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Cbe eisteddfodI

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Cbe eisteddfod SUCCESSFUL FINANCIALLY AND OTHERWISE. Description of Thursday, Friday and Saturday's Meetings. THE MALE VOICE CONTEST AND CHAIRING CEREMONY. MR. LLOYD GEORGE'S WELCOME. r BRASS BAND CONTEST. (BY OUR REPORTERS.) COLWYN BAY, Thursday. Notwithstanding the length and the nature of tAle road to the Flagstaff there was an exceed- ingly good attendance at the second Gorsedd ceremony this morning, and the proceedings commenced in fairly good time. The weather still remains favourable. True, some showers had fallen during the night, but they appear to have served no other purpose than the very ex- cellent one of laying the dust. As I write the sky is grey and forbidding enough in appearance, but we have the satisfaction of knowing that the barometric indications are good, the mercury ris- ing steadily since early morn. The trains are pouring into the railway station a steady stream of people from near and far, and there are en- couraging prospects for a record day. To revert to the Gorsedd, Bandmaster Hezekiah Jones, of Old Colwyn, was again in charge of the corn gwlad, and his three calls to the tribes woke the echoes from Snowdonia to the Clwydian range. The Archdruid was, of course, in charge of the ceremony. Llifon pronounced the Gorsedd prayer. Another stirring initial address was delivered by the Archdruid, who remarked that it was ap- parent from the strength of the gathering that morning that the Gorsedd was as popular as ever, and quite as influential (applause). They were accused of paganism in connection with that his- toric ceremony, but he challenged proof of a grain of paganism in their doings. There was more paganism by half characteristic of some of their so-called greatest public institutions, and it would be well for those living in glass houses to refrain from throwing stones (applause). Its rites were merely memorial of the old educa- tional force and school of their forefathers, which had produced nothing but a spirit of patriotism and an elevating influence upon the people. PC Surely they should keep alive a movement which had proved so beneficent in all its work (applause). Their desire was to "codi yr hen wlad yn ei hol," and if that were sinful they were great sinners, and would for ever remain steeped in sin (loud applause and laughter). Sir Marchant Williams, who followed, said that orhdo listening to his old friend, Bcriah, on Tuesday morning paying tribute to the memory of Pedr Mostyn, one of the most enthusiastic and intelligent supporters of the Eisteddfod, he was reminded of the little card he now held in his hand. Inscribed upon it were the pen pic- tures of twenty-four of the bards, litterati, and musicians who took part in the Wrexham Eistedd- fod of 1876, all of whom, with two exceptions, were now as Hugh Morris would express it, "yn y pridd yn pereiddio" ("in the earth sweeten- ing"). On looking round him that morning he could not but see to his sorrow that many of them were wending their ways earthward. The only tiling indeed that appeared to remain for ever much the same, challenging the influence cf time, waa the Gorsedd of the Bards of Britain (laughter and hear, hear). Some of them said it was an old institution, while others differed on that score, but what of that? Was it not better a hundred times that the Gorsedd gave evidence of youth rather than of age? (applause). Better life than death (hear. hear). The Gorsedd according to the Archdruid, was to-day attaining nearer perfection than it had ever attained be- fore, but there was nothing perfect even in Wales. Professor Morris Jones said he ("Mar- siant") was not perfect (loud laughter). But the Gorsedd was making steadily for perfection. He read in the newspapers that Welsh University leaders sought to interfere in Gorseddic affairs, but that was a mistake. They had never done so, and never would do so; the Welsh nation would not allow them to do so (applause). It ras true that there were two or three bards as- sociated with the "new school," who wanted to open the Gorsedd to the leaders of the Univer- sity, but those friends had no more influence in the University court than a parish clerk or verger in a crowd of bishops (loud laughter). There was much talk about the bards of the new school, but what was the difference between them and others? Only the attire! Let the Gorsedd bards doff their robes, and they were all much alike. But while the bards of the old school dressed in home-made clothes those of the new school were attired in knicke r-bockc-rs--(Iau.