A Gazette Extraordinary, pub- lished oil the 15th June, arrived in town Saturday. It announces that Captain Mar- tihez, his officers and Crew, had given up the Spanish ship of the line, Asia, of 68 guns, to the Mexican Government, together with the Spanish brig Constanfia, and had themselves entered into the Mexican service. Boih vessels were forwarded to Acapulco, where they arrived on the litli of June.—- •Phe Spanish Government had sent out the Asia to engage in reconquering Peru and Mexico, but with its accustomed weakness and want of foresight had taken no means to secure even the pay of the crews. The Mexican Government wanted ships to clear its territory from the Spanish garrison -of St. Juan d'Ulloa, a service which the Asia and its consort will be able to perform by blockading that fort, by sea, whilst it is attacked or starved out by land. It will have a good effect upon King, Ferdinand himself, for it will prevent his sending troops to the New World, lest they should become-the defenders of that independence which they would be commissioned to destroy.
The Gsorgiana, Ford, froth Bombay, arrived off Portsmouth on Friday, and the Morley in the Downs, from Bengal. The former sailed from Bombay-on the 14th February, and the latter from Bengal the 17th of March., A file of Calcutta papers came with them.—-The Rangoon army was on its march. On the 16th of February, Sir A. Campell broke up the encampment, under a salute of 17 guns, having received the reiaforcerrlents from Madras and Ceylon. On the same day General Cotton" embarked the grea ter pro-, portion of the army. On the 19 th he "was" expected at Donabee, where he would be joined by General Campbell. They were then to direct their march upon Pv@m6.i~~i: J Captain Godwin had made an attack-on a stockade about thirty miles fro til Rangoon. Bundoola and his brother Ge- neral were reported to be at Parlori^ with 80,000 men. The rumour was not, how- ever, believed. General Morison's camp was on the banks of the Majeo river on the 1st of March, waiting for the boats under Captain Hayes to cross the river which was two miles broad at the place where the army had assembled. There had been no further actions with the Burmese.
AnniTws.tL churchks. FIFTH RKPORT OF His MAJESTrS COMMISSION ERs FOR of,, ADDITIONAL CHUUC1IES l\ POPu- t.OUS PARISHES." they have shlfie been complai nt thefoHowinff places—viz.' Ashtoii-Uiuler hyiie. in the county of Lancaster Uri-vhaui. in in? county of Devon • Chelsea, in the county of Middlesex Belper, in the parish of Duffieid, in the e-ouuly of Derby • Ornenwich, in the. counly of Itenl; Regent- street, In the parish of St. George, Hanover- square, in the county of Middlesex; Kidder- minster, in the county of Worcester; Brixton and Rennington, and in the Waterloo-road in the parish of St. Mary, Lainbeth. In the county of Surrey at Tyldesley, in the parish of Leigh and Salford, in the parish of Manchester, both in the county of at Langham-place, fend in Stafford-street, in the parish oi Marylabonne, ili the county of Middlesex atBeckford-place, and in Great Suffolk-street, in the parishof St. Mary N ewinglóh;"iu the county of Surrey Fylde-road in the parish "fef l'restOn, in the County "orijan- caster: Someft Town and Regent-square, in the parish of St. Paneras, in the county of Middlesex and in Broad-lare, in the parish of Sheffield, in the county of Yorlt, That accommodation has been provided in these churches and chapels for 13,631 persons, in pews, and for 17,287 .poor Pei! sons, in free seats, making, in the45c!hurches ana chapels now completed, a total, provision for 72,57S persons (including 44,813 free seats for the use of the poor), according to Ae scale of cal- culation taid downby the Commissioners,, but he- tually, as stated in a former report, extending to a much larger number. t. His Majesty's Commissioners iiuve lu.^nci report, that thirty churches and Chapels are now in progress at the following placesBerir.ond- sey, ia the county of Surrey; Dale End, in the parish of St. Philip, Birmingham, in the xounty of Warwick Bolton, in the county of Lancaster; Shiptey and WHsden, -in the parish of Bradford, in the county of York ChqrIey, in the county-of Lancaster Clerkenwell, in the, county of Mid- ■I v *>onvttSier; ljewsriuyy Heaton, and Hanging Heaton, in the parish of Dewsbury in the county of York Gates-head-, in [ the county of Durham Pimlico, in the parish of St. George, Hanover-square, in the county of Middlesex Norwood, in the parish of St,Mary, Lambeth, in the county of Surrey Quarry-hill, Meadow-lane, and Woodhousef in the parish of Leeds, in the county of York Leicester, in the county of Leicester; Camp Field, in the parish oT Oldham-cum-Prestwich, both in the county of Lancaster: Mile end, in the parish of Portsea, in the county of Southampton the Parks, in the parish of Preston, in the county of Lancaster; Ramsgate, in the parish of St. Lawrence, in the county of Kent; Attercliffe, and