LOCAL <aO*>6lP. One of the outstanding characteristics of the Brodgden family, on their advent to South Wales, was their custom of moving among their workmen. When the elder brother, Mr. Alexander Brogden, was elected M.P. for Wednesbury during Mr. Gladstone's :first Premiership, he was the first real live" M.P. that was in a, approachable in Glamoganshire, although the county was re- presented by two nominal Radicals, the late Lord Swansea and Mr. C. R. M. Talbot, of Marga-m Abbey. The Broadens were beloved by all classes, and Li., member for Wednes- bury in particular. He was a clear speaker, and was well versed in the English classics, which he frequently que ted in his speeches. James Brogden was more than iron master or ooal owner. H.:í was a member of several learned societies, notably "ne Geographical, the Linnean, and the Geological. At New- ton Nottage he had the close association of one of the principals of the Linnean Society, who lived there several years. In geology, Mr. Bragden was more than a collector of fossils. I recollect on one occasion, writes a correspondent, showing him a tine specimen jf sigillaria in sanustuno grit, another in ironstone, and f) +- h; rd in ordinary shale, and literally put him through his facings to explain the reason why the same kind of tree fern should exhibit such transformations. His reasons-too technical for public interest -were given with a queer simplicity and ab- sence of pedantry which I have never forgot- ten. Houses, like families, tend to degenerate in course of time. There axe ever so many "Stately halls' in Wales which have for generations become farm-houses. One such is Beau pro, in the Vale of Glamorgan. In Breconshire most of the farm-houses seem at one time to have been gentlemen's seats. A similar phenomenon is met with in Mon- mouthshire. It is supposed that the old Welsh custom of sub-dividing the land be- tween children was the chief cause of the decay of ancient houses. » In reply to a query as to whether Glamor- ganshire could still boast of a distinct breed of sheep, Mr. Edmund D. Lewis, of St. Mary Hill Court, who is among the oldest and most experienced farmers in the county, and an acknowledged authority on agricultural mat- ters, writes as follows:—" I would say there is no breed of sheep indigenous to the county of Glamorgan, though its mountain sheep may be said to be a distinct breed, as there are no other Welsh sheep of quite a similar type. The sheep of the Vale to-day are simply descended from the leading English breeds, i.e., the aiiropshire, Oxford, and Hampshire Downs, and there are excellent flockii of those breeds all over the Vale. But they are of comparatively recent introduc- tion, as up to thirty or so years ago the Vale .was filled with maguinoent liocks of long- wooted sheep, native 01 the district, but im- proved by the crossing with the best Cost- TTOW blood. When the Royal Agricultural Society held its meeting av Carditt in 1872, prizes were offered lor the best managed farms in South vY ales and Monmouthshire, and the judges for tne bame--se.eral of Eng- land's then leading larmers—expressed them- selves in terms or cue iugnest praise of the Vale liocks ol sneep. -but, as the delicate ironworker and collier became the consuming community, and were unable to eat good fat mutton, the farmers abandoned the old liocks and went for the most lean cutting-down breeds. I still have a small Hock of the old breed pure, and personally deplore the change, as I think that much of our local 4 bovine glory departed with the decay of the longwools. Is there any county in the country so extensively exploited Dy competitive rail- way systems as Glamorgan? A magazine writer mentions eleven different compan- ies:—The Great Western, Midland, London and North Western, Talf Vale, Rhymney, Barry, Brecon and Mert-hyr, Neath and Brecon, Rhondda and Swansea Bay, Cardiff, and Vale of but there are four more—Port Talbot, south. Wales Mineral, Alexandra and Newport, and Mumbles— making fifteen in all. is there any other county accommodating hi tee 11 railway sys- tems., Two ot these railways carry no pas- sengers—Cardilf and South W ales Mineral; and one—the Mumoles-—is a curiousity in being a sort of cross between a railway and
IRON MINING AT LLANHARRY. An important industrial development is pending in the neighoourhood of Llantri- sant. The Cardiff Hematite Iron Ore Com- pany (Limited) has just re-commenced work- ing at Llanharry, and in less than twelve months, it is expected, will be producing iron ore at the rate of 400 urns per day. The company was formed in 1901, and sank a shaft to a depth of 120ft., and then drove a heading for a distance of 204ft. At this point good marketable ore was struck, and a certain quantity was worked and sold to some of the local ironworks. Then it was found that the shaft had not been sunk to a sufficient depth, and it had to be considered whether it should be deepened or whether another main shaft should be constructed. This it was proposed to sink in close proximity to a bore-hole which had been put down a good many years ago by the Treca.stle Company, whose property adjoins. In this a thickness of 49tt. of ore had been found at a depth of 294ft. However, the matter was left in abeyance for some time, the mine being closed in 1904. Now the present dicetors of the company have decided to sink this shaft, and are advertising for tenders for the work. Men are at present engaged at the mine in moving the machin- ery. The original capital of the company was £ 5,000 in ordinary shares, and this has been increased to £1.5,000 by an issue of £1 prefer- ence shares. All of these 10,000 shares have been subscribed, and 5s. per share has been paid up. The chairman of the company is Mr. Illtyd Williams, of the Linthorpe Iron- works, Middlesborough, and the other direc- tors are Mr. E. T. John, Middlesborough; Mr. R. Everett, Liverpool; and Mr. J. T. Phoenix, solicitor, Cardiff. The secretary of the company is Mr. J. H. Hutcheson, of Victoria Chambers, Newport. From the proofs of the out-crop ore and the bore-hole" and the continuity of the geological formation through the whole of property, it is computed that at a depth of about 300ft. there are several million tons of high-grade ore within the company's boun- daries. Samples have been analysed by well known analytical firms, and it is estimated that ore of at least 53 per cent. will be pro- duced.
