A SONG. lET Kings for sceptres fight or fame Thro' distant realms with toil pursue Let Poets write to gain a name, I only wish to gain my Sue. Let rakes for lawless pleasures rove, And daily sigh for faces new; Let me enraptur'd range the grove, And gaze upon my lovely Sue. Her eyes with modest lustre shine, Her lips are soft as morning dew; The rose and lilly both combine, To deck the cheeks of lovely Sue, A form so perfect, or so fair, Nor Titian, nor Apelles drew; No colours can describe the air, Or graceful ease of lovely Sue. Were kingdoms under my command, Or all the pow'r that Caesar knew I'd place the sceptre in her hand, And live the slave of lovely Sue. "Chang'd to a swan, Almighty Jove To Laeda's lovely bosom new; Swift pois'd upon the wings of love; I'd fly to meet my fairer Sue. But weak my verse to sing her praise, Or giva her worth, or charms, their due Some Poet, in more lofty lays, Shall celebrate my lovely Sue. Great Queen of love, attend my pray'r, And help a swain so fond and true Instruct me how to gain my fair, Instruct me how to gain my Sue.
ON MINES. The following is the account of the mines in the district of Minas Geraes, and the method of working them, in Mr. Mounteney's new work upon South America "The first gold which is certainly known to have been produced in Minas Geraes, was a sam- ple of three oitavas, presented in 1695 to the Capt. Mar of Espirito Santo, by Antonio Rodriguez Arzain, a native of the town of Taboate, since which period it has been discovered in all the districts of which the captaincy is composed. The news of gold having been found in Minas Geraes soon attracted there a great number of of Paulistas and Europeans. It was, however, in 1703, that the principal influx of adventurers to the mines took place: meanwhile, discoveries of gold continued to be made. In 17L4, one piece of native gold was found. which was worth 700 milreis ("nearly £ '200.). Three others of nearly the same size, and one of the value of 3000 crusados (-^300.) were also about this period dug from the earth, although the latter had the dis- advantage of lying deep. At the commencement of the mining system in the Brazils, the common method of proceeding- was to open a square pit, which the workmen called cata, till they came to the cascalho; this they broke up with pick-axes, and placing it in a batea, a wooden vessel, broad at the top and nar- row at the bottom, exposed it to the action of run- ning water, shaking it from side to side till the earth was washed away, and the metallic particles had all subsided. Lumps of native gold were often found from twenty to one hundred oilavas in weight; a few which weighed from two to three- hundred, and one, itis asserted, of thirteen pounds; but these were insulate;! pieces.and the ground j where they were discovered was not rich. All the first workings were in the beds of rivers, or in the taboleire.s, the table-ground on their sides. In I72i«, the method of mining had undergone a considerable alteration, introduced by some natives of the northern country; instead of opening- catas, or searching-places, by hand, and carrying the cascalho thence to the water, the mi lers conducted water to the miningground, and, washing away the mould, broke up the cascalho in pits under a fall of the water, or exposed it to the same action in wooden troughs; a uu thus a great expense of human labour was spared. At the commencement ofthe present century, there was a general complaint in Minas Geraes, that the ground was exhausted of its gold yet it was the opinion of all scientific men, and still continues to be so, that hitherto only the surface of the earth had been scratched, and that the veins are for the most part untouched. The mining was either in the beds of the streams or in the mountains; in process of time the rivers had changed their beds; the miners discovered that the primary beds were above the present level, and these they called ffuaparas; the next step is the laholeira, which seems to be close by the side of the veio, or present body of the stream. All these are mining-grounds the'first is easily worked, because little or no waters remain there the surface had only to be removed, and then the cascalho was found. In the second step, wheels were often required to draw off the water; the present bed could only be'worked by making a new cut, which is calied lalo, and diverting the stream, and, even when this is done. the wheel is still wanting. The wheel was a clumsy machine, which it was frequently necessary to remove, and fifty slaves or more were employed a whole day in removing it. This was the only means in use for saving human labour, for not even a cart or hand-barrow was to be seen the rubbish and the cascalho were all carried iij troughs upon the heads of slaves, who had in many instances to climb up steep asoents, where inclined planes might have been formed with very little trouble, and employed with great advantage. River mining, however, was the easiest and most effectually performed it was, therefore, the commonest. But the greater part of those streams which were known to be auriferous had been wrought. The mountains were more tempt- ing, but required much greater labour: a few bracas, if the veins were good, enriched the ad- venturers for ever, and in the early days of the mines, the high grounds attracted men who were more enterprising and persevering than their des- cendants. The mode of working in such ground is not by excavation, but by what is called talho alberto, the open etit.-laying the vein bare by clearing away the surface. This labour is im- mense, if water cannot be brought to act upon the spot; and, when even there is water, it is not always easy to direct it, nor will the nature of the cut allow always of its use. When tlit-, miners found no cascalho in the mountains, they suspect- ed that the stones might contain gold, and they were not deceived in this supposition. This is the most difficult mode of extractidn the stones were broken by manual labour, withiron mallets in a few instances only, one machine was worked by slaves, instead of cattle. The modes of mining having been so imper- fect, it has not unreasonably been concluded, that now, when more scientific means are about being adopted, BrazH is likely to yield a greater quan- tity of gold than at any former time."
