The officiating clergy within the four diocecets mioiibeir 968 ineumboiits, 5&1 assistant cler.gv, and 68 others. In tbe four dieoejes again there are 2393 Suridav services n English and 1103 in W e:sh. Two hundred! and twenty-eight c#tdi-or services ,0 bilingual, but bilingual services are said to be dyiiiig out- In 389 churciie-i and m,«iion rooms only one service a Sunday as bold, in 1139 there are two servjocG, and in 216 there are more tliaai two services. The daily services number 193. REMARKABLE CHUROH GtROWTII. The total number of corwmunaoai^s in 1906 was 193,081, and the evidence of the bsbaps fhows that within recent years the inqreaeo wbicia was recorded in the number was not only in towns, and industrial districts, but n rur«l di-Aricts as well. Figures for the years subsequent to 1905 ehow that the increase is etid going on, and that the total is LOW over 195,000. The increase has been moat (remarkable in tho diocese of St. David's, being no le;s than .33,602 between 1880 and 1905. In the other diooeoo tibo inctreasea were:—St. Asaph, 10,404 within fifteen yoars; Llandaff, 24,394 within, ten. years; Ban- gor, 6731 witbin seventeen years. With regard to baptisms and oordlrmationa the figures ace quite as striking. In 1905 there we-o 21,948 baptisms, and these were not always of chiidren of Church cf England parents. The number of conformations, according to witneeftoa in the saao period, we.3 15,341. Corresponding with the growth of communi- cants and the number of confirmation-* there has also boe.n a rraat g'X)w:h c-f Sunday school sohotars and toachEts. Tbe fiigures give a tot.ai of 168,786 scholars (56,088 of wihom were over fifteen years of age) and 13,457 teachers. As an cf ihPs large growth it ds menticnod that in the- diooese of LLandaff the numbers ro-e more than 14,000 in the ten years before 1805, in St. David's the rise was 15,000 in the twenty-fivo years bctoc-c 1905. "EXPENSES OF THE CHURCH. On tlie subject of Ohiircb ertdo^-ment the Gom- miisoioners statoO that they did not think it to bo tbeir duty to ettomipt to perform the almost im- possible and very controversial task of ascertain- ing the historic iogal origin of the property wihich tho law recognises as aopr.ir.tcd to the •maintenance of the Church of Eraglarad, includ- ing ixfeqperty of eucli ancient oil gin a s gkbe land and tithes. They content tfhjeirwalves wJitii d-ralin.^ im th-i main w.tili itho nature, annomnt, ami ap- plication of fcuoh propeaty. How the ûOst of 'bu:}ding the oe.-dex dhurcbea was provided or how the aLtes came to be <aipp«r,otpri)a:ted aa ohu-roh sites itbcy shave not Ibeien ab^a to asoer- fcain, but they tftate tLiiit dusring- the last two 5i'Uaidr>ed years 'n/co^'ly aU pairL-tli dhurcb.c« an W&es bave beeoi cditber completely re-built or oomsideirably crestxjred. Gmnts Avere made by the Ghuaxlh Buiiildmg Cbnmjaasdoajiara cund the, Eoclesaasticial Commiasio^ncirs towacrvis tho biiiiidjin^ (extension air A^eatoraitioai of more than, thirty churcibee, tbe gtramts amoumtin j to more tibaea S21,000 in tbiirty-fcrur of 1:ill.e- oases. On the otbecr baind, tbe total amount of voluntary comitau'butuwiiS for bucidiirwf irmd 1)e- etoratioa in the four diooeaig edEMte 1840 is given i-n tbo diocoao-n sftatieltdos as £ 3,332,365. In this ooimesion it ds also stated that £ 82,176 was voduntaniJy provided for tihe puT- cbase of ohureihyards between 1840 .3'u<t 1906. A ilerg-o amount of money has aliso becci raiised vohwitairdily witMn aTeoemt ticrnes foL- the tepcCtioai tand /rcicjaastruto UIKIII Idf