near the Infir- mary, in the parish of Sheffield. in the couniv of York Haggerstone and Hoxton, in the parish of St. Leonard Shoreditch, in the county of Mid- dlesex Stockport, in the county of Chester; Alverthorpe, in the parish of Wakefield, in the co-unty of York and at West Bromwieh, in the county of Stafford and that according to the re- turns made by the several architects, twenty of these Churches and Chapels will be completed in the course of the present year. His Majesty's Commissioners have further to report, that they are taking the necessary steps for assigning districts to the new Churches built and building in Manchester, in the county of Lancas- ter the Church built in Great Suffolk-street, in the parish of Mary Newingtou, in the county of Surrey and the chapel built in the Fylde Road, in the parish of Preston, in the county of Lan- caster and the beg leave here to state, that, duJy ¡ impressed with the importance of one great duty of the Commissioners, as set forth in the twenty- first section ofthe Act of the fi ftv-eighth of his late Majesty, chapter 45, they are especially en- gaged in active measures to ascertain where it may be expedient to divide any populous parish j into Ecclesiastical Districts, notonly for the pur- pose of affording accommodation forattending Di- I vine Worship, according to the rites and cere- monies of the United Church of England and Ireland, to persons residing therein, Sn the Chur- ches and parochial Chapels to be built or in additional Churches and Chapels to be" .built therein, but also of enahlinsr the spiritual persons ) who may serve the same to perform ail ecclesias- tical duties within such district; and for the pre- servation and improvement of the religious and moral oapits of the people residing therein. His Majesty's Commissioners for building New Churches have also agreed to advance. by way of loan, the further sum of ^?6(000. in the parish of St. Mary Lambeth, to enable them to complete the enclosures of the sites of the four churches built and building in that parish, and to defray the incidental expenses relating thereto and in consideration of the great increase of accommo- dation, especially in Free Sittings for the use of the poor, by taking down and rebuilding the parish church, they have agr. eo to the parish of Rickmansworth, in the county of Hertford, the like sitin, to be wholly repaid within & years. His Majesty's Commissioners haye further/to state, that they are in Immediate communication with the following places, in respect to the erec- tion of new churches and chapels: Brighton, in the county of Sussex Cheltenham, in the County of Gi OuCtster Childwall, in the county of Lancaster Croydon. in the county of of Sur- rey; Derby, in the county of Derby, Fulham, in the county of Middlesex; Gwennap, in tilil county of Cornwall; Holbom, Islington, and Kensington, in the county of Middlesex; Ken- wyn, in the countyof Cornwall; Lewisham, and at Margate in the parish of St John. Isle of Tnanet, in the county ofKent: Newcastle under- Lyme, in the county of Stafford Redruth, iritlie. county of Cornwall; Ripon, in the county of York; St Giles in the Fields, in the county of Middlesex Sedgley and -Stoke-upon-Trent, in the county of Stafford Scarborough, in the county of York; Tottenham, in the parish of St. Margaret, Westminister, in the county of Mid- dlesex and from the communications, there is every reason to believe that most of the undertak- ings will speedily be carried into effect. The Exchequer Bills which have been issued to this day, amount to sum of sit hundred and forty-five thousand nine hundred pounds. -ii- S. C. Cantuar. G. O. Cambridge, W. Loiidoti. Joshua Watson, C. J. Chester. IB. C,. Liverpool. -C, Manners S-ortorr. Jos. Holden Pott. Frederick John itobidion. Stowell. J. Nicholl. Bexley. Christ. Robinson. Great George-street, 2Sth June, ISia,
DESCRIPTION OF BALANCED OR SWINGING MASTS, TO BE APPMED TO SAILLING BOATS AND OTHER LIGHT VESSELS, INVENTED BY MR. RAPHAEL CLINT. The sum of Twenty Gnineas was voted to Mr. Clint for this invention. The inventor has for some years past been con- nected with nautical spience, as apursuit of plea- sure, mostly on the boisterous west coast of Soctland and he is fully aware of all the vicis- situdes to which vessels are exposed, and has a correct knowledge of their tactics. This invention, now offered to the Society of Arts, &c. was originally intended for open boats but on trial, it appeared that under the various but on trial, it appeared that under the various modifications of which its is susceptible, it may be most advantageously adopted for decked ves- sels, being particularly well adapted to the use of such of them as are employed only for fast sail- ing, without regard to the carrying ofcargoes. — Of this class are revenue cutters, mail packets, pilot boats, pleasure boats, and others and when Uie many important advantages resulting from the refuse to make allowance of the space required for the cradle, which, will be about the saine as that occupied by the engines of a steam boat.