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PONTYCYMMER. Lady Missioner.—The pulpit at the Eng- |3sh Congregational Chapel was occupied on Sunday by Miss Ohven Davies, whose elo- quent discourses were thoroughly appreci- ated. More Houses for the Ganv.—Excavation «as been commenced in readiness for theerec- ijpn of 36 dwelling houses adjoining Hill view, Pontycymmer. The houses, Ave under- hand, will be built chiefly by the Ffaldau ^°al Company. Funeral.—On Friday afternoon the mortal ternains of Trevor Thomas., son of Mr. and1 ^rs. W. Thomas, Tynton House, were in- red at Pontycymmer Cemetery. The funeral was largely attended, the procession ~ping headed by the juvenile members of the ~°se of Garw Lodge, of which deceased was Illeiiiber. The Rev. W. Saunders officiated, assisted by the Revs. W. A. Williams, Blaen- §ar\v, K. John, Tondu, and W. Reynolds, *ion. Wedding.—On Wednesday morning a ^etty and fashionable wedding was solem- nised at the Noddfa Baptist Church, the par- being Mr. Francis John Thomas, elder of Mr. William Thomas, Bromvydd, Pant- ^8°g. and Miss Mary Gronow, youngest daughter of Mr. William Gronow, High- eVeet, Pontycymmer. The bride, who was ^lven away by her father, was attired in pale Native eoline, trimmed with cream silk, with c|"eani hat trimmed with mauve flowers, and' carried a magnificent bouquet of white dahlias and ferns, the gift of the bridegroom. e bridesmaid was Miss Matilda Westcombe, ^■ynmenin', who wore a crepeline dress, jammed- with cream silk, w ith cream picture £ at. TJie duties of best man were discharged •[v. Mr. Hugh Stott. brother-in-law ot the bridegroom. Others in the bridal party ?^i'e Miss Elizabeth Ann Butler, Brynmenin £ jiss Vene Westcombe, Brynmenin and Miss jpizabeth Martha. Thomas, Fbntyrhii. These, ?gether with the bridesmaid, carried exqu- Slte buoquets of sweet peas, gifts of the bride- ^'ooni. The Rev. W. Saunders, C.C., and ^e R^v. W. Reynolds. Zion, officiated. After the ceremony a reception was held at the 7°Use of the bride, to which many guests were invited. Subsequently, the happy couple *h'ove to Bridgend to take train for Ilfra- tOInbe for the honeymoon. The bride tra- v^lled: in a cream serge cloth costume, with loured silk embroidery, and cream silk hat. ■^hey we re made the recipients of many useful Resents.
NANTYMOEL. A Musical Mem.—Mr. John Edwards, son of and Mrs. Henry Edwards, Chapel-ter- ^?t-e. Nantymoel, made himself quite a favou- Jjte as a concert vocalist among Pembroke- shire audiences. Mr. Edwards is a most pro- mising artiste, and' possesses a rich baritone %oice. FUR AND FEATHER SHOW. I The X antymoel P'oultry. Pigeon, and Cage '•'d Society held their first members' show the BlaenogAvr Hotel, and brought together splendid lot of exhibits. This is the first of a. series of sho" s which are to be held Monthly, and the committee are to be con- gratulated on its turning out such a success. A he secretary is Mr. W. Graves. The follow- ll}g is the list of awards:- t Old English game: 1, 2, and 3, Mason and **d wards. Aiiy other variety 1 and 3, W. Graves; 2, "• Smith. A Bantams, black or red spangled 1 and 3, -^a-son and Edwards; 2. F. Berrett. Any other variety: 1 and 2, Mason and Awards; 3, T. Bail. ^Pigeons, bred' in 1909: 1, D. Turner; 2. Furley; 3, A. Whitford. Pigeons, any variety: 1, J. Morris; 2", C. ^homas; 3, D. Turner. Cage Birds any variety 1, J. Bromham; 2, r. Furley; 3, G. John. w Rabbits, any variety: 1, E. A. Hale; 2, W. ilmott; 3, T. Matthias; 4, W. Wilmott.
OGMORE VALE. Outing.—The children attending Philadel- phia Baptist. Sunday School had their annual 'Siting at Porthcawl on Monday in favourable ^eatlier. A most enjoyable day was spent. Ambulance.—An ambulance class has been brined by the G.W.R. men, and a meeting as held on Sunday last, when 24 members "W'ere enrolled. The instructor is Dr. Ander- and Mr. W. Davies, signalman, is the on. secretary. Picnic.—The young people attending the ■English Congregational Chapel held a very *f>ujoyable picnic on Llest-cwm-Llorwg moun- ts in on Wednesday last in glorious weather, Avhen, to the delight of all, very amusing -Saiiiee were indulged in. The chief item was a "Marathon'' race confined to ladies. Funeral.—The funeral of the late Mr. Peter Evans, John-street, took place on Saturday. and was very largely attended. The inter- ment was made at the Cemetery, Ogniore \ale, the Rev. J. W. Treharne (Calvary) offi- ciating. The deceased leaves a widow audi <0ne child, with whom much sympathy is felt.
GILFACH GOCH. Funeral.—The funeral of Mrs. Ruth Lloyd, Llewellyn-terrace, wife of Mi-. David Lloyd, old inhabitant, took place on Saturday, fhe body was conveyed by hearse to Glynogwr •4«r interment. The Rev. E. Owen officiated -at the house and grave side. Thefts of Coal.—For stealing coal, the pro- J?(*i'ty of the Glamorgan Coal Company. Gil- ■^ach Goch, Hannah Beatrice Schorfield, 1 kcotch-row; Verina Maud Cantwell, 15 kcotch-roAV, and Hannah Mary Morgan, 1 icholas-terrace, were, at Ystrad on Monday, fil(lkl .5s. each. Local Correspondent.—Our correspondent Giifach Goch is Mr. D. Hopkin Davies, -'i>tot'tford House. Gilfach Goch. Intimations <t.I.í forthcoming eventSj tickets of admit-sion, JL — a — — andi items of general interest may be sent to him, or to tHe head office, Queen-street, Bridgend.
