DENBIGHSHIRE HEALTH RETURNS. NOTEWORTHY REPORT rFROM AN EXPERT. MANY IMPROVEMENTS: SERIOUS DIFFICULTIES YET TO OVERCOME. Dr. R. Stenhouse Williams, assistant lecturer on public health bacteriology at the Liverpool University, lias just issued his eighth annual report on the health returns and vital statistics for Denbighshire. The following particulars are culled from it ae indicating the value of the work al- tready accomplished by the Health Com- mittee, .and al&o the importance of what yet temains to do — There can be no doubt, writes Dr. Wil- lia.ms, that many improvements have been effected in the county during the last few Years, the whole atmosphere of the reports Ileoe;ved is more hopeful than it once was. It may be worth while to mention a few of the works that have been iktomplished. C'ol- "wyn Bay has been supplied with excellent water and sewage schemes. The dairies and 'OOws.h<Cds in the Wrexham rural have been ^evolutionised. This y-cax there is a very &ood report upon tlio housing accommoda- tion of Wrexham, which shows that the con- ditions are not nearly so dark as rumour had painted them, yet there are serious difficul- ties which remain to be overcome. There is *10 provision for small pox in the county. Infectious diseases hospitals are not found Iln thirteen out of sixteen districts. The Notification of Births Act is only in force in one district. The attack upon tubercu- iosis is of a very limited description. The bacteriological examination of milk is mot Itud-artaken. The slaughter-houses in some districts require many improvements, where possible public slaughter-houses should be sabstEtuted for private. Last year's report of the Local Government Board's Inspector fchows that there is much work to be done in St. Asaph (Denbigh), and many of the tn.edieal officers of health deplore the ahsonce Accommodation for the working classes. AREA AND POPULATION. L "re are. sixteen separata sanitary dis- tricts in the administrative county, none of "vlllch are county boroughs, amd as each, of them claims the repayment of half of the salary of its medical officer of health from th>d County Council, -each of these officials is Required to supply you with a copy of his O-tm-uad report, a.nd any special reports pre- B0nted to the Council during the year. These Mparts cover the whole of the administrative bounty. This summary relates to the an- nual reports, and to four special reports. These include (a) a report on dairies and Llanrwst urban; (b) a report on ^^irios and oowsheds, Llanrwst rural; (c) a it'port on the Holt water supply, Wrexham (d) a report on slaughter-houses, 'Waxtdiam rural. The sixteen districts include seven urban acd mine rural areas, varying in size and Popubotiom. One table shows that the estimated popula- °n for the county for the middle of 1909 was *47,041 persons—of whom two-thirds reside in rural districts; but when it is remem- '"Gr*ed that large portions of the Wrexham 'and Chirk rural districts are practically ^ban in character, it becomes evident that proportion by no means re presents the -actUa.1 iirbam and rural conditions under the people live. And although there 36 increase of population on the census ^■ear in both rural and urban districts, the 7^creasf,u the rural districts is confined to -*o&d of Wrexham and Chirk, leaving a de- in the real rural parts of the county. -J"13 shows that the continuous inflotw of the Puliation to the urban areas, and con- C--nt reduction in the strictly rural locali- ti. is stall going on. c -Mother table shows the peroentagei in- cases and decreases in the urban and rural jgtioas 0f the- county upon the census of I'h-o estimated increase of the population 'Of the year 1908-09 is 2230 persons, equaJ »o a percentage increase of 1.5. adETILs DECREASING. lQn nuin^eT birtlis registered during 9 in tliti whole county was 3G82, a, slight mjcrease on the numbers of the previous year. rpk? }>er 1000 of the population is 25.0. 8 18 considerably below the average of the tli r-f 1899-1908 it is also slightly beCow the 1-909 rate for England and W a.les 25.6 per 00 population. The county of Denbigh is part in the general decline of the lrwi-rate. „ FEWER DEATHS. -Uie number of deaths registered in the Unty during 1909 was 2119, last year the £ «Ures were 2150. The gross death-rate for year is 14.4, practically identical with ^at of last year. It is necessary, howefver, i **iake corrections for n on-iesidents who di«+e in public institutions in the various and for residents who have died j, 0 in institutions outside their districts. .Of ananv years tlie inaccuracy of the reports the compilation of these statistics has recorded in these summaries. This year ^tt'ort has been made by the medical officers health to correct these errors, but Ldan- urban and rural, and Ruthin ruraJ rJr Dot give any corrections for "residents." •jTf6 figures corrected as far as possible mim- 2039, equal to a death-rate of 13.8, com- pared with 14.24 in 1908, 14.39 in 1907, 15.4 19 06. The fall in the death-rate lias I been maintained. It is largely due 0„ ''he diminution in the numbctr of deaths ^fante, these numbered 55 fewer than in It is gratifying to note that the rate beJow that of previous years, and is also "^OTV that of England and Wales. INFANTILE MORTALITY. in? number of deaths of infants undtt' one year of age amounted to 416 in 1909, com- P rj'^1 with 471 in 1908. « Ihe rate per thousand registered births the county is 112.9, the lowest recorded, « in the yefir 1907. It is above the in- mortality rate for England and •es, which is 109 ■per 1000 births. tch Auth-er table shows the causes of death, jT*6 figures foir 1906, 1907, and 1908 axe given 0«r °°mparison. It is seen that the number deaths under one year is less than in any ^ar except 1907. The heading "diarrhoea forms" awarding to the most recent in- ^^■ctions of tihe Local Government Boaird ^aris epidemic diarrhoea only. There h-avei deaths from this cause during the ai > and 20 deaths from gastritis and en- ^1-tis. The weather in 1909 was on the iuri° °°^, is therefore very difficult to how far the great drop in the diarrhoea th-rate is due to improved sanitation and far it is due to weather conditions. There been a diminution in the numbefr of aths from the notifiable infectious disease. One-third of tlie deaths