utE, ftlv life is like ilie Summer rose, That opens to the morning skv, --33iit ere the shades of evening' close, fs scatler'd on the ground to die-; "nul oti lti,Ft rose's litinible bed The sweetest dews of night ere shed, i\ s if she wept such waste to see- But none shall weep a tear for me. My life is like the autumn leaf, That trernblm; in the mann's pale ray; Its hold is fra:it~-its date is brief— Restless, and soon to pass away Yet, ere that leaf shall fall and fade, The parent tree shal1 mournils shade. "The winds hewailthe leafless tree— -B Lit none shall breathe a sigh for me. My life is like the print which feet Have left on Tempe's desert strand- Soon as the rising tide shall beat, This track shall vanish from the sand Yet. as if grieving to efface All vesrige of the human race, On that lone shore loud moans the Sea— But none shall e'er lament for me.
LIFE, DEATH, AND ETERNITY. A Shadow moving by one's side, That would a substance seem,— That is, yet is not,—though desciied- Like skies beneath the stream A tree that's ever in the bloom, Whose fruit is never rife A wish for joys that never come,- Such are the hopes of Life. A dark inevitable night, A blank that will remain A waiting for the morning light, Where waiting is in vain A gulph where pathway never led To show the depth beneath A thing we know not, yet we dread,— That dreaded thing is Death. I The vaulted void of purple sky That every where extends, That stretches from the dazzled eye, In peace that never ends A Morning whose uprisen Sun No setting e'er shaH see A day that comes without a Noon,— Such is Eternity.
THE CRUSADER'S RETURN. High deeds achieved of knightly fame, From Palestine the champion came; The cross upon his shoulders borne, Battle and blast had dimm'd and torn. Each dint upon his batter'd shield Was token of a foughten field And thus, beneath his lady's bow-er, He sung as fell the twilight hour: Joy to the fair!—thy knight behold, Return *d from yonder land of gold No wealth he brings, nor wealth can need, Save his good arms and battle steed His spurs, to dash against a foe. His lance and sword to lay him lew Such all the trophies of his toil. Such—and the hope of Tekla's smile! 41 Joy to the fair !-whose constant knight Her favour fired to feats of might; Unnotccl shall she not remain Where meet the bright and noble train; Minstrel shall sing and herald lell- Mark yonder maid of beauty well, I "Fis she f,)i- whose I)right eyes was won The listed field of Ascalon Note well her smile!—it edged the blade Which fifty wives to widows made, When, vnin his strength & Mahmoud's spell, lcoiliuli" ttirbaii'd sol(laii fell. See'st thou her locks, whose sunny glow Half shows, haif shades, her neck of snow; Twines not of them one golden thread, But for its sake a Panim bled. H Joy to the fair !-iny name unknown, Each deed, and all its praise thine own; Then, o!\ tmbar this churlish gate, The nigTit dew falls, the hour is late'. Inur'd to Syria's glowing breath. f fet-1 the north breeze chill as death; j (luell iiiaicleii shame. And grant him bliss who brings thee fame.'