M k THE PREMIER could tell you that Cabinet-Making: is an Art. THE SOUTH WALES FURNISHERS • '<' Are ARTISTS IN CABINET MAKING" With 25 years' experience. Let us show you what we can do. '1 ¡ I t. ¡ — Cash or Easy Terms. Largest Stocks. Lowest Prices. COMMERCIAL STREET, Maesteg. WYNDHAM STREET, Bridgend. ( i ,:tl.
BLAENGARW. Marathon Race.—Though a large number left the valley on Monday for the miners' "^«mon st ration at Brynmenin, J^rthcaAvl ^Ports, and Bettws Sports, there was a great 9**0 W<I to witness the start of the Marathon raee in connection with the B«ttws Sports. 'Valedictory Sermon.—The Rev. W. A. Wil- pastor of Bethania Church, prebched his farewell sermon to a crowded congrega- +l°n 011 ^unday evening prior to his taking up ijte pastorate of Tabernacle Baptist Chapel, Olltypridd. 1 Scholastic.—Mr. John Ellis Williams, the (>.dest eon of the Rev. W. A. Williams, who i hag been attending Bridgend Intermediate School, has been successful in the Welsh Ma- tl'iciilat Ioil examiiiatioti. Now that the family has removed' from the locality it is hkely that Mr. Williams will pursue his Scholastic career at some other school. Colliery Mems.—All haste is being made at International Colliery to re-etart the old So. 2 level, which has been idle over 20 5'fars. A new engine has been fixed for the incline, by which the coal will be lowered ""Own to the screens and empty trams drawn UP- It is to be hoped that the re-starting of ^his colliery will provide employment for many of the Darran men now thrown out of employ- ment.
HEOLYCYW. United Methodists.—A meeting of a very social character took place last week, when a large number of friends met together to have tea and bid good-bye to Rev. R. R. Green- slade. who has served the Methodist cause in this circuit during the past three years in an able manner. During the eA-ening, Mrs- Hall, on behalf of the congregation, presented I a gentleman's dressing case to the rev. gentle- man. School Treat.—The annual outing of the United Methodist Sunday School took place on Monday, when the children, parents, and a few friends, numbering about 120, were conveyed to PorthcaAvl in fiye large breaks. Thanlis are due to the Sunday School super- intendent, Mr. A. Hall. to Mr. G. Warran, Mr. E. Gregory, and others who helped to make the day successful. A safe return was made at 7.30, after an enjoyable day had been spent.
BRYNCETHIN. Flower Sendee.—The annual children's floAver service in connection Avitli St. Theo- dore's Church Sunday School took place on Sunday. Rev. S. OAven officiated in the mor- ning, and the Rev. Morgan Thomas (Rector of Bettws) in the afternoon and' evening. There were crowded congregations. Solos were rendered by Miss A. Gifford and Mr. J. Jenkins (Pontyrhyl), and recitations by Miss H. Gifford, while a chorus was given by the children. Miss G. Takel presided at the or- gan. A splendid selection of flowers was given by the children, and these Avere after- wards forwarded to the hospital.—The annual treat took place on the folloAving day. About 200 sat down to tea, and sports and games folloAved in a field kindly lent by Mr. H. Williams (Bryncethin Farm). Credit- is due to the superintendent (Mr. Tom Pugsley) and the secretary (Mr. Ivor Faull) for the excel- lent arrangements. It should be stated that the Rev- S. Owen (curate), Mr. C. H. O'Regan (churchwarden), and Mrs. O'Regan also ren- dered valuable assistance. The tray holders were Mrs. Roper, Mib. Thomas (Police Sta- tion), Mrs. J. Williams. Misses R. James, B. Richards, and G. Thomas.
MARGAM FARMER S SUCCESS. At the recent Welsh Agricultural SIIOAV, held at Aberystwyth, Mr W. Thomas, Egiwys- nynydd Farm. Margam, Avon the champion prize in the Shire classes in which two-year- olds and yearlings c-culd compete. This Avas an excellent achievement, for Mr. Thomas won Avith a yearling colt and against some of the- leading breeders in England, amongst them being Messrs. Muntz and Green. The two-year-old filly that won the champion prize in her class competed in this class also. Mr. I Thomas's colt is a grand animal, and is stated to be one of the best ever bred in the district.
BETTWS SPORTS. Successful sports were held at BettAvs on Monday. In addition to a number of foot and cycle events, there was a. trotting handi- cap. The Marathon race was over the road from Blaejigarw to Bettws and then eight laps of the field. The handicapping was satisfac- torily performed by Mr. Ted Lewis, Ponty- pridd, and the secretarial duties were effi- ciently discharged by Mr. D. Evans, Bettws, who had a capable assistant in Mr. William Evans, Tydanyreghvys. Mr. O. P. Traherne is president of the society. Mr. A. H. Averill acted as starter, and the following were judges:—Messrs. John Crook, Griffith EdAvards, and Evan Griffiths. The following were the resnlts:- 120 Yards Open Handicap: 1. W. Thomas. Pontycymmer. 15^ yards; 2, Alfred Hoskinge, Cardiff. 14 yards. 240 Yards Open Handicap: 1. W. E. Hill, Aberkenfig, 17 yards; 2, Wm. Thomas, Pont- ycvmmer, 25 yards. 120 Yardis Novice Race 1. John Richmond, Aberkenfig. 18 yards; 2, John Dawe, Ponty- cvmmer. 16 yards. Marathon Race: 1, J. Leyshon, Bridgend; 2, D. John, Blaengarw. One Mile Open Bicycle Handicap: 1. J. Godden. Bridgwater. 160 yard's; 2. W. J. Davies. Aberdare, 125 yards (prize Avithheld). Two Mile Open Bicycle Handicap: 1. W. J. Davies. Aberdare. 150 yards (prize Avithheld); 2, J. Godden, BridgAvater, 180 yards. 1!, Miles Open Trotting Handicap: 1. H. Mat thews's (Gwernlhvyii. Farm, Bettws) Little. Beauty; 2. T. Williams's (Brynmenin) Brandy.' There Avas a dispute about this race and the prizes have been Avithheld1 until the committee make investigations.
