BRIDGEND AND COWBRIDGE BOARD OF GUARDIANS. a SWEEPING RECOMMENDATIONS BY DR*. RANDALL. CONVERTING THE WORKHOUSE INTO A PARADISE. STRAIGHT TALK ABOUT OUT-DOOR RELIEF. "AMOUNTS TO CHRONIC STARVATION." At the weekly meeting of this Board on Saturday, the Rev F. W. Edmondes, M.A., presided, and there were present—Mr Edmund D. Lewis (vice-chairman), Col. Turbervill, Revs Eynon Lewis, S. Jackson, J. R. Humphreys, and W. W. Richards Mrs Randall and Mrs Parry Messrs T. L. Roberts, J. I. D. Nicholl,-H. O. Irvine, Edward Lewis, John Davies, Griffith Edwards, T. Jones (Maesteg), J. Jones, W. Jones, J. H. Thomas, D. P. Thomas, Evan Matthews, W. Hopkins, W. Howells (Wick), Lemuel Griffiths, D. H. Price, W. G. Loveluck, R. Williams, Evan Williams, T. C. Jones, W. Pennant, J. David, Edward David, John Thomas, Richard Thomas, William Griffiths, J. Rees, W. B. Loveluck, J. G. Loveluck, T. Richards, Morgan John, J. C. Thomas, W. Howell (Pencoed), Daniel Samuel, E. Morgan, Howel Williams, Hopkin Williams. STATISTICAL. The Clerk reported the number of paupers in receipt of out-door relief to be 758 as against 841 dnring the corresponding week of last year and the expenditurefS5 7s 6J as against J6S2 4s Id. THE UNREPRESENTED PARISHES. A letter was read from Mr Mansel Franklen, Clerk to the County Council, stating that the Local Government Committee ordered that ejections in the parishes where the nominations had been declared invalid on the occasion of the recent election should be held on the second Monday in February, the procedure of the Local Government Board order as to the election of District Councillors to be followed as near as possible. The Chairman observed that the order included the whole of the parishes for which at present I there were no representatives and that was very satisfactory. The Clerk read a further communication from Mr Franklen stating that the committee had decided to grant the application of the Guardians that they should retire simultaneously every third year; and an order to this effect would in due coarse be made- This (the letter added) would settle the question as to District Coun- cillors, who would all retire at the same time. Mr J. H. Thomas asked if the order of the committee was final, or was it to be submitted to the County Council for ratification? The Clerk replied that it was final. POOR-LAW CONFERENCE. The Board was asked to send three representa- tives to the annual Poor Law Conference to be held in London, Colonel Turbervill and Mr J. Barrow having been nominated. The Vice-chairman (Mr Lewis) said it would be very fitting in face of the new movement if a Lady Guardian would go, provided Mrs Randall or Mrs Dr Parry would like to. Mr T. L. Roberts thereupon moved that the :two ladies mentioned be requested to attend the con- ference. The Chairman, however, pointed out that only three representatives were wanted, and two gentle- men had already been elected (laughter). A member then moved that Mrs Randall be the lady representative. Mrs Randall: I am very much obliged to yon, but I would rather not. The same member then proposed Mrs Parry. Mrs Parry I would rather not, thank you. The Chairman I am sorry to say that both ladies decline (laughter). It was decided to remit the 10s subticription asked for. ELECTION PETITIONS. An order was read from the Local Government Board with reference to security of costs in cases of election petitions," the effect of it being that the petitioner shall lodge £ 50. BOARD ROOK ACCOMMODATION. Mr J. H. Thomas, in accordance with notice of motion, proposed that a committee be appointed to take into consideration the question of providing a proper accommodation for the guardians at their meetings. The attendance that day again, he said, proved the necessity of better accommodotion and if better room was provided it would be an en- couragement to members to stop longer than they did at present. He thought the utilising of the adjoining rooms instead of the present one would be a good plan. To compose the committee he nomi- nated the chairman, vice-chairman, Col. Turbervill, Messrs J. 1. D. Nicholl, W. Howells (Wick), Edward Lewis, T. Jones, and W. Pennant. Mr T. C. Jones seconded the motion, which was carried, Mr J. H. Thomas' name being added on the motion of Mr W. Pennant. SWEEPING REPORT FROX THE MEDICAL OFFICER. The medical officer (Dr Randall), who was not present himself, submitted the following report:- I beg to bring forward for your consideration a few recommendations, structural and administrative, which I feel are desirable to add to the comfort and well-being of the poor suffering and infirm inmates of this workhouse and also a suggestion as to the mode of dealing with out-door recipients of relief. s SJructurut-The provision of a day room for each ward, where the convalescents and old people might sit when able to leave their beds; and, in the case of the men, to be enabled to smoke with- out interfering with the comfort of those who are too ill to rise from bed, and who may be suffering from some chest affection to whom the smoke may prove irritating, or even tend to retard recovery. This, I think, might be accomplished by adding an upper floor to the back wards, then by using the ground floor for the day room. In this way additional sick ward accommodation would be obtained, so that one of the existing front wards on the male and female side might be utilised as a day room. These wards might be occupied by the more helpless and infirm inmates, to whom going up and down stairs might be a difficulty. (2) A detached or semi-detached lying-in ward should be provided, so that sounds issuing from it could not be heard in the men's yard, as at present is the case. Also there should be provision for thorough ventilation. This could be obtained by adding an upper floor to the back wards on the female side. Then the ground floor could be used as a convalescent ward. Separate sanitary accomo- dation should be provided, and hot and cold water laid on to these wards. (3) Two detached wards for contagious cases should be built, each con- taining a separate ward for contagious skin diseases and one for lock cases. These should have separate sanitary offices and bath. (4) Im- proved flushing apparatus in the w.c's and re- construction of the portions of the drainage that has not hitherto been effected. (5) Gas should be laid on to all parts of the house. Cases have occurred of old persons leaving their rooms at night and being unable to find their way; also occasionally falls have taken place in consequence of the prevailing darkness. (6) The pleasant room on the first noo- should be found as a nursery for the children, furnUhed with a couch, some small ehairs, and rugs or matting on the floor, with a a responsible paid attendant. (7) There should be also a separate ward for the imbeciles and persons of unsound mind, with a paid skilled attendant. Administrative, (a) Nursing.