— One of the objects of this plan is to enable a vessel under a press ot sail, 'closekaulctl to preserve an upright pdsfiio'fc vspon the. wkter.— The advantages of which position are, —1. l »e vessel will sail faster by dividing the water better at the bows, and by drawing less dead water at the stern. 3. The vessel will go better to windward in that position than in the awkward state of sailing "upon 51 e' Another object is to prevent the loss of live property consequent upon the frequent ul,setting of vessels in Squalls of wind, or by "attention or fool-liardiness for a Vessel on this constnicUon is found on trial to maintain her upright position, however violent the wind. The model before the Society is thllt ora ail. ing vessel, six feet long, and only nine broad; of which the following is a brief tion. In her hold, a semicircular cradle is sus. pended on the centres between two beams, in this cradle is placed a quantity of ballas i of acargo in the cradle the mast is raisec, the sides of it are fixed all the rigging, hau W &c. the whole being decked in in other reBpecw there is no "material difteretice above de ordinary vessels. A boat on this construction is enabled to carry nearly three tiaies the 9 quantity of sail close hauled, and from ^s £ • length of shape sails with proportionn,blyi"c velocity; and however violent the piessure wind, the hull of the vessel >lways imuiti/ upright position in the water, "7. reinarks have reJe,rn Al the-application of tins principle <o *essel&-or me ordinary form but a more imp-cn-tànt advantage, as far as relates to fast sailing, results fi*"15 constr^acrioo, consisting in the dimi«5shed of the vessel. The proportion of le'igtb to breadth in the model before the Society's as seven to one, and the ordinary proportion is as three toone, by which four-sevenths less of resistance is given to the progress of this vessel through the water, giving her fourth-seveliths otacceleralcd velocity in sailing. Length, ifit cati be applied, is a-great desidera- tum it enables a vessel to go over a heavy sea with ease and speed, by making the angles of elevation and depression upon the waves less acute; it makes a vessel sail more steadily-, and holda good wind; it enables a vessel to he at an- chor and ride out a gale in greater safety, by di- minishing the strain upon the cable. To all these advantages the plan has the merit of extreme simplicity. Every stay, haul yard, brace, sheet, tackle, and sail, is in the same place as in an ordinary vessel and consequent'yt in manning a vessel on this principle for sea, the sailors would have nothing new la learn. in conclusion, it may not be impertinent to remind the Society of the various means adopted by the natives of the shores of the Pacific and Indian occearis to make their long caaces carry sail. There are the double canoe, the catnftiarin, the canoe with bamboo canes placed out upon cross ¡ poles, and the canoe with one side flat, and a man out to windward upon a spar these serve to exemplify the utility of length, but are fit only I for an amphibious people, and are practicable ollly on a small scale. —See Lord Anson'sdescription of j the Flying Proas of the Ladrone Islands. Raphael CtINT. I b the month of May last a whale-boat was fitted up by Mr. Clint according to the above plan, and several experiments were made On her in the river Thames on one occasion she sailed down toE with a full spread of canvas, and upon iicai-ly all even keel, at a time when, from the! j boisterousness of the wind; the Gravesend and other sailing boats were wtork-ingr Under reefed sails, and running nearly gunwale to. Of the no. 4r. velty of Mr. Clint's plan, and its practicability to at least a cerlain extent, there appears no doubt; and therefoie the Society have thought themselves justified in offering it to the attention of the pub- lic, without, however, pledging themsflves that in its present state it is applicablu safely ItnJuse. fully to marine navigation.
ON THE EMPLOYMENT OF THE WOOD AND BARK OF THE CHESNUt-TREE IN DYEING AND TANNING. (From AiLJLalelidt t' Industrie Nationale.) The bark of the chesnut-tree contains twite as much tanning matteras oak-nark, and nearl.y.twice as much colouring matter as log-wood. Theco- I-OLII-ing substance of chesnut-bark is to that of campeachy log-wood exactly as 1 Si>7 to 1. Leather prepared with this substance is more firm and solid, and yet more supple. This balk is the best substance for making ink mixed with iron it becomes a bluish black. The liquor drawn from this bark appears blue at the out side, like incii°o hut it gives, on paper, the finest biack. J In dyeing it has a greater affinity for wool, -than sumach has, and in other respects It differs very little from sumach and gall-nuts. The colour obtained from this substance is unchangeable by air and light.