CINEMATOGRAPH PANIC. BOY.KILLED: OTHER CHILDREN INJURED. A panic, which resulted in the death of one child and injuries to eignt- others, two of whom were seriously injured, occurred on Saturday afternoon at a cinematograph enter- tainment in the Victoria Hall, Portsmouth. The audience consisted mainly of children While the second film was being shewn an electric wire fused, causing the film to snap and ignite. There was no danger, for the operator ex- tinguished the flames in a few minutes, but the panic which had seized the audience was not easily dispelled. The baud continued to play, and many children and adults re- turned to their seats. In the gallery, however, were some 200 children, who rushed to the exits to make their escape. During the pressure of the rush the side rail of the bannister gave wa.y, and a number of the little ones were precipitated into the corridor. They made pell mell for the staircase leading to the side- exit, and be- came Avedged in a shrieking mass in the door- way at the bottom leading out into the street. The cries of the children attracted the at- tention of the spectators at the United Ser- vice Officers' recreation ground on the oppo- site side of the road, where a cricket match was in progress. Among those who hurried to the aid of the children were Colonel Tur- ner and Mr. Charles Bruere, who by main force pulled from the living pack some forty or fifty children and placed them in a position of safety in the street. Meanwhile the fire brigade had been called out. In about a quarter of an hour the hall was clear, the elder members of the audience having filed out quietly. Most of the children revived when they got into the open air again, but when the corridor was cleared the dead body of a little bov was found. He was John Henry Graham, of Landport, aged eleven.
MR, REID'S AMERICAN HOLIDAY. A wire from New York on Monday stated that Mr. Whitelaw Reid, United States Am- bassador in London, was expected there on Friday next. In all probability he will have an early interview with Mr. Taft at Beverley, when, presumably, the matters to be dis- cussed will include the interesting question of his successor in the British capital. There is nothing extraodinary, however, in Mr. Reid's trans-Atlantic trip. He is simply enjoying his customary leave of absence, and private advices from a trustworbhv source point to his returning to London for another year fit I lgast*
GARW MINERS DEMONSTRATE + MABOX DISCUSSES WORKING OF THE EIGHT HOURS ACT. JIR. VERNON HARTSHORN ON NATIONAL STRIKE POLICY. The annual demonstration of the. Garw- District of the South Wales Miners' Federa- tion was held on Brynmenin Common on Monday, andl was largely attended. Alder- or man John Thomas, miners' agent. Tondu, presided, supported on the improvised plafc- form by Mr. W. Abraham, M.P. (Mabon), pre- sident of the Federation Mr. Vernon Harts- horn, miners' agent, Maesteg; Mr. Evan David. Blaengarw (district secretary), and the trustees and members of the District meeting. The proceedings opened with a selection by the Tondu Coronation Silver Band', which had headed a procession from Tondu. At the outset the Chairman proposed a vote of condolence with the relatives of the men who met with their death last week through j being electrocuted at the Cribbwr FaAvr Col- liery. He said that as far as the Federation were concerned they were not going to spare any effort to find out the real cause of that dreadful accident. The Home Office was sending down an electrical inspector, and1 the Federation were engaging an electrical en- gineer to inspect the scene of the accident. The vote- was carried, and Mabon. led the. meeting in singing" Beth sydd i mi yn y byd." CHAIRMAN'S ADDRESS. Proceeding, the Chairman commented' on the fact that out of a total number of 5,000 Avorkmeu, in the district there Avere not a thousand who Avere Avilling to make a little sacrifice in order to attend the annual demon- stration, andl he was told that the same sort of thing occurred throughout the coalfield. One thing was perfectly clear—there was never a time in the history of the coalfield Al lien there was greater need for unity among the miners than at the present time. They i were not out of the Avood by aoloiig way, and lie wished to impress upon the men that it was through the strength of their organisa- tion that they would be able to arrive at a satisfactory settlement of the many points Avhich Avere likely to crop up betAvcen this and March next. (Hear, hear.) The Eight Hours Act had brought with it a train-load I- of troubles—(laughter)—but lie did not think there was anything which could not be easily settled with a little patience. There was a good deal said about the reduced output of coal. He was willing to admit the decrease, bill not to the extent which was being al- leged. He believed the workmen were doing their part. Sometimes the winding at the collieries was on stop from 20 to 30 minutes at a. time. How could the management ex- pect the output to be kept up if that sort of thing was going on ? Each man could fill a tram or two more per day if he only had the trams. He knew collieries where from half- past one until three o'clock the trams were stored for the night shift. It was eA-ident that some of the owners were not trying to put. the Act into operation. (Hear, hear.) Referring to the sudden STOPPAGE OF THE DARRAN Colliery, the Chairman said about 200 men were on the road, and this afforded one out of many instances of the need of an out-of- Avork fund. Unfortunately7 the majority of the men in the coalfield voted against the scheme, but he AA'as glad to think that his OAA n district, and also the Maesteg and Ogmore districts, had realised the necessity for this provision, and voted in favour of the scheme. But the votes of the men who did not know what it was to be out of employment for any length of time had defeated the scheme. The Federation Avas far from being complete w ith- out an out of work scheme, and it was really time that they should folloAV the example given by Yorkshire, Derbyshire, and other coalfields. (Hear, hear.) He hoped1 that when the scheme wouldl be submitted to the men for the fourth time, they would see the. necessity for providing for their cut of work members. (Applause.) OMNIBUS RESOLUTION. In a racy speech, Mr. Evan David submit- ted the following resolution:- That this annual demonstration of the members of the Ganv District of the Feder- ation expresses its satisfaction with the; continued success of the Federation iji, South Wales and throughout the whole of Great Britain. We protest against the action of those workmen who cause continual disturbance to the trade of the district, and unneces- sary expense to the Federation, by neglect- ing their membership and the best interests of themselves and their fellow workmen. We regret that the satisfactory operation of the Conciliation Board in the settlement of the general Avages question by the ser- Alices of an independent chairman is not extended to the settlement of disputes which arise at the collieries, causing fric- tion and loss to employers and workmen. We also consider that all Avorkmen em- ployed in abnormal places should be guar- anteed a satisfactory minimum rate of wages. We hail with delight the passing of the Eight Hours Bill, and that it has JIOAV be- come an Act of