-The nursing staff of the workhouse, is insufficient, and I beg to suggest that it be increased by the appointment of an extra nurse, who shall be a qualified midwife, and who would be able to give the skilled and kindly ministrations so necessary to the sufferer before, during, and after the attendance of the Medical Officer. (b) By agreement between the two nurses, one might per- form the duties of night nurse during alternate months. At the present time tLis work is entrusted to the inmates-a most unsatisfactory arrangement, as they are incapable of discharging efficiently such duties, (c) A door porter would be a useful appointment. He would also act as messenger. This would save the old or delicate from being ex- posed to the risk of taking cold in wet and inclement weather, as is sometimes now the case. He would also be extremely valuable in dealing with the occasional cases of delirium tremenn and every delirium which have to be treated in the house from time to time. (d) With regard to the wards that they should be rendered more cheerful by, that couches should be supplied for use by day and dressing gowns and slippers for use by night, as occasion might require, (e) That the diet be somewhat im- proved at any rate to the extent of giving those over 60 years of age, half-pint of milk for breakfast, and the same for tea, or supper and that the rice dinner for all inmates, should be changed to an additional meat dinner. For variety in diet once a week, cake might take the place of bread and butter, or jam or marmalade might take the place of butter for the old people and children. This could be done with little or no increase of cost. Miscellaneous.—Seats should be provided in each garden for the use of the inmates on fine days. The distinguishing drtss for all inmates of 60 years and upwards should be abolished. Separate rooms should be furnished for aged married couples. A supply of newspapers and illustrated periodicals should be provided for each ward. Dominoes and draughts should be supplied, and tobacco or inuff given regularly to those who desire it. I consider that the day clothing of the old men and children is not sufficient, particularly during the cold months, and in this matter I hope to have the special support of the lady guardians, who are eminently fitted to give a reliable opinion, and I trust also to have that support in my other suggestions. I have thought the blankets on the bed insufficient, but as Mr Messenger has informed me that three doubled blankets could -be supplied to those who wish, I think that would be ample for ordinary requirements. With reeard to out- door relief, I hold the opinion that out-door relief. It decided upon, should be given with a liberal hand, and in only a few cases be less than 5s per week per head. At present the relief given some- times amoutits to chronic starvation. The cases in which less than this should be given would be those whom it is found have made no attempt at provision for self-maintenance during sickness or other causes, but in these cases it would be more advisable to relieve in the workhouse. The Chairman moved, anti M r Pennant seconded, that the report be referred to the House Com- mittee. Mr Edmund Lewis remarked that he was sur- prised that Dr Randall did not propose that every pauper in the country should have a pension (hear, hear, and laughter). Mr Nicholl So am I. It was decided to ask Dr Randall to attend the committee meeting, which it was decided to hold on the following Saturday.
CHURCH DEFENCE AT KENFIG HILL. [ B Y "TRUTH."] In the course of a Ièetore which the Rev Z. P. Williamson (vicar of Margam) delivered at Kenfig Bill on the 14th inst., in defence of the Church by law and German troops established, he said That it is a mistake to suppose (as a good many do) that the Anglican Church as at present constituted was founded by Henry VIII., as it is the old British Church which he and others believe was founded by St. Paul." He did not mention how he found all this out; he contented himself merely with stating as above He must, however, have had either a high opinion of the patience of his audience, or a very low one of their intelligence or education to speak as he does of that which ia merely the creation of an Act of Parliament through all its moods and tenses, which has no belief but that permitted by Government and which is not ashamed in the face of Christendom to chaunt this one article of its creed, I believe in the Royal supremacy." Dr Lingard ninety years ago wrote to I-Durbam clergyman these words 44 I suspect that your infallibility resides in the High Court of Parliament, and I support this opinion by no text of Scripture, but by that which no orthodox clergyman dares reject- namely, the authority of an Act of Parliament. Nothing shall henceforth be accounted heresy but that which finally shall be so adjudged in the time to come by the Court of Parliament. That in theory the faith which you profess is founded on Scripture may or may not be true; that in practice it is founded on the authority of Parliament will not be denied. Acts of Parliament alone can make articles of faith, and Acts of Parliament alone can declare any doctrine heretical. Whether or not the Kingdom of Christ be of this world, it is evident that the Church of England is is there any tribunal in tne world that can add to or take from the Thirty-nine Articles? And if Parliament were to strike out a certain number of these Articles, or to declare a certain number of additional ones, would not every orthodox clergyman, whether that reduction or augmentation were or were not according to Scripture, be compelled to subscribe to the altered copy ? I appeal then to every man of common sense, whether it be not true to say that Acts of Parliament alone can make articles of faith, and that in practice the faith of the Established Church is founded on the authority of Parliament." This scorching criticism was written, as I have said, ninety years ago. Have not we the record of abundant facts of a date nearer to our own generation which prove it to be most crushingly true ? Such, for instance, as the Divorce Bill, the Public Worship Bill, the Gorham case ? What has it all been but Parliamentary work from first to last ? Yet, says Mr Williamson, with a stupendous gravity which might impress the illiterate, that it was really believed in by the speaker himself, the Church of England is the heritage which we have received in an unbroken line from the Apostles." But something more potent than any rhetoric which Mr Williamson is master of will be required to convince the people of Kenfig Hill that the Anglican Church is not an affair entirely of this world, because they are too intelligent not to know that in idea, in origin, and all through its history it is utterly human, and something else not higher but decidedly lower. [Whilst always ready to open our columns to fair discussion and criticism, we do not in any way bind ourselves as endorsing the opinions of our correspondents.-ED. ]