THREE FEMALES BURNT TO DEATH A fire broke out on Friday, night, between 10 & 11 o'clock.atthehouseof Mr. Jones, a tailor 111 Cavendish street, Oxford-street. At the time they flames first appeared, there were six persons in the house, viz. Mr. Jones and his daughter* who were taking their supper in the front parlour In the first floor were Miss Morris, a dress-maker who lodged in the house; and in the same rooin was a youth named G oves, and girl named lary Ann Jones, a servant to Miss Morris. In A room at the top of tite house was Mrs Crovbs. the.wo- ther of the youth. The fire commence;! in the ¡ back I)arloui,or euititig-i-oom, and the bursting Of the flames throuall the door of that rooin (iis.t alarmed Mr. Jones, who escaped with hisuaugh- ter through the front dOor. The flames rapidly ascended the staircase, the youth Grove's ran up stairs and brought his mother down to the first floor, where she fainted and fell and he with great difficulty escaped out of the window, letting himself down by the lamp-iron. Miss Morris artel her servant girl ran to the second floor room closely pursuc-fl by the flames. Miss Morris Was seen at the window, her arms extended, crying for assistance. A gentleman climbed up the lamp iron. and got as far as the first-floor window when sortie of the crowd dragged him down by the skirts of his coat. The following instant the flames burst through the first and second floor windows, and Miss Moris was seen to fall back- wards into the fire. The flames were not subdued till the house was gutted. The body of Mrs. Groves was taken out of the first-floor back room nearly burnt to a cinder, The bodies of Miss Morris, and Mary Anne Jones were found in the course of the morning, reduced almost to ashesi It is not ascertained how the fiie originated. It is said that Mr. Jones went into the cutting-room with a candle shortly before, and that a sparkfell and communicated to some linen. The furniture was not insured, and the apparel of the lodgers I' being all destroyed, they are reduced to a state of extreme distressi
Lonucm, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 9. PRfCE OF STOCKS. S ^"Cent. Cons.-89§ f Cons, for A set. 89§ 3i Cent. 951 India Bonds, 50pr. 3 » Cent. Red. 85f | Ex. I04f. 38 p New 3i per Cents Bills NOT a word is mentioned in the Etoile French paper of Saturday of the report of the Commission appointed to ascertain the amount of the Five per Cents, converted into Threes. The Moniteur intimates that th,econversion will not exceed sixteen millions of francs. It is certain that nor. XI)t -a sichs expresses any sanguine hope that the operation will be attended with success.
THE King of France is said-to HE very melancholy he has no longer th, sa!fiø amiable manner. This change is-attribui ed to his increasing deafness, and to the embarrassments in which AV. de Vtilde finds himself involved, The following is the man nor in which lie passes his time at St. Cloud. He rises at five o'clock, and has:all the Journals read' to him-, Burthg" the reading he appears to feel very sensi- bly to the attacks made on his Ministers. He then breakfasts, receives the great offi- cers of his household, signs such ordinances as Villele may have prepared for him, goes to Mass-on his return stretches himself on a sofa, goes afterwards to-the great park of St. Cloud, lies down 011 the grass, plays with his dogs, has always a fowling piece by his side, ready to shoot sparrows or other small birds. At five O'clock visits his grandchildren, and plays with them, dines, plays at whist, goes to bed at eleven o'clock, and sleeps until the morning, when he recommences the same regular course of political and intellectual life.