BR1L>tiling rui-ivL COURi. Saturday.—Before Messrs. R. W. Llewellyn (in the chair), W. Llewellyn, E. t. Lynch- Blosse, Jacob Edwards, W. Howell, W. J. Grffin, Thos. Rees, J. P. Gibbon, R. L. Knight, and Dr. Parry. TRANSFER. The transfer of the Queen's Head, Porth- cawl, was granted to C'haries Sansome, for- merly of PoiUycyrniner (son of Inspector John Sansome, of Mae»Leg) from Samuel Best. A GARW TRUANT. John Harman, 58 Bridgend-road, Ponty- cymmer, was summoned in respect of the non-attendance UJ. uis iuu >v liiiam at school. The Bench ordered the boy to be sent to a truant school for six months. MAES TEG WOMEN QUARREL. Margaret Edmunds, wife of Evan Edmunds, Llwydarch Cottages, Maesteg, summoned Mary Anil Bosanko, of the same street, for assault on December 1st. Complainant stated that there had been some disagreement between her grandchild and the defendant's little girl. Defendant went to her house, struck her twice and pulled her hair. Mrs. Williams, daughter of the complain- ant, gave corroborative evidence. Defendant emphatically denied the assault. She asserted that Mrs. Williams struck her with a poker. P.C. Dagg said comDlainant came to him after the assault, doliu. lie notiueu thai she was bleeding. Complainant was a hard- working woman, but he had received com- plaints regarding the defendant. A fine of El was imposed. THEFT AT CAERAU. James Henry Davies, collier, Caerau, was charged with stealing an overcoat value 8s., the property of David Owen, colliery over- man. Prosecutor stated that on November 24th he put his overcoat in a cabin near the Caerau Colliery, and the next day he missed it. Llewellyn Workman, a collier, deposed that on November 24th he went to the colliery with the defendant. It was raining heavily. Defendant went into the cabin and came away with the overcoat in his po»atit>sioii. Defendant said he did not intend stealing the overcoat. He merely put it on because it was raining. Davies was jointly charged with Joseph Bryant, also of Caerau, with stealing a hatchet, belonging to Llewellyn Be van. Prosecutor said he put the hatchet in a tool box near the Caerau Colliery, belonging to a contractor. It was subsequently missed. Llewellyn Workman sooke to seeing the two defendants lifting the lid of the tool box and taking the hatchet (produced). Both defendants pleaded guilty. Davies was fined 30s. in respect of each theft, with an alternative of 10 days' im- prisonment, and Bryant was ordered to pay JE;2, or seven days.
WHEELWRIGHT AND FARMER.
BROKEN LEG SEQUEL AT COWBRIDGE At Cow bridge on Tuesday William Wil- liams, of St. Mary Church, wheelwright, was charged upon remand witn doing grievous bodily harm to Mordecai Jenkins, of the Herberts Farm, St. Mary Church, fa nier, by breaking his leg. Both are well k own in the district, and there was a larg attend- ance of the public. Mr. Harold -.ioyd, of Cardiff, appeared on behalf of tin prosecu- tion, and Alderman T. J. Hughes defended. At the opening of the case Alderman T. J. Hughes stated that he had an application to make with the concurrence of his learned friend. It appeared that unfortunately on the 25th of November last Jenkins and Wil- liams had a scuffle, with the result that Jen- kins received a severe fracture of his leg and had been incapacitated since. Jenkins gave Williams into custody, and alleged that lie had been kicked. Both men were tenants on the Margam Estate, and had now made up their differences by shaking hands. Wil- liams was prepared to act generously in the matter. The unfortunate iiali had suffered a good deal of pain, and Williams had com- pensated him in such a manner that he would be put to no expense. Alderman Hughes added that he would rather not mention the amount that was paid, unless the Bench wished to know, but he could tell them it was a substantial amount. Both he and his friend had consulted the police on the matter and he thought the interests of the public would not suffer by the course suggested, if his friend would allow the prosecution to be withdrawn. Mr. Harold Lloyd concurred. Compensa- tion had been made, he said, and he felt that the best had been done in the interest of his client. The Bench, after consultation, agreed to the charge being withdrawn. It was a happy ending to an unfortunate affair, and the parties were greatly indebted to their re- spective advocates for the moderation and tact displayed in settling a nasty business. The proceedings were then allowed to be formally withdrawn, and the parties left the Court with their respective friends.
LOCAL NEWS. Great interest will } e shown by all in Bridgend in the extremely interesting item of local news which we are able to print to- day. Such intelligence of a neighbour's good fortune is welcome not only for itself, but because it will convey a grand message of hope to all who read it. For years I suffered with pains in the small of my back and loins," says Mr. John Tombs, 7 Brook-street, Bridgend. Every could I caught settled in my kidneys, making me worse than ever. When stooping, the pains were dreadful, and it hurt me fearfully to get upright again. I was advised to get some of Doan's Backache Kidney Pills to try, and I found they gave me relief very soon. I took several boxes, with the result that I am free from the pains in my back. Doan's Pills have done me the world of good. (Signed), John Tombs." Doan's Backache Kidney Pills should be taken at the first sign of anything wrong. There is no other safe way, because kidney disease is dangerous, and must not be neg- lected. Doan's Pills strengthen the kidneys and help them in their work of filtering the poisonous wasto from the blood, thus keep- ing it pure and healthy. When the kidneys are weak and diseased, they cannot do this important work, and you will begin to suffer with pains in the back and limbs, headache, sleeplessness, dizzy spells, misty sight; and unless the kidneys get quick and special help, you will be in danger of "erious illness— dropsy, rheumatism, sciatica, urinary and bladder disorders. That is why Doan's Pills should be used at the first sign of kidney disease. Doan's Backache Kidney Pills are two shil- lings and ninepence per box (six boxes for thirteen shillings and ninepence). Of all chemists and stores, or post free, direct from Foster-McClellan Co.. 8 Wells-street, Oxford- street. London. W. Do not forget to use the full name, Doan's Backache Kidney Pills.