Ipiajaocuag'te boueas iz taio four dLocssca. Ttlie incum- bents have, paiid .2181,500, out of the income of tbe.iir ben-efioos;, X142,000 has bcirn eon- tributed by private bentofiactorrs through Queen Amue's Bounty -and -tbe EecliOfji ast ical Commissioners, aaid at appeared from etaitieti-cs giiven to tbe Gonunusaion that be- tween 1840 and 1906 vokintary cointributiona .amounifced to sonne £ 575 ,554. A axttum pitetpaired jomtly by the governors of QUiØffil Anme's Bounty and tba Eocleaias- tieal CoinimdsakHiwrs showed that the gflebe land fin Wales extemds to 39,017 aetres, with a rental of J243,459. Taking tbo ti-tfee ivm,t cbairgte at its value ail 1906, and deducting oarfbaim. charges on the benefices, tbo 'total gross anooone of the emdowmients of besnefioes is cni,v-m at £ 241,383. Of this sum X134,219 is income of endowments believed to ba.vc bean in exiioteiic.e In 1703, X37,378 ds tilie Aiaicome derived, from Queen Amoo's Bounty, 949,661 is the ittoome derived from tlu- EocSesnaetieal OoiTnirmsaioric'rs, £ 19,673 is ltihe imcome derived from tibe pli- Vikte gifts since 1903, aaid X452 the income derrdved f-nom true pfroceeds of tbo aale of oartama advowsons of the Itord OkaauocCfor. The Ecclesiastical Conurrissioaijars xooeived in 1906 from Wales tan iaaewnue gcarag to thcar common fund of £ 33,759, arsd 'ubev parid from the oamraon fund towards WeMi dhu-Toh purposes £ 59,366. Of tibis .217,100 vnemt to provide incomes for the Welsh baishops, .£1060 was given to archdeacons, £ 11,600 to dcians, cihaptars, and other catbcdral officers, whil.e 129,606 TTias given in the form of perpetual annual grants to supplement tbe i-ne omcs of beaiefices. The Eoclceiastiioail Commrasianipirs also amake tennparairy gTamts tovnarda the ptipands of assasfcant curaitee, amd ioi 1907 these gmamite 'aimounted to 414,770. The total gross azmraail aaicoane of the Qhufrcb Spom alll l sou/roes is thus ov £ !r £ 300,000. j I NOITOONTOEMISTS. 1 Wiitii regaird to Nomoomfannriflbs, it is pointed out that tbene are four larger do- aiominjabLcKis amd s-even smailJcr CSburcbes and in Wales, besodes the Reman Catliol-ics a-nd tbe Salvation Army. TSie statistics of tliese Ch-iucikca acre briefly sum- oiarised as fellows: j Aocom- j MtembecB. modation. j Baptists 143,955 381,405 I Oalvinasbic Methodists. 170,617 447,987 I Congregatiionalioit-s 175,313 413,421 j Wcsileyans 40,811 172,458 j SraaZier denominatious.. 19,870 76,514 j Roman Caliiolics 64,600 21,880 I Total 615,166 1,513,585 A marked feature of tbe onccmforrn^t Ghiudhcg is tbe work dona in the Sunday Schools. Tho school bas beteai inseparably bouud up with tbe TC'ligious lifie and activi- ties of tbe "Weleih ipeopie, and cmphasia is laid in tbe repent on the fact that it affords tbe most striking illustration of the deep re- ligious feeling otf tbid "Welsh nation. Tlxe figures four all denonxinatic-ife other t'an tbe Cburcb of bn^l^iid end the Roman Catholics obow tbe of full membes-s in the saboels to be 550,070. "With regard to the financ^a!: posiition of thc Nonconformist cburcbes little Enfomiation is g-; y but iit is otgbcd that the libesrality of the Jixrm'beirs of tbe churcihca da marked throughout tbe country, especially in tbe Rbon^da Yallcv. OVER-CHURCHED WALES. Tho report brings ou.t a varietv of significant and in some respects even startling facts con- oeriiijiig' tho religious life of Wales as a whole. It appears that if all children under three years of ace are deducted from the population, as given in the last census, there are two com- municants