I JURIES' lHLt. IMPORTANT TO PARISHES, CHURCH- WARDES; q' OVERseERS. The following are extracts from the Bill now in progress, For Consolidating- and amending the Laws relative to Jurors and J That every man (with certain official and pro- fessional exceptions) being between the ages of 21 and 60 years, residing in any county of Eng- land, and having in his own name, or in trust for him, within the same county, ten pounds by the year, above reprises in lands or tenements, whe- ther freehold, copyhold, or customary tenure, or of a rent demense, or in rents issuing out of any such lands, tenements, and rents taken together in fee-simple, fee-tail, or for the life of himself, or some other person, or having within the same county twenty pounds by the year above reprises in lands or tenements, held by lease, or leases for the absolute term of twelve years, or some longer term, or for any term of years de- terminable on any life or lives, shall be qualified and shall be liable to serve on Juries for the trial of all issues joined, in any of the King's Courts of Records at Westminster, and in the superior Courts, both civil and criminal, of the three counties palatine, and in all Courts of Assize, Nisi Prfus, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Deli- very, such issues being respectively triable in the county in which every man so qualified and liable to serve on Grand Juries, in the Courts of Ses- sions of Peace, and triable in the county riding, or division in which every man so qualified re- spectively shall reside* The qualification for Wales is to the extent of three-fifths of any of the foregoing qualifications. Exemptions.-Peers, Judges of the King's Courts of Record at Westminster, and of the Courts of Great Session in Wales, Clergymen in Holy Orders, Priests of the Roman Catholic faith who shall have duly taken and subscribed the oaths and declarations required by law, and per- sons who shall teach or preach in any congrega- tion of Protestant Dissenters, whose place of meeting is duly registered, and who shall follow no secular occupation except that of a school- master, producing a certificate of some Justice of the Peace of their having taken the oaths and subscribed the declaration required by law, shall be exempted from being returned and from serv- ing upon any Juries or inquests whatsoever, and shall not be inserted in the lists. Qualified exemptions,-Sergeants orBarristers- at-law actually practising, members of the Society of Doctors of Law, or Advocates of the Civil Law actually practising, Clerks of the Peace actually exercising the duties of their offices, Attorneys, Solicitors, or Proctors, duly admitted in any Court of Law or Equity, of Ecclesiastical or Ad- miralty jurisdiction, in which Attorneys, Solici- tors, and Proctors have usually been admitted, actually practising, and having duly taken out their annual certificate, Officers of any such Courts actually exercising the duties of the Offices, Co- roners, Gaolers, or keepers of Houses of Correc- tion, Members or Licentiates of the Royal Col- lege of Physicians in London, actually practising Surgeons, being members of one of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons in London, Edinburgh, or Dublin and actually practising, Apothecaries, having began to practise before the first day of August, 1815, or certified by the Court of Exa- miners of the Apothecaries' Company, and ac- tually practising, Officers of his Majesty's Navy or army on full pay, the Household Servants of his Majesty, his heirs, or successors, Officers of Customs or Excise, elder bretnern of the Trinity House, Sheriff's officeis. High Constables, or Parish Clerks, shall not be liable to he returned or to serve upon any Juries or Inquests whatever; but the names of the said several persons shall be inserted in the lists, and the nature of their re- spective exemptions shall be stated in a column set apart for that purpose. Provided always, that where justice cannot be administered, or is likely to remain unadministered, without the ser- vice of the persons aforesaid, in such cases not only those persons but also all others claiming to be exempt from serving on Juries and Inquests by virtue of any prescription, charter, grant or writ whatsoever, shall become liable (so long as need shall require) to be impanelled and to be re- turned and serve as Jurors, any privilege to the contrary notwithstanding. The Clerk of the Peace in every county shall, within the first week in July in every year, issue his warrant to every high constable, commanding them to issue their precepts to the Churchwardens and Overseers of the poor of every parish, requir- ing them to make out, before the ensuing 1st of September, a list of all persons in their re- spective pariihes liable to serve. The Churchwardens and Overseers of every parish, township, or place, shall forthwith, after receipt of the precept make out, in alphabetical order, a true list of every man residing within their respective precincts who shall be qualified and liable to serve on Juries, or shall be entitled to any qualified exemption, with the christian and surname written at futl length, and with the true place of abode, the title, quality, calling, or business, and the nature of the qualification and exemption (if any) according to the prescribed form of return. The Churchwardens and Overseers shall, on or before the first day of September, leave at