Aberavon Justices' Intentions. The annual Licensing Sessions of the Aber- avon (County) Division were held at Port Talbot on Monday, Mr. S. H. Byass presid- ing over a full bench of justices. The Chairman said they could not then renew the whole of the licenses because they considered that in some districts there were too many houses. The Bench proposed to pay visits to the houses during the week, and consider the cases at the adjourned licensing meeting. The following are the houses the renewals of which were adjourned: Blaencorrwg Castle Hotel, Jenkins Arms, Glyncorrwg; Queen's Hotel, Glyncorrwg; Glyncorrwg Hotel, Gadlys Arms, Glyn- corrwg: Colliers' Arms, Glyncorrwg; Cymmer Hotel, Cymmer; Boar's Head, Hearts of Oak. Pontrhydyfen Miners' Arms, Tonmawr; Colliers' Arms, Pwllyglaw; Ivor- ites' Arms, Pwllvglaw British Lion, PSvlly- glaw; King's Head, Pontrhydyfen; Mill- wrights' Arms, Cwmavon Colliers' Arms, Efailfach. Mr. Trevor Hunter applied on behalf of Mrs. Porter, Railway Inn, Tonmawr, for the final grant of a full-license provisional grant made by the Court last licensing day.—The application was granted.
-0- EVIL" OF TWO COMMITTEES. WEEKLY MEETINGS TO BE HELD IN FUTURE. ANIMATED DISCU S SION. There was an unusually large attendance of members at the fortnightly meeting of the Bridgend and Cowbridge Board of Guardians on Saturday, when a long and, at times, ani- mated debate took place on the subject of administration of out-reiier. rtev. H. Eynon Lewis was in the chair, and the newly-ap- pointed Poor Law Inspector (Mr. Williams) was among those present. Mr. W. McGaul (Bridgend) had given no- tice of the Icilowing motion lhat the Standing Orders be amended so as to provide for weekly meetings of tke Board (every Saturday), and that the relief lists be dealt with by one committee, consisting of all the members, instead of two committees as at present, the motion to take effect forthwith. Mr. T. J. Job (Nantymoel) asked whether the notice had been properly given, as the Standing Orders laid it down that notices of motion should be "delivered to the clerk. After some discussion on the point, the Chairman said he did not see any force in the objection. Mr. McGaul: Mr. Jou uas evidently missed his calling by not choosing the legal profes- sion. He is evidently cut out for a lawyer. (Laughter.) Proceeding, Mr. McGaul said the motion was in poor hands so far as elo- quence was concerned—laughter)—but if the Guardians could oe convinced by facts, then thev would vote for the motion, as bringing about a much-desired change. He hoped none would act on -dog-in_the-manger lines, and say that because I cant come every Saturday, I'll vote for foitnightly meetings." When the motion to hold fort- nightly meetings was brought forward he thought there might be something in it after all and that the old members were not al- ways right. (Hear, hear.) What were the facts? They had been holding fortnightly meetings nnd dispensing; relief by means of two committees for nearly twelve months, and out-relief was going up by leaps and bounds, and after nearly a years working they found that the increase amounted to nearly £ 1,000. The ratepayers must be considered as well as the poor. He had been accused of preferring to drown a work- ing-man than give him any assistance. Me repudiated that charge with all the force of his nature-(hear, hear)—and he was glad to say he had a little force left yet..(Hear, hear.) It might be found inconvenient by some of the Guardians to attend weekly, but they must consider the ratepayers before themselves, and if they had undertaken a duty which they could not discharge, they should let someone else have a try. The cir- cumstances of relief cases required careful investigation, and, though the relieving officers would lose half a day holiday, their responsibility would be reduced. At present if a member missed one meeting, he got out of touch with the work of the Board for a month. He had been accused of being a spend-thrift, but he would reply that "it was the little leak that sunk the ship because the big hole was soon found out." (Laughter.) He wanted to stop leaks, and he did not care a tinker's no, he would not say that. (Laughter.) Mr. J. 1. D. Nicholl (Merthyrmawr) secon- ded. He was not exactly sure how to record his vote when the change to fort- nightly meetings was propesed, but, after the experience the Board Had passed through there were no two opinions in his mind. They had tried the fortnightly meetings for nearly two years—not 12 months as Mr. Mc- Gaul had asserted—and all who looked fairly at the present state of affairs must agree that it was high time to revert to the old mode of administration. (Hear, hear.) The relief would be infinitely better administered if the Board adopted the motion than it had been during the past two years. Their late chairman (Archdeacon Edmondes) had re- peatedly warned the Board on this matter. The total membership of the Board was 88, and he saw no reason why the ratepayers could not be entrusted with the selection of 88 people who could attend pretty regularly. Mr. T. W. Job (Ogmore Vale) moved the elimination of the latter portion of Mr. Mc- Gaul's motion dealing with the administra- tion of relief by committees. He had no objection to attend weekly meetings, but he thought it would be considerably to the ad- vantage of the Guardians that relief should be dispensed by means of two committees as in the past. Oftentimes the two commit- tees sat until 3 o'clock, and if only one com- mittee dealt with the relief lists they would be at work until 5 o'clock. Their experi- ence was that few Guardians sat through the relief business, and it might be taken for granted that only a few would be present at the end. Mr. T. E. Hopkins (Maesteg) said the Guardians should not dictate to their suc- cessors in; office as to how the relief should be administered. That Board would only hold three or four more meetings before the elections, and they might just as well leave any alteration to the new Board. It was totally unnecessary to change the Standing Orders. The Chairman I understood you were se- conding the amendment. Mr. Hopkins I move that the matter be left to the new Board. The Chairman If I had known that you should not have got your speech in. (Laughter.) Mr. Thomas Morgan (Nantymoel) seconded the amendment. Rev. D. Rees (Bridgend) opposed the amendment, because he disapproved of sec- tional administration of relief; he thought the whole of the relief lists should be dealt with by one committee. A committee had been