Mr Lbyd George liars accepted the presidency of the Camfcrian Society, which was recently formed at Oxford, and he hlas prfamtucd provi- sionally to attend the inaugural dinner next term. The vice-presidents imciudle the Bikhop of St. Asaph, the Vice-OAncel.or of the University of Wales, Sir Isamibard Owen, and the Archdruid.
Mr. T. CHIDLEY Begs to announce the OPENING of his Newly-constructed STUDIO which has been specially built to meet all requirements for the production of the HIGHEST CLASS OF PHOTOGRAPHY. No. 2, STATION ROAD, COLWYN BAY. Tel. 856x5 U tb Welsh Coast Pioruer." LARGEST CIRCULATION ON THE COAST. THE SALE OF THE Welsh Coast Pioneer Amounts to an average which, if tested, will show an Excess of Several Thousand Copies Weekly over any other Penny Paper. Branch Offices LLANDUDNO MOSTYN STREET LLANRWST WATLING STREET RHYL KINMEL STREET ABERGELE CAXTON HOUSE LONDON REPRESENTATIVE: MR J. E. TRIGG, 47, FLEET-STREET,
AGRICULTURAL REFORM PROS- PECTS. Lord Carrington's speech at tlie luncheon given by the National Farmers' Union to the deputation from the German National Agricultural Society was far more hopeful in tone than is usual at agricultural gather- ings. Under ordinary circumstances land- owners and farmers are apt to condole with one another on the preco-ricusness of the climate, the inadequacy of prices, and the increase in local burdens, but in the presence of the German visitors it wa.s a natural and patriotic instinct which led the President of the Board of Agriculture to speak in hope- ful and encouragingterIDs of what, in spite of foreign and colonial competition, continues to be our chief industry. Nor can it be questioned that compared with a few years ago agriculture is "looking up," though possibly some of the farmers who listened to -Liord Carrington may have doubted whether he did not go too far when he claimed that it is "a sound, prosperous, and flourishing condition." It is well, however, that British agriculturists should be re- minded that in a densely populated country like our own they have some manifest ad- vantages, and in view of The upward tendency in values may look forward hopefully to the future. For the benefit of the deputation, Lord Carrington gave a resume of recent legisla- tion affecting agriculture, beginning with the Land Tenure Bill, and ending with the I Bill just passed to give compensation to farmers who are disturbed in thenr tenancies through portions of their farms being taken from them to provide small holdings. Un- questionably the chief measure on the list is the Small Holdings and Allotments Act of 1907, which authorised the County Coun- cils of England and Wales to buy or rent land for the purposes set forth in the title of the Act. Lord Carrington pointed with pardonable pride to the fact that in two years 80,000 acres, or 125 square miles of land, had been obtained for the working agriculturist. Compared with previous Acts this result is very gratifying, and shows that there is a considerable demand for small holdings in some of the agricultural areas. There is, however, some difference of opin- ion among politicians as to whether small holdings should be supplied on the lease- hold system or on the basis of ultimate ownership. The Government chose the for- mer alternative, and it seems that very few of the applicants to the County Councils have expressed a desire for purchase. Lord Car- rington and his colleagues regard this as proof that would-be small-holders prefer, so long as they obtain security of tenure, to reserve their capital for the working of the land and simply to be tenants of the public authority. But, on the other hand, Mr Jesse Collings, Sir Gilbert Parker, and other Unionist politicians are strongly in favour of multiplying the number of cultivat- ing owners, and point to the example of other countries as proof that the "magic of owner- ship" is necessary to the complete success of a small holdings system. Mr Balfour has aJso given official sanction to this view, and in a letter written a few days ago gave a definite pledge that when the Unionist party has the responsibility of office an early opportunity will be taken of proposing to Parliament a measure upon these lines. From the purely agricultural point of view this diff-erence of opinion can be regarded with equanimity, and there is no reason why facilities should not be given either for hire or purchase—according to the wishes of ap- plicants. The admitted drawback to owner- ship is the danger of excessive sub-division, but it should not be beyond the wit of Par- liament to provide safeguards which would check if they did not altogether prevent this tendency. The great ends which all agri- cultural reformers have in view is to add to the productiveness of the soil, and to main- tain and, if possible, to increase the rural population. And it is a point of secondary importance whether this is done by a system of purchase or of tenancy. i assing from Lord Carrington's re- trospect it may be noted that he definitely committed the Government to the establish- ment of agricultural credit banks upon the principle of mutual liability. These banks were first introduced into Germany more than half a century ago, and have been so successful that they have been set up in nearly every Continental State. In Ireland, too, under the fostering care of Sir Horace Plnnkett, they obtained a firm footing, and are now a recognised institution of the coun- try. A beginning has also been made in Great Britain, but a far more extended effort is needed, and as the movement has the ap- proval of both political parties, early legis- lation is assured. Here, at least, is com- mon ground, and in the interests of agricul- ture it may be hoped there will bo an in- creasing tendency to carry out feasible re- forms which command general consent. It Is to this end and that the National Farmers' Union and kindred organisations should direct their efforts, so that whichever party is in power some progress may be made in *< this end that the National Formers' Factory Act Regulfttioni, The dismissal of the cases under the Fac- tory and Workshops Act heard by the Llan- dudno Bench, on Monday, prompta the ques- tion, "When is an offenoe an offence under the Act?" For the prosecution, it was stated that certain employees had been found by the Government Inspectors working after tlte hours stipulated by the Act. In at leasC three cases a breach of the regulations was admitted by the defendants, who, however, pleaded "special circumstances." In one instance, a girl was found trimming a hat ten minutes after the time she should have completed her day's work, according to the abstract of the Act displayed in the work- room. The defence was that she was merely finishing the hat—about five minutes' work— because the customer was waiting in the shop for it. It was proved that her employer was p an unusually considerate master, who, though lie could insist upon the attendance of the girls at 8 a.m., permitted them regu- larly to commence the day an hour later. Under the circumstances, it was held that it was not too much to ask an employee to make up for that by working a few minutes late in the evesning. Morally, the contention was perfectly logical, but it does not accord with the strict letter of the Act.