every such man's place of abode a printed notice ac- cording to the form prescribed, that every such man may know that his name is in the Jury list for the year ensuing, and that all objections to such list will be heard at the time and place men- tioned in such notice. The qualifications before mentioned for Jurors, and the regulations for procuring lists, shall not extend to the Jurors or Juries in any liberties, franchises, cities, boroughs, or towns corporate, not being counties, nor in any cities, boroughs, or towns, being counties of themselves, which shall respectively possets any jurisdiction, civil or criminal; but in all such places the Sheriffs, Bailiffs, or other Ministers, shall prepare their panels as heretofore accustomed; and no man shall be impanelled or returned to serve on any Jury for the trial of any capital offence in any other liberty, franchise, city, borough, or town, who shall not be a householder within the same, and have lands, tenements, or personal estate, to the value of one hundred pounds, nor unless he he qualified to serve as a Juror in civil causes within the same liberty, franchise, city, borough, or town. Justices are to hold a Special Petty Sessions in the last week in September every year, of which due notice shall be given, and the Churchwardens and Overseers of evry parish, townships, or place, shall then and there produce the aforesaid list, and shall answer, upon oath. sach questions as shall be put to them by such Justices, who may. upon satisfaction from the oath of the party com- plaining, or other proof, or upon their own know- ledge, strike his name out of the list. Churchwardens and Overseers are authorised to inspect and take extracts from all duplicates and assessments of taxes and rates. If any man. having been duly summoned to at- tend on allY kind of Jury in any of the Courts in England or Wales, shall not attend in pursuance of such summons, or being thrice called, shall not answer to his name, or if any such man or tales- man after having been calied, shall be present, but not appear, or after his appearance, shall will- fully withdraw himself from the presence of the Court, the Court shall set such fine upon every such man or talesman so making default (unless some reasonable excuse shall be proved by oath or affidavit) as the Court Fliiill tliiiilf meet. Every in an so summoned, anil having duly at- tended or served until discharged by the Court of Sessions, shall, upon application by him made to such Clerk ef ihe Peace before he shall depart from the place where such Sessions are holden, receive a certificate testifying such his service, which certificate the said Clerk of the Peace is hereby required to give, on payment of one shil- ling. No man shall he returned to serve upon any Grand or Petty Jury for any county, riding, or division, in England or Wales, who has served at any such Sessions within hYO years before, and has the certificate of the Clerk of the Peace, of having so served. Churchwardens or Overseers neglecting any part of their duties in respect of the proposed Act, shall, on being convicted, pay a sum not less than forty shillings, nor more than ten pounds, for every offence. This Bill, if passed, will repeal and bring into one view the provisions of upwards of sixty Acts of Parliament* and on that account alone will be a public benefit; but when we contemplate the higher advantages which will result from it in its superior and more impartial mode of striking Juries, we hail it as a great improvement in our national code. It will, of course, add materially to the duties of parish officers; and we certainly think that as the Churchwardens, Overseers, and Assistant Overseers, will have to bear the burden of making the returns, they have a strong claim to exception eX-officio.
BOW-STREET. John Stewart was brought before Mr. HALLS, on Thursday night, by Donaldson and Macdonald, two of the constables of Covent-garden Theatre, charged with having feloniously abstracted a Not-it Mina diamond pin from the cravat of one Mr. William Oliver, the master tanner of a tan- nery at SUatford-le-Bow. This Jo i Stewart seems to have a remarkable predilection' for diamond pins. for he has been in Newgate the last six weeks, on acharge of having snatched one from the bospm of a Mr. Louis Raphael; from which charge he escaped in con- sequence, as the officers said, of Mr. Louis Raphael not appearing at the old Bailey to pro- secute him. He is a fine, strapping, Titus-crop- p'd, well-dressed, confident sort of subject;—a very imposing yottng fellow, as one may say, and not a likely-looking person to snatch a pin from any body though oil the present occasion he certainly appeared to some disadvantage—the left sleeve of his well-Cut coat having been com- pletely torn from its socket by the officers, in their awkward endeavour to prevail upon liiifi to come before the Magistrate. The manner of his attack upon Mr. Oliver's nova minll, and the circumstances connected therewith appeared by the evidence, to bo thus: Macdonald, the oflicer, first observed him very anxiously bustling about in the pit passage of the theatre,—lilting, as it were, at every groupe of people he met with, and then very politely asking pardon for his rudeness. Mr. Macdonald knew him to be no better than he should be, and there- fore he kept his eye upon him. Presently Mr. Oliver appeared, escorting a party of young wo- men, and our hero—our