appointed to inquire why the relief was going up in a certain district, and some were suspicious that it was due to the relief being dealt with in a sectional way. If they had weekly meetings this would be avoided. The fortnightly meetings had proved a failure in NI Merthvr. Mr. J. I. D. Nicholl also spoke in opposi- tion to the amendment. His experience had convinced him that the two-committee sys- tem" was wrong. He sometimes presided over one of the relief committees, and, owing presumably to the other committee being more popular, he had been left alone with an officer of the Board to dispense relief. On other occasions he had only had the assist- ance of one Guardian. Mr. Thomas Morgan said the same thing occurred when the Board held weekly meet- ings and dispensed relief by means of one committee. Then relief was administered by a one-man Board." Mr. Edward Edwards (Ogmore Vale) said the impression which Mr. McGaul created was that he had come there to amuse the Board. The Chairman If gentlemen will keep to the motion and leave out personalities we shall get on better. (Hear, hear.) Proceeding, Mr. Edwards said Mr. McGaul was tampering with the Standing Orders a fortnight ago. and then they gave him some encouragement. If they gave him any more he would be proposing amendments every meeting. It was absurd to change the Standing Orders just at the expiration of the Board's term of office. The present arrange- ment suited the Labour members, and they should be considered. These men made a great sacrifice. ("Oh.") Yes, a greater sacrifice than any other members of the Board. (Mr. McGaul: "Question.") They had to give up a day's work. (Mr. D. Spencer They are paid for it.") Exactly, but by the working classes. He contended that they sacrificed more than other mem- bers. ("Nonsense.") There were present that day gentlemen whose faces seemed quite strange. (Hear, hear, and laughter.) They were totally strange to him. and they had no doubt come there for a particular purpose. C' No, no.") They had had one instalment of Labour members at that Board, and they would have a second instalment in April. (Hear, hear, and interruption.) If the mo- tion were carried now an attempt would soon be made to reverse it. It was absurd to think that the administration of out-relief would he better under the old arrangement. (Mr. McGaul: Of course it will.) The ob- ject was to alter the present out-relief, which worked out at 3s. Old. per head per week- surely not an extravagant figure. If they altered the Standing Orders they would not I reduce the amount, because there was a changed policy in the Board, which was not going to be upset by Standing Orders. The House Committee held weekly meetings, and what was the experience? The cost of in- door maintenance had gone up enormously, and the figure now stood higher than ever before—12s. 7 td. He did not blame the committee, because it was inevitable and the out-relief was inevitable. They could not do away with poverty. Mr. F. Cox (Maesteg) was astounded to see a number of gentlemen present whom he had never seen there before. (Laughter.) They had come to interfere with the work of the working Guardians, and to cause the .Labour representatives inconvenience. He agreed that the ratepayers should be considered, but not to the disadvantage of the poor. ("Oh.") Mr. R. J. Davies (Maesteg) opposed the amendment. On a vote being taken, 11 voted for and 32 against the amendment, wnich was declared lost. Mr. T. J. Job (Nantymoel) said that when he came to the Board it struck him that re- lief was given in a haphazard manner, as only a few attended the relief business. Mr. McGaul's motion would not improve matters because there would still be the exodus of members when the public business was com- pleted. The work of dealing with the relief was left to the faithful few. and now they were to be penalised. He asked the Inspec- tor of the Local Government Board to note that that day's attendance was not what they were accustomed to. These men, who usu- ally went into the town to dine after public business was over, had come there to put a fresh tax on the energies of the Labour re- presentatives, who had come there to revolu- tionise the Board's relief policy. Relief, he thought, should be administered by rules and regulations, but the whole question should be left to the new Board. Rev. W. A. Edwards (vice-chairman) moved that the question be referred to the General Purposes Committee for report. It would be a great mistake to arrive at a de- cision hastily. (A voice Cut it short.") He claimed the protection of the Board against rudeness, though he did not object to any amount of fair and reasonable criti- cism. (Hear. hear.) Mr. Michael Davies seconded the amend- ment, which, after some discussion, was de- feated by 30 votes to 16. Mr. Edward Hopkin (Aberkenfig), speaking against Mr. McGaul's motion, said the out- relief policy would not be changed by the passing of the motion. A reflection had been cast on the Labour members. He was elected as a Labour representative, but had not received a penny piece for his services. He came there at a great sacrifice. He had attended a relief committee that day, and there were only four other members present. On emerging from the committee-room, how- ever, he was confronted by a host of persons who had come there for the purpose of sup- porting that motion. He hoped the consti- tuencies would bring their continually-ab- sent members to book. Mr. J. Pope (Ogmore Vale) agreed that Mr McGaul had still a little sympathy with the poor left, but he wished to put great empha- sis on the little." The change would be burdensome for the Labour members. Mr. T. W. Job warned the supporters of the motion that their object to counteract the terrible Labour members would not be attained. (Laughter.) The Labour repre- sentatives would sit the Board out," and would be in the majority after public busi- ness, as they had usually been. Thus if those who were not Labour representatives voted for the motion, they would vote them- selves into the hands of the enemy. (Laugh- ter.) He advised them to let sleeping dogs lie." Mr. McGaul briefly replied to the discus- sion, and said -ur. T. J. Job was no author- ity on the question, because he never "sat the meeting through." The vote was then taken as follows:—For the motion. 28; against, 24. The motion was declared carried. On the conclusion of the public business, the Board resolved itself into committee for the consideration of the relief-lists, the mo- tion being enforced forthwith."