0 Llandudno Marine Drive. The conversion of the old bridle path round the Great Orme's Head into the famous Marine Drive was one of the two or three notable things accomplished during the last half century to complete Nature's splendid scheme to make Llandudno attrac- tive. The old company who carried out the work may not have reaped a golden harvest from their undertaking, but their spirit of enterprise will be long talked of, and the fruit of their labours will be enjoyed by thefr successors. Pedestrians will now be at liberty to enjoy the use of the Marino Drive free of charge. In acquiring the Drive, the local authority acted wisely, and no small measure of the delights of the thoroughfare is due to the satisfactory manner in which the Council have been looking after it, but to suggest, as was done on Saturday, that the Council were now voluntarily sacrificing for the public weal the income they derived from the tolls was attributing to them a virtue which they could not altogether claim. As a matter of fact, the Council have been loth to lose this source of revenue, and on at least one occasion they obtained the special consent of the Local Government Board to postpone Saturday's ceremony. It is' to a Government department that is due, in real- ity, the thanks for the freedom of the Drive to-day.
—— County Court for Colwyn Bay. It is at length officially reported that County Court sittings are to bo heM in Col- wyn Bay. When the new order will actually come into force is not yet known, but the Registrar's Colwyn Bay Office will be opened in October. It is also stated that the Court Sittings will be held alternately at Colwyn Bay, Conway, and Llandudno. Bearing in mind the volume of business from Colwyn Bay now transacted at the Conway and Llandudno Courts, and the fact that the Courtroom and the Registrar's Office are to be provided by the Colwyn Bay authorities, it would not be too much to expect the Trea- sury to give th-e town a monthly court of its own. Colwyn Bay should be placed at least on level terms with Llanrwst in this matter. The Treasury have been tardy in making their concession, and but for the pertinacity of the Colwyn Bay Council, their Clerk, and Sir J. Herbert Roberts, Bart., as well as the Registrar (Mr R. S. Chamberlain), it is doubt- ful whether it would have been made.
PERSONAL. The Duiko of Westminster's new hydroubJlG, which left England for America on Saturday to take part in the international races at Larch- rnorut, lias been named "Pioneer." -< £ >-—
Colonel the Hon. H. LJoyd Mostyn and Mr Ieuan Mostyn sail.ed. on Friday, tho 29th ult., in the "Empress of Ireland" for a tour in Canada and British Columbia. —■ —
The Hon. E. L. R. Mcstyn, ion of Lord Mostyn, has been appointed ccmpfrcl'sr, and' Mr C. II. Lloyd Edwards, Narthoron, deputy comptroller, of this year' s Anglesey Hunt, with Mfcs Assheton-Smith, of Garden Park, Cheshire, as lady patroness.
■4* "■ ■■ THE. RON, W. ORMSBY GORE. Mr W. Ormxby Gore, M.P., who for some days past has been staying at Welbeck Abbey, Worksop, 8.3 the guest of the Duke of Portland, ia arranging to sa:l for (Canada with -eve rat other Unionist members of Parliament for a political tour, in order to study Imperial repre- sentation and Imperial preference on the spot T!he idea is to visit Winnipeg and! the wheit- growrng areas of the West. He will return hesme for an autumn cainipn ign early in October. Lara week Mr Gore epoko at an Unionist demon- stra,tio,n at Belle Vue, Lord Derby presiding.
MR AND MRS EDWARD LLOYD'S GOLDEN WEDDING. Mr and Mrs Edward Lloyd, of Liverpool and Penygarnedd, Oswestry (the parents of Professor J. E. Lloyd, Bangor), celebrated their golden wedding on Saturday. Mr Lloyd a.nd family are well-known and highly esteemed not only in and around Liverpool, but throughout the greater part of Wales, where they haie many associations. Though a staunch Liberal in politics, Mr Lloyd has never been very inti- mately concerned in aggressive party warfare, nor in municipal matters ;t Liver,oji, though repeatedly invited to contest several wards; but outside the province of hi; own business ho has been prominently identified with magisterial, educational, and other administrative matters, and there has not for many years been any pub- lic movement of a philanthropic or social nature with which he wa.? not identified. As a. justice of the peace for Liverpool, Mr Edward LlQyd has been one of the most consistent in his at- tendance, and particularly as a visiting justice to the prisons. Mr and' Mrs Lloyd usually spend the summer months at their country place, Peny- garnedd, Montgomeryshire, their native county.
0 ■ ■ EATON POLO WEEK. KING OF SPAIN'S VISIT. The Eaton polo week began on Monday, and yesterday (Wednesday) it was honoured by the presence of the King and Queen of Spain. Their .Majesties arrived in England only a week ago, and came to Eaton on a strictly private visit to the Duke and Duchess of Westminster. The King has arranged to take part in the polo tournament, and will play in the Rugby team to-day (Thursday), his colleagues being Lord Castlereagh, Mr G. A. Miller and Mr P. W. Nickplls. A largo house party are being entertained at Eaton, the guests including the following:— Viscount and Viscountess Castlereagh, Viscount and Viscountess Crichton, Lord and Lady Her- bert, Capt. and Lady Muriel Follett, Capt. and Mrs E. D. Miller, Mr and Mrs C. Miller, the Hon. Mrs A. Crichton, Major and Mrs Crichton, Miss Talbot, the Earl of Shrewsbury, the Mar- quis of Stafford, Capt. the Hon. A. Stanley, Capt. Bellville, Mr E. G. Hopwood, Capt. Bowlby, Capt. Brassey, Capt. Harvey, the Hon. J. Vesey, and Mr C. Guthrie. Amongst those who received invitations from the Duke and Duchess of Westminster to witness the polo were:—Major and Mrs Birch, St. Asaph; Mr and Mrs R. Birch, St. Asaph; Sir Fostor Cunliffe, Oxford; Captain, Mrs and Miss Colo, Trefnant; Mr Terrance Cole, Trefnant; Mr and Mrs G. R. Griffith Abergele; Lord and Lady Harleeh and the Hon. W. Ormsby-Gore, M.P.; Colonel H. R. and Mrs Lloyd-Howard and Miss Howard, St. Asaph; Colonel and Mrs IJoldsworth and Miss Asaheton-Smith, Carden PjLrk; Mr H. R. Hughes and the Misses Hughes of Kinmel; Mr and Mrs W. C. and Miss Jones, St. Asaph; Lord Kenyon; Sir Horatio Lloyd, Chester; Gen. the Hon. Sir Savage and Lady Mostyn and Miss Mostyn, Wrexham; Lord and Lady Mostyn and Miss Mostyn; Col. tho Hon. H. and Mrs Mos- tyn, Llandudno; Mr Randall Mainwaring; Lady Naylor-Leyland, Ruthin; Mr and Mrs Hugh Peel, Brynypys; Lord and Lady Penrhyn; the Bishop of St. Asaph and Mrs Edwards; Lord and Lady Sheffield and the Misses Stanley, Alderley Park; Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn and Miss Wynn; Lieut.-Col. R. and Mrs Williams-Wynn.