brilliant hero, instantly set him-welt-knowing that when a man is in such a place with two or three ladies under his care, it is a hundred to one if he is over careful about anything else. And so it turned out in this instance, for just as Mr. Oliver had seated the ladies, and was about to seat himself, our hero brushed past him, and very dexterously whipped the nora mina from Mr. Oliver's shirt- frill, without Mr. Oliver knowing anything about the matter. Macdonald; however, had bewn an attentive observer of the whole transaction, and instantly seized him by the collar. The prisoner as instantly threw down the nova mina, and made a very gentlemanly and indignant resistance but Macdonald held on, though five or six other gen- tlemen tried to make him relinquish his hold, and even offered to be answerable" for the prisoner's appearance oulhe morrow. Donaldson and other officers, came to Macdonald's assistance the prisoner was removed; and the nova mina was picked up by a respectable widow woman, on the very spot on which the prisoner was first seized by Macdonald. He declined saying anything in his defence and he was committed for further examination on Monday next, in order t<^f>ive several gentlemen who have lost shirt-pins at theatres an opportunity of seeing him. WIUTFIEDO v. WOODROFFE.—Col. Woodroffe appeared in custody before Sir Richard Birnie. to answer the complaint of Thomas Whitfield, the foreman of a breeches-making establishment in the Strand. It apl)eared by the breeches-maker's statement that on the morning set forth in the information, he proceeded to the Colonel's lodgings, at the Prince of Wales Hotel, in Leicester-street, with a pair of mud-boots, or gambadoes, which the Colonel had ordered at his master's shop. That. having reached the said hotel, with the said mud- boots inclosed in a blue bag, he ascended to the bed-chamber of the said Colonel, on the second floor of the hotel aforesaid, and tapp'd gently at the door, and distinctly heard the Colonel say walk in." That he did walk in accordingly and whilst he was in the act of stooping to take the aforesaid mud-boots out of the blue bag afore said he the said Colonel came behind him, audwith- out giving him any notice whatever, ldcked him out of the room, on to the landing, and down divers stairs leading therefrom, to the great danger of his neck, and against the peace of our Sovereign Lord the lving, &c. The Colonel, in his defence, declared that he did not desire the breeches-maker to walk in." as the breeches-maker had falsely aiffrmed but that the breeches-maker walked boldiv in. of his own accord and natural insolence, without even knocking at the door. That he therefore ordered the breeches-maker to retire, which he insolently- refused to do, and therefore he put him out—not by kicking, as the breeches-maker had alleged, but by a gentle push. The Magistrate observed that he was very glad he had not to try the question between the parties, and he directed that the Colonel should enter into his own recognizance to answer the complaint at the Sessions. _)}>
THE HON. COLONEL STANHOPE. The Hon. Leicester Stanhope, who has writ- ten so ably on the subject of Greece, has lately experienced some harsh treatment from the Aus- trian Authorities at Milan. It appears by his letter upon this subject that in answer to a representa- 1 tion to the Governor of Lombardy, he was in- formed that the Governor would allow him to re- main to the end of the month but that he did this at his own peril, and in contravention of the rule. At this term, Colonel Stanhope was obliged to depart. The pretence npon which this order was issued, was that Colonel Stanhope's passport was not signed by any Austrian Diplo- matic character. But this pretence seems to be futile; Colonel Stanhope's passport, was signed by the Austrian Consul at Genoa and foreigners who have resided these, are never accustomed, when they pass into the Austrian state to obtain any other signature. As the English Consulate, Colonel Staiihope was informed that his passport was correct. And it is a strong corroboration of this, that he was permitted to pass the frontiers (where the examination of passports is ordinarily the most strict) without difficulty or observation. On the arrival of Colonel Stanhope at Paris, he addressed the following remonstrance to the Em- peror of Austria Paris, April 11, 1835. "TO THE EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA. Sire—I appeal to your Majesty aloud, be. cause I have been expelled from Milan, and some of my letters calling in vain for justice, have re- mained unanswered by servants of your Majesty's Government, while others addressed to me, have been detained in your Royal Post-office. The usual channels of communication have thus been shut against me, and the sacred laws of honour, have been violated. Injured by the Police of Milan, I do hum- bly petition your Majesty to redress my wrongs. My case is contained in the annexed letters ad- dressed to your Majesty's Governor, the worthy Court Strasoldo. "When these abuses, which have tdken place in a far distant part of the Empire, and which are calculated to inspire contempt, and to make grave men smile, shall be made known to your Majesty justice will be done to all parties—for Justice, mighty Emperor, is your highest attri- bute. With all possible humility. I have the honour to subscribe myself, Your Majesty's most devoted "LEICESTER STANHOPE."