ESPLANADE HOTEL, PORTHCAWL. -+- RECEIVERS APPLICATION. Silver v. The Esplanade Hotel (Porthcawl) C-ompany, Limited, and Gustavus Helsham.— In the Chancery Division on Friday Mr. Justice Joyce had before him a motion by Edward Preece, junr., the receiver appoin- ted in this action by order dated 21st Decem- ber, 190.5, that the order dated 20th Decem- ber, 1906, directing Edward Preece to pay the sums of t20 15s. 5d. and tl4 15s. 9d. re- spectively, in respect of the urban and poor rates, and the sum of 13s. in respect of police court expenses, might be discharged, and that the plaintiff and the Porthcawl Urban District Council and the overseers of the poor for the parish of Newton Nottage might be ordered to pay the costs of the motion. Mr Matthews, who appeared for the receiver, said he was instructed that the demands for these moneys were never seen by the receiver and were made in respect of rates due from the defendant before his appointment as re- ceiver. The order was made by the Master in Chancery. Counsel said the receiver was not present at the appointment before the master, and that the registrar had expressed himself dissatisfied with the fact that the re- ceiver was not represented. As the result of a discussion, in which Mr. Justice Cozens Hardy took part on the other side, Mr. Justice Joyce said that before de- ciding this case he would make inquiries of the master, and directed the motion to stand over accordingly.
MID-GLAMORGAN LABOUR PARTY. A meeting of the Executive Council of the Mid-Glamorgan Labour Party was held at Port Talbot on Saturday. Mr. Vernon Hartshorn, president, was in the chair. The constitution and rules, which had been printed and distributed to the various affili- 1 10 ated organisations, were considered and agreed to, and both constitution and rules will be submitted for final approval to the next party conference. The Executive are following with much interest the proceedings of the Miners' Federation regarding the selecting of a Labour candidate for Mid-Gla- morgan, with a view to ultimate co-operation on this question, which is likely to take place between the Mid-Glamorgan Labour party and the Federation. It was reported at the meeting on Saturday that in some of the miners' districts within the division the nominations were complete, but the Garw and Western districts were not quite ready. It was resolved that the members of the Exe- cutive should undertake the formation of local Labour committees on their respective districts to secure the election of Labour candidates at the forthcoming local elections, and that in places were Labour candidates were being run for the County Council these committees should co-operate, so that the whole of the district might be efficiently covered.
Port Talbot County School. The annual distribution of prizes at Port Talbot County School took place on Friday afternoon at the Grand Hotel, Aberavon. Mr. Edward Davies, J.P., Port Talbot, pre- sided, and he was supported by Mr. Godfrey Lipscomb, J.P., Mr. W. Barry (headmaster), Miss Oakley (headmistress), Mr. G. J. Stokes, J.P., Mr. J. M. Smith, J.P. (Mayor of Aber- avon), Mr. W. Walton, Mr. Marmaduke Ten- nant, J.P. (town clerk), Mrs. Godfrey Lips- comb, Mrs. Llewellyn (Baglan Hall), Rev. Z. P. Williamson, R.D. (Margam). The head- master reported that 11 scholars had secured junior certificates, the Welsh Central Board had given 13 junior certificates, and four had won honours certificates. He complimented M iss Editli Brooks upon securing first place for the county, with honours, at the Central Welsh Board examination, and fifth for the whole of Wales. (Applause.) Like other county schools, they had more pupils than they could accommodate, and the County Council now proposed to erect a new school, either for the boys or girls, as desired. Per- sonally, he did not agree with the separation of the sexes, and considered that the educa- tion of boys and girls together was prefer- able. He hoped the County Council would make ample provision at the new school for playing grounds. He also advocated the teaching of Welsh in the Ceunty Schools. Mrs. G. Lipscomb distributed the prizes. The Rev. Z. P. Williamson proposed, and the Mayor of Abe.ravon seconded, a vote of thanks to Mrs. Lipscomb, and this was warmly carried. The pupils delighted the audience with a dramatic performance.
FATHER'S DEATH AT ASYLUM. SUPERINTENDENT S REPLY TO OGMORE MAN S COMPLAINT. Rev H. Eynon Lewis (Brynnienin) presided at the meeting of the Bridgend and Cow- bridge Board of Guardians 011 Saturday, and the Rev. W. A. Edwards (Llangan) was in the vice-chair. RELIEF. The Clerk (Mr. R. Harmar Cox) reported that during the week ended January 18th, 1 1357 outdoor paupers were relieved at a cost of L195 9s. 6d., as compared with 1,150 at £ 1,590 7s. 4d. in the corresponding period of last year, and in the week ended January 25tii 1383 at £ 21)3 2s. 4d, compared with 1,209 at £ 170 18s. 5d. in the same period of last year. The vagrants relieved during the fortnight numbered 311 compared with 279 last year. ASSESSMENT APPEALS. The Ellham Board wrote requesting the co- operation of the Board with regard to pro- posed alterations in the conduct of assess- ment appeals. It is proposed that all ap- peals to the Assessment Committees of claims for reduction should contain a statement of the amount claimed and full information of the grounds on which the claim is based, etc. Also that on the demand of either side, claims should be referred to a court of arbi- tration. The letter was referred to the Assessment Committee for report. OGMORE SON S COMPLAINT. The Clerk said he had written to Dr. R. Finlay, medical superintendent of the Gla- morgan County Asylums, asking for his ob- servations on a communication received from Mr. John Davies, an Ogmore Vale collier, who complained that he had received no in- timation of the death of his father at the asylum. Dr. Finlay replied as follows:- On the 30th November, 1906, a card inti- mating that the patient was seriously ill and could be visited on any day was sent to the address on our books-26 Fronwen-terrace, Ogmore Vale-and, as we regarded it, in re- sponse to this notice the patient was visited by his sou on December 20th, 011 which date the visitor was seen by the medical officer in charge of Parc Gwyllt, but he made no ar- rangement in regard to burial in the event of death taking place, nor did he direct special attention to the fact that the sick card' was not sent to his address. The patient became suddenly worse on January 2nd, and died in a very short time, and no opportunity was thus afforded for sending a second notice in compliance with the son's request. On the day of death the usual no- tices were sent, and in reply the following letter was received —' 26 Fronwen-terrace, Ogmore Vale, Jan. 4th.