.p- AN ELABORATE DEVELOPMENT SCHEME. Rhyl is to be developed on its sea front on an elaborate scale, and! private enterprise has stepped1 in to do. what the local authority ap- oarenfciv could not undertake. A svndioate of well-known financiers applied for Parliamentary powers to carry out an ambitious scheme for extending and enlarging Rhyl pier, and just after the "Pioneer" had1 gone to press, last week, the announcement was received that the promoters' scheme had obtained! the Royal assent. One of the charms of Rliyl is its long stretch of sands, perfectly safe for bathing and quite a paracii.se for children. Stild there is ',J18 diaw- back in the fact that at ebb-tides the tea recedes so far-out that with the pier at its present length steamboat communication 13 entirely e'ependont upcn the state of the tide. During the summer months, when the weather permits, steamboat trips must appeal to hundreds of visitors to Rhyl, and it is 'essential that the town should possess facilities for steamers to embark and disembark passengers at aJil stages of the tide. The promote.ra of the new scheme propose to -widen the present pier and extend it to aeep water. They have been assured of the support of the Liverpool and North Wales Steam slap Company, who have for many years during the summer months run a regular service of pk-asxre steamers from Liverpool to the Welsh Coast and the Menai Straits. The company have n s.de arrangements when the jetty is ready that their steamers shall call at Rhyl. Arrangements 1 ave also been made with the Isle of Man Steamship Company to run a service of steamboats to and, from the Isle of Man, and with the Blackpool Passenger Steamboat Company, Limited, to run a service to and from Blackpool. Passengers by steamboat from Liverpool can enjoy two or three hours- more in Rhyl than if they were to proceed to Llandudno. The London and! North-Western Railway Com- pany are also giving the scheme their whole- hearted supported1. They have providcl the pro- moters with a. list of the g'reat towns from vhioh they propose" to run special trains to Rhyl to fit in with thfe steamboat communication at popular rates. A SPACIOUS THEATRE. The improvement to the structure of tie fier will doubtless prove a great boon to the town. There will be in addition other improvements which will effect a transformation of the sea IQ I front in the vicinity of the pior. At the front of tbepresent amphitheatre it is proposed to erect a spacious thcatra capable of accommodating some 2,000 people. Tho blliJding has Lr'en de- signed in artistic line-) and; the interior arrange- ments ensure its adaptability to theatrical and general requremenls. On either s-de a number of shops and build- ings on the "White City" principle will be erec- ted. The whole length up to the present Bijou Pavilion will be free. Here a fine dining hall and! restaurant is to be erected, with risible floor and oak wainscoting. Up to this point tho public will have free access. Altogether this development scheme should proove decidedly beneficial to Rhyl, the manifold) attractions which will thus be pro- vided for visitors go far to enhance the popularity of one of our leading resorts on the North Wales Coast.
FASHIONABLE WEDDING. ,STAPLETON-COTTON-COTTON-JOZ,RELL. ROYAL PRESENTS. No Cheshire marriage for many years past aroused so. much interest as that which took place on Tuesday at Acton Church, Nanfcwich', of Commander Stapleton-Cotton, R.N., M.V.O., aDd Miss Olive Cotton-Jodrell. The bride is the daughter of Colonel Cotton- Jodrell, C.B., of Reaseheath Hall, and Whaley Bridge, Stockport; and the bridegroom is a mem- ber of a distinguished Cheshire family, his f; being' Cornel the Hon. Richard Siapleton- Cottcn, of Plas Lhvynon, Anglesey, lato of the Soots Guard's, and his great grandfather the first iseount Oombermere, who was Welling- ton's cavalry leader in the Peninsula. He is at the present time commander of H.M.S. Pclorua. He will shortly leave these shores in command of the Balmoral Castle which is to convey the Duke of Connaught to South Africa. The bride is the second daughter of Gcloncl Cotton-Jcdrol, C.B., who, as a Unionist, for many years represented in Parliament the Win al Division of Chcsliire and a grand-daughter of the late Bishop Cotton. The wedding ceremony was performed by the Bishop of Chester, assisted by the Rev. J. Stapleton-Cotton, rural dean of Nantwioh, and the Rev. Herbert Moore, vicar of Acton: The bridie wore a dress of ivory «atin with bodice 02mbroidered in pearls and diamente silver and the sleeves embroidered to match. The honeymoon will be spoilt at Bryntirion, Corwen, where the Marquis of Anglesey, oousin o the bridegroom, who was best man, has lent them a residence. WEDDING PRESENTS. The family presents to the bride included t he following:—The Hon. Mrs Stapleton-Cotton, old Venetian lace flounces and berthe; Lady Chet- wode, amethyst and emerald ear-rings. Amongst the presents to the bridegroom were:-T.M. the King and Queen, diamord and sapphire pin; T.M. the Kint7 and Queen of Norway, silver model of a Viking ship; H.R II. Prince-s Victoria, gold anct ruby cigarette oase; H.R.H. Grand Ducihess George Michaelovitch, old Sheffield plate inkstand; Coloncl the lion. n R. and Mrs Cotton, two antique tables and writing bureau; Colon-el and Mrs Cotton-Jodrell, cheque; Lady Cheltwcde and Master Roger Chetwode, watoh; Lady Alexander Paget, silver tea tray; Marquiss of Anglesey, cheque; Vis- count and V;seoun.tess Ingestre, pearl and enamel links; Lord Herbert and' Lady Beatrice Herbert, dd Sheffield' plate vegetable, dishes; Mr and Mrs Robert Stapleton-Cotton, Sir Phillip and Lady Chetwcde, Miss Paulene and Miss Primrose- Stapleton, oantecm of tabi-a silver. Wedding presents were also sent by the fol- lowing Duchess of Westminster, gold and enamel parasol handle; Katherino Duchess of West- minster, silver ocifiee service; Countess' of Dun- donald, Sevres china inkpo.t; Countess Grosver.or, amethyst and' diainord, brooch; tho Hon. Mrs Blezzard', silver s-tit cellars; Major and Mrs Noel Birch, tortoise-shell comb; Mr Vaughan Wynn, chequc; Rev. J. S. Cotton and Mrs Cotton, old print; Col. and Mrs Howard and Miss. Howard', luncheon casket; Col. and Mrs Holdsworih, silver mustard pot; lisSl M. Heron Maxwell, purse bag'; Miss Heron Max- well, silver jewel box Lord Lady Berkley Paget, four silver salt cellars; the servants at Llwynon, doublo reading-lamp and candlestick, j
MILITARY INTELLIGENCE TERRITORIAL FORCE RESERVE. Y eocrna.nry. Francis John Lloyd Priestley (late captain Denbighshire Hussars Yeomanry) to be captain. TERRITORIAL FORCE. 3rd) Welsh Brigade.—Captain Alfred T. Powell to be major; oondLieuts. Davidson, W. Meredith and Edward Ballard to be lieutenants, Welsh Divisional Engineers.— Lieiut. Compel and Hon. Colonel John A. Hughes, C.B.J re- signs his commission, and! is granted) permission to retain his rank and wear the prescribed uni- form. Cheshire Field Company Welsh Divisional Engineers.—John Peroivai Wajnd to be second- lieutenaint.