occurred during the Tst month of life. The Notification of J-rths Act has not been generally adopted in county. A great opportunity for good OIrk is thus lost. Without the adoption this Act the medical offioeir of health is not >T>u«ht into contact with the newly-born '•■d, and the valuable advice and assistanoe nic.h he might render are wanting. A ~^ady diminution in the infantile death-rate not only lives saved to the nation, fit improved physique generally, for it is to remembered that the death-rate only re- a portion of the damage done, the remainder, and probably tlie greater part, .to be found m the" crippled lives of Jj^ldren who have just struggled through. e practical experieaoe of the working of Act is that it is of the greatest assist- °° to the public health authorities. TUBERCULAR DISEASES. The deaths from'tubercular diseases in the CoUiJlty give a rate of 1.16 per 1000 of the population. In 1908 the --rate was 1.29, and In 1907 aimost the same. In the 1907 report the urgency of energetic measures to cope J?'-tli this disease was pointed out -as it is at "he most useful period of life that the num- of deaths is highest. In the T.MS report a table was given showing this question from another aspect, the ratio of deaths from fibercular diseases to deaths from all other pauses, and to tliose from "all"'the notifiable ^factious diseases, of which serven at least well recognised as indigenous in this country. Onø in every 12.5 deaths is caused by tubercle, and tJiis one disease has killed near- ly four times as many persons in the ye&r a.11 the infectious diseases added together. *t may be well to enquire what steps are bei-ng takcta in the county, (a) Notihcvfcion i under the Poor Law. Of these there were I 28 during the year, Abergele, 1; St. Asaph, 1; Uwchalod, 1; Wrexham borough, 6; Wretxham rural, 19. Glan Conway, Llaon- rwst urban, and Llanrwst rural record that there were no notifications. The subject is not mentioaied in the other reports. Ap- parently the necessity for the inclusion of these in the repoxts is hardly yet realised, (b) Voluntary notifications, patients other thane Poor Low patients. This is only mentioned in five reports. Colwyn Bay no notification, but private information is given to the medical officer of health by medical men in the district. This rnxUhod, if at all complete, should bo quite good. Denbigh borough, ino notification. Ruthin borough, no notification. Wrexham borough, no noti- fication. Wrexham rural: A circular was sent to the local practitioners asking them to notify the medical offiocr of health; no fee was offered. No oases were notified during 1909. Colwyn Bay alone in the whole county of Denbigh seems to have a method capable of useful application during the illness of the patient. It would be interesting to know what proportion of the cases tejxist.ingl in Colwyn Bay are reported to the mcdica-1 officer of health. The system of notification throughout the county, with a small fee at- tached, should be adopted. The medical offioetr of health would thus be able to render valuable assistance in the prevention of this disease. (c) Methods of prevention in use in the county. This subject is mealtion-cd in nine of the reports. The statements are that disinfection after death, in onq district also .after removal, is carried out, if de- sired. In Ruthin borough it is specifically mentioned that this disinfection is free. This is really.all that is being done in the oounty, "disinfection aftor death, if de- sired." "During the long months of the patients' illness no cohesive measures are taken." It would be of great interest to know how .many disinfections were carried out during the year, we should then have some measure of theani-ount of work that is being accomplished. The medical officer of health for Chirk gave a lecture on the sub- ject of tuberculosis, and distributed leaflets; he (records that subsequently "people came to him for advice." He is the first in the county to ,adopt this method, which must have beneficial results. The need for a sana- torium has been consistently pointed out year by year, and it is .not to be forgotten that so high an .authority as Dr. Newsholme is of opinion that the recemt improvement in the death-rate from tuberculosis is largely due to institutional treatment where the consumptive learns so to live that he may not be a souiroe of infection to all his neigh- bours. HOUSING THE GREATEST NEED. The greatest (need in the county is the adequate supply of workmen's dwellings. Abergele.—Die town of Abergele is largely composed of old houses, which would not nowadays have passed the bye-laws. Many are without backyards or the neeoKsary facili- ties for sanitation. The conditions might be much improved by throwing two houses into one. The street surface of New-straet has not been? adopted; it is in a very dirty state. Oolwy.n Bay.-Thorc is need of a gtreateír supply of workmen's houses. Seventy-two now houses were granted certificates, only eight, were suitable for the working classes. Denbigh Borough. — Tlie re is need of a greater supply of workmen's houses. Many of the house.s having a rental within the reach of the labouring classes are old and structurally defective, but owing to lack of houses it is only possible to make these houses as habitable as conditions will allow. Sixteen back to back houses have been irooonstruct.ed with through ventilation, etc. Six houses have been closed, two remain dosed, one was converted into a workshop, one .iemolished, two rendered fit for habitation. Llanrwst Urban. Much work has been done. Notices were served upon the owners of 131 houses. Seventy-one of these* houses harve beem repaired, six closed as unfit for habitation. The owner of these, has given notice to his other tenants that he may put all his property in proper repair. Four other owners have taken this work in hand. There are 125 back to back houses; of these 19 have a window at the back or sides, which gives a certain amount of through ventila- tion. Ruthin Borough.