Parliament, but Ave shall not be satisfied until we obtain eight hours bank to bank; also the Old Age Pension Act, but we regret to find that the age limit is too high, and consider it should be amended. We desire to express the hope that as 'a result of the Royal Commission on Acci- dents in Mines, legislation will ensue that will do much to reduce the number of fatal 'and non-fatal accidents from all causes. We again call the attention of the Gov- e m me lit to the urgent necessity of legisla- tion dealing Avith the question of nnemploy- ment we urge the adoption of the Right to Work Bill promoted by the Labour P'arty in Parliament, and we believe the time has now arrived when the land. railways, and mines should be nationalised. We further pledge our fidelity to the Federation as the means for securing the foregoing and many other pressing reforms. The resolution was seconded by Mr. W. H. Thomas. MR. VERNON HARTSHORN. I believe it is correct to say," Mr. Harts- horn stated, "that the organisation in the Miners' Federation is assuming an import- ance and it taking upon itself such dimen- sions as no other organisation in any indus- try or in any country or in any age has pre- viously attained1 to3 and it is an organisation fraught Avith immense possibilities for the near future." There had never been in the history of Trades Unionism, he went on, such an eye-opener as was given the public a short time ago when the miners were asked to re- cord a ballot vote—a vote which revealed the fact that the whole of the miners throughout the coalfields of Great Britain realised at last that their interests were common, that they were bound together by common ties, that their aspirations and- ideals were the same. It had shown that there was a solidarity in the ranks of the miners which had never been evidenced' in any other organisation. (Ap- plause.) The policy of the national stoppage was a new policy, and was becoming popular, and he was thoroughly convinced that had it not been for the decision of the national con- ference, South Wales would to-day have been I fighting a battle against the double shift and other evils. (Hear, hear.) CoaloAvners Avho had investments in the ccal industry in vari- ous parts of the country might regard Avith comparative equanimity a stoppage in a single coalfield. A local stoppage would' stiffen prices elseAvhere, and the coaloAvners with Avidespread^ investments Avould stand to make up on the sAvings what they lost on the roundabouts." (Laughter.) But a na- tional stoppage meant that coal profits ceased throughout the country. The coaloAvners were bound to be influenced by such a. pros- pect. But not only had the POLICY OF THE NATIONAL STOPPAGE an influence on the coalowners, it had an in- fluence upon the public, and. through the public, upon the Government itself. A na- tional coal strike Avould completely paralyse the trade of the country. That Avas a fact the community sadly needed' to learn. The community had not yet realised the import- iaiice.of the miners, and, indeed, of the work- ing classes as a whole. The collier had too long been looked upon as merely a black, smutty fellow instead of an indispensable fac- tor in the welfare of the country. (Ap- plause.) The policy of the national strike was teaching the miners also to realise their own importance and power, and the know- ledge, would give them self respect and a true insight into what was and what was not indis- pensable to the creation of wealth. (Hear, hear.) They must remember, too, that they were linked up to-day not only with the miners of Great Britain, but with all the miners of Europe, and lie was very much struck by the readiness of the German dele- gates at Berlin to assist the Welsh and Scot- tish miners in the event of a stoppage, by balloting on the question of a Avorld stoppage. (Applause.) This sort of understanding be- tween the miners Avonkl make it impossible for the industry to go on very much longer without drastic and considerable Governmen- tal interference. It was not right to the community that a handful of colliery owners with a section of miners should have the power of stagnating the trade of a nation and of bringing ruin upon thousands of families, but it was right that the miners should' have their due. and if the Government were not prepared to step in and see that they got it, the consequences must rest with the Govern- ment. As to the USE OF THAT POWER for a national strike, he thought it was scarcely Avorth while using that power merely to determine such questions as to Avhether 48 or 49 hours a week should be Avorked, or even the question of the day's wage. When a national—perhaps i nternat ional-stoppage came, he thought it should be in support of a demand for the full fruits of their labour, and they could not get that until they had the nationalisation of the mines, so that the mines might be worked for the good of the community and the men working in them, and not for the sole object of obtaining pro- fits for a handful of owners. (Applause.) Some people might think that was a mad- headed Utopian sort of scheme, but there never had been a more important business proposal for any Government. He noticed in, the Tory Press that 15,000 Welsh colliers were to be asked to go to Mountain Ash to demonstrate against the Budget. He wished to sav to the miners of South Wales that when they found a Budget which sought to shift the burdens of taxation off the shoulders of the working classes and on to the shoulders of the idle rich, men better able to bear those burdens, for God's sake don't go and help those who opposed it. ( Loud applause.) He hoped the Welsh miners Avould show that they had the intelligence to know when a Govern- ment was trying to do something for them and the rest of the working classes, and that they appreciated it. (Loud applause.) MABON'S ADDRESS. Mabon, who was received with much en- thusiasm, said he had listened with much in- terest to the speech of his young colleague. He was glad that they bad now realised the day when the lion should lie down with the lamb, but he was not going to say which was the lion and which the lamb. (Laughter.) He did not think that during the last 40 years he had heard the purposes of the Fed- eration expounded in a clearer and; more lucid way than, they had been that day. (Ap- plause.) He was deeply sorry to hear the Chairman's remarks as to absenteeism, and he could not help saying that not only were the absent members guilty of weaken- ing their own ranks, but they Avere guilty of the worst sin in the world-that of ingrati- tude. Where Avould they have been without the Federation? He thought their conduct in refusing to sacrifice a few hours for the Union was nothing but rank selfishness. (Hear, hear.) As to the work of the Federa- tion, he accepted every word uttered by his young lieutenant, Mr. Hartshorn. The day Mr. Hartshorn was looking forward to, how- ever, would perhaps be further ahead than he imagined for he had not seen all the difficul- ties in the way that appeared to an old man like Mabon. (Laughter.) He had perceived long, long ago what was really required' in the coalfield, but he also knew the story of long years of waiting for the attainment of the objective they had in A'iew. TAventy years ago, he Avas as vigorous a champion of the Eight Hours Act as he was to-day. (Ap- plause.) Now