4- TYNEWYDD. DON'T FORGET that W. C. Edward great Bridgend. n0W 0n" °PP°8ifce Town-hall
PEIiJUHY AT BRIDGEND. A LABOURER'S CLAIM FOR WAGES. At the Bridgend Police-court on Saturday-before Messrs R. W. Llewellyn (chairman), R. K. Prichard, W. S. Powell, R. L. Knight, W. Howell, and J. Grace-John James, a labourer, of Colwin- stone, sued Samuel Eady, bailiff for Mr John Evans, Star Hotel, Bridgend, in respect of wages alleged to be due for work done.-Mr T. J. Hughes was for the defence. John James said he claimed wages for trimming hedges, raking stuff, and digging mangolds. He agreed with defendant for fourpence per chain for trimming and threshing. After he had finished that he went and asked defendant to come and measure up, but he said he would noc do so theu, as he wanted witness to do some work on Tynewydd Farm, and when that was done he would come and measure up for the lot. The agreed price for this was that the hedges down one side was to be two- a chain, and he was to have j61 for clipping a piece of mangolds on Tynewydd Farm. After he had finished the work the bailiff (defendant) was drawing him back and fore asking him to meet him at certain times and places, and then not coming, and when they did meet no measuring was done, but he was sent off to water the horses, mix barley meal, and do all sorts of odd jobs gbout the place. When at last they did measure up, it came to 3o4 chains at fourpence, and 124 chains at two- pence. Then there were two days pitching barley, at 48 a day, and he had to find his own victuals. Cross-examined: Witness said he had not got a book to show the particulars he had given of the measurements. There was no need of any particu- lars, as the measurements were right. Mr Hughes How do you know it is 354 chains ? Witness: I know well enough. I have measured 700 acres for Mr Wilson of Newton Nottage, and he trusts me. I am not going to be led off the track. You are an 44 old soldier," and I want to know how you get at these 354 chains. Did you measure it yourself ? Yes ? When ?—Before that. When r-You can go with me, and I will measure again if you like. I want to know when you measured. You won't do your case any good by being impudeut-Just as well to have a clown talking. The Chairman: When did you measure it f Answer the question.—I measured it before the bailiff did, and it was right. Mr Hughes: How long before ?-Witness: About six weeks last Monday. Have you sent in any account claiming 568 yards at fourpence e-Notbing of the sort. ilave you ever claimed 448 yards at twopence ?— No. nothing of the sort. Look at that [handing witness an account] do you know anything about it ?-No, I never gave it to anybody. The Chairman Did you ever see it before ?-No, sir. » Mr Hughes then handed the account up to the Bench, and asked their worships to compare the handwriting on the summons with that of the account. Continuing his cross-examination, Mr Hughes said. Do you seriously ask the Magistrates to believe on your oath that you did not send in that bill r-Nothiqg of the sort, I have never sent in another bill I will, swear it. Who made out the bill you sent to Mr Stockwood ? -Mr Hard wick Price. Did Mr Price ever make out another bill for yon at your request .'—Never in my life. Do you seriously say that you never asked Mr Price to make out a previous bill for yon ?—Nothing cf the sort. Mr Hughes then asked that Mr Price should be sent for, as it was a serious thing. Either the claim had been concocted by the defendant for the purposes of the case, or the witness was committing perjury. The request was complied with, and Police-constable McLeod was sent to fetch Mr Price. Resuming his cross-examination Mr Hughes said Have you got a book like this (producing an ordinary account book) ?—Witness No. Do you swear that Mr Eady did not give you a copy of all his measurements ?-I will swear he did not give me a copy of anything of the sort. Did he measure the work with you a fortnight yesterday F-Ye8. Did either of you write down in a book what the measurements were ?-He put it down, I could not do so. I am no scholar. Did he put it down in a book like this ? (produced) —Yes. Did he also put it down in another book of the same sort for you,, and were you handed the book P— Yes, but he put down the wrong figures twopence instead of fourpencc. Did you have the book ?-No. What do you mean by saying just now that you had them ? How did you know that the figures were put down wrongly, if you did not have a book ? Will you pledge your oath that at the present time you have not got a book like this ?-No answer. Were all the particulars of the measurements in it ?—Yes, and I trusted him. What did you do with the book ?-It is at home. Why did you say just now on your oath that you did not have a book given you ?-I had a bouic of prices. I was trusting him to put them down, as I was no scholar. When you measured with him, did you make the slightest complaint as to the correctness of the figures ?-No, he promised to be in the Star that night at eight o'clock, and I waited till 10, and he did not come then. Mr Hughes then put the dates of the several pay- ments to the witness, who said he had 15 10s in all. Mr Hardwicke Price having now arrived, went into the box, and was sworn. The two accounts were handed to him, and he said both were in his hand-writing, and had been written by him at the dictation of James, the last witness. The Chairman Did he make any complaint to you about not having been paid up ?—Yes, he said he could not get his money, but he said ao more. Did he state any sump-No, he told me what money he had received at different time3 on account. Mr Hughes What did he tell you ?-He seemed to be quite mixed about it. Did he show you any paper or book when he asked you to prepare the second bill, or did he give you the particulars from memory ?-I think there is another book with the different quantities in it, but it is in another hand-writing. Mr Hughes addressing the Bench said There is absolutely direct perjury on a material issue on the part of the plaintiff, and you cannot rely on his evidence in any way. After a brief consultation the Chairman said the case would be dismissed. Mr Hughes' application for costs was not granted.