COURT OF COMMON PLEAS-WEDN-ISDAY. GARDINER V. WEDD AND OTHERS. Mr. SERGEANT WILDE moved for a rule to show cause, why a general verdict should not be entered in this case, which was an action of as- sault and false imprisonment, tried lately before Mr. Baron Graham on the Home Circuit, when the plaintiff had a verdict, with one farthing da- mages for the assault and not for the false im- prisonment. It appeared the parishioners of the parish, of which the plaintiff is parish clerk, had some dispute with their parson relative to tithes, and that the parson, in order to conciliate met- ters, thought the best mode was by giving the discontented hf his flock a good dinner and plen- ty of wine. At this dinner, the plaintif fhappened to be present. After the bottle had been pretty freely circulated amongst the glIests. they began to give toasts, and the fii-st given was, Dam- nation to the pärson," and" Damnation to his clerk," (a laugh.) This somewhat surprised the plaintifi, who was in a short time more sur- prised by finding the defendants surround the large chair he was sitting on. Conceiving he had no right to be amongst them, they resolved to put him out, and whilst some held him down in the chair, the others carried him in triumph, and put him and the chair outside the doors. This action was brought in consequence, and the question for the Court to consider was, whether the hold- ing of the plaintiff down in the chair whilst re- moving liim, was sufficient suspension of his li- berty to constitute a false impirsonment, and if so, why the verdict should not be entered upon that point, as wdl as for the assault. The Loan CHIEF JUSTICE (laughing) said there was no ground of false imprisonment it was most evident the ititentioii was only to hinder the plaintiff from tumbling off the chair, whilst they were -reiliovil)g ))illl -itale refused. 1
BURMESE WAR. A Supplement to the London Gazette of Tues- day contains some further correspondence relative to the Burmese war. Major Cooper and Waters had taken possession of the country, west, of Kulllabar, and they had received orders to attempt the destruction of Baora Rajah, and his followers, who were all on the borders. Should they take the road to illuiitiipore, they would be cut to pieces by the Naghasi Major Cooper and Waters describe their suc- cessful attack upon two parties of the Burniabs, in which the enemy sustained considerable injury. Major Waters made an attack on Rahachokey. and took the inhabitants by surprise. The enemy's chief guard were first either bayonnetted or shot; and the alarm being given, the body rushed out of their houses, for the purpose of escaping on the opposite side, under a heavy fire this threw them on the other party, which had made a detour by the left, where they were received with great loss. The remainder were pursued nearly two miles, and left many killed and wounded in the jungles. On our side, one Sepoy only was wounded. A party ofburrnabs who had been sent from the main body were also attacked with complete success. In another dispatch, Major Waters states, that the main body of the enemy under Boora, or Moogaum Rajah (the Burmese Governor of As- sam), being alarmed with the attack on Rahac- hokey, had determined on instant flight, which they effected, leaving behind them all their bag- gage, plunder, military stores, and heavy proper- ty. The enemy appeared to have been totally unprepared for the rapid advance as all their houses and works were in progress on a very extended scale, as if for permanent residence. The dispatch also contains the correspondence from Sir Archibald Campbell, which appeared in the Calcutta Gazette of Nov. 26, and was copied into our Paper.