NEW CANON OF BANGOR CATHEDRAL. The Rev. J. P. Lewis, Rector of Llanysturn- dwy, and formerly vicar of Conway, haa boen apipoinrted by the Bishop an lion, Canoa of Bangor Caltlledra.1.
TARIFF REFORM AND SOCIAL REFORM. (By S. SKELHORN.) Mr BaJfour has said that Tariff Reform must be "the first ooaistructive work of the Unionist party." He puts Tariff Reform first because it is the foundation-stone of all other reforms. Everybody to-day, no matter to what party they belong!, is in favour of Social Reform. But Social Reform means money, and to DO per- manently successful, it demands national stabi- lity. You oarenot build a house on sinking sand or a moving- bog, nor can you have Dregressive legislation unices the nation is securely estab- lished. "Froo Trade" fails to secure either of these conditions. The Free Trader advocates Old Age Pensions and other reforms but he is hard put 'to find the money. Riohard) Cobden was horrified at the idea of our national expen- diture reaching £ 100,000,000, but to-day it is verging upon £ 200,000,000. "Free T-ade" finance cannot cope with such a vast expenditure. The conseqnience is that the free trader be- oomag a political bandit and, adventurer md is tempted to launch upon a course of predatory legislation. Nor does "Free Trade" secure National stability. A French critic has recently said that while capital is still steady in America, Germany and France, in Great Britain it trembler in insecurity like a leaf. These Pro- tected Countries—notwithstanding the Tariff— are like a man who is "fit" and strong, but "Free Trade" Rritni-n, ia lilro n. man v.'knea serves are unstrung and whose muscles iiu ve be- come flabby. There is no doubt whatever that w:hiJe Germany is husbanding her resources and oonsoKdating her States, we are slowly bat suiely passing into decline. Our population, yurned off the soil and poured! into fetid slums is deteriora- ting'; our resources such a. cool are being rapidly ooneiumed!; pauperism and unemployment eat like a cancer at our vitals; and the bonds of the Empire are in danger of breaking, and all be- cause we have bound ourselves with an cixolete and out-worn economic creed. Some people are ignorant (or dishonest) enough to say that Tariff Reform is intended 10 take the thoughts of the people away from (social Reform. On the contrary, Tariff Reformers are Social Reformers in the best senis-o of the Avord1. The plain proof that this is so may be seen in the fact that Tariff Reformers are among tie most earnest advocates of Social Reform. *.f hey are conoerned about Land Reform, the problem of National Defence, the safe,-uardi-ng of our pro- ductive industries, the opening up of new markets, the revival of agriculture, the question of Imperial Federation, the future of Ireland, etc. It is no exaggeration to say that c,ur policy of "Freóö Tradie" has ofcated nearly aT these problems. "Free Tradie" has ruined agricul- tu.rc, depopulated the land, reduced Ireland to poverty, lost us many profitable markets., and weakened our home industries. How then can it be said that a poiiicy with such a record can be a sound basis for Social Reform? 1} e tiee rn j°,wn ky its fruits and the Iruits >>f "Fiee Trade" are dead-sea fruits.
L. & N.W. RAILWAY. REMARKABLE TRADE IMPROVEMENT. ADDITIONAL LAND REQUIRED AT RHYL AND HOLYHEAD. The half-yearly report of th3 London and North-Western Railway, to be submitted at the meeting on Friday next, shows a profit on the half-year's working of £ 2,741,422. There has been an increase, as compared with the corre- sponding period of 1909, of IC219,312 in traffic re- ceipts, rents, etc., while working expenses have been reduced by £8255. Dividends of 4 per cent. per annum on the guaranteed, preference, and preference (1902) stock are recommended, and of 51 per cent. on the consolidated stock, the latter comparing with 4| per cent, for the corresponding period of lasi, year. These dividends will amount to £ 2.038,913; £ 100,000 is to be transferred to the general reserve account, and a balance of £100}135 is left to be carried forward. Passenger receipts amounted to £ 2,994,060, an increase of £ 90,553; and merchandise,, live stock, and mineral receipts E4,365,831, an increase of £127.305. The number of passengers was 38,770,509, being 963,.513 in advance of the period of comparison. The mileage of passenger trains was 14,158,182, an increase of 210,854. Though the tonnage of merchandise and minerals ghows an increase of 765,685, the mileage of goods and mineral trains decreased by 171,101. The directors intimate that they have thought it prudent to make a further grant of B500 to the fiMcls of the British Cotton-Growing Asso- ciation, in addition to the £1000 granted in 1905. Votes of the proprietors are requested for ad- ditional lands and works at Blackpool, Blackwo: d, Burton and HOlme, Cambridge, Chorlev, Craven Arms, Crewe, Deepfields, Ditton, Erdington, Fleetwood, Garston, Holvhead. Livemool. Lon- don, Ludlow, Manchester, Marsden, Mostyn, Northwich Branch, Platt Bridge, Polesworth, Rhyl, Rock Ferry, Shrewsbury; Soho, Spring Vale, and Toft, amounting to £ 94,677.