ACHES AND SPRAINS!-Wh7n a Peer out in the Mountains of Chinese Tartarv i?ive» P coolie soine Kllimans' Embrocation to rub in f sprain and the coo he drinks it by mistake, and ex cidiins, It is good, you have evidence that Elli- man s Embrocation is harmless. Proof To one of the Panamik coolies, who had sprained his knee I gave some Elliman's Embrocation, in one of one tin tea cups, and thought I had made him under stand he was to rub it in, but to my horro: and 1--1' T .11 ueiore i couia stop him, he swallowed the lotion and in a very short space of time was sprawling on his stomach, choking and spluttering; but as soon as he recovered his breath, he got up and salaamed saying it was very good. So, as he seemed quite pleased and none the worse, I did not enlighten him as to his ni is take. "-P-ge 4. Quoted from The Pamirs, I)y the Earl of Ddnmore, F.R.G.S., 1893. Ellinian's lunivereat Embrocation for Rheumatism* lumbago, Sprains, Bruises, Cuts, Sore throat from Cold, Chest Colds. btittness, Cramp, Bronchitis &c is an excellent good thing, la. l±d and 2s. 9d! EnglaucL y iilhmau' Son8> aad Uo-. Slough,
PARK SLIILIEF COMMITTEE ANNUAL .'ING AT BRIDGEND. THE EF TRUST FUND. AN IMPttNT DISCUSSION. The annual ng of the above Committee was held attheHotel, Bridgend, on Monday. Present:—Colc'urbervill (chairman), Revs. David Davies an Williams (Cefn), Messrs J. Boyd Harvey,ard Knox, H. J. Saunders, G. L. Camberganising Secretary Miners' Provident Sot T. J. Hughes, E. Thomas (" Cochfarf,") H, Hitchings, R. Robinson, Isaac Evans ,ers' Agent, Skewen), John Thomas (Garners' Agent), David Morgan, Evan Owen, i Bowen, W. J. Richards, R. HumphrysBeynon, Louis Tylor, Dr. T. W. Parry, Jaaddan, Herbert M. Thompson, G. W. YVilkinEvan Owen, W. D. Leyshont and L. G. Jonc.) BOX OF CHAIRMAN. The first bus on the agenda was the election of Chairman. Mr Edwardx, in proposing the re election of Colonel Tuill as Chairman for the ensuing year, said thay all recognised that he had done a great of valuable work for the fund (hear, hear), had devoted a great deal of time to it; ancould be very ungenerous and ungracious on part if they were not to thank him as much av possibly could and the best way they couldk him was to ask him to keep to the chair (he&ar). Rev David D seconded the motion which was carried unansly. Col. Turbervi.id he thanked them most sincerely for theour they had done him in re- electing him Cnan. He felt it the more deeply as they all be aware that the post during the past had required a great deal of careful attention every single member of the committee was marnest in the desire that the funds at their did should be used to the best possible purposear, hear). No doubt a very considerable diffee of opinion existed as to the manner in which7 should be used, and he was most anxious to perfectly impartial in the matter as a Chaii, whatever his own private opinion might bdvery man who thought at all must have an opi one way or the other. He would endeavou be perfectly impartial in every matter thame before them. I-CHAIRMAN. Rev Dan Willi-proposed the election as vice- chairman of Mr 1 Harvey, who, he said, had rendered great Sie as a member of the Com- mittee. Mr Hitchings tided. Mr E. ThomafOochfarf ") said he had as much a desire as anyb. to give credit to whom credit was due and lag known the Rev David Davies —the present viciairinan-as a most enthusiastic worker in every 1 cause, he saw no reason why he should not re-elected vice-chairman. He proposed his re-cion. Mr John Thonseconded. Mr Knox, in (porting the re-election of Mr Davies, said Mavies had given a great doal of time to the busis of the fund, and it would be ungracious not b-elect him. Mr Saunders iarked that Mr Davies had helped them from the v initiation of the fund. On a show of ids, seven voted for Mr Harvey, and nine for Mnvies. Rev David Des in returning thanks, said they had such an aluous chairman, that the vice- chairman's dutivere merely those of an honorary member. AUDITOB. On the moti(of Mr Isaac Evans, Mr Jenkyn Howell was re-tted auditor. THE FUND. The next ande last item on the agenda read as follows Wiregard to the resolution passed at the meeting h on 11th July, 1894, that the JE3000 surpluslould be paid to the Miners Provident Funeounsel advises that as this resolu- tion places cert restrictions on this appointment, a fresh trust slid be created for the purpose of securing these iditions. A resolution will there. fure be proposen lieu of the former resolution for the purpose ocreating such trust, and for the payment of theJOOO to the trust so created." The Secretareceived letters from Sir John T. D. Llewellyn, Midward P. Martin, Mr T. Foster Brown, and James Williams (Newport), ex- pressing inabil to be present, and their approval of the above ptosal. The Secreta then presented the statement of accounts to e end of December last, which showed the tnber of persons on the fund on December 318;0 be 202. On the mom of Mr Knox, seconded by Mr Harvey, the aouuts were passed and adopted. The imports item above mentioned was then discussed. Knox said he wished to submit that the resolion was not in order, as its actual wording hadnot been placed on the agenda. (Hear, hear). A paper was presented to them under the woi business, which was not signed by anybody, andhey knew nothing whatever about it. It was th