—Dear Sir, In reply to your communication re the death of my father-in-law, for which I thank you, I much regret that I have no desire to remove the body, nor can I attend the funeral, owing to very distressed circumstances, my husband being an inmate there also. Yours truly. Mrs. Davies.' Acting upon this the burial took place in the usual course. When the son visited Pare Gwyllt 011 January 5th, after the burial had taken nlace, he was correctly informed by the medical officer that exhu- mation could not take place without an order of the Home Secretary. The son is under a misapprehension that lie saw me at Angelton on Sunday, the 6th Jan. He saw the senior medical officer on duty at the time, and, in any circumstances, the only information that could be given was the same that he re- ceived on the previous day from the medical officer at Pare Gwyllt. I may state that it has since come to my notice that the patient's son is not on friendly terms with his sister- in-law, who received the various notices, which fact was doubtless chiefly accountable for the annoyance and inconvenience he has been caused." Mr. T. Butler (Llangynwyd) said he knew for a certainty" that the asylum authori- ties did not carry out what they professed to. The son had made several charges which had not been replied to. He moved that a committee be appointed to inquire into the whole of the circumstances. Mr. T. W. Job (Ogmore Vale) seconded. The son was prepared, lie said, to give evi- dence before any committee, and he still ad- hered to his story that he had made special arrangements with the medical officer in charge at Pare Gwyllt to write him if any- thing occurred to his father. He was pre- pared to meet the medical superintendent. The motion was carried. Mr. J. O'Brien (Maesteg) Can we compel the medical superintendent to appear before the committee? Mr D. H. Price (Kenfig Hill): He will come if he is asked, no doubt. Mr. John Howells (Maesteg): I think the medical superintendent and the man who made the complaint should appear before the committee. The following were appointed to form the committee:—The Chairman, Messrs. Butler, T. C. Jones, T. W. Job, and Michael Davies. DEATH AT ASYLUM. The Clerk said notification had been re- ceived of the death at the asylum of Evan Williams, who was admitted from the work- house on December 6th, 1905. The deceased formerly resided at Bettws. DELEGATE'S EXPENSES. Mr. T. J. Job (Nantymoel), pursuant to notice, moved that two delegates be ap- pointed to attend the Central Poor Law Con- ference in London, and that their reasonable expenses be paid, and this having been carried, Messrs. John Howells (Maesteg) and Illtyd Williams (Castleton) were selected. Mr. T. Rees (Bridgend) asked whether it would be possible to get particulars of the expenses of the delegates who had gone for a change" during the past twelve months. (Laughter.) The Clerk undertook to supply the infor- mation at the next meeting. NEW INSPECTOR. The Chairman, in introducing Mr. Hugh Williams, the new Poor Law Inspector, said he was succeeding a worthy official. He had one additional advantage, namely, that he was a Welshman. (Applause.) Mr. Willliams said he had attended the meeting to see how the Guardians carried out their duties, and he thanked them for the cordial manner in which lie had been re- ceived. It was a matter of satisfaction to know that at any rate he started on good terms with them. He was following a good officer, and looking around him he saw evi- dences of Mr. Bircham's work. Their new infirmary was a great credit to them, and he congratulated the Board on possessing such a fine institution. He saw all over the dis- trict what Mr. Bircham haa been able to do. and he hoped that the good feeling which had existed between the Board and that Poor Law Inspector would continue. (Applause.)
Will of Colonel D R. David. Mr. David Roderick David, of Maesgwyn, Port Talbot, who died on January 1st last, aged 65 years, left estate ot the gross value of £28,839 lis. 8d., with net personalty £ 22,311 5s. 6d., and probate of his will dated June 15th last has been granted to his widow Mrs. Margaret David, and his sons, Mr. Llewellyn David, tinplate manufacturer, and Mr. Thomas Jenkins David, solicitor, all of Maesgwyn. The testator oequeathed £ 100 to his wife, and left to her the use of his household and personal effects during her widowhood and an annuity ot £ 400 for a like period, to be reduced in the event of her re- marriage to £ 100, and he bequeathed a life insurance policy of £ 1.000 with bonus addi- tions to his daughters Editli. wife of the Rev. Morgan Powell: Maggie, wife of Dr. R. W. Roberts; Annie, wife of Mr. Griffiths, of Treorky; and Emily David, and he be- queathed t300 each to his unmarried daugh- ters. jE500 to his son Thomas Jenkins David, and a further jElOO to furnish his office should he commence a practice at Port Talbot or district; £100 to his clerk, John Rees, for faithful services; and £ 10 to his servant George. The testator left certain directions as to the carrying on of his business, and the residue of his estate he left to his children in equal shares, the shares of his daughters being retained on trust for their benefit for life, with remainder to their children and re- moter issue. The testator also left to his son Llewellyn David the premises known as, the Union Tavern and a house adjoining in Port Talbot, or the proceeds thereof should the said premises have been sold.