THE LATE MR. F. MARSHALL, K.C. The funeral took place at Northampton on Friday of Mr Frederic Marshall. K.C., whose death occurred at Herne Bay the previous Mon- day. Mr Marshall started life as a journalist, md j was for a considerable period editor of the "Ches- ter Chronicle." He was called to the Bar by the Inner Temple in 1870, and joined the North Wales and Chester Circuit, of which he was leader at the time of his death. He took silk in 1893, and was later made a bencher of ,-ii inn; had he lived he would have been its next treasurer. Mr Marshall was twice married.
THE CHANCELLOR AT DOLWYDDELEN. Mrs Lloyd George is to open a bazaar in aid of the Calvinistic Methodist Chapel ai, Dohvycld- clen to-day, and has written to say that the Chancellor of the Exchequer will accompany her. Mr William Jones, M.P., will preside at the opening ceremony.
"JERRY M's" VICTORY AT PARIS. K In our reference to the illustration of the hanJ- some trophy awarded to Mr C. G. Assheton- Smith at the Grand Steeplechase do Patfs, when "Jerry M." won the great French race on Juno 19th, it was stated that the photograph showed a model in silver of the shoo worn by "Jerry M in the race. As a matter of fact it was the original shoe, and not a modeL
WELSH MEMBERS IN THE DIVISION LOBBIES. Since the House of Commons met in February there have been 155 divisions, and of these roe lIon. W. Ormsby-Gore took part in 124, Mr J. Herbert Lewis 146, Mr J. W. Summers 110, Sir J. Herbert Roberts 99, and Mr E. G. Hemmerde 36.
THE CHURCHES. On Sunday Mr D. Johnston Jones, a student of the Carmarthen Presbyterian College, entered upon his duties as pastor of the Salisbury Park English Congregational Church, Wrexham. On Saturday week the Countess of Dundonald will lay the foundation-stone of the Llanddulas Church House, the site for which has been given by her free of cost.
CUNARD LINERS ROYALLY IN- SPECTED. The King of Belgium, the Tzar of Bul- garia, and the Countess of FlandeTS are ,among the distinguished visitors to the Brus- sels Exhibition, who have inspected the models of the famous Atlantic liners, and the complete Stato Room fitted on the Cunard Steamship Company's stand.
It is announced in the Eighth Infant-ry Brigade ordera alt Devonport, under the head of "Discipline," that "soldiers are forbidden to eat firsh, and chips in. the street when in uniform." Five men were admitted tor Chester Infirmary on Frldlæy, 8Ill suffering from burns, which are the result of a colliery fire which broke out in the fralchog or Main CoaJ Colliery, Northop Hall, earlier m the dag.
MELBA AT LIJANDUDNO. CROWDED PAVILION ENTRANCED. A REMARKABLE INCIDENT. (By Our Special Reporter.) Madame Melba appeared for the first time before a North Wales audience, on Saturday afternoon last, when a gathering estimated a.t about 3000 people gave the famous prima. donna a great -welcome in the Pier Pavilion. She sang six songs, including three encore items, and her singing was characterised by that perfect execution and wonderful purity of tone which have won for her world-wide fame. For her sixth number, the last encore, M-elba chose Arditti's "Rosebud," but had only sung the opening bars when she sudden- ly stopped. With a smile and deprecatory wave of her arm the diva turned, spoke to tho accompanist, ajid then resumed amid the applause of the audience, who fully appre- ciated what was probably. an unique incident in Melba's concert expenenca. The prima donna had turned over two pages of her copy in mistake, and though she had sung this particular song hundreds of times the in- cident momentarily put her out. The absence of any embarrassment on the part of the accompanist, who did not cease play- ing, was an indication of the perfect under- standing between Melba and Mr Landon Ronald, b who for the last eighteen years has accompanied the great singer on her tours. Melba was attired in a cream costume and black picture hat with ostrich plumes, and her first appearance was greeted with loud cheers, which she smilingly acknow- ledged. Than absolute silence prevailed as the opening chords of Faust's "Jewel Song" were played. This song has always been- associated with Melba's greatest triumphs. In it she displays the perfect execution and control of her voice. The exquisite purity of her notes throughout the register is won- derfully illustrated; and the ease with which she reached top C was remarkable. In Bishop's song, "Lo! hear the gentle lark," we had further opportunity to appreciate and wonder at the astonishing flexibility and range of her voice. The runs, trills and staccato not-as glittered and scintillated, and compelled general admiration for the wonder- ful vocal mechanism ovor which she has such absolute command. In the latter song Melba was accompanied by piano and flute, the obligate being played in faultless style by Mr Ncedham, who is principal flautist in the Halle Orchestra. In this instance the voicef, the flut-c notes and the piano chords struck the ear as though all were produced by machine, so precise the time and so de- lightful was the blend of melody. Many, however, would perhaps pre- fer tha exquisite rendering of Tosti's great ballad, "Good-bye," to the more brilliant vocalisation and display of colorature Melba gave in these songs. It has sometimes been said that Melba's voice, though unquestionably a brilliant one, lacks warmth, but if any critics were pre- sent, their views on this point probably underwent transition as the audience listened spellbound lo the diva's interpretation of the song. Those who remember how Patti sang "Home, sweet home," experienced almo,st the same sensation on Saturday as they heard the beautiful voice charged with tender emotion singing— I What are wo waiting for? oh, my heart! Kiss me straight on the brow and part: Again, again, my heart! What arei we waiting for, you and I? A pleading look-a stifled cry, Good-bye for ever! Good-bye f Good-bye As the last notes died away the speJl was broken, and thunderous applause resounded throughout the building. Twice Madame Melba returned and bowed lifer acknowledg- ments, but the audience would not be denied, and tho great diva with a gratified smile at tho warmth of her reception eventually re- sponded. The prima donna was assisted by several eminent artistes, including Miss Isabel Le- tham, violinist, who playod with wonderful expression' and beauty of tone; Miss Evelyn Doyle, who sang charmingly; and Mr Fred- eric Brandon, whose piano-playing was a revelation. Backhaus himself never had a greater reception at Llandudno than Mr Brandon had upon the conclusion of the "Wadding March" (Mendelssohn-Liszt). It was a brilliant performance, and an encore was persistently demanded. We understand that Mr Brandon, who studied at Leipsic, has acted as musical director for Messrs Levea: Bros., at Port Sunlight, for some years.