usual rule at all the meetings of public bodies) put the actual words of a resolu- tion to be prosed on the agenda paper. Mr Tyler sd Mr Knox had raised a most im- portant point He (Mr Tyler) consulted counsel with regard the resolution passed at the last meeting. Mr Hughes I rise to point of order. Mr Knox having appeal to you, Mr Chairman, on a point of order, is iti order for any other gentleman to address you t it. The Chairtrn ruled in favour of Mr Tyler. Mr Tyler, turning, said his opinion coincided with Mr Kno. The resolution passed at the last meetinevoted the money to a permanent fund. COURJI stated that there would be great difficulties injarrying it out, and that unless the resolution w specifically worded, when put before the meting, it would be almost impossible to make the leed conveying the wishes of the meeting. The Chairiqn I think what Mr Knox has stated is cornet, and therefore we shall have to hold this busiess over until the exact wording of the resolution's been put in. It is not necessary to wait till tiq next statutory meeting, as the secretary has paver to convene a special meeting.' Mr E. Thoraa) After that ruling I submit it upsets the resolition passed at the last meeting as to the investmelt of the money. The Chairmai. We are not going back to any- thing done at tIe last meeting. Mr Thomas With all due deference, sir- The Chairmal You are out of order. Mr Thomas I know something about otder. Mr T. J. Hugies asked on whose behalf Counsel's opinion had bean taken, and by whose instruc- tions. The Chairmnti Not by the Executive. Mr Hughes: Then on whose behalf V The Chairman By Mr Lewis Tyler. Mr Hughes Who pays the account ? Mr Tyler Miners' Provident. Mr Hughes Then how is it the opinion was taken on behalf of this fund, and that opinion has been conveyed to us officially to-day ? The Chairman The reason for that was that Counsel was of opinion that the previous resolu- tion would not be valid. Mr Hughes: That's not my point. How has the opinion been conveyed to the Secretary ? The Chairman It was given to me by Mr Tyler, and I put it on the agenda. That was the only way we could have a clear and full under- standing on the matter, and I thought it would give us a full opportunity of discussing the matter after every point was known. Mr Hughes Was the opinion taken under your instructions, Mr Chairman ? Mr Tyler: I was instructed. Mr Hughes There's nothing in the minutes. Mr Tyler: I told the meeting I would take Counsel's opinion. Mr Isaac Evane The blame is relieved from the Chairman's shoulders then. The Chairman jocosely remarked that he did not admit the\e was any blame in the matter (hear, hear, and laughter). He could briefly ex- plain the matter. At the last meeting, after Mr Hughes had left, this resolution that a trust deed be drawn up was carried. Not being legal gentle- men, Mr Tyler said he would, on behalf of the Miners' Provident Fund, consult Counsel as to the form of deed to be drawn up. Mr Morgan Then Mr Tyler did not take the opinion on behalf of this executive. Mr Hughes then moved that the following resolution which appeared on the minutes of the last meeting, be expunged. It ran as follows: I That the ascertained surplus of JE3000 in this fund be paid to the Miners' Permanent Provident Society to assist in meeting the heavy strain upon its resources, provided that the interests of the beneficiaries upon this fund are properly secured." Mr Hughes said after what had transpired there was no doubt that the resolution which had been come to was illegal. It was to him a matter of surprise that the desirability of obtaining counsel's opinion should have come, not from the givers of the money, but from the recipients. The Chairman thought Mr Hughes was not in order in moving the expunction of the resolution without previously giving notice. Mr Hughes, however, explained that there was a difference between the 44 expunction" and the rescision of a resolution. The Chairman, after Mr Hughes' explanation, agreed that it was in order. Mr Hughes, continuing, expressed a hope that the executive in passing resolutions in future, would be a little more cautious. Resolutions were ultra vires if not utterly illegal, and had a motion upon it that he should have applied for an injunction in the Chancery Division. Mr Isaac Evans seconded, remarking that no member knew that the resolution was to be brought forward, and therefore some of them did not attend. Mr Knox said he cordially supported what Mr Hughes had said. He was not present at the last meeting. The insertion on the agenda was and other business," and that was very dangerous. The members only met once every half year, and any business that was to come before them ought to be carefully considered at least a week before hand (hear, hear). He protested against such an agenda paper-if it could be called that. Thef statement appeared as if it were a report of a committee, and a committee, he took it, would be the only persons who would be allowed to make an ex-parte statement of any kind upon the agenda. The Chairman What do you object to upon the agenda paper ? Mr Knox To any statement except from a committee, and we should have a resolution defined. Mr Saunders and Mr Morgan supported Mr Hughes' motion. Mr Beynon spoke against Mr Hughes' motion. He (the speaker) was not a lawyer but he