—Accommodation for the working classes is inadequate.. The Council has considered the matter, and a report upon workmen's dwellings is being prepared. Ruthin Rutml.Much work has .been done. Forty-two dwellings— mainly cottages and small farm houses have been much im- proved; some have been entirely recon- structed. Eleven new houses were erected; the plans were submitted to the Council. St. Asaph (Denbigh). A terrace of new houses stands in Rhyd-y-voel, but without a water certificate. THE SCHOOLS. On the whole the reports are favourable. Improvements are still required in several of the districts, especially in St. Asaph. TUBERCULOSIS AND THE MILK SUPPLY. In the last few years a great deal has been accomplished in the county in regard to dairies and cowsheds, especially in the Wrex- ham rural district, but tuberculosis will never be stamped out until the tuberculin test and the bacteriological examination of milk be- come universal. It is within the power of the County Council to .adopt the latter at once. In another part of this report it is pointed out how high is the proportion of deaths from tuberculosis, compared with other in- fectious diseases, yet there is hardly any other infectious disease the control of which is so entirely in our own hands, because all the details of its infection have now been so carefully worked out that it only needs to put our knowledge into practice. "Uhat is the summary of the many years' work which Professor Dalepine has accomplished in Man- chester. It amounts to -this, that not only does the milk of the tubercular cows contain the infecting bacillus, but that they are pre- sent in the other exer-eta as well, and there- fore such a cow in a herd is a constant source of infection to the otheir cows both in the shippon amd in the fields. vFrom the purely economical point of view it is cheaper in the end to weed out tubercular stock; fromi the point of view of the consumer onei cow may be the source of untold suffering. The Tuberculosis Order of the Board of Agricul- ture, of which a resume was given last year has been postponed; it is hoped that it may not be long now before it comes into force. The poweirs that it twill give will! greatly strengthen (the ha.nds of the sanitary authori- ties m Denbighshire.
MANY UNSUSPECTED CASES IN COLWYN BAY. Nothing is more to be feared than kidney complaint, because it is often unsuspected until it. has spread dangerous disease throughout the body. There are many un&uspected! cases here in Colwyn Bay, and if you have any such unmis- takable symptom of kidney complaint as pain in the loins and back, urinary disorders, gravel, dropsical swelling's, rheumatic pains, and con- stant weariness you should profit by this Aber- gele woman's experience. Mrs A. Jones, of 7, Plas Newydd Buildings, Abergeie, says ;-1 have suffered with kidney complaint a.t intervals for many years. I had sarvere pains across the back and loins, which made it difficult for me to stoop and more diffi- cult to rise again. I was so bad at times that it was impossible for me to turn over in bed without assistanoe. The kidney secretions, too, were troublesome to pass, and caused great pain. "Hearing of Doan's backache kidney pills and the good they had done to others, I decided to try them, although I had no faith in them having already tried numerous so-called' remedies with- out result. I had not been taking Doan's back- ache kidney pills long be/ore I found they were doing me good. The pains soon began to dis- appear, the kidney secretions assed easily and naiurally, and I improved in health generally. I am now as well as ever, and I always take a few doses of Doan's pills on the slightest return of my old complaint; they always do me gtood. I can confidently r-c-oritniend other sufferers to try the pills." Doan'a backache kidney pills are two shillings and ninepenoe per box, or six boxes for thirteen shillings and ninepenoe. Of all chemist* and stores, or post-free direct from the Foster- McClellan Co., 8, Woiis-street, Oxford-street, London. W Be suro you got the saitio kind at pills oft Mrs Jones had.
LATEST L J EWS. me red. P. Hawtr«y. the inotecl I, r,aireaait master, died suddenly at his T/wvdoii residence yesterday morning frcan heart failure. Mr Ilawtroy bix-nt about. three months at Chester manage? the city pageant. He was about 64 years of age, and! was a; brother of Mr Charles Haw trey, too well-known actor, Mir Lloyd George left Oriccieth for XioadoBi yesterday, making the jouirney to Lkndudsno Junction- by motor. The C'hanoel or leaves Loindoin on Saturday for the Continent, where he will remain until the sooond week in September. Mr Moisamt, an American, who Left Paris on Tuesday evening to fly to London, resumed1 the flight at Amiens yesterday morning i and crossing the chiaiuiel with his mechanic as passenger iarided before noon at Tihnalitstonoi, neaar Deal. He tapes to stajt for Lon. don about five o'clock this moriiiug. r The body of the young man Mad. docks waa fOl\l1ud this morning near the same spot where he was. dirowtued at Old Colwyn, by Rober t Hughes, Tan-y- .Penmaen. f
COLWYN BAY PETTY 1 SESSIONS. PROFESSIONAL DIVER SUMMONED: SINGULAR INCIDENT ON THE PIER. RHCS LJCENCEE ASSAULTED. OLD COLWYN MEN FINED. Mr Kneeshaw (chairman) presided over these sessions on Saturday. Tlie other justices present were Mr J. Wat-kin Lumley, Mr T. J. Williams, Mr J. Dickcn, Mr George Be van, Mr David Gramble, wiith the Clerk (Mr James Amphlett). AN EJECTMENT ORDER. On the application of Mr E. H. Millward, the agent, an ejectment order was granted against Jane Hughes, a married woman, re- siding in O'd Colwyn. WARNING TO OUTSIDE PORTERS. Thos.. Roberts, described as a porter, of Park-road, was summoned at the instance of the Colwyn Bay Council for plying for hire as an outside porter without the necessary licence from the Council. J; Smith, an inspector acting under the Council, stated that a complaint had been made to him by a visitor to the effect that the defendant (who was wearing a railway com- pany's badge as porter), had undertaken to deliver a, parcel from the Hotel Metro pole to the Isolation Hospital at Mochdre, but the parcel had not been delivered, though three hours had elapsed in the meantime. The defendant had no authority from the Coun- cil to &ct as porter in their district. In reply to the- Bench, The Clerk explained that the defendant could not under the bye-laws undertake to do such work beyond the precincts of the rail- way station. The Defendant said that immediately he fofind he could not legally take the parcel he gave it to a man