MELBA INTERVIEWED. (By Our Reporter). The visit of the "Qu-een of Song" to Llan- dudno had been eagerly anticipated for some time. Immediately the announcement of Melba's concert was made in these columns some weeks ago, the Pier Company were in- undated with enquiries for seats. The con- cert was timed to commence at three o'clock, but long before that hour people thronged the entrar-oc-s to Llandudno's Temple of Music, eagerly awaiting admission, and by three o'clock the Pavilion was comfortably filled, though by no means overcrowded. It had been stated by some contemporaries that this was Madame Melba's first appear- ance in Wales, but the famous artiste assured our representative that this was not correct. "I have sung once before in your 'Land of Song,' said Madame Melba, "and that was at Cardiff, about two years ago, but this is my first -visit to lovely North Wales, and what a beautiful country it is." Madame Melba arrived at Llandudno on Friday, and stayed at the. Grand Hotel. On Saturday evening, she dined with Mr Harold Rathbone, a nephew of the late Mr William Rathbone, once member of Parliament for North Carnarvonshire. Mr Rathbone was one of the first to welcome Madame Melba to Eng- land in tho early stages of her brilliant career. She and her husband met Mr Rath- bone at the house of a mutual friend, and during the evening Melba quite casually sat at a piano and asked whether lie would like a song. Mr Rathbone, who is a lover of music, replied in the affirmative. Madame Melba then sang "There you are," and at" the close exclaimed "What did you think of that?" "I thought I could hear ten thou- sand people loudly cheering you" was the prophetic reply. One wonders how many tens of thousands havei been enehantcd by that divine voice since then. As already stated, there were about 3000 listening to her at Llandudno. Yet, we were assured that that was "the smallest 'house' Madame Melba has sung to on this tour!" • • Saturday's concert was the last of a tour arranged for Melba by Messrs Schultz, Curtis, and Powell, of London, prior to her departure for America. < < Melba, left Llandudno on Sunday for Lon- don, and sails from Liverpool on Saturday, the 13th inst, on the "Campania," for New York, en route for Canada. « • • • During the afternoon, Madame Melba was besiewd"in her ante-room by numerous photo- graphers, and picture postcards sent up by members of the audience for her signature, and at the close of the concert hundreds of people crowded round the stage entrance eager to get another glimpse of the great singer. But they wfre doomed to disappoint- ment, as Madame Melba reached her hotel from the Pavilion through a private under- ground passage. In all her songs, Madame Melba was ac- In all her songs, Madame Melba was ac- companied by Mr Landon Ronald, the famous conductor and composer. It is a noteworthy fact that Mr Landon Ronald is the only per- son who has played the accompaniments for Madame Melba in this country during the past cighteem. years, with but one or two ex- ceptions, when ho was unable to appear through illness. Mr Ronald is the conductor of the Sunday concerts at Blackpool this season. On Saturday morning, Mr Ronald attended the Pierhead concert, and after- wards informed me that Mr Payne's band was the best of its size he had ever heard at a seaside resort. Such a high compliment must prove gratifying to Mr Payne, and his Orchestra., although it is an opinion which has been endorsed by several other eminent critics who have attended the Pier concerts this season. » During the afternoon, Madame Melba was presented with a beautiful basket of choice exotics, on behalf of the Llandudno Pier Company, and also a huge bouquet by a lady member of the audience. < t Mr Vincent Needham, who played the flute obligato, is principal flautist of the Hallo I Orchestra, and under him, Mr F. C. Haton, of the Llanduduo Orchestra, received hia training. » I
THINKS LLANDUDNO IS DIVINE. In conversation with our representative, Madame Melba expressed herself highly de- I lighted with her first visit to North Wales. "What do you think of Lhmd udno?" asked I our reporter. "I think it is divine," replied the diva, I enthusiastically. "And how do you like the Pavilion to sing & "Oh, it is a magnificent hall: so nice and ,airy, and the audience, too, were so appreci- ative. Llandudno itself is simply charm- ing." Melba alluded to the incident in her last song. She turned ov.er two pages of the music copy instead of one, and though she had sung it hundreds of times, she could not reoo.Ilt such a thing happening before. "Tell them I apologise for the mistake," re- marked the prima donna, laughingly, as she disappeared through the subway on her way to the hotel. J
MUSICAL NOTES. By Peter Edwards, Mus. Bac (Pedr Alaw), y Rhyl. A NEW EISTEDDFOD FOR CHILDREN- The Welsh people of Bootle, Liverpool, are preparing for an, EksbedtLiod to be heMI early in the new year. There is a festival held! annually in Liverpool, but that is) more like the English gathering of that name than many of the WeMi people of Liverpool like. It is to, bq hoped the new Ohddiren'fl Eisteddfod!—whidh I uncferstaoid will be somewhat similar to those held in Wales with siueih success—wild flourish. « A SUCCESSFUL CONDUCTOR. I give a few details) respecting one who is known, far andi wide as the conductor of the Moelwyn Mate Choir, of Festiriiog—one who was trained, musically, in the school called1 Self-IIeilp. Mr Cadwaladr Roberts has had to study music during leisure hours, following upon his daily toil—hours wlicn mind and botfy are weary. To a very great extent he has mastered' has circum- stances, and has now the satisfaction of know- i-ng that his labours in the dbmm of music neve been crowned with a large measure of success. Mr Ca.