was a man of ordinary common-sense, and if the resolu- tion was not strictly legal, the spirit of it was per. fectly in accord with the feelings of the majority of the last meeting. Mr E. Thomas said he had himself taken the trouble to obtain high legal opinion on the resolu- tion, and counsel told him Idistinctly that, it was illegal. The committee should draw up standing orders. (Hear, hear). Mr Humphrys spoke against Mr Hughes' motion. Mr Hughes, replying on the discussion, said if it had been legal to take the 93,000, the Miners Provident would have taken their cheque. The Chairman did not rule that the resolution was in order, but left it to the meeting. When they made mistakes, added Mr Hughes, they should be men enough t to own them. On a show of hands Mr Hughes' motion was lost—10 voting for it and 12 against. STANDING ORDERS. Mr A. Thomas moved that a sub-committee be appointed to frame standing orders for the pur- pose of regulating the business of the Executive Committee, and that such committee be composed of the Chairman, Vice-chairman, Messrs E. Knox, J. Boyd Harvey, T. J. Hughes, Evan Owen, and Isaac Evans.—Carried unanimously. THE CHAIRMAN. A hearty vote of thanks was accorded the Chair- man on the motion of Mr Knox, seconded by Mr Hughes. Mr Knox remarked that those who spoke in favour of the expunction of the resolu- tion meant no disrespect to the Chairman (applause). The Chairman said he never dreamed that any one wished to be diecourteous to him. THE RESOLUTION. Mr Saunders asked if the resolution above discussed was now binding upon them. The Chairman It provides that further con- ditions are to be made, and until those conditions are laid down it is impossible to carry out the resolution. Mr Hughes Then how is it to be brought before us ? The Chairman I am not a prophet, Mr Hughes (laughter). I suppose it will be for any member to bring the matter forward. Mr Saunders Then we are not bound to it ? The Chairman A very excellent judge once gave his decision without giving his views. The proceedings then terminated.
NOTTAGE UNITARIAN SUNDAY SCHOOL. The annual distribution of prizes to the scholars of the above school was held at the chapel on Thursday in last week. A tea was provided for the younger scholars in the schoolroom at six o'clock, when Misses M. C. Rees, A. Lloyd, A. Matthews, and Mary Matthews presided at the trays, while Mrs Hopkins (Ty Talbot), Mrs Phillips, Miss Mary David, Mrs Gammon and Mrs Williams rendered willing service-making all pass off as merry as a marriage bell. Tea over, all adjourned to the chapel, where a capital entertainment was presided over by Rev J. Fisher Jones, who, during the evening addressed the children, and rendered two tenor solos in a very striking and artistic manner. The children also recited with accuracy and good taste, while the singing by the choir was quite up to its usual standard. At the close of the programme, the Rev W. J. Phillips spoke a few words stating what were the rules laid down by the Sunday School committeee for the granting of prizes to the scholars after which a splendid and useful lot of books were given to those who had come up to the required standard of attendance. A very pleasing feature of the evening also was a Christmas Tree, resplendent with many and various articles of use and beauty given by the friends of the Sunday scholars. All seemed delighted with the entertainment, and many returned home feeling they had spent a very profitable evening in more senses than one.
BRIDGEND AND COWBRIDGE RURAL DISTRICT COUNCIL. At the fortnightly meeting on Saturday there were present:—Messrs J. Blandy Jenkins (chair- man), Rees ThQmas (vice-chairman), Col. Turbervill, Evan Matthews, Edward Thomas, Lemuel Griffiths, J. C. Thomas, T. Richards, J. I. D. Nicholl. R. L. Knight, H. O. Irvine, Edmund Lewis, T. Butler, Benjamin Davies, Edward Morgan, T. Griffiths, C. Phillips, Daniel Samuel, W. B. Loveluck, Howel Williams, Griffith Edwards, Richard Williams, Revs H. Eynon Lewis, and W. W. Richards. JOINT SEWERAGE BOARD. The Clerk read a letter from Mr T. J. Hughes, clerk to the Bridgend Urban Council, stating that he would bring Mr Cox's letter with reference to the appointment of a Joint Sewerage Board before his Council at their next meeting. Mr Evan Matthews said in order that the Authority might proceed without delay with the scheme, he suggested that the Council elect repre- sentatives to meet representatives of the Bridgend Council whenever they would be ready. The Chairman disagreed, pointing out that the Local Government Board must be applied to before a Joint Sewerage Board was appointed. There was no need to appoint members before they knew whether the joint Board would be appointed or not.—Nothing was therefore done. STANDING ORDERS. The Cleik presented the standing orders for the conduct of the Council meetings, which had been drawn up by a special committee. One rule pro- vided that no member should be allowed to move more than one amendment to a motion. Mr Edmund Lewis took exception to this restriction urging that a man having moved one amendment which had been lost, should be at liberty to formulate another, which might be a better one. The Chairman moved, and Mr D. P. Thomas seconded, that the standing orders, as recommended, be adopted. Mr Edmund Lewis moved as an amendment that the clause to which he took exception be deleted. Rev Eynon Lewis seconded the amendment. Colonel Turbervill pointed out that the object in inserting the clause was to prevent obstruction. On a show of hands, the amendment was lost, 10 voting for it and 13 against. The standing orders were then passed and sealed. AGENDA. The Chairman proposed that an agenda paper be sent to the chairman and vice-chairman three clear days prior to Council meetings, and that a copy be affixed to the door.