they had secured that GREAT MEASURE OF JUSTICB I for the miners, but it was not by any means as perfect as they would have liked it to be —it was not what they expected it would be. Everything foreshadowed by Mr. Hartshorn would come in due time, but it would come sooner if the men presented a united front, and if the non-Unionists, instead of putting scotches in front of the wheels, joined in pushing the cart along. (Laughter.) Refer- ence was made in the resolution to the success of the Federation and the sympathy shoAvn by the various countries in each others troubles was a healthy sign of the times. There was no doubt that South Wales had recently escaped an industrial battle through the direct support of the other districts of the Miners' Federation of Great Britain. Years ago the Federation set out to secure the minimum wage which should be a living wage., but the living wage minimum had not been secured yet. Since that time some startling meteors had crossed their sky. One was the disenabling decision of Judge Bryn Roberts, that allowances in abnormal places were in the nature of gratuities. That changed honest workmen from self-respecting wage- earners into a begging' fraternity, trusting upon the gratuities of the managers. If that was the law it was UNWORTHY OF A CHRISTIAN LAND and an enlightened age. The Federation and all its forces must use every effort to remove that black spot from the relationship of the men to the employers. (Applause.) There was also the Eight Hours Act. Some people had been trying to find ways and means of condemning it. The employers were trying to show that the production of coal had gone down very much. What wonder was it if the production had gone down? How many new things had the employers intro- duced into the working of the collieries which they ought not to have done according to the agreement. If the Avheels were stopped for a day over disputes which ought not to have arisen, how could the production be kept up? He hoped there was no truth in the allegation that that was being done intentionally. At any rate the men must keep to their terms. They would do all they coukT to help the em- ployers to maintain the output of coal at what it was prior to the Act. He believed this could be done. They knew that if the employers gave the men clearance they need not lose a pound of coal in the output. (Ap- plause.) It might be said that the men were I SUFFERING IN WAGES. He knew that was so. but he asked them to. be patieitt, and the Federation would see that that they were all right in the end. He Avished to take this, the first opportunity, of saying that he had had more gratitude than was due to him personally for the recent set- tlement. No single man could bring about an arrangement of that sort. Moreover, it was not the work of one side. He must give credit to the chairman of the owners' side, Mr. Fred L. Davis. The men'& leadAs saw his position and his difficulties. They saw him lose his mariners, then his boatsAvain, then his second mate, and last of all about midnight, they saw him lose his first mate. (Laughter.) Some of them had' gone home, and others had taken a back seat, leaving the young man to take his coin age in both hands and steer tkrough. Now some of the CICAV that young skipper had lost were taking the opportunity of getting a bit of their OA\N back. They were trying to filch a bit here and there-from the Agreement. They were gx, trying to shw-w tluit ttiey could do better than that young skipper. That should' not be so, if the Federation could' help it. The reduc- tion of hours had come to stay. The Feder- ation had two great objects—payment of a wage for abnormal places and the securing that with reduced hours no man or boy was to suffer a reduction in his wages. (Ap- plause.) The reroliitioii. was carried' unanimously. A vote of thanks was accorded the speakers, on the motion of Mr. David Thomas, secon- ded by Mr. W. Davies. Alderman John Thomas was thanked for presiding, on the motion of Mr. Vernon Hartshorn, seconded by Mabon.
INTERNATIONAL COAL COMPANY. SIR W. T. LEWIS'S RESIGNATION. INVITATION TO RETURN. EFFECT OF RECENT LEGISLATION. The 21st ordinary general meeting of the shareholders of the International Coal Com- pany was held at the Angel Hotel, Cardiff, on Friday, under the presidency of Mr. Evan Owen, J.P. There were also present Mr. Daniel Williams (managing director), Mr. Sydney T. Jones (sales agent), Mr. W. J. Mor- gan, M.E. (resident manager), Mr. EVan Griffiths (acshier), Mr. H. G. Goss (auditor), Mr. G. Bruce MesFrs. Walter Morgan, Bruce, Nicholas, and' James, solicitors to the com- pany), and Mr. Albert Edwards (secretary). There was also a large attendance of share- holders. The Chairman, in moving the adoption of the report and Dalance-sheet, with the pay- ment of a dividend at the rate of 5 per cent. per annum, said that from a shareholder's poin of view the report might appear disap- pointing. Twelve months ago the directors did not anticipate the serious depression in trade and the heavy fall in the market price of coal which took place during the last few months of 1908 and the beginning of the pre- sent year. In common with other colliery concerns, the International Coal Company had suffered severely. Happily there had been a slight improvement, and it was to be hoped that this Avould continue. (Hear, hear.) The tendency of recent legislation, notably the Workmen's Compensation Act, had been to materially increase the cost of production. It was too early yet to predict what would be the effect of the Eight Hours Act. Up to now there had' been a diminu- tion of output, and differences of opinion had arisen as to the requirements and obligations of the statute, but time would doubtless ad- just many of these differences. (Hear, hear.) While the directors regretted their inability to recommend a larger dividend than 5 per cent. for the past financial vear, it was grati- fying to point out that for the past 11 years the shareholders had received on an average over 12 per cent. per annum on their invest- ments in this company. (Hear, hear.) The bad results of other colliery companies during the past year indicated that the depression had been general throughout the coalfield. The directors had given considerable atten- tion during recent years to the deA-elopment of the property in order to maintain the out- put of coal and to enhance the profits. The managing director had from time to time sub- mitted various suggestions, and with the view of bringing an entirely independent mind to bear on the question it was deemed expedi- ent to engage a mining engineer of unques- tionable repute and competency to make an exhaustive and thorough examination of the colliery, and to report as to the practicability of the suggestions made. Upon the strength of these reports it had been decided to deepen the pits, and the preparation for this work was now in progress, and the coal sink- ing would shortly be commenced. It was a matter for sincere regret to the directors to receive the resignation of Sir W. T. Lewis. (Hear, hear.) Every possible effort had been made to induce him to continue in office- (hear, hear)—but as the interests of the In- ternational Coal Company during the recent __1 _1 _1 °.1.1- • X- .1" coal crisis clashed with tne interests 01 tne LeAvis Merthyr Company—of which Sir