in every five persons, and that where- as the Churcb of England provides one church for every 1080 of the population, the Noncon- formists provide one churcn for every 450. This means that the country a3 a whole is largely over-churched. So great is the accom- modation provided by all tho denominations be- yond the actual requirements of tbe population tJhat if all the people over three years of age were to go to cihurch at the same time on a.ny particular Sunday there would still be more than 103,000 unoccupied sittings. This excess of accommodation is to some extent accounted for by the ^bfting of the population from one part il the country to another, but it is brought out in evidence that the aoooenrooda- tiOIl for 74 per cent, of the total population pro- vided bv tihe Nonconformist churches :s largely in excess of the number who miglrt reasonably be expected to avail themselves of it. The memoranda which are added to the re- port of the Commissioners will probably excite more interest and discussion than the report it- self. Of these memoranda the longest and most important is that which ;;8 signed by Lord Hugh Cecil and Archdeacon Evans. These members of the Commission, wbile giv- ing their genc-ral assent- to the report, sign it subject to certain qualifications and explana- tions, especially in regard to tlie figures which relate to the strength of Nonconformity, and at the same time they supplement the information whiuli is given with regard to the position of the. Churdh of England! in order to empbasi33 the aicresuing bold which the Church is gain- ing OIl the people. LORD HUGH CECIL'S ROLE. The evidence given by the Nonconformist wit- nesses is subjected to a i^earcli.ng examination and criticism, and as a result the computation is ma& that not quite one-half of the people of Wa les a.-i.t Monmouth avail themselves of the provision made for them by all the Nonconfor- mist denominations put together. Lord Hugh Cecil and Archdeacon Evam also emphasise in this connexion the fact that the Church of Eng- land is the only ehuroh which rn "I kea provision for every parish throughout the Principality, and that those who do not belong to any parti- cular church are more ready to avail themselves of the ministrations of the Anglican clergy than of any other denomination. Of the figures given by the Nonconformists as a whole they have no difiicultv in makilg free play. By bringing together tlie statements of the various witnesses they shew that consider- able deductions must be made from. the actual membership claimed by nearly all the churches, and they bring cut more fully than is clone in the report the fact that the provisions mad by tho Nonconformists is largely in excess of the requirements of tlie population. In particular tbsy* pom# out that the Noncon- formists have been accumulating d-k-bt iii an ex- traordinary way through t'he. building of cburcbes and spending on tlie payment of inte- rest on this debt money which otherwise migbt have gone to paying the salaries of their minis- ters and the making of adequate provision for the religious needs of tho people. THE REPORT SIGNED. Lord Justice Vaughan Williams and the mem- bers of the Welsh Church Commission authorise the publication of the following:-Tlie report was signed or, Tuesday by a majority of the commis- sioners, and this was done after taking the neces- sary steps to send the report to the Home Office for presentation to the King.
Tbe Arcbbisbop of York (Dr. Cosmo Gor- don L-ang) celebrated bis forty-sixth Vrthday oii Monday.