—Carried. LLANHARRAN WATER SCHEME. The Chairman explained that the late Authority had resolved to apply to the Local Government Board for sanction to borrow X500 for the Llan- harran Water Scheme. Under the new Act it was necessary that the present Authority should give notice of their intention to the Llanharran Parish Council, and he moved that the Clerk be instructed to write accordingly. Mr Rees Thomas Supposing the Parish Council rejects the scheme ? The Chairman Well, the Local Government Board Commissioners will hear their objections, if they have any, and decide one way or another. The Chairman's proposition was carried. INFECTIOUS DISEASES. Dr. Randall, who expressed regret at being unble to attend the meeting through illness—sent a letter enclosing the only notification under the Infectious Diseases Act that he had received during the past fortnight. This was at Aberkenfig. MEDICAL REPORTS. A letter was read from Mr Mansel Franklen, Clerk to the County Council, advising the Council to have the reports of the Medical Officer printed. 44 What's the object asked a member. "Is it because our Medical Officer write badly?" (laughter) Mr Edmund Lewis thought they might leave the matter alone, as doctors would have typewriters soon (renewed laughter). SWINE FEVER. A letter was read from the Clerk of the County Council, asking the Council to instruct their Inspector of Nuisances in view of the prevalence of swine fever in the Couaty, to inspect the pigstyes, and see that the animals were not kept so as to conduce to disease. Mr Griffith Edwards said he had seen pigs kept in pigstyes unfit for them, and he moved that the Inspector be instructed according to the letter. Mr Nicholl asked how far pigstyes should be from human dwellings. Mr Edmund Lewis The question is whether these pigstyes are sanitary for the pigs-not for men (laughter). Mr Leyshon (Surveyor) said 15 out of every 20 pigstyes would be knocked off" it the inspection were made (laughter). Mr Edmund Lewis said if the Inspector inspected every pigstye it would double his work. If they did that, why not iespect every cowshed and every stable as well ? They should not make their Inspector an Inspector of pigs as well as of nuisances (laughter). He moved that the Inspector inspect and report only in the event of his attention being called to any pigstyes. Mr Griffiths seconded the amendment, which was carried. NEWCASTLE HIGHER PARISH COUNCIL RECOMMENDATIONS, A report was read from the Newcastle Higher Parish Council recommending to the DistrietCouncil (1) the necessity of providing a proper system of drainage for Aberkenfig and Tondu (2) to pro- vide as soon as possible 17 lamps for the district; (3) and in view of the unsatisfactory state of the water supply of Park-terrace, the Council press the District Council to take steps to acquire the spring of water near Cwmystra, and to carry the same for the supply of Park-terrace and to take the matter in hand at once for fear of an impend- ing dry season. The Chairman remarked re the drainage sugges- tion, that that would be dealt with by the Sewerage Board. It seemed to him if the new Act was to be carried out in its entirety, there should be parochial committees who should carry out the sort of work included in the report; and that parochial committee should either be the Parish Council or the Parish Council strengthened by members from the District Council. Mr D, P. Thomas said the Parish Council was supposed to act as the parochial committee till April next. „ „ The Chairman: The Parish Council is the Porochial Committee. Mr Evan Matthews moved that the report be adopted. There were, he said, in Park-terrace 57 houses, and the supply of water the inhabitants had now was hardly fit for cattle. On the occasion of heavy rains its colour was like pea-soup, and in the dry weather there was no water at all, the people having to go a great distance for it. As to the drainage, they could say they were proceeding as fast as we can, and were now waiting for the Bridgend Board. The Bridgend Board had been a great drag on the wheel of the Council, and the work in consequence bad not gone forward. Mr D. P. Thomas seconded, and the Rev W. W. Richards supported.-Carried. i Mr Matthews then moved that the clerk apply for prices for posts and lamps, and that the assistant- inspector see to the work being carried out. Mr Richard Williams did not see why they should spend their time there over this business. The Parish Council should do it. He made a motion to that effect. Mr Griffith Edwards seconded. In the way they were going on it seemed that the Parish Council was nothing. After a desultory discussion, it was resolved that the matter be referred back to the Parish Council to do what they chose. ONE GUINEA. It was decided to pay one guinea subscription to the District Councils' Association.