-hter) -made by the tailors of Bangor, Aberystwyth, and Cardiff (renewed laughter). Poetry remained the same for all time. though the bards' attire might change. The "awen" (muse) was not taught in school-, or universities (hear, hear) Burns, Shakespeare nor Keats were never at an unversity Goronwv Owen went to one it was true, and it was equally true that he emerged from it with the muse unmarred (applause). He (Sir Marchant) was ever a warrior—(laughter and cheers),—but on the logan stone he must not preach war (laughter). Rather must be appeal for peace, and his message to the new school of bards was "let there be peace;" but it should be distinctly understood that the new school had not power to create terror in the bardic circle (laughter and applause). Let them, therefore, work together, Scholars old and new, to make perfect the most beneficent of Gwalia's old institutions (loud ap- plause). After'some characteristic pennillion singing by Eos Dar, accompanied on the harp by Eos Ap y Berth, Miss Roberts, of Eithinog, Colwyn Bay, pre- sented the "aberthged" to Dyfed. MR LLEWELYN WILLIAMS, M.P., ON WELSH TEACHING. "Llwydfryn" (Mr Llewelyn Williams, M.P.), who followed, said that some years ago the ques- tion put in a favourite Welsh melody was "Pa le mae'r Amen?" ("Where is the Amen?"). An old deacon's answer was, "It has left the prayer and the preaching meetings for the hymn books" (loud laughter). In just the same way ho (the speaker) sometimes put to himself the question "Pa le mae'r hen hwyl Gymraeg" ("Where is the old Welsh 'hwyl'?"). The hon. member humorously chaffed the bards for neglecting the hwyl in the Gorsedd. They had heard that "Gwell dysg na golud" ("Better knowledge than wealth")—a splendid motto which had influenced and shaped the national lifo of Wales in a notable manner—but they must not forget the other old saying, "Gwell dawn na dysg" ("Better genius than education"). Next year they would see in Carnarvon the remains of the old Castle on the one hand, and the unchanging heights of Snow- don on the other, but while looking at the Castle indicating ancient glory let them not over- look the unchanging independence of the Welsh nation indicated by Eryri. This week they had had the Eisteddfod at Colwyn Bay for the first time in history, and not one of the choirs com- peting in the chief choral event sang a word in Welsh ("shame"). On the same day they saw an Irish choir, led and trained by a Welsh girl singing one of the test pieces in excellent Welsh (applause). Welsh choirs sang after them, but not a Welsh note from them ("shame").. That was not right (hear, hear). And what of their universities. Was Welsh on level terms with English there? In Ireland Erse had been prac- tivally dead for very many years; Welsh on the other hand was spoken by a larger number of oeoplc between Holyhead and Cardiff to-day than dd been ever known in history. Nevertheless, recently a r~*o!ution wis adopted by Irish Uni- versity -fhoiiti-3m La toe aSect that no dceraa should be conferred upon a person who had no knowledge of Erse (hear, hear). When was the day to arrivo- when a similar resolution was to be expected from the Welsh University leaders? (applause). He commended the idea to the con- sideration and support of Sir Marchant Williams I (renewed applause). In conclusion Llwydfryn made a very earnest appeal to Welsh pater fami- lias to see that their children were taught the old language. Bardic addresses followed from Olander, Eilir Aled, Myfyr,' Hefin, Glyn Hefin, Alafon, and Pedrog. The last mentioned caused great mer- riment with his "can y rhigwm," which was brimful of wit and satire. This composition, as "Penllyn" remarked to the writer, crowned the Gorsedd to-day. Eos Dar gave some more pennillion, and, after the Archdruid had emphasiseel the point refer- ring to the teaching of Welsh to the children, also remarking en passant about the whole Welsh nature of the Gorsedd proceedings, Dyfed formally invested the following candi- dates for Go-csod d honours:— Bardic degree Owen Robt. Owen (Caledffrwd), Ebenezer, near Carnarvon; Tom Evans (Obeli), London E. Myfyr Evans (Myfyr), Aberystwyth R. R. Parry (Bryn Ala), Gwalchmai; John Charles Jones (Clan Dulyn), Talysarn. Ovate degree: Rev. T. E. Gravell (Erasmus Gravell), Begeily, Pem. Miss Maggie Richards (Megan Dwyfor), Llanystumdwy; Miss Emily Thomas, Pontardulais. Music degree—Pencerdd Miss Gwladys Pri- chard (Pencerddes Llwyfo), Liverpool; David Evans (Pencerdd Elidir), Dinorwig, Llanberis. Cerddor: Cadwaladr Williams (Alaw Eifion), Portmadoc. Oerdd Ofydd: R. H. Roberts (Alaw Meirion), Liverpool; Caradoc Jones (Alaw Berwyn), Cor- wen; Samuel Roberts (Alaw Alltud), Liverpool; John Ivor Jones (Alawydd Fferws), Pantyffynon. The Gorsedd closed with a rendering by Eos Dar of "Gad save the King," to Welsh words specially translated by "Berw."

^ • THE EISTEDDFOD MEETING.

THE AWARDS.

• THE AFTERNOON MEETING.

THE ARRIVAL OF THE CHANCELLOR.

MR LLOYD GEORGE'S SPEECH.

- - It THE SUCCESSFUL BARD.

4>-— THE JUVENILE CHOIRS.

<3? THE MESSIAH.

——^ FRIDAY'S PROGRAMME.

NEW MEMBERS OF THE CORSEDD.

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FRIDAY'S MEETINGS.

THE AFTERNOON SESSION'