(Ilwaladr Roberts was bom ait Tany- grisiau, Blaenau Festiniog. When he was 20 years of age he was nominated t:he leader of the singing in the Congregational Church at lany- grisiau. lie immediately formed a mixed choir which won many prizes at the local Eii-iedd- foda.u. Later on this choir caine to be known as the "Biaenau Festiniog Choral Union," and has won many prizes in the leading Eiste-ddf xlaiu. They have been successful many times at Dol- g'elley, Corwen, Pwllheli, Bala, Oswestry, Bangor, LIanrwst, A berystwyth, Colwyn Bay, Carnarvon, New Brighton, Wrexliam, and the '011 Llandudno National Eisteddfod. They lipi-o also performed) many of the chief oratorios. At the Blacnau Festiniog National Eisteddfod they performed' "The Elijah" (Mendelssohn), "Ystorm Tiberias'" (Stephen.), and "Traeth y Lafan" (Chiistmas Williams).. They have also performoo "Acis and Galatea" (Handel), "The Messiah" (Hande]), "Saint Paul" (Mendelssohn), "Twelfth Mass" (Mozart), "Gwedidi Habacao" (Aimbrosp Lloydo, "David and Goliaeth" (Jenkins), etc. About 25 years ago Mr Roberts formed a male voice choir which is well known under the name of the "Moelwyn Royal Malo Voice Ohoir." With this choir he has been even more si-cccssful than with the Mixed' Choir. The Mociwyn Choir has won from £ 3CC0 to £ 4000 in prizes. They have been successful' many times at Llan- diidno, Bala, Rhyl, Corwen, Llanrwst, Aber- gele, Carnarvon, Colwyn Bay, Newtown, Oswestry, Dolgelley, Aerefair, Bwkshgwyn, Chester, New Brighton 'and the Llandudno National Eisted'dfcd. They also won the certi- ficate of merit in the international contest at Cardiff. They have also chad' the honour of ap- pearing bcfq-ø our late King, Edward VII., Queen Alexandra, and the Princess Vic-ona on board tho Royal Yacht. Our late King was de- lighted with the singing of the choir, andi per- sonalty expressed to the venerable oondWoor his appreciation of the high pitch of perfection at- tained. This year choir have been for a four months tour in America whidh has proved a grea-t success. Mr Roberts is also very well-known in other circles beside the musical circle. Ho takes the greatest interest in every good cause. Last year be was made J.P. for the county of Merioneth. # H H TWO NEW SONGS. The following two songs have been sent in for notice in this column, viz, "Hen Aelwyd fy Mam" ("The Old Hearth), and' "Y Garreg Filltir" ("The Milestone). They are both com- posed by that excellent Welih song-writer, Mr John Henry, of Liverpool, and are published by Hugh Evans and Sons, "Brython" OHioe, Liveir pool. The titles at once suggest the kind1 of music we are to expect. It is of the "homely" kind; melodious amt, at times, touching in its appeal to our dieeper emotions. Those who seek easy songs to sing- as encores or otherwise will find these serviceable. They are sure to become popular, especially in Welsh circles. » SINGERS' FAILINGS. The recent advice of Miss Agnes Nicholls to young singers is well worth noting by them as well as the odder ones. Sale 4cloes not say that which is particularly new; still, it is worthy of oarefid oonskteration. Site says she lives for her work alone. It is the only way if one is to achieve any measure of success as a ginger. For only by constant study is it possible to acquire tha.t¡ range of knowledge which enables one to pub to the best use whatever talents one may possees. She fears this fact is scarcely realised by many aspiring young singers of to-day. Many with talent enter upon a MUSICAL CAREER too lightly, so to speak. Probably they possess a splendid' voice, which has been well: trained, and they think that-,andl that alone—is going to carry them to the top of the tree. Instead1 of studying so that the may adapt themselves to aH kinds of music, tlaey content themselves wm doing one thing. That is not enough They should be seeking fresh ideas every day and training themseives in what might be termed the general gronndl-work of ail branches of music. It is because tho majority of Continental artistes do this, while young' students in this country neglect ii. that so many of the former succeed where British vocalists faij. She dbes not consider that Londbn< should be re,garded as THE MECCA OF SINGERS, although so many of them think that uniless they go to the Metropolis the possibilities of success are very email. In London the competition is so keen that many good provincial singers would find they were not nearly so well off if they went there. It is a. great mistake to suppose that sing-incr in London means success. Miss Nicholls is a great believer in the old saying that anything dome well leads to some- t'hiwy else, a.nd! this' she has found to be true in her own case. Someone would1 hear her sing! at one concert, and then she would be asked to sing at another. It is the same In opera.. MissNicholls has won her position as our leading British soprano by sheer energy coupled,of course" with exceptional ta'cnt. Onlv sixteen years age she gained a scholarship at the Royal College of Music, at the age of seventeen. Two years after she and Miss Muriel Foster both appeared in the first jxsrformance in English of Verdi's "Failstaff," when it was produced by the Royal CoJlûgo students. A year later she appeared at the Gloucester Festival and at once established herselif as a prime favourite in oratorio. She h also appeared many times in opera, and has had a warm reception at His Majesty's Theatre during Mr Beecham's reoent "season" there.
Whilst working at Bromfield Colliery, near Mold, on Friday, John E. Braddteck (22), of Tryddyn, who was attending a tub, was killed by another tub dashing into him. He sustained a fractured skull, and died almost immediately. John Alexander Dickman was hanged on Tuesday for the murdler of John Innes1 Nisbet,. oolliery cashier, in a railway in between Newcastle and Morpeitha
ANTIQUARIAN NOTES. "HISTORY OF THE GWYDIR FAMILY." This book has been famous for generation* J among antiquaries and local historians Of North Wales. It was originally written b# Sir John Wynne, "The first Baronet of t:hat name, who was born in 1553." He created Baronet in 1611, but he had b<*j. knighted about fifteen years before that, tw was the son of Morris Wynne, of Gwydir, so a grandson of John Wynne ap Meredyld, who built Gwydir "Castle, and who did J 3553, the year his famous grandson was b01"^ The author's mother was Jane, daugl1* of Sir Richard Bulloeley, Beaum?1"1 He had thirteen children — eleven and two daughters. He died on tho 1st of March, 1626, aged 73. He was in his honours and estates by his second Richard Wynne. His eldest son, John, in 1614, whilst travelling in the North Italy, and when only 30 years of age. Sir John Wynne did not publish his i"aril0(1a "History of the Gwidir Family." only in manuscript when he died in 16-t3, it remained in manuscript for 144 longer, that is, until a gentleman of y name of Daines Ban-ington took upon A self to edit and publish it in 1770. x.0 Honourable Daines Bar ring-ton was fourth son of Viscount Barrington. He 6 brought up as a lawyer, and became^ "second justice of Chester." He died. 1800 ,aged 73. The first and second editi° of the "History of tho Gwedir Family" their appearance to him. It did not i to be a secret at the very beginning Barrington was the edit: of the first edit^^ though his name does not appear in the anywhere. He left his interesting n duction to it without his initials even, was printed in London, in 1770, for a Jl1 named B. White. -r In 1781 a publisher of the nim-3 