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"J LOCAL GOSSIP. .—

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"J LOCAL GOSSIP. — GJyn Ogwr was a manor held by Gilcert de Clare, 1295 (writes Cadrawd"). P'ateut Rolls 20 Octr., Westminster, "Writ de ex- tends directed to the tenants of the lands of Meskyn, Senhenith, Tyr Iarll. Ruthin, Taly- fan, Glynogwr, Coytif, Oggemore, A van, Neath, etc., for Gilbert de Clare. Earl, etc.. and Joan, the King's daughter, his co.iso- to whom the King had restored these lands. which he had taken into his own- hands by reason of the disturbances there with the men admitted to the King's peace. Mandate to Walter Hakelute (keeper of Ll-an«.ris.iTit Castle), to make livery." Cal Pat Rolis. 20 Edward II., 1326. Dated Cardiff, Octr. 27. To Mewelyn ap Cynwrig. David Meurig, and Madoc Vaughan, to raise the people of Miskin, Glyn Rhct^iney, Talyfan, Rythin and Glyn Ogwr against the invaders. Giyn OgRe. with Ogmore, Llantrisant, Glyn Rhondda, Meskyn, and Tir larll (Llan- gonith), formed part of the Duchy of Lancas- ter lands; and there are references to it in the minister's account of Edward III., Rich- ard1 II.. Henry IV. and VI., Richard III., Henry VII. and VIII., and Elizabeth. There have been some who have doubted that Giyn Ogwr was ever a manor, but it certanly was and formed part of the old Duchy of Lancas- ter. The Court heM at Giyn Ogwr was a Court Leet, which was incidental to every manor in feudal times. Americaments cr fines were passed at these courts. The court held A.D. 1516 was such a one, held before Richard Adams and Hugh Charles, Lieuten- ants of the Court, and Philip ap Hywel and others of the jury. The Church of Glyn Ogwr was granted in 1195 to the Abbey of St. Peter's. Glouces- ter, by Charter (Liandecdnck) and also EgloG Keynor. i.e., Llangeinor. Presentment of the Grand Jur^ at the great Sessions at Cardiff on Friday, the 10th day of April, 1719. "The jury present—Robert William of the Parish of Newcastle, for the seditious and dis- loyal words by him spoken of his said Majesty King George, the 20th day of at New- castle, agd. vizt.—God dam King George, and there will come a better King to tire country than he" and that David Thomas. Richard Edmunds, Evan ap Evan, and Roger Whiiams Tvere there, present and gave information thereof. Then follow the names of the Jury. Robert William had evidently been imbibing trather freely of the "cwrw melyn bach" on the Newcastle side of the Ogmore, at Peny- b-ont. One can picture him dressed up in "brethyn ilwyd," and putting up his fiste in fighting attitude, and shouting, Y fi yw'r gwr gora yn Mhenybont, go damo'r hen Frenin Shors, fe geir digon o'i well i fod ar y Triad. Then with all his authority the bailiff of Newcastle draws his staff and arrests the drunken man. Tableau, some more in- teresting items from the same source. 1761.—Clwistcpher Wilkins, of the Parish of Saint Atha.n, weaver, and others, gave bond of JE20 to appear at next Sessions to give evidence against John Phillips, of the Parish of Llantwit Major, for carrying away wearing apparels and plate off the sea shore at Gileston and St. Athan, the property of Evan Leys and Mathew Pryse. Poor Shon Phylib was evidently of the class known in the Vale of Glamorgan years ago as "wreckers" and they were a legion. 1763.—Inquest at the Parish Church of Uangonoyd on. Ho-well Rees and Thomas Rees, brothers, of Drisiog. in the Parish of Margam, who were accidentally drowned whilst bathing in Lambbourch, on the river Avan, by the sea shore, in a pool called the Gywy. The two place-names are interesting, but either the spot or the pool mentioned by name would be hard now to find. 1761—Inquest at the dwelling-house of Wil- liam Hopcin, at Liangonoyd. before Henry Thomas, Esquire, coroner, on the body of Jenet Griffith, widow. There are 14 jury- men's names given, and the case was that Jenet Griffith, in going from Llangonoyd1 to her abode at Cwmdu, and the night being dark, lost her way and fell over the cliff or precipice called Tarran y Garth, from the top to the bottom, about ten fathoms. Verdict Accidental death." 1707.—Another cifrious entry is the follow- ing account of Thomas William of Ptenros (now called1 Penrhys) who stopped up at Efail- fach, Baglan. the river Afan Fach through the upper part of the Parish of Miehaelston to the Church of B-aglan, whereby the river overflowed and prevented his Majesty's sub- jects passing at Efailfach, aforesaid, it being the great road leading from the town and borough of Neath, and to the town and borough of Llantrisant. This road is still in existence but very little used; it is one of the coarsest thoroughfares in the county at present, but none better could be had for Sir Thomas Picton to lead his Welsh regiment to the plains of Waterloo. Old John Evans, Rrynmawr, whom I well remember, uf-ed to say that he saw the General and his men passing his place. These items show very pointedly to us how fa.r advanced we are in: every respect to those who occupied this country one hundred and fifty years ago. But when we compare the diays of anarchy and rebellion and bloodshed— days which cast a gloom over Europe—with our own days of peace, of commercial enter- prise, and of high religious pretensions, we may be allowed to ask the pertinent question whether we are richer or whether our lives are more peaceful, happier, or more produc- tive of good to our neighbours and cf service to heaven. The Scotch poet Burns wrote Gie me ae spark o nature's fire, It's a' the learning I desire." We may feel confident that the so much vaunted education of to-day, in spite of all the "grinding mills" and apparatus, has made no more progress than in the times of our less favoured ancestors. The brand of the Almighty is the only sterling gold, in spite of Royal influences. Royal and other titles-.

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