THE SOCIETY For Pfomothtg Christian Knowledge; AND THE Society for the Propagation of the Gospel IN FOREIGN PARTS. 4T a MEETING of the Society for Pro- moting Christian Knowledge, held in the riONAl. SCHOOL ROOM, Bangor, the 3d day of August i, IS23. PRESENT. The Very Rev. the Dean Rev. J. H. Col ton. Secretary ReI'. J.Harnt'l', Trulsl£rer Travers Jones, hsq. C, Gilmo'¡'i!, Es'q. Rev, ll. Ktwcome, Warden of Rulhilt Mr. Williams, Friars Mr. Jones, Rector of Llanicstyft 4. Mr. Trevor. Carnarvon lvlas Getliin Williams, Rfiimlas EUh Anmyl Omen Huffh Price, Rector of tlan,tjnl;. Rev. Hugh Wynne Jones, Rector of Aberjfraw ».rWilliam Thomas Trevor John Roberts, Bwlkn Reetbi t John Williams, Rector of Llanyadwaladr [ Evan Williams, Rector of Llangef ni ] Mr. Rtnvlands, PlUsgmyn Charles Evans, Esq, Henblds Rev. H. Rowlands, Llanddeinioleh The Rev. ArchdeacCn Jones Rev. Mr. Davies, Llanyristiolus 1111'. Edwards, Llandyjrydog Mr. Jones, Ffestiniog John Huglies, Esq. Dep. Reg. Rev. Mr. Roberts, Rector oJ Llangybi Ellis I?obei,ts,,jRectoi- of Llanynys John Prichard, Diitam The accounts of last year were examined and approved. The Report wcls read by the Secretary, ap- proved of, and ordered to be printed in thtiNorth Wales Gazette.' The following new Members were admitted :— 'Rev. Evan Williams, Cumtc of Rhoscblyn. Rev. David Hughes, Curate of Llanfairfechan Signed^behalf of the Committee, J. H. COTTON.
y .aSPO'SiT ■■$f of 'riis-- B\^GOR DIOCESAN COMMITTEE, OF THE "■ Soeielýfor Promoting Christian Knowledge, ENDING AUGUST 3d, 1S25. On the summary of Books placed at the foot of 'I this:, R.ep.ort.it,wi.U be found that the sale of Bi- bles, Prayer-books and Psalters, in both, the English and Welsh Languages, has greatly ex- ceeded the sale of last year. The sale of Bibles has increased in the ratio Of one-third, and the sale of the Prayer-books and Psalters four-fold. A proof that with an increasing population, there continues to be an increasing demand both for the word of God, and also for that biiok which forms its best commentary. During the last year, six new Members have been added to the list of subscribers to the Parent Society, recommended by the Diocesan Commit- tee. The persons so recommended are, The Rev. Thomas Griffith Roberts, Rector of Llan- aber, Merionethshire; The Rev. William Hicks Owen, Curate of Llancil, Merionethshire John Williams, Esq. Pant Lodge, Anglesey; Griffith Jones, Esq. Banker, Dolgelley, Merionethshire; Rev. Evan Williams, Curate of Rhoscolyn, An- glesey; Rev. David Hughes, Curate of Llau- fairfechan, Carnarvonshire; the whole number of persons admitted since the formation of this Com- mittee is 174: Donations also have been made to the Society amounting to more than X140. As to the state of education in the principles of the established Church, within the district con- nected with this Committee, nothing new of im- portance remains to be added to the full report which was given in the year IS22, by which it appeared that the number of daily schools, under the direction of the parochial Clergy, were 32.- The chiSdrfeti educated 2709. and that the amount of annual sums for supporting these schooli was about £ 1300, being less tllan 10s. a-head, includ- ing all incidental expenses, as hooks, fire, the re- pair of School-houses, &c. &c, It may be pro- per to add here, that the School established in the parishes of Llandrygarn and Bodwrog. iri the Is- land of Anglesey, which was referred to last year- as being in a state of progress, is now in full ac- tion. Another School is contemplated for the j benefit of the united parishes of Llanrhyddlad; J Llanrhwydrus. and Llanfflewyn, in the same Counly, tp: which considerable contributions have been mftde; and having; been united with the National Sdfeiety,. it .is now awaiting the result^ '• ail application for ft grant of money from that Socictv.. t,. Mufth has been done in some parts ef this dis- trict towards the religious and moral education of the poor; much yet remains to be done iu every j part. Even in the county of Anglesey, in which greater tyertions have been made Hy the paro- chial Clergy towards this object than, in many parts of the kingdom, which are far more .favour- ably circumstanced.; even in. that county there are places in which the formation of National Schools is much called for. An examination of the Schools in Anglesey took place a short time ago three centrical examinations'were held by the Clergy of the Island, attended by the local Se- cretary of the National Society and by some of "the Laity of the first respectability, as well as by some of the parents of the children who were ex- amined. One of these examinations was held at