HINTS i^Oii iiiiL HOME. HINTS ON MWELl'ING. When yoa sweep a room raise as little dust as possible, because this dust, wh"n breathed, irri- tates the nose and throat and may set up catarrh. Some of the dust breathed in dustv air reaches the lunps, making parts of them black and hard and useless. To prevent making a rrcat dust in sweeping, use moist sav. J: r-. When the room is carpeted, moisten a newspaper and tear it into small scraps and scatter these over the carpet when you bei.rm sweeping. As you sweep, brush the paper along by the broom, and they will catch most of the dust and hold it fast, just as the sawdust does on bare floors. Do not have either the paper or the sawdust dripping wet, only moist. In dusting a room do not use a feather duster, because this does not remove the dust from the room, but only brushes it into the air so that you breathe it in. cr it settles down and leaves you the work to d't over -i- a.i. Use soft. dry cloths to dust with, and shake tl--Tn frequently D'lt of the window, or use slightly moistened cloths ajid rinse them out in water when you have finished. In this way you get the dust out of the room. CLEANSING THE TEETH. It ia a mistake to suppose that the teeth of every person should be of the same whiteness. The variation of colour is largely a constitutional result. There is only the general rule to offer respecting the care of tho teeth, and that is that. they be kept immaculately clean and in perfect health. Their colour then matters nothing, for their condition will prove that they are well at- tended to. The teeth should be cleansed after each meal. THE CARE OF THE EYES. Whatever promotes peneral hygiene is bene- ficial to the eyes. One should avoid reading while lying down or when exhausted, and sud- den changes from the dark to brilliant light. Unspaced type is injurious. Reading in trains is bad for the eyes, by reason of the oscillating movements requiring the naper to be held too near, causing overwork of the muscles of accom- modation. One should carry the head erect and avoid tight neckwear, which causes passive con- gestion of the head and eyes. Fox advises bath- ing the eyes twice daily with cold water up to forty years: and after fifty with water as hot as possible, followed by the cold. A SHAMPOO LOTION. A good shampoo lotion may be made of the yolk of an egg to which has been added loz. of spirit of rosemary, diluted with two breakfast- cupfuls of soft water. The lotion should be well mixed and slightly warmed before it is used, TO PRESERVE CUT FLOWERS. Plaoe a bell glass over them, but if required for the table, gum the petals to the calyx: this holds them several days. The freshness of cut flowers may be greatly prolonged by keeping them in tea-water; tea leaves that have been pre- viously used will make a sufficiently strong infu- sion for the purpose. Tepid tea-water will rapidly revive flowers that have been kept without water, as they are when sent by post or train; flowers that are slightly faded should never be put in cold water at all, as the coldness rapidlv kills them. Ferns and flowers in pots, watered with tea-water, are generally benefited, and its effect on the growth and health of the maiden- hair fern is very remarkable. Cover the flowers with a glass vase, and keep them as much as possible from exposure to the air or draughts, especially during night. RED ARMS. The trouble from which so many girls suffer so much-namely, that of red arms, which so mate- rially affects the appearance when evening dress is in question, is often merely one of the ills of early youth, the redness ceasing in later years. It can, however, be combated with a little care and attention, and a good remedy is to soap the arms well over with a soft flannel regularly every morning when performing the ablutions. In the evening the treatment is altered, and the arms should be bathed with a warm concoction composed of gruel. THE ABSURDITY OF FRETTING. There is one absurdity which is everywhere underestimated, and too much overlooked in valuation of character. It is the absurdity of fretting. It is common as air, as speech—so common that, unless it rises above its usual monotone, we do not even observe it. Watch any ordinary coming together of people, and see how many minutes it will be before somebody frets—that is, makes more or less complaining statements of something or other, which pro- bably everyone in the room, or in the train, or at the street corner, it may be, knew before, and probably nobody can help. Why say anything about it? It is cold, it is hot, it is dry, some- body has broken an appointment, ill-cooked a meal; stupidity or bad faith somewhere has re- sulted in discomfort. There are plenty of thinga to fret about. WINTER SOUPS. A correspondent writes to the Gentlewoman that she "cannot afford to give rich soups every day at luncheon and dinner, as bones and vege- tables cost so much." She says her family con- sists of seven persons, three of whom are ser- vants. With this number, says "Luculla" in reply, there must be enough meat cooked, to say nothing of fish, poultry, and game, to supply a continually full stockpot without ever once buy- ing bonee. And winter is the time when nourishing soups are most valuable. To begin with fish soups, the water in which any fish has been boiled affords excellent stock. It is usually thrown down the sink, it is true, but all the same it is a:i asset in housekeeping. For oyster soup take a quart of the water in which codfish, turbot, john dory. or fresh had- dock has been boiled. Throw into it the well- washed trimmings of the fish, and let it boil fast twenty minutes. Then .-train away all that is not clear liquid. Thicken it with flour and butter, season it to ta-te, stir it over the fire for ten minutes, and add six or twelve cooking oysters, each cut in four. Shrimp soup, prawn IOUp, or lobster bisque can bo made in the samo way, instead of oyster. A little cream is an im- provement. Bones from joints, poultry, game, the water in which peas or beans, or artichokes have been boiled, and gravy left over from dinner, the potted meat left in the bottom of the jar. the cold chop or morsel of steak, the bit of cold tongue too small to appear at table, the stuffing left in duck or turkey, the bread sauce and brown breadcrumbs left over from roast pheasant, any or all of these make fine stock for soup. With this can be made celery soup, gravy, macaroni, mulligatawny (excellent in winter), Scotch broth, potato soup, pea soup. rice, spinach, tomato, or petite marmite. In fact, any kind.