licensed by the Council to deliver, and he informed the inspector of that fact. Inspector Smith retorted that that informa- tion was not given until three hours after the offence. The Chairman said that as the case was the first of the kind to come before the Bench they imposed only the light fine of ]is and costs. It must be understood, however, that authority from the Council must be obtained before a" man could act as porter outside the precincts of the railway station. MILK VENDOR FINED FOR CRUELTY. Allen Higginson, driver, Victoria-road, Col- wyn Bay, was summoned for working a horse while hi an unfit state, W. Wynne Jones, Meiifod Dairy, Abergele-road, the owner of the horse, being charged with causing it to be so worked. Evidence was given by Inspector Fleming, of the R.S.P.C.A., P.C. W. Evans, and James iiigby, Veterinary surgeon, Llandudno, from which it appeared that Higginson was seen driving the horse attached to a milk cart in Abergele-road. Observing that the animal was lame the Inspector examined it, and found it to be suffering from a bony deposit on the back joint of the off headleg, the foot also suffering from ring bone. It was suffer- ing pain aud was quite unfit for work. Ques- tioned by the Inspector, Higginson said, "My master, Mr Jones, told me to work it in the morning. The other boy told him it was lame." When seen next day the de- fendant Jones said, "I would not work the horse if it was not for the busy time. It only works in the mornings." For the defence, Wynne Jones denied all knowledge of the lameness, and suggested that the animal had become temporarily lame after kicking a manhole cover in the street. He -assured the Bench that the animal was now as capable of its work as any horse in the district. Ho was surprised to hear of the animal's lameaess on the day in question. Wynne Jones was fined £ 1 and costs, in- cluding a veterinary surgeon's fee of 10s 6d, and the driver 2s 6d and costs. and the driver 2s 6d and costs. A RHOS LICENSEE ASSAULTED. Thomas Foulkes, Tymawr, Llawr Pentre, Old Colwyn, was charged with disorderly con- duct and refusing to quit the lioensed pre- mises of the Cavley Arms Hotel, Rhos-oin- Sea, on July 30th" Mr E. A. Crabbe (Colwyn Bay and Aber- gele), who appeared for the lieencee, stated that on the Saturday evening, before August Bank Holiday, Foulkes and another man named Robert Jones, also of Old Colwyn, called at the Cayley Arms. They were served with a pint of beer each. Subsequent- ly the barman, named Trowel, called the attention of Mr Wm. Hewitt, the landlord, to the condition of Foulkes with the result that the two men were asked to leave the house. Jones went out quietly, but Foulkes, who became very abusive and disorderly, re- fused to go, and Hewitt had to use gentle force to remove him. William Hewitt said that when Foulkes refused to go he put his hand behind the man's back, and gently pushed him in the direction of the door. On the doorstep Foulkes said he would go no further, and threatened to strike witness if he touched Vm again. Witness told him he must leave the premises, and again tried to move him < n, whereupon the defendant assaulted him. Trowel, the barman, and John Rowlands, joiner, Mochdre, gave corroborative evidence. Defendant denied refusing to quit, and also of having struck Hewitt. Robert Jones, who was called by the de- fendant, said Foulkes was "chucked out by Hewitt by the neck." He remonstrated with Hewitt, saying that Foulkes could go out without being "shoved." Witness had had a pint of beer, but Foulkes had none at the Cayley Arms, though both of them had had some drinks at Old Colwyn. It was explained that therte was a further charge of assaulting the landlord against the defendant, and it was decided to proceed with that, .and also with like charges against Ro- bert Jones, Mount Pleasant, Old Colwyn, and George Jones, Park-road, Colwyn Bay. Mr Crabbe proceeded to say that when Ro- bert Jones and Foulkes got to the hotel door- step there were some lively times. As Hewitt was removing Foulkee the latter turned round on the doorstep and deliberately struck Hewitt a tremendous blow. The land- lord put up his hand to defend himself, and in so doing got outside the house, whereupon Robert Jones jumped upon his back, and pre- vented him from defending himself against Foulkes. Hewitt eventually got away from Robert Jones, and was tackling Foulkes when the barman came out to help him. Then the other defendant, George Jones, commonly known as George Cooper, came up, and, after making some observation about striking a drunken man, caught hold of the landlord and threw hhn violently to the ground. Hewitt's head was so badly cut in the fall that he had to be attended by a doctor for a week afterwards. George Jones then turned to Trowel and struck him also for trying to defend his master, the barman's lips being cut. By the consent of the court Dr. Huff Hewitt, of Ithos, was allowed to give his evi- dence at this point. He said that when Mr Hewitt came to his surgery on the evening in question he was suffering from a large abrasion on the head about the size of half a crown, in the centre of which was an in- cised wound which went down into the skull. Witness dressed it, and treated the wound regularly for a week afterwards. There must have been severe impact with something to cause the wound. By George Jones: It was quite possible that the would had been caused by Hewitt falling on his back on the ground from a push. William Hewitt, the landlord, completed the stary as to his experience outside the house substantially confirming the statement of the advocate. Witness s.a;d someone came from behind and pulled him violently away from Foulkes throwing him on the ground. By George Jones: He heard no one say "Don't strike a drunken man'in that way. He did not know who pushed him to the ground. Trowel, the barman, in describing the pro- ceedings, said he identified the defendant, known as "Cooper," as the man who placed his arms round Mr Hewitt from behind and throw him to the ground. Additional evidence was given by Mr John Rowlands, John Griffiths, of Penrhyn Bay; Geo. Ed. Wm. Shingler, of Rhos. Robert Jones strenuously denied attacking Hewitt, and oont.ondoed that the latter was the .attacking party. "He beat me most un- mercifully," lie