Pentraeth, which embraced the Pentraeth and- Llangefni Schools. A second was held at Llån" dyfrydog, which embraced the Llanerchymedd, Amlwch, and Llangwvfan Schools; and a third was held at Holyhead. At these Meetings a sum was collected amounting to X6, which was expended in the purchase of religious books, which books were distributed to the deserving children; These examinations appear to have been at- tended with the very best effects they act as en- couragements both to those who teach and to those who are taught they create new friends to the religious and moral instruction of the poor and they awaken the poor to a, sense of the sub- stantial beiltfi s, which the rich are seeking to pro- ctire for tllem. May we not yet hope. that they who are, not, friendly to the modern system that is adopted for the instruction of the poorerclasses* will at length be convinced, and suffer their doubts and antici- pations to yield to the evidence of well attested ctR1.. The Committee held out a promise some, time since, to give a return of the numbers educated in the Sunday Schools in both the English and Welsh LanguagpsI they await a favourable ops portmiity for making that report, and that the may do it with satisfaction, they earnestly press upon the consideration of the public the impor- tance of these institutions, as affording the only means of instruction bv which sortie of the lower orders can benefit; many of whom thro' past neg- lect, or by reason of their present daily occupa- tions, are debarred from every other means of re- ligious improvement. By many of this descrip^ tion of persons, the Sabbath is spent in idleness and profligacy. In some places these Schools are conducted by the gratuitous assistance and Voluntary contributions of the laity, directed by the Clergymen, here much is effected and at little expense. The formation of a New Institution has been suggested by many persons, and approved of by others, which, could it be effected, would per- haps meet the wishes of two opposing parties, both of those who would promote and of those who are not satisfied as to the propriety of edu- cating the poor. The institution alluded to is A School or Hous'e^of Industry for the training of Female Servants," to be instructed in such branches of knowledge, both religious* moral and domestic, as may best fit them for the offices of the humble stations in which they may be placed, whether as the wives of labourers or me- chanics, or as the servants of the middle or higher ranks of society. If an Institution of this nature should be "adopted by the higher laity, and sup- ported by the united efforts of two or more ad- joining counties, it is presumed that it might con- tribute much to the religious improvement, ti moral restraints, the industrious and cleanly. ha bits of the lower classes, and to tho comfort and interest of the higher. A SUMMARY OF THE BOOKS Sold by the Bangor Diocesan Committee, conneetei with the Society for Promoting Christian Know- ledge, throughout its several districts, during tho year commencing with August, 1524, and ending with August, 1825. Bihtes. English 11.7 Bibles, Welsh. aid Testaments, English 83 Testaments, Welsh i. Prayer Books, English bU Prayer Books,.English and Welsh. 11 Frityer Books, Welsh 4a Psalters, English. IOU Psalters. M School Sookii, tJnglish 748 School Books, Welsh..34 Tracts, English, single. a Tracts in volumes. Ib7 Papers distributed gratis. 700 Total.27.58 Welsh TMHa&entk ommed. too Total. I Woks sbldon preceding.years. 1* 1823. 397S 14422. 6468 1819 4-907 1818 4043 »' 1917 7321 J 1816. -3132 1815.725^ 1814 2729 1813 4100 Total-sold by the Committee, since the yeir IS I.S. 53.ont
i, 11 The Bangor Diocesan Committee in account ivitkthi Parent Societu. Dr. 1825, Aug. 1. To amount of kooks onhand. 135 6 7 Cash in hand.i 67 18 Ill- Debts 25 16 SJ Disbursements. 16 S 2 Balance from last year. IS 4. II; j £ ?260 9 8i Balance brought down in favour of1 Diocesall Coninlittee.. 14 7 ] i Cr. 1824, Aug. 22. By amount of bills for Books, as per statement sent from London 103 4 9 182o, Feb. 10. ByGoods.i.i 22 11 5 March 9, By ditto li 7 61 May!. Byditto. 140 1 9 21. By ditto. 0 II a By ditto from Chester. 0 7 3 June 29. By ditto is -bi balance ,.i. 14 7 It 9 s-I ■_ J. H. COTTON, Secretary,