LIVERPOOL & NORTH WALES STEAMSHIP COMPY. ANNUAL MEETING OF SHAREHOLDERS. PROPOSED NEW RHYL PIER. The 21&t annual meeting of the Liverpool and North Wales Steamship Company, Ltd., was heed on Tuesday at Liverpool. Mr Henry Maclver (chairman of directors) presided ever a good attendance of ebaire-hosdor*. The Chairman, in moving the adoption- of tbe report. stated that tbeir popular steamer, "La Marguerite," had been re-boilered before the eemmeapement of the cpAEon by Meagre Caimanetl, Laind, and Co., Birkenibrad. It was gratifying to &,c directors to place this work at their own port. A great man- first-ciase fir-c, were incited to tender, but Mee&rs Canunetl, Laird's were successful in their tender. "La Marguerite," with her new boilers, waa a better inve--tai-ert, than a new vesr-el would have been at a very much larger oaffita! expenditure. The acquitii- lion of vessels not (7ntire.¡y new had been the po.icy pursued by that company for same years- It he-l been a satisfactory for it had en- abled them to increase their business, but the dirvx'tors did not intend to pursue that policy indefinitely, end when the trade warranted it they would place a. contract for a new up-itod'ate steamer. There 'wouid be a material change in the mode of propulsion before long, and he bad no doubt that the internal combustion engine would take the place of the popular turbine. Whet&ey tbat be so or not, the directors would give it their most serious consideration, and if tbc-y built a new steamed' it would be u|p-(to-da-te in every respect. With reference to tho accounts, the one point of importance was that the expenditure in new boilers for "La Marguerite" bad been, made a capital charge. On the other band, to Wisag down the capital of tbe company's fleet, tbey had allowed a depreciation of a full 10 per oeiK. off every vessel. He aSuded to the loss tbe com- 5any bad sustained by the deatb of Oaptain atnes D-odd, tbe late maarer of the "l.'t. Elvies." He looked upon Captain Dodd as a. link of the past. for when they took over the oacwdon S.S. Company, Ltd., Captain Dodd was in command of that vessel, and was afterwards appointed to tbo "St. Eivies," which coaavmand he beid up to the time of his de-ath- He was an Iwsmest sea.- man, a faithful servant, and the oompanv would never be more faithfully served that it t-sb by the J«eceaeed. In the chairman said the present called-up cuqaiial of the ooanvpany was £63,700, and tOO debenture ies- e £ 25,MO, making a total cf £ 38,700. Tbo origiaod coat to the y of the presant vat3 ;J157?.332. mi taa co.4 of the o,:¿ Weiah oom?>ainy'a property ac- quired, toge&ier with the a. "Bonnie Prmccss," eiaco disposed of. was E14,782, makaig the Cafcal oost £ 172,114. They h written off in deptecia- tion E95,839, and carried L'IW to reserve, bring- ing down the book v-a.ue to the; ■jteamers to-day to £ 75400. The company bad casb b banks and in iOji:iki-e investments £ 32.212, ana no less a sum than £61,459 had been paid a.way in divi- dends. That meant the original abarebolders bad bad their capital returned to sbam and now keki tbeir shares- (applause). MR W. L. INjokeis and the resolution was adopted. DIVIDEND OF 6 PER CENT. Too Chairman moved, and Nickels pe- oonded, that. a dividend of 6 per cent, per an- num, free cf inooIue< J.X, be declared. This wzz, agioed to. Mr Niokels proposed, Mr T. E. Barlow se- ooasd'eci, and lit- A-as resolved that Mr Henry Mac- Iver and Sir Ridiard Willi asms-Buikefey, Bajt., be re-eeeted directors of the company. Mr Wade proposed a rot-ø of thanks to the chairman. Too Chairman, in reply, said that the satisfac- tory .position of the company at the present tirroe was in a great measu-re owing to tho manner in which its servants, ashore and afloat-, had car- ried out their duties (applause). A shareholder asked if mere was anything In the Rhyl business, and woud tbeir boats be running there next year. Tho Chairman said that various suggestions ha.d boon made about the extension of the Rhyl Pice. If the pier was extended, then t.nc Liver- pool aTd North Wales S.S. Company would: no doubt consider whether tiev should run a ser- Tice. The proceedbgs then terminated.