added. "He struck me on the mouth and my lip bleeded most awfully (laughter). I then got away, and went off home "as fast as I could" (laughter). Wit- ness produced a jacket and trousers, both much torn, which, he said, were mutilated by Hewitt in his temper. because witness pro- tested against the landlord pushing Foulkes out. Cross-examined by Mr Crabbe: He denied fighting Foulkes subsequently, and tearing his clothes in the struggle. Foulkes persistently denied assaulting Hewitt. George Jones defended himself eloquently. He remarked in confidential tones to the I Bench When I saw them Mr Hewitt was the same as Johnson, you know, sir—putting it about him, you know (laughter). I says, "This is not right. Are you not asha.med of yourself beating a drunken man?' He never said a. word to me, and I got between 'em, and the first thing I saw was Robert Jones, and I caught hold of him. I caught him by the two shoulders, and I could see some fists coming over my shoulders into Jones' face, which was covered with blood, I then turned from Robert Jones and pushed Mr Hewitt on his back from this 'ere m-an. H.e hit his head a little bit: and he's making a great ceremony about it, trying to get us, poor fellows, into serious trouble (laughter). Hewitt is a weak sort of fellow, you know; he fainted, and they carried him in and made a great ceremony about him (laughter). I thought Jones had spent a few shillings at the place, and that they were throwing him out after spending his money, as they usually do—these publicans (laughter). I had no ————- intention of hurting Hewitt, and he fell on his back." Supt. Beresford said George Jones had been bound over for six months only lest September to keep the peace in consequence of a charge of violent conduct in the street. That period had, of course, expired. Foulkes was fined 10s and costs for re- fusing to quit, and a like sum for assaulting Hewitt. Robert Jones was mulcted in the sum of 10s for assault, whilst George Jones was ordered to pay £1 and costs (including the doctor's fee) for the assault on Hewitt, and 5s and costs for assaulting the barman. All three men were ordered to bear pro- portionately the advocate's fee of a guinea, the usual allowances being made in respect of three witnesses, SINGULAR INCIDENT IN THE OOLWYN BAY PIER. Percy Harvey Grimston, a commission agent, residing permanently in Ireland and temporarily at Woodleigh, Uolwyn Bay, sum- moned Edward J. Reddish, a professional diver, who has been giving performances on the Colwyn Bay Pier of late, in respect of an alleged assault. Complainant, who pleaded his own case, said the action was brought more on account of principle than for any damage sustained, and also in the interests of the public. On the 9th inst. he paid the usual two-penny ad- mission fee, and proceeded on the pier short- ly after two p.m. After he had been there for about twenty minutes fishing over the -end of the pier, the defendant came and told him he must leave that portion of the pier, or pay the fee to see him diving off the pier- head. Witness then removed to a part of the pier, about a quarter of the pier's length, nearer the shore, but after he had been there for five or ten minutes the de- fendant came again and insisted that he must leave the spot or pay the fee. Wit- ness asked him where he had the authority from to order him off, seeing that he had pa'id for coming on the pier, and added, "You go on with your show. I don't want to in- terfere with you diving." Defendant then seized him at the back and lifted him off his feet, carrying him some 15 or 20 yarrlt1 in the direction of some seats which had been fixed as a sort of barrier at that point. After he (witness) had arrived on the pief..He saw one of the pier officials and asked him on whose authority the defendant acted, and, alter saying Ke was going to summons the defendant, he asked the official his name, but the latter, at the defendant's request, l'efused to give it. When w-itness saw the eampany's secretary about it, Mr Burgess said the defendant had no authority what- ever to do what he had done. By Mr Crabbe (for the defendant): He acknowledged offering to pay twopence each for the two boys with him to see the diving exhibition, but, insisting upon his rights, he refused to go beyond the barrier at "the de- fendant's request. Mr Crabbe: He tells me he carried you like a woman carries a little baby? Complainant: He is a showman. Mr Crabbe: And you are inclined to be theatrical? (laughter). Replying to Mr Lumley, Complain wit said that when he paid his entrance money to the pier no one explained to him that the de- fendant would be diving from a oerklll por- tion of the pier. Mr Crabbe, in addressing the Bench, said the Pier Company had given the defendant certain facilities to give diving performances off the Pierhead each day, and under their bye-laws they had a perfect right to do that. Everybody knew the performances were given, because they were freely advertised, and the complainant must have known of them, but, went on on the day in question apparently with a piggish intent to cause a disturbance for the sake of notoriety* or to establish the magnificent British principle he had feferred to. Mr Lumley asked whether Mr Crabbe con- tended that the defendant had a right to re- move the complainant as he had done. Mr Crabbe replied in the affirmative. Pay- ment of the twopenny admission fee did not give the complainant a right to insist upon doing what he was doing. The Clerk If you are going into the ques- I tion of right this court cannot decide; that is a matter for another court. Mr Crabbe Certainly we set up the claim of right. The Clerk: Then it is quite beyond the jurisdiction of this court to decide whether this gentleman wa.s a trespasser. If the justices think there is not a prima facie case of right they can decide the case of assault. Defendant: I have had to fig-ht the same thing befo-i, and I won. If this man can bring an acKon against me for this sort of thing performances of this kind would be- come impossible. The Chairman said the Bench found there was a prima facie case of right. The Clerk: So that this court cannot go into the case of assault now. Once the ques- tion of right is decided the magistrates will be in a position to settle the case of assault.