William w a& the predominant partner—and with the interests of the Marquis of Bute's collieries—with which he had so long and honourably been connected as the chief mineral agent-Sir. William thought that he could' not consistently continue to direct the policy of the International Coal Company. Therefore he had' no alternative but to relin- quish his position on the directorate. In re- tiring from office Sir W. T. Lewis expressed1 his sincerest wishes for the company's Avelfare. He would continue to take a keen interest in its affairs, and he (Mr. Evan Owen) was auth- orised by him to say that since lie had been connected with the company he had not sold a. single share, and that it was not his inten- tion to do so. (Hear, hear.) There had been no ill-feeling or unpleasantness of any des- cription—(hear, hear)-and Sir William as- sured him that he would be pleased at all times to render the International Coal Com- pany all the advice and assistance he could. (Hear, hear.) Sir W. T. Lewis's services to the company were appreciated by them all, and it was with sincere regret that they had parted' company officially with so efficient and estimable a colleague. (Applause.) Mr. Daniel Williams seconded the resolu- tion. The Chairman, before putting the resolu- tion, invited questions or remarks in connec- tion, with the points mentioned in the'report and balance-sheet. Several questions were put and answered satisfactorily, and the re- solution was then carried unanimously. Mr. LeAvis N. Williams (Aberdare) was elec- ted a director in place of the. late Alderman T. GoldsAvorthy, and Mr. Robert T. Rees (Aberdare) in place of Sir W. T. Lewis. Mr. Charles (Kenshole) Aberdare asked the permission of the chairman to refer to the retirement of Sir W. T. Lewis. Many gentle- men of his acquaintance, said Mr. Kenshole, had invested their money in this company owing to the fact that Sir William took such ft. personal interest in the concern, and had for so many years acted as the company's chairman. He proposed that an urgent re- quest be made to Sir William to reconsider his resignation, and'. if possible, to place him- self again at the disposal of the company, and resume, his seat on the directorate. (Hear, hear.) The Chairman, on behalf of the Board, wel- comed the resolution (which was seconded), and repeated what he had said before—that so far as he and Mr. Daniel Williams were concerned they had spared no effort per- suade Sir William not to retire. (Applause.) Mr. Kenshole's resolution was carried unanimously.
OGMORE AND GARW COUNCIL The fortnightly meeting of the Ogmore and Garw Urban District Council was held at the Council Offices, Brynmenin, on Friday even- ing, there being present Councillors T. C. Jones, J.P. (chairman), W. Davies, Evan David, E. Griffiths, LleAv. Jones, A. J. Law- rence. H. Lewis, W. LleAveilyn, T. Lucas, Jen- kin Phillips, D. J. Thomas, T. Williams, and Rev. T. B. Phillips, with the deputy clerk (Mr. D. T. Williams), the surveyor (Mr. H. DaAtkin Williams), and other officials. LABOUR COUNCIL'S COMPLAINT. A complaint was received from the Ogmore Valley Trades and Labour Council of t.he practice of the Ogmore Gas and Water Com- pany in. cutting off the water at inconveni- ent times and without notice. The clerk was directed to write the Com- pany calling their attention to the com- plaint, and requesting that in future suffi- cient public notice should be given of their intention to cut off the supply. He waft also requested to address a similar communication to the Garw Water Company. PUBLIC ABATTOIRS. A letter from the Pontycymmer Industrial Co-operative Society urging the Council to take steps to provide public abattoirs Avas read. The communication was referred to the Slaughter-houses Committee for report. EXTENSION OF MAINS. An application was received from the Og- more Gas and Water Company requesting the Council's permission to break up the roads for the purpose of extending their mains from the junction of Commercial-street with Aber-road to the road leading from High- street to St. John-street, Ogmore Vale. Subject to the roads being properly re- instated to the satisfaction of the- surveyor, the application was granted. OGMORE SEWERAGE. The contractors for the Ogniore seAverage scheme applied for a list of the occupiers of the land through which the seAver was being laid, to enable them to arrange terms of com- pensation for surface damage. The Clerk was directed to send a copy of the list as desired. ROAD IMPROVEMENTS. The valuation made by Mr. J. Morris Wil- liams, architect, Blackmill, of a piece of land belonging to Mrs. Bessie Taylor, of the Greeu- meadow Inn, Liangeinor, required for the Blackmill road improvement, was referred to a committee, consisting of Councillors T. C. Jones, A. J. Lawrence. W. Llewellyn. Jenkin Phillips, and Rev. T. B. Phillips for report. The committee were also asked' to report on all the land required' for the improvement, and the clerk was directed to apply to Mr. Lewis Williams, Gadlys Farm, Blackmill, for his teryis for the land and cottage required for the improvement. The Clerk was requested to report as to the present position with regard to the Ffaldau road improvement. LIGHTING. It was decided to inquire the GarAv Gas Company's terms for undertaking the lighting and extinguishing of the public street lamps in Blaeugarw and Pontycymmer. and also for extending the lighting to Pbntyrhil. HOUSING CONGRESS. Mr. D. J. Themas gave a report 011 the re- cent national housing and town planning congress at which he represented the Coun- cil. The report was referred to the Housing Committee, and the clerk was directed to pro- cure copies of the Housing and Town Plan- ning Bill now before Parliament, for circula- tion amongst, the members. I ROAD TAKEN OVER. The Clerk to the Liangeinor Burial Board wrote that Alexandra-road had now been re- paired. It was accordingly resolved that The road be taken over and declared a highway repair-' able by the inhabitants at large. OTHER MATTERS. Mr. W. J. Martin, Bryndefaid Farm, com- plained of the condition of the road leading to Bryndefaid, and the Surveyor was instruc- ted to carry out such repairs, if any, as the Council were liable for. The National Telephone Company were granted permission to cut some branches of the trees at the Park, Strand, BlaengaiAv, which had grown up into the telephone wires, the work to be done to the satisfaction of the surveyor. Mr. Howell Williams, auctioneer, Caroitt, intimated that he had now investigated the claim of Mi". Griffiths for compensation in re- spect of sewerage works carried out in Marian Street. BlaengaiAv. It was arranged that Mr. Williams should meet the Sewerage Com- mittee on Saturday. The surveyor was instructed to see that the scavenging carts were not driven across the recreation. grounds, but followed the course of the roads. Mr.' Wm. Thomas, grocer, Llest, Avas asked to submit plans of new buildings now in course of erection at the back of his piemi- Se The question- of fixing dates for the meet- ings of the Extension of Areas and Recreat- tion Grounds Committees was deferred to the next meeting. Mr. W. Jenkins, Treorky, was invited to meet. Councillors E. David, Jenkin Phillips, and; Rev. T. B. Phillips, with the surveyor, to consider the state of the bridges in the dis- trict belonging to the Ocean Coal Company.
