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Football Teams for Saturday.


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GLAMORGAN WATfck fcCttbittL.


GLAMORGAN WATfck fcCttbittL. ENGINEERS' REPORT. GENERAL -RED auu- GESiii.D. A document or nign llni^or'i.^iivo county ox ui.axiioi'&a.ii ltas jiioi, iitvu the report- uii Uio cw LILL v. a, ceairai atiihoa-uy to .:>uy¡,J.1 .v<J. m county 01 Uiarnorgaii, vvnicii Has 1' part>U oy jt-ixesis. iviKKueU/ii, uuniti, .< jjuii; 01 vvefeviiiiusier. i pir sxait-s t-iiat tue quauuiy 01 dv0. obtained iroiix springs aivtl rbsei sifcuax.ea on one coai measures witmn tiu. u-uuiiiiiotrati\ e coun'ty anu cous'uiufu wufc, during the summer mouths, aooui 6,i, uuu gaiLous, out they oeiie\ed tuat supplier tirawn from the coal measures WOUKI L.-e mss iiiaii naif their present volume at t-iie end ot 44 years. The permanent supplies drawn from impermeable areas amounted to 2,725,600 gallons a day. Pumping supplies and permanent springs provided 1,195,000 gal- ions of water daily, and this might be in- creased. rIhe quantity actually deiivBied "to consumers did not exceed 109,000 gallons a day in an ordinary siiniiiici-, and in a dry sea- son was, in ail probability, iess. There was, therefore, a deficiency of at least 2,761,000 gallons per diem in the supply to the present population. Without a combination of interests, that. supply would go on. increasing. Under the D10st, favourable conditions of combination throughout the whole country, including the city of Cardiff and the county borough of Swansea, with a supply of 22 •gallons per head', the estimated present deficiency would be .),D41,3,')O gallons a day, and in 1911 4.600,064 gallons, after which date the deficiency should decrease and dis- anpear in 1917. The, result of their investigations pointed conclusively to the formation of a water board for the whole county, including Car- diff and Swansea. Most of the streams in the county were polluted almost from their source, and both springs and streams were liable to be absorbed into coal workings. Thus the bounteous rainfall of the district was for the most part rendered useless for purposes of water supply. Owing to the configuration of the county and its theological formation, there were few sites tor reservoirs available.. Having described the advantages in cos. and greater durability of larse reservoirs in impermeable strata over a number or smaller ones of equal a-ggregate. capacity, especially where the latter are s.Tuatwa OJL coal measures, the report says:—Carditr and Swansea had nothing to gain by combina- tion, but they might reach much advantage by ioining a general scheme. If Carclitt joined the. scheme the city would be recouped the greater part of the expense already incurred in constructing reservoirs and in laying trunk mains. Tho cost of con- stnl-cting the third reservoirs would be borne by the water board, and the fourtn reservoi- would not be put in hand for many years to come. • i i In the case of Swansea, which had in tne Cray Reservoir much more water than coukl be used in tlie district, the whole of the water could be made remunerative at an early date, and the burden on the ratepayers would ho proportionately reduced. vVere Swansea to join the combination the t ray Reservoir and the trunk mains connected with it would be purchased by the water board. and both the borough and the adjoin- ing district would be sunplied in bulk at a le-s cost than they could supply themselves. The water board would be able- to recoup themselves because they could sell the whole or n&nrlv the whole, of the available supply from the Cray Reservoir so soon as the necessary trunk connecting mains could be laid. There could be no doubt that a very con- siderable portion in. the- aduiiiustr-.tive county was in urgent need of an adequate supply of water, and that. owing to local con- ditions, the water coukl not be provided, san, as to a very small proportion of it, from within the county, nor can it be macie effective without combination. The firm were strongly of opinion that a combination, which should include the whole county, was to be preferred, and that, while many dis- tricts would benefit thereby in obtaining an ample supply of water at a reasonable cost, the city, boroughs, and some of the urban districts, which wero better snppHed with water than the more scattered population in other parts, wouid also benefit by an equali- sation of charges and by the permanence and adequateness of supply. It must be understood that as no large works of supply could be introduced in less time than seven to eight years after tlie con- stitution of the water board, the whole of the deficiency could not be wiped out before that time. Much could be done, however, by the sinking of wells and the distribution of water now running to waste to relieve the more pressing needs. Thev. therefore, advised that a water board be established by Act of Parliament for the county, including Cardiff and Swansea, to be constituted of members appointed by the local authorities; that the sources of supply belonging to the existing local authorities be purchased by the water board, and that the basis of purchase be the prime cost of the works, less depreciation and any money that may be necessary to put the works in proper repair; that the whole of the water undertakings of the various companies which supply within the county be purchased by the water board on such terms as may be authorised by Parliament; that the cost of the sources of supply be taken over and paid for by the water board on equitable terms; and that the distribut- ing machinery be sold to the respective Councils within the county within whose area it lay, or for wluoiii it was available; that- the sources of Ripply bo paid for by bonds of the water beferd, issued over such period as Parliament will allow for the pur- poses of re-payment. For new works probably 100 or 80 years might be sanctioned. The revenue would be drawn from the sale of water in bulk by the water board to the local authorities, but the bonds should, be guaranteed by the countv fund. .1 The Bill to he deposited should provide inter alia for the purchase of the authorised sources of supply in connection with the Dringartll and Llyn Fawr reservoirs, so far as they have been carried out, and powers should' be secured and funds wrovided for laying mains from the Cray reservoir to Llyn FavvT and from the head of the Rhondda Valley to the Ogmore and Garw Valleys, to Glyncorrwg and jlaesteg, also from the. Cray reservoir down the Aberdare Valley to Ponty pridd, and from the Dringarth reservoir to connect v,ith both mains. It would, in all probability, be desirable to provide for the construction of some service and balancing reservoirs of smaller size. It it were possible they advised that powers should be taken for the sinking 0; at least two wells^—one near Cowbridge and one in the eastern part of the rural district of Llandaff and DÏna;; Fowis, the provision of pumping machinery, and the construction of two service reservoirs. Funds should be provided for the laying of trunk mains. It must be understood that no water authority should be injured by the system of redistribution or have its supply of water reduced thereby to less than 25 gallons per p I head of the population actually supplied. Should a.ny water authority fail to provide adequately for the requirements of the popu- lation within its area of eupoly, the w board should be empowered, after due inquiry, to undertake the supply and collect the rents. The water board would generally have all the powers of a district authority, and also the power to make bye-laws. From tho accounts in their possession, re- presenting the expenditure of some CI,819,000, and the provision of about 19,671.000 gallons of water daily, they had d^termi^ed tht the onrch-'Se of the sources of supply WOQtd cost 92,495,000, to which would have to be added a sum of about C19,000 for additional mains to utilise water at present run nine to waste, and for nrr'1" TrtorViinerv. p+^. The s^le of water in tmlk a-h 4W. per 1,000 gaJkme should pro- vide an income sufficient to <o\w orcr.n-i exr>e»nditure, but would be insufficient to pro- vide for interest on new works dmrin? con- st-ruction until fully utilised. No additional water except that derived from wells and sprincrs in the southern parts of the county would bo available until at least five vears after tho constitution of the board. Equit- ably, it would appear that the charge for water would increase with the increase of dis- tance from the source. It was not impro- bable,, however, that a universal charge would be found preferable.





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West Glam. Calvinistic Methodists.…

Increased Electorate.