COUNTRY FAIRS. The first Ilsley great sheep fair this season, was held last Wednesday. The supply was to- lerably good but not so large as usual." A great many dealers attended the tiade was ratherdull in the morning, in consequence of the high prices demanded, but it. became very bi-isli in the after- noon, and the whole fair was sold off, at an average of from (is to 7s higher than last year; Wethers fetching from 35s to 50s and Tegs, 28s to 41s per head. Plymouth Spting Fair commenced on Monday, and was well attended. The supply of woollens was very small, and the sale heavy. The show of Cattle was also scanty; good fat Bullocks fetched from 56s to 60s per cwt. At Eversham fair, there was a very fine shown of cattle and Sheep, and every tiling sold readily at good prices the supply of Horses was large, and the sale was brisk. The show of Cattle, at Heathfield fair, on Thursday last, was not so good as we have known it to be; it was however, tolerably well attend- ed. though we believe but little business was transacted Iz? ELAND.—The minutes of evidence taken be- fore the Committees of both Houses of Parlia- ment, appointed to inquire into the state of Ire- land, have been printed. The Times gives the following summary ofthe evidence of Mr.O'Con- nell ati(I Dr. Doyle, the Catholic Bishop ofKildare before the Lords' Committee, from which it ap- pears— "That a provision for the clergy, except in connexion with measures of civil reliefto the body at large, would be rejected as a bribe for the de- sertion of their lay brethren, and of the common cause. That as a part or consequence of the general measure, a state provision would be received with gratitude '.That the Catholics are perfectly satisfied as to wisdom and necessity of making their priest- hood dependent for its wordly interests on the State.. ,.IlliatnO resumption of church or lay property has ever been thought of, or could be attempted —seeing that with hardly any exceptions, all the Catholic estates in Ireland, are held under Pro- testant titles. That the Catholics are very willing to ac. cept as a fundamental portion of the Bill, any oaths, or other securities—as penalties or re-nact- ments of the penal code—contingent on the first attempt by Catholics to disturb the Protestant church. That the Catholic, gentry regard the Es. tablished Church of Ireland as the bond of con- nexion with Great Britain, That the 40s. freeholds ought to abolished, Miss Foote had 150 guineas at her benefit at Bristol, on Monday, and divided theclèarreceipt of the other three nights; thus realising 300 guineas for four nights. She is to have 1,000 guineas se- cured to her for 13 nights in Dublin, the moment the theatre closes. SPRING AND LANGHAN.—The Hereferd Inde- pendent of Saturday says—" Last week the ad- mirers of the pugilistic art had a rich treat at our theatre, in the display of the scientific attain- ments of the two heroes of the ring, Spring, the late Champion, and Langan. The latter is con- siderably heavier than when he last fought, but his activity and strength did not appear to be in the least diminished. Spring has been unwell, and is considerably reduced, but in the sparring he displayed an evident superiority. During this week the two champions have been exhibiting at Abergavenny, to crowded audiences and we un- derstand that during the ensuing week, the inha- bitants of Merthyr will have an opportunity of wit- nessing their prowess." BoxIKG.-Tuesday a very hard fight took plaot; opposite Gravesend, between Gari-ol, ttlestiftoly champion, and Kent, a navigator. The men had fought before, and Garrol beat his man-whicli example he followed yesterday. One hundred and eleven rounds were fought in one hour and fifty five minutes. The fight was the most des- I perate ever witnessed. It is somewhat singular, says Madame de Genlis of herself, that a person who has written so much should never have learnt to write, but the fact is so. At the age of eleven I wished to write to my father on the new year, and never having had a pen in my Iland, I wrote a long letter iu a large detestable hand. From that tirlle I taught myself to wrife, and though I do not write a fine hand, my writing is neat and legible. Cobbett, in his last llegister, sneaking of Mr, Brougham, says, he has a great talent at talk- ing: he is always running his head against stone walls. He is always committing some egregious' blunder. That which he does well, is prettvsure to be done at the wrong- time when he is right, he is fickle; and perseveringonly when his efforts' are mischievous." There is now in the possession of Mr. Pearson Newton, of Beverley, a hen canary bird that has hatched and brought forth birds for twelve sue- cessive months. She has had i)l I,-O.n the 20th of Alai-eli 182-i, to the 20th of the same month 1825, of which she has brought 46 birds. Mr. Newton used to light a candle early in the winter morning, that she might have an opportunity of feeding her young. She has another nest now apd has laid three eggs more in addition to thw above. A person of the name of Gaetano