NICE DISHES. APPLE SOUFFLEE.-Peel and core two apples and place them on to stew in water and a little sugar. When soft. turn into a pudding-dish, cut a sponge cake into thin slices, lav them on the top of the apple, add a gill of milk. and pour it over the sponge cake. Bake in the oven for fifteen or twenty minutes. POTAGE A L'OIONOX.—Slice twelve large onions very thinly and one turnip, two carrots, and two heads of celery. Fry them in ^lb. of butter till brown; add four quarts of boiling water, four anchovies, four blades of mace, a few pepper- corns, some salt, and two penny rolls of white bread. Boil all together till reduced to a pulp. Strain, set on the fire, and skim. Then thicken with the yolks of six eggs. Serve with fried bread or French roll. POMMES AU BEURRE.—Peel some large cooking apples, remove the cores, and fill the spaces with a little fresh butter. Place them in rows-Jlob touching each other—on a buttered fireproof dish, add several small pieces of butter, and I cook in a moderate over. basting them from time to time with the hot, butter. Prepare some rounds of bread, fry in butter, and when ready serve the apples on the croutons in the form of a ring, filling the centre with stewed apples. Pour over the melted butter in which they were cooked, then melt a few spoonfuls of gooseberry jelly, and pour this in turn over the top. and serve at oncc. CELERY AND W AI.XCTT SAL AT).—Take a head of ^lean it well, and divide into neat pieces. Shell £ lb. of walnuts, and peel them. Make a good mayonnaise sauce with two hard-boiled yolks of oil. cream, vinegar, and French mustard, heason with pepper and salt, ar.d mix. in the walnuts. Arrange the celery in a salad bowl, pour over the walnut mayonnaise, and garnish with slices of hard-boiled eggs and beet- root. FROZEN PUDDING A LA MARIE.—lqt. milk., 4oz. sultanas, the yolks 15 four eggs, two dozen sweet almonds, 3oz. candied citron. I-lb. sugar, one tablespoonful of vanilla essence. Put the milk and sultanas into a double boder and cook thene for twenty minutes. Beat together the volkn of eggs and the sugar, add them to the hot milk, cook for one minute, and then strain. When cold add the cilr01. chopped fine, the almonda blanched and shredded, and the vanilla essence. Freeze in the same wa.v as "ou would ice cream.
|. Made with fresh boiling water in a hot tea-pot it will gratify the taste of the 'A DAILY TREAT." mostSfastiLus. Sold in string-tied packets TEA by principal grocers. I I THE HEALING YALUE OF ELLIMAN'S in tie treatment of Aches 1 B and Pains is too firmly established to need pressing. ELLIMAN'S Universal I B Embrocation, on account of its curative properties, can be relied upon as the B B beet remedy for Kheumatism, Lumbago, Sprains, Bruises, Sore Throat from B u H Cold, Neuralgia from Cold, Cold at the Chest, Chronic Bronchitis, Backache, I H Cramp, Wounds, Stiffness, Soreness of the Limbs after Cycling, Football, I 1 Rowing, Golf, &c. gjd., l/i £ 2 9 & 4/ I 1 j a a a t a INFORMATIONMOSTUBE- FUL TO ALL CONCERNED is contained in the ELLIMAN R.E.P. BOOK (Rubbing Eases Pain Hand- book, 256 pages, illustrated, cloth board covers), which book affords much practical information commonly re- quired to be known, such as the rational treatment of Pneumonia, Pleurisy, all kinds of Ailments arising from "Taking Cold," Wounds, Varicose Veins, dislocations. Fractures, Cuts, Burns, Fevers,Whoop- ing Cough, Hemorrhage, Malaria, &c. The R.E.P. BOOK also instructs re- specting the Management of the Sick Hoom, Nursing, &c.; also How to Make Beef Tea, How to Peptonise Beef Tea, How to Peptonise Milk, How to Make Barley "Water, How to Make Whey, How to Make Humanised Milk, How to Make Raw Meat Juice, How to Make Cream Mixture for Children, How to Make Albumen Water, and it gives other useful First Aid Informa- tion, also of the Hygiene of the Athlete. IF YOU BUY 3 bottles of Elliman's Universal Embrocation, price 1/li, or one 2/9 or 4/ you can obtain FREE and post free The R.E.P. Book, or you may have a copy of it post free to all parts of the world for One Shilling (foreign stamps accepted), direct from ELLIMAN, SoNS & Co., SLOUOH, ENOLASD. jjl REP Book, HUMAN Treatment. E.F. A. Book, ANIMALS Treatment. B IF YOU ARE FURNISHING, YOU WILL REQUIRE \;<.c! PICTURES! JL JtL JBLJ You can see a Large Selection from ONE SHILLIITG- UPWARDS, AT J. ¥. RICHARDS', Picture Frame Maker and Artists' Colourman, MARKET BUILDINGS, BRIDGEND. T. J. YOR WERTH, Saddler and Harness M&ker, HIGH STREET, COWBRIDGE Whips, Bits, Spurs, Brushes, Sponges, and all Stable Requisites. Riding Saddles from 40s. Special Attention given to Country Work. Reasonable Charges and Good Workmanship. LEATHER GOODS A Splendid Assortment of Cow Hide Kit Bags, ZD Leather Portmanteaus, Trunks, Dress Baskets, Levins 00 ) a A Large Assortment of Carriage Lamps and Candles always in Stock. CRICKET, LAWN TENNIS AND FOOTBALL GOODS- 5115 Telegrams-Yorwerth, Cowbridge. P.O. Telephone No. 7. THE BRIDGEND GAS & WATER Co. Invite enquiries: for all the Latest and most Up-to-Date Appliances for Lighting, Cooking, and Heating by Gas. Gas Cookers on Hire from Is. 6d. per Quarter. Gas Fires „ I s. Od. „ (A LIBERAL DISCOUNT IF PURCHASED). Boiling Burners, Grillers, Coffee Roasters, Washing: Machines, Clothes Dryers, &c., &c. a Incandescent Burners and Fittings (Ordinary and Inverted), and The Block Light. Podmore, Humphrey, and other Lamps for Indoor and Outside Shop Lighting. Agents for Keith's High Pressure System of Lighting, As installed by the Company at the New Market Buildings.
U-1 3d. In stamps ta (Boyer) I The famous French Tonic ana Cordial. B S Tht" only really safe remedy for the Nerves. ■ SS Tiri-i.-s instantaneous relief in Indigestion and ■ S Nrer> ous Exhaustion, Wi-d and Palpitations. B Women find thru in recurrent Indispositions H it produces the happiest results. Thousands Eg of tired men and women endorse its remark- g| able efficacy. jfi Of all -Stores & Licensed Grocers, in 1/- phials. jB e Consignees: 46 Holbom Viaduct, London Local Agents:—D. Williams and Son, Wyndham-street, Bridgend.