4op FAM-A =-.== =. RELINQUISHING BUSINESS. | t — the biggest— J, Sale of High-class Drapery Ever Held in North Wales. & !J. TALBOTTJ and 61, HIGH STREET, RHYL, Having Disposed of his Business, the Stock must :4 be considerably lessened, and will be Re-marked fi On Wednesday, July 13th, and following Month, I AT GREATLY REDUCED PRICES. „ f« Ai—■ -«■-»- —AA **i AO. p. j nSeT-60 and 61, HIGH ST., RHYL ||| tl— ^===s^^=====^^====s=» fl===r.t==sj>
ARCHDEACON MADDEN AT COLWYN BAY. AN APPEAL FOR THE PURITY OF HOME LIFE. Ardhdeaoon Madden, of Liverpool, preached to orerflowing oangragationa at St. Paul's Church, Colwyn Ba3p on Sunday morning and afternoon. In the morning his text was from Genesis xxvi. 25, "And he buildedi an altar there, and called upon the name of kbe Lord and1 pitched his tent there; and there Isaac's servants digged a well." The three words, "altar," "tent," and' "well," summed up, he said, the life history of Isaac, and indeed of every man and woman who was trying' to lead a godSy, righteous and sober life. The altar atood for the ccnfession of the man' faith in the living- God, for it was erected in the midst of idolatrous people who knew not the true God. But Isaac was not ashamed' of his relig- ion. The preacher pointed the moral to modern. Christian society in a few fine forceful passages. But, he proceeded, there was not only an altar; There was a tent. Faith in God came first. The tent represented the home, and that was given the second place. The first thing God did for imun was to give him a home. Even the Garden of Fkien was imperfect without a home for the! first man and woman. We sang "There's no place ilike home." Isaac's home was only a tent, but to that tent he brought Rebecca, amd in it his children were born. That it was that made the tent a home for him. It was just an Arab tent, so simple, so plain, and it was Re- becca and the voices of the children playing at the tent door that made it all the world to Isaac. Those things made every home dear. What was the glory of England? The King the other day said, "The foundations of our race and empire are in the homes of the people." That would only remain unshaken so kmg as our race and our people had homes, where lives of simplicity and' purity were spent. Pure homes In the irrirriag'o service they referred to Isaac and Rebecca, but was there no need for them to stand to-day for THE PURITY OF HOME LIFE? What did all the cries mean for facilities for breaking the marriage tie? Had it come to this—that men thought lightly of that which was the very source of strength on which was built our imperial greatness and of the religion of this homeland of ours? Let the home be shattered by more facilities for divorce and "Ichabod" might be written upon the walls and pillars of empire, for their glory would be de- parted. Well said the King when he remarked "The foundations of our race and empire aTe in the homes of the people." Was it forgotten that neither priest nor Church but God Himself who said "Whom God hath joined together let no man draw asunder." Marriage was not a rite to be entered upon lightly or wantonly, but in good faith remembering that those whom God had joined together must live, for better, for worse, in kindness and tenderness and affec- tion until parted by death. Let them then stand for the simplicity and the purity of the home, remembering that it was the dea.r hearts in the home that madø it to them all" Home, sweet home." The third word in the text, "well," stood for service. Not only did a man ■want God and a home. but he wanted to be of some use to his day and generation. What Would comfort them most as, in the dizziness of death, they looked back upon life would' be the good they did, the acts of kindness, of pity, of mercy. The selfish Life would afford little com- fort then there was no greater curse for a man or wcman than selfishness for it brought miserv and dissatisfaction. And a "well" was never dug by a man, for his own sake, but rather for other people that they might- drink and live. Old Jacob in tlie ages past never dreamt that th-e Lord of the- Heaven and- Earth would sit by t-ho wall he dug and drink of its sweet waters. They dug wells not only for the present but for the generations to come. And when a man built a cottage hospital in some town near the /eiside or in the country he dug a well of health whose healing waters would bring health and oomfort to many disease-stricken bad,: They heard of Holywell and its miracles. Everv hospital, every dispensary was a "holy well," a well of health. The man who built a church was diggteng a well from which sprang the waters of eternal life. The preacher enlarged upon this point and ooncluded with a warm- hearted1 appeal for generous support to the movement now on foot to complete St. Paul's Church by the addition to it of a tower. The Vicar (Rev. Canon Roberts) had pre- viously explained that the offerto-ies would be in aid of the Fund, and. that towards the total of .£3000 required only E1000 had been so far received. At the close of the evening service, Mr T. J. Linekar, of Colwyn Bay gave an organ recital, the following beting his selectionsWar March 03 Priests from "Athalie" and Mendels- sohn; Elizabeth's Prayer from "Tannhauser" (Wa-gnc-r); two short Pnetludes and Fugues by Bach; Andante, from Tsahaikowski's String Buaitet; Cantdene (Wm. Faulkes); Andante from Op. 1 (Mailly); and Hallelujah ("Mes- aah ).