SCARBORO' CENTENARIAN'S DEATH WIFE OF THE INVENTOR OF THE VELOCIPEDE. The funeral took place on Monday of Mrs. Jane Allan, who died at her residence. Glen House, the Valley, Scarborough, aged over 100 years. To be exact her age was 100 years and nineteen weeks. Mrs. Allan was the widow of the late Mr. Alexander Allan, who was one of the first railway engineers of the London an(I North-Western Railway Com- pany at Crewe, and the inventor of the machine known as the Velocipede. t Mrs. Allan's father and mother were married in 1798 at Ponteland Church, in the county of Durham, and she was born at Durham on May 2nd, 1809. She was married to Mr. Alexander Allan at St. Anthony's Church, Wallsend. in 1835, and in 1872 they went to live at Scar- borough, where Mr. Allan died in 1891, at the age of eighty-two. Except that her eyesight was not good, Mrs. Allan, who lived a very re- tired life, was in possession of her faculties up to the last. Her memory was very clear, and she chatted most delightfully of things which happened many years ago. She is sur- vived by one son, Mr. Alexander Allan, of Boscombe, Bournemouth, who Avas on a visit to her when the end came quite suddenly. She had been talking witn her son not long before, and when he left her she took his hand in hers, pressed it Avarmly, and bade him come back as soon as he had Avritten a letter. A few minutes later he was recalled to the room, and found that his mother, after get- ting out of bed, had collapsed. He lifted her back into bed, and she died four minutes later, her end being quite peaceful.
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FRENCH ARMY MANOEUVRES. BRITISH OFFICERS WHO WILL ATTEND. A wire from Chalons-sur-Marne on Mon- day stated that the following British officers will attend and follow the Armv Manoeuvres of Chalout: General Sir John French (who will head the delegation), Major-General Grierson, Brigadier-General Henderson, Captain Banbury and Lieutenant Brett, of the Coldstream Guards, and Lieutenant-Colonel Lowther, Military At- tache to the British Embassy at Paris. Gene- ral Leon Durand, commanding the 6th Army Corps, will entertain the British delegation, which is expected oneAugust 22nd. FRENCH OPINION OF TERRIERS. M. Ludovic Naudeau, a French war corre- spondent who was in the Russo-Japanese war, contributes a long article to the Journal concerning the British Territorial, whom he had the opportunity of seeing in camp near Salisbury and in Flintshire. The British Territorial," says M. Nau- deau, "is a patriot, and has convictions. He. takes his role seriously, or more than seri- ously. He does not think for a minute of turning the matter into a joke. The atmo- sphere is such that no raillery or scepticism is allowed to shew itself. This is what I like. The British citizen is naturally disciplined, and not at all given to tomfoolery,' and it is thanks to these inborn qualities that the Ter- ritorial Army does not degenerate into a mob. At the same time, care has been taken to re- cruit only good subjects; and here I noticed the effects of the temperance campaign. In one battalion 90 per cent. of the men were teetotalers. All things considered, the English Territorial foot soldier is robust, well disciplined, and patriotic, and will before very long be quite able to pit himself against the infantry of no matter what other country. All that remains is to develop within him that precious thing—individual initiative. Very soon, also, the officers will be accustomed to lead them in the line of fire, making full use of every shelter that offers itself. Then the Territorial infantry, in truth, will be a very solid infantry."
DEATH OF AN EX-M.P. LIEUTENANT-COLONEL TUFNELL, We regret to announce the death of Lieu- tenant-Colonel Edward Tufnell, Unionist Member for the South-East Division of Essex from 1900-6, and Member of the King's Body- guard, which occurred on Sunday, after a short illness, at Crowhurst Park, Sussex. He was the -son of the late Mr. Edward Carleton Tufnell, of 26, Lowndes square, and was born in 1848. He served in the Nile Ex- pedition, 1884-5, with the 1st Battalion of the Royal Irish Regiment (medal with clasp and Khedive's star). He was a Knight of Grace of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, and had been one of his Majesty's Bodyguard of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms eince 1894. At the General Election in 1900 he was re- turned as Unionist Member for South-East Suffolk, defeating Mr. R. E. Whitehead (L.) by 5,815 votes to 4,461. He did not seek re- election at the last General Election. Lieutenant-Colonel Tufnell married in 1891 Ella Bertha, daughter of the late Rev. R. S. Gubbins, Rector of Upham, Hampshire.
TAXICABS IN COLLISION. ONE PERSON KILLED: SEVEN INJURED. About midnight on Saturday at Udding- ston, Lanarkshire, a. taxi-cab was, it is stated, attempting to pass a tram-car when another, coming from the opposite direction, caught the rear of the cab and wrecked it. One OF the taxi-cab passengers, Joseph Jen- nings, a clerk in Glasgow Royal Infirmary, was kÜled, while his wife was badly injured, together with three other occupants and three car passengers. The chauffeur had a marvellous escape.