Nichol, London, published a book "Daines Barrington's Miscellanies," contains Sir John Wynne's "History oi Gwidir Family," and this.is considered a5 second edition of it. Its appearance aI!lo. Barrington's other Miscellanies in this made it evident that the first appear-00 0 the book was due to him also. The third edition, "with additional j by a native of the Principality (Angha^^ by a native of the Principality (Angha^^ Llwyd, of Caerwys), to which is ,a Memoirs of Contemporary Welshmen, J etc., by the same author," was Po- lished at Ruthin by R. Jones, in Angharad Llwyd is not at all an Ulill-DOVFII name relating to Welsh literature, and J I can find no reference to her in Biographical Dictionary of Welsh Celebrity She was the daughter of the Reverend Lloyd, rector of Caerwys from 1778 to 1', This is what Pennant says about him y Advertisement to his "Tours" (1810 editio^ "Tho loss I sustained in 1793, by the of the Reverend John Lloyd, rector of Clu wye, my worthy and constant attendant all my excursions, was most severely felt IJ1 11 most sincerely lamented. None equalled for variety of information, which his gf' i knowledge of our ancient language quaJI d him to give to my singular instruction; uJJ which I grieve to express with posthulno gratitude." The father evidently h +i,0 great deal to do with giving to Wales "fv invaluable substantial accuracy of the ^Te,-u^ element in Pennant's "Tours;" and daughter gave to Wales probably the 'y- edition of Wynne's "History of the family," and she also took the prize atTr £ i, Beaumaris Eisteddfod in 1832 for "The B-'f tory of Anglesea," which she afterwards pu lishcd, and is considered a standard i on the subject; yet these two are not in our Biographical Dictionaries--excep ,kS'. the thre9 or four lines given in Ff°u Dictionary to the father, which, stran?'" sa.y, is not repeated in Owen Jones' in this instance; The fourth edition of Wynne's "Historv ° the Gwidir Family" was published in 1 by Woodall and Venables, Oswestry, edJ by Mr Askew Roberts. Tabulated, the editions of the are t,hc-,e:- 1st, edited by Daines Barrington, 1770rs 2nd, among "Daines Barrington's 1 oellanies," 1781. 3rd, edited by Angharad Llwyd, with ad tional Notes, 1827. 4th, edited by Askew Roberts, 1878. YSPYTTY BRIGANDS. On page 135 of Syr John Wynne's tory," edition 1770, we read of Yspytty If-111 j "From the towne of Conway to Bala, an from Nantconway to Denbigh (when Wia did happen to cease in Hirwethog, countrey adjoining to Nantconway), tb<^ was continually fostered a wasp's nest, w'llCf troubled the whole oountrey, I mean a ship belonging to St. John's, of Jerusalem' calied Spytty Ievan, a large thing, v/h'1^ had privilege of sanctuary. This prcul'ilf jurisdiction, not governed" by the King laws, became a receptacle of thieves &11 murtherers, who safely being warranted the1''0 by law, made the place thoroughly peopled. Noe spot within twenty miles safe from their incursions and robberies, aI1 what they got within their limits were -9 owne. They had to their backstay friend9. and receptors in all the country of Merioneth and Powisland. These "helping th« former desolations of Nantconway, preying upon that oountrey, as the!! next neighbours, kept most part of that oountrey all waste and without inhabi- tants." It is then that Sir John justifies hIS ancestor Meredith ap Ifan for leaving his hoin0 in Eiyionydd, that is; the country-side abov Criccieth, and coming to live in the Conway Valley. The place was depopulated, he says* owing to the depredations of the dwellers Yspytty Ifan and their friendlj from Merioneth and Powys. Sir John goes on to sav that freeholder after another came under the protec- tion of his ancestor Meredith, and he hints a.t some laws that caus-ed people to icso their pro- party in land by leaving unfiihL'ed /or t*? yeaj-B aorne mysterious obligations to their Lord, "Such were the laws in those days, and aje stii'» that if the King's tenant holding in freehold*, or freeholder holding under any other Lord, did cease for two years to do hie service to thf King or Lord, the said may re-enter." Lú "re-entering" means that the land fell back toO bo the property of the King or Lord of the Manor, if it was proved that the freeholder hla43 neglect.ed hi¡, duties to his superior. Most ¡J1 terasting names are given in the "History" of Farms and Holders who joined with Sir John to put dlown the Yapytty Brigands. Witimately h« and his liegeman drove the robbers from th district. Tradition, after Sir John, says tb they were driven so far that they settled In Mawddwy, and booame afterwards known 80S Gwyliiald Oochion Mawddwy (The Red OtitlavvO of Mawdd!wy). Archdeacon Thcanas, in hiS "Higtory of the Diocese of St. Asaph," under the heading Yspytty Ifan, niake3 his reader3 douibt whether the old inhabitantr; of Yspytty were as pkmderous as Sir John Wynne wants to make them out to be. Meredydd ap leuall, his ancestor, first came to Lanconway, he says' in the beginning of the reign of Henry VII. (see "Wynne's History," first edition, p. 136). Tbio was a terrible time in Wade*, the last stag-e Of the Wars of the Roses. A Large house and family here up in arms against a large h.nu'iO and family there, was the tale throughout the length and breadth of the country. Treachery, feud and robbery wero rampant. Every maw of note in Wales wa-s either Red or White; ana even on the field of battle some changed their colour. These were days when a man like Mcr- edydd ap Ieuan could come to the Vale of Con- way about 1490, and settle down there, though he had no ancestral rights there, and in a fevr years make himselif the master of the whole district. The War of the Roses had so terribly unsettled society, and especially had given risa to family feuds to such an extent, that the country w-As boiling with petty warfares between, families. The best remedy to this was to have, a man in a district strong enough to be with- out a mmiter. Such did Meredith ap Icuan prove to be in the Vale of Conway, The remedy was drastic, no doubt. T-h-ere is a secret 1-0 traditional feeling of oppression still lingering to this day in the legend tha.t the author, Sir John Wynne himself, is now doing pen nance for his oppressions under the rapids of Swallow Falls. Bettwsycoed; and he was born only about 70 years after his great-grandfather, Meredith, first oame to the district. As Archdeacon Thomas says. Sir John Wynne is not an unprejudiced witness regarding the outlawry of the inhabi- tants of Yspytty. There were feuds undoubted. ly, and the right of sanctuary in Yspytty would be as a "city of refuge" in many a oaee. gibiy ateo tho mep tnne sheltered would now.