THE LIGHTING OF RHUDDLAN. VOLUNTARY SYSTEM A FAILURE. A ina^rng cf the Lightning Committee of Rbuddlan v;a^ hoki on Monday evening, Mr W. Morns presiding. Questions were asked as to tho nece^ity of lighting too principal streets. M'r Barnett raised tbe queistion of marking pro- vision for the future, and said it waa clear that thlo voluntary system of lighting the town had proved a failure- and they would have to resort to other mexns. Tiio people who benefitted moot by tiie lighting did not oontribuite. He suggest-ed that a -public meeting should bo called to investigate the matter. Mr Conwy Bell sai-d that if each householder contribut-ed sixpence there wc-uki be plenty of nrano.r in band. While farmers who did not benefit by the iagliiing contributed towards tho ex.pc-n>a. the pe-ople who lived in the centre of tho txjwn did not contribute anything. It was decided to caB. a public meeting to deal with the matter
WHAT MR ORMSBY GORE, M.E. THINKS OF CANADA. INTERESTING LETTER. (From a Correspondent.) Mr William Griffith, 12, Friars-road, Bangor, who about eighteen months ago was sent over by the Canadian Government as a special dele- gate for the Emigration Department, has been instrumental in greatly increasing Welsh emi- grat.on to Canada-, and now is furthering his mission by farming a tew Welsh Colony in Alberta. He has already been promised the assistance of a number of influential gentlemen in Wales, and the assistance of the Canadian Pacifio Railway. Mr Grifliths proposes to place on some of tbe best land in Alberta a number of Welsh farmers possessing sufficient capital, 60 as to make a successful colony. The colony will have every ass"istanoe from the Canadian. noe Pacifio Railway, and will start their new career far in advance to the elih Colony which was started in Saskatchewan a few years ago. This colony w-11 be close to the railway and close to the town, and with a medium capital the suc- cess of everyon-e in the colony is assured. Farm- ers going cut to this colony will be able to pur- chase 160 acres or more land for about the prioa wb-cb they pay in rent in this oountry in two years' time (per acre). Ten years will be given everyone to pay for his holding, and the capital they possess on going out can be expended ce buying- stock and implements. Arrangements are also being made by wh:c'!J anyone without sufficient capital to start farm- ing, can by having sufficient to pay his passage out, get in the district adjoining the colony either -on the railway or on the land, and all these with ordinary care and thrift should in a few years be ab!e to start farming on their own land. Full information can be had by applying to Mr Griffith. The following is copy cf a letter received from tiiev Hon. W. Ormsby Gore, M.P., who has just returned from a visit to Canada: — Brogyntyn, Oswestry. October 22nd, 1910. Dear Sir,—I have just returned from Canada, and cannot speak too highly 01 crte splendid opportunities for any man who is physically round and industrious, and in possession of enough capital to farm. The only part of Alberta of which I have personally visited is Canary. I should always recommend an Intend- ing settler to work one season on a farm before taking up land in order to accustom himself to tl;e conditions of Canadian farming'. If he doea elis failure is impossible ::n euoh a magnificent oeuntry with really wonderful soil, a healthy climate, good government, and a population die- ter mined to succeed. I tihink the project of founding a Welsh Col. only in Alberta is deserving of all support, especially 'f it is in one 01 the mixed farming districts. Tbe oolonisin^ policy of tho Canadian Pacific Rail way is a splendid one, and by their groat irrigation scheme they are pointing tho way to tho greater development of an already, great country. I shall be glad to do anything I oan to help your project. Emigration to Canada is not I ke emigration to tho United States. It is Dot; really leaving' one's country. In Canada tho I n ion Jack fres everywhere, the Canadians are more British than the English, we are one people, one Empire, one in tradition, one in a g-reat future.—Yours binoerelv, W. ORMSBY GORE.
HOW ME WALKER PASSED It has been well said that if you want to know whether you are1 really ill or really well, make a propeasal for life insurance. Be sure that if you ape well you wiii certainly be passed, but if you have any trace of serous disease the mediical L examinee- will oectamly discover M'an, IDEm and "vsximen learn for the first time., wheal they undergo a medical examination for insurance, that they have some serious cblwa.e. It comes to tbem a3 a great shook, and caste a gloom over their liife from that day onwards. Hope eeesma oloude-d out, for it is so seldom that any- one who fails for life insura,nco pastes the doctor afterwards. But happily the experience of Mr Walker, ol Brae foot Place, Doug tat*, Lanark, is juat the contrary. Some yesrs ago he underwent an exanw .nation for life ing-llTx,\ bu.t to his dismay lie wa told by the doctor that he. could not be passed, 5 there were distinct indications of dlie- ease in the kidneys. And the doctor's wc.rd8 proved to be only too true: before many weeks .had paased. Mr Waiker broke down oompJeteiy whilst at hie work, and had to be taken home. .FO\ three months he was idie and without in- come—a gariyu-" matt-er for him, a married roam with four obldrcn. Although almost in despair of reocvoring, Hr Walke- began using Doan'u Backache Kidney Pills at this time, and eventu- ally be felt completely oured. He then went affabi to bit eacamSned' for insurajsoe, and to his great NÚ-øf was passed by two djotcfs. Mr Waiker ii now insured with a w-olil-known lifo office and two friendly scxletieis. Mr Walker's triumph marks a new era in the history of medicine, and the greatest interest ia everywhere being shown in his oaie, which is reported at length throughout the preo., of the couacry. Any readers initc«rested are invited to writte to the Foster-McC'eilan Co.. 8, Wels-street, Oxford etiv-et, London, W., for a handbook on kidney df-oase, wiuiaa will be sent onorely ixee of chrirge.