THE POPE AND TEMPORAL POWER. THE NEW CODE OF CANON LAW. A Rome telegram to the Morning Leader says: It is authoritatively stated that the com- mission charged with the preparation of the new code of canon law will introduce a chapter dealing with the temporal power of the Pope. The matter has been treated in three chap- ters, the first dealing with the temporal pre- rogatives of the Papacy, the second with ecclesiastical diplomacy, and the third, which is the most important, deals with equivalents which may be substituted for territorial pos- session. The Pope wished this point not to be con- templated in the code, but the commission re- spectfully insisted. These innovations in the code would en- able the Pope to give up his claim to the territerial POSSESSION of Rome on receiving such compensation as would, if possible, en- sure greater freedom for the Papacy.
PETROL EXPLOSION ON A MOTOR. MAN SEVERELY INJURED. On Monday morning George: Harvey, aged thirty-three, who resides in Paradise-road, Clapham, S.W., was filling with petrol the tank of a motor-lorry at the Brewers' Green Mews, Victoria-street, S.W., when an explo- sion occurred. Harvey, who sustained severe burns about the face and hands, new lies at the Weistminater Hospital suffering from those injuries and shock. As a result of the explosion the motor vehicle was ignited, but the fire brigade call was given, and ike ftftines -Well 0"0 PC
————— LADY'S TREK THROUGH AFRICA. ADVENTUROUS JOURNEY ALONE. Miss Charlotte Mansfield arrived in Loa- don on Saturday afternoon on her return from Africa. Her journey occupied gevers months, during which she travelled 16,728 miles. She had to traverse many hundreds ot miles on foot or in a "machila." a litter con- sisting of a hammock slung on a pole car- ried by native bearers. A Press representative who called at MM Mansfield's flat at Portman Mansions shortly &fter her return, found Ifer highly amused by a letter announcing her expulsion from the Lyceum Club. "This is very. humorous, • she said. "I found this waiting for me on my return. It was written in February, and the secretary informs me that my member- ship has been cancelled in consequence of my authorship of Love and a Woman.' I de- scribed the club in the book, but they do not seem to be grateful. It is very funny. It was the rainy season when Miss YaM- field arrived at BulaAAayo, in consequence of which she was delayed for ten weeks. Later she was attacked by fever. After travelling north from Capetown A* far as the railway was available. Miss MANWIIEID, with her Awemba bearers, continued her journey through Seringa, M'piki, and Abercorn. "At Seringa," she said, they ha.ve very beauti- ful roses and violets. These nowera werot quite as fine is those that are grown in Eng- land, and their perfume was delightful..Even right away at Abercorn, near Lake Tangan-t yika, the magistrate had a beautiful bed of violets. And it. is such a lovely country! I went near enough to see Lake Tanganyika, but I had to abandon my original intention to cross it, on account of sleeping sickness. All the boats had been taken off because of the prevalence of the disease. From there I went; through British Central Africa to Karonga, and from thence I had a gun-boat, by permis- sion of the Governor, down Lake Nyama to, Fort Johnson. Then I had to have the 'maehila' again on to Zomba, where I etayed with the Governor and Lady Sharp. I afterwards went on to Blantyre, and from there travelled to the coast by railway. I was particularly struck by the fertility of the soil of Rhodesia, IT is a lovely land for f^TOERSS. The Awemba boys Avho were my DeareSa are a fine race. they used te practise muti- lation a good deal before they were -onder British rule. That has been stopped, but I met a number of ID-.?O who had their hands, noses, or ears cut off. They are very fond of music, and in the old days if a boy could sing well they would put out his eyes so that he could not leave the village. They are a very handsome race, and are quite unspoilt .by civilisation. Stealing is unknown among them, and they are the most cheerful kind of ) eavagee you can imagine."
'q BUDDHA RELICS RECOVERED. EXTRAORDINARY ARCHAEOLOGICAL FIND. A mound in the neighbourhood of Peabom war has juost yielded up to excavators belong- ing to the Indian Archaeological D4epatmelbb a casket which is believed to contain a por- tion of the charred remains of the Buddha ,The fprtunate finder is Dr. Spooner, who, came upon the remains of a great Bnddbisfr pagoda about 30ft. below the present surfaco half a mile outoide Peshawar. The discovery of the pagoda confirms tho account given thirteen centuries ago by Hiuen Tsang, the Chinese traveller, who de- scribes the building a,3 the largest and most wonderful in India, and as enshrining the ashes of the Buddha. The foundations of the pagoda excavated by Dr. Spooner measure 285ft. from side to side. The relic which gives its special interest to the discovery was contained in a little casket of rock crystal, 5in. by 3in., which itself was enclosed m a bronze box mouldered with age, standing in the corner of a stone burial chamber. According to Buddhist tradition, the sacred remains of the Founder were distributed in various places at his death; and when, a dozen years ago. a portion believed .to be authentic was found on the Nepal frontier, the Government, of India divided the ashett among a number of monasteries in Burmah, Siam, Ceylon, and Japan. It is thought that the same plan may be adopted in the^ease of the Peshawar find.
The Argentine Minister of Foreign authorised the Argentine Minister in LonVfon tor sign the Treaty of arbitration between Greet Britain and the Argentine Republic. Mr. McCurdy's aeroplane Baddeck was hadia wrecked during a trial flight at the Petewani Camp, says Reuter from Ottawa. By the will of Mr. Martin Carey, of NEWPORT, Co. Mayo, £ 10.000 ? left for the. erection GA 9 Roman CA^ lie Church, in Newport.
PfH^ARCHER&C?nH GOLDENRETURHSl REG I STEWED HB Facsimile oj One-Ounee Packet, Archer's Golden Returns Th« Perfection of Pipe Tobacco. COOL, GWRRT, A-. Up-to-D&te Appdi&noefl for turning outt »Tery clause of work At competitive gr^es. afc tbe Gfa-morgaa Gaxette i