AT A MEETING OF THE SOCtETV, FOR THE. • ■ -r • SPrapagatturt hOt tijc J, IN FOREIGN PAR J Held in the National School Room, BancoV 3rd day Of August, 1825; s PRESENT. Rev. R. Williams, Canon of Brt^or t/ C. Gdfnore, Esq. Bangor Rev. Mr flughes, P. C.,6f St; Anne f iv ?ren' u™te of Holyhead • j H' r'f.vor^Marof Carnarvon^ J- "■ Cotton' Precentor. Banaof. The Report for the Propagation of the GiispB in1 Foreigd Pats was read and approved, and or dered to be printed in the North Wales Gazette. The following nsw Members ware then ad- mitted — I I. s. ø. Rev. Hugh Wynne Jones, treiorwerth, 1 I 0 Rev. Hugh Price, Curate of ) n ,n Llandegai > 0 10 o Robert Davies, Curate of Llan- n fi gristiolus r 0 10 0 O. G. Williams, Curate b'f'p'en".} rhdsliigwy.. | 0 6 Travers Jones, Esq. Donation; 0 10 5 Signed for the Meeting, J. H. COTTON* Secretary,
REPORT OF THE T Tacdfporated Society for the Propagatiort at the Gospel in Foreign Parts. The District Committee, in union with this So- ciety, was formed at the Annual Meeting of thA Committee of the Society for Promoting Chris- tian Knowledge, in August Jasti 1824; It was then resolved, that the Rev. Mr. Cotton and th. Rev. Mr. Hamer, as Secretary and Treasurer of that Society, should be empowered to receive sub- scriptions to anyanioitnt; that such subsriptions should become dlie on the 1st of August, in each year, and that the first subscription should be- 6QITH» due in Atigust 1625. The following per- sons (in addition to the Lord Bishop and the R. Mr. Cotton, as incorporated members.) g- ve in their names as contributing and associated aiemo bers. A C D. Rev. R. Williams, Canon of Bangor, I' Vlv 0 Rev. T. W. Trevor, Vicar of Carnarvon, 1'' I 0 Rev. W. Thomas, Curate of Pentraeth, Anglesey 0 10 fli C-. Gilmore, Esq. Bangor, 0 JO 0 Rev. M; Hughes, P.C. of St. Anne's, 0 10 0 Rev. E, A. Owen, Curate of Holyhead, 0 10 6 The two venerable Institutions to which the Committees have now called the attention of the public, have existed above 120 years; they arosci nearly at the same time/ they were for roauy years the only public associations connected with the Church of England, by which the Gos- pel was spread abroad, and by which Chris- tian Knowledge was promoted at home.- They are now yearly receiving an accession of friends, and. are expending their increasing funds in new objects of extended usefulness. The Committees therefore caiitiot better conclude their report of these Societies, than by expressing a hope that their friends may increase, that their objects may be universally known, and tbwtf utility universally acknowledged; trusting that as this hope will be ever seconded by their J earnest efforts, so also, thro' their prayer to Al* mighty God, that hope may be realized, and those efforts made effectual.
":I":?=-=- ;=:==- s fC&nKhued froiti frvi p(\l!e-) ?x^&>"ev"f-jusTy existed. jMvm this time. Hie '•Cliffs dre "transmuted inta Slit-rifts they.also, were uoL'Created by charter, but^xist?d.;}- £ »«g be- 4fort'. 1 will iiov/ proc^efl'to give you extracts the Corporation Books, where there is proof 't.o df^oKStrarion of the p-xiiiit-'h1*ft nil pre- sunt olftceis previous to thetitua of Henry K., tor 'here is here> uicord of'kn.'inrjiuMiiou on \Varreu fresh "herrings, in thrjecf-'tfa'y* their arrival. ilie 24i (It, i-'i "'•the Jfcayfcr, "Sheriffs, and 24 kUiermen. Sbiiefts are all fotnul to exist without any creation by -harter., ¡nil re U another entry in the year 1339 'as lollow's':—"lie it remembered hv the Mayor, Sheriffs, 24 Aldermen, and. whole Co-tnmonsiity of tIll! i.;itj', l' to make .aln: íhalt,or wet a.ny com," &c. Now, having pro ved the immemofial existence of r'! the others,I "viIl propeed to prove that there were iiin the Coir,mon-c6uncSl, at this time, for there is. an entry made in these books against a polit hUst\sté. fbi, buying-14 dishes of butter for lid. before one in the reign of Henrv I V. :¡riiilt';tlie order of the Mayor, 24 ;S.Idenheh, a id whole commonalty;" and ano- ther against the "bakers of the town who had com- "billed not lo work upon Monday. In All these is abundant evidence of the existence of "select todies from time immemorial, and not one bftherfe "created by ch&rfer; so the natarkl infe/enceis that they exhsttfSYfem lime immemorial. In the second place we say we did not accept that "part of the charter «;>f fjer.ryVII. regarding the elec- tion of the Mayor,. 