DR WILLIAMS'S CHARITY. WALES AND THE NEW SCHEME. The Charary Oocnmiasioners have, at the ire- quest of the trustees, promulgated 11 new rcheme for the regulation of the charity of Dr. Danaefl Wikiamt\ wlmch consists of ibis thecdogifcal -ro-ary and of endowmants for various educa- tional and other purposes. Dr. Williams was barn at Wrexham about 1643 and died in Lon- don 1715. By his wù he dtNieoted his trustees to rc-priint his work- "oil uuch og are not con- troversial," at stated interval's for two thousand yetao. He deft endowments for Presbyterian cihapels at Wrexham and at Burnham (Essex), for St.. Thomas's Hospital., and for some univor- siteeA and- miSsiions, as well as other purposes pf a miscellaneous character, his chief bequcrt, how- ever, being his library, which he lclt. for the use -of the public under (X'r¡;I'n conditions. It. comsprisea now upward'* of 20,000 books and 500 vojiimea o.f MSS. Sinoe 1890 iihe liibrary has been. accommodated in University Hall, Gordon Square, London, W.C. Anions ÍtJ, treasures are the original nxnutes of the Westminster Assem- bly, a fine first folio of ShaJcespeare, and a cast- of the face of Oliver CromweJ'-l taken after deaih- The new scheme of the Charity Commtic-sion- ers had to do wiith tihe continued of 's this library and of some of the other trusts of the founder, the gross annual inccoia of the property concerned being about £ 5000. There is a bala-nce of cash in hand of £1014, and the Commissioners direct that out of thara ;C&X fihaM be handed over for the benefit of the Girls' Sohciot! at Daljgelley, ahatlbeir of Dr. WiToazms' foundations. In regardi to the annual revenue after making provirion for tibe payment of an annuity of JE60 to the deooendaruts of the to.?rta- tor's sister, Mrs Roberts, and of aill the ex- penses of management, etc., it is directed 'is i that sums not exceedenfg in toted £1200 shaJl be emended yearly on the library, and sums of E220, B5, and C30 are to be paid ajimiailly fbr specific educational purposes, a yearly sum of £ 50 to an itinerant Protestant B:asant'in& minis- ter in Ireland, a yearly sum of £100 to the Probyterian Cciile.ge a/t Garmarrhen. and a y-oarlV sum o.f JB10 to the pastor of the ohapsi in Chester-street, Wrexham. Th& residue of the income -is to be applied yearly as foMows:— (a) OrBe-ei,-hith in the dlstributtion among jrioor persons of Biib.es and other books in Ln^i-:h and Welsh; (b) one-tenth in payments, by way of pensions or otherwise, to poor widows of Pro- testant Dissenting minivers; (c) one-fifth to poor Protestant dissenting ministers; (d) orae-eiighfth in eohoiarships, for students for the Protectant Dia^enfanjr ministat; (e) one-eighit as an educa- tional endowIIW-nt (f) 13-12Qhh to such educated persons of.sound judgment and r-ober principles ad the trustees shall, nominate to preach iih Word of God in South Wales; (g) 26-120th to like personi tin North W-a-Vs. As a good dbal of the property of the charity consists "of agri- cultural land in Den<bi(gbshire, Essex, and Suf- folk. a clanae ibas been inserted in th3 scheme empowering the trustees to set apart and Set. an aiMotmeute anv portion of such ilatid. The old txtFrteeB have been rea-ptpo'.med, vacancies to be filled by co-optation. The tnxtecs are leading ministers and iayimea of tihe Unitarian churches.
The dieatih ia aninounoed of Mr Robert Ro- berts, a.t the age of 81 years. Ho was one of the founders of the Oorwen Eisteddfod, having been a member of tbeoommittee in the six'ties and seventies. He .was the sword' bearer at the Gorsedd on A-ugust Bank Holiday, but at the time he was in a very feebte state of health. Oyer 1100 persons am roported, to be. dead or missing as a resuk of the Japanese floods. Near- ly 4000 bouses have been washed away. Captain Scott's Antarctic exploring vessel "Terra Nova," which Hvas recently ptatod to be considerably overdue at Cape Town, has now arrived saiefy.