fatal ResulJ from veriedhythe froRdepNPIPS. BHi Cr^UFFERERS from Bronchial trouble, whether slight or Mm (rZ& LJ? chronic, will find PEPS, the wonderful breaihe-able tablets, m to be a safe, beneficial, and effective medicine, m J Mr. Selina Crocker, of 18. Mair Terrace, Dorchester, writes :—" I y/» mBf Vttk suffered from bronchitis for six years. I had a most violent hacking cough i and could not clear my throat of the phlegm that constantly collected and wSS vtaB&r rl i made my breathing difficult. My cough always got worse at night, and I t/i BB \t I 1 really dreaded going to bed, for as soon as I lay down, my throat became Igjglgl y. I I I I irritable and I was obliged to sit up in bed to get relief from the choking cough, m rarejg li j If I also had a feeling of tightness across my chcst which was not only jp ragkjf painful and uncomfortable, but took away my appetite. I might as well have Wt w BB&mF saved my money for all the benefit I got from mere cough lozenges and cough <0 mixtures. As aa out-patient I attended the hospital for four months, but the ffl. 1 doctors failed to make any improvement in my health. In m Damp, Cold, or Windy Weather. I was compelled to stay indoors, or if I did venture out I suffered for it by having an extra violent attack of coughing and gasping for breath which made me feel as if I was going to die. "After these six years I had almost grown to that bronchitis ever be my companion. But I am thankful to state that PEPS proved my salvation. These wonderful little tablets brought me more relief than all the remedies I had tried for years. PEPS dfove the cough and the painful tightness from my chest. I took a PF-ps as often as required during the day, and then on lying down to sleep at niiht. Not only the cough but the throat soreness and 1 the constant gathering of phlegm in my mouth under flit magic i1:fluenct of Pets, and now I sleep splendidly, PEPS have indeed been of the greatest benefit to me, and now I always keep a box of PEPS handy in the home." Dfrckester. Writing IS months later Mrs. Crocker states:—"I am very grateful to say that I have not had an attack WM& of bronchitis since taking Peps. My health has takeo a great change for the better. Peps have made a splen-iid M cure Qf my bronchitis." W INFECTIOUS FAMILY COLDS. | >iOLDS have a habit of "running through the house" because of the germ ori^ia of '/A Pfis -brovidc a natui al cure for coughs. I the complaints. The first sufferer walks into thj house and scatters broadcast count- jfo colds, sore or relaxed throat, bronchitis, less germs, which are then breathed in by the iest of the family, with the result that *M weak chest hoarseness, wheczincss, loss of brother, sister, father and mother in turn begin to complain of a cough. There is no limit fr voice, old-age cough, night coughs, child- to the consequences of a cough or cold, and if serious chest trouble is to be averted it is M ren's coughs and colds, croup, tnluenza necessary to treat the first symptons promptly v -th Pep,_th- wonderful medicine which is g colds, and other toroat anddicstail- breatJedhompbsavant # Teat thIs remedy frø. Simply thla coupon with Id. sts6mp for return postage) to PEPS, CARLT014 HILL, LENDS who will at Once send you a dainty PRZZ fikUPLE. C,,ast Pioneer, NOv 3. The Novrl- e,Rthmed