Riva, who' has, for some time past been a dealer of hard ware, in this town, was declared an Outlaw, on Satur- day evening last, for not appearing before the Commissioners in a case of bankruptcy, awarded against him. Some of our readers are. perhaps, unacquainted with the mode in which anomlawry' takes place for their information we give the following particulars. Exacti y at twel ve o'clock, 1\lr. Taylor, of the Commercial fim, appeared in front of his house, holding in his hands two lighted candles. Mr. Saunders, the auctioneer, then read aloud, three times, the following proclamation :—■ "Gaetano Riva! Gaetano Riva come and surrender yourself forthwith, to James Rimington, k Esq. Joseph Haywood, and Andrew Allan Hardy, Gentlemen, his Majesty's acting Commissioners named and authorised in and by a Commission of Bankruptcy, awarded and issused, and now in pro- secution, against you, the said Gaetano Riva, and Nicholo Riva, the said Commissioners being now present, in the Commercial Inn, Sheffield, ready' to take your surrender: and this you are not its. anywise to omit, on pain of death, the punishment by the Statute made, and now in force; concerning- Bankrupts, in that case on vou, the said Gaetano Riva, to be inflicted- 9th April. 1825."—Sheffield paper, of April 16. J The following is the teit of a recent Firman of r\ the Grand Seignior:- Learn," said the Sultan Mahmoud fW the Infidels translate and print, in the lano-ua«res of the East, the books of their religion, 'known under the name Bible-Psalter, and Gospel. Two or three hundred of each sort ha ve nrri ved in my dominions, with four or tive Treatises in the Persian language. It is my duty foprevent such things. I wish that books of this Kind should be sent back into Europe. If hereafter any of them come to my Citstoiti-liouses, let be a strict account made out of them, and sent to my capital. I prohibit all Turks, whoever they may be, to take any of those false books'; when they meet with any of them [ ordain that they seize, an* throw tlieiri into the fire." SALMON FISHERIES.—A report has been made by the Committee ofthe House of Commons on which it is probable a law will be formed for the preservation of Salmon Fisheries throughout the Kingdom. The measure under contempla- tion, it appears, is intended to limit the catching and sale of salmon to acertain season deleterious matter proceeding from great manufactories will not be allowed to pass into the rivers; certain nets and baits are to be prohibited and a new felony will be created in order to prevent the ex- tinction of this excellent fish. The Report states, that the owners or occupiers of mills and other buildings, for the benefit of which water is taken from a river, stream, or lake, in which salmon exist, for the driving of machinery, or any other purpose, ought to be required to erect add main- tain such gratings or fenders as shall be sufficient to prevent fish, going from or returning to the sea, from entering the stream so taken from the main current; a specific description of such fen- ders or grating to be furnished for their regula- tion the maintenance of such fender or grating to be enforced under a penalty. A merchant of Dumfries (Mr. Joseph Fergu- son), a few days ago, discovered a very large well-fed rat at the bottom of a sugar barrel which he had recently emptied. He put his cat into the barrel, expecting that a few momen ts would suffice to number the imprisoned burglar with the dead. On returning a short time afterwards, instead of the remains oftbe rat, he found it not only alive, but tlie cat and it lying together at the bottom of the barrel, hugging each other with the most cordial good-will, and without the least apparent disposition to quarrel. Thinking, as the cat was young, that it might have been afraid to attack the enemy, he put another strong elderly oneinto the barrel beside them, not doubting that it would make short work of it; but on again returning, he found that as good an understanding subsisted between the rat and the two cats, as when there was only one. This prompted him to make a third experiment, and lie popped a third cat into the barrel on looking in some time afterwards, he discovered that, so far from the cats exhibiting any hosti Ie intentions towards their natural enemy, it had so far ingratiated itself into their good graces, and became so familiar with its betters, as actually to presume to get upon one of their backs, where it was discovered couching at its ft ease, and the cat apparently not less pleased at being thus bestrode. All further attempts to pro- 1 voke a quarrel between these two species of animals, hitherto considered mortal foes, beill" now considered vain, were given up the C!lt were withdrawn, and the rat put to death.-Dulit- fi-ies Iottrnal. PRINTED & PUBLISHED by C. BROSTFIZ AT BANGOR, CARNARVONSHIRE. Orders, Advertisements, and other Comrlú. nications will be thankjulh/ received by the pro- prietor, and by thejollmvlng Agents: Messrs. NEWTON & Co. Warwick-square London I Mr. R. 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