I. I THIS PIANO j SENj FOR FREE 1016. | SPECIAL LIST OF SHOP-SOILED & USED PIANOS & ORGANS. 1} O PIANO in Roiewo^d. Good Condi- K « » tion. Incised Panel and Sconces, Ivory ) Keys. MuiiLhly, bi- 1 ] rip PIANO in Walnut. Incised Panel and K *• Sconces- Modern Piano in Excellent I Condition. Kich Tone. MenUiiy Pay- 1 ment, 7/- 1 I ci/j PIANU.TTK in Walnut, Incised and | Gilt-lined Panel, Iron Frame, Full Trichord, Check Action, Half Top. 1 Guaranteed 10 Years. Monthly Pay- ment, 8/- 1 con PIANO in Figured Walnut Case, Iron Frame, Bronzed Top Bai-, Double pin- 1 ned Top Bridge, Best uneck Action. Good. Marqueterie Brass Pedal i'eet. Moulded Top Ujor. Monthly Pal- 1 ment. k- I roo PIANO in Walnut, Bevelled Panels 1 (Centre one Carved), Double Sconces.. Check Actien, Iron Frame with Bronzed Exteu&ion Bar. An Excep- ( 1 tional Bargain. Monthly, 10/6 I £ C HARMONIUM, Massive Rosewood I Check Action, Iron Frame with Bronzed Eueubioll Bar. An Excep- ( 1 tional Bargain. Monthly, 10/6 I £ C HARMONIUM, Massive Rosewood I Case. 11 Stops. Suitable for Small Ckurch. Monthly Payment, 6/- a a ORGAN, Highly Polished Case, Wal- 1 #0 nut. Enriched with Car vinjg. 61 Notes. Forte and Knee Swell. Mosthiv-, ii- r in ORGAN, Dark Walnut Case. Cano- 1 *■ *v pied Top, Bevelled Mirror, Patent 1 Mouse and Dust Proof Pedals. 10 Stop-. 2-knee Swell. A Bargain. 1 Monthly, 6/- ( ( ANY OF THE ABOVE SENT CAR- RIAGE PAID ON RECEIPT OF FIRST MONTHLY PAYMENT. Complete Bargain List and 1 New Art Catalogue Post Free. 1 CRANED SONS LIMITED. 1 40, REGENT ST., WREXHAM, ( 2, CHURCH ST., LIVERPOOL. BRANCHES: IN ALL PRINCIPAL TOWNS I EDUCATIONAL. ABERGELE COUNTY SCHOOL (FOR BOYS & GIRLS), THE SECONDARY SCHOOL FOfc THE COLWYN SAY ulSTKlcT. HEADMASTER: MB J. WILLIAMS, M.A, (Pxon), Assisted by an Experienced Staff of Masters and Mistresses. rTTEE Djstinotions gained by and pre- -1- eent pupils oi Abergele County Scliool during the last four ye>ars include: — SCHOLARSHIPS AiSD -EXHIBITIONS:] during the last four y.eams ineude:- SCHOLARSHIPS AND -EXHIBITIONS:] Meyriek Exhibition, Jesus College, Oxford; Open Exiubition, Trinity Cou.i<5ge, Cam- bridge; Open Exhibition, Jesus College, Ox- ford; Minor Saholai-shap, Trinity College, Cambridge; Major Scholarship (, £ 100 a year for five years), Trinity Colege, Cambridge; Open Ex&ibut-ions., University College, Ban- g-oo: Den bighsJlire County Eilil bltlollB.i. King's Scholarship, Etc. PASSES AT: Hifcit-arical Tripos, Cambridge University (First-Glass, Part I.): Historical Tripos, Cambridge University (First-Class, Part II.); London Matriculation; Welsh Mat- riculation; Oxford Itesponsions; Cambridge Previous; Edinburgh Medical Preliminary i Civil Service (Third im the Kingdom at Poafc Office Examinations); Chartered Account- ants, Final (Th.1.rd in Honours); Bank and Insurance Examinations; The Degree Ex&m- inations of the Universities of Wales, Ox- ford, Cambridge amd Edinburgh. CENTRAL WELSH BOARD CERTIFI- CATES (which exempt from most of the Pro- fessional Preliminary Examinations); Honours Stage, Senior Stage and Junior Stage with numerous Distinctions, etc. The Railway Fares of Pupils from Col- wyn Bay and Old Colwyn are Paid by the County School Governors. WILTON HOUSE, ALEXANDRA ROAD, COLWYN B A. T-d THE MISSES MORRIS. BOARDING and DAY SCHOOL for amLStI c) Preparatory for little Boys. Term begins MAY 4th. 27504p OLD itoottree Scbool,, COLWY N JbuK ulitls. PREPARATORY FOR YOUNG BOYS. Principals MRS. & MISS WILLIAMS-REES. Abe,gele-rd., Collegiate School (coLwr« bay) For BOARDERS fi DAY PUPILS. Principal: T. HERBER DAVIES, F.R.G.B. (Class & Math. Tutor). THE School is beautifully situated, pro- -L vides thorough individual preparation for London Matriculation, Oxford Local Ex- aminations, College of Preceptors, Medicaid Dental, Law Preliminary Exams. Special preparation for Oxford Responsions, St. David's College, Lampeter. Over 40 certilicates gained by the Principal's pupila at the above Examinations during the last five years. Prospectus and list of Examina- tion Successes on application. Mrs T. Herber Davies, A.L.C.M., gives lessons in Pianoforte Playing, Theory and Harmony. 28222p BOOK FOR LADIES. By DR. ALLINSON. THIS IS the bei»t book ever vvntien for ladies. Over 20U,00G copies have been sold. Hundreds have written him, saying it is the book they wanted, but could not iind before. 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fThe defendant Applied for costs, but the Beach nefueed h £ & reirawt. Defendant: I have lost a day in defending j the rights of the Pier Company against a man like this, and I get no costs. The Clerk: You. had better not complain on that Bcore.