1 insist that if numbers were also have uoih-ed the directions of the charter, which they never do. I will prove that so far from a majority of the Aldermen being prseut, it has u,,iial IV be,-n. the case that only a small mi- !M>ritv were-pf^ent at the election of Mayor; so that if, in p^int of fact, there is no entry of a ma- jority being pi esrat, and that there seldom has ibeen a majority present, then it is plain they have le hy the Custom and not by the Charter, which will entitle me to your verdict. The eviifence consisted in proving the Docu- tnents recited by Mr. Taunton. Alr. Finchett Muddock, Mr. Fletcher, Mr. Bowers, Mr. G. Top- '*am, Mr. Benj. MoMc, Mr. R. Gorst, and Mr. Joseph Bateihan, gave evidence that there never had been a mKJOrifyof Aldermen present at the election of Mayor for "Wore than half a century. Mr.Canlpball;oh the other side, said the ques- tion at issue was, whether Mr. Harrison was duly elected Mayor of Chester. It was admitted he was not properly elected according to the charter, so that they are driven to support the legality of the election by immemorial custom, that is by an Uninterrupted custom from the time of legal me- mory, which is the reign of Richard I. Gentle- men, [ will -prove to your perfect satisfaction, that the charter of Henry VI I. has been the ground of the constitution of the City of Chester, and never once departed from in any instance till tire period of the Revolution in 1688. That charter recites the mode of election of a Mayor to be by the ma- jority of Aldermen, so that as Mr. Harrison has not been elected in this manner, they are dri yen to support his election by the notable expedient of proving that there has been a Mayor, 2 Sheriffs, and 24 Aldermen in Chester from time imme- morial! Why Gentlemen, I will prove that there was only one Mayor in England in the days of Richard I. The old Saxon officers were called Bailiffs, and Spellman, who is high authority in this case, says, Before the arrival of the Nor- mans. I do not find the word Mayor in use amongst ,-is, nor was it used till I ISf), when the title of the I Bailiffs of London was changed into that of Mayor that King Joht) gave a Mayor to I.rnti, "whjtst the city -of had not oue for many ¡ Vears. after." H-fnry HI. seized the Earldom of Chester, and gave it to his eldest son, arrd from that time the Bailiff was styled, Mayor. The • charter which lv,is.b»»en produced to you from Durham, proves nothing more than that the inha- bitants were allowed to trade from town to town, and you may take it as certain, that there. was not it Corporation, much less a Mayor, in Chester, till the reign of Henry IIL. for wherever there i* n Mayor, he is always mentioned in the charters and deeds of the Corporation, but till that period ,no such name is found in the archives of Chester. The only uthei document which bears upon this point is the writ of Edward [ordering the Mayor, &c. to provide ships to assist him jn his wars against my co; « men. This is a period, Gen- tlemen, of whi, every Scotsman may .justly be proud. Poor as we are, and that we are never ashamed to own and weak as we and that we could never concetti yet we stood, alone against the whole power of England, and glori- ously achieved otir liberties under the banner of a hero who deserves and receives all the honour which every patriot, be he of what country he may •delights to bestow oil the glorious name of Ro- "bert Bruce. The victory established the liberties of our country, when Edward perfidiously took 'advantage of liie arbitration of the crown, and claimed its SK>vemg.uty» Now, for the immemorial Stierilhi • they itre never heard of in these documents till the tiifie of Edward I. in 13G5, and not a Common Councilman, is named till the time of Henry I I., ami the IS are never mentioned till then !he term goodmen "beillg niereiv eom- !>limeutary, und not a rank of men in the Corpora- tion. I have abundant evidence that Sheriffs are not from lime i:iuu« morial. My learned friend gave no evidence of sheriffs and Bailiffs in the time of Richard It he has given no evidence of Sheriffs in the time of Edward i. and there Certainty were itoite before. It is not enough for him to show that iinmemorially there were Al- riennen, unless he at so shows there-were Sheriffs, it is not enough tor him toslunv there were A I- dermen and Sheriffs, without immemorially show- ing there were Mayors. On the whole, I cannot tee a shadow of evidence to prove the existence of any one of these bodies at the early period to which you are referred, and the case-of necessity farts to the ground, I reaily do not think it worth my while to lay;a tittle i>f evidence before'you, the ease on the other side so completely refutes itself, that I would almost be content to take your Verdict on what iny teamed friend himself has set "before you. Baron G:t)-row-!n that case, Gentlemen of the tfury, you had ht'tt<,r(()n;;ult and see if you can return your verdict on the evidence you have 11.1- ready heard. ti on. T. Kenyon, (Foreman of the Special Jury).—My Lord, what is the precise matter we are to decide ? Baton Garro w—Whet her or hot there "lilt's been ian imuu nic.riaH Ciisioni 111 the city of Chester for the I he Jury retiVrjied it terdiot—VVe tionceive that an immemorial custom has not been proved. —[.The Mayor of Chester is therefore illegally ted-i B 3