THE MOTHER'S UNION" SOCIETY. MAESTEG CHURCH. On Friday, the 10th instant, the third quarterly meeting of the above union, in connection with Maesteg Church, was helr1 in the Mission-room ab Maesteg. The union b 48.oon established here by the active efforts of < 6e Rev C. S. Hill, B.A. (Oxon), the curate in cba"ge of the English Church at Maesteg, and it has been of great service and encouragement to mothers in poor circumstances who have joined the society, for at their weekly meetings in the afternoon they have sewing and knitting classes, as well as a little rest from the toils of daily life. Encouraging addresses are delivered, and prayers for help to bear the numerous trials of mothers especially have given the members much consolation and renewed energy. The union is doing a truly good work at Maesteg, and we are glad to see that it is not con- fined to Church people only, but can be joined by others. At the meeting on Friday about sixty mothers had assembled, including a good number of the ladies of the congregation who are assisting Mr Hill in the work. Special interest was attached to the gathering on Friday, as Mrs Fletcher, of Saltoun (daughter of the late C. R. M. Talbot Esq., and sister of Miss Talbot, of Margam) had promised to attend and deliver an address. Mrs Fletcher very kindly provided a tea a three o'clock in the afternoon, and at four o'clock she proceeded to address the members. Mrs Fletcher is a free and unhesitating speaker, never at a loss for words-and words of the best selection. This easy flow of gentle language, coupled with a refined presence and a most benevolent counte- nance, has a very attractive effect upon an audience, and we hope we shall have the very great pleasure of seeing Mrs Fletcher at Maesteg again in the near future. In opening her address, Mrs Fletcher congratu- lated those present on the Mother's Union, and said she thought it a most valuable society. There were in most places clubs for men and societies for boys and girls, and if it was true that44 the hand that rocks the cradle rules the world" it was high time for mothers also to bestir themselves and have meetings where their special needs and difficulties could be discussed. She herself had been much helped by such meetings, and she believed others would be also. There was a branch of the Mother's Union at her home in Scotland. Mrs Fletcher then spoke of the rule on the Mother's Union card-" Try, by God's help, to make your children obedient and gentle." This was no easy matter. It was most important to begin when the children were young-it was impossible to begin too young. She had not thought this when a young mother, and it had made her task harder afterwards when the children's wills and tempers had grown strong. She did not believe much in punishment, except for very great faults-such as telling a lie that must always be punished. What was necessary was firmness with gentleness, and reasoning with the child. The child would soon learn in that way. As to gentleness, they must be particular in little things, but most depended upon what the mothers were themselves. If the children saw roughness, or heard angry words, they would be sure to be rough themselves. Great patience was needed with children, and she was sure that this must be specially hard for those who lived in small houses with large families. No one could be firm, gentle and patient by themselves, but they must seek for God's help in prayer, both at home and in church, and especially at the Holy Communion. Here also there were difficulties to be overcome. It was hard to get quietness and privacy at home. it was often hard for those with largo families to come to church. If they were really anxious to come, they would find ways to meet these difficulties. She knew some mothers who took it in turns to stay at home with the children. [Space will not permit of an extended report of the address.] A very hearty vote of thanks (on the proposal of the Rev S. Jackson, vicar) was accorded to Mrs Fletcher for her encouraging address. Mrs Fletcher was accompanied by two of the Misses Fletcher, and previous to attending the Mother's Meeting, the three ladies visited at their homes some of the poor people whom the late Miss Olive Talbot took an interest in at Maesteg. Tht Vicar and some of the laymen of the church had an interview with Mrs Fletcher for the purpose of showing the plans ot the proposed new church, and the alterations subsequently decided upon, at an enhanced cost, to make the building partially worthy of being a Memorial Church in memory of the late Miss Olive Talbot, who took so much interest, and did so much for the church and individual persons in the parish of Llangyn- wyd as well as elsewhere.
NEATH TOWN COUNCIL. IMPORTANT SALE. The Neath Town Council met in private on Saturday to discuss with representatives of the Britonferry Urban District Council the proposed purchase by the latter of the Britonferry portion of the Neath water undertaking. Saturday was the last day of the period of six months prescribed in the Act of Parliament during which purchase might be made from the Neath Corporation. The Briton- ferry representatives attended fully empowered to close negotiations. Probably the Britonferry Authority was spurred on by the increase of water rentals to the extent of 15 per cent., an advance which the ratepayers regarded as the infliction of a hardship. After some discussion the business was closed by the acceptance on behalf of the Britonferry Urban District Council of terms, the principal of which was that the Neath Corporation shall be paid the sum of £ 13,500. Neath will thus be relieved from providing Britonferry with water, as the lart- named town will have independent sources of supply.
MINERS' MEETING AT GLYNCORRWG. A crowded meeting of the Glyncorrwg work- men was held at the National School, on Tuesday evening, January 15th, for the purpose of en- quiring into certain charges made by some Blaengwynfi men, that Glyncorrwg was worked by "a screw," and was kept under prices. After carefully enquiring into these charges, the meeting passed an unanimous resolution that these charges were false and groundless. Glyncorrwg Collieries have been working on the price of Rhondda Valley, more than 25 years, long before a railway was laid to Blaengwynfi, and the price list has been revised so lately as two years ago with Cwm Clydach Colliery, which is truly carried and that standard is as high as is paid for working the No. 2 seam in any of the surrounding districts where the No. 2 searn^ is in its place. And as regards 44 the screw," Glyncorrwg men have always been manly enough to fight for their rights, and would be the last in the world to bear any 44 screw" if ever tried on them. —[The above report was unavoidably held over from last week.]
DR. NANSHN'S POI. R KXVEDITION. — Messrs. VOQbury have supplied about IV of Coco* lat, ill 8faJ..d iin*, it lieing HwtMi-y .hat the provision* :,k.;>n. shim'.d keep v' I for 1\I"I"n 3 <-a,« Dr. X itiiscn hus 6xf>rei:ôed a -A- i, e choice in an a.!>soliifclv purer eocoa or sucn typical excellence as Cadhury' CADBURY'S COCOA. A Cocoa posse-,sing valuable flesh-forming qualities, and imparting Strength and Staying Power."—HtuUk,